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The Wisdom of Israel

(Category 9 of 16)

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1 The awicked flee when no one pursues, But the righteous are bold as a lion.

2 Because of the transgression of a land, many are its princes; But by a man of understanding and knowledge Right will be prolonged.

3 aA poor man who oppresses the poor Is like a driving rain 1which leaves no food.

4 aThose who forsake the law praise the wicked, bBut such as keep the law contend with them.

5 aEvil men do not understand justice, But bthose who seek the LORD understand all.

6 Better is the poor who walks in his integrity Than one perverse in his ways, though he be rich.

7 Whoever keeps the law is a discerning son, But a companion of gluttons shames his father.

8 One who increases his possessions by usury and extortion Gathers it for him who will pity the poor.

9 One who turns away his ear from hearing the law, aEven his prayer is an abomination.

10 aWhoever causes the upright to go astray in an evil way, He himself will fall into his own pit; bBut the blameless will inherit good.

11 The rich man is wise in his own eyes, But the poor who has understanding searches him out.

12 When the righteous rejoice, there is great aglory; But when the wicked arise, men 1hide themselves.

13 aHe who covers his sins will not prosper, But whoever confesses and forsakes them will have mercy.

CHAPTER 28 References

1 aLev. 26:17,
36; Ps. 53:5
3 aMatt. 18:28
1Lit. and
there is no
4 aPs. 49:18;
Rom. 1:32
b1 Kin. 18:18;
Neh. 13:11,
15; Matt. 3:7;
14:4; Eph.
5 aPs. 92:6; Is.
6:9; 44:18 bPs.
119:100; Prov.
2:9; John
17:17; 1 Cor.
2:15; [1 John
2:20, 27] 9 aPs. 66:18;
109:7; Prov.
10 aPs. 7:15;
Prov. 26:27
b[Matt. 6:33;
Heb. 6:12;
1 Pet. 3:9] 12 aProv.
11:10; 29:2
1Lit. will be
searched for
13 aPs. 32:3–5;
1 John 1:8–10
15 aProv.
19:12; 1 Pet.
5:8 bEx. 1:14;
Prov. 29:2;
Matt. 2:16
16 aEccl. 10:16;
Is. 3:12
17 aGen. 9:6
18 1delivered
19 aProv.
12:11; 20:13
20 aProv.
13:11; 20:21;
23:4; 1 Tim.
21 aProv. 18:5
bEzek. 13:19
1Lit. recognize
22 aProv. 21:5
23 aProv.
27:5, 6
24 aProv. 18:9
25 aProv. 13:10
bProv. 29:25;
1 Tim. 6:6
26 aProv. 3:5
27 aDeut. 15:7;
Prov. 19:17;
28 aJob 24:4


14 Happy is the man who is always reverent, But he who hardens his heart will fall into calamity.

15 aLike a roaring lion and a charging bear bIs a wicked ruler over poor people.

16 A ruler who lacks understanding is a great aoppressor, But he who hates covetousness will prolong his days.

17 aA man burdened with bloodshed will flee into a pit; Let no one help him.

18 Whoever walks blamelessly will be 1saved, But he who is perverse in his ways will suddenly fall.

19 aHe who tills his land will have plenty of bread, But he who follows frivolity will have poverty enough!

20 A faithful man will abound with blessings, aBut he who hastens to be rich will not go unpunished.

21 aTo 1show partiality is not good, bBecause for a piece of bread a man will transgress.

22 A man with an evil eye hastens after riches, And does not consider that apoverty will come upon him.

23 aHe who rebukes a man will find more favor afterward Than he who flatters with the tongue.

24 Whoever robs his father or his mother, And says, “It is no transgression,” The same ais companion to a destroyer.

25 aHe who is of a proud heart stirs up strife, bBut he who trusts in the LORD will be prospered.

26 He who atrusts in his own heart is a fool, But whoever walks wisely will be delivered.

27 aHe who gives to the poor will not lack, But he who hides his eyes will have many curses.

28 When the wicked arise, amen hide themselves;

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But when they perish, the righteous increase.


1 Hea who is often rebuked, and hardens his neck, Will suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy.

2 When the righteous 1are in authority, the apeople rejoice; But when a wicked man rules, bthe people groan.

3 Whoever loves wisdom makes his father rejoice, But a companion of harlots wastes his wealth.

4 The king establishes the land by justice, But he who receives bribes overthrows it.

5 A man who aflatters his neighbor Spreads a net for his feet.

6 By transgression an evil man is snared, But the righteous sings and rejoices.

7 The righteous aconsiders the cause of the poor, But the wicked does not understand such knowledge.

8 Scoffers aset a city aflame, But wise men turn away wrath.

9 If a wise man contends with a foolish man, aWhether the fool rages or laughs, there is no peace.

10 aThe bloodthirsty hate the blameless, But the upright seek his 1well-being.

