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The Prophets Before the Exile

(Category 8 of 16)

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The Servant, the Light to the Gentiles


1 “Listen, aO coastlands, to Me, And take heed, you peoples from afar! bThe LORD has called Me from the womb;

CHAPTER 49 References

1 aIs. 41:1
bJer. 1:5 1Lit.
inward parts
2 aRev. 1:16;
2:12 bIs. 51:16
cPs. 45:5
3 a[Zech. 3:8] bIs. 44:23
4 a[Ezek.
3:19] 1justice
5 aMatt. 23:37
1Qr., DSS,
LXX gathered
to Him; Kt.
not gathered
6 a[Luke 2:32] 7 a[Is. 53:3] b[Is. 52:15] 1Lit. his or
its 2Lit. who
is despised of
8 a2 Cor. 6:2
bIs. 42:6
9 aIs. 61:1

From the 1matrix of My mother He has made mention of My name.
2 And He has made aMy mouth like a sharp sword; bIn the shadow of His hand He has hidden Me, And made Me ca polished shaft; In His quiver He has hidden Me.”

3 “And He said to me, a‘You are My servant, O Israel, bIn whom I will be glorified.’
4 aThen I said, ‘I have labored in vain, I have spent my strength for nothing and in vain; Yet surely my 1just reward is with the LORD, And my 2work with my God.’ ”

5 “And now the LORD says, Who formed Me from the womb to be His Servant, To bring Jacob back to Him, So that Israel ais 1gathered to Him (For I shall be glorious in the eyes of the LORD, And My God shall be My strength),
6 Indeed He says, ‘It is too small a thing that You should be My Servant To raise up the tribes of Jacob, And to restore the preserved ones of Israel; I will also give You as a alight to the Gentiles, That You should be My salvation to the ends of the earth.’ ”

7 Thus says the LORD, The Redeemer of Israel, 1their Holy One, aTo Him 2whom man despises, To Him whom the nation abhors, To the Servant of rulers: b“Kings shall see and arise, Princes also shall worship, Because of the LORD who is faithful, The Holy One of Israel; And He has chosen You.”

8 Thus says the LORD:

“In an aacceptable1 time I have heard You, And in the day of salvation I have helped You; I will 2preserve You band give You As a covenant to the people, To restore the earth, To cause them to inherit the desolate 3heritages;
9 That You may say ato the prisoners, ‘Go forth,’ To those who are in darkness, ‘Show yourselves.’

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“They shall feed along the roads, And their pastures shall be on all desolate heights.
10 They shall neither ahunger nor thirst, bNeither heat nor sun shall strike them; For He who has mercy on them cwill lead them, Even by the springs of water He will guide them.
11 aI will make each of My mountains a road, And My highways shall be elevated.
12 Surely athese shall come from afar; Look! Those from the north and the west, And these from the land of Sinim.”

13 aSing, O heavens! Be joyful, O earth! And break out in singing, O mountains! For the LORD has comforted His people, And will have mercy on His afflicted.

God Will Remember Zion

14 aBut Zion said, “The LORD has forsaken me, And my Lord has forgotten me.”

15 “Cana a woman forget her nursing child, 1And not have compassion on the son of her womb? Surely they may forget, bYet I will not forget you.
16 See, aI have inscribed you on the palms of My hands; Your walls are continually before Me.
17 Your 1sons shall make haste; Your destroyers and those who laid you waste Shall go away from you.
18 aLift up your eyes, look around and see; All these gather together and come to you. As I live,” says the LORD, “You shall surely clothe yourselves with them all bas an ornament, And bind them on you as a bride does.
19 “For your waste and desolate places, And the land of your destruction, aWill even now be too small for the inhabitants; And those who swallowed you up will be far away.
20 aThe children you will have, bAfter you have lost the others,

10 aIs. 33:16;
48:21; Rev.
7:16 bPs. 121:6
cPs. 23:2; Is.
40:11; 48:17
11 aIs. 40:4
12 aIs. 43:5, 6
13 aIs. 44:23
14 aIs. 40:27
15 aPs. 103:13;
Mal. 3:17
bRom. 11:29
1Lit. From
having compassion
16 aEx. 13:9;
Song 8:6;
Hag. 2:23
17 1DSS, LXX,
18 aIs. 60:4;
John 4:35
bProv. 17:6
19 aIs. 54:1, 2;
Zech. 10:10
20 aIs. 60:4
b[Matt. 3:9;
Rom. 11:11] 22 aIs. 60:4
1banner 2Lit.
23 aPs. 72:11;
Is. 52:15 bPs.
72:9; Mic. 7:17
cPs. 34:22;
[Rom. 5:5] 24 aMatt.
12:29; Luke
11:21, 22 1So
with MT, Tg.;
DSS, Syr.,Vg.
of the mighty;
LXX unjustly
26 aIs. 9:20
bRev. 14:20
cPs. 9:16; Is.

