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Rise & Fall of Israel’s Kingdom

(Category 7 of 16)

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Elijah Proclaims a Drought


1 And Elijah the Tishbite, of the ainhabitants of Gilead, said to Ahab, b“As the LORD God of Israel lives, cbefore whom I stand, dthere shall not be dew nor rain ethese years, except at my word.”
2 Then the word of the LORD came to him, saying,
3 “Get away from here and turn eastward, and hide by the Brook Cherith, which flows into the Jordan.
4 “And it will be that you shall drink from the brook, and I have commanded the aravens to feed you there.”
5 So he went and did according to the word of the LORD, for he went

CHAPTER 17 References

1 aJudg. 12:4
b1 Kin. 18:10;
22:14; 2 Kin.
3:14; 5:20
cDeut. 10:8
d1 Kin. 18:1;
James 5:17
eLuke 4:25
4 aJob 38:41
9 aObad. 20;
Luke 4:25, 26
b2 Sam. 24:6
12 aDeut.
28:23, 24 1Lit.
pitcher or
water jar
17 1severe 2He
18 aLuke 5:8

and stayed by the Brook Cherith, which flows into the Jordan.
6 The ravens brought him bread and meat in the morning, and bread and meat in the evening; and he drank from the brook.
7 And it happened after a while that the brook dried up, because there had been no rain in the land.

Elijah and the Widow

8 Then the word of the LORD came to him, saying,
9 “Arise, go to aZarephath, which belongs to bSidon, and dwell there. See, I have commanded a widow there to provide for you.”
10 So he arose and went to Zarephath. And when he came to the gate of the city, indeed a widow was there gathering sticks. And he called to her and said, “Please bring me a little water in a cup, that I may drink.”
11 And as she was going to get it, he called to her and said, “Please bring me a morsel of bread in your hand.”
12 So she said, “As the LORD your God lives, I do not have bread, only a handful of flour in a bin, and a little oil in a 1jar; and see, I am gathering a couple of sticks that I may go in and prepare it for myself and my son, that we may eat it, and adie.”
13 And Elijah said to her, “Do not fear; go and do as you have said, but make me a small cake from it first, and bring it to me; and afterward make some for yourself and your son.
14 “For thus says the LORD God of Israel: ‘The bin of flour shall not be used up, nor shall the jar of oil run dry, until the day the LORD sends rain on the earth.’ ”
15 So she went away and did according to the word of Elijah; and she and he and her household ate for many days.
16 The bin of flour was not used up, nor did the jar of oil run dry, according to the word of the LORD which He spoke by Elijah.

Elijah Revives the Widow’s Son

17 Now it happened after these things that the son of the woman who owned the house became sick. And his sickness was so 1serious that 2there was no breath left in him.
18 So she said to Elijah, a“What have I to do with you, O man of God? Have you come to me to bring my sin to remembrance, and to kill my son?”
19 And he said to her, “Give me your son.” So he took him out of her arms and carried him to the upper room where he was staying, and laid him on his own bed.
20 Then he cried out to the LORD and said, “O LORD my God, have You also brought tragedy on the widow

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with whom I lodge, by killing her son?”
21 aAnd he stretched himself out on the child three times, and cried out to the LORD and said, “O LORD my God, I pray, let this child’s soul come back to him.”
22 Then the LORD heard the voice of Elijah; and the soul of the child came back to him, and he arevived.
23 And Elijah took the child and brought him down from the upper room into the house, and gave him to his mother. And Elijah said, “See, your son lives!”
24 Then the woman said to Elijah, “Now by this aI know that you are a man of God, and that the word of the LORD in your mouth is the truth.”

Elijah’s Message to Ahab


1 And it came to pass after amany days that the word of the LORD came to Elijah, in the third year, saying, “Go, present yourself to Ahab, and bI will send rain on the earth.”
2 So Elijah went to present himself to Ahab; and there was a severe famine in Samaria.
3 And Ahab had called Obadiah, who was 1in charge of his house. (Now Obadiah feared the LORD greatly.
4 For so it was, while Jezebel 1massacred the prophets of the LORD, that Obadiah had taken one hundred prophets and hidden them, fifty to a cave, and had fed them with bread and water.)
5 And Ahab had said to Obadiah, “Go into the land to all the springs of water and to all the brooks; perhaps we may find grass to keep the horses and mules alive, so that we will not have to kill any livestock.”
6 So they divided the land between them to explore it; Ahab went one way by himself, and Obadiah went another way by himself.
7 Now as Obadiah was on his way, suddenly Elijah met him; and he arecognized him, and fell on his face, and said, “Is that you, my lord Elijah?”
8 And he answered him, “It is I. Go, tell your master, ‘Elijah is here.’ ”
9 So he said, “How have I sinned, that you are delivering your servant into the hand of Ahab, to kill me?
10 “As the LORD your God lives, there is no nation or kingdom where my master has not sent someone to hunt for you; and when they said, ‘He is not here,’ he took an oath from the kingdom or nation that they could not find you.
11 “And now you say, ‘Go, tell your master, “Elijah is here” ’!
12 “And it shall come to pass, as soon as I am gone from you, that athe Spirit of the LORD will carry you

