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Rise & Fall of Israel’s Kingdom

(Category 7 of 16)

page 345

CHAPTER 20 References

1 a2 Kin.
18:13; 2 Chr.
32:24; Is.
3 a2 Kin.
18:3–6; Neh.
5 a1 Sam. 9:16;
10:1 b2 Kin.
19:20; Ps. 65:2
cPs. 39:12;
6 a2 Kin.
19:34; 2 Chr.
7 aIs. 38:21
8 aJudg. 6:17,
37, 39; Is.
7:11, 14; 38:22

Hezekiah’s Life Extended


1 In athose days Hezekiah was sick and near death. And Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, went to him and said to him, “Thus says the LORD: ‘Set your house in order, for you shall die, and not live.’ ”
2 Then he turned his face toward the wall, and prayed to the LORD, saying,
3 a“Remember now, O LORD, I pray, how I have walked before You in truth and with a loyal heart, and have done what was good in Your sight.” And Hezekiah wept bitterly.
4 And it happened, before Isaiah had gone out into the middle court, that the word of the LORD came to him, saying,
5 “Return and tell Hezekiah athe leader of My people, ‘Thus says the LORD, the God of David your father: b“I have heard your prayer, I have seen cyour tears; surely I will heal you. On the third day you shall go up to the house of the LORD.
6 “And I will add to your days fifteen years. I will deliver you and this city from the hand of the king of Assyria; and aI will defend this city for My own sake, and for the sake of My servant David.” ’ ”
7 Then aIsaiah said, “Take a lump of figs.” So they took and laid it on the boil, and he recovered.
8 And Hezekiah said to Isaiah, a“What is the sign that the LORD will

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2 KINGS 20:9

heal me, and that I shall go up to the house of the LORD the third day?”
9 Then Isaiah said, a“This is the sign to you from the LORD, that the LORD will do the thing which He has spoken: shall the shadow go forward ten degrees or go backward ten degrees?”
10 And Hezekiah answered, “It is an easy thing for the shadow to go down ten 1degrees; no, but let the shadow go backward ten degrees.”
11 So Isaiah the prophet cried out to the LORD, and aHe brought the shadow ten 1degrees backward, by which it had gone down on the sundial of Ahaz.

The Babylonian Envoys

12 aAt that time 1Berodach-Baladan the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a present to Hezekiah, for he heard that Hezekiah had been sick.
13 And aHezekiah was attentive to them, and showed them all the house of his treasures—the silver and gold, the spices and precious ointment, and 1all 2his armory—all that was found among his treasures. There was nothing in his house or in all his dominion that Hezekiah did not show them.
14 Then Isaiah the prophet went to King Hezekiah, and said to him, “What did these men say, and from where did they come to you?” So Hezekiah said, “They came from a far country, from Babylon.”
15 And he said, “What have they seen in your house?” So Hezekiah answered, a“They have seen all that is in my house; there is nothing among my treasures that I have not shown them.”
16 Then Isaiah said to Hezekiah, “Hear the word of the LORD:
17 ‘Behold, the days are coming when all that is in your house, and what your fathers have accumulated until this day, ashall be carried to Babylon; nothing shall be left,’ says the LORD.
18 ‘And athey shall take away some of your sons who will 1descend from you, whom you will beget; band they shall be ceunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon.’ ”
19 So Hezekiah said to Isaiah, a“The word of the LORD which you have spoken is good!” For he said, “Will there not be peace and truth at least in my days?”

Death of Hezekiah

20 aNow the rest of the acts of Hezekiah—all his might, and how he bmade a cpool and a 1tunnel and dbrought water into the city—are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
21 So aHezekiah 1rested with his

9 aIs. 38:7, 8
10 1Lit. steps
11 aIs. 38:8
1Lit. steps
12 aIs. 39:1–8
Baladan, Is.
13 a2 Chr.
32:27, 31 1So
with many
Heb. mss.,
Syr., Tg.; MT
omits all 2Lit.
the house of
his armor
15 a2 Kin.
17 aJer. 27:21,
22; 52:17
18 a2 Kin.
24:12 bDan.
1:3–7 cDan.
1:11, 18 1be
born from
19 a1 Sam.
20 a2 Chr.
32:32 bNeh.
3:16 cIs. 7:3
d2 Chr. 32:3,
30 1aqueduct
21 a2 Chr.
32:33 1Died
and joined his

CHAPTER 21 References

1 a2 Chr.
2 a2 Kin. 16:3
3 a2 Kin. 18:4,
22 b1 Kin.
c[Deut. 4:19;
17:2–5] 1Places for
pagan worship
Asherah, a
goddess 3The
gods of the
4 aJer. 7:30;
32:34 b1 Kin.
5 a1 Kin. 6:36;
6 a[Lev. 18:21;
20:2] b[Deut.
18:10–14] 7 a1 Kin. 8:29;
9:3 1A
8 a2 Sam. 7:10
9 a[Prov.
29:12] 10 a2 Kin.
11 a2 Kin.
23:26, 27;
24:3, 4 b1 Kin.
21:26 cGen.
15:16 d2 Kin.
12 aJer. 19:3
13 aAmos 7:7,
8 b2 Kin.

fathers. Then Manasseh his son reigned in his place.

