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The Prophets Before the Exile

(Category 8 of 16)

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CHAPTER 18 References

1 a2 Kin. 19:9;
Is. 20:4, 5;
Ezek. 30:4, 5,
9; Zeph. 2:12;
3:10 1Heb.
3 aIs. 5:26
4 1watch

Proclamation Against Ethiopia


1 Woe ato the land shadowed with buzzing wings, Which is beyond the rivers of 1Ethiopia,
2 Which sends ambassadors by sea, Even in vessels of reed on the waters, saying, “Go, swift messengers, to a nation tall and smooth of skin, To a people terrible from their beginning onward, A nation powerful and treading down, Whose land the rivers divide.”

3 All inhabitants of the world and dwellers on the earth: aWhen he lifts up a banner on the mountains, you see it; And when he blows a trumpet, you hear it.
4 For so the LORD said to me, “I will take My rest, And I will 1look from My dwelling place Like clear heat in sunshine, Like a cloud of dew in the heat of harvest.”

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5 For before the harvest, when the bud is perfect And the sour grape is ripening in the flower, He will both cut off the sprigs with pruning hooks And take away and cut down the branches.
6 They will be left together for the mountain birds of prey And for the beasts of the earth; The birds of prey will summer on them, And all the beasts of the earth will winter on them.

7 In that time aa present will be brought to the LORD of hosts 1From a people tall and smooth of skin, And from a people terrible from their beginning onward, A nation powerful and treading down, Whose land the rivers divide— To the place of the name of the LORD of hosts, To Mount Zion.

Proclamation Against Egypt


1 The aburden1 against Egypt.
Behold, the LORD brides on a swift cloud, And will come into Egypt; cThe idols of Egypt will 2totter at His presence, And the heart of Egypt will melt in its midst.

2 “I will aset Egyptians against Egyptians; Everyone will fight against his brother, And everyone against his neighbor, City against city, kingdom against kingdom.
3 The spirit of Egypt will fail in its midst; I will destroy their counsel, And they will aconsult the idols and the charmers, The mediums and the sorcerers.
4 And the Egyptians I will give aInto the hand of a cruel master, And a fierce king will rule over them,” Says the Lord, the LORD of hosts.

5 aThe waters will fail from the sea, And the river will be wasted and dried up.
6 The rivers will turn foul; The brooks aof defense will be emptied and dried up; The reeds and rushes will wither.
7 The papyrus reeds by 1the River, by the mouth of the River,

7 aPs. 68:31;
72:10; Is. 16:1;
Zeph. 3:10;
Mal. 1:11;
Acts 8:27–38
1So with DSS,
omits From;
Tg. To

CHAPTER 19 References

1 aJer. 9:25, 26;
Joel 3:19 bPs.
18:10; 104:3;
Matt. 26:64;
Rev. 1:7 cEx.
12:12; Jer.
43:12 1oracle,
prophecy 2Lit.
2 aJudg. 7:22;
1 Sam. 14:16,
20; 2 Chr.
20:23; Matt.
10:21, 36
3 a1 Chr.
10:13; Is. 8:19;
47:12; Dan.
4 aIs. 20:4; Jer.
46:26; Ezek.
5 aIs. 50:2; Jer.
51:36; Ezek.
6 a2 Kin. 19:24
7 1The Nile
9 a1 Kin.
10:28; Prov.
7:16; Ezek.
11 aNum.
13:22; Ps.
78:12, 43; Is.
30:4 bGen.
41:38, 39;
1 Kin. 4:29,
30; Acts 7:22
12 a1 Cor. 1:20
bPs. 33:11
13 aJer. 2:16;
Ezek. 30:13
Memphis 2Lit.
caused to
stagger 3cornerstone
14 a1 Kin.
22:22; Is.
15 aIs. 9:14–16
16 aJer. 51:30;
Nah. 3:13 bIs.
17 aIs. 14:24;
Dan. 4:35
18 aZeph. 3:9
bIs. 45:23
1Some Heb.
mss., Arab.,
DSS, Tg.,Vg.
Sun; LXX
Asedek, lit.
19 aGen. 28:18;
Ex. 24:4; Josh.
22:10, 26, 27;
Is. 56:7; 60:7

ISAIAH 19:19

And everything sown by the River, Will wither, be driven away, and be no more.
8 The fishermen also will mourn; All those will lament who cast hooks into the River, And they will languish who spread nets on the waters.
9 Moreover those who work in afine flax And those who weave fine fabric will be ashamed;
10 And its foundations will be broken. All who make wages will be troubled of soul.

