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The Story So Far

(Category 13 of 16)

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Ahaz Reigns in Judah


1 Ahaz awas twenty years old when he became king, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem; and he did not do what was right in the sight of the LORD, as his father David had done.
2 For he walked in the ways of the kings of Israel, and made amolded images for bthe Baals.
3 He burned incense in athe Valley of the Son of Hinnom, and burned bhis children in the cfire, according to the abominations of the nations whom the LORD had dcast out before the children of Israel.

CHAPTER 28 References

1 a2 Kin.
2 aEx. 34:17;
Lev. 19:4
bJudg. 2:11
3 aJosh. 15:8
b2 Kin. 23:10
c[Lev. 18:21];
2 Kin. 16:3;
2 Chr. 33:6
18:24–30] 4 1Places for
pagan worship
5 a[Is. 10:5] b2 Kin. 16:5, 6;
[2 Chr. 24:24];
Is. 7:1, 17
6 a2 Kin. 15:27
b[2 Chr. 29:8] 8 aDeut. 28:25,
41; 2 Chr. 11:4
9 a2 Chr. 25:15
bPs. 69:26; [Is.
10:5; 47:6];
Ezek. 25:12,
15; 26:2;
Obad. 10;
[Zech. 1:15] cEzra 9:6; Rev.
10 a[Lev. 25:39,
42, 43, 46] 11 aPs. 78:49;
James 2:13
14 1plunder
15 a2 Chr.
28:12 b[Prov.
25:21, 22;
Luke 6:27;
Rom. 12:20] 1plunder

4 And he sacrificed and burned incense on the 1high places, on the hills, and under every green tree.

Syria and Israel Defeat Judah

5 Therefore athe LORD his God delivered him into the hand of the king of Syria. They bdefeated him, and carried away a great multitude of them as captives, and brought them to Damascus. Then he was also delivered into the hand of the king of Israel, who defeated him with a great slaughter.
6 For aPekah the son of Remaliah killed one hundred and twenty thousand in Judah in one day, all valiant men, bbecause they had forsaken the LORD God of their fathers.
7 Zichri, a mighty man of Ephraim, killed Maaseiah the king’s son, Azrikam the officer over the house, and Elkanah who was second to the king.
8 And the children of Israel carried away captive of their abrethren two hundred thousand women, sons, and daughters; and they also took away much 1spoil from them, and brought the spoil to Samaria.

Israel Returns the Captives

9 But a aprophet of the LORD was there, whose name was Oded; and he went out before the army that came to Samaria, and said to them: “Look, bbecause the LORD God of your fathers was angry with Judah, He has delivered them into your hand; but you have killed them in a rage that creaches up to heaven.
10 “And now you propose to force the children of Judah and Jerusalem to be your amale and female slaves; but are you not also guilty before the LORD your God?
11 “Now hear me, therefore, and return the captives, whom you have taken captive from your brethren, afor the fierce wrath of the LORD is upon you.”
12 Then some of the heads of the children of Ephraim, Azariah the son of Johanan, Berechiah the son of Meshillemoth, Jehizkiah the son of Shallum, and Amasa the son of Hadlai, stood up against those who came from the war,
13 and said to them, “You shall not bring the captives here, for we already have offended the LORD. You intend to add to our sins and to our guilt; for our guilt is great, and there is fierce wrath against Israel.”
14 So the armed men left the captives and the 1spoil before the leaders and all the assembly.
15 Then the men awho were designated by name rose up and took the captives, and from the 1spoil they clothed all who were naked among them, dressed them and gave them sandals, bgave them food and drink,

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and anointed them; and they let all the feeble ones ride on donkeys. So they brought them to their brethren at Jericho, cthe city of palm trees. Then they returned to Samaria.

