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The Prophets Before the Exile

(Category 8 of 16)

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CHAPTER 6 References

1 aIs. 1:18
bDeut. 32:39
cJer. 30:17
2 aL[1 Cor.
15:4] 3 aIs. 54:13
b2 Sam. 23:4

A Call to Repentance


1 Come,a and let us return to the LORD; For bHe has torn, but cHe will heal us; He has stricken, but He will 1bind us up.
2 aAfter two days He will revive us; On the third day He will raise us up, That we may live in His sight.
3 aLet us know, Let us pursue the knowledge of the LORD. His going forth is established bas the morning;

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cHe will come to us dlike the rain, Like the latter and former rain to the earth.

Impenitence of Israel and Judah

4 “O Ephraim, what shall I do to you? O Judah, what shall I do to you? For your faithfulness is like a morning cloud, And like the early dew it goes away.
5 Therefore I have hewn them by the prophets, I have slain them by athe words of My mouth; And 1your judgments are like light that goes forth.
6 For I desire amercy1 and bnot sacrifice, And the cknowledge of God more than burnt offerings.

7 “But like 1men they transgressed the covenant; There they dealt treacherously with Me.
8 aGilead is a city of evildoers And 1defiled with blood.
9 As bands of robbers lie in wait for a man, So the company of apriests bmurder on the way to Shechem; Surely they commit clewdness.
10 I have seen a horrible thing in the house of Israel: There is the 1harlotry of Ephraim; Israel is defiled.
11 Also, O Judah, a harvest is appointed for you, When I return the captives of My people.


1 “When I would have healed Israel, Then the iniquity of Ephraim was uncovered, And the wickedness of Samaria. For athey have committed fraud; A thief comes in; A band of robbers 1takes spoil outside.
2 They 1do not consider in their hearts That aI remember all their wickedness; Now their own deeds have surrounded them; They are before My face.
3 They make a aking glad with their wickedness, And princes bwith their lies.

4 “Theya are all adulterers. Like an oven heated by a baker—

3 cPs. 72:6
dJob 29:23
5 a[Jer. 23:29] 1Or the judgments
on you
6 aMatt. 9:13;
12:7 b[Mic.
6:6–8] c[John
17:3] 1Or
or loyalty
7 1Or Adam
8 aHos. 12:11
1Lit. foottracked
9 aHos. 5:1
bJer. 7:9, 10
cEzek. 22:9;
10 1Spiritual

CHAPTER 7 References

1 aHos. 5:1
2 aJer. 14:10;
17:1 1Lit. do
not say to
3 aHos. 1:1
b[Rom. 1:32] 4 aJer. 9:2;
5 aIs. 28:1, 7
1Lit. with the
heat of
6 1So with
MT,Vg.; Syr.,
Tg. Their
anger; LXX
7 aIs. 64:7
8 aPs. 106:35
9 aHos. 8:7
10 aHos. 5:5
bIs. 9:13
11 aHos. 11:11
bIs. 30:3 cHos.
5:13; 8:9 1Lit.
12 aEzek.
12:13 bLev.
13 aMic. 6:4
14 aJob 35:9,
10 bAmos 2:8
1So with MT,
Tg.; Vg.
thought upon;
LXX slashed
for (cf. 1 Kin.
18:28) 2So
with MT, Syr.,
Tg.; LXX
omits They
rebel against
Me; Vg. They
departed from
16 aPs. 78:57
1Or upward

He ceases stirring the fire after kneading the dough, Until it is leavened.
5 In the day of our king Princes have made him sick, 1inflamed with awine; He stretched out his hand with scoffers.
6 They prepare their heart like an oven, While they lie in wait; 1Their baker sleeps all night; In the morning it burns like a flaming fire.
7 They are all hot, like an oven, And have devoured their judges; All their kings have fallen. aNone among them calls upon Me.

8 “Ephraim ahas mixed himself among the peoples; Ephraim is a cake unturned.
9 aAliens have devoured his strength, But he does not know it; Yes, gray hairs are here and there on him, Yet he does not know it.
10 And the apride of Israel testifies to his face, But bthey do not return to the LORD their God, Nor seek Him for all this.

Futile Reliance on the Nations

11 “Ephraima also is like a silly dove, without 1sense— bThey call to Egypt, They go to cAssyria.
12 Wherever they go, I will aspread My net on them; I will bring them down like birds of the air; I will chastise them bAccording to what their congregation has heard.

13 “Woe to them, for they have fled from Me! Destruction to them, Because they have transgressed against Me! Though aI redeemed them, Yet they have spoken lies against Me.
14 aThey did not cry out to Me with their heart When they wailed upon their beds.

“They 1assemble together for grain and new bwine, 2They rebel against Me;
15 Though I disciplined and strengthened their arms, Yet they devise evil against Me;
16 They return, but not 1to the Most High; aThey are like a treacherous bow.

