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The Prophets Before the Exile

(Category 8 of 16)

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CHAPTER 45 References

1 aIs. 44:28
bPs. 73:23; Is.
41:13 cDan.
5:30 dJob
12:21; Is. 45:5
or sustained
2 aIs. 40:4 bPs.
107:16 1Tg. I
will trample
down the
walls; Vg. I
will humble
the great
ones of the
earth 2DSS,
LXX mountains
3 aIs. 41:23
bEx. 33:12
4 aIs. 44:1
5 aDeut. 4:35;
32:39; Is. 44:8
bIs. 45:14, 18
cPs. 18:32
6 aPs. 102:15;
Is. 37:20; Mal.
1:11 b[Is. 11:9;
52:10] 7 aIs. 31:2;
47:11; Amos
8 aPs. 85:11

Cyrus, God’s Instrument


1 “Thus says the LORD to His anointed, To aCyrus, whose bright hand I have 1held— cTo subdue nations before him And dloose the armor of kings, To open before him the double doors, So that the gates will not be shut:
2 ‘I will go before you aAnd1 make the 2crooked places straight; bI will break in pieces the gates of bronze And cut the bars of iron.
3 I will give you the treasures of darkness And hidden riches of secret places, aThat you may know that I, the LORD, Who bcall you by your name, Am the God of Israel.
4 For aJacob My servant’s sake, And Israel My elect, I have even called you by your name; I have named you, though you have not known Me.
5 I aam the LORD, and bthere is no other; There is no God besides Me. cI will gird you, though you have not known Me,
6 aThat they may bknow from the rising of the sun to its setting That there is none besides Me. I am the LORD, and there is no other;
7 I form the light and create darkness, I make peace and acreate calamity; I, the LORD, do all these things.’
8 “Raina down, you heavens, from above, And let the skies pour down righteousness; Let the earth open, let them bring forth salvation, And let righteousness spring up together. I, the LORD, have created it.

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9 “Woe to him who strives with ahis Maker! Let the potsherd strive with the potsherds of the earth! bShall the clay say to him who forms it, ‘What are you making?’ Or shall your handiwork say, ‘He has no hands’?
10 Woe to him who says to his father, ‘What are you begetting?’ Or to the woman, ‘What have you brought forth?’ ”

11 Thus says the LORD, The Holy One of Israel, and his Maker: a“Ask Me of things to come concerning bMy sons; And concerning cthe work of My hands, you command Me.
12 aI have made the earth, And bcreated man on it. I—My hands—stretched out the heavens, And call their host I have commanded.
13 aI have raised him up in righteousness, And I will 1direct all his ways; He shall bbuild My city And let My exiles go free, cNot for price nor reward,” Says the LORD of hosts.

The LORD, the Only Savior

14 Thus says the LORD:

a“The labor of Egypt and merchandise of Cush And of the Sabeans, men of stature, Shall come over to you, and they shall be yours; They shall walk behind you, They shall come over bin chains; And they shall bow down to you. They will make supplication to you, saying, c‘Surely God is in you, And there is no other; dThere is no other God.’ ”

15 Truly You are God, awho hide Yourself, O God of Israel, the Savior!
16 They shall be aashamed And also disgraced, all of them; They shall go in confusion together, Who are makers of idols.
17 aBut Israel shall be saved by the LORD With an beverlasting salvation; You shall not be ashamed or cdisgraced Forever and ever.

9 aIs. 64:8 bJer.
18:6; Rom.
9:20, 21
11 aIs. 8:19
bJer. 31:9 cIs.
29:23; 60:21;
12 aIs. 42:5;
Jer. 27:5 bGen.
1:26 cGen. 2:1;
Neh. 9:6
13 aIs. 41:2
b2 Chr. 36:22;
Is. 44:28
c[Rom. 3:24] 1Or make all
his ways
14 aPs. 68:31;
72:10, 11; Is.
14:1; 49:23;
60:9, 10, 14,
16; Zech. 8:22,
23 bPs. 149:8
cJer. 16:19;
Zech. 8:20–23;
1 Cor. 14:25
dIs. 45:5
15 aPs. 44:24;
Is. 57:17
16 aIs. 44:11
17 aIs. 26:4;
[Rom. 11:26] bIs. 51:6 cIs.
18 aIs. 42:5
bGen. 1:26;
Ps. 115:16;
Acts 17:26
cIs. 45:5 1Or
empty, a
19 aDeut. 30:11
bPs. 19:8; Is.
45:23; 63:1
1Or in a
waste place
20 aIs. 44:9;
46:7; Jer. 10:5
21 aIs. 41:22;
43:9 bIs. 44:8
22 aPs. 22:27;
23 aGen. 22:16;
Is. 62:8; [Heb.
6:13] bRom.
14:11; [Phil.
2:10] cDeut.
6:13; Ps.
63:11; Is.
19:18; 65:16
24 aIs. 54:17;
[Jer. 23:5;
1 Cor. 1:30] bIs. 41:11 1Or
Only in the
LORD are all
and strength
25 aIs. 45:17
b1 Cor. 1:31