Assyria Refuses to Help Judah

16 aAt the same time King Ahaz sent to the 1kings of Assyria to help him.
17 For again the aEdomites had come, attacked Judah, and carried away captives.
18 aThe Philistines also had invaded the cities of the lowland and of the South of Judah, and had taken Beth Shemesh, Aijalon, Gederoth, Sochoh with its villages, Timnah with its villages, and Gimzo with its villages; and they dwelt there.
19 For the LORD 1brought Judah low because of Ahaz king of aIsrael, for he had bencouraged moral decline in Judah and had been continually unfaithful to the LORD.
20 Also aTiglath-Pileser1 king of Assyria came to him and distressed him, and did not assist him.
21 For Ahaz took part of the treasures from the house of the LORD, from the house of the king, and from the leaders, and he gave it to the king of Assyria; but he did not help him.

Apostasy and Death of Ahaz

22 Now in the time of his distress King Ahaz became increasingly unfaithful to the LORD. This is that King Ahaz.
23 For ahe sacrificed to the gods of Damascus which had defeated him, saying, “Because the gods of the kings of Syria help them, I will sacrifice to them bthat they may help me.” But they were the ruin of him and of all Israel.
24 So Ahaz gathered the articles of the house of God, cut in pieces the articles of the house of God, ashut up the doors of the house of the LORD, and made for himself altars in every corner of Jerusalem.
25 And in every single city of Judah he made 1high places to burn incense to other gods, and provoked to anger the LORD God of his fathers.
26 aNow the rest of his acts and all his ways, from first to last, indeed they are written in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel.
27 So Ahaz 1rested with his fathers, and they buried him in the city, in Jerusalem; but they adid not bring him into the tombs of the kings of Israel. Then Hezekiah his son reigned in his place.

Hezekiah Reigns in Judah


1 Hezekiah abecame king when he was twenty-five years old, and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was

15 cDeut. 34:3;
Judg. 1:16
16 a2 Kin. 16:7
1LXX, Syr.,
Vg. king (cf. v.
17 a2 Chr.
21:10; Obad.
18 a2 Chr.
21:16, 17;
Ezek. 16:27,
19 a2 Kin. 16:2;
2 Chr. 21:2
bEx. 32:25
20 a2 Kin.
15:29; 16:7–9;
1 Chr. 5:26
1Heb. Tilgath-
23 a2 Chr.
25:14 bJer.
44:17, 18
24 a2 Chr.
29:3, 7
25 1Places for
pagan worship
26 a2 Kin.
16:19, 20
27 a2 Chr.
21:20; 24:25
1Died and
joined his

CHAPTER 29 References

1 a2 Kin. 18:1;
2 Chr. 32:22,
33 b2 Chr.
26:5 1Abi,
2 Kin. 18:2
3 a2 Chr.
28:24; 29:7
5 a1 Chr.
15:12; 2 Chr.
29:15, 34; 35:6
6 a[Is. 1:4]; Jer.
2:27; Ezek.
8:16 1Temple
7 a2 Chr. 28:24
8 a2 Chr. 24:18
b2 Chr. 28:5
c1 Kin. 9:8;
Jer. 18:16;
19:8; 25:9, 18;
29:18 dDeut.
9 aDeut. 28:25;
2 Chr. 28:5–8,
10 a2 Chr.
15:12; 23:16
11 aNum. 3:6;
8:14; 18:2, 6;
2 Chr. 30:16,
12 a2 Chr.
31:13 bNum.
3:19, 20
15 a2 Chr. 29:5
b1 Chr. 23:28


