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Rise & Fall of Israel’s Kingdom

(Category 7 of 16)

page 342

CHAPTER 18 References

1 a2 Kin. 17:1
b2 Chr. 28:27;
2 aIs. 38:5
2 Chr. 29:1ff.
4 a2 Chr. 31:1
bNum. 21:5–9
1Places for
pagan worship
Asherah, a
goddess 3Lit.
Bronze Thing,
also similar to
Heb. nahash,
5 a2 Kin.
19:10; [Job
13:15; Ps.
13:5] b2 Kin.
6 aDeut. 10:20;
Josh. 23:8
7 a[2 Chr. 15:2] bGen. 39:2, 3;
1 Sam. 18:5,
14; Ps. 60:12
c2 Kin. 16:7
8 a1 Chr. 4:41;
2 Chr. 28:18;
Is. 14:29
b2 Kin. 17:9
1Lit. struck
9 a2 Kin. 17:3

Hezekiah Reigns in Judah


1 Now it came to pass in the third year of aHoshea the son of Elah, king of Israel, that bHezekiah the son of Ahaz, king of Judah, began to reign.
2 He was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was aAbi1 the daughter of Zechariah.
3 And he did what was right in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his father David had done.
4 aHe removed the 1high places and broke the sacred pillars, cut down the 2wooden image and broke in pieces the bbronze serpent that Moses had made; for until those days the children of Israel burned incense to it, and called it 3Nehushtan.
5 He atrusted in the LORD God of Israel, bso that after him was none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor who were before him.
6 For he aheld fast to the LORD; he did not depart from following Him, but kept His commandments, which the LORD had commanded Moses.
7 The LORD awas with him; he bprospered wherever he went. And he crebelled against the king of Assyria and did not serve him.
8 aHe 1subdued the Philistines, as far as Gaza and its territory, bfrom watchtower to fortified city.
9 Now ait came to pass in the fourth year of King Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea the son of Elah, king of Israel, that Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria and besieged it.

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10 And at the end of three years they took it. In the sixth year of Hezekiah, that is, athe ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria was taken.
11 aThen the king of Assyria carried Israel away captive to Assyria, and put them bin Halah and by the Habor, the River of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes,
12 because they adid not obey the voice of the LORD their God, but transgressed His covenant and all that Moses the servant of the LORD had commanded; and they would neither hear nor do them.
13 And ain the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah, Sennacherib king of Assyria came up against all the fortified cities of Judah and took them.
14 Then Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria at Lachish, saying, “I have done wrong; turn away from me; whatever you impose on me I will pay.” And the king of Assyria assessed Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold.
15 So Hezekiah agave him all the silver that was found in the house of the LORD and in the treasuries of the king’s house.
16 At that time Hezekiah stripped the gold from the doors of the temple of the LORD, and from the pillars which Hezekiah king of Judah had overlaid, and gave 1it to the king of Assyria.

Sennacherib Boasts Against the LORD

17 Then the king of Assyria sent the 1Tartan, the 2Rabsaris, and the 3Rabshakeh from Lachish, with a great army against Jerusalem, to King Hezekiah. And they went up and came to Jerusalem. When they had come up, they went and stood by the aaqueduct from the upper pool, bwhich was on the highway to the Fuller’s Field.
18 And when they had called to the king, aEliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, Shebna the 1scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph, the recorder, came out to them.
19 Then the Rabshakeh said to them, “Say now to Hezekiah, ‘Thus says the great king, the king of Assyria: a“What confidence is this in which you trust?
20 “You speak of having plans and power for war; but they are 1mere words. And in whom do you trust, that you rebel against me?
21 a“Now look! You are trusting in the staff of this broken reed, Egypt, on which if a man leans, it will go into his hand and pierce it. So is Pharaoh king of Egypt to all who trust in him.