CHAPTER 46 References

1 aIs. 21:9; Jer.
50:2 bJer. 10:5


18 For thus says the LORD, aWho created the heavens, Who is God, Who formed the earth and made it, Who has established it, Who did not create it 1in vain, Who formed it to be binhabited: c“I am the LORD, and there is no other.
19 I have not spoken in asecret, In a dark place of the earth; I did not say to the seed of Jacob, ‘Seek Me 1in vain’; bI, the LORD, speak righteousness, I declare things that are right.

20 “Assemble yourselves and come; Draw near together, You who have escaped from the nations. aThey have no knowledge, Who carry the wood of their carved image, And pray to a god that cannot save.
21 Tell and bring forth your case; Yes, let them take counsel together. aWho has declared this from ancient time? Who has told it from that time? Have not I, the LORD? bAnd there is no other God besides Me, A just God and a Savior; There is none besides Me.

22 “Look to Me, and be saved, aAll you ends of the earth! For I am God, and there is no other.
23 aI have sworn by Myself; The word has gone out of My mouth in righteousness, And shall not return, That to Me every bknee shall bow, cEvery tongue shall take an oath.
24 He shall say, 1‘Surely in the LORD I have arighteousness and strength. To Him men shall come, And ball shall be ashamed Who are incensed against Him.
25 aIn the LORD all the descendants of Israel Shall be justified, and bshall glory.’ ”

Dead Idols and the Living God


1 Bel abows down, Nebo stoops; Their idols were on the beasts and on the cattle. Your carriages were heavily loaded, bA burden to the weary beast.

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2 They stoop, they bow down together; They could not deliver the burden, aBut have themselves gone into captivity.

3 “Listen to Me, O house of Jacob, And all the remnant of the house of Israel, aWho have been upheld by Me from 1birth, Who have been carried from the womb:
4 Even to your old age, aI am He, And even to gray hairs bI will carry you! I have made, and I will bear; Even I will carry, and will deliver you.

5 “Toa whom will you liken Me, and make Me equal And compare Me, that we should be alike?
6 aThey lavish gold out of the bag, And weigh silver on the scales; They hire a bgoldsmith, and he makes it a god; They prostrate themselves, yes, they worship.
7 aThey bear it on the shoulder, they carry it And set it in its place, and it stands; From its place it shall not move. Though bone cries out to it, yet it cannot answer Nor save him out of his trouble.

8 “Remember this, and 1show yourselves men; aRecall to mind, O you transgressors.
9 aRemember the former things of old, For I am God, and bthere is no other; I am God, and there is none like Me,
10 aDeclaring the end from the beginning, And from ancient times things that are not yet done, Saying, b‘My counsel shall stand, And I will do all My pleasure,’
11 Calling a bird of prey afrom the east, The man bwho executes My counsel, from a far country. Indeed cI have spoken it; I will also bring it to pass. I have purposed it; I will also do it.

