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The Exodus from Egypt

(Category 3 of 16)

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Bread from Heaven


1 And they ajourneyed from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came to the Wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and bSinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after they departed from the land of Egypt.
2 Then the whole congregation of the children of Israel acomplained against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.
3 And the children of Israel said to them, a“Oh, that we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, bwhen we sat by the pots of meat and when we ate bread to the full! For you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger.”
4 Then the LORD said to Moses, “Behold, I will rain abread from heaven for you. And the people shall go out and gather 1a certain quota every day, that I may btest them, whether they will cwalk in My law or not.
5 “And it shall be on the sixth day that they shall prepare what they bring in, and ait shall be twice as much as they gather daily.”
6 Then Moses and Aaron said to all the children of Israel, a“At evening you shall know that the LORD has brought you out of the land of Egypt.
7 “And in the morning you shall see athe glory of the LORD; for He bhears your complaints against the LORD. But cwhat are we, that you complain against us?”
8 Also Moses said, “This shall be seen when the LORD gives you meat to eat in the evening, and in the morning bread to the full; for the LORD hears your complaints which you make against Him. And what are we? Your complaints are not against us but aagainst the LORD.”
9 Then Moses spoke to Aaron, “Say to all the congregation of the children of Israel, a‘Come near before the LORD, for He has heard your complaints.’ ”
10 Now it came to pass, as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the glory of the LORD aappeared in the cloud.
11 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
12 a“I have heard the complaints of the children of Israel. Speak to them, saying, b‘At twilight you shall eat meat, and cin the morning you shall be filled with bread. And you shall know that I am the LORD your God.’ ”
13 So it was that aquails came up at evening and covered the camp,

CHAPTER 16 References

1 aNum. 33:10,
11; Ezek.
30:15 bEx.
12:6, 51; 19:1
2 aEx. 14:11;
15:24; Ps.
106:25; 1 Cor.
3 aEx. 17:3;
Num. 14:2, 3;
20:3; Lam. 4:9
bNum. 11:4, 5
4 aNeh. 9:15;
Ps. 78:23–25;
105:40; [John
1 Cor. 10:3
bEx. 15:25;
Deut. 8:2, 16
cJudg. 2:22
1Lit. the portion
of a day
in its day
5 aEx. 16:22,
29; Lev. 25:21
6 aEx. 6:7
7 aEx. 16:10,
12; Is. 35:2;
40:5; John
11:4, 40
bNum. 14:27;
17:5 cNum.
8 a1 Sam. 8:7;
Luke 10:16;
[Rom. 13:2];
1 Thess. 4:8
9 aNum. 16:16
10 aEx. 13:21;
16:7; Num.
16:19; 1 Kin.
12 aEx. 16:8;
Num. 14:27
bEx. 16:6 cEx.
16:7; 1 Kin.
20:28; Joel
13 aNum.
11:31; Ps.
105:40 bNum.
14 aEx. 16:31;
Num. 11:7, 8;
Deut. 8:3;
Neh. 9:15; Ps.
78:24; 105:40
bPs. 147:16
15 aEx. 16:4;
Neh. 9:15; Ps.
78:24; [John
6:31, 49, 58];
1 Cor. 10:3
16 aEx. 12:4
bEx. 16:32, 36
18 a2 Cor. 8:15
19 aEx. 12:10;
16:23; 23:18
20 1listen to
23 aGen. 2:3;
Ex. 20:8–11;
23:12; 31:15;
35:2; Lev.
23:3; Neh.
9:13, 14
24 aEx. 16:20
26 aEx. 20:9,
28 a2 Kin.
17:14; Ps.
78:10; 106:13