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Their princes shall fall by the sword For the bcursings of their tongue. This shall be their derision cin the land of Egypt.

The Apostasy of Israel


1 “Set the 1trumpet to your mouth! He shall come alike an eagle against the house of the LORD, Because they have transgressed My covenant And rebelled against My law.
2 aIsrael will cry to Me, ‘My God, bwe know You!’
3 Israel has rejected the good; The enemy will pursue him.

4 “Theya set up kings, but not by Me; They made princes, but I did not acknowledge them. From their silver and gold They made idols for themselves— That they might be cut off.
5 Your 1calf 2is rejected, O Samaria! My anger is aroused against them— aHow long until they attain to innocence?
6 For from Israel is even this: A aworkman made it, and it is not God; But the calf of Samaria shall be broken to pieces.

7 “Theya sow the wind, And reap the whirlwind. The stalk has no bud; It shall never produce meal. If it should produce, bAliens would swallow it up.
8 aIsrael is swallowed up; Now they are among the Gentiles bLike a vessel in which is no pleasure.
9 For they have gone up to Assyria, Like aa wild donkey alone by itself; Ephraim bhas hired lovers.
10 Yes, though they have hired among the nations, Now aI will gather them; And they shall 1sorrow a little, Because of the 2burden of bthe king of princes.

11 “Because Ephraim has made many altars for sin, They have become for him altars for sinning.
12 I have written for him athe great things of My law, But they were considered a strange thing.
13 For the sacrifices of My

16 bPs. 73:9
cHos. 8:13; 9:3

CHAPTER 8 References

1 aDeut. 28:49
1ram’s horn,
Heb. shophar
2 aPs. 78:34
bTitus 1:16
4 a2 Kin.
15:23, 25
5 aJer. 13:27
1Golden calf
image 2Or has
rejected you
6 aIs. 40:19
7 aProv. 22:8
bHos. 7:9
8 a2 Kin. 17:6
bJer. 22:28;
9 aJer. 2:24
bEzek. 16:33,
10 aEzek.
16:37; 22:20
bIs. 10:8 1Or
begin to
diminish 2Or
oracle or
12 a[Deut. 4:6–
8] 13 aZech. 7:6
bJer. 14:10
cAmos 8:7
14 aDeut.
32:18 bIs.
29:23 cNum.
32:17 dJer.
17:27 1Or
palaces 2Or

CHAPTER 9 References

1 aIs. 22:12, 13
bJer. 44:17
3 a[Lev. 25:23] bHos. 7:16;
8:13 cEzek.
4 aJer. 6:20
bHos. 8:13
6 aIs. 5:6; 7:23
7 aIs. 10:3
bLam. 2:14
cMic. 2:11


offerings athey sacrifice flesh and eat it, bBut the LORD does not accept them. cNow He will remember their iniquity and punish their sins. They shall return to Egypt.

14 “Fora Israel has forgotten bhis Maker, And has built 1temples; Judah also has multiplied cfortified cities; But dI will send fire upon his cities, And it shall devour his 2palaces.”

Judgment of Israel’s Sin


1 Doa not rejoice, O Israel, with joy like other peoples, For you have played the harlot against your God. You have made love for bhire on every threshing floor.
2 The threshing floor and the winepress Shall not feed them, And the new wine shall fail in her.

3 They shall not dwell in athe LORD’s land, bBut Ephraim shall return to Egypt, And cshall eat unclean things in Assyria.
4 They shall not offer wine offerings to the LORD, Nor ashall their bsacrifices be pleasing to Him. It shall be like bread of mourners to them; All who eat it shall be defiled. For their bread shall be for their own life; It shall not come into the house of the LORD.

5 What will you do in the appointed day, And in the day of the feast of the LORD?
6 For indeed they are gone because of destruction. Egypt shall gather them up; Memphis shall bury them. aNettles shall possess their valuables of silver; Thorns shall be in their tents.

7 The adays of punishment have come; The days of recompense have come. Israel knows! The prophet is a bfool, cThe spiritual man is insane, Because of the greatness of your iniquity and great enmity.

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8 The awatchman of Ephraim is with my God; But the prophet is a 1fowler’s snare in all his ways— Enmity in the house of his God.
9 aThey are deeply corrupted, As in the days of bGibeah. He will remember their iniquity; He will punish their sins.

10 “I found Israel Like grapes in the awilderness; I saw your fathers As the bfirstfruits on the fig tree in its first season. But they went to cBaal Peor, And 1separated themselves to that shame; dThey became an abomination like the thing they loved.
11 As for Ephraim, their glory shall fly away like a bird— No birth, no pregnancy, and no conception!
12 Though they bring up their children, Yet I will bereave them to the last man. Yes, awoe to them when I depart from them!
13 Just aas I saw Ephraim like Tyre, planted in a pleasant place, So Ephraim will bring out his children to the murderer.”

