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The Wisdom of Israel

(Category 9 of 16)

page 463

CHAPTER 32 References

1 aJob 6:29;
31:6; 33:9

Elihu Contradicts Job’s Friends


1 So these three men ceased answering Job, because he was arighteous in his own eyes.

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JOB 32:2

2 Then the wrath of Elihu, the son of Barachel the aBuzite, of the family of Ram,was aroused against Job; his wrath was aroused because he bjustified himself rather than God.
3 Also against his three friends his wrath was aroused, because they had found no answer, and yet had condemned Job.
4 Now because they were years older than he, Elihu had waited 1to speak to Job.
5 When Elihu saw that there was no answer in the mouth of these three men, his wrath was aroused.
6 So Elihu, the son of Barachel the Buzite, answered and said:

“I am ayoung in years, and you are very old; Therefore I was afraid, And dared not declare my opinion to you.
7 I said, 1‘Age should speak, And multitude of years should teach wisdom.’
8 But there is a spirit in man, And athe breath of the Almighty gives him understanding.
9 aGreat1 men are not always wise, Nor do the aged always understand justice.

10 “Therefore I say, ‘Listen to me, I also will declare my opinion.’
11 Indeed I waited for your words, I listened to your reasonings, while you searched out what to say.
12 I paid close attention to you; And surely not one of you convinced Job, Or answered his words—
13 aLest you say, ‘We have found wisdom’; God will vanquish him, not man.
14 Now he has not 1directed his words against me; So I will not answer him with your words.

15 “They are dismayed and answer no more; Words escape them.
16 And I have waited, because they did not speak, Because they stood still and answered no more.
17 I also will answer my part, I too will declare my opinion.
18 For I am full of words; The spirit within me compels me.
19 Indeed my 1belly is like wine that has no 2vent; It is ready to burst like new wineskins.
20 I will speak, that I may find relief;

2 aGen. 22:21
bJob 27:5, 6
4 1Vg. till Job
had spoken
6 aLev. 19:32
7 1Lit. Days,
8 a1 Kin. 3:12;
4:29; [Job
35:11; 38:36;
Prov. 2:6;
Eccl. 2:26;
Dan. 1:17;
2:21; Matt.
11:25; James
1:5] 9 a[1 Cor. 1:26] 1Or Men of
many years
13 a[Jer. 9:23;
1 Cor. 1:29] 14 1ordered
19 1bosom
22 aJob 27:8

CHAPTER 33 References

4 a[Gen. 2:7];
Job 32:8
6 aJob 4:19
1Lit. as your
7 aJob 9:34
8 1Lit. in my
9 aJob 10:7
10 aJob 13:24;
11 aJob 13:27;
13 aJob 40:2;
[Is. 45:9] 14 aJob 33:29;
40:5; Ps. 62:11
15 a[Num.
12:6] 16 a[Job 36:10,

I must open my lips and answer.
21 Let me not, I pray, show partiality to anyone; Nor let me flatter any man.
22 For I do not know how to flatter, Else my Maker would soon take me aaway.

Elihu Contradicts Job


1 “But please, Job, hear my speech, And listen to all my words.
2 Now, I open my mouth; My tongue speaks in my mouth.
3 My words come from my upright heart; My lips utter pure knowledge.
4 aThe Spirit of God has made me, And the breath of the Almighty gives me life.
5 If you can answer me, Set your words in order before me; Take your stand.
6 aTruly I am 1as your spokesman before God; I also have been formed out of clay.
7 aSurely no fear of me will terrify you, Nor will my hand be heavy on you.

8 “Surely you have spoken 1in my hearing, And I have heard the sound of your words, saying,
9 ‘Ia am pure, without transgression; I am innocent, and there is no iniquity in me.
10 Yet He finds occasions against me, aHe counts me as His enemy;
11 aHe puts my feet in the stocks, He watches all my paths.’

12 “Look, in this you are not righteous. I will answer you, For God is greater than man.
13 Why do you acontend with Him? For He does not give an accounting of any of His words.
14 aFor God may speak in one way, or in another, Yet man does not perceive it.
15 aIn a dream, in a vision of the night, When deep sleep falls upon men, While slumbering on their beds,
16 aThen He opens the ears of men, And seals their instruction.
17 In order to turn man from his deed, And conceal pride from man,
18 He keeps back his soul from the Pit,

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And his life from 1perishing by the sword.

