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Rise & Fall of Israel’s Kingdom

(Category 7 of 16)

page 287

19

1 And Joab was told, “Behold, the king is weeping and amourning for Absalom.”
2 So the victory that day was turned into amourning for all the people. For the people heard it said that day, “The king is grieved for his son.”
3 And the people 1stole back ainto the city that day, as people who are ashamed steal away when they flee in battle.
4 But the king acovered his face, and the king cried out with a loud voice, b“O my son Absalom! O Absalom, my son, my son!”
5 Then aJoab came into the house to the king, and said, “Today you have disgraced all your servants who today have saved your life, the lives of your sons and daughters, the

CHAPTER 19 References

1 aJer. 14:2
2 aEsth. 4:3
3 a2 Sam.
17:24, 27;
19:32 1went
by stealth
4 a2 Sam.
15:30 b2 Sam.
18:33
5 a2 Sam.
18:14
6 1have no
respect for
7 1Lit. to the
heart of
8 a2 Sam. 15:2;
18:24 b2 Sam.
18:17
9 a2 Sam.
8:1–14
b2 Sam. 3:18
c2 Sam. 15:14
11 a2 Sam.
15:24
12 a2 Sam. 5:1;
1 Chr. 11:1
13 a2 Sam.
17:25; 1 Chr.
2:17 bRuth
1:17 1permanently
14 aJudg. 20:1
15 aJosh. 5:9;
1 Sam. 11:14,
15 b2 Sam.
17:22
16 a2 Sam.
16:5; 1 Kin.
2:8
17 a2 Sam.
3:19; 1 Kin.
12:21 b2 Sam.
9:2, 10; 16:1, 2

2 SAMUEL 19:18

lives of your wives and the lives of your concubines,
6 “in that you love your enemies and hate your friends. For you have declared today that you 1regard neither princes nor servants; for today I perceive that if Absalom had lived and all of us had died today, then it would have pleased you well.
7 “Now therefore, arise, go out and speak 1comfort to your servants. For I swear by the LORD, if you do not go out, not one will stay with you this night. And that will be worse for you than all the evil that has befallen you from your youth until now.”
8 Then the king arose and sat in the agate. And they told all the people, saying, “There is the king, sitting in the gate.” So all the people came before the king. For everyone of Israel had bfled to his tent.

David Returns to Jerusalem

9 Now all the people were in a dispute throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, “The king saved us from the hand of our aenemies, he delivered us from the hand of the bPhilistines, and now he has cfled from the land because of Absalom.
10 “But Absalom, whom we anointed over us, has died in battle. Now therefore,why do you say nothing about bringing back the king?”
11 So King David sent to aZadok and Abiathar the priests, saying, “Speak to the elders of Judah, saying, ‘Why are you the last to bring the king back to his house, since the words of all Israel have come to the king, to his very house?
12 ‘You are my brethren, you are amy bone and my flesh.Why then are you the last to bring back the king?’
13 a“And say to Amasa, ‘Are you not my bone and my flesh? bGod do so to me, and more also, if you are not commander of the army before me 1continually in place of Joab.’ ”
14 So he swayed the hearts of all the men of Judah, ajust as the heart of one man, so that they sent this word to the king: “Return, you and all your servants!”
15 Then the king returned and came to the Jordan. And Judah came to aGilgal, to go to meet the king, to escort the king bacross the Jordan.
16 And aShimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite, who was from Bahurim, hurried and came down with the men of Judah to meet King David.
17 There were a thousand men of aBenjamin with him, and bZiba the servant of the house of Saul, and his fifteen sons and his twenty servants with him; and they went over the Jordan before the king.
18 Then a ferryboat went across to carry over the king’s household, and to do what he thought good.

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2 SAMUEL 19:19

David’s Mercy to Shimei

Now Shimei the son of Gera fell down before the king when he had crossed the Jordan.
19 Then he said to the king, a“Do not let my lord 1impute iniquity to me, or remember what bwrong your servant did on the day that my lord the king left Jerusalem, that the king should ctake it to heart.
20 “For I, your servant, know that I have sinned. Therefore here I am, the first to come today of all athe house of Joseph to go down to meet my lord the king.”
21 But Abishai the son of Zeruiah answered and said, “Shall not Shimei be put to death for this, abecause he bcursed the LORD’s anointed?”
22 And David said, a“What have I to do with you, you sons of Zeruiah, that you should be adversaries to me today? bShall any man be put to death today in Israel? For do I not know that today I am king over Israel?”
23 Therefore athe king said to Shimei, “You shall not die.” And the king swore to him.

