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Prophets After the Exile

(Category 12 of 16)

Watch our Read Scripture video on the book of Malachi, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. There is one Read Scripture video dedicated to the book of Malachi, which aims to help you see its unique contribution to the story of Jesus, but also how they work within the Bible’s overall framework.

In this book, Malachi accuses Israel of selfishness after the exile and announces that the day of the Lord will purify Israel and prepare them for God’s kingdom.

Explore Malachi



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The book of


MALACHI, a prophet in the days of Nehemiah, directs his message of judgment
to a people plagued with corrupt priests, wicked practices, and a false sense
of security in their privileged relationship with God. Using the question-andanswer
method, Malachi probes deeply into their problems of hypocrisy, infidelity,
mixed marriages, divorce, false worship, and arrogance. So sinful has the
nation become that God’s words to the people no longer have any impact. For four
hundred years after Malachi’s ringing condemnations, God remains silent. Only
with the coming of John the Baptist (prophesied in 3:1) does God again communicate
to His people through a prophet’s voice.
The meaning of the name Mal’aki (“My Messenger”) is probably a shortened
form of Mal’akya, “Messenger of Yahweh,” and it is appropriate to the book which
speaks of the coming of the “messenger of the covenant” (“messenger” is mentioned
three times in 2:7; 3:1). The Septuagint used the title Malachias even though
it also translated it “by the hand of his messenger.” The Latin title is Maleachi.


1 THE 1burden of the word of the LORD to Israel 2by Malachi.

Israel Beloved of God

2 “Ia have loved you,” says the LORD. “Yet you say, ‘In what way have You loved us?’ Was not Esau Jacob’s brother?” Says the LORD. “Yet bJacob I have loved;

CHAPTER 1 References

1 1oracle,
prophecy 2Lit.
by the hand
2 aDeut. 4:37;
7:8; 23:5
bRom. 9:13
3 aJer. 49:18

3 But Esau I have hated, And alaid waste his mountains and his heritage For the jackals of the wilderness.”

4 Even though Edom has said, “We have been impoverished, But we will return and build the desolate places,”

Thus says the LORD of hosts:

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“They may build, but I will athrow down; They shall be called the Territory of Wickedness, And the people against whom the LORD will have indignation forever.
5 Your eyes shall see, And you shall say, a‘The LORD is magnified beyond the border of Israel.’

Polluted Offerings

6 “A son ahonors his father, And a servant his master. bIf then I am the Father, Where is My honor? And if I am a Master, Where is My reverence? Says the LORD of hosts To you priests who despise My name. cYet you say, ‘In what way have we despised Your name?’

7 “You offer adefiled food on My altar, But say, ‘In what way have we defiled You?’ By saying, b‘The table of the LORD is 1contemptible.’
8 And awhen you offer the blind as a sacrifice, Is it not evil? And when you offer the lame and sick, Is it not evil? Offer it then to your governor! Would he be pleased with you? Would he baccept1 you favorably?” Says the LORD of hosts.

9 “But now entreat God’s favor, That He may be gracious to us. aWhile this is being done by your hands, Will He accept you favorably?” Says the LORD of hosts.
10 “Who is there even among you who would shut the doors, aSo that you would not kindle fire on My altar in vain? I have no pleasure in you,” Says the LORD of hosts, b“Nor will I accept an offering from your hands.
11 For afrom the rising of the sun, even to its going down, My name shall be great bamong the Gentiles; cIn every place dincense shall be offered to My name, And a pure offering; eFor My name shall be great among the nations,” Says the LORD of hosts.

12 “But you profane it, In that you say,

4 aJer.
5 aPs. 35:27;
Mic. 5:4
6 a[Ex. 20:12];
Prov. 30:11,
17; [Matt.
15:4–8; Eph.
6:2, 3] b[Is.
63:16; 64:8];
Jer. 31:9; Luke
6:46 cMal.
7 aDeut. 15:21
bEzek. 41:22
1Or to be despised
8 aLev. 22:22;
15:19–23 b[Job
42:8] 1Lit. lift
up your face
9 aHos. 13:9
10 a1 Cor. 9:13
bIs. 1:11
11 aIs. 59:19
bIs. 60:3, 5
c1 Tim. 2:8
dRev. 8:3 eIs.
66:18, 19
12 aMal. 1:7
1So with Bg.;
MT Lord
13 aIs. 43:22
bLev. 22:20
14 aMal. 1:8
bLev. 22:18–20
bPs. 47:2

CHAPTER 2 References

1 aMal. 1:6
2 a[Lev. 26:14,
15; Deut.
28:15] bMal.
3 aEx. 29:14
b1 Kin. 14:10
1Lit. to it
5 aNum. 25:12;
Ezek. 34:25
bDeut. 33:9
6 aDeut. 33:10
bJer. 23:22;
[James 5:20] 1Or True instruction
7 aNum. 27:21;
Deut. 17:8–11;
Jer. 18:18


a‘The table of the 1LORD is defiled; And its fruit, its food, is contemptible.’
13 You also say, Oh, what a aweariness!’ And you sneer at it,” Says the LORD of hosts. “And you bring the stolen, the lame, and the sick; Thus you bring an offering! bShould I accept this from your hand?” Says the LORD.
14 “But cursed be athe deceiver Who has in his flock a male, And takes a vow, But sacrifices to the Lord bwhat is blemished— For cI am a great King,” Says the LORD of hosts, “And My name is to be feared among the nations.

