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The People of the Kingdom

(Category 15 of 16)


page 1024

CHAPTER 3 References

1 1NU omits
that you
should not
obey the truth
2NU omits
among you
2 aRom. 10:16,
3 a[Gal. 4:9] bHeb. 7:16
4 aHeb. 10:35
1Or great
6 aGen. 15:6
7 aJohn 8:39
8 aRom. 9:17
bGen. 12:3;
18:18; 22:18;
26:4; 28:14
10 aDeut. 27:26
11 aHab. 2:4
12 aRom. 4:4, 5
bLev. 18:5
13 a[Rom. 8:3] bDeut. 21:23

Justification by Faith


1 O foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you 1that you should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ was clearly portrayed 2among you as crucified?
2 This only I want to learn from you: Did you receive the Spirit by the works of the law, aor by the hearing of faith?
3 Are you so foolish? aHaving begun in the Spirit, are you now being made perfect by bthe flesh?
4 aHave you suffered so 1many things in vain—if indeed it was in vain?
5 Therefore He who supplies the Spirit to you and works miracles among you, does He do it by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?—
6 just as Abraham a“believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.”
7 Therefore know that only athose who are of faith are sons of Abraham.
8 And athe Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel to Abraham beforehand, saying, b“In you all the nations shall be blessed.”
9 So then those who are of faith are blessed with believing Abraham.

The Law Brings a Curse

10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse; for it is written, a“Cursed is everyone who does not continue in all things which are written in the book of the law, to do them.”
11 But that no one is 1justified by the law in the sight of God is evident, for a“the just shall live by faith.”
12 Yet athe law is not of faith, but b“the man who does them shall live by them.”
13 aChrist has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us (for it is written, b“Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”),

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14 athat the blessing of Abraham might come upon the bGentiles in Christ Jesus, that we might receive cthe promise of the Spirit through faith.

The Changeless Promise

15 Brethren, I speak in the manner of men: aThough it is only a man’s covenant, yet if it is confirmed, no one annuls or adds to it.
16 Now to Abraham and his Seed were the promises made. He does not say, “And to seeds,” as of many, but as of aone, b“And to your Seed,” who is cChrist.
17 And this I say, that the law, awhich was four hundred and thirty years later, cannot annul the covenant that was confirmed before by God 1in Christ, bthat it should make the promise of no effect.
18 For if athe inheritance is of the law, bit is no longer of promise; but God gave it to Abraham by promise.

Purpose of the Law

19 What purpose then does the law serve? aIt was added because of transgressions, till the bSeed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was cappointed through angels by the hand dof a mediator.
20 Now a mediator does not mediate for one only, abut God is one.
21 Is the law then against the promises of God? Certainly not! For if there had been a law given which could have given life, truly righteousness would have been by the law.
22 But the Scripture has confined aall under sin, bthat the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe.
23 But before faith came, we were kept under guard by the law, 1kept for the faith which would afterward be revealed.
24 Therefore athe law was our 1tutor to bring us to Christ, bthat we might be justified by faith.
25 But after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor.

Sons and Heirs

26 For you aare all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus.
27 For aas many of you as were baptized into Christ bhave put on Christ.
28 aThere is neither Jew nor Greek, bthere is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all cone in Christ Jesus.
29 And aif you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s bseed, and cheirs according to the promise.


1 Now I say that the heir, as long as he is a child, does not differ at all from a slave, though he is master of all,
2 but is under guardians and stew-

14 aGen. 12:3;
22:18; [Rom.
4:1–5, 9, 16] bIs. 49:6; Rom.
3:29, 30 cIs.
15 aHeb. 9:17
16 aGen. 22:18
bGen. 12:3, 7;
13:15; 24:7
c[1 Cor. 12:12] 17 aEx. 12:40
b[Rom. 4:13] 1NU omits in
18 a[Rom.
8:17] bRom.
19 aJohn 15:22
bGal. 4:4 cActs
7:53 dEx.
20 a[Rom.
3:29] 22 aRom. 11:32
bRom. 4:11
23 1Lit. confined
24 aRom. 10:4
bActs 13:39 1In
a household,
the guardian
for the care
and discipline
of the children
26 aJohn 1:12
27 a[Rom. 6:3] bRom. 10:12;
28 aCol. 3:11
b[1 Cor. 12:13] c[Eph. 2:15, 16] 29 aGen. 21:10;
Heb. 11:18
bRom. 4:11;
Gal. 3:7 cGen.
12:3; 18:18;
Rom. 8:17