David and Mephibosheth Meet

24 Now aMephibosheth the son of Saul came down to meet the king. And he had not cared for his feet, nor trimmed his mustache, nor washed his clothes, from the day the king departed until the day he returned in peace.
25 So it was, when he had come to Jerusalem to meet the king, that the king said to him, a“Why did you not go with me, Mephibosheth?”
26 And he answered, “My lord, O king, my servant deceived me. For your servant said, ‘I will saddle a donkey for myself, that I may ride on it and go to the king,’ because your servant is lame.
27 “And ahe has slandered your servant to my lord the king, bbut my lord the king is like the angel of God. Therefore do what is good in your eyes.
28 “For all my father’s house were but dead men before my lord the king. aYet you set your servant among those who eat at your own table. Therefore what right have I still to 1cry out anymore to the king?”
29 So the king said to him, “Why do you speak anymore of your matters? I have said, ‘You and Ziba divide the land.’ ”
30 Then Mephibosheth said to the king, “Rather, let him take it all, inasmuch as my lord the king has come back in peace to his own house.”

David’s Kindness to Barzillai

31 And aBarzillai the Gileadite came down from Rogelim and went

19 a1 Sam.
22:15 b2 Sam.
16:5, 6
c2 Sam. 13:33
1charge me
with iniquity
20 aJudg. 1:22;
1 Kin. 11:28
21 a[Ex. 22:28] b[1 Sam. 26:9] 22 a2 Sam.
3:39; 16:10
b1 Sam. 11:13
23 a1 Kin. 2:8,
9, 37, 46
24 a2 Sam. 9:6;
21:7
25 a2 Sam.
16:17
27 a2 Sam.
16:3, 4
b2 Sam. 14:17,
20
28 a2 Sam.
9:7–13 1complain
31 a2 Sam.
17:27–29;
1 Kin. 2:7
32 a2 Sam.
17:27–29
35 aPs. 90:10
37 a2 Sam.
19:40; Jer.
41:17
39 aGen. 31:55;
Ruth 1:14;
2 Sam. 14:33
40 1MT
Chimhan
41 a2 Sam.
19:15
42 a2 Sam.
19:12
43 a1 Kin.
11:30, 31
bJudg. 8:1;
12:1

across the Jordan with the king, to escort him across the Jordan.
32 Now Barzillai was a very aged man, eighty years old. And ahe had provided the king with supplies while he stayed at Mahanaim, for he was a very rich man.
33 And the king said to Barzillai, “Come across with me, and I will provide for you while you are with me in Jerusalem.”
34 But Barzillai said to the king, “How long have I to live, that I should go up with the king to Jerusalem?
35 “I am today aeighty years old. Can I discern between the good and bad? Can your servant taste what I eat or what I drink? Can I hear any longer the voice of singing men and singing women? Why then should your servant be a further burden to my lord the king?
36 “Your servant will go a little way across the Jordan with the king. And why should the king repay me with such a reward?
37 “Please let your servant turn back again, that I may die in my own city, near the grave of my father and mother. But here is your servant aChimham; let him cross over with my lord the king, and do for him what seems good to you.”
38 And the king answered, “Chimham shall cross over with me, and I will do for him what seems good to you. Now whatever you request of me, I will do for you.”
39 Then all the people went over the Jordan. And when the king had crossed over, the king akissed Barzillai and blessed him, and he returned to his own place.

The Quarrel About the King

40 Now the king went on to Gilgal, and 1Chimham went on with him. And all the people of Judah escorted the king, and also half the people of Israel.
41 Just then all the men of Israel came to the king, and said to the king, “Why have our brethren, the men of Judah, stolen you away and abrought the king, his household, and all David’s men with him across the Jordan?”
42 So all the men of Judah answered the men of Israel, “Because the king is aa close relative of ours. Why then are you angry over this matter? Have we ever eaten at the king’s expense? Or has he given us any gift?”
43 And the men of Israel answered the men of Judah, and said, “We have aten shares in the king; therefore we also have more right to David than you. Why then do you despise us—were we not the first to advise bringing back our king?” Yet bthe words of the men of Judah were

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1fiercer than the words of the men of Israel.