1Abijah the daughter of Zechariah.
2 And he did what was right in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his father David had done. Hezekiah Cleanses the Temple
3 In the first year of his reign, in the first month, he aopened the doors of the house of the LORD and repaired them.
4 Then he brought in the priests and the Levites, and gathered them in the East Square,
5 and said to them: “Hear me, Levites! Now 1sanctify yourselves, asanctify the house of the LORD God of your fathers, and carry out the rubbish from the holy place.
6 “For our fathers have trespassed and done evil in the eyes of the LORD our God; they have forsaken Him, have aturned their faces away from the 1dwelling place of the LORD, and turned their backs on Him.
7 a“They have also shut up the doors of the vestibule , put out the lamps, and have not burned incense or offered burnt offerings in the holy place to the God of Israel.
8 “Therefore the awrath of the LORD fell upon Judah and Jerusalem, and He has bgiven them up to trouble, to desolation, and to cjeering, as you see with your deyes.
9 “For indeed, because of this aour fathers have fallen by the sword; and our sons, our daughters, and our wives are in captivity.
10 “Now it is in my heart to make aa covenant with the LORD God of Israel, that His fierce wrath may turn away from us.
11 “My sons, do not be negligent now, for the LORD has achosen you to stand before Him, to serve Him, and that you should minister to Him and burn incense.”
12 Then these Levites arose: aMahath the son of Amasai and Joel the son of Azariah, of the sons of the bKohathites; of the sons of Merari, Kish the son of Abdi and Azariah the son of Jehallelel; of the Gershonites, Joah the son of Zimmah and Eden the son of Joah;
13 of the sons of Elizaphan, Shimri and Jeiel; of the sons of Asaph, Zechariah and Mattaniah;
14 of the sons of Heman, Jehiel and Shimei; and of the sons of Jeduthun, Shemaiah and Uzziel.
15 And they gathered their brethren, asanctified1 themselves, and went according to the commandment of the king, at the words of the LORD, bto cleanse the house of the LORD.
16 Then the priests went into the inner part of the house of the LORD to cleanse it, and brought out all the debris that they found in the temple of the LORD to the court of the house of the LORD. And the Levites took

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it out and carried it to the Brook aKidron.
17 Now they began to 1sanctify on the first day of the first month, and on the eighth day of the month they came to the vestibule of the LORD. So they sanctified the house of the LORD in eight days, and on the sixteenth day of the first month they finished.
18 Then they went in to King Hezekiah and said, “We have cleansed all the house of the LORD, the altar of burnt offerings with all its articles, and the table of the showbread with all its articles.
19 “Moreover all the articles which King Ahaz in his reign had acast aside in his transgression we have prepared and 1sanctified; and there they are, before the altar of the LORD.”

Hezekiah Restores Temple Worship

20 Then King Hezekiah rose early, gathered the rulers of the city, and went up to the house of the LORD.
21 And they brought seven bulls, seven rams, seven lambs, and seven male goats for a asin offering for the kingdom, for the sanctuary, and for Judah. Then he commanded the priests, the sons of Aaron, to offer them on the altar of the LORD.
22 So they killed the bulls, and the priests received the blood and asprinkled it on the altar. Likewise they killed the rams and sprinkled the blood on the altar. They also killed the lambs and sprinkled the blood on the altar.
23 Then they brought out the male goats for the sin offering before the king and the assembly, and they laid their ahands on them.
24 And the priests killed them; and they presented their blood on the altar as a sin offering ato make an atonement for all Israel, for the king commanded that the burnt offering and the sin offering be made for all Israel.
25 aAnd he stationed the Levites in the house of the LORD with cymbals, with stringed instruments, and with harps, baccording to the commandment of David, of cGad the king’s seer, and of Nathan the prophet; dfor thus was the commandment of the LORD by His prophets.
26 The Levites stood with the instruments aof David, and the priests with bthe trumpets.
27 Then Hezekiah commanded them to offer the burnt offering on the altar. And when the burnt offering began, athe song of the LORD also began, with the trumpets and with the instruments of David king of Israel.
28 So all the assembly worshiped, the singers sang, and the trumpeters

16 a2 Chr.
15:16; 30:14
17 1consecrate
19 a2 Chr.
28:24 1consecrated
21 aLev. 4:3–14
22 aLev. 8:14,
15, 19, 24;
Heb. 9:21
23 aLev. 4:15,
24; 8:14
24 aLev. 14:20
25 a1 Chr. 16:4;
25:6 b1 Chr.
23:5; 25:1;
2 Chr. 8:14
c2 Sam. 24:11
d2 Chr. 30:12
26 a1 Chr. 23:5;
Amos 6:5
bNum. 10:8,
10; 1 Chr.
15:24; 16:6;
2 Chr. 5:12
27 a2 Chr.
29 a2 Chr.
31 aLev. 7:12
bEx. 35:5, 22
34 a2 Chr.
35:11 b2 Chr.
30:3 cPs. 7:10
d2 Chr. 29:5
35 aLev. 3:15,
16 bNum.