11 A fool vents all his afeelings,1 But a wise man holds them back.

12 If a ruler pays attention to lies, All his servants become wicked.

13 The poor man and the oppressor have this in common: aThe LORD gives light to the eyes of both.

14 The king who judges the apoor with truth, His throne will be established forever.

15 The rod and rebuke give awisdom, But a child left to himself brings shame to his mother.

CHAPTER 29 References

1 a2 Chr.
36:16; Prov.
2 aEsth. 8:15;
Prov. 28:12
bEsth. 4:3 1become
5 aProv. 26:28
7 aJob 29:16;
Ps. 41:1; Prov.
31:8, 9
8 aProv. 11:11
9 aMatt. 11:17
10 aGen. 4:5–8;
1 John 3:12
1Lit. soul or
11 aProv. 14:33
1Lit. spirit
13 a[Matt.
5:45] 14 aPs. 72:4; Is.
15 aProv. 22:15
16 aPs. 37:34;
Prov. 21:12
18 a1 Sam. 3:1;
Ps. 74:9;
Amos 8:11, 12
bProv. 8:32;
John 13:17
20 aProv. 26:12
22 aProv. 26:21
23 aJob 22:29;
Prov. 15:33;
18:12; Is. 66:2;
Dan. 4:30;
Matt. 23:12;
Luke 14:11;
18:14; Acts
12:23; [James
4:6–10; 1 Pet.
5:5, 6] 24 aLev. 5:1
1Lit. hears the
adjuration or
25 aGen. 12:12;
20:2; Luke
12:4; John
12:42, 43
1secure, lit.
set on high
26 aPs. 20:9
1Lit. face

CHAPTER 30 References

2 aPs. 73:22;
Prov. 12:1
3 a[Prov. 9:10]

16 When the wicked are multiplied, transgression increases; But the righteous will see their afall.

17 Correct your son, and he will give you rest; Yes, he will give delight to your soul.

18 aWhere there is no 1revelation, the people cast off restraint; But bhappy is he who keeps the law.

19 A servant will not be corrected by mere words; For though he understands, he will not respond.

20 Do you see a man hasty in his words? aThere is more hope for a fool than for him.

21 He who pampers his servant from childhood Will have him as a son in the end.

22 aAn angry man stirs up strife, And a furious man abounds in transgression.

23 aA man’s pride will bring him low, But the humble in spirit will retain honor.

24 Whoever is a partner with a thief hates his own life; aHe 1swears to tell the truth, but reveals nothing.

25 aThe fear of man brings a snare, But whoever trusts in the LORD shall be 1safe.

26 aMany seek the ruler’s 1favor, But justice for man comes from the LORD.

27 An unjust man is an abomination to the righteous, And he who is upright in the way is an abomination to the wicked.

The Wisdom of Agur


1 The words of Agur the son of Jakeh, his utterance. This man declared to Ithiel—to Ithiel and Ucal:

2 aSurely I am more stupid than any man, And do not have the understanding of a man.
3 I neither learned wisdom Nor have aknowledge of the Holy One.

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4 aWho has ascended into heaven, or descended? bWho has gathered the wind in His fists? Who has bound the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is His name, and what is His Son’s name, If you know?

5 aEvery word of God is 1pure; bHe is a shield to those who put their trust in Him.
6 aDo not add to His words, Lest He rebuke you, and you be found a liar.

7 Two things I request of You (Deprive me not before I die):
8 Remove falsehood and lies far from me; Give me neither poverty nor riches— aFeed me with the food allotted to me;
9 aLest I be full and deny You, And say, “Who is the LORD?” Or lest I be poor and steal, And profane the name of my God.

10 Do not malign a servant to his master, Lest he curse you, and you be found guilty.

11 There is a generation that curses its afather, And does not bless its mother.
12 There is a generation athat is pure in its own eyes, Yet is not washed from its filthiness.
13 There is a generation—oh, how alofty are their eyes! And their eyelids are 1lifted up.
14 aThere is a generation whose teeth are like swords, And whose fangs are like knives, bTo devour the poor from off the earth, And the needy from among men.