The Rebellion of Sheba

20

1 And there happened to be there a 1rebel, whose name was Sheba the son of Bichri, a Benjamite. And he blew a trumpet, and said:

a“We have no share in David, Nor do we have inheritance in the son of Jesse; bEvery man to his tents, O Israel!”

2 So every man of Israel deserted David, and followed Sheba the son of Bichri. But the amen of Judah, from the Jordan as far as Jerusalem, remained loyal to their king.
3 Now David came to his house at Jerusalem. And the king took the ten women, ahis concubines whom he had left to keep the house, and put them in seclusion and supported them, but did not go in to them. So they were shut up to the day of their death, living in widowhood.
4 And the king said to Amasa, a“Assemble the men of Judah for me within three days, and be present here yourself.”
5 So Amasa went to assemble the men of Judah. But he delayed longer than the set time which David had appointed him.
6 And David said to aAbishai, “Now Sheba the son of Bichri will do us more harm than Absalom. Take byour lord’s servants and pursue him, lest he find for himself fortified cities, and escape us.”
7 So Joab’s men, with the aCherethites, the Pelethites, and ball the mighty men, went out after him. And they went out of Jerusalem to pursue Sheba the son of Bichri.
8 When they were at the large stone which is in Gibeon, Amasa came before them. Now Joab was dressed in battle armor; on it was a belt with a sword fastened in its sheath at his hips; and as he was going forward, it fell out.
9 Then Joab said to Amasa, “Are you in health, my brother?” aAnd Joab took Amasa by the beard with his right hand to kiss him.
10 But Amasa did not notice the sword that was in Joab’s hand. And ahe struck him with it bin the stomach, and his entrails poured out on the ground; and he did not strike him again. Thus he died. Then Joab and Abishai his brother pursued Sheba the son of Bichri.
11 Meanwhile one of Joab’s men stood near Amasa, and said, “Whoever favors Joab and whoever is for David—follow Joab!”
12 But Amasa wallowed in his blood in the middle of the highway.

43 1harsher

CHAPTER 20 References

1 a2 Sam.
19:43; 1 Kin.
12:16 b1 Sam.
13:2; 2 Sam.
18:17; 2 Chr.
10:16 1Lit.
man of Belial
2 a2 Sam.
19:14
3 a2 Sam.
15:16; 16:21,
22
4 a2 Sam.
17:25; 19:13
6 a2 Sam.
21:17 b2 Sam.
11:11; 1 Kin.
1:33
7 a2 Sam. 8:18;
1 Kin. 1:38, 44
b2 Sam. 15:18
9 aMatt. 26:49;
Luke 22:47
10 a2 Sam.
3:27; 1 Kin.
2:5 b2 Sam.
2:23
14 a1 Kin.
15:20; 2 Kin.
15:29; 2 Chr.
16:4 1Lit. him
15 a2 Kin.
19:32; Ezek.
4:2
19 a1 Sam.
26:19; 2 Sam.
14:16; 21:3
22 a2 Sam.
20:16; [Eccl.
9:13–16] 23 a2 Sam.
8:16–18;
1 Kin. 4:3–6
24 a1 Kin. 4:6
b2 Sam. 8:16;
1 Kin. 4:3
25 a2 Sam.
8:17; 1 Kin.
4:4

2 SAMUEL 20:25

And when the man saw that all the people stood still, he moved Amasa from the highway to the field and threw a garment over him, when he saw that everyone who came upon him halted.
13 When he was removed from the highway, all the people went on after Joab to pursue Sheba the son of Bichri.
14 And he went through all the tribes of Israel to aAbel and Beth Maachah and all the Berites. So they were gathered together and also went after 1Sheba.
15 Then they came and besieged him in Abel of Beth Maachah; and they acast up a siege mound against the city, and it stood by the rampart. And all the people who were with Joab battered the wall to throw it down.
16 Then a wise woman cried out from the city, “Hear, hear! Please say to Joab, ‘Come nearby, that I may speak with you.’ ”
17 When he had come near to her, the woman said, “Are you Joab?” He answered, “I am.” Then she said to him, “Hear the words of your maidservant.” And he answered, “I am listening.”
18 So she spoke, saying, “They used to talk in former times, saying, ‘They shall surely seek guidance at Abel,’ and so they would end disputes.
19 “I am among the peaceable and faithful in Israel.You seek to destroy a city and a mother in Israel. Why would you swallow up athe inheritance of the LORD?”
20 And Joab answered and said, “Far be it, far be it from me, that I should swallow up or destroy!
21 “That is not so. But a man from the mountains of Ephraim, Sheba the son of Bichri by name, has raised his hand against the king, against David. Deliver him only, and I will depart from the city.” So the woman said to Joab, “Watch, his head will be thrown to you over the wall.”
22 Then the woman ain her wisdom went to all the people. And they cut off the head of Sheba the son of Bichri, and threw it out to Joab. Then he blew a trumpet, and they withdrew from the city, every man to his tent. So Joab returned to the king at Jerusalem.

