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Rise & Fall of Israel’s Kingdom

(Category 7 of 16)

page 290

CHAPTER 22 References

1 aEx. 15:1;
Deut. 31:30;
Judg. 5:1 bPs.
18:title; 34:19
2 aPs. 18

Praise for God’s Deliverance


1 Then David aspoke to the LORD the words of this song, on the day when the LORD had bdelivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul.
2 And he asaid:

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b“The LORD is my rock and my cfortress and my deliverer;
3 The God of my strength, ain whom I will trust; My bshield and the chorn1 of my salvation, My dstronghold and my erefuge; My Savior,You save me from violence.
4 I will call upon the LORD, who is worthy to be praised; So shall I be saved from my enemies.

5 “When the waves of death surrounded me, The floods of ungodliness 1made me afraid.
6 The asorrows of Sheol surrounded me; The snares of death confronted me.
7 In my distress aI called upon the LORD, And cried out to my God; He bheard my voice from His temple, And my cry entered His ears.

8 “Then athe earth shook and trembled; bThe foundations of 1heaven quaked and were shaken, Because He was angry.
9 Smoke went up from His nostrils, And devouring afire from His mouth; Coals were kindled by it.
10 He abowed the heavens also, and came down With bdarkness under His feet.
11 He rode upon a cherub, and flew; And He 1was seen aupon the wings of the wind.
12 He made adarkness canopies around Him, Dark waters and thick clouds of the skies.
13 From the brightness before Him Coals of fire were kindled.

14 “The LORD athundered from heaven, And the Most High uttered His voice.
15 He sent out aarrows and scattered them; Lightning bolts, and He vanquished them.
16 Then the channels of the sea awere seen, The foundations of the world were uncovered, At the brebuke of the LORD, At the blast of the breath of His nostrils.

2 bDeut. 32:4
cPs. 91:2
3 aHeb. 2:13
bGen. 15:1
cLuke 1:69
dProv. 18:10
ePs. 9:9; 46:1,
7, 11
5 1Or overwhelmed
6 aPs. 116:3
7 aPs. 116:4;
120:1 bEx. 3:7
8 aJudg. 5:4
bJob 26:11
1So with MT,
LXX, Tg.;
Syr.,Vg. hills
(cf. Ps. 18:7)
9 aHeb. 12:29
10 aIs. 64:1
bEx. 20:21
11 aPs. 104:3
1So with MT,
LXX; many
Heb. mss.,
Syr.,Vg. flew
(cf. Ps. 18:10);
Tg. spoke
with power
12 aJob 36:29
14 aJob 37:2–5
15 aDeut.
16 aNah. 1:4
bEx. 15:8
17 aPs. 144:7
19 aIs. 10:20
20 aPs. 31:8;
118:5 b2 Sam.
21 a1 Sam.
26:23 bPs. 24:4
22 aPs. 119:3
23 a[Deut.
6:6–9; 7:12] 24 a[Eph. 1:4] 25 a2 Sam.
2LXX, Syr.,
Vg. the cleanness
of my
hands in His
sight (cf. Ps.
18:24); Tg. my
before His
26 a[Matt. 5:7] 27 a[Lev.
26:23, 24] 28 aPs. 72:12
bJob 40:11
29 aPs.
30 a2 Sam.
31 a[Matt.
5:48] bPs. 12:6
32 aIs. 45:5, 6

2 SAMUEL 22:32

17 “Hea sent from above, He took me, He drew me out of many waters.
18 He delivered me from my strong enemy, From those who hated me; For they were too strong for me.
19 They confronted me in the day of my calamity, But the LORD was my asupport.
20 aHe also brought me out into a broad place; He delivered me because He bdelighted in me.

21 “Thea LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness; According to the bcleanness of my hands He has recompensed me.
22 For I have akept the ways of the LORD, And have not wickedly departed from my God.
23 For all His ajudgments were before me; And as for His statutes, I did not depart from them.
24 I was also ablameless before Him, And I kept myself from my iniquity.
25 Therefore athe LORD has 1recompensed me according to my righteousness, According to 2my cleanness in His eyes.