Manasseh Reigns in Judah


1 Manasseh awas twelve years old when he became king, and he reigned fifty-five years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Hephzibah.
2 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, aaccording to the abominations of the nations whom the LORD had cast out before the children of Israel.
3 For he rebuilt the 1high places awhich Hezekiah his father had destroyed; he raised up altars for Baal, and made a 2wooden image, bas Ahab king of Israel had done; and he cworshiped all 3the host of heaven and served them.
4 aHe also built altars in the house of the LORD, of which the LORD had said, b“In Jerusalem I will put My name.”
5 And he built altars for all the host of heaven in the atwo courts of the house of the LORD.
6 aAlso he made his son pass through the fire, practiced bsoothsaying, used witchcraft, and consulted spiritists and mediums. He did much evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke Him to anger.
7 He even set a carved image of 1Asherah that he had made, in the 2house of which the LORD had said to David and to Solomon his son, a“In this house and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, I will put My name forever;
8 a“and I will not make the feet of Israel wander anymore from the land which I gave their fathers— only if they are careful to do according to all that I have commanded them, and according to all the law that My servant Moses commanded them.”
9 But they paid no attention, and Manasseh aseduced them to do more evil than the nations whom the LORD had destroyed before the children of Israel.
10 And the LORD spoke aby His servants the prophets, saying,
11 a“Because Manasseh king of Judah has done these abominations (bhe has acted more wickedly than all the cAmorites who were before him, and dhas also made Judah sin with his idols),
12 “therefore thus says the LORD God of Israel: ‘Behold, I am bringing such calamity upon Jerusalem and Judah, that whoever hears of it, both ahis ears will tingle.
13 ‘And I will stretch over Jerusalem athe measuring line of Samaria and the plummet of the house of Ahab; bI will wipe Jerusalem as one

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wipes a dish, wiping it and turning it upside down.
14 ‘So I will forsake the aremnant of My inheritance and deliver them into the hand of their enemies; and they shall become victims of plunder to all their enemies,
15 ‘because they have done evil in My sight, and have provoked Me to anger since the day their fathers came out of Egypt, even to this day.’
16 aMoreover Manasseh shed very much innocent blood, till he had filled Jerusalem from one end to another, besides his sin by which he made Judah sin, in doing evil in the sight of the LORD.
17 Now athe rest of the acts of bManasseh— all that he did, and the sin that he committed—are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
18 So aManasseh 1rested with his fathers, and was buried in the garden of his own house, in the garden of Uzza. Then his son Amon reigned in his place.

Amon’s Reign and Death

19 aAmon was twenty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned two years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Meshullemeth the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah.
20 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, aas his father Manasseh had done.
21 So he walked in all the ways that his father had walked; and he served the idols that his father had served, and worshiped them.
22 He aforsook the LORD God of his fathers, and did not walk in the way of the LORD.
23 aThen the servants of Amon bconspired against him, and killed the king in his own house.
24 But the people of the land aexecuted all those who had conspired against King Amon. Then the people of the land made his son Josiah king in his place.
25 Now the rest of the acts of Amon which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
26 And he was buried in his tomb in the garden of Uzza. Then Josiah his son reigned in his place.

Josiah Reigns in Judah


1 Josiah awas eight years old when he became king, and he reigned thirty-one years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Jedidah the daughter of Adaiah of bBozkath.
2 And he did what was right in the sight of the LORD, and walked in all the ways of his father David; he adid not turn aside to the right hand or to the left.

14 aJer. 6:9
16 a2 Kin. 24:4
17 a2 Chr.
b2 Kin. 20:21
18 a2 Chr.
33:20 1Died
and joined his
19 a2 Chr.
20 a2 Kin.
21:2–6, 11, 16
22 aJudg. 2:12,
13; 1 Kin.
11:33; 1 Chr.
23 a1 Chr. 3:14;
2 Chr. 33:24,
25; Matt. 1:10
b2 Kin. 12:20;
24 a2 Kin. 14:5

CHAPTER 22 References

1 a1 Kin. 13:2;
2 Chr. 34:1
bJosh. 15:39
2 aDeut. 5:32;
Josh. 1:7
3 a2 Chr. 34:8
4 a2 Kin. 12:4
b2 Kin. 12:9,
5 a2 Kin.
7 a2 Kin.
12:15; [1 Cor.
4:2] 8 aDeut.
2 Chr. 34:14
9 1Lit. poured
12 a2 Kin.
25:22; Jer.
26:24 1Abdon
the son of
Micah, 2 Chr.
13 a[Deut.
31:17, 18] 14 a2 Chr.