11 Surely the princes of aZoan are fools; Pharaoh’s wise counselors give foolish counsel. bHow do you say to Pharaoh, “I am the son of the wise, The son of ancient kings?”
12 aWhere are they? Where are your wise men? Let them tell you now, And let them know what the LORD of hosts has bpurposed against Egypt.
13 The princes of Zoan have become fools; aThe princes of 1Noph are deceived; They have also 2deluded Egypt, Those who are the 3mainstay of its tribes.
14 The LORD has mingled aa perverse spirit in her midst; And they have caused Egypt to err in all her work, As a drunken man staggers in his vomit.
15 Neither will there be any work for Egypt, Which athe head or tail, Palm branch or bulrush, may do.

16 In that day Egypt will abe like women, and will be afraid and fear because of the waving of the hand of the LORD of hosts, bwhich He waves over it.
17 And the land of Judah will be a terror to Egypt; everyone who makes mention of it will be afraid in himself, because of the counsel of the LORD of hosts which He has adetermined against it.

Egypt, Assyria, and Israel Blessed

18 In that day five cities in the land of Egypt will aspeak the language of Canaan and bswear by the LORD of hosts; one will be called the City of 1Destruction.
19 In that day athere will be an altar to the LORD in the midst of the land

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ISAIAH 19:20

of Egypt, and a pillar to the bLORD at its border.
20 And ait will be for a sign and for a witness to the LORD of hosts in the land of Egypt; for they will cry to the LORD because of the oppressors, and He will send them a bSavior and a Mighty One, and He will deliver them.
21 Then the LORD will be known to Egypt, and the Egyptians will aknow the LORD in that day, and bwill make sacrifice and offering; yes, they will make a vow to the LORD and perform it.
22 And the LORD will strike Egypt, He will strike and aheal it; they will return to the LORD, and He will be entreated by them and heal them.
23 In that day athere will be a highway from Egypt to Assyria, and the Assyrian will come into Egypt and the Egyptian into Assyria, and the Egyptians will bserve with the Assyrians.
24 In that day Israel will be one of three with Egypt and Assyria—a blessing in the midst of the land,
25 whom the LORD of hosts shall bless, saying, “Blessed is Egypt My people, and Assyria athe work of My hands, and Israel My inheritance.”

The Sign Against Egypt and Ethiopia


1 In the year that aTartan1 came to Ashdod, when Sargon the king of Assyria sent him, and he fought against Ashdod and took it,
2 at the same time the LORD spoke by Isaiah the son of Amoz, saying, “Go, and remove athe sackcloth from your 1body, and take your sandals off your feet.” And he did so, bwalking naked and barefoot.
3 Then the LORD said, “Just as My servant Isaiah has walked naked and barefoot three years afor a sign and a wonder against Egypt and Ethiopia,
4 “so shall the aking of Assyria lead away the Egyptians as prisoners and the Ethiopians as captives, young and old, naked and barefoot, bwith their buttocks uncovered, to the shame of Egypt.
5 a“Then they shall be afraid and ashamed of Ethiopia their expectation and Egypt their glory.
6 “And the inhabitant of this territory will say in that day, ‘Surely such is our expectation, wherever we flee for ahelp to be delivered from the king of Assyria; and how shall we escape?’ ”

The Fall of Babylon Proclaimed


1 The 1burden against the Wilderness of the Sea.

As awhirlwinds in the South pass through,

19 bPs. 68:31
20 aJosh. 4:20;
22:27 bIs.
21 a[Is. 2:3, 4;
11:9] bIs. 56:7;
60:7; Zech.
14:16–18; Mal.
22 aDeut.
32:39; Is.
30:26; 57:18;
[Heb. 12:11] 23 aIs. 11:16;
35:8; 49:11;
62:10 bIs.
25 aDeut. 14:2;
Ps. 100:3; Is.
29:23; Hos.
2:23; [Eph.

