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The Covenant at Mt. Sinai

(Category 4 of 16)

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CHAPTER 19 References

2 aLev. 11:44;
20:7, 26
3 aEx. 20:12
bEx. 16:23;
20:8; 31:13
4 aEx. 20:4
bEx. 34:17
5 aLev. 7:16

Moral and Ceremonial Laws


1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
2 “Speak to all the congregation of the children of Israel, and say to them: a‘You shall be holy, for I the LORD your God am holy.
3 a‘Every one of you shall revere his mother and his father, and bkeep My Sabbaths: I am the LORD your God.
4 a‘Do not turn to idols, bnor make for yourselves 1molded gods: I am the LORD your God.
5 ‘And aif you offer a sacrifice of

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a peace offering to the LORD, you shall offer it of your own free will.
6 ‘It shall be eaten the same day you offer it, and on the next day. And if any remains until the third day, it shall be burned in the fire.
7 ‘And if it is eaten at all on the third day, it is an abomination. It shall not be accepted.
8 ‘Therefore everyone who eats it shall bear his iniquity, because he has profaned the hallowed offering of the LORD; and that person shall be cut off from his people.
9 a‘When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not wholly reap the corners of your field, nor shall you gather the gleanings of your harvest.
10 ‘And you shall not glean your vineyard, nor shall you gather every grape of your vineyard; you shall leave them for the poor and the stranger: I am the LORD your God.
11 a‘You shall not steal, nor deal falsely, bnor lie to one another.
12 ‘And you shall not aswear by My name falsely, bnor shall you profane the name of your God: I am the LORD.
13 a‘You shall not cheat your neighbor, nor rob him. bThe wages of him who is hired shall not remain with you all night until morning.
14 ‘You shall not curse the deaf, anor put a stumbling block before the blind, but shall fear your God: I am the LORD.
15 ‘You shall do no injustice in ajudgment.You shall not bbe partial to the poor, nor honor the person of the mighty. In righteousness you shall judge your neighbor.
16 ‘You shall not go about as a atalebearer among your people; nor shall you btake a stand against the life of your neighbor: I am the LORD.
17 a‘You shall not hate your brother in your heart. bYou shall surely 1rebuke your neighbor, and not bear sin because of him.
18 a‘You shall not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the children of your people, bbut you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the LORD.
19 ‘You shall keep My statutes.You shall not let your livestock breed with another kind.You shall not sow your field with mixed seed. Nor shall a garment of mixed linen and wool come upon you.
20 ‘Whoever lies carnally with a woman who is abetrothed to a man as a concubine, and who has not at all been redeemed nor given her freedom, for this there shall be 1scourging; but they shall not be put to death, because she was not free.
21 ‘And he shall bring his trespass offering to the LORD, to the door of the tabernacle of meeting, a ram as a trespass offering.
22 ‘The priest shall make 1atone-

9 aDeut.
11 aEx. 20:15,
16 bEph. 4:25
12 aDeut. 5:11
bLev. 18:21
13 aEx.
22:7–15, 21–27
bDeut. 24:15
14 aDeut.
15 aDeut.
16:19 bEx.
23:3, 6
16 aProv.
11:13; 18:8;
20:19 b1 Kin.
17 a[1 John
2:9, 11; 3:15] bMatt. 18:15
18 a[Deut.
32:35] bMark
20 aDeut.
22 1Lit. covering
23 1unclean
28 aJer. 16:6
29 aDeut.
22:21; 23:17,
30 aLev. 26:2
31 aLev. 20:6,
32 a1 Tim. 5:1
bLev. 19:14
1rise to give
33 aEx. 22:21
34 aEx. 12:48
bDeut. 10:19
among you
36 aDeut.
37 aLev. 18:4, 5