CHAPTER 30 References

2 aNum. 9:10,
11; 2 Chr.
30:13, 15
3 aEx. 12:6, 18
b2 Chr. 29:17,
34 1The first
month, Lev.
23:5; lit. that
5 1established

sounded; all this continued until the burnt offering was finished.
29 And when they had finished offering, athe king and all who were present with him bowed and worshiped.
30 Moreover King Hezekiah and the leaders commanded the Levites to sing praise to the LORD with the words of David and of Asaph the seer. So they sang praises with gladness, and they bowed their heads and worshiped.
31 Then Hezekiah answered and said, “Now that you have consecrated yourselves to the LORD, come near, and bring sacrifices and athank offerings into the house of the LORD.” So the assembly brought in sacrifices and thank offerings, and as many as were of a bwilling heart brought burnt offerings.
32 And the number of the burnt offerings which the assembly brought was seventy bulls, one hundred rams, and two hundred lambs; all these were for a burnt offering to the LORD.
33 The consecrated things were six hundred bulls and three thousand sheep.
34 But the priests were too few, so that they could not skin all the burnt offerings; therefore atheir brethren the Levites helped them until the work was ended and until the other priests had 1sanctified themselves, bfor the Levites were cmore diligent in dsanctifying themselves than the priests.
35 Also the burnt offerings were in abundance, with athe fat of the peace offerings and with bthe drink offerings for every burnt offering. So the service of the house of the LORD was set in order.
36 Then Hezekiah and all the people rejoiced that God had prepared the people, since the events took place so suddenly.

Hezekiah Keeps the Passover


1 And Hezekiah sent to all Israel and Judah, and also wrote letters to Ephraim and Manasseh, that they should come to the house of the LORD at Jerusalem, to keep the Passover to the LORD God of Israel.
2 For the king and his leaders and all the assembly in Jerusalem had agreed to keep the Passover in the second amonth.
3 For they could not keep it aat 1the regular time, bbecause a sufficient number of priests had not consecrated themselves, nor had the people gathered together at Jerusalem.
4 And the matter pleased the king and all the assembly.
5 So they 1resolved to make a proclamation throughout all Israel, from

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Beersheba to Dan, that they should come to keep the Passover to the LORD God of Israel at Jerusalem, since they had not done it for a long time in the prescribed manner.
6 Then the arunners went throughout all Israel and Judah with the letters from the king and his leaders, and spoke according to the command of the king: “Children of Israel, breturn to the LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel; then He will return to the remnant of you who have escaped from the hand of cthe kings of dAssyria.
7 “And do not be alike your fathers and your brethren, who trespassed against the LORD God of their fathers, so that He bgave them up to cdesolation, as you see.
8 “Now do not be astiff-necked,1 as your fathers were, but yield yourselves to the LORD; and enter His sanctuary, which He has sanctified forever, and serve the LORD your God, bthat the fierceness of His wrath may turn away from you.
9 “For if you return to the LORD, your brethren and your children will be treated with acompassion by those who lead them captive, so that they may come back to this land; for the LORD your God is bgracious and merciful, and will not turn His face from you if you creturn to Him.”
10 So the runners passed from city to city through the country of Ephraim and Manasseh, as far as Zebulun; but athey laughed at them and mocked them.
11 Nevertheless asome from Asher, Manasseh, and Zebulun humbled themselves and came to Jerusalem.
12 Also athe hand of God was on Judah to give them singleness of heart to obey the command of the king and the leaders, bat the word of the LORD.
13 Now many people, a very great assembly, gathered at Jerusalem to keep the Feast of aUnleavened Bread in the second month.
14 They arose and took away the aaltars that were in Jerusalem, and they took away all the incense altars and cast them into the Brook bKidron.
15 Then they slaughtered the Passover lambs on the fourteenth day of the second month. The priests and the Levites 1were aashamed, and 2sanctified themselves, and brought the burnt offerings to the house of the LORD.
16 They stood in their aplace 1according to their custom, according to the Law of Moses the man of God; the priests sprinkled the blood received from the hand of the Levites.
17 For there were many in the assembly who had not 1sanctified themselves; atherefore the Levites