2 KINGS 22:15

Hilkiah Finds the Book of the Law

3 aNow it came to pass, in the eighteenth year of King Josiah, that the king sent Shaphan the scribe, the son of Azaliah, the son of Meshullam, to the house of the LORD, saying:
4 “Go up to Hilkiah the high priest, that he may count the money which has been abrought into the house of the LORD, which bthe doorkeepers have gathered from the people.
5 “And let them adeliver it into the hand of those doing the work, who are the overseers in the house of the LORD; let them give it to those who are in the house of the LORD doing the work, to repair the damages of the house—
6 “to carpenters and builders and masons—and to buy timber and hewn stone to repair the house.
7 “However athere need be no accounting made with them of the money delivered into their hand, because they deal faithfully.”
8 Then Hilkiah the high priest said to Shaphan the scribe, a“I have found the Book of the Law in the house of the LORD.” And Hilkiah gave the book to Shaphan, and he read it.
9 So Shaphan the scribe went to the king, bringing the king word, saying, “Your servants have 1gathered the money that was found in the house, and have delivered it into the hand of those who do the work, who oversee the house of the LORD.”
10 Then Shaphan the scribe showed the king, saying, “Hilkiah the priest has given me a book.” And Shaphan read it before the king.
11 Now it happened,when the king heard the words of the Book of the Law, that he tore his clothes.
12 Then the king commanded Hilkiah the priest, aAhikam the son of Shaphan, 1Achbor the son of Michaiah, Shaphan the scribe, and Asaiah a servant of the king, saying,
13 “Go, inquire of the LORD for me, for the people and for all Judah, concerning the words of this book that has been found; for great is athe wrath of the LORD that is aroused against us, because our fathers have not obeyed the words of this book, to do according to all that is written concerning us.”
14 So Hilkiah the priest, Ahikam, Achbor, Shaphan, and Asaiah went to Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of aTikvah, the son of Harhas, keeper of the wardrobe. (She dwelt in Jerusalem in the Second Quarter.) And they spoke with her.
15 Then she said to them, “Thus says the LORD God of Israel, ‘Tell the man who sent you to Me,

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2 KINGS 22:16

16 “Thus says the LORD: ‘Behold, aI will bring calamity on this place and on its inhabitants—all the words of the book which the king of Judah has read—
17 a‘because they have forsaken Me and burned incense to other gods, that they might provoke Me to anger with all the works of their hands. Therefore My wrath shall be aroused against this place and shall not be quenched.’ ” ’
18 “But as for athe king of Judah, who sent you to inquire of the LORD, in this manner you shall speak to him, ‘Thus says the LORD God of Israel: “Concerning the words which you have heard—
19 “because your aheart was tender, and you bhumbled yourself before the LORD when you heard what I spoke against this place and against its inhabitants, that they would become ca desolation and da curse, and you tore your clothes and wept before Me, I also have heard you,” says the LORD.
20 “Surely, therefore, I will 1gather you to your fathers, and you ashall 2be gathered to your grave in peace; and your eyes shall not see all the calamity which I will bring on this place.” ’ ” So they brought back word to the king.

16 aDeut.
17 aDeut.
18 a2 Chr.
19 a[Ps. 51:17] b1 Kin. 21:29
cLev. 26:31, 32
dJer. 26:6;
20 a[Is. 57:1, 2] 1Cause you to
join your ancestors
death 2Die a
natural death

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Psalms 107—150


Thanksgiving to the LORD for His Great Works of Deliverance

1 OH, agive thanks to the LORD, for He is good! For His 1mercy endures forever.
2 Let the redeemed of the LORD say so, Whom He has redeemed from the hand of the enemy,
3 And agathered out of the lands, From the east and from the west, From the north and from the south.

PSALM 107 References

1 aPs. 106:1
1Heb. same as
goodness, vv.
8, 15, 21, 31,
and lovingkindness,
v. 43
3 aIs. 43:5, 6
4 a [Deut. 2:7;
32:10] 6 aPs. 50:15
7 aEzra 8:21

4 They wandered in athe wilderness in a desolate way; They found no city to dwell in.
5 Hungry and thirsty, Their soul fainted in them.
6 aThen they cried out to the LORD in their trouble, And He delivered them out of their distresses.
7 And He led them forth by the aright way,

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That they might go to a city for a dwelling place.
8 aOh, that men would give thanks to the LORD for His goodness, And for His wonderful works to the children of men!
9 For aHe satisfies the longing soul, And fills the hungry soul with goodness.