21 a2 Kin. 4:34,
35; Acts 20:10
22 aLuke 7:14,
15; Heb. 11:35
24 aJohn 2:11;
3:2; 16:30

CHAPTER 18 References

1 a1 Kin. 17:1;
Luke 4:25;
James 5:17
bDeut. 28:12
3 1Lit. over
the house
4 1Lit. cut off
7 a2 Kin. 1:6–8
12 a2 Kin. 2:16;
Ezek. 3:12, 14;
Matt. 4:1; Acts
17 a1 Kin.
21:20 bJosh.
7:25; Acts
18 a1 Kin.
[2 Chr. 15:2] 19 aJosh.
19:26; 2 Kin.
2:25 b1 Kin.
16:33 1A
goddess 2Are
provided for
by Jezebel
20 a1 Kin. 22:6
21 a2 Kin.
17:41; [Matt.
6:24] bJosh.
22 a1 Kin.
19:10, 14
b1 Kin. 18:19
24 a1 Kin.
18:38; 1 Chr.
21:26 1Lit. The
word is good

1 KINGS 18:26

to a place I do not know; so when I go and tell Ahab, and he cannot find you, he will kill me. But I your servant have feared the LORD from my youth.
13 “Was it not reported to my lord what I did when Jezebel killed the prophets of the LORD, how I hid one hundred men of the LORD’s prophets, fifty to a cave, and fed them with bread and water?
14 “And now you say, ‘Go, tell your master, “Elijah is here.” ’ He will kill me!”
15 Then Elijah said, “As the LORD of hosts lives, before whom I stand, I will surely present myself to him today.”
16 So Obadiah went to meet Ahab, and told him; and Ahab went to meet Elijah.
17 Then it happened, when Ahab saw Elijah, that Ahab said to him, a“Is that you, O btroubler of Israel?”
18 And he answered, “I have not troubled Israel, but you and your father’s house have, ain that you have forsaken the commandments of the LORD and have followed the Baals.
19 “Now therefore, send and gather all Israel to me on aMount Carmel, the four hundred and fifty prophets of Baal, band the four hundred prophets of 1Asherah, who 2eat at Jezebel’s table.”

Elijah’s Mount Carmel Victory

20 So Ahab sent for all the children of Israel, and agathered the prophets together on Mount Carmel.
21 And Elijah came to all the people, and said, a“How long will you falter between two opinions? If the LORD is God, follow Him; but if Baal, bfollow him.” But the people answered him not a word.
22 Then Elijah said to the people, a“I alone am left a prophet of the LORD; bbut Baal’s prophets are four hundred and fifty men.
23 “Therefore let them give us two bulls; and let them choose one bull for themselves, cut it in pieces, and lay it on the wood, but put no fire under it; and I will prepare the other bull, and lay it on the wood, but put no fire under it.
24 “Then you call on the name of your gods, and I will call on the name of the LORD; and the God who aanswers by fire, He is God.” So all the people answered and said, 1“It is well spoken.”
25 Now Elijah said to the prophets of Baal, “Choose one bull for yourselves and prepare it first, for you are many; and call on the name of your god, but put no fire under it.”
26 So they took the bull which was given them, and they prepared it, and called on the name of Baal from morning even till noon, saying, “O