Corrupt Priests


1 “And now, O apriests, this commandment is for you.
2 aIf you will not hear, And if you will not take it to heart, To give glory to My name,” Says the LORD of hosts, “I will send a curse upon you, And I will curse your blessings. Yes, I have cursed them balready, Because you do not take it to heart.

3 “Behold, I will rebuke your descendants And spread arefuse on your faces, The refuse of your solemn feasts; And one will btake you away 1with it.
4 Then you shall know that I have sent this commandment to you, That My covenant with Levi may continue,” Says the LORD of hosts.
5 “Mya covenant was with him, one of life and peace, And I gave them to him bthat he might fear Me; So he feared Me And was reverent before My name.
6 aThe1 law of truth was in his mouth, And 2injustice was not found on his lips. He walked with Me in peace and equity, And bturned many away from iniquity.

7 “Fora the lips of a priest should keep knowledge,

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And people should seek the law from his mouth; bFor he is the messenger of the LORD of hosts.
8 But you have departed from the way; You ahave caused many to stumble at the law. bYou have corrupted the covenant of Levi,” Says the LORD of hosts.
9 “Therefore aI also have made you contemptible and base Before all the people, Because you have not kept My ways But have shown bpartiality in the law.”

Treachery of Infidelity

10 aHave we not all one Father? bHas not one God created us? Why do we deal treacherously with one another By profaning the covenant of the fathers?
11 Judah has dealt treacherously, And an abomination has been committed in Israel and in Jerusalem, For Judah has aprofaned The LORD’s holy institution which He loves: He has married the daughter of a foreign god.
12 May the LORD cut off from the tents of Jacob The man who does this, being 1awake and aware, Yet awho brings an offering to the LORD of hosts!

13 And this is the second thing you do: You cover the altar of the LORD with tears, With weeping and crying; So He does not regard the offering anymore, Nor receive it with goodwill from your hands.
14 Yet you say, “For what reason?” Because the LORD has been witness Between you and athe wife of your youth, With whom you have dealt treacherously; bYet she is your companion And your wife by covenant.
15 But adid He not make them one, Having a remnant of the Spirit? And why one? He seeks bgodly offspring. Therefore take heed to your spirit, And let none deal treacherously with the wife of his youth.

16 “For athe LORD God of Israel says

7 b[Gal. 4:14] 8 aJer. 18:15
bNum. 25:12,
13; Neh.
13:29; Ezek.
9 a1 Sam. 2:30
bDeut. 1:17;
Mic. 3:11;
1 Tim. 5:21
10 aJer. 31:9;
1 Cor. 8:6;
[Eph. 4:6] bJob 31:15
11 aEzra 9:1, 2;
Neh. 13:23
12 aNeh. 13:29
teacher and
14 aProv. 5:18;
Jer. 9:2; Mal.
3:5 bProv. 2:17
15 aGen. 2:24;
Matt. 19:4, 5
bEzra 9:2;
[1 Cor. 7:14] 16 aDeut. 24:1;
[Matt. 5:31;
19:6–8] 17 aIs. 43:22,
24 bIs. 5:20;
Zeph. 1:12

That He hates divorce, For it covers one’s garment with violence,” Says the LORD of hosts. “Therefore take heed to your spirit, That you do not deal treacherously.”
17 aYou have wearied the LORD with your words; Yet you say, “In what way have we wearied Him?” In that you say, b“Everyone who does evil Is good in the sight of the LORD, And He delights in them,” Or, “Where is the God of justice?”

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Joy in the Fellowship of God

A Psalm of David awhen he was in the wilderness of Judah.

1 O GOD,You are my God; Early will I seek You; aMy soul thirsts for You; My flesh longs for You In a dry and thirsty land Where there is no water.
2 So I have looked for You in the sanctuary, To see aYour power and Your glory.

3 aBecause Your lovingkindness is better than life, My lips shall praise You.
4 Thus I will bless You while I live; I will alift up my hands in Your name.
5 My soul shall be satisfied as with 1marrow and 2fatness, And my mouth shall praise You with joyful lips.

PSALM 63 References

title a1 Sam.
1 aPs. 42:2;
[Matt. 5:6] 2 aPs. 27:4
3 aPs. 138:2
4 aPs. 28:2;
5 1Lit. fat
6 aPs. 42:8
10 1Lit. pour
him out by
the hand of
the sword
11 aDeut. 6:13;
[Is. 45:23;

6 When aI remember You on my bed, I meditate on You in the night watches.
7 Because You have been my help, Therefore in the shadow of Your wings I will rejoice.
8 My soul follows close behind You; Your right hand upholds me.

9 But those who seek my life, to destroy it, Shall go into the lower parts of the earth.
10 They shall 1fall by the sword; They shall be 2a portion for jackals.

11 But the king shall rejoice in God; aEveryone who swears by Him shall glory; But the mouth of those who speak lies shall be stopped.




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