10 a2 Kin. 17:6
11 a2 Kin. 17:6;
Hos. 1:4;
Amos 4:2
b1 Chr. 5:26
12 a2 Kin.
13 a2 Chr. 32:1;
Is. 36:1–39:8
15 a1 Kin.
15:18, 19;
2 Kin. 12:18;
16 1Lit. them
17 a2 Kin.
20:20 bIs. 7:3
1A title, probably
Chief 2A title,
Chief Officer
3A title, probably
Chief of
Staff or Governor
18 a2 Kin. 19:2;
Is. 22:20 1secretary
19 a2 Chr.
32:10; [Ps.
118:8, 9] 20 1Lit. a word
of the lips
21 aIs. 30:2–7;
Ezek. 29:6, 7
22 a2 Kin. 18:4;
2 Chr. 31:1;
32:12 1Places
for pagan
26 aIs.
bEzra 4:7;
Dan. 2:4 1Lit.
28 1Lit. Judean
29 a2 Chr.
31 a1 Kin. 4:20,
25 1By paying
32 aDeut.
8:7–9; 11:12
33 a2 Kin.
19:12; Is.
10:10, 11
34 a2 Kin.
19:13 b2 Kin.

2 KINGS 18:35

22 “But if you say to me, ‘We trust in the LORD our God,’ is it not He awhose 1high places and whose altars Hezekiah has taken away, and said to Judah and Jerusalem, ‘You shall worship before this altar in Jerusalem’?” ’
23 “Now therefore, I urge you, give a pledge to my master the king of Assyria, and I will give you two thousand horses—if you are able on your part to put riders on them!
24 “How then will you repel one captain of the least of my master’s servants, and put your trust in Egypt for chariots and horsemen?
25 “Have I now come up without the LORD against this place to destroy it? The LORD said to me, ‘Go up against this land, and destroy it.’ ”
26 aThen Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, Shebna, and Joah said to the Rabshakeh, “Please speak to your servants in bAramaic, for we understand it; and do not speak to us in 1Hebrew in the hearing of the people who are on the wall.”
27 But the Rabshakeh said to them, “Has my master sent me to your master and to you to speak these words, and not to the men who sit on the wall,who will eat and drink their own waste with you?”
28 Then the Rabshakeh stood and called out with a loud voice in 1Hebrew, and spoke, saying, “Hear the word of the great king, the king of Assyria!
29 “Thus says the king: a‘Do not let Hezekiah deceive you, for he shall not be able to deliver you from his hand;
30 ‘nor let Hezekiah make you trust in the LORD, saying, “The LORD will surely deliver us; this city shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.” ’
31 “Do not listen to Hezekiah; for thus says the king of Assyria: ‘Make peace with me 1by a present and come out to me; and every one of you eat from his own avine and every one from his own fig tree, and every one of you drink the waters of his own cistern;
32 ‘until I come and take you away to a land like your own land, aa land of grain and new wine, a land of bread and vineyards, a land of olive groves and honey, that you may live and not die. But do not listen to Hezekiah, lest he persuade you, saying, “The LORD will deliver us.”
33 a‘Has any of the gods of the nations at all delivered its land from the hand of the king of Assyria?
34 ‘Where are the gods of aHamath and Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim and Hena and bIvah? Indeed, have they delivered Samaria from my hand?
35 ‘Who among all the gods of the lands have delivered their countries

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2 KINGS 18:36

from my hand, athat the LORD should deliver Jerusalem from my hand?’ ”
36 But the people held their peace and answered him not a word; for the king’s commandment was, “Do not answer him.”
37 Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph, the recorder, came to Hezekiah awith their clothes torn, and told him the words of the Rabshakeh.

Isaiah Assures Deliverance


1 And aso it was, when King Hezekiah heard it, that he tore his clothes, covered himself with bsackcloth, and went into the house of the LORD.
2 Then he sent Eliakim, who was over the household, Shebna the scribe, and the elders of the priests, covered with sackcloth, to Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz.
3 And they said to him, “Thus says Hezekiah: ‘This day is a day of trouble, and rebuke, and blasphemy; for the children have come to birth, but there is no strength to 1bring them forth.
4 a‘It may be that the LORD your God will hear all the words of the Rabshakeh, whom his master the king of Assyria has sent to breproach the living God, and will crebuke the words which the LORD your God has heard. Therefore lift up your prayer for the remnant that is left.’ ”
5 So the servants of King Hezekiah came to Isaiah.
6 aAnd Isaiah said to them, “Thus you shall say to your master, ‘Thus says the LORD: “Do not be bafraid of the words which you have heard, with which the cservants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed Me.
7 “Surely I will send aa spirit upon him, and he shall hear a rumor and return to his own land; and I will cause him to fall by the sword in his own land.” ’ ”