12 “Listen to Me, you astubborn-hearted, bWho are far from righteousness:
13 aI bring My righteousness near, it shall not be far off;

2 aJudg. 18:17,
18, 24; 2 Sam.
5:21; Jer. 48:7;
Hos. 10:5, 6
3 aDeut. 32:11;
Ps. 71:6; Is.
63:9 1Lit. the
4 aMal. 3:6
bPs. 48:14
5 aIs. 40:18, 25
6 aIs. 40:19;
41:6; Jer. 10:4
bIs. 44:12
7 aIs. 45:20;
46:1; Jer. 10:5
bIs. 45:20
8 aIs. 44:19 1be
men, take
9 aDeut. 32:7;
Is. 42:9; 65:17
bIs. 45:5, 21
10 aIs. 45:21;
48:3 bPs.
33:11; Prov.
19:21; 21:30;
Is. 14:24; 25:1;
Acts 5:39;
Heb. 6:17
11 aIs. 41:2, 25
bIs. 44:28
cNum. 23:19
12 aPs. 76:5; Is.
48:4; Zech.
7:11, 12; Mal.
3:13 b[Rom.
10:3] 13 a[Rom.
1:17] bHab.
2:3 cIs. 62:11;
Joel 3:17;
[1 Pet. 2:6] 1delay

CHAPTER 47 References

1 aJer. 48:18
bIs. 3:26 cIs.
14:18–23; Jer.
2 aEx. 11:5;
Jer. 25:10
3 aIs. 3:17;
20:4 b[Rom.
12:19] 4 aJer. 50:34
5 a1 Sam. 2:9
bIs. 13:19;
[Dan. 2:37];
Rev. 17:18
6 a2 Sam.
24:14 bIs.
43:28 cDeut.
28:49, 50
7 aRev. 18:7
bIs. 42:25; 46:8
cDeut. 32:29;
Jer. 5:31;
Ezek. 7:2, 3
9 aPs. 73:19;
1 Thess. 5:3;
Rev. 18:8

My salvation bshall not 1linger. And I will place csalvation in Zion, For Israel My glory.

The Humiliation of Babylon


1 “Come adown and bsit in the dust, O virgin daughter of cBabylon; Sit on the ground without a throne, O daughter of the Chaldeans! For you shall no more be called Tender and 1delicate.
2 aTake the millstones and grind meal. Remove your veil, Take off the skirt, Uncover the thigh, Pass through the rivers.
3 aYour nakedness shall be uncovered, Yes, your shame will be seen; bI will take vengeance, And I will not arbitrate with a man.”

4 As for aour Redeemer, the LORD of hosts is His name, The Holy One of Israel.

5 “Sit in asilence, and go into darkness, O daughter of the Chaldeans; bFor you shall no longer be called The Lady of Kingdoms.
6 aI was angry with My people; bI have profaned My inheritance, And given them into your hand. You showed them no mercy; cOn the elderly you laid your yoke very heavily.
7 And you said, ‘I shall be aa lady forever,’ So that you did not btake these things to heart, cNor remember the latter end of them.

8 “Therefore hear this now, you who are given to pleasures, Who dwell securely, Who say in your heart, ‘I am, and there is no one else besides me; I shall not sit as a widow, Nor shall I know the loss of children’;
9 But these two things shall come to you aIn a moment, in one day: The loss of children, and widowhood. They shall come upon you in their fullness Because of the multitude of your sorceries, For the great abundance of your enchantments.

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10 “For you have trusted in your wickedness; You have said, ‘No one asees me’; Your wisdom and your knowledge have 1warped you; And you have said in your heart, ‘I am, and there is no one else besides me.’
11 Therefore evil shall come upon you; You shall not know from where it arises. And trouble shall fall upon you; You will not be able 1to put it off. And adesolation shall come upon you bsuddenly, Which you shall not know.

12 “Stand now with your enchantments And the multitude of your sorceries, In which you have labored from your youth— Perhaps you will be able to profit, Perhaps you will prevail.
13 aYou are wearied in the multitude of your counsels; Let now bthe1 astrologers, the stargazers, And 2the monthly prognosticators Stand up and save you From what shall come upon you.
14 Behold, they shall be aas stubble, The fire shall bburn them; They shall not deliver themselves From the power of the flame; It shall not be a coal to be warmed by, Nor a fire to sit before!
15 Thus shall they be to you With whom you have labored, aYour merchants from your youth; They shall wander each one to his 1quarter. No one shall save you.