6 aEsth. 8:14;
Job 9:25; Jer.
51:31 b[Jer.
4:1; Joel 2:13] c2 Kin. 15:19,
29 d2 Chr.
7 aEzek. 20:18
bIs. 1:9 c2 Chr.
8 aEx. 32:9;
Deut. 10:16;
Acts 7:51
b2 Chr. 29:10
9 aPs. 106:46
b[Ex. 34:6;
Mic. 7:18] c[Is.
55:7] 10 a2 Chr.
11 a2 Chr.
11:16; 30:18,
12 a[2 Cor. 3:5;
Phil. 2:13;
Heb. 13:20,
21] b2 Chr.
13 aLev. 23:6;
Num. 9:11
14 a2 Chr.
28:24 b2 Chr.
15 a2 Chr.
29:34 1humbled
16 a2 Chr.
35:10, 15
1Or in their
proper order
17 a2 Chr.
29:34 1consecrated
18 a2 Chr. 30:1,
11, 25 bEx.
[Num. 9:10] 19 a2 Chr. 19:3
21 aEx. 12:15;
13:6; 1 Kin.
22 a[Deut.
33:10]; 2 Chr.
17:9; 35:3
bEzra 10:11
23 a1 Kin. 8:65;
2 Chr. 35:17,
24 a2 Chr. 35:7,
8 b2 Chr.
29:34 1consecrated
25 a2 Chr.
30:11, 18
26 a2 Chr.
27 aNum. 6:23
bDeut. 26:15;
Ps. 68:5

CHAPTER 31 References

1 a2 Kin. 18:4
1Places for
pagan worship


had charge of the slaughter of the Passover lambs for everyone who was not clean, to sanctify them to the LORD.
18 For a multitude of the people, amany from Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, byet they ate the Passover contrary to what was written. But Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, “May the good LORD provide atonement for everyone
19 “who aprepares his heart to seek God, the LORD God of his fathers, though he is not cleansed according to the purification of the sanctuary.”
20 And the LORD listened to Hezekiah and healed the people.
21 So the children of Israel who were present at Jerusalem kept athe Feast of Unleavened Bread seven days with great gladness; and the Levites and the priests praised the LORD day by day, singing to the LORD, accompanied by loud instruments.
22 And Hezekiah gave encouragement to all the Levites awho taught the good knowledge of the LORD; and they ate throughout the feast seven days, offering peace offerings and bmaking confession to the LORD God of their fathers.
23 Then the whole assembly agreed to keep the feast aanother seven days, and they kept it another seven days with gladness.
24 For Hezekiah king of Judah agave to the assembly a thousand bulls and seven thousand sheep, and the leaders gave to the assembly a thousand bulls and ten thousand sheep; and a great number of priests bsanctified1 themselves.
25 The whole assembly of Judah rejoiced, also the priests and Levites, all the assembly that came from Israel, the sojourners awho came from the land of Israel, and those who dwelt in Judah.
26 So there was great joy in Jerusalem, for since the time of aSolomon the son of David, king of Israel, there had been nothing like this in Jerusalem.
27 Then the priests, the Levites, arose and ablessed the people, and their voice was heard; and their prayer came up to bHis holy dwelling place, to heaven.

The Reforms of Hezekiah


1 Now when all this was finished, all Israel who were present went out to the cities of Judah and abroke the sacred pillars in pieces, cut down the wooden images, and threw down the 1high places and the altars—from all Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim, and Manasseh— until they had utterly destroyed them all. Then all the children of Israel