15 The leech has two daughters— Give and Give!

There are three things that are never satisfied, Four never say, “Enough!”:
16 aThe1 grave, The barren womb, The earth that is not satisfied with water— And the fire never says, “Enough!”

17 aThe eye that mocks his father, And scorns obedience to his mother,

4 a[Ps. 68:18;
John 3:13] bJob 38:4; Ps.
104:3; Is.
5 aPs. 12:6;
19:8; 119:140
bPs. 18:30;
1tested, refined,
6 aDeut. 4:2;
12:32; Rev.
8 aJob 23:12;
Matt. 6:11;
[Phil. 4:19] 9 aDeut.
8:12–14; Neh.
9:25, 26; Hos.
11 aEx. 21:17;
Prov. 20:20
12 a[Prov.
16:2]; Is. 65:5;
Luke 18:11;
[Titus 1:15,
16] 13 aPs. 131:1;
Prov. 6:17; Is.
2:11; 5:15 1In
14 aJob 29:17;
Ps. 52:2 bPs.
14:4; Amos
16 aProv.
27:20; Hab.
2:5 1Or Sheol
17 aGen. 9:22;
Lev. 20:9;
Prov. 20:20
19 1Lit. heart
22 aProv.
19:10; Eccl.
23 1Or hated
25 aProv. 6:6
26 aLev. 11:5;
Ps. 104:18
1rock hyraxes
28 1Or lizard
31 1Or perhaps
rooster, lit.
girded of
waist 2A Jewish
tradition a
king against
whom there is
no uprising
32 aJob 21:5;
40:4; Mic. 7:16


The ravens of the valley will pick it out, And the young eagles will eat it.

18 There are three things which are too wonderful for me, Yes, four which I do not understand:
19 The way of an eagle in the air, The way of a serpent on a rock, The way of a ship in the 1midst of the sea, And the way of a man with a virgin.

20 This is the way of an adulterous woman: She eats and wipes her mouth, And says, “I have done no wickedness.”

21 For three things the earth is perturbed, Yes, for four it cannot bear up:
22 aFor a servant when he reigns, A fool when he is filled with food,
23 A 1hateful woman when she is married, And a maidservant who succeeds her mistress.

24 There are four things which are little on the earth, But they are exceedingly wise:
25 aThe ants are a people not strong, Yet they prepare their food in the summer;
26 aThe 1rock badgers are a feeble folk, Yet they make their homes in the crags;
27 The locusts have no king, Yet they all advance in ranks;
28 The 1spider skillfully grasps with its hands, And it is in kings’ palaces.

29 There are three things which are majestic in pace, Yes, four which are stately in walk:
30 A lion, which is mighty among beasts And does not turn away from any;
31 A 1greyhound, A male goat also, And 2a king whose troops are with him.

32 If you have been foolish in exalting yourself, Or if you have devised evil, aput your hand on your mouth.
33 For as the churning of milk produces butter, And wringing the nose produces blood, So the forcing of wrath produces strife.

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The Words of King Lemuel’s Mother


1 The words of King Lemuel, the utterance which his mother taught him:

2 What, my son? And what, son of my womb? And what, ason of my vows?
3 aDo not give your strength to women, Nor your ways bto that which destroys kings.

4 aIt is not for kings, O Lemuel, It is not for kings to drink wine, Nor for princes intoxicating drink;
5 aLest they drink and forget the law, And pervert the justice of all 1the afflicted.
6 aGive strong drink to him who is perishing, And wine to those who are bitter of heart.
7 Let him drink and forget his poverty, And remember his misery no more.

8 aOpen your mouth for the speechless, In the cause of all who are 1appointed to die.
9 Open your mouth, ajudge righteously, And bplead the cause of the poor and needy.

The Virtuous Wife

10 aWho1 can find a 2virtuous wife? For her worth is far above rubies.
11 The heart of her husband safely trusts her; So he will have no lack of gain.
12 She does him good and not evil All the days of her life.
13 She seeks wool and flax, And willingly works with her hands.
14 She is like the merchant ships, She brings her food from afar.
15 aShe also rises while it is yet night, And bprovides food for her household