CHAPTER 50 References

1 aDeut. 24:1;
Jer. 3:8 bDeut.
32:30; 2 Kin.
4:1; Neh. 5:5


Will say again in your ears, ‘The place is too small for me; Give me a place where I may dwell.’
21 Then you will say in your heart, ‘Who has begotten these for me, Since I have lost my children and am desolate, A captive, and wandering to and fro? And who has brought these up? There I was, left alone; But these, where were they?’ ”

22 aThus says the Lord GOD:

“Behold, I will lift My hand in an oath to the nations, And set up My 1standard for the peoples; They shall bring your sons in their 2arms, And your daughters shall be carried on their shoulders;
23 aKings shall be your foster fathers, And their queens your nursing mothers; They shall bow down to you with their faces to the earth, And blick up the dust of your feet. Then you will know that I am the LORD, cFor they shall not be ashamed who wait for Me.”

24 aShall the prey be taken from the mighty, Or the captives 1of the righteous be delivered?

25 But thus says the LORD:

“Even the captives of the mighty shall be taken away, And the prey of the terrible be delivered; For I will contend with him who contends with you, And I will save your children.
26 I will afeed those who oppress you with their own flesh, And they shall be drunk with their own bblood as with sweet wine. All flesh cshall know That I, the LORD, am your Savior, And your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.”

The Servant, Israel’s Hope


1 Thus says the LORD:

“Where is athe certificate of your mother’s divorce, Whom I have put away? Or which of My bcreditors is it to whom I have sold you?

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For your iniquities cyou have sold yourselves, And for your transgressions your mother has been put away.
2 Why, when I came, was there no man? Why, when I called, was there none to answer? Is My hand shortened at all that it cannot redeem? Or have I no power to deliver? Indeed with My arebuke I dry up the sea, I make the rivers a wilderness; Their fish stink because there is no water, And die of thirst.
3 aI clothe the heavens with blackness, bAnd I make sackcloth their covering.”

4 “Thea Lord GOD has given Me The tongue of the learned, That I should know how to speak A word in season to him who is bweary. He awakens Me morning by morning, He awakens My ear To hear as the learned.
5 The Lord GOD ahas opened My ear; And I was not brebellious, Nor did I turn away.
6 aI gave My back to those who struck Me, And bMy cheeks to those who plucked out the beard; I did not hide My face from shame and cspitting.

7 “For the Lord GOD will help Me; Therefore I will not be disgraced; Therefore aI have set My face like a flint, And I know that I will not be ashamed.
8 aHe is near who justifies Me; Who will contend with Me? Let us stand together. Who is 1My adversary? Let him come near Me.
9 Surely the Lord GOD will help Me; Who is he who will condemn Me? aIndeed they will all grow old like a garment; bThe moth will eat them up.

10 “Who among you fears the LORD? Who obeys the voice of His Servant? Who awalks in darkness And has no light? bLet him trust in the name of the LORD And rely upon his God.
11 Look, all you who kindle a fire,

1 cIs. 52:3
2 aPs. 106:9;
Nah. 1:4
3 aEx. 10:21
bIs. 13:10;
Rev. 6:12
4 aEx. 4:11
bMatt. 11:28
5 aPs. 40:6; Is.
35:5 bMatt.
26:39; Mark
14:36; Luke
22:42; John
8:29; 14:31;
15:10; Acts
26:19; [Phil.
2:8; Heb. 5:8;
10:7] 6 aMatt. 27:26;
John 18:22
bMatt. 26:67;
27:30; Mark
14:65; 15:19
cLam. 3:30
7 aEzek. 3:8, 9;
Luke 9:51
8 aActs 2:24;
8:32–34] 1Lit.
master of My
9 aJob 13:28;
Ps. 102:26;
Heb. 1:11 bIs.
51:6, 8
10 aPs. 23:4
a2 Chr. 20:20
11 a[John 9:39] bPs. 16:4

CHAPTER 51 References

1 a[Rom.
9:30–32] 1pursue
2 aRom. 4:1–3;
Heb. 11:11
bGen. 12:1
cGen. 24:35;
Deut. 1:10;
Ezek. 33:24
3 aIs. 40:1;
52:9; Ps.
102:13 bGen.
13:10; Joel 2:3
4 aIs. 2:3 bIs.
5 aIs. 46:13
bPs. 67:4 cIs.
60:9 d[Rom.
1:16] 6 aIs. 40:26
bPs. 102:25,
26; Is. 13:13;
34:4; Matt.
24:35; Heb.
1:10–12; 2 Pet.
3:10 cIs. 24:19,
20; 50:9; Heb.
1:10–12 dIs.
45:17 1broken
7 aPs. 37:31;
Jer. 31:33;
[Heb. 10:16] bIs. 25:8; 54:4;
[Matt. 5:11,
12; 10:28; Acts
5:41] 8 aIs. 50:9

Who encircle yourselves with sparks: Walk in the light of your fire and in the sparks you have kindledaThis you shall have from My hand: You shall lie down bin torment.