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returned to their own cities, every man to his possession.
2 And Hezekiah appointed athe divisions of the priests and the Levites according to their divisions, each man according to his service, the priests and Levites bfor burnt offerings and peace offerings, to serve, to give thanks, and to praise in the gates of the 1camp of the LORD.
3 The king also appointed a 1portion of his apossessions2 for the burnt offerings: for the morning and evening burnt offerings, the burnt offerings for the Sabbaths and the New Moons and the set feasts, as it is written in the bLaw of the LORD.
4 Moreover he commanded the people who dwelt in Jerusalem to contribute asupport1 for the priests and the Levites, that they might devote themselves to bthe Law of the LORD.
5 As soon as the commandment was circulated, the children of Israel brought in abundance athe firstfruits of grain and wine, oil and honey, and of all the produce of the field; and they brought in abundantly the btithe of everything.
6 And the children of Israel and Judah, who dwelt in the cities of Judah, brought the tithe of oxen and sheep; also the atithe of holy things which were consecrated to the LORD their God they laid in heaps.
7 In the third month they began laying them in heaps, and they finished in the seventh month.
8 And when Hezekiah and the leaders came and saw the heaps, they blessed the LORD and His people Israel.
9 Then Hezekiah questioned the priests and the Levites concerning the heaps.
10 And Azariah the chief priest, from the ahouse of Zadok, answered him and said, b“Since the people began to bring the offerings into the house of the LORD, we have had enough to eat and have plenty left, for the LORD has blessed His people; and what is left is this great cabundance.”
11 Now Hezekiah commanded them to prepare arooms1 in the house of the LORD, and they prepared them.
12 Then they faithfully brought in the offerings, the tithes, and the dedicated things; aCononiah the Levite had charge of them, and Shimei his brother was the next.
13 Jehiel, Azaziah, Nahath, Asahel, Jerimoth, Jozabad, Eliel, Ismachiah, Mahath, and Benaiah were overseers under the hand of Cononiah and Shimei his brother, at the commandment of Hezekiah the king and Azariah the aruler of the house of God.
14 Kore the son of Imnah the Levite, the keeper of the East Gate, was over

2 a1 Chr. 23:6;
24:1 b1 Chr.
23:30, 31
3 a2 Chr. 35:7
4 aNum. 18:8;
2 Kin. 12:16;
Neh. 13:10;
Ezek. 44:29
bMal. 2:7 1the
portion due
5 aEx. 22:29;
Neh. 13:12
b[Lev. 27:30];
Deut. 14:28;
26:12, 13
6 a[Lev. 27:30];
Deut. 14:28
10 a1 Chr. 6:8,
9 b[Mal. 3:10] cEx. 36:5
11 a1 Kin.
6:5–8 1storerooms
12 a2 Chr. 35:9;
Neh. 13:13
13 a1 Chr. 9:11;
Jer. 20:1
14 aDeut.
23:23; 2 Chr.
15 a2 Chr.
29:12 bJosh.
21:1–3, 9
c1 Chr. 9:26
17 a1 Chr.
23:24, 27
18 1consecrated
19 aLev. 25:34;
Num. 35:1–4
b2 Chr.
20 a2 Kin. 20:3;
21 a2 Chr. 26:5;
32:30; Ps. 1:3

the afreewill offerings to God, to distribute the offerings of the LORD and the most holy things.
15 And under him were aEden, Miniamin, Jeshua, Shemaiah, Amariah, and Shecaniah, his faithful assistants in bthe cities of the priests, to distribute callotments to their brethren by divisions, to the great as well as the small.
16 Besides those males from three years old and up who were written in the genealogy, they distributed to everyone who entered the house of the LORD his daily portion for the work of his service, by his division,
17 and to the priests who were written in the genealogy according to their father’s house, and to the Levites afrom twenty years old and up according to their work, by their divisions,
18 and to all who were written in the genealogy—their little ones and their wives, their sons and daughters, the whole company of them— for in their faithfulness they 1sanctified themselves in holiness.
19 Also for the sons of Aaron the priests, who were in athe fields of the common-lands of their cities, in every single city, there were men who were bdesignated by name to distribute portions to all the males among the priests and to all who were listed by genealogies among the Levites.
20 Thus Hezekiah did throughout all Judah, and he adid what was good and right and true before the LORD his God.
21 And in every work that he began in the service of the house of God, in the law and in the commandment, to seek his God, he did it with all his heart. So he aprospered.

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God’s Kindness to Rebellious Israel

A aContemplation1 of Asaph.

1 GIVE ear, O my people, to my law; Incline your ears to the words of my mouth.
2 I will open my mouth in a aparable; I will utter 1dark sayings of old,
3 Which we have heard and known, And our fathers have told us.
4 aWe will not hide them from their children, bTelling to the generation to come the praises of the LORD, And His strength and His wonderful works that He has done.

