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Rise & Fall of Israel’s Kingdom

(Category 7 of 16)

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Death of Samuel


1 Then aSamuel died; and the Israelites gathered together and blamented for him, and buried him at his home in Ramah. And David arose and went down cto the Wilderness of 1Paran.

CHAPTER 25 References

1 a1 Sam. 28:3
bNum. 20:29;
Deut. 34:8
cGen. 21:21;
Num. 10:12;
13:3 1So with
MT, Syr., Tg.,
Vg.; LXX
2 a1 Sam.
23:24 bJosh.
3 aJosh. 15:13;
1 Sam. 30:14
4 aGen. 38:13;
2 Sam. 13:23
6 aJudg. 19:20;
1 Chr. 12:18;
Ps. 122:7;
Luke 10:5
7 a1 Sam.
25:15, 21
8 aNeh.
8:10–12; Esth.
8:17; 9:19, 22
1be gracious
to the young
10 aJudg. 9:28
11 aJudg. 8:6,
15 1Lit.
13 a1 Sam.
14 1scolded or
scorned at
15 a1 Sam.
25:7, 21

1 SAMUEL 25:15

David and the Wife of Nabal

2 Now there was a man ain Maon whose business was in bCarmel, and the man was very rich. He had three thousand sheep and a thousand goats. And he was shearing his sheep in Carmel.
3 The name of the man was Nabal, and the name of his wife Abigail. And she was a woman of good understanding and beautiful appearance; but the man was harsh and evil in his doings. He was of the house of aCaleb.
4 When David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was ashearing his sheep,
5 David sent ten young men; and David said to the young men, “Go up to Carmel, go to Nabal, and greet him in my name.
6 “And thus you shall say to him who lives in prosperity: a‘Peace be to you, peace to your house, and peace to all that you have!
7 ‘Now I have heard that you have shearers.Your shepherds were with us, and we did not hurt them, anor was there anything missing from them all the while they were in Carmel.
8 ‘Ask your young men, and they will tell you. Therefore 1let my young men find favor in your eyes, for we come on aa feast day. Please give whatever comes to your hand to your servants and to your son David.’ ”
9 So when David’s young men came, they spoke to Nabal according to all these words in the name of David, and waited.
10 Then Nabal answered David’s servants, and said, a“Who is David, and who is the son of Jesse? There are many servants nowadays who break away each one from his master.
11 a“Shall I then take my bread and my water and my 1meat that I have killed for my shearers, and give it to men when I do not know where they are from?”
12 So David’s young men turned on their heels and went back; and they came and told him all these words.
13 Then David said to his men, “Every man gird on his sword.” So every man girded on his sword, and David also girded on his sword. And about four hundred men went with David, and two hundred astayed with the supplies.
14 Now one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal’s wife, saying, “Look, David sent messengers from the wilderness to greet our master; and he 1reviled them.
15 “But the men were very good to us, and awe were not hurt, nor did we miss anything as long as we accompanied them, when we were in the fields.

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1 SAMUEL 25:16

16 “They were aa wall to us both by night and day, all the time we were with them keeping the sheep.
17 “Now therefore, know and consider what you will do, for aharm is determined against our master and against all his household. For he is such a bscoundrel1 that one cannot speak to him.”
18 Then Abigail made haste and atook two hundred loaves of bread, two skins of wine, five sheep already dressed, five seahs of roasted grain, one hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and loaded them on donkeys.
19 And she said to her servants, a“Go on before me; see, I am coming after you.” But she did not tell her husband Nabal.
20 So it was, as she rode on the donkey, that she went down under cover of the hill; and there were David and his men, coming down toward her, and she met them.
21 Now David had said, “Surely in vain I have protected all that this fellow has in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that belongs to him. And he has arepaid me evil for good.
22 a“May God do so, and more also, to the enemies of David, if I bleave cone male of all who belong to him by morning light.”
23 Now when Abigail saw David, she adismounted quickly from the donkey, fell on her face before David, and bowed down to the ground.
24 So she fell at his feet and said: “On me,my lord, on me let this iniquity be! And please let your maidservant 1speak in your ears, and hear the words of your maidservant.
25 “Please, let not my lord 1regard this scoundrel Nabal. For as his name is, so is he: 2Nabal is his name, and folly is with him! But I, your maidservant, did not see the young men of my lord whom you sent.
26 “Now therefore, my lord, aas the LORD lives and as your soul lives, since the LORD has bheld you back from coming to bloodshed and from cavenging1 yourself with your own hand, now then, dlet your enemies and those who seek harm for my lord be as Nabal.
27 “And now athis present which your maidservant has brought to my lord, let it be given to the young men who follow my lord.
28 “Please forgive the trespass of your maidservant. For athe LORD will certainly make for my lord an enduring house, because my lord bfights the battles of the LORD, cand evil is not found in you throughout your days.
29 “Yet a man has risen to pursue you and seek your life, but the life of my lord shall be abound in the bundle of the living with the LORD