CHAPTER 20 References

2 aLev. 18:2
bLev. 18:21
cDeut. 17:2–5
1As resident


ment for him with the ram of the trespass offering before the LORD for his sin which he has committed. And the sin which he has committed shall be forgiven him.
23 ‘When you come into the land, and have planted all kinds of trees for food, then you shall count their fruit as 1uncircumcised. Three years it shall be as uncircumcised to you. It shall not be eaten.
24 ‘But in the fourth year all its fruit shall be holy, a praise to the LORD.
25 ‘And in the fifth year you may eat its fruit, that it may yield to you its increase: I am the LORD your God.
26 ‘You shall not eat anything with the blood, nor shall you practice divination or soothsaying.
27 ‘You shall not shave around the sides of your head, nor shall you disfigure the edges of your beard.
28 ‘You shall not amake any cuttings in your flesh for the dead, nor tattoo any marks on you: I am the LORD. 29 a‘Do not prostitute your daughter, to cause her to be a harlot, lest the land fall into harlotry, and the land become full of wickedness.
30 ‘You shall 1keep My Sabbaths and areverence My sanctuary: I am the LORD.
31 ‘Give no regard to mediums and familiar spirits; do not seek after athem, to be defiled by them: I am the LORD your God.
32 a‘You shall 1rise before the gray headed and honor the presence of an old man, and bfear your God: I am the LORD.
33 ‘And aif a stranger dwells with you in your land, you shall not mistreat him.
34 a‘The stranger who dwells among you shall be to you as 1one born among you, and byou shall love him as yourself; for you were strangers in the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.
35 ‘You shall do no injustice in judgment, in measurement of length, weight, or volume.
36 ‘You shall have ahonest scales, honest weights, an honest ephah, and an honest hin: I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt.
37 a‘Therefore you shall observe all My statutes and all My judgments, and perform them: I am the LORD.’ ”

Penalties for Breaking the Law


1 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
2 a“Again, you shall say to the children of Israel: b‘Whoever of the children of Israel, or of the strangers who 1dwell in Israel, who gives any of his descendants to Molech, he shall surely be put to death. The people of the land shall cstone him with stones.

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3 a‘I will set My face against that man, and will 1cut him off from his people, because he has given some of his descendants to Molech, to defile My sanctuary and profane My holy name.
4 ‘And if the people of the land should in any way 1hide their eyes from the man, when he gives some of his descendants to Molech, and they do not kill him,
5 ‘then I will set My face against that man and against his family; and I will cut him off from his people, and all who prostitute themselves with him to commit harlotry with Molech.
6 ‘And athe person who turns to mediums and familiar spirits, to prostitute himself with them, I will set My face against that person and cut him off from his people.
7 aConsecrate1 yourselves therefore, and be holy, for I am the LORD your God.
8 ‘And you shall keep aMy statutes, and perform them: bI am the LORD who 1sanctifies you.
9 ‘For aeveryone who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death. He has cursed his father or his mother. bHis blood shall be upon him.
10 a‘The man who commits adultery with another man’s wife, he who commits adultery with his neighbor’s wife, the adulterer and the adulteress, shall surely be put to death.
11 ‘The man who lies with his afather’s wife has uncovered his father’s nakedness; both of them shall surely be put to death. Their blood shall be upon them.
12 ‘If a man lies with his adaughterin- law, both of them shall surely be put to death. They have committed perversion. Their blood shall be upon them.
13 a‘If a man lies with a male as he lies with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination. They shall surely be put to death. Their blood shall be upon them.
14 ‘If a man marries a woman and her amother, it is wickedness. They shall be burned with fire, both he and they, that there may be no wickedness among you.
15 ‘If a man mates with an aanimal, he shall surely be put to death, and you shall kill the animal.
16 ‘If a woman approaches any animal and mates with it, you shall kill the woman and the animal. They shall surely be put to death. Their blood is upon them.
17 ‘If a man takes his asister, his father’s daughter or his mother’s daughter, and sees her nakedness and she sees his nakedness, it is a wicked thing. And they shall be 1cut off in the sight of their people. He