and in the morning bthe dew lay all around the camp.
14 And when the layer of dew lifted, there, on the surface of the wilderness, was aa small round bsubstance, as fine as frost on the ground.
15 So when the children of Israel saw it, they said to one another, “What is it?” For they did not know what it was. And Moses said to them, a“This is the bread which the LORD has given you to eat.
16 “This is the thing which the LORD has commanded: ‘Let every man gather it aaccording to each one’s need, one bomer for each person, according to the number of persons; let every man take for those who are in his tent.’ ”
17 Then the children of Israel did so and gathered, some more, some less.
18 So when they measured it by omers, ahe who gathered much had nothing left over, and he who gathered little had no lack. Every man had gathered according to each one’s need.
19 And Moses said, “Let no one aleave any of it till morning.”
20 Notwithstanding they did not 1heed Moses. But some of them left part of it until morning, and it bred worms and stank. And Moses was angry with them.
21 So they gathered it every morning, every man according to his need. And when the sun became hot, it melted.
22 And so it was, on the sixth day, that they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. And all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses.
23 Then he said to them, “This is what the LORD has said: ‘Tomorrow is aa Sabbath rest, a holy Sabbath to the LORD. Bake what you will bake today, and boil what you will boil; and lay up for yourselves all that remains, to be kept until morning.’ ”
24 So they laid it up till morning, as Moses commanded; and it did not astink, nor were there any worms in it.
25 Then Moses said, “Eat that today, for today is a Sabbath to the LORD; today you will not find it in the field.
26 a“Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, the Sabbath, there will be none.”
27 Now it happened that some of the people went out on the seventh day to gather, but they found none.
28 And the LORD said to Moses, “How long ado you refuse to keep My commandments and My laws?
29 “See! For the LORD has given you the Sabbath; therefore He gives you on the sixth day bread for two days. Let every man remain in his place;

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let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.”
30 So the people rested on the seventh day.
31 And the house of Israel called its name 1Manna. And ait was like white coriander seed, and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey.
32 Then Moses said, “This is the thing which the LORD has commanded: ‘Fill an omer with it, to be kept for your generations, that they may see the bread with which I fed you in the wilderness,when I brought you out of the land of Egypt.’ ”
33 And Moses said to Aaron, a“Take a pot and put an omer of manna in it, and lay it up before the LORD, to be kept for your generations.”
34 As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up abefore the Testimony, to be kept.
35 And the children of Israel aate manna bforty years, cuntil they came to an inhabited land; they ate manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan.
36 Now an omer is one-tenth of an ephah

Water from the Rock


1 Then aall the congregation of the children of Israel set out on their journey from the Wilderness of bSin, according to the commandment of the LORD, and camped in Rephidim; but there was no water for the people to cdrink.
2 aTherefore the people contended with Moses, and said, “Give us water, that we may drink.” So Moses said to them, “Why do you contend with me? Why do you btempt the LORD?”
3 And the people thirsted there for water, and the people acomplained against Moses, and said, “Why is it you have brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our blivestock with thirst?”
4 So Moses acried out to the LORD, saying, “What shall I do with this people? They are almost ready to bstone1 me!”
5 And the LORD said to Moses, a“Go on before the people, and take with you some of the elders of Israel. Also take in your hand your rod with which byou struck the river, and go.
6 a“Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horeb; and you shall strike the rock, and water will come out of it, that the people may drink.” And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.
7 So he called the name of the place aMassah1 and 2Meribah, because of the contention of the children of Israel, and because they

31 aNum.
11:7–9 1Lit.
What, Ex.
33 aHeb. 9:4
34 aNum.
35 aDeut. 8:3,
16 bNum.
33:38 cJosh.

CHAPTER 17 References

1 aEx. 16:1
33:11–15 cEx.
2 aNum. 20:2,
3, 13 b[Deut.
6:16] 3 aEx. 16:2, 3
bEx. 12:38
4 aEx. 14:15
bJohn 8:59;
10:31 1Put me
to death by
5 aEzek. 2:6
bNum. 20:8
6 aNum.
20:10, 11
7 aNum.
20:13, 24;
27:14 1Lit.
Tempted 2Lit.
8 aGen. 36:12
9 aEx. 4:20
11 a[James
5:16] 12 1Weary of
being held up
14 aEx. 24:4;
34:27 b1 Sam.
15 1Heb.
YHWH Nissi
16 aGen.
22:14–16 1Lit.
a hand is
upon the
throne of the

CHAPTER 18 References

1 aEx. 2:16, 18;
3:1 b[Ps.
106:2, 8] 2 aEx. 2:21;
3 aActs 7:29
bEx. 2:22 1Lit.
4 aGen. 49:25
1Lit. My God
Is Help
5 aEx. 3:1, 12;
4:27; 24:13
7 aGen. 18:2


3tempted the LORD, saying, “Is the LORD among us or not?”

Victory over the Amalekites

8 aNow Amalek came and fought with Israel in Rephidim.
9 And Moses said to Joshua, “Choose us some men and go out, fight with Amalek. Tomorrow I will stand on the top of the hill with athe rod of God in my hand.”
10 So Joshua did as Moses said to him, and fought with Amalek. And Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill.
11 And so it was, when Moses aheld up his hand, that Israel prevailed; and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.
12 But Moses’ hands became 1heavy; so they took a stone and put it under him, and he sat on it. And Aaron and Hur supported his hands, one on one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun.
13 So Joshua defeated Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.
14 Then the LORD said to Moses, a“Write this for a memorial in the book and recount it in the hearing of Joshua, that bI will utterly blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.”
15 And Moses built an altar and called its name, 1The-LORD-Is-My- Banner;
16 for he said, “Because 1the LORD has asworn: the LORD will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.”