16 aEx. 14:22
17 a1 Sam.
20:7 bDeut.
13:13 1Lit. son
of Belial
18 aGen. 32:13
19 aGen. 32:16,
21 aPs. 109:5
22 a1 Sam.
3:17; 20:13, 16
b1 Sam. 25:34
c1 Kin. 14:10;
23 aJudg. 1:14
24 1speak to
25 1pay attention
to 2Lit.
26 a2 Kin. 2:2
bGen. 20:6
c[Rom. 12:19] d2 Sam. 18:32
1Lit. saving
27 aGen. 33:11
28 a2 Sam.
7:11–16, 27
b1 Sam. 18:17
c1 Sam. 24:11
29 a[Col. 3:3] bJer. 10:18
30 a1 Sam.
13:14; 15:28
32 aLuke 1:68
33 a1 Sam.
34 a1 Sam.
25:26 b1 Sam.
35 a2 Kin. 5:19
bGen. 19:21
36 a2 Sam.
38 a1 Sam.
39 a1 Sam.
25:32 bProv.
22:23 c1 Sam.
25:26, 34
d1 Kin. 2:44
41 aLuke 7:38,
42 1Lit. with
five of her
maidens at
her feet
43 aJosh. 15:56

your God; and the lives of your enemies He shall bsling out, as from the pocket of a sling.
30 “And it shall come to pass,when the LORD has done for my lord according to all the good that He has spoken concerning you, and has appointed you aruler over Israel,
31 “that this will be no grief to you, nor offense of heart to my lord, either that you have shed blood without cause, or that my lord has avenged himself. But when the LORD has dealt well with my lord, then remember your maidservant.”
32 Then David said to Abigail: a“Blessed is the LORD God of Israel, who sent you this day to meet me!
33 “And blessed is your advice and blessed are you, because you have akept me this day from coming to bloodshed and from avenging myself with my own hand.
34 “For indeed, as the LORD God of Israel lives, who has akept me back from hurting you, unless you had hurried and come to meet me, surely bby morning light no males would have been left to Nabal!”
35 So David received from her hand what she had brought him, and said to her, a“Go up in peace to your house. See, I have heeded your voice and brespected your person.”
36 Now Abigail went to Nabal, and there he was, aholding a feast in his house, like the feast of a king. And Nabal’s heart was merry within him, for he was very drunk; therefore she told him nothing, little or much, until morning light.
37 So it was, in the morning, when the wine had gone from Nabal, and his wife had told him these things, that his heart died within him, and he became like a stone.
38 Then it happened, after about ten days, that the LORD astruck Nabal, and he died.
39 So when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, a“Blessed be the LORD, who has bpleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and has ckept His servant from evil! For the LORD has dreturned the wickedness of Nabal on his own head.” And David sent and proposed to Abigail, to take her as his wife.
40 When the servants of David had come to Abigail at Carmel, they spoke to her saying, “David sent us to you, to ask you to become his wife.”
41 Then she arose, bowed her face to the earth, and said, “Here is your maidservant, a servant to awash the feet of the servants of my lord.”
42 So Abigail rose in haste and rode on a donkey, 1attended by five of her maidens; and she followed the messengers of David, and became his wife.
43 David also took Ahinoam aof

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Jezreel, band so both of them were his wives.
44 But Saul had given aMichal his daughter, David’s wife, to 1Palti the son of Laish, who was from bGallim.

