Creation & Fall
(Category 1 of 16)
Watch our Read Scripture video on the book of Genesis, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. This is the first of two Read Scripture videos dedicated to the book of Genesis, which aims to help you see its unique contribution to the story of Jesus, but also how it works within the Bible’s overall framework.
Genesis 1-11 (RS)
The First Book of Moses Called
THE first part of Genesis focuses on the beginning and spread of sin in the world and culminates in the devastating flood in the days of Noah. The second part of the book focuses on God’s dealings with one man, Abraham, through whom God promises to bring salvation and blessing to the world. Abraham and his descendants learn firsthand that it is always safe to trust the Lord in times of famine and feasting, blessing and bondage. From Abraham . . . to Isaac . . . to Jacob . . . to Joseph . . . God’s promises begin to come to fruition in a great nation possessing a great land.
Genesis is a Greek word meaning “origin,” “source,” “generation,” or “beginning.”
The original Hebrew title Bereshith means “In the Beginning.”
The literary structure of Genesis is clear and is built around eleven separate units, each including the word genealogy in the phrase “This is the genealogy” or “The book of the genealogy”: (1) Introduction to the Genealogies (1:1—2:3); (2) Heaven and Earth (2:4—4:26); (3) Adam (5:1—6:8); (4) Noah (6:9—9:29); (5) Sons of
Noah (10:1—11:9); (6) Shem (11:10–26); (7) Terah (11:27—25:11); (8) Ishmael (25:12–18); (9) Isaac (25:19—35:29); (10) Esau (36:1—37:1); (11) Jacob (37:2—50:26).
The History of Creation
1 IN the abeginning bGod created the heavens and the earth.
2 The earth was awithout form, and void; and darkness 1was on the face of the deep. bAnd the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.
3 aThen God said, b“Let there be clight”; and there was light.
4 And God saw the light, that it was good; and God divided the light from the darkness.
5 God called the light Day, and the adarkness He called Night. 1So the evening and the morning were the
6 Then God said, a“Let there be a 1firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters
from the waters.”
7 Thus God made the firmament, aand divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were babove the firmament; and it was so.
8 And God called the firmament Heaven. So the evening and the morning were the second day.
9 Then God said, a“Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and blet the
dry land appear”; and it was so.
10 And God called the dry land Earth, and the gathering together of the waters He called Seas. And God
saw that it was good.
11 Then God said, “Let the earth abring forth grass, the herb that yields seed, and the bfruit tree that
yields fruit according to its kind, whose seed is in itself, on the earth”; and it was so.
12 And the earth brought forth
grass, the herb that yields seed
CHAPTER 1 References
1 a[John 1:1–3]
2 aJer. 4:23
bIs. 40:13, 14
are not found
in the original
3 aPs. 33:6, 9
b2 Cor. 4:6
c[Heb. 11:3] 5 aPs. 19:2;
was, a day,
6 aJer. 10:12
7 aProv. 8:27–
29 bPs. 148:4
9 aJob 26:10
bPs. 24:1, 2;
11 aHeb. 6:7
b2 Sam. 16:1
14 aPs. 74:16;
16 aPs. 136:8
bPs. 8:3 cJob
17 aGen. 15:5
18 aJer. 31:35
21 aPs. 104:25–
22 aGen. 8:17
according to its kind, and the tree that yields fruit, whose seed is in itself according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
13 So the evening and the morning were the third day.
14 Then God said, “Let there be alights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs and bseasons, and for days and years;
15 “and let them be for lights in the firmament of the heavens to give light on the earth”; and it was so.
16 Then God made two great 1lights: the agreater light to rule the day, and the blesser light to rule the night. He made cthe stars also.
17 God set them in the firmament of the aheavens to give light on the earth,
18 and to arule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good.
19 So the evening and the morning were the fourth day.
20 Then God said, “Let the waters abound with an abundance of living 1creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the face of the 2firmament of the heavens.”
21 So aGod created great sea creatures and every living thing that moves, with which the waters abounded, according to their kind, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
22 And God blessed them, saying, a“Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.”
23 So the evening and the morning were the fifth day.
24 Then God said, “Let the earth
bring forth the living creature according to its kind: cattle and creeping thing and beast of the earth, each according to its kind”; and it was so.
25 And God made the beast of the earth according to its kind, cattle according to its kind, and everything that creeps on the earth according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
26 Then God said, a“Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; blet them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over 1all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”
27 So God created man ain His own image; in the image of God He created him; bmale and female He created them.
28 Then God blessed them, and God said to them, a“Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and bsubdue
it; have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over every living thing that 1moves on the earth.”
