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The Prophets of The Exile
(Category 10 of 16)
God’s Love for Jerusalem
1 Again the word of the LORD came to me, saying,
2 “Son of man, acause Jerusalem to know her abominations,
3 “and say, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD to Jerusalem: “Your 1birth aand your nativity are from the land of ; byour father was an Amorite and your mother a Hittite.
4 “As for your nativity, aon the day you were born your navel cord was not cut, nor were you washed in water to cleanse you; you were not rubbed with salt nor wrapped in swaddling cloths.
5 “No eye pitied you, to do any of these things for you, to have compassion on you; but you were thrown out into the open field, when you yourself were 1loathed on the day you were born.
6 “And when I passed by you and saw you struggling in your own blood, I said to you in your blood, ‘Live!’ Yes, I said to you in your blood, ‘Live!’
7 a“I made you 1thrive like a plant in the field; and you grew, matured, and became very beautiful. Your breasts were formed, your hair grew, but you were naked and bare.
8 “When I passed by you again and looked upon you, indeed your time was the time of love; aso I spread 1My wing over you and covered your nakedness. Yes, I bswore an oath to you and entered into a ccovenant with you, and dyou became Mine,” says the Lord GOD.
9 “Then I washed you in water; yes, I thoroughly washed off your blood, and I anointed you with oil.
10 “I clothed you in embroidered cloth and gave you sandals of 1 skin; I clothed you with fine linen and covered you with silk.
11 “I adorned you with ornaments, aput bracelets on your wrists, band a chain on your neck.
12 “And I put a 1jewel in your nose, earrings in your ears, and a beautiful crown on your head.
13 “Thus you were adorned with gold and silver, and your clothing was of fine linen, silk, and embroidered cloth. aYou ate pastry of fine flour, honey, and oil. You were exceedingly bbeautiful, and succeeded to royalty.
14 a“Your fame went out among the
CHAPTER 16 References
2 aEzek. 20:4;
3 aEzek. 21:30
4 aHos. 2:3
7 aEx. 1:7 1Lit.
8 aRuth 3:9
18 cEx. 24:6–8
d[Ex. 19:5] 1Or
the corner of
10 1Or dolphin
11 aGen. 24:22,
47 bProv. 1:9
12 1Lit. ring
32:13, 14 bPs.
14 aLam. 2:15
15 aMic. 3:11
bIs. 1:21; 57:8
16 aEzek. 7:20
19 aHos. 2:8
1Or a sweet
20 aJer. 7:31
21 aJer. 19:5
22 aJer. 2:2
24 aJer. 11:13
bJer. 2:20; 3:2
25 aProv. 9:14
16:26; 20:7, 8
28 aJer. 2:18,
nations because of your beauty, for it was perfect through My splendor which I had bestowed on you,” says the Lord GOD.
15 a“But you trusted in your own beauty, bplayed the harlot because of your fame, and poured out your harlotry on everyone passing by who would have it.
16 a“You took some of your garments and adorned multicolored 1high places for yourself, and played the harlot on them. Such things should not happen, nor be.
17 “You have also taken your beautiful jewelry from My gold and My silver, which I had given you, and made for yourself male images and played the harlot with them.
18 “You took your embroidered garments and covered them, and you set My oil and My before them.
19 “Also aMy food which I gave you—the pastry of fine flour, oil, and honey which I fed you—you set it before them as 1sweet ; and so it was,” says the Lord GOD.
20 a“Moreover you took your sons and your daughters, whom you bore to Me, and these you sacrificed to them to be devoured. Were your acts of harlotry a small matter,
21 “that you have slain My children and offered them up to them by causing them to pass through the afire?
22 “And in all your abominations and acts of harlotry you did not remember the days of your ayouth, bwhen you were naked and bare, struggling in your blood.
23 “Then it was so, after all your wickedness—‘Woe, woe to you!’ says the Lord GOD—
24 “that ayou also built for yourself a shrine, and bmade a 1high place for yourself in every street.
25 “You built your high places aat the head of every road, and made your beauty to be abhorred. You offered yourself to everyone who passed by, and multiplied your acts of harlotry.
26 “You also committed harlotry with athe Egyptians, your very fleshly neighbors, and increased your acts of harlotry to bprovoke Me to anger.
27 “Behold, therefore, I stretched out My hand against you, diminished your 1allotment, and gave you up to the will of those who hate you, athe daughters of the Philistines, who were ashamed of your lewd behavior.
28 “You also played the harlot with the aAssyrians, because you were insatiable; indeed you played the harlot with them and still were not satisfied.