10 Those who asat in darkness and in the shadow of death, bBound1 in affliction and irons—
11 Because they arebelled against the words of God, And 1despised bthe counsel of the Most High,
12 Therefore He brought down their heart with labor; They fell down, and there was anone to help.
13 Then they cried out to the LORD in their trouble, And He saved them out of their distresses.
14 aHe brought them out of darkness and the shadow of death, And broke their chains in pieces.
15 Oh, that men would give thanks to the LORD for His goodness, And for His wonderful works to the children of men!
16 For He has abroken the gates of bronze, And cut the bars of iron in two.

17 Fools, abecause of their transgression, And because of their iniquities, were afflicted.
18 aTheir soul abhorred all manner of food, And they bdrew near to the gates of death.
19 Then they cried out to the LORD in their trouble, And He saved them out of their distresses.
20 aHe sent His word and bhealed them, And cdelivered them from their destructions.
21 Oh, that men would give thanks to the LORD for His goodness, And for His wonderful works to the children of men!
22 aLet them sacrifice the sacrifices of thanksgiving, And bdeclare His works with 1rejoicing.

23 Those who go down to the sea in ships, Who do business on great waters,
24 They see the works of the LORD,

PSALM 107 References

8 aPs. 107:15,
9 a[Ps. 34:10;
Luke 1:53] 10 a[Is. 42:7;
Mic. 7:8; Luke
1:79] bJob
36:8 1Prisoners
11 aLam. 3:42
b[Ps. 73:24] 1scorned
12 aPs. 22:11
14 aPs. 68:6
16 aIs. 45:1, 2
17 a[Is. 65:6, 7;
Jer. 30:14, 15];
Lam. 3:39;
Ezek. 24:23
18 aJob 33:20
bJob 33:22
20 aMatt. 8:8
b2 Kin. 20:5;
Ps. 30:2 cJob
33:28, 30
22 aLev. 7:12;
Ps. 50:14;
Heb. 13:15
bPs. 9:11 1joyful
25 aJon. 1:4
26 aPs. 22:14
27 1Lit. all
their wisdom
is swallowed
29 aPs. 89:9;
Matt. 8:26;
Luke 8:24
31 aPs. 107:8,
15, 21
32 aPs. 22:22,
33 a1 Kin. 17:1,
7; Is. 50:2
34 aGen. 13:10;
Deut. 29:23
1Lit. a salty
35 aPs. 114:8;
[Is. 41:17, 18] 38 aGen. 12:2;
17:16, 20 bEx.
1:7; [Deut.
7:14] 39 a2 Kin.
40 aJob 12:21,
41 a1 Sam. 2:8;
[Ps. 113:7, 8] bPs. 78:52
42 aJob 5:15,

PSALM 107:42

And His wonders in the deep.
25 For He commands and araises the stormy wind, Which lifts up the waves of the sea.
26 They mount up to the heavens, They go down again to the depths; aTheir soul melts because of trouble.
27 They reel to and fro, and stagger like a drunken man, And 1are at their wits’ end.
28 Then they cry out to the LORD in their trouble, And He brings them out of their distresses.
29 aHe calms the storm, So that its waves are still.
30 Then they are glad because they are quiet; So He guides them to their desired haven.
31 aOh, that men would give thanks to the LORD for His goodness, And for His wonderful works to the children of men!
32 Let them exalt Him also ain the assembly of the people, And praise Him in the company of the elders.

33 He aturns rivers into a wilderness, And the watersprings into dry ground;
34 A afruitful land into 1barrenness, For the wickedness of those who dwell in it.
35 aHe turns a wilderness into pools of water, And dry land into watersprings.
36 There He makes the hungry dwell, That they may establish a city for a dwelling place,
37 And sow fields and plant vineyards, That they may yield a fruitful harvest.
38 aHe also blesses them, and they multiply greatly; And He does not let their cattle bdecrease.

39 When they are adiminished and brought low Through oppression, affliction, and sorrow,
40 aHe pours contempt on princes, And causes them to wander in the wilderness where there is no way;
41 aYet He sets the poor on high, far from affliction, And bmakes their families like a flock.
42 aThe righteous see it and rejoice,

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PSALM 107:43

And all biniquity stops its mouth.

43 aWhoever is wise will observe these things, And they will understand the lovingkindness of the LORD.

PSALM 107 References

42 bJob 5:16;
Ps. 63:11;
[Rom. 3:19] 43 aPs. 64:9;
Jer. 9:12;
[Hos. 14:9]




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