Sennacherib’s Threat and Hezekiah’s Prayer

8 Then the Rabshakeh returned and found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah, for he heard that he had departed afrom Lachish.
9 And athe king heard concerning Tirhakah king of Ethiopia, “Look, he has come out to make war with you.” So he again sent messengers to Hezekiah, saying,
10 “Thus you shall speak to Hezekiah king of Judah, saying: ‘Do not let your God ain whom you trust deceive you, saying, “Jerusalem shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.”
11 ‘Look! You have heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all

35 aDan. 3:15
37 aIs. 33:7

CHAPTER 19 References

1 a2 Kin.
18:13; 2 Chr.
32:20–22; Is.
37:1 bPs. 69:11
3 1give birth
4 a2 Sam.
16:12 b2 Kin.
18:35 cPs.
6 aIs. 37:6
b[Ps. 112:7] c2 Kin. 18:17
7 a2 Kin.
19:35–37; Jer.
8 a2 Kin.
18:14, 17
9 a1 Sam.
23:27; Is. 37:9
10 a2 Kin. 18:5
12 a2 Kin.
18:33, 34
bEzek. 27:23
13 a2 Kin.
14 aIs. 37:14
15 aEx. 25:22;
Ps. 80:1; Is.
37:16 b[Is.
44:6] 16 aPs. 31:2; Is.
37:17 b1 Kin.
8:29; 2 Chr.
6:40 c2 Kin.
18 a[Is.
44:9–20; Jer.
10:3–5] bPs.
115:4; Jer.
10:3; [Acts
17:29] 19 aPs. 83:18
b1 Kin. 8:42,
20 aIs. 37:21
b2 Kin. 20:5;
Ps. 65:2
21 aJer. 14:17;
Lam. 2:13 bPs.
22:7, 8
22 aJer. 51:5
23 a2 Kin.
18:17 bPs. 20:7

lands by utterly destroying them; and shall you be delivered?
12 a‘Have the gods of the nations delivered those whom my fathers have destroyed, Gozan and Haran and Rezeph, and the people of bEden who were in Telassar?
13 a‘Where is the king of Hamath, the king of Arpad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivah?’ ”
14 aAnd Hezekiah received the letter from the hand of the messengers, and read it; and Hezekiah went up to the house of the LORD, and spread it before the LORD.
15 Then Hezekiah prayed before the LORD, and said: “O LORD God of Israel, the One awho dwells between the cherubim, bYou are God, You alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth. You have made heaven and earth.
16 aIncline Your ear, O LORD, and hear; bopen Your eyes, O LORD, and see; and hear the words of Sennacherib, cwhich he has sent to reproach the living God.
17 “Truly, LORD, the kings of Assyria have laid waste the nations and their lands,
18 “and have cast their gods into the fire; for they were anot gods, but bthe work of men’s hands—wood and stone. Therefore they destroyed them.
19 “Now therefore, O LORD our God, I pray, save us from his hand, athat all the kingdoms of the earth may bknow that You are the LORD God,You alone.”

The Word of the LORD Concerning Sennacherib

20 Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent to Hezekiah, saying, “Thus says the LORD God of Israel: a‘Because you have prayed to Me against Sennacherib king of Assyria, bI have heard.’
21 “This is the word which the LORD has spoken concerning him:

‘The virgin, athe daughter of Zion, Has despised you, laughed you to scorn; The daughter of Jerusalem bHas shaken her head behind your back!

22 ‘Whom have you reproached and blasphemed? Against whom have you raised your voice, And lifted up your eyes on high? Against athe Holy One of Israel.
23 aBy your messengers you have reproached the Lord, And said: b“By the multitude of my chariots

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I have come up to the height of the mountains, To the limits of Lebanon; I will cut down its tall cedars And its choice cypress trees; I will enter the extremity of its borders, To its fruitful forest.
24 I have dug and drunk strange water, And with the soles of my feet I have adried up All the brooks of defense.”

25 ‘Did you not hear long ago How aI made it, From ancient times that I formed it? Now I have brought it to pass, That byou should be For crushing fortified cities into heaps of ruins.
26 Therefore their inhabitants had little power; They were dismayed and confounded; They were as the grass of the field And the green herb, As athe grass on the housetops And grain blighted before it is grown.

27 ‘But aI know your dwelling place, Your going out and your coming in, And your rage against Me.
28 Because your rage against Me and your tumult Have come up to My ears, Therefore aI will put My hook in your nose And My bridle in your lips, And I will turn you back bBy the way which you came.