29 “Moreover you multiplied your
acts of harlotry as far as the land of the trader, aChaldea; and even then you were not satisfied.
30 “How degenerate is your heart!” says the Lord GOD, “seeing you do all these things, the deeds of a brazen harlot.
31 a“You erected your shrine at the head of every road, and built your 1high place in every street. Yet you were not like a harlot, because you scorned bpayment.
32 “You are an adulterous wife, who takes strangers instead of her husband.
33 “Men make payment to all harlots, but ayou made your payments to all your lovers, and 1hired them to come to you from all around for your harlotry.
34 “You are the opposite of other women in your harlotry, because no one solicited you to be a harlot. In that you gave payment but no payment was given you, therefore you are the opposite.”
Jerusalem’s Lovers Will Abuse Her
35 ‘Now then, O harlot, hear the word of the LORD!
36 ‘Thus says the Lord GOD: “Because your filthiness was poured out and your nakedness uncovered in your harlotry with your lovers, and with all your abominable idols, and because of athe blood of your children which you gave to them,
37 “surely, therefore, aI will gather all your lovers with whom you took pleasure, all those you loved, and all those you hated; I will gather them from all around against you and will uncover your nakedness to them, that they may see all your nakedness.
38 “And I will judge you as awomen who break wedlock or bshed blood are judged; I will bring blood upon you in fury and jealousy.
39 “I will also give you into their hand, and they shall throw down your shrines and break down ayour 1high places. bThey shall also strip you of your clothes, take your beautiful jewelry, and leave you naked and bare.
40 a“They shall also bring up an assembly against you, band they shall stone you with stones and thrust you through with their swords.
41 “They shall aburn your houses with fire, and bexecute judgments on you in the sight of many women; and I will make you ccease playing the harlot, and you shall no longer hire lovers.
42 “So aI will lay to rest My fury toward you, and My jealousy shall depart from you. I will be quiet, and be angry no more.
43 “Because ayou did not remember
16:24, 39 bIs.
33 aHos. 8:9,
10 1Or bribed
36 aJer. 2:34
37 aLam. 1:8
38 aLev. 20:10
bJohn 8:5, 7
5:8; 23:10, 48
42 aEzek. 5:13;
43 aPs. 78:42
with Me 2Lit.
46 aIs. 1:10
49 aGen. 13:10
50 aGen. 13:13;
1Vg. you saw;
LXX he saw;
Tg. as was
53 aIs. 1:9 bJer.
the days of your youth, but 1agitated Me with all these things, surely bI will also recompense your 2deeds on your own head,” says the Lord GOD. “And you shall not commit lewdness in addition to all your abominations.
More Wicked thanand Sodom
44 “Indeed everyone who quotes proverbs will use this proverb against you: ‘Like mother, like daughter!’
45 “You are your mother’s daughter, 1loathing husband and children; and you are the asister of your sisters, who loathed their husbands and children; byour mother was a Hittite and your father an Amorite.
46 “Your elder sister is , who dwells with her daughters to the north of you; and ayour younger sister, who dwells to the south of you, is Sodom and her daughters.
47 “You did not walk in their ways nor act according to their abominations; but, as if that were too little, ayou became more corrupt than they in all your ways.
48 “As I live,” says the Lord GOD, “neither ayour sister Sodom nor her daughters have done as you and your daughters have done.
49 “Look, this was the iniquity of your sister Sodom: She and her daughter had pride, afullness of food, and abundance of idleness; neither did she strengthen the hand of the poor and needy.
50 “And they were haughty and acommitted abomination before Me; therefore bI took them away as 1I saw fit.
51 “ did not commit ahalf of your sins; but you have multiplied your abominations more than they, and bhave justified your sisters by all the abominations which you have done.
52 “You who judged your sisters, bear your own shame also, because the sins which you committed were more abominable than theirs; they are more righteous than you.Yes, be disgraced also, and bear your own shame, because you justified your sisters.
53 a“When I bring back their captives, the captives of Sodom and her daughters, and the captives of and her daughters, then I will also bring back bthe captives of your captivity among them,
54 “that you may bear your own shame and be disgraced by all that you did when ayou comforted them.
55 “When your sisters, Sodom and her daughters, return to their former state, and and her daughters return to their former state, then you and your daughters will return to your former state.
56 “For your sister Sodom was not
a byword in your mouth in the days of your pride,
57 “before your wickedness was uncovered. It was like the time of the areproach of the daughters of 1Syria and all those around her, and of bthe daughters of the Philistines, who despise you everywhere.
58 a“You have paid for your lewdness and your abominations,” says the LORD.