26 “With athe merciful You will show Yourself merciful; With a blameless man You will show Yourself blameless;
27 With the pure You will show Yourself pure; And awith the devious You will show Yourself shrewd.
28 You will save the ahumble1 people; But Your eyes are on bthe haughty, that You may bring them down.

29 “For You are my alamp, O LORD; The LORD shall enlighten my darkness.
30 For by You I can run against a troop; By my God I can leap over a awall.
31 As for God, aHis way is perfect; bThe word of the LORD is proven; He is a shield to all who trust in Him.

32 “For awho is God, except the LORD?

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2 SAMUEL 22:33

And who is a rock, except our God?
33 1God is my astrength and power, And He bmakes 2my way cperfect.
34 He makes 1my feet alike the feet of deer, And bsets me on my high places.
35 He teaches my hands 1to make war, So that my arms can bend a bow of bronze.

36 “You have also given me the shield of Your salvation; Your gentleness has made me great.
37 You aenlarged my path under me; So my feet did not slip.

38 “I have pursued my enemies and destroyed them; Neither did I turn back again till they were destroyed.
39 And I have destroyed them and wounded them, So that they could not rise; They have fallen aunder my feet.
40 For You have aarmed me with strength for the battle; You have 1subdued under me bthose who rose against me.
41 You have also 1given me the anecks of my enemies, So that I destroyed those who hated me.
42 They looked, but there was none to save; Even ato the LORD, but He did not answer them.
43 Then I beat them as fine aas the dust of the earth; I trod them blike dirt in the streets, And I 1spread them out.

44 “Youa have also delivered me from the 1strivings of my people; You have kept me as the bhead of the nations. cA people I have not known shall serve me.
45 The foreigners submit to me; As soon as they hear, they obey me.
46 The foreigners fade away, And 1come frightened afrom their hideouts.

47 “The LORD lives! Blessed be my Rock! Let God be exalted, The aRock of my salvation!
48 It is God who avenges me, And asubdues the peoples under me;

33 aPs. 27:1
b[Heb. 13:21] cPs. 101:2, 6
Syr.,Vg. It is
God who
arms me with
strength (cf.
Ps. 18:32); Tg.
It is God who
sustains me
with strength
2So with Qr.,
LXX, Syr.,
Tg.,Vg. (cf.
Ps. 18:32); Kt.
34 a2 Sam.
2:18 bIs. 33:16
1So with Qr.,
LXX, Syr.,
Tg.,Vg. (cf.
Ps. 18:33); Kt.
35 1Lit. for the
37 aProv. 4:12
39 aMal. 4:3
40 a[Ps. 18:32] b[Ps. 44:5] 1Lit. caused
to bow down
41 aGen. 49:8
1given me victory
42 a1 Sam.
43 aPs. 18:42
bIs. 10:6
44 a2 Sam. 3:1
bDeut. 28:13
c[Is. 55:5] 1contentions
46 a[Mic. 7:17] 1So with
LXX, Tg.,Vg.
(cf. Ps. 18:45);
MT gird
47 aPs. 89:26
48 aPs. 144:2
49 aPs. 140:1,
4, 11
50 a2 Sam.
8:1–14 bRom.
51 aPs. 144:10
bPs. 89:20
c2 Sam.

CHAPTER 23 References

1 a2 Sam. 7:8,
9 b1 Sam.
16:12, 13
2 a[2 Pet. 1:21] 3 a[Deut. 32:4] bEx. 18:21
4 aPs. 89:36
5 aPs. 89:29
7 1Lit. filled

49 He delivers me from my enemies. You also lift me up above those who rise against me; You have delivered me from the aviolent man.
50 Therefore I will give thanks to You, O LORD, among athe Gentiles, And sing praises to Your bname.

51 “Hea is the tower of salvation to His king, And shows mercy to His banointed, To David and chis descendants forevermore.”