David’s Government Officers

23 And aJoab was over all the army of Israel; Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites;
24 Adoram was ain charge of revenue; bJehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;
25 Sheva was scribe; aZadok and Abiathar were the priests;

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2 SAMUEL 20:26

26 aand Ira the Jairite was 1a chief minister under David.

David Avenges the Gibeonites

21

1 Now there was a famine in the days of David for three years, year after year; and David ainquired of the LORD. And the LORD answered, “It is because of Saul and his 1bloodthirsty house, because he killed the Gibeonites.”
2 So the king called the Gibeonites and spoke to them. Now the Gibeonites were not of the children of Israel, but aof the remnant of the Amorites; the children of Israel had sworn protection to them, but Saul had sought to kill them bin his zeal for the children of Israel and Judah.
3 Therefore David said to the Gibeonites, “What shall I do for you? And with what shall I make atonement, that you may bless athe inheritance of the LORD?”
4 And the Gibeonites said to him, “We will have no silver or gold from Saul or from his house, nor shall you kill any man in Israel for us.” So he said, “Whatever you say, I will do for you.”
5 Then they answered the king, “As for the man who consumed us and plotted against us, that we should be destroyed from remaining in any of the territories of Israel,
6 “let seven men of his descendants be delivered ato us, and we will hang them before the LORD bin Gibeah of Saul, cwhom the LORD chose.” And the king said, “I will give them.”
7 But the king spared aMephibosheth the son of Jonathan, the son of Saul, because of bthe LORD’s oath that was between them, between David and Jonathan the son of Saul.
8 So the king took Armoni and Mephibosheth, the two sons of aRizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bore to Saul, and the five sons of 1Michal the daughter of Saul, whom she 2brought up for Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite;
9 and he delivered them into the hands of the Gibeonites, and they hanged them on the hill abefore the LORD. So they fell, all seven together, and were put to death in the days of harvest, in the first days, in the beginning of barley harvest.
10 Now aRizpah the daughter of Aiah took sackcloth and spread it for herself on the rock, bfrom the beginning of harvest until the late rains poured on them from heaven. And she did not allow the birds of the air to rest on them by day nor the beasts of the field by night.
11 And David was told what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done.
12 Then David went and took the

26 a2 Sam.
8:18 1Or
David’s priest

CHAPTER 21 References

1 aNum. 27:21;
2 Sam. 5:19
1Lit. house of
bloodshed
2 aJosh. 9:3,
15–20 b[Ex.
34:11–16] 3 a1 Sam.
26:19; 2 Sam.
20:19
6 aNum. 25:4
b1 Sam. 10:26
c1 Sam. 10:24;
[Hos. 13:11] 7 a2 Sam. 4:4;
9:10 b1 Sam.
18:3; 20:12–17;
23:18; 2 Sam.
9:1–7
8 a2 Sam. 3:7
1Merab,
1 Sam. 18:19;
25:44; 2 Sam.
3:14; 6:23 2Lit.
bore to Adriel
9 a2 Sam. 6:17
10 a2 Sam. 3:7;
21:8 bDeut.
21:23
12 a1 Sam.
31:11–13
b1 Sam. 31:8
1Beth Shean,
Josh. 17:11
14 aJosh. 18:28
bJosh. 7:26;
2 Sam. 24:25
16 aNum.
13:22, 28;
Josh. 15:14;
2 Sam.
21:18–22 1Or
Rapha
17 a2 Sam.
20:6–10
b2 Sam. 18:3
c2 Sam. 22:29;
1 Kin. 11:36
18 a1 Chr.
20:4–8 b1 Chr.
11:29; 27:11
1Sippai, 1 Chr.
20:4 2Or
Rapha
19 a2 Sam.
23:24 b1 Sam.
17:4; 1 Chr.
20:5 1Jair,
1 Chr. 20:5
20 a1 Chr. 20:6
1Or Rapha
21 a1 Sam.
17:10
1Shammah,
1 Sam. 16:9
and elsewhere
22 a1 Chr. 20:8
1Or Rapha

