The Wisdom of Israel
(Category 9 of 16)
How do you trust God even when life isn’t fair and you suffer for no good reason? Job’s story invites us to consider what it means that God runs the world by wisdom, and how this truth can bring peace in dark times. Job is the last of the three books that explore these themes of biblical wisdom.
Job was rewarded, he was given double what he lost. More importantly, God showed him some life changing truths, and answered and supported Job’s arguments and his need to know what he had done wrong.
Explore Wisdom Series
Eliphaz: Job Has Sinned
1 Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said:
2 “If one attempts a word with you, will you become weary? But who can withhold himself from speaking?
3 Surely you have instructed many, And you ahave strengthened weak hands.
4 Your words have upheld him who was stumbling, And you ahave strengthened the 1feeble knees;
5 But now it comes upon you, and you are weary; It touches you, and you are troubled.
6 Is not ayour reverence byour confidence? And the integrity of your ways your hope?
CHAPTER 4 References
3 aIs. 35:3
4 aIs. 35:3 1Lit.
6 aJob 1:1
7 a[Job 8:20;
36:6, 7; Ps.
37:25] 8 a[Job 15:31,
35; Prov. 22:8;
Gal. 6:7] 10 aJob 5:15;
11 aJob 29:17;
13 aJob 33:15
14 aHab. 3:16
18 aJob 15:15
20 aPs. 90:5, 6
CHAPTER 5 References
3 a[Ps. 37:35,
7 “Remember now, awho ever perished being innocent? Or where were the upright ever cut off?
8 Even as I have seen, aThose who plow iniquity And sow trouble reap the same.
9 By the blast of God they perish, And by the breath of His anger they are consumed.
10 The roaring of the lion, The voice of the fierce lion, And athe teeth of the young lions are broken.
11 aThe old lion perishes for lack of prey, And the cubs of the lioness are scattered.
12 “Now a word was secretly brought to me, And my ear received a whisper of it.
13 aIn disquieting thoughts from the visions of the night, When deep sleep falls on men,
14 Fear came upon me, and atrembling, Which made all my bones shake.
15 Then a spirit passed before my face; The hair on my body stood up.
16 It stood still, But I could not discern its appearance. A form was before my eyes; There was silence; Then I heard a voice saying:
17 ‘Can a mortal be more righteous than God? Can a man be more pure than his Maker?
18 If He aputs no trust in His servants, If He charges His angels with error,
19 How much more those who dwell in houses of clay, Whose foundation is in the dust, Who are crushed before a moth?
20 aThey are broken in pieces from morning till evening; They perish forever, with no one regarding.
21 Does not their own excellence go away? They die, even without wisdom.’
Eliphaz: Job Is Chastened by God
1 “Call out now; Is there anyone who will answer you? And to which of the holy ones will you turn?
2 For wrath kills a foolish man, And envy slays a simple one.
3 aI have seen the foolish taking root,
But suddenly I cursed his dwelling place.
4 His sons are afar from safety, They are crushed in the gate, And bthere is no deliverer.
5 Because the hungry eat up his harvest, 1Taking it even from the thorns, 2And a snare snatches their 3substance.
6 For affliction does not come from the dust, Nor does trouble spring from the ground;
7 Yet man is aborn to 1trouble, As the sparks fly upward.
8 “But as for me, I would seek God, And to God I would commit my cause—
9 Who does great things, and unsearchable, Marvelous things without number.
10 aHe gives rain on the earth, And sends waters on the fields.
11 aHe sets on high those who are lowly, And those who mourn are lifted to safety.
12 aHe frustrates the devices of the crafty, So that their hands cannot carry out their plans.
13 He catches the awise in their own craftiness, And the counsel of the cunning comes quickly upon them.
14 They meet with darkness in the daytime, And grope at noontime as in the night.
15 But aHe saves the needy from the sword, From the mouth of the mighty, And from their hand.
16 aSo the poor have hope, And injustice shuts her mouth.
17 “Behold,a happy is the man whom God corrects; Therefore do not despise the chastening of the Almighty.
18 aFor He bruises, but He binds up; He wounds, but His hands make whole.
19 aHe shall deliver you in six troubles, Yes, in seven bno evil shall touch you.
20 aIn famine He shall redeem you from death, And in war from the 1power of the sword.
21 aYou shall be hidden from the scourge of the tongue, And you shall not be afraid of destruction when it comes.
22 You shall laugh at destruction and famine,
4 aPs. 119:155
5 1LXX They
shall not be
evil men; Vg.
shall take him
off; Vg. And
shall drink up
7 aJob 14:1
38:26] 11 aPs. 113:7
12 aNeh. 4:15
13 a[Job 37:24;
1 Cor. 3:19] 15 aJob 4:10,
11; Ps. 35:10
16 a1 Sam. 2:8;
Ps. 107:41, 42
17 aPs. 94:12;
[Prov. 3:11, 12;
Heb. 12:5, 6;
Rev. 3:19] 18 a[Deut.