David’s Last Words


1 Now these are the last words of David.

Thus says David the son of Jesse;
Thus says athe man raised up on high, bThe anointed of the God of Jacob, And the sweet psalmist of Israel:

2 “Thea Spirit of the LORD spoke by me, And His word was on my tongue.
3 The God of Israel said, aThe Rock of Israel spoke to me: ‘He who rules over men must be just, Ruling bin the fear of God.
4 And ahe shall be like the light of the morning when the sun rises, A morning without clouds, Like the tender grass springing out of the earth, By clear shining after rain.’

5 “Although my house is not so with God, aYet He has made with me an everlasting covenant, Ordered in all things and secure. For this is all my salvation and all my desire; Will He not make it increase?
6 But the sons of rebellion shall all be as thorns thrust away, Because they cannot be taken with hands.
7 But the man who touches them Must be 1armed with iron and the shaft of a spear, And they shall be utterly burned with fire in their place.”

David’s Mighty Men

8 These are the names of the mighty men whom David had:

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1Josheb-Basshebeth the Tachmonite, chief among 2the captains. He was called Adino the Eznite, because he had killed eight hundred men at one time.
9 And after him was aEleazar the son of 1Dodo, the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David when they defied the Philistines who were gathered there for battle, and the men of Israel had retreated.
10 He arose and attacked the Philistines until his hand was aweary, and his hand stuck to the sword. The LORD brought about a great victory that day; and the people returned after him only to bplunder.
11 And after him was aShammah the son of Agee the Hararite. bThe Philistines had gathered together into a troop where there was a piece of ground full of lentils. So the people fled from the Philistines.
12 But he stationed himself in the middle of the field, defended it, and killed the Philistines. So the LORD brought about a great victory.
13 Then athree of the thirty chief men went down at harvest time and came to David at bthe cave of Adullam. And the troop of Philistines encamped in cthe Valley of Rephaim.
14 David was then in athe stronghold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.
15 And David said with longing, “Oh, that someone would give me a drink of the water from the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate!”
16 So the three mighty men broke through the camp of the Philistines, drew water from the well of Bethlehem that was by the gate, and took it and brought it to David. Nevertheless he would not drink it, but poured it out to the LORD.
17 And he said, “Far be it from me, O LORD, that I should do this! Is this not athe blood of the men who went in jeopardy of their lives?” Therefore he would not drink it. These things were done by the three mighty men.
18 Now aAbishai the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief of 1another three. He lifted his spear against three hundred men, killed them, and won a name among these three.
19 Was he not the most honored of three? Therefore he became their captain. However, he did not attain to the first three.
20 Benaiah was the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man from aKabzeel, 1who had done many deeds. bHe had killed two lion-like heroes of Moab. He also had gone down and killed a lion in the midst of a pit on a snowy day.
21 And he killed an Egyptian, 1a spectacular man. The Egyptian had

8 1Lit. One
Who Sits in
the Seat
(1 Chr. 11:11)
2So with MT,
Tg.; LXX,Vg.
the three
9 a1 Chr.
11:12; 27:4
1Dodai, 1 Chr.
10 aJudg. 8:4
b1 Sam. 30:24,
11 a1 Chr.
11:27 b1 Chr.
11:13, 14
13 a1 Chr.
11:15 b1 Sam.
22:1 c2 Sam.
14 a1 Sam.
22:4, 5
17 a[Lev.
17:10] 18 a2 Sam.
21:17; 1 Chr.
11:20 1So with
MT, LXX,Vg.;
some Heb.
mss., Syr.
thirty; Tg. the
mighty men
20 aJosh. 15:21
bEx. 15:15
1Lit. great of
21 1Lit. a man
of appearance
23 a2 Sam.
8:18; 20:23
24 a2 Sam.
2:18; 1 Chr.
25 a1 Chr.
30 aJudg. 2:9
33 a2 Sam.
23:11 1Or
34 a2 Sam.
35 1Hezro,
1 Chr. 11:37
36 a2 Sam. 8:3
38 a1 Chr. 2:53
39 a2 Sam.
11:3, 6