bones of Saul, and the bones of Jonathan his son, from the men of aJabesh Gilead who had stolen them from the street of 1Beth Shan, where the bPhilistines had hung them up, after the Philistines had struck down Saul in Gilboa.
13 So he brought up the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son from there; and they gathered the bones of those who had been hanged.
14 They buried the bones of Saul and Jonathan his son in the country of Benjamin in aZelah, in the tomb of Kish his father. So they performed all that the king commanded. And after that bGod heeded the prayer for the land.

Philistine Giants Destroyed

15 When the Philistines were at war again with Israel, David and his servants with him went down and fought against the Philistines; and David grew faint.
16 Then Ishbi-Benob, who was one of the sons of 1the agiant, the weight of whose bronze spear was three hundred shekels, who was bearing a new sword, thought he could kill David.
17 But aAbishai the son of Zeruiah came to his aid, and struck the Philistine and killed him. Then the men of David swore to him, saying, b“You shall go out no more with us to battle, lest you quench the clamp of Israel.”
18 aNow it happened afterward that there was again a battle with the Philistines at Gob. Then bSibbechai the Hushathite killed 1Saph, who was one of the sons of 2the giant.
19 Again there was war at Gob with the Philistines,where aElhanan the son of 1Jaare-Oregim the Bethlehemite killed bthe brother of Goliath the Gittite, the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver’s beam.
20 Yet again athere was war at Gath, where there was a man of great stature, who had six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot, twenty-four in number; and he also was born to 1the giant.
21 So when he adefied Israel, Jonathan the son of 1Shimea, David’s brother, killed him.
22 aThese four were born to 1the giant in Gath, and fell by the hand of David and by the hand of his servants.

page 523

PSALM 92

Praise to the LORD for His Love and Faithfulness

A Psalm. A Song for the Sabbath day.

1 IT is agood to give thanks to the LORD, And to sing praises to Your name, O Most High;
2 To adeclare Your lovingkindness in the morning, And Your faithfulness every night,
3 aOn an instrument of ten strings, On the lute, And on the harp, With harmonious sound.
4 For You, LORD, have made me glad through Your work; I will triumph in the works of Your hands.

5 aO LORD, how great are Your works! bYour thoughts are very deep.
6 aA senseless man does not know, Nor does a fool understand this.
7 When athe wicked 1spring up like grass, And when all the workers of iniquity flourish, It is that they may be destroyed forever.

PSALM 92 References

1 aPs. 147:1
2 aPs. 89:1
3 a1 Chr. 23:5
5 aPs. 40:5;
[Rev. 15:3] bPs. 139:17,
18; [Is. 28:29;
Rom. 11:33,
34] 6 aPs. 73:22
7 aJob 12:6;
Ps. 37:1, 2;
Jer. 12:1, 2;
[Mal. 3:15] 1sprout
8 a[Ps. 83:18] 9 aPs. 68:1
10 aPs. 89:17
bPs. 23:5
1Strength
11 aPs. 54:7
12 aNum. 24:6;
Ps. 52:8; Jer.
17:8; Hos.
14:5, 6
14 1Full of oil
or sap, lit. fat
2green
15 a[Deut.
32:4] b[Rom.
9:14]

8 aBut You, LORD, are on high forevermore.
9 For behold,Your enemies, O LORD, For behold,Your enemies shall perish; All the workers of iniquity shall abe scattered.

10 But amy 1horn You have exalted like a wild ox; I have been banointed with fresh oil.
11 aMy eye also has seen my desire on my enemies; My ears hear my desire on the wicked Who rise up against me.

12 aThe righteous shall flourish like a palm tree, He shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon.
13 Those who are planted in the house of the LORD Shall flourish in the courts of our God.
14 They shall still bear fruit in old age; They shall be 1fresh and 2flourishing,
15 To declare that the LORD is upright; aHe is my rock, and bthere is no unrighteousness in Him.

 
 

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