29 ‘This shall be a asign to you:

You shall eat this year such as grows 1of itself, And in the second year what springs from the same; Also in the third year sow and reap, Plant vineyards and eat the fruit of them.
30 aAnd the remnant who have escaped of the house of Judah Shall again take root downward, And bear fruit upward.
31 For out of Jerusalem shall go a remnant, And those who escape from Mount Zion. aThe zeal of the LORD 1of hosts will do this.’

32 “Therefore thus says the LORD concerning the king of Assyria:

24 aIs. 19:6
25 a[Is. 45:7] bIs. 10:5, 6
26 aPs. 129:6
27 aPs.
139:1–3; Is.
28 aJob 41:2;
Ezek. 29:4;
38:4; Amos
4:2 b2 Kin.
19:33, 36
29 aEx. 3:12;
1 Sam. 2:34;
2 Kin. 20:8, 9;
Is. 7:11–14;
Luke 2:12
1Without cultivation
30 a2 Kin. 19:4;
2 Chr. 32:22,
31 a2 Kin.
25:26; Is. 9:7
1So with
many Heb.
mss. and
ancient vss.
(cf. Is. 37:32);
MT omits of
32 aIs. 8:7–10
34 a2 Kin. 20:6;
2 Chr. 32:21
bIs. 31:5
c1 Kin. 11:12,
35 aEx. 12:29;
Is. 10:12–19;
37:36; Hos. 1:7
1Or Angel
36 aGen. 10:11
37 a2 Kin.
17:31 b2 Kin.
19:7; 2 Chr.
32:21 cEzra

‘He shall anot come into this city, Nor shoot an arrow there, Nor come before it with shield, Nor build a siege mound against it.
33 By the way that he came, By the same shall he return; And he shall not come into this city,’ Says the LORD.
34 ‘For aI will bdefend this city, to save it For My own sake and cfor My servant David’s sake.’ ”

Sennacherib’s Defeat and Death

35 And ait came to pass on a certain night that the 1angel of the LORD went out, and killed in the camp of the Assyrians one hundred and eighty-five thousand; and when people arose early in the morning, there were the corpses—all dead.
36 So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed and went away, returned home, and remained at aNineveh.
37 Now it came to pass, as he was worshiping in the temple of Nisroch his god, that his sons aAdrammelech and Sharezer bstruck him down with the sword; and they escaped into the land of Ararat. Then cEsarhaddon his son reigned in his place.

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Joy in Forgiveness of Israel’s Sins


1 aOh, give thanks to the LORD, for He is good! For His mercy endures forever.

2 Who can 1utter the mighty acts of the LORD? Who can declare all His praise?
3 Blessed are those who keep justice, And 1he who adoes righteousness at ball times!

4 aRemember me, O LORD, with the favor You have toward Your people. Oh, visit me with Your salvation,
5 That I may see the benefit of Your chosen ones, That I may rejoice in the gladness of Your nation, That I may glory with 1Your inheritance.
6 aWe have sinned with our fathers, We have committed iniquity, We have done wickedly.
7 Our fathers in Egypt did not understand Your wonders; They did not remember the multitude of Your mercies, aBut rebelled by the sea—the Red Sea.

8 Nevertheless He saved them for His name’s sake, aThat He might make His mighty power known.
9 aHe rebuked the Red Sea also, and it dried up; So bHe led them through the depths, As through the wilderness.

PSALM 106 References

1 a1 Chr.
16:34, 41
1Heb. Hallelujah
2 1express
3 aPs. 15:2
b[Gal. 6:9] 1LXX, Syr.,
Tg.,Vg. those
who do
4 aPs. 119:132
5 1The people
of Your inheritance
6 a[Dan. 9:5] 7 aEx. 14:11,
8 aEx. 9:16
9 aEx. 14:21
bIs. 63:11–13
10 aEx. 14:30
11 aEx. 14:27,
28; 15:5
12 aEx.
13 aEx. 15:24;
16:2; 17:2
14 a1 Cor. 10:6
15 aNum.
11:31 bIs.
16 aNum.
17 aDeut. 11:6
18 aNum.
16:35, 46
19 aEx. 32:1–4
20 aRom. 1:23
23 aEx. 32:10
bEzek. 22:30

10 He asaved them from the hand of him who hated them, And redeemed them from the hand of the enemy.
11 aThe waters covered their enemies; There was not one of them left.
12 aThen they believed His words; They sang His praise.