CHAPTER 4 References

3 aCol. 2:8, 20
4 a[Gen. 49:10] b[John 1:14] cGen. 3:15; [Is.
7:14; Matt.
1:25] d[Matt.
5:17]; Luke
2:21, 27 1Or
5 a[Matt.
20:28] b[John
1:12] 6 a[Rom. 5:5;
8:9, 15, 16] 1Lit., in
Aram., Father
7 a[Rom. 8:16,
17] 1NU
through God
2NU omits
8 aEph. 2:12
bRom. 1:25
9 a[1 Cor. 8:3] bCol. 2:20
cHeb. 7:18
10 aRom. 14:5
11 a1 Thess.
12 a2 Cor. 2:5
13 a1 Cor. 2:3
14 aMal. 2:7
b[Luke 10:16] 1Or messenger
15 1NU Where
17 aRom. 10:2
19 a1 Cor. 4:15
22 aGen. 16:15
bGen. 21:2


ards until the time appointed by the father.
3 Even so we, when we were children, awere in bondage under the elements of the world.
4 But awhen the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, bborn1 cof a woman, dborn under the law,
5 ato redeem those who were under the law, bthat we might receive the adoption as sons.
6 And because you are sons, God has sent forth athe Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying out, 1“Abba, Father!”
7 Therefore you are no longer a slave but a son, aand if a son, then an heir 1of God 2through Christ.

Fears for the Church

8 But then, indeed, awhen you did not know God, byou served those which by nature are not gods.
9 But now aafter you have known God, or rather are known by God, bhow is it that you turn again to cthe weak and beggarly elements, to which you desire again to be in bondage?
10 aYou observe days and months and seasons and years.
11 I am afraid for you, alest I have labored for you in vain.
12 Brethren, I urge you to become like me, for I became like you. aYou have not injured me at all.
13 You know that abecause of physical infirmity I preached the gospel to you at the first.
14 And my trial which was in my flesh you did not despise or reject, but you received me aas an 1angel of God, beven as Christ Jesus.
15 1What then was the blessing you enjoyed? For I bear you witness that, if possible, you would have plucked out your own eyes and given them to me.
16 Have I therefore become your enemy because I tell you the truth?
17 They azealously court you, but for no good; yes, they want to exclude you, that you may be zealous for them.
18 But it is good to be zealous in a good thing always, and not only when I am present with you.
19 aMy little children, for whom I labor in birth again until Christ is formed in you,
20 I would like to be present with you now and to change my tone; for I have doubts about you.

Two Covenants

21 Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not hear the law?
22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons: athe one by a bondwoman, bthe other by a freewoman.
23 But he who was of the bond-

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woman awas born according to the flesh, band he of the freewoman through promise,
24 which things are symbolic. For these are 1the two covenants: the one from Mount aSinai which gives birth to bondage, which is Hagar—
25 for this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia, and corresponds to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children—
26 but the aJerusalem above is free, which is the mother of us all.
27 For it is written:

a“Rejoice, O barren, You who do not bear! Break forth and shout, You who are not in labor! For the desolate has many more children Than she who has a husband.”

28 Now awe, brethren, as Isaac was, are bchildren of promise.
29 But, as ahe who was born according to the flesh then persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, beven so it is now.
30 Nevertheless what does athe Scripture say? bCast out the bondwoman and her son, for cthe son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman.”
31 So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman but of the free.

23 aRom. 9:7, 8
bHeb. 11:11
24 aDeut. 33:2
1NU, M omit
26 a[Is. 2:2] 27 aIs. 54:1
28 aGal. 3:29
bActs 3:25
29 aGen. 21:9
bGal. 5:11
30 a[Gal. 3:8,
22] bGen.
21:10, 12
c[John 8:35]

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A Prayer of Faith in Time of Distress

To the Chief Musician. With stringed instruments. aOn 1an eight-stringed harp. A Psalm of David.

1 O LORD, ado not rebuke me in Your anger, Nor chasten me in Your hot displeasure.
2 Have mercy on me, O LORD, for I am weak; O LORD, aheal me, for my bones are troubled.
3 My soul also is greatly atroubled; But You, O LORD—how long?

4 Return, O LORD, deliver me! Oh, save me for Your mercies’ sake!
5 aFor in death there is no remembrance of You; In the grave who will give You thanks?

PSALM 6 References

title aPs. 12:
title 1Heb.
1 aPs. 38:1;
118:18; [Jer.
10:24] 2 aPs. 41:4;
147:3; [Hos.
6:1] 3 aPs. 88:3;
John 12:27
5 aPs. 30:9;
115:17; [Eccl.
9:10]; Is. 38:18
6 1Or Every
7 aJob 17:7;
Ps. 31:9
8 a[Matt.
25:41] 8 bPs. 3:4; 28:6

6 I am weary with my groaning; 1All night I make my bed swim; I drench my couch with my tears.
7 aMy eye wastes away because of grief; It grows old because of all my enemies.

8 aDepart from me, all you workers of iniquity; For the LORD has bheard the voice of my weeping.
9 The LORD has heard my supplication; The LORD will receive my prayer.
10 Let all my enemies be ashamed and greatly troubled; Let them turn back and be ashamed suddenly.




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