29 And God said, “See, I have given you every herb that yields seed which is on the face of all the earth,
and every tree whose fruit yields seed; ato you it shall be for food.
30 “Also, to aevery beast of the earth, to every bbird of the air, and to everything that creeps on the earth, in which there is 1life, I have given every green herb for food”; and it was so.
31 Then aGod saw everything that He had made, and indeed it was very good. So the evening and the morning were the sixth day.
1 Thus the heavens and the earth, and aall the host of them, were finished.
2 aAnd on the seventh day God
ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done.
3 Then God ablessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.
4 aThis is the 1history of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens,
5 before any aplant of the field was in the earth and before any herb of the field had grown. For the LORD God had not bcaused it to rain on the earth, and there was no man cto till the ground;
6 but a mist went up from the earth and watered the whole face of the ground.
7 And the LORD God formed man of the adust of the ground, and bbreathed into his cnostrils the breath of life; and dman became a living being.
26 a[Eph. 4:24]
bGen. 9:2 1Syr.
all the wild animals
27 aGen. 5:2
28 aGen. 9:1, 7
b1 Cor. 9:27
29 aGen. 9:3
30 aPs. 145:15
1a living soul
31 a[Ps. 104:24]
CHAPTER 2 References
1 aPs. 33:6
2 aEx. 20:9–11;
3 a[Is. 58:13] 4 aGen. 1:1
5 aGen. 1:11,
12 bGen. 7:4
7 aGen. 3:19,
23 bJob 33:4
d1 Cor. 15:45
8 aIs. 51:3
bGen. 3:23, 24
9 aEzek. 31:8
b[Gen. 3:22] c[Deut. 1:39] 11 aGen. 25:18
12 aNum. 11:7
14 aDan. 10:4
15 1Or Adam
17 aGen. 3:1, 3,
11, 17 bGen.
3:3, 19 cRom.
18 a1 Cor.
19 aGen. 1:20,
24 bPs. 8:6 1Or
21 a1 Sam.
22 a1 Tim. 2:13
23 aGen. 29:14
b1 Cor. 11:8, 9
24 aMatt. 19:5
Life in God’s Garden
8 The LORD God planted aa garden beastward in cEden, and there He put the man whom He had formed.
9 And out of the ground the LORD God made aevery tree grow that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. bThe tree of life was also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and cevil.
10 Now a river went out of Eden to water the garden, and from there it parted and became four riverheads.
11 The name of the first is Pishon; it is the one which skirts athe whole land of Havilah, where there is gold.
12 And the gold of that land is good. aBdellium and the onyx stone are there.
13 The name of the second river is Gihon; it is the one which goes around the whole land of Cush.
14 The name of the third river is aHiddekel;1 it is the one which goes toward the east of 2Assyria. The
fourth river is the Euphrates. 15 Then the LORD God took 1the man and put him in the garden of Eden to 2tend and keep it.
16 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, “Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat;
17 “but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil ayou shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it
byou1 shall surely cdie.”
18 And the LORD God said, “It is not good that man should be alone; aI will make him a helper comparable to him.”
19 aOut of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field and every bird of the air, and bbrought them to 1Adam to see what he would call them. And whatever Adam called each living creature, that was its name.
20 So Adam gave names to all cattle, to the birds of the air, and to every beast of the field. But for Adam there was not found a helper comparable to him.
21 And the LORD God caused a adeep sleep to fall on Adam, and he slept; and He took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh in its place.
22 Then the rib which the LORD God had taken from man He 1made into a woman, aand He bbrought her to the man.
23 And Adam said: “This is now abone of my bones And flesh of my flesh; She shall be called 1Woman, Because she was btaken out of 2Man.”
24 aTherefore a man shall leave his father and mother and bbe1 joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.
25 aAnd they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not bashamed.
The Temptation and Fall of Man
1 Now athe serpent was bmore cunning than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said to the woman, “Has God indeed said, ‘You shall not eat of every tree of the garden’?”
2 And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat the afruit of the trees of the garden;
3 “but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat it, nor
shall you atouch it, lest you die.’ ”
4 aThen the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die.
5 “For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God,
knowing good and evil.”
6 So when the woman asaw that the tree was good for food, that it was 1pleasant to the eyes, and a tree desirable to make one wise, she took of its fruit band ate. She also gave to her husband with her, and he ate.
7 Then the eyes of both of them were opened, aand they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves 1coverings.