13 aThey soon forgot His works; They did not wait for His counsel,
14 aBut lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, And tested God in the desert.
15 aAnd He gave them their request, But bsent leanness into their soul.

16 When athey envied Moses in the camp, And Aaron the saint of the LORD,
17 aThe earth opened up and swallowed Dathan, And covered the faction of Abiram.
18 aA fire was kindled in their company; The flame burned up the wicked.

19 aThey made a calf in Horeb, And worshiped the molded image.
20 Thus athey changed their glory Into the image of an ox that eats grass.
21 They forgot God their Savior, Who had done great things in Egypt,
22 Wondrous works in the land of Ham, Awesome things by the Red Sea.
23 aTherefore He said that He would destroy them, Had not Moses His chosen one bstood before Him in the breach,

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PSALM 106:24

To turn away His wrath, lest He destroy them.
24 Then they despised athe pleasant land; They bdid not believe His word,
25 aBut complained in their tents, And did not heed the voice of the LORD.
26 aTherefore He raised His hand in an oath against them, bTo 1overthrow them in the wilderness,
27 aTo 1overthrow their descendants among the 2nations, And to scatter them in the lands.

28 aThey joined themselves also to Baal of Peor, And ate sacrifices 1made to the dead.
29 Thus they provoked Him to anger with their deeds, And the plague broke out among them.
30 aThen Phinehas stood up and intervened, And the plague was stopped.
31 And that was accounted to him afor righteousness To all generations forevermore.

32 aThey angered Him also at the waters of 1strife, bSo that it went ill with Moses on account of them;
33 aBecause they rebelled against His Spirit, So that he spoke rashly with his lips.

34 aThey did not destroy the peoples, bConcerning whom the LORD had commanded them,
35 aBut they mingled with the Gentiles And learned their works;
36 aThey served their idols, bWhich became a snare to them.
37 aThey even sacrificed their sons And their daughters to bdemons,

PSALM 106 References

24 aDeut. 8:7
b[Heb. 3:18,
19] 25 aNum. 14:2,
26 aEzek.
20:15, 16;
1make them
27 aLev. 26:33
1make their
fall also 2Gentiles
28 aHos. 9:10
30 aNum.
25:7, 8
31 aNum.
32 aNum.
bDeut. 1:37;
3:26 1Or
33 aNum. 20:3,
34 aJudg. 1:21
b[Deut. 7:2,
16] 35 aJudg. 3:5, 6
36 aJudg. 2:12
bDeut. 7:16
37 a2 Kin. 16:3;
17:17 b[Lev.
17:7] 38 a[Num.
35:33] 39 aEzek.
20:18 b[Lev.
17:7] 1became
2Were unfaithful
40 aJudg. 2:14
b[Deut. 9:29;
32:9] 41 aJudg. 2:14
43 aJudg. 2:16
44 aJudg. 3:9;
6:7; 10:10
45 a[Lev. 26:41,
42] bJudg.
2:18 cPs. 69:16
46 aEzra 9:9
47 a1 Chr.
16:35, 36
48 aPs. 41:13
1Heb. Hallelujah

38 And shed innocent blood, The blood of their sons and daughters, Whom they sacrificed to the idols of Canaan; And athe land was polluted with blood.
39 Thus they 1were adefiled by their own works, And bplayed2 the harlot by their own deeds.

40 Therefore athe wrath of the LORD was kindled against His people, So that He abhorred bHis own inheritance.
41 And aHe gave them into the hand of the Gentiles, And those who hated them ruled over them.
42 Their enemies also oppressed them, And they were brought into subjection under their hand.
43 aMany times He delivered them; But they rebelled in their counsel, And were brought low for their iniquity.

44 Nevertheless He regarded their affliction, When aHe heard their cry;
45 aAnd for their sake He remembered His covenant, And brelented caccording to the multitude of His mercies.
46 aHe also made them to be pitied By all those who carried them away captive.

47 aSave us, O LORD our God, And gather us from among the Gentiles, To give thanks to Your holy name, To triumph in Your praise.

48 aBlessed be the LORD God of Israel From everlasting to everlasting! And let all the people say, “Amen!”

1Praise the LORD!




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