5 For aHe established a testimony in Jacob, And appointed a law in Israel, Which He commanded our fathers, That bthey should make them known to their children;
6 aThat the generation to come might know them, The children who would be born, That they may arise and children,
7 That they may set their hope in God, And not forget the works of God, But keep His commandments;
8 And amay not be like their fathers, bA stubborn and rebellious generation, A generation cthat did not 1set its heart aright, And whose spirit was not faithful to God.

9 The children of Ephraim, being armed and 1carrying bows, Turned back in the day of battle.

PSALM 78 References

title aPs. 74:
title 1Heb.
2 aMatt. 13:34,
35 1obscure
sayings or riddles
4 aEx. 12:26,
27; Deut. 4:9;
6:7; Job 15:18;
Is. 38:19; Joel
1:3 bEx. 13:8,
5 aPs. 147:19
bDeut. 4:9;
6 aPs. 102:18
8 a2 Kin.
17:14; 2 Chr.
30:7; Ezek.
20:18 bEx.
32:9; Deut.
9:7, 24; 31:27;
Judg. 2:19; Is.
30:9 cJob
11:13; Ps.
78:37 1Lit.
prepare its
9 1Lit. bow
10 a2 Kin.
11 aPs. 106:13
12 aEx. 7—12
bNum. 13:22;
Is. 19:11; 30:4;
Ezek. 30:14
13 aEx. 14:21
bEx. 15:8
14 aEx. 13:21
15 aEx. 17:6;
Num. 20:11;
Is. 48:21;
[1 Cor. 10:4] 16 aNum. 20:8,
10, 11
17 aDeut. 9:22;
Is. 63:10; Heb.
18 aEx. 16:2
19 aEx. 16:3;
Num. 11:4;
20:3; 21:5
20 aNum. 20:11
21 aNum. 11:1

10 aThey did not keep the covenant of God; They refused to walk in His law,
11 And aforgot His works And His wonders that He had shown them.

12 aMarvelous things He did in the sight of their fathers, In the land of Egypt, bin the field of Zoan.
13 aHe divided the sea and caused them to pass through; And bHe made the waters stand up like a heap.
14 aIn the daytime also He led them with the cloud, And all the night with a light of fire.
15 aHe split the rocks in the wilderness, And gave them drink in abundance like the depths.
16 He also brought astreams out of the rock, And caused waters to run down like rivers.

17 But they sinned even more against Him By arebelling against the Most High in the wilderness.
18 And athey tested God in their heart By asking for the food of their fancy.
19 aYes, they spoke against God: They said, “Can God prepare a table in the wilderness?
20 aBehold, He struck the rock, So that the waters gushed out, And the streams overflowed. Can He give bread also? Can He provide meat for His people?”

21 Therefore the LORD heard this and awas furious;

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PSALM 78:22
So a fire was kindled against Jacob, And anger also came up against Israel,
22 Because they adid not believe in God, And did not trust in His salvation.
23 Yet He had commanded the clouds above, aAnd opened the doors of heaven,
24 aHad rained down manna on them to eat, And given them of the 1bread of bheaven.
25 Men ate angels’ food; He sent them food to 1the full.

26 aHe caused an east wind to blow in the heavens; And by His power He brought in the south wind.
27 He also rained meat on them like the dust, Feathered fowl like the sand of the seas;
28 And He let them fall in the midst of their camp, All around their dwellings.
29 aSo they ate and were well filled, For He gave them their own desire.
30 They were not 1deprived of their craving; But awhile their food was still in their mouths,
31 The wrath of God came against them, And slew the stoutest of them, And struck down the choice men of Israel.

32 In spite of this athey still sinned, And bdid not believe in His wondrous works.
33 aTherefore their days He consumed in futility, And their years in fear.