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1 KINGS 18:27

Baal, 1hear us!” But there was ano voice; no one answered. Then they 2leaped about the altar which they had made.
27 And so it was, at noon, that Elijah mocked them and said, “Cry 1aloud, for he is a god; either he is meditating, or he is busy, or he is on a journey, or perhaps he is sleeping and must be awakened.”
28 So they cried aloud, and acut themselves, as was their custom, with 1knives and lances, until the blood gushed out on them.
29 And when midday was past, athey prophesied until the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice. But there was bno voice; no one answered, no one paid attention.
30 Then Elijah said to all the people, “Come near to me.” So all the people came near to him. aAnd he repaired the altar of the LORD that was broken down.
31 And Elijah took twelve stones, according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob, to whom the word of the LORD had come, saying, a“Israel shall be your name.”
32 Then with the stones he built an altar ain the name of the LORD; and he made a trench around the altar large enough to hold two seahs of seed.
33 And he aput the wood in order, cut the bull in pieces, and laid it on the wood, and said, “Fill four waterpots with water, and bpour it on the burnt sacrifice and on the wood.”
34 Then he said, “Do it a second time,” and they did it a second time; and he said, “Do it a third time,” and they did it a third time.
35 So the water ran all around the altar; and he also filled athe trench with water.
36 And it came to pass, at the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice, that Elijah the prophet came near and said, “LORD aGod of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, blet it be known this day that You are God in Israel and I am Your servant, and that cI have done all these things at Your word.
37 “Hear me, O LORD, hear me, that this people may know that You are the LORD God, and that You have turned their hearts back to You again.”
38 Then athe fire of the LORD fell and consumed the burnt sacrifice, and the wood and the stones and the dust, and it licked up the water that was in the trench.
39 Now when all the people saw it, they fell on their faces; and they said, a“The LORD, He is God! The LORD, He is God!”
40 And Elijah said to them, a“Seize the prophets of Baal! Do not let one of them escape!” So they seized them; and Elijah brought them down

26 aPs. 115:5;
Jer. 10:5;
[1 Cor. 8:4] 1answer 2Lit.
limped about,
leaped in
27 1with a
loud voice
28 a[Lev. 19:28;
Deut. 14:1] 1swords
29 aEx. 29:39,
41 b1 Kin.
30 a1 Kin.
19:10, 14;
2 Chr. 33:16
31 aGen. 32:28;
35:10; 2 Kin.
32 a[Ex. 20:25;
Col. 3:17] 33 aGen. 22:9;
Lev. 1:6–8
bJudg. 6:20
35 a1 Kin.
18:32, 38
36 aGen. 28:13;
Ex. 3:6; 4:5;
[Matt. 22:32] b1 Kin. 8:43;
2 Kin. 19:19
cNum. 16:28
38 aGen. 15:17;
Lev. 9:24;
10:1, 2; Judg.
6:21; 2 Kin.
1:12; 1 Chr.
21:26; 2 Chr.
7:1; Job 1:16
39 a1 Kin.
18:21, 24
40 a2 Kin.
10:25 bJudg.
4:7; 5:21
c[Deut. 13:5;
18:20] 42 aJames
5:17, 18
44 1Lit. Bind
or Harness
46 a2 Kin. 3:15;
Is. 8:11; Ezek.
3:14 b2 Kin.
4:29; 9:1; Jer.
1:17; 1 Pet.
1:13 1Tucked
the skirts of
his robe in his
belt in preparation
quick travel

CHAPTER 19 References

1 a1 Kin. 18:40
2 aRuth 1:17;
1 Kin. 20:10;
2 Kin. 6:31
4 aNum. 11:15;
Jer. 20:14–18;
Jon. 4:3, 8
6 1hot stones
8 aEx. 24:18;
34:28; Deut.
9:9–11, 18;
Matt. 4:2 bEx.
3:1; 4:27

to the Brook bKishon and cexecuted them there.

The Drought Ends

41 Then Elijah said to Ahab, “Go up, eat and drink; for there is the sound of abundance of rain.”
42 So Ahab went up to eat and drink. And Elijah went up to the top of Carmel; athen he bowed down on the ground, and put his face between his knees,
43 and said to his servant, “Go up now, look toward the sea.” So he went up and looked, and said, “There is nothing.” And seven times he said, “Go again.”
44 Then it came to pass the seventh time, that he said, “There is a cloud, as small as a man’s hand, rising out of the sea!” So he said, “Go up, say to Ahab, 1‘Prepare your chariot, and go down before the rain stops you.’ ”
45 Now it happened in the meantime that the sky became black with clouds and wind, and there was a heavy rain. So Ahab rode away and went to Jezreel.
46 Then the ahand of the LORD came upon Elijah; and he bgirded1 up his loins and ran ahead of Ahab to the entrance of Jezreel.