CHAPTER 20 References

1 a2 Kin. 18:17
1Or the Commander
2 aZech. 13:4;
Matt. 3:4
b1 Sam. 19:24;
Mic. 1:8 1Lit.
3 aIs. 8:18
4 aIs. 19:4
b2 Sam. 10:4;
Is. 3:17; Jer.
13:22; Mic.
5 a2 Kin.
18:21; Is.
30:3–5; 31:1;
Ezek. 29:6, 7
6 aIs. 30:5, 7

CHAPTER 21 References

1 aZech. 9:14
2 aIs. 33:1 bIs.
13:17; 22:6;
Jer. 49:34
3 aIs. 15:5;
16:11 bIs. 13:8
1Lit. bowed
4 aDeut. 28:67
5 aJer. 51:39;
Dan. 5:5
8 aHab. 2:1
1DSS Then
the observer
cried, “My
9 aIs. 13:19;
47:5, 9; 48:14;
Jer. 51:8; Dan.
5:28, 31; Rev.
14:8; 18:2 bIs.
46:1; Jer. 50:2;
10 aJer. 51:33;
Mic. 4:13
11 aGen. 25:14;
1 Chr. 1:30;
Josh. 15:52
bGen. 32:3;
Jer. 49:7;
Ezek. 35:2;
Obad. 1 1oracle,

So it comes from the desert, from a terrible land.
2 A distressing vision is declared to me; aThe treacherous dealer deals treacherously, And the plunderer plunders. bGo up, O Elam! Besiege, O Media! All its sighing I have made to cease.

3 Therefore amy loins are filled with pain; bPangs have taken hold of me, like the pangs of a woman in labor. I was 1distressed when I heard it; I was dismayed when I saw it.
4 My heart wavered, fearfulness frightened me; aThe night for which I longed He turned into fear for me.
5 aPrepare the table, Set a watchman in the tower, Eat and drink. Arise, you princes, Anoint the shield!

6 For thus has the Lord said to me: “Go, set a watchman, Let him declare what he sees.”
7 And he saw a chariot with a pair of horsemen, A chariot of donkeys, and a chariot of camels, And he listened earnestly with great care.
8 1Then he cried, “A lion, my Lord! I stand continually on the awatchtower in the daytime; I have sat at my post every night.
9 And look, here comes a chariot of men with a pair of horsemen!” Then he answered and said, aBabylon is fallen, is fallen! And ball the carved images of her gods He has broken to the ground.”

10 aOh, my threshing and the grain of my floor! That which I have heard from the LORD of hosts, The God of Israel, I have declared to you.

Proclamation Against Edom

11 aThe 1burden against Dumah.

He calls to me out of bSeir, “Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night?”
12 The watchman said, “The morning comes, and also the night. If you will inquire, inquire; Return! Come back!”

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Proclamation Against Arabia

13 aThe 1burden against Arabia.

In the forest in Arabia you will lodge, O you traveling companies bof Dedanites.
14 O inhabitants of the land of Tema, Bring water to him who is thirsty; With their bread they met him who fled.
15 For they fled from the swords, from the drawn sword, From the bent bow, and from the distress of war.

16 For thus the LORD has said to me: “Within a year, aaccording to the year of a hired man, all the glory of bKedar will fail;
17 “and the remainder of the number of archers, the mighty men of the people of Kedar, will be diminished; for the LORD God of Israel has spoken it.”

Proclamation Against Jerusalem


1 The 1burden against the Valley of Vision.

What ails you now, that you have all gone up to the housetops,
2 You who are full of noise, A 1tumultuous city, aa joyous city? Your slain men are not slain with the sword, Nor dead in battle.
3 All your rulers have fled together; They are captured by the archers. All who are found in you are bound together; They have fled from afar.
4 Therefore I said, “Look away from me, aI will weep bitterly; Do not labor to comfort me Because of the plundering of the daughter of my people.”

5 aFor it is a day of trouble and treading down and perplexity bBy the Lord GOD of hosts In the Valley of Vision— Breaking down the walls And of crying to the mountain.
6 aElam bore the quiver With chariots of men and horsemen, And bKir uncovered the shield.
7 It shall come to pass that your choicest valleys Shall be full of chariots, And the horsemen shall set themselves in array at the gate

13 aJer. 25:24;
49:28 bGen.
10:7; 1 Chr.
1:9, 32; Jer.
25:23; Ezek.
27:15 1oracle,
16 aIs. 16:14
bPs. 120:5;
Song 1:5; Is.
42:11; 60:7;
Ezek. 27:21