32:39; 1 Sam.
2:6, 7]; Is.
30:26; Hos. 6:1
19 aPs. 34:19;
91:3; [1 Cor.
24:16] 20 aPs. 33:19,
20; 37:19 1Lit.
21 aJob 5:15;
22 aPs. 91:13;
Is. 11:9; 35:9;
23 aPs. 91:12
25 aPs. 112:2
26 a[Prov. 9:11;
10:27] 27 aPs. 111:2
CHAPTER 6 References
4 aJob 16:13;
Ps. 38:2 bPs.
88:15, 16 cJob
5 aJob 39:5–8
9 aNum. 11:15;
1 Kin. 19:4;
Job 7:16; 9:21;
10 aActs 20:20
b[Lev. 19:2; Is.
And ayou shall not be afraid of the bbeasts of the earth.
23 aFor you shall have a covenant with the stones of the field, And the beasts of the field shall be at peace with you.
24 You shall know that your tent is in peace; You shall visit your dwelling and find nothing amiss.
25 You shall also know that ayour descendants shall be many, And your offspring blike the grass of the earth.
26 aYou shall come to the grave at a full age, As a sheaf of grain ripens in its season.
27 Behold, this we have asearched out; It is true. Hear it, and know for yourself.”
Job: My Complaint Is Just
1 Then Job answered and said:
2 “Oh, that my grief were fully weighed, And my calamity laid with it on the scales!
3 For then it would be heavier than the sand of the sea— Therefore my words have been rash.
4 aFor the arrows of the Almighty are within me; My spirit drinks in their poison; bThe terrors of God are arrayed cagainst me.
5 Does the awild donkey bray when it has grass, Or does the ox low over its fodder?
6 Can flavorless food be eaten without salt? Or is there any taste in the white of an egg?
7 My soul refuses to touch them; They are as loathsome food to me.
8 “Oh, that I might have my request, That God would grant me the thing that I long for!
9 That it would please God to crush me, That He would loose His hand and acut me off!
10 Then I would still have comfort; Though in anguish I would exult, He will not spare; For aI have not concealed the words of bthe Holy One.
11 “What strength do I have, that I should hope? And what is my end, that I should prolong my life?
12 Is my strength the strength of stones? Or is my flesh bronze?
13 Is my help not within me? And is success driven from me?
14 “Toa him who is 1afflicted, kindness should be shown by his friend, Even though he forsakes the fear of the Almighty.
15 aMy brothers have dealt deceitfully like a brook, bLike the streams of the brooks that pass away,
16 Which are dark because of the ice, And into which the snow vanishes.
17 When it is warm, they cease to flow; When it is hot, they vanish from their place.
18 The paths of their way turn aside, They go nowhere and perish.
19 The caravans of aTema look, The travelers of bSheba hope for them.
20 They are adisappointed1 because they were confident; They come there and are confused.
21 For now ayou are nothing, You see terror and bare afraid.
22 Did I ever say, ‘Bring something to me’? Or, ‘Offer a bribe for me from your wealth’?
23 Or, ‘Deliver me from the enemy’s hand’? Or, ‘Redeem me from the hand of oppressors’?
24 “Teach me, and I will hold my tongue; Cause me to understand wherein I have erred.
25 How forceful are right words! But what does your arguing prove?
26 Do you intend to rebuke my words, And the speeches of a desperate one, which are as wind?
27 Yes, you overwhelm the fatherless, And you aundermine your friend.
28 Now therefore, be pleased to look at me; For I would never lie to your face.
29 aYield now, let there be no injustice! Yes, concede, my brighteousness 1still stands!
30 Is there injustice on my tongue? Cannot my 1taste discern the unsavory?
Job: My Suffering Is Comfortless
1 “Is there not aa time of hard service for man on earth?
17:17] 1Or despairing
15 aPs. 38:11
19 aGen. 25:15;
Is. 21:14; Jer.
25:23 b1 Kin.
20 aJer. 14:3
21 aJob 13:4
27 aPs. 57:6
29 aJob 17:10
bJob 27:5, 6;
34:5 1Lit. is in
CHAPTER 7 References
1 a[Job 14:5,
13, 14]; Ps.
2 1Lit. pants
3 a[Job 15:31] 4 aDeut. 28:67;
Job 7:13, 14
5 aIs. 14:11
6 aJob 9:25;
[James 4:14] 7 aJob 7:16;
8 aJob 8:18;
9 a2 Sam.