Jethro’s Advice


1 And aJethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father-in-law, heard of all that bGod had done for Moses and for Israel His people— that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.
2 Then Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, took aZipporah, Moses’ wife, after he had sent her back,
3 with her atwo sons, of whom the name of one was 1Gershom (for he said, b“I have been a 2stranger in a foreign land”)
4 and the name of the other was 1Eliezer (for he said, “The God of my father was my ahelp, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh”);
5 and Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, came with his sons and his wife to Moses in the wilderness, where he was encamped at athe mountain of God.
6 Now he had said to Moses, “I, your father-in-law Jethro, am coming to you with your wife and her two sons with her.”
7 So Moses awent out to meet his

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father-in-law, bowed down, and bkissed him. And they asked each other about their well-being, and they went into the tent.
8 And Moses told his father-in-law all that the LORD had done to Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel’s sake, all the hardship that had come upon them on the way, and how the LORD had adelivered them.
9 Then Jethro rejoiced for all the agood which the LORD had done for Israel, whom He had delivered out of the hand of the Egyptians.
10 And Jethro said, a“Blessed be the LORD, who has delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians and out of the hand of Pharaoh, and who has delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians.
11 “Now I know that the LORD is agreater than all the gods; bfor in the very thing in which they 1behaved cproudly, He was above them.”
12 Then Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, 1took a burnt aoffering and other sacrifices to offer to God. And Aaron came with all the elders of Israel bto eat bread with Moses’ father-in-law before God.
13 And so it was, on the next day, that Moses asat to judge the people; and the people stood before Moses from morning until evening.
14 So when Moses’ father-in-law saw all that he did for the people, he said, “What is this thing that you are doing for the people? Why do you alone 1sit, and all the people stand before you from morning until evening?”
15 And Moses said to his father-in-law, “Because athe people come to me to inquire of God.
16 “When they have aa 1difficulty, they come to me, and I judge between one and another; and I make known the statutes of God and His laws.”
17 So Moses’ father-in-law said to him, “The thing that you do is not good.
18 “Both you and these people who are with you will surely wear yourselves out. For this thing is too much for you; ayou are not able to perform it by yourself.
19 “Listen now to my voice; I will give you 1counsel, and God will be with you: Stand abefore God for the people, so that you may bbring the difficulties to God.
20 “And you shall ateach them the statutes and the laws, and show them the way in which they must walk and bthe work they must do.
21 “Moreover you shall select from all the people aable men, such as bfear God, cmen of truth, dhating covetousness; and place such over them to be rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.

7 bEx. 4:27
8 aEx. 15:6, 16
9 a[Is. 63:7–14] 10 aGen. 14:20
11 a2 Chr. 2:5
bEx. 1:10, 16,
22; 5:2, 7
cLuke 1:51
1acted presumptuously
12 aEx. 24:5
bDeut. 12:7
1So with MT,
LXX; Syr.,
13 aMatt. 23:2
14 1Sit as
15 aLev. 24:12
16 aEx. 24:14
18 aNum.
11:14, 17
19 aEx. 4:16;
20:19 bNum.
9:8; 27:5
20 aDeut. 5:1
bDeut. 1:18
21 aActs 6:3
b2 Sam. 23:3
cEzek. 18:8
dDeut. 16:19
22 aDeut. 1:17
bNum. 11:17
23 aEx. 16:29
25 aDeut. 1:15
26 aJob 29:16
1difficult matters
27 aNum.
10:29, 30

22 “And let them judge the people at all times. aThen it will be that every great matter they shall bring to you, but every small matter they themselves shall judge. So it will be easier for you, for bthey will bear the burden with you.
23 “If you do this thing, and God so commands you, then you will be able to endure, and all this people will also go to their aplace in peace.”
24 So Moses heeded the voice of his father-in-law and did all that he had said.
25 And aMoses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people: rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.
26 So they judged the people at all times; the ahard1 cases they brought to Moses, but they judged every small case themselves.
27 Then Moses let his father-in-law depart, and ahe went his way to his own land.