CHAPTER 22 References

1 1oracle,
2 aIs. 32:13
4 aJer. 4:19
5 aIs. 37:3
bLam. 1:5; 2:2
6 aJer. 49:35
bIs. 15:1
8 a2 Kin.
18:15, 16
b1 Kin. 7:2;
10:17 1Lit.
9 a2 Kin.
20:20; 2 Chr.
32:4; Neh.
3:16 1Lit.
breaches in
the city walls
11 aNeh. 3:16
b2 Kin. 20:20;
2 Chr. 32:3, 4
12 aIs. 32:11;
Joel 1:13; 2:17
bEzra 9:3; Is.
15:2; Mic. 1:16
13 aIs. 5:11, 22;
28:7, 8; Luke
17:26–29 bIs.
56:12; 1 Cor.
14 aIs. 5:9
b1 Sam. 3:14;
Ezek. 24:13
15 a2 Kin.
18:37; Is. 36:3
16 a2 Sam.
18:18; 2 Chr.
16:14; Matt.
17 aEsth. 7:8
18 aIs. 2:7

ISAIAH 22:19

8 aHe removed the 1protection of Judah. You looked in that day to the armor bof the House of the Forest;
9 aYou also saw the 1damage to the city of David, That it was great; And you gathered together the waters of the lower pool.
10 You numbered the houses of Jerusalem, And the houses you broke down To fortify the wall.
11 aYou also made a reservoir between the two walls For the water of the old bpool. But you did not look to its Maker, Nor did you have respect for Him who fashioned it long ago.

12 And in that day the Lord GOD of hosts aCalled for weeping and for mourning, bFor baldness and for girding with sackcloth.
13 But instead, joy and gladness, Slaying oxen and killing sheep, Eating meat and adrinking wine: b“Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die!”

14 aThen it was revealed in my hearing by the LORD of hosts, “Surely for this iniquity there bwill be no atonement for you, Even to your death,” says the Lord GOD of hosts.

The Judgment on Shebna

15 Thus says the Lord GOD of hosts:

“Go, proceed to this steward, To aShebna, who is over the house, and say:
16 ‘What have you here, and whom have you here, That you have hewn a sepulcher here, As he awho hews himself a sepulcher on high, Who carves a tomb for himself in a rock?
17 Indeed, the LORD will throw you away violently, O mighty man, aAnd will surely seize you.
18 He will surely turn violently and toss you like a ball Into a large country; There you shall die, and there ayour glorious chariots Shall be the shame of your master’s house.
19 So I will drive you out of your office,

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ISAIAH 22:20

And from your position 1he will pull you down.

20 ‘Then it shall be in that day, That I will call My servant aEliakim the son of Hilkiah;
21 I will clothe him with your robe And strengthen him with your belt; I will commit your responsibility into his hand. He shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem And to the house of Judah.
22 The key of the house of David I will lay on his ashoulder; So he shall bopen, and no one shall shut; And he shall shut, and no one shall open.
23 I will fasten him as aa peg in a secure place, And he will become a glorious throne to his father’s house.

24 ‘They will hang on him all the glory of his father’s house, the offspring and the posterity, all vessels of small quantity, from the cups to all the pitchers.
25 ‘In that day,’ says the LORD of hosts, ‘the peg that is fastened in the secure place will be removed and be cut down and fall, and the burden that was on it will be cut off; for the LORD has spoken.’ ”

19 1LXX omits
he will pull
you down;
Syr., Tg.,Vg.
I will pull you
20 a2 Kin.
18:18; Is. 36:3,
22; 37:2
22 aIs. 9:6 bJob
12:14; Rev. 3:7
23 aEzra 9:8;
Zech. 10:4

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The Majesty and Condescension of God


1 aPraise, O servants of the LORD, Praise the name of the LORD!
2 aBlessed be the name of the LORD From this time forth and forevermore!
3 aFrom the rising of the sun to its going down The LORD’s name is to be praised.

4 The LORD is ahigh above all nations, bHis glory above the heavens.
5 aWho is like the LORD our God, Who dwells on high,

PSALM 113 References

1 aPs. 135:1
1Heb. Hallelujah
2 a[Dan. 2:20] 3 aIs. 59:19;
Mal. 1:11
4 aPs. 97:9;
99:2 b[Ps. 8:1] 5 aPs. 89:6; [Is.
57:15] 6 a[Ps. 11:4; Is.
57:15] 7 a1 Sam. 2:8;
Ps. 107:41 bPs.
8 a[Job 36:7] 9 a1 Sam. 2:5;
Is. 54:1 1childless

6 aWho humbles Himself to behold The things that are in the heavens and in the earth?

7 aHe raises the poor out of the dust, And lifts the bneedy out of the ash heap,
8 That He may aseat him with princes— With the princes of His people.
9 aHe grants the 1barren woman a home, Like a joyful mother of children.

Praise the LORD!




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