Israel Refined for God’s Glory


1 “Hear this, O house of Jacob, Who are called by the name of Israel, And have come forth from the wellsprings of Judah; Who swear by the name of the LORD, And make mention of the God of Israel, But anot in truth or in righteousness;
2 For they call themselves aafter the holy city, And blean on the God of Israel; The LORD of hosts is His name:

10 aIs. 29:15;
Ezek. 8:12; 9:9
1led you
11 aIs. 13:6;
Jer. 51:8, 43;
Luke 17:27;
1 Thess. 5:3
bIs. 29:5 1Lit.
to cover it or
atone for it
13 aIs. 57:10
bIs. 8:19;
44:25; 47:9;
Dan. 2:2, 10
1Lit. viewers
of the heavens
2Lit. those
giving knowledge
for new
14 aIs. 5:24;
Nah. 1:10;
Mal. 4:1 b[Is.
10:17]; Jer.
15 aRev. 18:11
1own side or

CHAPTER 48 References

1 aIs. 58:2; Jer.
4:2; 5:2
2 aIs. 52:1;
64:10 bIs.
10:20; Jer. 7:4;
21:2; Mic.
3:11; Rom.
3 aIs. 44:7, 8;
46:10 bJosh.
21:45; Is. 42:9
4 aEx. 32:9;
Deut. 31:27;
Ezek. 2:4; 3:7
1Heb. hard
8 aDeut. 9:7,
24; Ps. 58:3;
Is. 46:3, 8
9 aPs. 79:9;
106:8; Is.
43:25; Ezek.
20:9, 14, 22, 44
b[Neh. 9:30,
31]; Ps. 78:38;
Is. 30:18; 65:8
10 aPs. 66:10;
Jer. 9:7 bDeut.
4:20; 1 Kin.
8:51; Jer. 11:4
11 aLev. 22:2,
32; Deut.
32:26, 27;
Ezek. 20:9 bIs.
12 aDeut. 32:39
bIs. 44:6; [Rev.
22:13] 13 aEx. 20:11;
Ps. 102:25; Is.
42:5; 45:12,
18; Heb.
1:10–12 bIs.

ISAIAH 48:13

3 “I have adeclared the former things from the beginning; They went forth from My mouth, and I caused them to hear it. Suddenly I did them, band they came to pass.
4 Because I knew that you were 1obstinate, And ayour neck was an iron sinew, And your brow bronze,
5 Even from the beginning I have declared it to you; Before it came to pass I proclaimed it to you, Lest you should say, ‘My idol has done them, And my carved image and my molded image Have commanded them.’

6 “You have heard; See all this. And will you not declare it? I have made you hear new things from this time, Even hidden things, and you did not know them.
7 They are created now and not from the beginning; And before this day you have not heard them, Lest you should say, ‘Of course I knew them.’
8 Surely you did not hear, Surely you did not know; Surely from long ago your ear was not opened. For I knew that you would deal very treacherously, And were called aa transgressor from the womb.

9 “Fora My name’s sake bI will 1defer My anger, And for My praise I will restrain it from you, So that I do not cut you off.
10 Behold, aI have refined you, but not as silver; I have tested you in the bfurnace of affliction.
11 For My own sake, for My own sake, I will do it; For ahow should My name be profaned? And bI will not give My glory to another.

God’s Ancient Plan to Redeem Israel

12 “Listen to Me, O Jacob, And Israel, My called: I am He, aI am the bFirst, I am also the Last.
13 Indeed aMy hand has laid the foundation of the earth, And My right hand has stretched out the heavens; When bI call to them, They stand up together.

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ISAIAH 48:14

14 “All of you, assemble yourselves, and hear! Who among them has declared these things? aThe LORD loves him; bHe shall do His pleasure on Babylon, And His arm shall be against the Chaldeans.
15 I, even I, have spoken; Yes, aI have called him, I have brought him, and his way will prosper.

16 “Come near to Me, hear this: aI have not spoken in secret from the beginning; From the time that it was, I was there. And now bthe Lord GOD and His Spirit 1Have sent Me.”

17 Thus says athe LORD, your Redeemer, The Holy One of Israel: “I am the LORD your God, Who teaches you to profit, bWho leads you by the way you should go.
18 aOh, that you had heeded My commandments! bThen your peace would have been like a river, And your righteousness like the waves of the sea.
19 aYour descendants also would have been like the sand, And the offspring of your body like the grains of sand; His name would not have been cut off Nor destroyed from before Me.”