8 And they heard athe 1sound of the LORD God walking in the garden in the 2cool of the day, and Adam and his wife bhid themselves from the presence of the LORD God among the trees of the garden.
9 Then the LORD God called to Adam and said to him, “Where are you?”
10 So he said, “I heard Your voice in the garden, aand I was afraid because I was naked; and I hid myself.”
11 And He said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree of which I commanded you that you should not eat?”
12 Then the man said, a“The woman whom You gave to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I
13 And the LORD God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, a“The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”
14 So the LORD God said to the serpent: “Because you have done this, You are cursed more than all cattle, And more than every beast of the field; On your belly you shall go, And ayou shall eat dust All the days of your life.
15 And I will put enmity Between you and the woman,
25 aGen. 3:7,
10 bIs. 47:3
CHAPTER 3 References
1 a1 Chr. 21:1
b2 Cor. 11:3
2 aGen. 2:16,
3 aEx. 19:12,
4 a[2 Cor. 11:3] 6 a1 John 2:16
b1 Tim. 2:14
1Lit. a desirable
7 aGen. 2:25
8 aJob 38:1
bJob 31:33 1Or
10 aGen. 2:25
28:13] 13 a2 Cor. 11:3
15 aJohn 8:44
16 aJohn 16:21
c1 Cor. 11:3
17 a1 Sam.
18 aPs. 104:14
19 a2 Thess.
2:7; 5:5 cJob
20 a2 Cor. 11:3
1Lit. Life or
23 aGen. 4:2;
24 aEzek. 31:3,
11 bPs. 104:4
And between ayour seed and bher Seed; cHe shall bruise your head, And you shall bruise His heel.”
16 To the woman He said: “I will greatly multiply your sorrow and your conception; aIn pain you shall bring forth children; bYour desire shall be 1for your husband, And he shall crule over you.”
17 Then to Adam He said, a“Because you have heeded the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree bof which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat of it’: c“Cursed is the ground for your sake; dIn toil you shall eat of it All the days of your life.
18 Both thorns and thistles it shall 1bring forth for you, And ayou shall eat the herb of the field.
19 aIn the sweat of your face you shall eat bread Till you return to the ground, For out of it you were taken; bFor dust you are, And cto dust you shall return.”
20 And Adam called his wife’s name aEve,1 because she was the mother of all living.
21 Also for Adam and his wife the LORD God made of skin, and clothed them.
22 Then the LORD God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of Us, to know good and evil. And now, lest he put out his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever”—
23 therefore the LORD God sent him out of the garden of Eden ato till the ground from which he was taken.
24 So aHe drove out the man; and He placed b cat the east of the garden of Eden, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to guard the way to the tree of dlife.
The Book oF
THE Book of Psalms is the largest and perhaps most widely used book in the Bible. It explores the full range of human experience in a very personal and practical way. Its 150 “songs” run from the Creation through the patriarchal, theocratic, monarchical, exilic, and postexilic periods. The tremendous breadth of subject matter in the Psalms includes diverse topics, such as jubilation, war, peace, worship, judgment, messianic prophecy, praise, and lament. The Psalms were set to the accompaniment of stringed instruments and served as the temple hymnbook and devotional guide for the Jewish people. The Book of Psalms was gradually collected and originally unnamed, perhaps due to the great variety of material. It came to be known as Sepher Tehillim— “Book of Praises”—because almost every psalm contains some note of praise to God. The Septuagint uses the Greek work Psalmoi as its title for this book, meaning “Poems Sung to the Accompaniment of Musical Instruments.” It also calls it the Psalterium (“A Collection of Songs”), and this word is the basis for the term Psalter. The Latin title is Liber Psalmorum, “Book of Psalms.”
The Way of the Righteous and the End of the Ungodly
1 BLESSED ais the man Who walks not in the counsel of the 1ungodly, Nor stands in the path of sinners, bNor sits in the seat of the scornful;
2 But ahis delight is in the law of the LORD, bAnd in His law he 1meditates day and night.
PSALM 1 References
1 aProv. 4:14
2 aPs. 119:14,
16, 35 b[Josh.
by talking to
3 aJer. 17:8
bGen. 39:2, 3,
4 aJob 21:18
6 aPs. 37:18
4 The ungodly are not so, But are alike the chaff which the wind drives away.
5 Therefore the ungodly shall not stand in the judgment, Nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous.
6 For athe LORD knows the way of the righteous, But the way of the ungodly shall perish.
DREAM IT => PLAN IT => DO IT
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