59 ‘For thus says the Lord GOD: “I will deal with you as you have done, who adespised bthe oath by breaking the covenant.
An Everlasting Covenant
60 “Nevertheless I will aremember My covenant with you in the days of your youth, and I will establish ban everlasting covenant with you.
61 “Then ayou will remember your ways and be ashamed, when you receive your older and your younger sisters; for I will give them to you for bdaughters, cbut not because of My covenant with you.
62 a“And I will establish My covenant with you. Then you shall know that I am the LORD,
63 “that you may aremember and be ashamed, band never open your mouth anymore because of your shame, when I provide you an atonement for all you have done,” says the Lord GOD.’ ”
The Eagles and the Vine
1 And the word of the LORD came to me, saying,
2 “Son of man, pose a riddle, and speak a aparable to the house of Israel,
3 “and say, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD:
a“A great eagle with large wings and long pinions, Full of feathers of various colors, Came to Lebanon And btook from the cedar the highest branch.
4 He cropped off its topmost young twig And carried it to a land of trade; He set it in a city of merchants.
5 Then he took some of the seed of the land And planted it in aa fertile field; He placed it by abundant waters And set it blike a willow tree.
6 And it grew and became a spreading vine aof low stature; Its branches turned toward him, But its roots were under it. So it became a vine, Brought forth branches, And put forth shoots.
57 a2 Kin. 16:5
so with MT,
60 aPs. 106:45
b[Gal. 4:26] cJer. 31:31
62 aHos. 2:19,
CHAPTER 17 References
2 aEzek. 20:49;
3 aEzek. 17:12
b2 Kin. 24:12
5 aDeut. 8:7–9
6 aEzek. 17:14
7 aEzek. 17:15
Vg.; MT, Tg.
8 1Lit. a good
9 a2 Kin. 25:7
10 aHos. 13:15
13 a2 Kin.
24:17 b2 Chr.
15 a2 Kin.
17 aJer. 37:7
bJer. 52:4 1Or
7 “But there was 1another great eagle with large wings and many feathers; And behold, athis vine bent its roots toward him, And stretched its branches toward him, From the garden terrace where it had been planted, That he might water it.
8 It was planted in 1good soil by many waters, To bring forth branches, bear fruit, And become a majestic vine.” ’
9 “Say, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD:
“Will it thrive? aWill he not pull up its roots, Cut off its fruit, And leave it to wither? All of its spring leaves will wither, And no great power or many people Will be needed to pluck it up by its roots.
10 Behold, it is planted, Will it thrive? aWill it not utterly wither when the east wind touches it? It will wither in the garden terrace where it grew.” ’ ”
11 Moreover the word of the LORD came to me, saying,
12 “Say now to athe rebellious house: ‘Do you not know what these things mean?’ Tell them, ‘Indeed bthe king of went to Jerusalem and took its king and princes, and led them with him to .
13 a‘And he took the king’s offspring, made a covenant with him, band put him under oath. He also took away the mighty of the land,
14 ‘that the kingdom might be abrought low and not lift itself up, but that by keeping his covenant it might stand.
15 ‘But ahe rebelled against him by sending his ambassadors to Egypt, bthat they might give him horses and many people. cWill he prosper? Will he who does such things escape? Can he break a covenant and still be delivered?
16 ‘As I live,’ says the Lord GOD, ‘surely ain the place where the king dwells who made him king, whose oath he despised and whose covenant he broke—with him in the midst of he shall die.
17 a‘Nor will Pharaoh with his mighty army and great company do anything in the war, bwhen they heap up a siege mound and build a 1wall to cut off many persons.
18 ‘Since he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, and in fact
agave1 his hand and still did all these things, he shall not escape.’ ”
19 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: “As I live, surely My oath which he despised, and My covenant which he broke, I will recompense on his own head.
20 “I will aspread My net over him, and he shall be taken in My snare. I will bring him to and btry him there for the 1treason which he committed against Me.
21 a“All his 1fugitives with all his troops shall fall by the sword, and those who remain shall be bscattered to every wind; and you shall know that I, the LORD, have spoken.”
Israel Exalted at Last
22 Thus says the Lord GOD: “I will take also one of the highest abranches of the high cedar and set it out. I will crop off from the topmost of its young twigs ba tender one, and will cplant it on a high and prominent mountain.
23 a“On the mountain height of Israel I will plant it; and it will bring forth boughs, and bear fruit, and be a majestic cedar. bUnder it will dwell birds of every sort; in the shadow of its branches they will dwell.