CHAPTER 31 References

2 aIs. 49:15
3 aProv. 5:9
bDeut. 17:17;
1 Kin. 11:1;
Neh. 13:26;
Prov. 7:26;
Hos. 4:11
4 aEccl. 10:17
5 aHos. 4:11
1Lit. sons of
6 aPs. 104:15
8 aJob 29:15,
16; Ps. 82 1Lit.
sons of passing
9 aLev. 19:15;
Deut. 1:16
bJob 29:12; Is.
1:17; Jer.
10 aRuth 3:11;
Prov. 12:4;
19:14 1Vv.
10–31 are an
acrostic in
Hebrew; cf.
Ps. 119 2Lit. a
wife of valor,
in the sense
of all forms of
15 aProv.
20:13; Rom.
12:11 bLuke
16 1Lit. the
fruit of her
20 aDeut.
15:11; Job
Prov. 22:9;
Rom. 12:13;
Eph. 4:28;
Heb. 13:16
23 aProv. 12:4

And a portion for her maidservants.
16 She considers a field and buys it; From 1her profits she plants a vineyard.
17 She girds herself with strength, And strengthens her arms.
18 She perceives that her merchandise is good, And her lamp does not go out by night.
19 She stretches out her hands to the distaff, And her hand holds the spindle.
20 aShe extends her hand to the poor, Yes, she reaches out her hands to the needy.
21 She is not afraid of snow for her household, For all her household is clothed with scarlet.
22 She makes tapestry for herself; Her clothing is fine linen and purple.
23 aHer husband is known in the gates, When he sits among the elders of the land.
24 She makes linen garments and sells them, And supplies sashes for the merchants.
25 Strength and honor are her clothing; She shall rejoice in time to come.
26 She opens her mouth with wisdom, And on her tongue is the law of kindness.
27 She watches over the ways of her household, And does not eat the bread of idleness.
28 Her children rise up and call her blessed; Her husband also, and he praises her:
29 “Many daughters have done well, But you excel them all.”
30 Charm is deceitful and beauty is passing, But a woman who fears the LORD, she shall be praised.
31 Give her of the fruit of her hands, And let her own works praise her in the gates.

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Prayer and Praise for Deliverance from Enemies

A aMeditation1 of David, which he sang to the LORD bconcerning the words of Cush, a Benjamite.

1 O LORD my God, in You I put my trust; aSave me from all those who persecute me; And deliver me,
2 aLest they tear me like a lion, bRending me in pieces, while there is none to deliver.

3 O LORD my God, aif I have done this: If there is biniquity in my hands,
4 If I have repaid evil to him who was at peace with me, Or ahave plundered my enemy without cause,
5 Let the enemy pursue me and overtake me; Yes, let him trample my life to the earth, And lay my honor in the dust. Selah

6 Arise, O LORD, in Your anger; aLift Yourself up because of the rage of my enemies; bRise up 1for me to the judgment You have commanded!
7 So the congregation of the peoples shall surround You; For their sakes, therefore, return on high.

PSALM 7 References

title aHab. 3:1
b2 Sam. 16
1Heb. Shiggaion
1 aPs. 31:15
2 aPs. 57:4; Is.
38:13 bPs.
3 a2 Sam. 16:7
b1 Sam. 24:11
4 a1 Sam. 24:7;
6 aPs. 94:2 bPs.
35:23; 44:23
1So with MT,
Tg.,Vg.; LXX
8 aPs. 26:1;
35:24; 43:1
bPs. 18:20;
9 a[1 Sam.
16:7] 1Lit. kidneys,
the most
secret part of
10 aPs. 97:10,
11; 125:4 1Lit.
My shield is
upon God
12 aDeut. 32:41
14 aJob 15:35;
Is. 59:4;
[James 1:15] 15 a[Job 4:8];
Ps. 57:6
16 aEsth. 9:25;
Ps. 140:9 1The
crown of his
own head

8 The LORD shall judge the peoples; aJudge me, O LORD, baccording to my righteousness, And according to my integrity within me.

9 Oh, let the wickedness of the wicked come to an end, But establish the just; aFor the righteous God tests the hearts and 1minds.
10 1My defense is of God, Who saves the aupright in heart.

11 God is a just judge, And God is angry with the wicked every day.
12 If he does not turn back, He will asharpen His sword;
He bends His bow and makes it ready.
13 He also prepares for Himself instruments of death; He makes His arrows into fiery shafts.

14 aBehold, the wicked brings forth iniquity; Yes, he conceives trouble and brings forth falsehood.
15 He made a pit and dug it out, aAnd has fallen into the ditch which he made.
16 aHis trouble shall return upon his own head, And his violent dealing shall come down on 1his own crown.

17 I will praise the LORD according to His righteousness, And will sing praise to the name of the LORD Most High.




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