3 aLev. 17:10
1Put him to
4 1disregard
6 aLev. 19:31
7 aLev. 19:2
1Set yourselves
for the LORD
8 aLev. 19:19,
37 bEx. 31:13
1sets you
9 aEx. 21:17
b2 Sam. 1:16
10 aEx. 20:14
11 aLev. 18:7, 8
12 aLev. 18:15
13 aLev. 18:22
14 aLev. 18:17
15 aLev. 18:23
17 aLev. 18:9
1Put to death
18 aLev. 15:24;
18:19 1Or customary
made bare
3Put to death
19 aLev. 18:13
bLev. 18:12
20 aLev. 18:14
21 aLev. 18:16
22 aLev. 18:26;
19:37 bLev.
18:25, 28
23 aLev. 18:3,
24 bDeut. 9:5
24 aEx. 3:17;
6:8; 13:5;
33:1–3 bEx.
19:5; 33:16
25 aLev. 10:10;
11:1–47 bLev.
1detestable or
26 aLev. 19:2
27 aLev. 19:31

has uncovered his sister’s nakedness. He shall bear his 2guilt.
18 a‘If a man lies with a woman during her 1sickness and uncovers her nakedness, he has 2exposed her flow, and she has uncovered the flow of her blood. Both of them shall be 3cut off from their people.
19 ‘You shall not uncover the nakedness of your amother’s sister nor of your bfather’s sister, for that would uncover his near of kin. They shall bear their guilt.
20 ‘If a man lies with his auncle’s wife, he has uncovered his uncle’s nakedness. They shall bear their sin; they shall die childless.
21 ‘If a man takes his abrother’s wife, it is an 1unclean thing. He has uncovered his brother’s nakedness. They shall be childless.
22 ‘You shall therefore keep all My astatutes and all My judgments, and perform them, that the land where I am bringing you to dwell bmay not vomit you out.
23 a‘And you shall not walk in the statutes of the nation which I am casting out before you; for they commit all these things, and btherefore I abhor them.
24 ‘But aI have said to you, “You shall inherit their land, and I will give it to you to possess, a land flowing with milk and honey.” I am the LORD your God, bwho has separated you from the peoples.
25 a‘You shall therefore distinguish between clean animals and unclean, between unclean birds and clean, band you shall not make yourselves 1abominable by beast or by bird, or by any kind of living thing that creeps on the ground, which I have separated from you as 2unclean.
26 ‘And you shall be holy to Me, afor I the LORD am holy, and have separated you from the peoples, that you should be Mine.
27 a‘A man or a woman who is a medium, or who has familiar spirits, shall surely be put to death; they shall stone them with stones. Their blood shall be upon them.’ ”

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Man’s Wickedness and God’s Perfections

To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David the servant of the LORD.

1 AN oracle within my heart concerning the transgression of the wicked: aThere is no fear of God before his eyes.
2 For he flatters himself in his own eyes, When he finds out his iniquity and when he hates.
3 The words of his mouth are wickedness and deceit; aHe has ceased to be wise and to do good.
4 aHe devises wickedness on his bed; He sets himself bin a way that is not good; He does not 1abhor cevil.

5 Your mercy, O LORD, is in the heavens; Your faithfulness reaches to the clouds.

PSALM 36 References

1 aRom. 3:18
3 aPs. 94:8;
Jer. 4:22
4 aProv. 4:16;
[Mic. 2:1] bIs.
65:2 c[Ps. 52:3;
Rom. 12:9] 1reject, loathe
6 aJob 11:8;
Ps. 77:19;
[Rom. 11:33] 1Lit. mountains
of God
7 aRuth 2:12;
Ps. 17:8; 57:1;
8 aPs. 63:5;
65:4; Is. 25:6;
Jer. 31:12–14
bPs. 46:4; Rev.
9 a[Jer. 2:13;
John 4:10, 14] b[1 Pet. 2:9]

6 Your righteousness is like the 1great mountains; aYour judgments are a great deep; O LORD,You preserve man and beast.

7 How precious is Your lovingkindness, O God! Therefore the children of men aput their trust under the shadow of Your wings.
8 aThey are abundantly satisfied with the fullness of Your house, And You give them drink from bthe river of Your pleasures.
9 aFor with You is the fountain of life; bIn Your light we see light.

10 Oh, continue Your lovingkindness to those who know You, And Your righteousness to the upright in heart.
11 Let not the foot of pride come against me, And let not the hand of the wicked drive me away.
12 There the workers of iniquity have fallen; They have been cast down and are not able to rise.




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