CHAPTER 24 References

1 a2 Sam. 21:1,
2 bNum. 26:2;
1 Chr. 27:23,
24 1take a
census of
2 aJudg. 20:1;
2 Sam. 3:10
b[Jer. 17:5] 3 aDeut. 1:11
4 1overruled

2 SAMUEL 24:5

a spear in his hand; so he went down to him with a staff, wrested the spear out of the Egyptian’s hand, and killed him with his own spear.
22 These things Benaiah the son of Jehoiada did, and won a name among three mighty men.
23 He was more honored than the thirty, but he did not attain to the first three. And David appointed him aover his guard.
24 aAsahel the brother of Joab was one of the thirty; Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem,
25 aShammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite,
26 Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite,
27 Abiezer the Anathothite, Mebunnai the Hushathite,
28 Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai the Netophathite,
29 Heleb the son of Baanah (the Netophathite), Ittai the son of Ribai from Gibeah of the children of Benjamin,
30 Benaiah a Pirathonite, Hiddai from the brooks of aGaash,
31 Abi-Albon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite,
32 Eliahba the Shaalbonite (of the sons of Jashen), Jonathan,
33 aShammah the 1Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite,
34 Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the son of the Maachathite, Eliam the son of aAhithophel the Gilonite,
35 1Hezrai the Carmelite, Paarai the Arbite,
36 Igal the son of Nathan of aZobah, Bani the Gadite,
37 Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Beerothite (armorbearer of Joab the son of Zeruiah),
38 aIra the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite,
39 and aUriah the Hittite: thirtyseven in all.

David’s Census of Israel and Judah


1 Again athe anger of the LORD was aroused against Israel, and He moved David against them to say, b“Go, 1number Israel and Judah.”
2 So the king said to Joab the commander of the army who was with him, “Now go throughout all the tribes of Israel, afrom Dan to Beersheba, and count the people, that bI may know the number of the people.”
3 And Joab said to the king, “Now may the LORD your God aadd to the people a hundred times more than there are, and may the eyes of my lord the king see it. But why does my lord the king desire this thing?”
4 Nevertheless the king’s word 1prevailed against Joab and against the captains of the army. Therefore Joab and the captains of the army went out from the presence of the king to count the people of Israel.
5 And they crossed over the

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2 SAMUEL 24:6

Jordan and camped in aAroer, on the right side of the town which is in the midst of the ravine of Gad, and toward bJazer.
6 Then they came to Gilead and to the land of Tahtim Hodshi; they came to aDan Jaan and around to bSidon;
7 and they came to the stronghold of aTyre and to all the cities of the bHivites and the Canaanites. Then they went out to South Judah as far as Beersheba.
8 So when they had gone through all the land, they came to Jerusalem at the end of nine months and twenty days.
9 Then Joab gave the sum of the number of the people to the king. aAnd there were in Israel eight hundred thousand valiant men who drew the sword, and the men of Judah were five hundred thousand men.

The Judgment on David’s Sin

10 And aDavid’s heart condemned him after he had numbered the people. So bDavid said to the LORD, c“I have sinned greatly in what I have done; but now, I pray, O LORD, take away the iniquity of Your servant, for I have ddone very foolishly.”
11 Now when David arose in the morning, the word of the LORD came to the prophet aGad, David’s bseer, saying,
12 “Go and tell David, ‘Thus says the LORD: “I offer you three things; choose one of them for yourself, that I may do it to you.” ’ ”
13 So Gad came to David and told him; and he said to him, “Shall aseven1 years of famine come to you in your land? Or shall you flee three months before your enemies, while they pursue you? Or shall there be three days’ plague in your land? Now consider and see what answer I should take back to Him who sent me.”
14 And David said to Gad, “I am in great distress. Please let us fall into the hand of the LORD, afor His mercies are great; but bdo not let me fall into the hand of man.”
15 So athe LORD sent a plague upon Israel from the morning till the appointed time. From Dan to Beersheba seventy thousand men of the people died.