10 aPs. 103:16
11 aPs. 39:1, 9
b1 Sam. 1:10
13 aJob 9:27
15 1Lit. my
16 aJob 10:1
bJob 14:6 cPs.
17 aJob 22:2;
Ps. 8:4; 144:3;
18 1attend to
Are not his days also like the days of a hired man?
2 Like a servant who 1earnestly desires the shade, And like a hired man who eagerly looks for his wages,
3 So I have been allotted amonths of futility, And wearisome nights have been appointed to me.
4 aWhen I lie down, I say, ‘When shall I arise, And the night be ended?’ For I have had my fill of tossing till dawn.
5 My flesh is acaked with worms and dust, My skin is cracked and breaks out afresh.
6 “Mya days are swifter than a weaver’s shuttle, And are spent without hope.
7 Oh, remember that amy life is a breath! My eye will never again see good.
8 aThe eye of him who sees me will see me no more; While your eyes are upon me, I shall no longer be.
9 As the cloud disappears and vanishes away, So ahe who goes down to the grave does not come up.
10 He shall never return to his house, aNor shall his place know him anymore.
11 “Therefore I will anot restrain my mouth; I will speak in the anguish of my spirit; I will bcomplain in the bitterness of my soul.
12 Am I a sea, or a sea serpent, That You set a guard over me?
13 aWhen I say, ‘My bed will comfort me, My couch will ease my complaint,’
14 Then You scare me with dreams And terrify me with visions,
15 So that my soul chooses strangling And death rather than 1my body.
16 aI loathe my life; I would not live forever. bLet me alone, For cmy days are but 1a breath.
17 “Whata is man, that You should exalt him, That You should set Your heart on him,
18 That You should 1visit him every morning, And test him every moment?
19 How long?
Will You not look away from me, And let me alone till I
20 Have I sinned? What have I done to You, aO watcher of men? Why bhave You set me as Your target, So that I am a burden 1to myself?
21 Why then do You not pardon my transgression, And take away my iniquity? For now I will lie down in the dust, And You will seek me diligently, But I will no longer be.”
20 aPs. 36:6
bPs. 21:12 1So
with MT, Tg.,
Thanksgiving to God for His Enduring Mercy
1 OH, agive thanks to the LORD, for He is good! bFor His mercy endures forever.
2 Oh, give thanks to athe God of gods! For His mercy endures forever.
3 Oh, give thanks to the Lord of lords! For His mercy endures forever:
4 To Him awho alone does great wonders, For His mercy endures forever;
5 aTo Him who by wisdom made the heavens, For His mercy endures forever;
6 aTo Him who laid out the earth above the waters,a For His mercy endures forever;
7 aTo Him who made great lights, For His mercy endures forever—
8 aThe sun to rule by day, For His mercy endures forever;
9 The moon and stars to rule by night, For His mercy endures forever.
10 aTo Him who struck Egypt in their firstborn, For His mercy endures forever;
11 aAnd brought out Israel from among them, For His mercy endures forever.
12 aWith a strong hand, and with 1an outstretched arm, For His mercy endures forever.
PSALM 136 References
1 aPs. 106:1
b1 Chr. 16:34;
10:17] 4 aDeut. 6:22;
Job 9:10; Ps.
5 aGen. 1:1,
6 aGen. 1:9;
Ps. 24:2; [Is.
8 aGen. 1:16
10 aEx. 12:29;
11 aEx. 12:51;
12 aEx. 6:6;
2 Kin. 17:36;
2 Chr. 6:32;
13 aEx. 14:21
15 aEx. 14:27
16 aEx. 13:18;
18 aDeut. 29:7
19 aNum. 21:21
20 aNum. 21:33
21 aJosh. 12:1
23 aGen. 8:1;
24 aPs. 44:7
25 aPs. 104:27;
13 aTo Him who divided the Red Sea in two, For His mercy endures forever.
14 And made Israel pass through the midst of it, For His mercy endures forever.
15 aBut overthrew Pharaoh and his army in the Red Sea, For His mercy endures forever.
16 aTo Him who led His people through the wilderness, For His mercy endures forever.
17 aTo Him who struck down great kings, For His mercy endures forever.
18 aAnd slew famous kings, For His mercy endures forever—
19 aSihon king of the Amorites, For His mercy endures forever;
20 aAnd Og king of Bashan, For His mercy endures forever—
21 aAnd gave their land as a 1heritage, For His mercy endures forever;
22 A heritage to Israel His servant, For His mercy endures forever.
23 Who aremembered us in our lowly state, For His mercy endures forever;
24 And arescued us from our enemies, For His mercy endures forever;
25 aWho gives food to all flesh, For His mercy endures forever.
26 Oh, give thanks to the God of heaven! For His mercy endures forever.
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