The LORD Comforts Zion


1 “Listen to Me, ayou who 1follow after righteousness, You who seek the LORD: Look to the rock from which you were hewn, And to the hole of the pit from which you were dug.
2 aLook to Abraham your father, And to Sarah who bore you; bFor I called him alone, And cblessed him and increased him.”

3 For the LORD will acomfort Zion, He will comfort all her waste places; He will make her wilderness like Eden, And her desert blike the garden of the LORD; Joy and gladness will be found in it, Thanksgiving and the voice of melody.

4 “Listen to Me, My people; And give ear to Me, O My nation: aFor law will proceed from Me, And I will make My justice rest bAs a light of the peoples.
5 aMy righteousness is near, My salvation has gone forth, bAnd My arms will judge the peoples; cThe coastlands will wait upon Me, And don My arm they will trust.
6 aLift up your eyes to the heavens, And look on the earth beneath. For bthe heavens will vanish away like smoke, cThe earth will grow old like a garment, And those who dwell in it will die in like manner; But My salvation will be dforever, And My righteousness will not be 1abolished.

7 “Listen to Me, you who know righteousness, You people ain whose heart is My law: bDo not fear the reproach of men, Nor be afraid of their insults.
8 For athe moth will eat them up like a garment, And the worm will eat them like wool;

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But My righteousness will be forever, And My salvation from generation to generation.”

9 aAwake, awake, bput on strength, O arm of the LORD! Awake cas in the ancient days, In the generations of old. dAreYou not the arm that cut eRahab apart, And wounded the fserpent?

10 Are You not the One who adried up the sea, The waters of the great deep; That made the depths of the sea a road For the redeemed to cross over?
11 So athe ransomed of the LORD shall return, And come to Zion with singing, With everlasting joy on their heads. They shall obtain joy and gladness; Sorrow and sighing shall flee away.

12 “I, even I, am He awho comforts you. Who are you that you should be afraid bOf a man who will die, And of the son of a man who will be made clike grass?
13 And ayou forget the LORD your Maker, bWho stretched out the heavens And laid the foundations of the earth; You have feared continually every day Because of the fury of the oppressor, When he has prepared to destroy. cAnd where is the fury of the oppressor?
14 The captive exile hastens, that he may be loosed, aThat he should not die in the pit, And that his bread should not fail.
15 But I am the LORD your God, Who adivided the sea whose waves roared— The LORD of hosts is His name.
16 And aI have put My words in your mouth; bI have covered you with the shadow of My hand, cThat I may 1plant the heavens, Lay the foundations of the earth, And say to Zion, ‘You are My people.’ ”

God’s Fury Removed

17 aAwake, awake! Stand up, O Jerusalem,

9 aPs. 44:23
bPs. 93:1 cPs.
44:1 dJob
26:12; Ps.
89:10; Is. 30:7
ePs. 87:4 fPs.
74:13; Is. 27:1
10 aEx. 14:21;
Is. 63:11–13
11 aIs. 35:10;
Jer. 31:11, 12
12 a2 Cor. 1:3
bPs. 118:6; Is.
2:22 cIs. 40:6,
7; James 1:10;
1 Pet. 1:24
13 aDeut. 6:12;
8:11; Is. 17:10;
Jer. 2:32 bPs.
104:2 cJob
14 aZech. 9:11
15 aJob 26:12
16 aDeut.
18:18; Is.
59:21; John
3:34 bEx.
33:22; Is. 49:2
cIs. 65:17
17 aIs. 52:1
bJob 21:20; Is.
29:9; Jer.
25:15; Rev.
14:10; 16:19
19 aIs. 47:9
bAmos 7:2
20 aLam. 2:11
21 aLam. 3:15
22 aIs. 3:12, 13;
49:25; Jer.
23 aIs. 14:2;
Jer. 25:17,
26–28; Zech.
12:2 1Lit. your

You who bhave drunk at the hand of the LORD The cup of His fury; You have drunk the dregs of the cup of trembling, And drained it out.
18 There is no one to guide her Among all the sons she has brought forth; Nor is there any who takes her by the hand Among all the sons she has brought up.
19 aThese two things have come to you; Who will be sorry for you?— Desolation and destruction, famine and sword— bBy whom will I comfort you?
20 aYour sons have fainted, They lie at the head of all the streets, Like an antelope in a net; They are full of the fury of the LORD, The rebuke of your God.