5 aDeut. 2:36;
Josh. 13:9, 16
bNum. 32:1, 3
6 aJosh. 19:47;
Judg. 18:29
bJosh. 19:28;
Judg. 18:28
7 aJosh. 19:29
bJosh. 11:3;
Judg. 3:3
9 a1 Chr. 21:5
10 a1 Sam.
24:5 b2 Sam.
23:1 c2 Sam.
12:13 d1 Sam.
13:13; [2 Chr.
16:9] 11 a1 Sam.
22:5 b1 Sam.
9:9; 1 Chr.
13 aEzek.
14:21 1So with
MT, Syr., Tg.,
Vg.; LXX
three (cf.
1 Chr. 21:12)
14 a[Ps. 51:1;
103:8, 13, 14;
130:4, 7] b[Is.
47:6; Zech.
1:15] 15 a1 Chr.
16 aEx. 12:23;
2 Kin. 19:35;
Acts 12:23
bGen. 6:6;
1 Sam. 15:11
1Or Angel
2Ornan, 1 Chr.
17 a2 Sam. 7:8;
1 Chr. 21:17;
Ps. 74:1
18 a1 Chr.
21 aGen.
bNum. 16:48,
22 a1 Sam.
6:14; 1 Kin.
23 a[Ezek.
20:40, 41] 24 a1 Chr.
21:24, 25
25 a2 Sam.
21:14 b2 Sam.

16 aAnd when the 1angel stretched out His hand over Jerusalem to destroy it, bthe LORD relented from the destruction, and said to the angel who was destroying the people, “It is enough; now restrain your hand.” And the angel of the LORD was by the threshing floor of 2Araunah the Jebusite.
17 Then David spoke to the LORD when he saw the angel who was striking the people, and said, “Surely aI have sinned, and I have done wickedly; but these sheep, what have they done? Let Your hand, I pray, be against me and against my father’s house.”

The Altar on the Threshing Floor

18 And Gad came that day to David and said to him, a“Go up, erect an altar to the LORD on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.”
19 So David, according to the word of Gad, went up as the LORD commanded.
20 Now Araunah looked, and saw the king and his servants coming toward him. So Araunah went out and bowed before the king with his face to the ground.
21 Then Araunah said, “Why has my lord the king come to his servant?” aAnd David said, “To buy the threshing floor from you, to build an altar to the LORD, that bthe plague may be withdrawn from the people.”
22 Now Araunah said to David, “Let my lord the king take and offer up whatever seems good to him. aLook, here are oxen for burnt sacrifice, and threshing implements and the yokes of the oxen for wood.
23 “All these, O king, Araunah has given to the king.” And Araunah said to the king, “May the LORD your God aaccept you.”
24 Then the king said to Araunah, “No, but I will surely buy it from you for a price; nor will I offer burnt offerings to the LORD my God with that which costs me nothing.” So aDavid bought the threshing floor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver.
25 And David built there an altar to the LORD, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. aSo the LORD heeded the prayers for the land, and bthe plague was withdrawn from Israel.

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The Eternal Reign of the LORD

1 THE aLORD reigns, He is clothed with majesty; The LORD is clothed, bHe has girded Himself with strength. Surely the world is established, so that it cannot be 1moved.
2 aYour throne is established from of old; You are from everlasting.

PSALM 93 References

1 aPs. 96:10
bPs. 65:6
2 aPs. 45:6;
[Lam. 5:19] 3 1raised up
4 aPs. 65:7
5 1Lit. for
length of days

3 The floods have 1lifted up, O LORD, The floods have lifted up their voice; The floods lift up their waves.
4 aThe LORD on high is mightier Than the noise of many waters, Than the mighty waves of the sea.

5 Your testimonies are very sure; Holiness adorns Your house, O LORD, 1forever.




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