20 aGo forth from Babylon! Flee from the Chaldeans! With a voice of singing, Declare, proclaim this, Utter it to the end of the earth; Say, “The LORD has bredeemed His servant Jacob!”
21 And they adid not thirst When He led them through the deserts; He bcaused the waters to flow from the rock for them; He also split the rock, and the waters gushed out.

22 “Therea is no peace,” says the LORD, “for the wicked.”

14 aIs. 45:1 bIs.
15 aIs. 45:1, 2
16 aIs. 45:19
bZech. 2:8, 9,
11 1Heb. verb
is sing.; or
Has sent Me
and His
17 aIs. 43:14
bPs. 32:8
18 aPs. 81:13
bPs. 119:165
19 aGen. 22:17
20 aZech. 2:6,
7 b[Ex.
19:4–6] 21 a[Is. 41:17,
18] bEx. 17:6
22 a[Is. 57:21]

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PSALM 119 vv. 33 – 47

h HE

33 aTeach me, O LORD, the way of Your statutes, And I shall keep it to the end.
34 aGive me understanding, and I shall keep Your law; Indeed, I shall observe it with my whole heart.
35 Make me walk in the path of Your commandments, For I delight in it.
36 1Incline my heart to Your testimonies, And not to acovetousness.
37 aTurn1 away my eyes from blooking at worthless things, And revive me in 2Your way.
38 aEstablish Your word to Your servant, Who is devoted to fearing You.
39 Turn away my reproach which I dread, For Your judgments are good.

PSALM 119 vv. 33 – 47 References

33 a[Matt.
10:22; Rev.
2:26] 34 a[Prov. 2:6;
James 1:5] 36 aEzek.
33:31; [Mark
7:20–23]; Luke
12:15; [Heb.
13:5] 1Cause
me to long for
37 aIs. 33:15
bProv. 23:5
1Lit. Cause
my eyes to
pass away
from 2So with
MT, LXX,Vg.;
Tg. Your
38 a2 Sam.
42 1taunts
45 aProv. 4:12
1Lit. in a wide
46 aPs. 138:1;
Matt. 10:18;
Acts 26

40 Behold, I long for Your precepts; Revive me in Your righteousness.


41 Let Your mercies come also to me, O LORD— Your salvation according to Your word.
42 So shall I have an answer for him who 1reproaches me, For I trust in Your word.
43 And take not the word of truth utterly out of my mouth, For I have hoped in Your ordinances.
44 So shall I keep Your law continually, Forever and ever.
45 And I will walk 1at aliberty, For I seek Your precepts.
46 aI will speak of Your testimonies also before kings, And will not be ashamed.
47 And I will delight myself in Your commandments, Which I love.

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PSALM 119 vv. 48 – 64

48 My hands also I will lift up to Your commandments, Which I love, And I will meditate on Your statutes.


49 Remember the word to Your servant, Upon which You have caused me to hope.
50 This is my acomfort in my affliction, For Your word has given me life.
51 The proud have me in great derision, Yet I do not turn aside from Your law.
52 I remembered Your judgments of old, O LORD, And have comforted myself.
53 aIndignation has taken hold of me Because of the wicked, who forsake Your law.
54 Your statutes have been my songs In the house of my pilgrimage.
55 aI remember Your name in the night, O LORD, And I keep Your law.
56 This has become mine, Because I kept Your precepts.

PSALM 119 vv. 48 – 64 References

50 aJob 6:10;
[Rom. 15:4] 53 aEx. 32:19;
Ezra 9:3; Neh.
55 aPs. 63:6
57 aNum.
18:20; Ps.
16:5; Jer.
10:16; Lam.
59 aMark
14:72; Luke
62 aActs 16:25
64 aPs. 33:5


57 aYou are my portion, O LORD; I have said that I would keep Your words.
58 I entreated Your favor with my whole heart; Be merciful to me according to Your word.
59 I athought about my ways, And turned my feet to Your testimonies.
60 I made haste, and did not delay To keep Your commandments.
61 The cords of the wicked have bound me, But I have not forgotten Your law.
62 aAt midnight I will rise to give thanks to You, Because of Your righteous judgments.
63 I am a companion of all who fear You, And of those who keep Your precepts.
64 aThe earth, O LORD, is full of Your mercy; Teach me Your statutes.




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