21 Therefore please hear this, you afflicted, And drunk abut not with wine.
22 Thus says your Lord, The LORD and your God, Who apleads the cause of His people: “See, I have taken out of your hand The cup of trembling, The dregs of the cup of My fury; You shall no longer drink it.
23 aBut I will put it into the hand of those who afflict you, Who have said to 1you, ‘Lie down, that we may walk over you.’ And you have laid your body like the ground, And as the street, for those who walk over.”

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PSALM 119 vv. 65 – 83


65 You have dealt well with Your servant, O LORD, according to Your word.
66 Teach me good judgment and aknowledge, For I believe Your commandments.
67 Before I was aafflicted I went astray, But now I keep Your word.
68 You are agood, and do good; Teach me Your statutes.
69 The proud have aforged1 a lie against me, But I will keep Your precepts with my whole heart.
70 aTheir heart is 1as fat as grease, But I delight in Your law.
71 It is good for me that I have been afflicted, That I may learn Your statutes.
72 aThe law of Your mouth is better to me Than thousands of coins of gold and silver.


73 aYour hands have made me and fashioned me; Give me understanding, that I may learn Your commandments.

PSALM 119 vv. 65 – 83 References

66 aPhil. 1:9
67 aProv. 3:11;
Jer. 31:18, 19;
[Heb. 12:5–11] 68 aPs. 106:1;
107:1; [Matt.
19:17] 69 aJob 13:4;
Ps. 109:2 1Lit.
smeared me
with a lie
70 aDeut.
32:15; Job
15:27; Ps.
17:10; Is. 6:10;
Jer. 5:28; Acts
28:27 1Insensible
72 aPs. 19:10;
Prov. 8:10, 11,
73 aJob 10:8;
31:15; [Ps.
139:15, 16] 74 aPs. 34:2
75 a[Heb.
12:10] 1Lit.
78 aPs. 25:3
81 aPs. 73:26;
83 aJob 30:30

74 aThose who fear You will be glad when they see me, Because I have hoped in Your word.
75 I know, O LORD, athat Your judgments are 1right, And that in faithfulness You have afflicted me.
76 Let, I pray, Your merciful kindness be for my comfort, According to Your word to Your servant.
77 Let Your tender mercies come to me, that I may live; For Your law is my delight.
78 Let the proud abe ashamed, For they treated me wrongfully with falsehood; But I will meditate on Your precepts.
79 Let those who fear You turn to me, Those who know Your testimonies.
80 Let my heart be blameless regarding Your statutes, That I may not be ashamed.


81 aMy soul faints for Your salvation, But I hope in Your word.
82 My eyes fail from searching Your word, Saying, “When will You comfort me?”
83 For aI have become like a wineskin in smoke,

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PSALM 119 vv. 84 – 96

Yet I do not forget Your statutes.
84 aHow many are the days of Your servant? bWhen will You execute judgment on those who persecute me?
85 aThe proud have dug pits for me, Which is not according to Your law.
86 All Your commandments are faithful; They persecute me awrongfully; Help me!
87 They almost made an end of me on earth, But I did not forsake Your precepts.
88 Revive me according to Your lovingkindness, So that I may keep the testimony of Your mouth.


89 aForever, O LORD, Your word 1is settled in heaven.

PSALM 119 vv. 84 – 96 References

84 aPs. 39:4
bRev. 6:10
85 aPs. 35:7;
Prov. 16:27;
Jer. 18:22
86 aPs. 35:19
89 aPs. 89:2; Is.
40:8; Matt.
24:35; [1 Pet.
1:25] 1Lit.
stands firm
90 1Lit. stands
91 aJer. 33:25
95 1give attention
96 aMatt. 5:18

90 Your faithfulness endures to all generations; You established the earth, and it 1abides.
91 They continue this day according to aYour ordinances, For all are Your servants.
92 Unless Your law had been my delight, I would then have perished in my affliction.
93 I will never forget Your precepts, For by them You have given me life.
94 I am Yours, save me; For I have sought Your precepts.
95 The wicked wait for me to destroy me, But I will 1consider Your testimonies.
96 aI have seen the consummation of all perfection, But Your commandment is exceedingly broad.




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