Elijah Escapes from Jezebel


1 And Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done, also how he had aexecuted all the prophets with the sword.
2 Then Jezebel sent a messenger to Elijah, saying, a“So let the gods do to me, and more also, if I do not make your life as the life of one of them by tomorrow about this time.”
3 And when he saw that, he arose and ran for his life, and went to Beersheba, which belongs to Judah, and left his servant there.
4 But he himself went a day’s journey into the wilderness, and came and sat down under a 1broom tree. And he aprayed that he might die, and said, “It is enough! Now, LORD, take my life, for I am no better than my fathers!”
5 Then as he lay and slept under a broom tree, suddenly an angel touched him, and said to him, “Arise and eat.”
6 Then he looked, and there by his head was a cake baked on 1coals, and a jar of water. So he ate and drank, and lay down again.
7 And the angel of the LORD came back the second time, and touched him, and said, “Arise and eat, because the journey is too great for you.”
8 So he arose, and ate and drank; and he went in the strength of that food forty days and aforty nights as far as bHoreb, the mountain of God.
9 And there he went into a cave, and spent the night in that place; and

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behold, the word of the LORD came to him, and He said to him, “What are you doing here, Elijah?”
10 So he said, a“I have been very bzealous for the LORD God of hosts; for the children of Israel have forsaken Your covenant, torn down Your altars, and ckilled Your prophets with the sword. dI alone am left; and they seek to take my life.”

God’s Revelation to Elijah

11 Then He said, “Go out, and stand aon the mountain before the LORD.” And behold, the LORD bpassed by, and ca great and strong wind tore into the mountains and broke the rocks in pieces before the LORD, but the LORD was not in the wind; and after the wind an earthquake, but the LORD was not in the earthquake;
12 and after the earthquake a fire, but the LORD was not in the fire; and after the fire 1a still small voice.
13 So it was, when Elijah heard it, that ahe wrapped his face in his mantle and went out and stood in the entrance of the cave. bSuddenly a voice came to him, and said, “What are you doing here, Elijah?”
14 aAnd he said, “I have been very zealous for the LORD God of hosts; because the children of Israel have forsaken Your covenant, torn down Your altars, and killed Your prophets with the sword. I alone am left; and they seek to take my life.”
15 Then the LORD said to him: “Go, return on your way to the Wilderness of Damascus; aand when you arrive, anoint Hazael as king over Syria.
16 “Also you shall anoint aJehu the son of Nimshi as king over Israel. And bElisha the son of Shaphat of Abel Meholah you shall anoint as prophet in your place.
17 a“It shall be that whoever escapes the sword of Hazael, Jehu will bkill; and whoever escapes the sword of Jehu, cElisha will kill.
18 a“Yet I have reserved seven thousand in Israel, all whose knees have not bowed to Baal, band every mouth that has not kissed him.”

Elisha Follows Elijah

19 So he departed from there, and found Elisha the son of Shaphat, who was plowing with twelve yoke of oxen before him, and he was with the twelfth. Then Elijah passed by him and threw his amantle on him.
20 And he left the oxen and ran after Elijah, and said, a“Please let me kiss my father and my mother, and then I will follow you.” And he said to him, “Go back again, for what have I done to you?”
21 So Elisha turned back from him, and took a yoke of oxen and slaughtered them and aboiled their flesh, using the oxen’s equipment, and

10 aRom. 11:3
bNum. 25:11,
13; Ps. 69:9
c1 Kin. 18:4
d1 Kin. 18:22;
Rom. 11:3
11 aEx. 19:20;
24:12, 18 bEx.
33:21, 22
cEzek. 1:4;
12 1a delicate
13 aEx. 3:6; Is.
6:2 b1 Kin.
14 a1 Kin.
15 a2 Kin.
16 a2 Kin.
9:1–10 b1 Kin.
2 Kin. 2:9–15
17 a2 Kin. 8:12;
13:3, 22
b2 Kin.
c[Hos. 6:5] 18 aRom. 11:4
bHos. 13:2
19 a1 Sam.
28:14; 2 Kin.
2:8, 13, 14
20 a[Matt. 8:21,
22; Luke 9:61,
62]; Acts
21 a2 Sam.

gave it to the people, and they ate. Then he arose and followed Elijah, and became his servant.

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Praise to the LORD for His Holiness

1 THE LORD reigns; Let the peoples tremble! aHe dwells between the cherubim; Let the earth be 1moved!
2 The LORD is great in Zion, And He is high above all the peoples.
3 Let them praise Your great and awesome name— 1He is holy.

4 The King’s strength also loves justice; You have established equity; You have executed justice and righteousness in Jacob.
5 Exalt the LORD our God, And worship at His footstool— He is holy.

PSALM 99 References

1 aEx. 25:22;
1 Sam. 4:4;
Ps. 80:1
3 1Or It
6 a1 Sam. 7:9;
7 1statute

6 Moses and Aaron were among His priests, And Samuel was among those who acalled upon His name; They called upon the LORD, and He answered them.
7 He spoke to them in the cloudy pillar; They kept His testimonies and the 1ordinance He gave them.
8 You answered them, O LORD our God; You were to them God-Who- Forgives, Though You took vengeance on their deeds.
9 Exalt the LORD our God, And worship at His holy hill; For the LORD our God is holy.




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