19 “Man is also chastened with pain on his abed, And with strong pain in many of his bones,
20 aSo that his life abhors bbread, And his soul 1succulent food.
21 His flesh wastes away from sight, And his bones stick out which once were not seen.
22 Yes, his soul draws near the Pit, And his life to the executioners.

23 “If there is a messenger for him, A mediator, one among a thousand, To show man His uprightness,
24 Then He is gracious to him, and says, ‘Deliver him from going down to the Pit; I have found 1a ransom’;
25 His flesh shall be young like a child’s, He shall return to the days of his youth.
26 He shall pray to God, and He will delight in him, He shall see His face with joy, For He restores to man His righteousness.
27 Then he looks at men and asays, ‘I have sinned, and perverted what was right, And it bdid not profit me.’
28 He will aredeem 1his soul from going down to the Pit, And 2his life shall see the light.

29 “Behold, God works all these things, Twice, in fact, three times with a man,
30 aTo bring back his soul from the Pit, That he may be enlightened with the light of life.

31 “Give ear, Job, listen to me; Hold your peace, and I will speak.
32 If you have anything to say, answer me; Speak, for I desire to justify you.
33 If not, alisten to me; 1Hold your peace, and I will teach you wisdom.”

Elihu Proclaims God’s Justice


1 Elihu further answered and said:

2 “Hear my words, you wise men; Give ear to me, you who have knowledge.

18 1Lit. passing
19 aJob 30:17
20 aPs. 107:18
bJob 3:24; 6:7
24 1an atonement
27 a[2 Sam.
12:13; Prov.
28:13; Luke
15:21; 1 John
1:9] b[Rom.
6:21] 28 aIs. 38:17
1Kt. my 2Kt.
30 aPs. 56:13
33 aPs. 34:11
1Keep silent

CHAPTER 34 References

3 aJob 6:30;
5 aJob 13:18;
33:9 bJob 27:2
6 aJob 6:4;
9:17 1Lit. arrow
7 aJob 15:16
9 aMal. 3:14
10 a[Gen.
18:25; Deut.
32:4; 2 Chr.
19:7]; Job 8:3;
36:23; Ps.
92:15; Rom.
9:14 1men of
11 aJob 34:25;
Ps. 62:12;
[Prov. 24:12;
Jer. 32:19];
Ezek. 33:20;
[Matt. 16:27];
Rom. 2:6;
[2 Cor. 5:10;
Rev. 22:12] 12 aJob 8:3
14 aJob 12:10;
Ps. 104:29;
[Eccl. 12:7] 15 a[Gen.
3:19]; Job
10:9; [Eccl.
12:7] 17 a2 Sam.
23:3; Job
34:30 bJob
18 aEx. 22:28
19 a[Deut.
10:17; Acts
10:34; Rom.
2:11, 12] bJob
20 aEx. 12:29;
Job 34:25;

JOB 34:20

3 aFor the ear tests words As the palate tastes food.
4 Let us choose justice for ourselves; Let us know among ourselves what is good.

5 “For Job has said, a‘I am righteous, But bGod has taken away my justice;
6 aShould I lie concerning my right? My 1wound is incurable, though I am without transgression.’
7 What man is like Job, aWho drinks 1scorn like water,
8 Who goes in company with the workers of iniquity, And walks with wicked men?
9 For ahe has said, ‘It profits a man nothing That he should delight in God.’

10 “Therefore listen to me, you 1men of understanding: aFar be it from God to do wickedness, And from the Almighty to commit iniquity.
11 aFor He repays man according to his work, And makes man to find a reward according to his way.
12 Surely God will never do wickedly, Nor will the Almighty apervert justice.
13 Who gave Him charge over the earth? Or who appointed Him over the whole world?
14 If He should set His heart on it, If He should agather to Himself His Spirit and His breath,
15 aAll flesh would perish together, And man would return to dust.