David Spares Saul a Second Time


1 Now the Ziphites came to Saul at Gibeah, saying, a“Is David not hiding in the hill of Hachilah, opposite Jeshimon?”
2 Then Saul arose and went down to the Wilderness of Ziph, having athree thousand chosen men of Israel with him, to seek David in the Wilderness of Ziph.
3 And Saul encamped in the hill of Hachilah, which is opposite Jeshimon, by the road. But David stayed in the wilderness, and he saw that Saul came after him into the wilderness.
4 David therefore sent out spies, and understood that Saul had indeed come.
5 So David arose and came to the place where Saul had encamped. And David saw the place where Saul lay, and aAbner the son of Ner, the commander of his army. Now Saul lay within the camp, with the people encamped all around him.
6 Then David answered, and said to Ahimelech the Hittite and to Abishai athe son of Zeruiah, brother of bJoab, saying, “Who will cgo down with me to Saul in the camp?” And dAbishai said, “I will go down with you.”
7 So David and Abishai came to the people by night; and there Saul lay sleeping within the camp, with his spear stuck in the ground by his head. And Abner and the people lay all around him.
8 Then Abishai said to David, a“God has delivered your enemy into your hand this day. Now therefore, please, let me strike him 1at once with the spear, right to the earth; and I will not have to strike him a second time!”
9 But David said to Abishai, “Do not destroy him; afor who can stretch out his hand against the LORD’s anointed, and be guiltless?”
10 David said furthermore, “As the LORD lives, athe LORD shall strike him, or bhis day shall come to die, or he shall cgo out to battle and perish.
11 a“The LORD forbid that I should stretch out my hand against the LORD’s anointed. But please, take now the spear and the jug of water that are by his head, and let us go.”
12 So David took the spear and the jug of water by Saul’s head, and they got away; and no man saw or knew it or awoke. For they were all asleep, because aa deep sleep from the LORD had fallen on them.

43 b1 Sam.
27:3; 30:5
44 a1 Sam.
18:20; 2 Sam.
3:14 bIs. 10:30
2 Sam. 3:15

CHAPTER 26 References

1 a1 Sam.
23:19; Ps.
2 a1 Sam. 13:2;
5 a1 Sam.
14:50, 51;
6 a1 Chr. 2:16
b2 Sam. 2:13
cJudg. 7:10, 11
d2 Sam. 2:18,
8 a1 Sam. 24:4
1Or one time
9 a1 Sam. 24:6,
7; 2 Sam. 1:14,
10 a[Deut.
32:35]; 1 Sam.
25:26, 38;
[Luke 18:7;
Rom. 12:19;
Heb. 10:30] bGen. 47:29;
Deut. 31:14;
[Job 7:1; 14:5];
Ps. 37:13
c1 Sam. 31:6
11 a1 Sam.
[Rom. 12:17,
19] 12 aGen. 2:21;
15:12; Is.
17 a1 Sam.
18 a1 Sam.
24:9, 11–14
19 a2 Sam.
16:11; 24:1
bDeut. 4:27, 28
c2 Sam. 14:16;
20 a1 Sam.
21 aEx. 9:27;
1 Sam. 15:24,
30; 24:17;
2 Sam. 12:13
23 a1 Sam.
24:19; Ps. 7:8;
18:20; 62:12
b2 Sam. 22:21
25 aGen. 32:28;
1 Sam. 24:20

1 SAMUEL 26:25

13 Now David went over to the other side, and stood on the top of a hill afar off, a great distance being between them.
14 And David called out to the people and to Abner the son of Ner, saying, “Do you not answer, Abner?” Then Abner answered and said, “Who are you, calling out to the king?”
15 So David said to Abner, “Are you not a man? And who is like you in Israel? Why then have you not guarded your lord the king? For one of the people came in to destroy your lord the king.
16 “This thing that you have done is not good. As the LORD lives, you deserve to die, because you have not guarded your master, the LORD’s anointed. And now see where the king’s spear is, and the jug of water that was by his head.”
17 Then Saul knew David’s voice, and said, a“Is that your voice, my son David?” David said, “It is my voice, my lord, O king.”
18 And he said, a“Why does my lord thus pursue his servant? For what have I done, or what evil is in my hand?
19 “Now therefore, please, let my lord the king hear the words of his servant: If the LORD has astirred you up against me, let Him accept an offering. But if it is the children of men, may they be cursed before the LORD, bfor they have driven me out this day from sharing in the cinheritance of the LORD, saying, ‘Go, serve other gods.’
20 “So now, do not let my blood fall to the earth before the face of the LORD. For the king of Israel has come out to seek aa flea, as when one hunts a partridge in the mountains.”
21 Then Saul said, a“I have sinned. Return, my son David. For I will harm you no more, because my life was precious in your eyes this day. Indeed I have played the fool and erred exceedingly.”
22 And David answered and said, “Here is the king’s spear. Let one of the young men come over and get it.
23 a“May the LORD brepay every man for his righteousness and his faithfulness; for the LORD delivered you into my hand today, but I would not stretch out my hand against the LORD’s anointed.
24 “And indeed, as your life was valued much this day in my eyes, so let my life be valued much in the eyes of the LORD, and let Him deliver me out of all tribulation.”
25 Then Saul said to David, “May you be blessed, my son David! You shall both do great things and also still aprevail.” So David went on his way, and Saul returned to his place.