14 Give them, O LORD— What will You give? Give them aa miscarrying womb And dry breasts!
15 “All their wickedness is in aGilgal, For there I hated them. Because of the evil of their deeds I will drive them from My house; I will love them no more. bAll their princes are rebellious.
16 Ephraim is astricken, Their root is dried up; They shall bear no fruit. Yes, were they to bear children, I would kill the darlings of their womb.”

17 My God will acast them away, Because they did not obey Him; And they shall be bwanderers among the nations.

Israel’s Sin and Captivity


1 Israel aempties his vine; He brings forth fruit for himself. According to the multitude of his fruit bHe has increased the altars; According to the bounty of his land

8 aJer. 6:17;
31:6; Ezek.
3:17; 33:7
1One who
catches birds
in a trap or
9 aHos. 10:9
bJudg. 19:22
10 aJer. 2:2 bIs.
28:4; Mic. 7:1
cNum. 25:3;
Ps. 106:28 cPs.
81:12 1Or dedicated
12 aDeut.
31:17; Hos.
13 aEzek.
14 aLuke 23:29
15 aHos. 4:15;
12:11 bIs. 1:23;
Hos. 5:2
16 aHos. 5:11
17 a2 Kin.
17:20; [Zech.
10:6] bLev.

CHAPTER 10 References

1 aNah. 2:2
bJer. 2:28;
Hos. 8:11;
2 a1 Kin.
18:21; Zeph.
1:5; [Matt.
6:24] 1Divided
in loyalty
4 aDeut. 31:16,
2 Kin. 17:3, 4;
Amos 5:7
5 a1 Kin.
12:28, 29; Hos.
8:5, 6; 13:2
bHos. 9:11
1Lit. calves,
images 2idolatrous
6 aHos. 5:13
8 aHos. 4:15
bDeut. 9:21;
1 Kin. 13:34
cIs. 2:19; Luke
23:30; Rev.
6:16 1Lit. Idolatry
9 aHos. 9:9
bJudg. 20 1So
with many
Heb. mss.,
unruliness 2Or
10 aJer. 16:16
1Or in their
two habitations
11 a[Jer. 50:11;
Hos. 4:16;
Mic. 4:13] 1Lit. to ride
12 aJer. 4:3
bHos. 6:3

They have embellished his sacred pillars.
2 Their heart is adivided;1 Now they are held guilty. He will break down their altars; He will ruin their sacred pillars.

3 For now they say, “We have no king, Because we did not fear the LORD. And as for a king, what would he do for us?”
4 They have spoken words, Swearing falsely in making a covenant. Thus judgment springs up alike hemlock in the furrows of the field.

5 The inhabitants of Samaria fear Because of the acalf1 of Beth Aven. For its people mourn for it, And 2its priests shriek for it— Because its bglory has departed from it.
6 The idol also shall be carried to Assyria As a present for King aJareb. Ephraim shall receive shame, And Israel shall be ashamed of his own counsel.

7 As for Samaria, her king is cut off Like a twig on the water.
8 Also the ahigh places of 1Aven, bthe sin of Israel, Shall be destroyed. The thorn and thistle shall grow on their altars; cThey shall say to the mountains, “Cover us!” And to the hills, “Fall on us!”

9 “O Israel, you have sinned from the days of aGibeah; There they stood. The bbattle in Gibeah against the children of 1iniquity Did not 2overtake them.
10 When it is My desire, I will chasten them. aPeoples shall be gathered against them When I bind them 1for their two transgressions.
11 Ephraim is aa trained heifer That loves to thresh grain; But I harnessed her fair neck, I will make Ephraim 1pull a plow. Judah shall plow; Jacob shall break his clods.”

12 Sow for yourselves righteousness; Reap in mercy; aBreak up your fallow ground, For it is time to seek the LORD, Till He bcomes and rains righteousness on you.

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13 aYou have plowed wickedness; You have reaped iniquity. You have eaten the fruit of lies, Because you trusted in your own way, In the multitude of your mighty men.
14 Therefore tumult shall arise among your people, And all your fortresses shall be plundered As Shalman plundered Beth Arbel in the day of battle— A mother dashed in pieces upon her children.
15 Thus it shall be done to you, O Bethel, Because of your great wickedness. At dawn the king of Israel Shall be cut off utterly.

13 a[Job 4:8;
Prov. 22:8;
Gal. 6:7, 8]

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Prayer for Relief from Contempt

A Song of Ascents.

1 UNTO You aI lift up my eyes, O You bwho dwell in the heavens.
2 Behold, as the eyes of servants look to the hand of their masters, As the eyes of a maid to the hand of her mistress, aSo our eyes look to the LORD our God, Until He has mercy on us.

PSALM 123 References

1 aPs. 121:1;
141:8 bPs. 2:4;
11:4; 115:3
2 aPs. 25:15

3 Have mercy on us, O LORD, have mercy on us! For we are exceedingly filled with contempt.
4 Our soul is exceedingly filled With the scorn of those who are at ease, With the contempt of the proud.




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