16 “If you have understanding, hear this; Listen to the sound of my words:
17 aShould one who hates justice govern? Will you bcondemn Him who is most just?
18 aIs it fitting to say to a king, ‘You are worthless,’ And to nobles, ‘You are wicked’?
19 Yet He ais not partial to princes, Nor does He regard the rich more than the poor; For bthey are all the work of His hands.
20 In a moment they die, ain the middle of the night; The people are shaken and pass away; The mighty are taken away without a hand.

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JOB 34:21

21 “Fora His eyes are on the ways of man, And He sees all his steps.
22 aThere is no darkness nor shadow of death Where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.
23 For He need not further consider a man, That he should go before God in judgment.
24 aHe breaks in pieces mighty men without inquiry, And sets others in their place.
25 Therefore He knows their works; He overthrows them in the night, And they are crushed.
26 He strikes them as wicked men In the open sight of others,
27 Because they aturned back from Him, And bwould not consider any of His ways,
28 So that they acaused the cry of the poor to come to Him; For He bhears the cry of the afflicted.
29 When He gives quietness, who then can make trouble? And when He hides His face, who then can see Him, Whether it is against a nation or a man alone?—
30 That the hypocrite should not reign, Lest the people be ensnared.

31 “For has anyone said to God, ‘I have borne chastening; I will offend no more;
32 Teach me what I do not see; If I have done iniquity, I will do no more’?
33 Should He repay it according to your terms, Just because you disavow it? You must choose, and not I; Therefore speak what you know.

34 “Men of understanding say to me, Wise men who listen to me:
35 ‘Joba speaks without knowledge, His words are without wisdom.’
36 Oh, that Job were tried to the utmost, Because his answers are like those of wicked men!
37 For he adds arebellion to his sin; He claps his hands among us, And multiplies his words against God.”

21 a[2 Chr.
16:9]; Job
31:4; Ps.
34:15; [Prov.
5:21; 15:3; Jer.
16:17; 32:19] 22 a[Ps. 139:11,
12; Amos 9:2,
3] 24 aJob 12:19;
[Dan. 2:21] 27 a1 Sam.
15:11 bPs.
28:5; Is. 5:12
28 aJob 35:9;
James 5:4
b[Ex. 22:23];
Job 22:27
35 aJob 35:16;
37 aJob 7:11;

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An Earnest Appeal for Guidance and Deliverance

A Psalm of David.

1 HEAR my prayer, O LORD, Give ear to my supplications! In Your faithfulness answer me, And in Your righteousness.
2 Do not enter into judgment with Your servant, aFor in Your sight no one living is righteous.

3 For the enemy has persecuted my soul; He has crushed my life to the ground; He has made me dwell in 1darkness, Like those who have long been dead.
4 aTherefore my spirit is overwhelmed within me; My heart within me is distressed.

5 aI remember the days of old; I meditate on all Your works; I 1muse on the work of Your hands.
6 I spread out my hands to You; aMy soul longs for You like a thirsty land. Selah

PSALM 143 References

2 a[Ex. 34:7];
Job 4:17; 9:2;
25:4; Ps.
130:3; Eccl.
7:20; [Rom.
3:20–23; Gal.
2:16] 3 1dark places
4 aPs. 77:3
5 aPs. 77:5, 10,
11 1ponder
6 aPs. 63:1
7 aPs. 28:1 1become
8 aPs. 46:5 bPs.
5:8 cPs. 25:1
9 1LXX,Vg. To
You I flee
10 aPs. 25:4, 5
bNeh. 9:20 cIs.
11 aPs. 119:25
12 aPs. 54:5
1put an end

7 Answer me speedily, O LORD; My spirit fails! Do not hide Your face from me, aLest I 1be like those who 2go down into the pit.
8 Cause me to hear Your lovingkindness ain the morning, For in You do I trust; bCause me to know the way in which I should walk, For cI lift up my soul to You.

9 Deliver me, O LORD, from my enemies; 1In You I take shelter.
10 aTeach me to do Your will, For You are my God; bYour Spirit is good. Lead me in cthe land of uprightness.

11 aRevive me, O LORD, for Your name’s sake! For Your righteousness’ sake bring my soul out of trouble.
12 In Your mercy acut1 off my enemies, And destroy all those who afflict my soul; For I am Your servant.




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