24 “And all the trees of the field shall know that I, the LORD, ahave brought down the high tree and exalted the low tree, dried up the green tree and made the dry tree flourish; bI, the LORD, have spoken and have done it.”
A False Proverb Refuted
1 The word of the LORD came to me again, saying,
2 “What do you mean when you use this proverb concerning the land of Israel, saying:
‘The afathers have eaten sour grapes, And the children’s teeth are set on edge’?
3 “As I live,” says the Lord GOD, “you shall no longer use this proverb in Israel.
4 “Behold, all souls are aMine; The soul of the father As well as the soul of the son is Mine; bThe soul who sins shall die.
5 But if a man is just And does what is lawful and right;
6 aIf he has not eaten 1on the mountains, Nor lifted up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, Nor bdefiled his neighbor’s wife, Nor approached ca woman during her impurity;
18 a1 Chr.
1So with MT,
All his fugitives
22 a[Zech. 3:8] bIs. 53:2 c[Ps.
2:6] 23 a[Is. 2:2, 3] bDan. 4:12
24 aAmos 9:11
CHAPTER 18 References
2 aLam. 5:7
4 aNum. 16:22;
6:23] 6 aEzek. 22:9
1At the mountain
7 aEx. 22:21
cDeut. 15:7, 11
8 aEx. 22:25
9 aAmos 5:4
11 1At the
12 aEzek. 8:6,
13 aLev. 20:9,
11–13, 16, 27
15 aEzek. 18:6
1At the mountain
17 1So with
(cf. v. 8)
7 If he has not aoppressed anyone, But has restored to the debtor his bpledge; Has robbed no one by violence, But has cgiven his bread to the hungry And covered the naked with dclothing;
8 If he has not 1exacted ausury Nor taken any increase, But has withdrawn his hand from iniquity And bexecuted true 2judgment between man and man;
9 If he has walked in My statutes And kept My judgments faithfully— He is just; He shall surely alive!” Says the Lord GOD.
10 “If he begets a son who is a robber Or aa shedder of blood, Who does any of these things
11 And does none of those duties, But has eaten 1on the mountains Or defiled his neighbor’s wife;
12 If he has oppressed the poor and needy, Robbed by violence, Not restored the pledge, Lifted his eyes to the idols, Or acommitted abomination;
13 If he has exacted usury Or taken increase— Shall he then live? He shall not live! If he has done any of these abominations, He shall surely die; aHis blood shall be upon him.
14 “If, however, he begets a son Who sees all the sins which his father has done, And considers but does not do likewise;
15 aWho has not eaten 1on the mountains, Nor lifted his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, Nor defiled his neighbor’s wife;
16 Has not oppressed anyone, Nor withheld a pledge, Nor robbed by violence, But has given his bread to the hungry And covered the naked with clothing;
17 Who has withdrawn his hand from 1the poor And not received usury or increase, But has executed My judgments And walked in My statutes— He shall not die for the iniquity of his father; He shall surely live!
18 “As for his father, Because he cruelly oppressed, Robbed his brother by violence, And did what is not good among his people, Behold, ahe shall die for his iniquity.
Turn and Live
19 “Yet you say, ‘Why ashould the son not bear the guilt of the father?’ Because the son has done what is lawful and right, and has kept all My statutes and observed them, he shall surely live.
20 a“The soul who sins shall die. bThe son shall not bear the guilt of the father, nor the father bear the guilt of the son. cThe righteousness of the righteous shall be upon himself, dand the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon himself.
21 “But aif a wicked man turns from all his sins which he has committed, keeps all My statutes, and does what is lawful and right, he shall surely live; he shall not die.
22 a“None of the transgressions which he has committed shall be remembered against him; because of the righteousness which he has done, he shall blive.
23 a“Do I have any pleasure at all that the wicked should die?” says the Lord GOD, “and not that he should turn from his ways and live?
24 “But awhen a righteous man turns away from his righteousness and commits iniquity, and does according to all the abominations that the wicked man does, shall he live? bAll the righteousness which he has done shall not be remembered; because of the unfaithfulness of which he is guilty and the sin which he has committed, because of them he shall die.
25 “Yet you say, a‘The way of the Lord is not fair.’ Hear now, O house of Israel, is it not My way which is fair, and your ways which are not fair?
26 a“When a righteous man turns away from his righteousness, commits iniquity, and dies in it, it is because of the iniquity which he has done that he dies.
27 “Again, awhen a wicked man turns away from the wickedness which he committed, and does what is lawful and right, he preserves himself alive.
28 “Because he aconsiders and turns away from all the transgressions which he committed, he shall surely live; he shall not die.