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1 SAMUEL 27:1

David Allied with the Philistines


1 And David said in his heart, “Now I shall perish someday by the hand of Saul. There is nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape to the land of the Philistines; and Saul will 1despair of me, to seek me anymore in any part of Israel. So I shall escape out of his hand.”
2 Then David arose aand went over with the six hundred men who were with him bto Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.
3 So David dwelt with Achish at Gath, he and his men, each man with his household, and David awith his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal’s widow.
4 And it was told Saul that David had fled to Gath; so he sought him no more.
5 Then David said to Achish, “If I have now found favor in your eyes, let them give me a place in some town in the country, that I may dwell there. For why should your servant dwell in the royal city with you?”
6 So Achish gave him Ziklag that day. Therefore aZiklag has belonged to the kings of Judah to this day.
7 Now 1the time that David adwelt in the country of the Philistines was one full year and four months.
8 And David and his men went up and raided athe Geshurites, bthe 1Girzites, and the cAmalekites. For those nations were the inhabitants of the land from 2of old, das you go to Shur, even as far as the land of Egypt.
9 Whenever David 1attacked the land, he left neither man nor woman alive, but took away the sheep, the oxen, the donkeys, the camels, and the apparel, and returned and came to Achish.
10 Then Achish would say, “Where have you made a raid today?” And David would say, “Against the southern area of Judah, or against the southern area of athe Jerahmeelites, or against the southern area of bthe Kenites.”
11 David would save neither man nor woman alive, to bring news to Gath, saying, “Lest they should inform on us, saying, ‘Thus David did.’ ” And thus was his behavior all the time he dwelt in the country of the Philistines.
12 So Achish believed David, saying, “He has made his people Israel utterly abhor him; therefore he will be my servant forever.”

CHAPTER 27 References

1 1despair of
searching for
2 a1 Sam.
25:13 b1 Sam.
21:10; 1 Kin.
3 a1 Sam.
25:42, 43
6 aJosh. 15:31;
19:5; 1 Chr.
12:1; Neh.
7 a1 Sam. 29:3
1Lit. the number
of days
8 aJosh. 13:2,
13 bJosh.
16:10; Judg.
1:29 cEx. 17:8,
16; 1 Sam.
15:7, 8 dGen.
25:18; Ex.
15:22 1Or
9 1Lit. struck
10 a1 Chr. 2:9,
25 bJudg. 1:16

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Prayer that the LORD Will Restore Favor to the Land

To the Chief Musician. A Psalm aof the sons of Korah.

1 LORD,You have been favorable to Your land; You have abrought back the captivity of Jacob.
2 You have forgiven the iniquity of Your people; You have covered all their sin. Selah

3 You have taken away all Your wrath; You have turned from the fierceness of Your anger.

4 aRestore us, O God of our salvation, And cause Your anger toward us to cease.
5 aWill You be angry with us forever? Will You prolong Your anger to all generations?
6 Will You not arevive us again, That Your people may rejoice in You?
7 Show us Your mercy, LORD, And grant us Your salvation.

PSALM 85 References

title aPs. 42:
1 aEzra
1:11—2:1; Ps.
14:7; Jer.
30:18; 31:23;
Ezek. 39:25;
Hos. 6:11;
Joel 3:1
4 aPs. 80:3, 7
5 aPs. 79:5
6 aHab. 3:2
8 1foolishness
9 aIs. 46:13
bHag. 2:7;
Zech. 2:5;
[John 1:14] 10 aPs. 72:3;
[Is. 32:17];
Luke 2:14
12 a[Ps. 84:11;
James 1:17]

8 I will hear what God the LORD will speak, For He will speak peace To His people and to His saints; But let them not turn back to 1folly.
9 Surely aHis salvation is near to those who fear Him, bThat glory may dwell in our land.

10 Mercy and truth have met together; aRighteousness and peace have kissed.
11 Truth shall spring out of the earth, And righteousness shall look down from heaven.
12 aYes, the LORD will give what is good; And our land will yield its increase.
13 Righteousness will go before Him, And shall make His footsteps our pathway.




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