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The Suffering, Praise, and Posterity of the Messiah

To the Chief Musician. Set to 1“The Deer of the Dawn.” A Psalm of David.

1 MY aGod, My God, why have You forsaken Me? Why are You so far from helping Me, And from the words of My groaning?
2 O My God, I cry in the daytime, but You do not hear; And in the night season, and am not silent.

3 But You are holy, Enthroned in the apraises of Israel.
4 Our fathers trusted in You; They trusted, and You delivered them.
5 They cried to You, and were delivered; aThey trusted in You, and were not ashamed.

6 But I am aa worm, and no man; bA reproach of men, and despised by the people.
7 aAll those who see Me ridicule Me; They 1shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying,
8 “Hea 1trusted in the LORD, let Him rescue Him; bLet Him deliver Him, since He delights in Him!”

9 aBut You are He who took Me out of the womb; You made Me trust while on My mother’s breasts.
10 I was cast upon You from birth. From My mother’s womb aYou have been My God.
11 Be not far from Me, For trouble is near; For there is none to help.

12 aMany bulls have surrounded Me; Strong bulls of bBashan have encircled Me.
13 aThey 1gape at Me with their mouths, Like a raging and roaring lion.

14 I am poured out like water, aAnd all My bones are out of joint; My heart is like wax; It has melted 1within Me.
15 aMy strength is dried up like a potsherd, And bMy tongue clings to My jaws; You have brought Me to the dust of death.

PSALM 22 References

title 1Heb.
1 a[Matt.
27:46; Mark
15:34] 3 aDeut. 10:21;
Ps. 148:14
5 aIs. 49:23
6 aJob 25:6; Is.
41:14 bPs.
109:25; [Is.
53:3]; Matt.
7 aMatt. 27:39;
Mark 15:29
1Show contempt
their mouth
8 aMatt. 27:43;
Luke 23:35
bPs. 91:14
1LXX, Syr.,
Vg. hoped;
Tg. praised
9 a[Ps. 71:5, 6] 10 a[Is. 46:3;
49:1]; Luke
12 aPs. 22:21;
12 bDeut.
13 aJob 16:10;
1Lit. have
opened their
mouths at
14 aDan. 5:6
1Lit. in the
midst of My
15 aProv.
17:22 bJohn
16 aMatt.
27:35; 1So
with some
Heb. mss.,
LXX, Syr.,
Vg.; MT Like
a lion instead
of They
17 aLuke
23:27, 35
18 aMatt. 27:35
20 aPs. 35:17
1Lit. My only
21 a2 Tim.
4:17 bIs. 34:7
22 aHeb. 2:12
b[Rom. 8:29] 23 aPs. 135:19,
20 1Lit. seed
24 aHeb. 5:7
25 aPs. 35:18;
40:9, 10 bEccl.
27 1Gentiles
2So with MT,
LXX, Tg.;
Arab., Syr.,
Vg. Him
28 aMatt. 6:13
29 aPs. 17:10;
45:12; b[Is.
26:19] 1Death

16 For dogs have surrounded Me; The congregation of the wicked has enclosed Me. aThey1 pierced My hands and My feet;
17 I can count all My bones. aThey look and stare at Me.
18 aThey divide My garments among them, And for My clothing they cast lots.

19 But You, O LORD, do not be far from Me; O My Strength, hasten to help Me!
20 Deliver Me from the sword, aMy1 precious life from the power of the dog.
21 aSave Me from the lion’s mouth And from the horns of the wild oxen!

bYou have answered Me.

22 aI will declare Your name to bMy brethren; In the midst of the assembly I will praise You.
23 aYou who fear the LORD, praise Him! All you 1descendants of Jacob, glorify Him, And fear Him, all you offspring of Israel!
24 For He has not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted; Nor has He hidden His face from Him; But awhen He cried to Him, He heard.

25 aMy praise shall be of You in the great assembly; bI will pay My vows before those who fear Him.
26 The poor shall eat and be satisfied; Those who seek Him will praise the LORD. Let your heart live forever!

27 All the ends of the world Shall remember and turn to the LORD, And all the families of the 1nations Shall worship before 2You.
28 aFor the kingdom is the LORD’s, And He rules over the nations.

29 aAll the prosperous of the earth Shall eat and worship; bAll those who go down to 1the dust Shall bow before Him, Even he who cannot keep himself alive.

30 A posterity shall serve Him. It will be recounted of the Lord to the next generation,
31 They will come and declare His righteousness to a people who will be born, That He has done this.




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