29 a“Yet the house of Israel says, ‘The way of the Lord is not fair.’ O house of Israel, is it not My ways which are fair, and your ways which are not fair?
30 a“Therefore I will judge you, O
18 aEzek. 3:18
19 aEx. 20:5
20 aEzek. 18:4
cIs. 3:10, 11
b[Ps.18:20–24] 23 a[Ezek.
18:32; 33:11] 24 aEzek. 3:20;
b[2 Pet. 2:20] 25 aEzek.
30 aEzek. 7:3;
31 aEph. 4:22,
23 bJer. 32:39
32 aLam. 3:33
house of Israel, every one according to his ways,” says the Lord GOD. b“Repent, and turn from all your transgressions, so that iniquity will not be your ruin.
31 a“Cast away from you all the transgressions which you have committed, and get yourselves a bnew heart and a new spirit. For why should you die, O house of Israel?
32 “For aI have no pleasure in the death of one who dies,” says the Lord GOD. “Therefore turn and blive!”
The LORD the Avenger of His People
A Psalm of David.
1 PLEAD1 my cause, O LORD, with those who strive with me; Fight against those who fight against me.
2 Take hold of and 1 , And stand up for my help.
3 Also draw out the spear, And stop those who pursue me. Say to my soul, “I am your salvation.”
4 aLet those be put to shame and brought to dishonor Who seek after my life; Let those be bturned back and brought to confusion Who plot my hurt.
5 aLet them be like chaff before the wind, And let the 1angel of the LORD chase them.
6 Let their way be adark and slippery, And let the angel of the LORD pursue them.
7 For without cause they have ahidden their net for me in a pit, Which they have dug without cause for my life.
8 1Let adestruction come upon him unexpectedly, And let his net that he has hidden catch himself; Into that very destruction let him fall.
9 And my soul shall be joyful in the LORD; It shall rejoice in His salvation.
10 aAll my bones shall say, “LORD, bwho is like You, Delivering the poor from him who is too strong for him, Yes, the poor and the needy from him who plunders him?”
11 Fiercea witnesses rise up; They ask me things that I do not know.
12 aThey reward me evil for good, To the sorrow of my soul.
13 But as for me, awhen they were sick, My clothing was sackcloth; I humbled myself with fasting; And my prayer would return to my own 1heart.
14 I paced about as though he were my friend or brother; I bowed down 1heavily, as one who mourns for his mother.
PSALM 35 References
1 1Contend for
2 1A small
4 aPs. 40:14,
15; 70:2, 3 bPs.
5 aJob 21:18;
Ps. 83:13; Is.
29:5 1Or Angel
6 aPs. 73:18;
7 aPs. 9:15
8 a[Ps. 55:23];
[1 Thess. 5:3] 1Lit. Let destruction
10 aPs. 51:8
7:18] 12 aPs. 38:20;
13 aJob 30:25
14 1in mourning
17 aPs. 13:1;
[Hab. 1:13] 18 1a mighty
19 aPs. 69:4;
15:25] 26 aPs. 109:29
27 aRom. 12:15
15 But in my 1adversity they rejoiced And gathered together; Attackers gathered against me, And I did not know it; They tore at me and did not cease;
16 With ungodly mockers at feasts They gnashed at me with their teeth.
17 Lord, how long will You alook on? Rescue me from their destructions, My precious life from the lions.
18 I will give You thanks in the great assembly; I will praise You among 1many people.
19 aLet them not rejoice over me who are wrongfully my enemies; Nor let them wink with the eye who hate me without a cause.
20 For they do not speak peace, But they devise deceitful matters Against the quiet ones in the land.
21 They also opened their mouth wide against me, And said, “Aha, aha! Our eyes have seen it.”
22 This You have seen, O LORD; Do not keep silence. O Lord, do not be far from me.
23 Stir up Yourself, and awake to my vindication, To my cause, my God and my Lord.
24 Vindicate me, O LORD my God, according to Your righteousness; And let them not rejoice over me.
25 Let them not say in their hearts, “Ah, so we would have it!” Let them not say, “We have swallowed him up.”
26 Let them be ashamed and brought to mutual confusion Who rejoice at my hurt; Let them be aclothed with shame and dishonor Who exalt themselves against me.
27 aLet them shout for joy and be glad, Who favor my righteous cause; And let them say continually, “Let the LORD be magnified, Who has pleasure in the prosperity of His servant.”
28 And my tongue shall speak of Your righteousness And of Your praise all the day long.
DREAM IT => PLAN IT => DO IT
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