34 aWhen He slew them, then they sought Him; And they returned and sought earnestly for God.
35 Then they remembered that aGod was their rock, And the Most High God btheir Redeemer.
36 Nevertheless they aflattered Him with their mouth, And they lied to Him with their tongue;
37 For their heart was not steadfast with Him, Nor were they faithful in His covenant.
38 aBut He, being full of bcompassion, forgave their iniquity,

PSALM 78 References

22 a[Heb. 3:18] 23 a[Mal. 3:10] 24 aEx. 16:4
bJohn 6:31
1Lit. grain
25 1satiation
26 aNum.
29 aNum.
11:19, 20
30 aNum.
11:33 1Lit.
32 aNum.
14:16, 17
bNum. 14:11
33 aNum.
14:29, 35
34 a[Hos. 5:15] 35 a[Deut.
32:4, 15] bIs. 41:14;
44:6; 63:9
36 aEzek.
38 a[Num. 14:
18–20] bEx.
34:6 c[Is. 48:9] d1 Kin. 21:29
39 aJob 10:9
bJohn 3:6
c[Job 7:7, 16] 40 aHeb. 3:16
against Him
41 aNum.
42 1Lit. hand
44 aEx. 7:20
45 aEx. 8:24
bEx. 8:6
46 aEx. 10:14
47 aEx.
48 aEx. 9:19
50 1Or their
51 aEx. 12:29,
52 aPs. 77:20
53 aEx. 14:19,
20 bEx. 14:27,
54 aEx. 15:17
bPs. 44:3
55 aPs. 44:2

PSALM 78:55

And did not destroy them. Yes, many a time cHe turned His anger away, And ddid not stir up all His wrath;
39 For aHe remembered bthat they were but flesh, cA breath that passes away and does not come again.

40 How often they aprovoked1 Him in the wilderness, And grieved Him in the desert!
41 Yes, aagain and again they tempted God, And limited the Holy One of Israel.
42 They did not remember His 1power: The day when He redeemed them from the enemy,
43 When He worked His signs in Egypt, And His wonders in the field of Zoan;
44 aTurned their rivers into blood, And their streams, that they could not drink.
45 aHe sent swarms of flies among them, which devoured them, And bfrogs, which destroyed them.
46 He also gave their crops to the caterpillar, And their labor to the alocust.
47 aHe destroyed their vines with hail, And their sycamore trees with frost.
48 He also gave up their acattle to the hail, And their flocks to fiery 1lightning.
49 He cast on them the fierceness of His anger, Wrath, indignation, and trouble, By sending angels of destruction among them.
50 He made a path for His anger; He did not spare their soul from death, But gave 1their life over to the plague,
51 And destroyed all the afirstborn in Egypt, The first of their strength in the tents of Ham.
52 But He amade His own people go forth like sheep, And guided them in the wilderness like a flock;
53 And He aled them on safely, so that they did not fear; But the sea boverwhelmed their enemies.
54 And He brought them to His aholy border, This mountain bwhich His right hand had acquired.
55 aHe also drove out the nations before them,

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PSALM 78:56

bAllotted them an inheritance by 1survey, And made the tribes of Israel dwell in their tents.

56 aYet they tested and provoked the Most High God, And did not keep His testimonies,
57 But aturned back and acted unfaithfully like their fathers; They were turned aside blike a deceitful bow.
58 aFor they provoked Him to anger with their bhigh places, And moved Him to jealousy with their carved images.
59 When God heard this, He was furious, And greatly abhorred Israel,
60 aSo that He forsook the tabernacle of Shiloh, The tent He had placed among men,
61 aAnd delivered His strength into captivity, And His glory into the enemy’s hand.
62 aHe also gave His people over to the sword, And was furious with His inheritance.
63 The fire consumed their young men, And atheir maidens were not given in marriage.

PSALM 78 References

55 bJosh. 13:7;
19:51; 23:4
lit. measuring
56 aJudg.
57 aEzek.
20:27, 28
bHos. 7:16
58 aJudg. 2:12
bDeut. 12:2
60 a1 Sam.
61 aJudg. 18:30
62 a1 Sam.
63 aJer. 7:34;
16:9; 25:10
64 a1 Sam.
4:17; 22:18
bJob 27:15;
Ezek. 24:23
65 aIs. 42:13
66 a1 Sam. 5:6
68 a[Ps. 87:2] 69 a1 Kin.
70 a1 Sam.
16:11, 12
71 a[Is. 40:11] b2 Sam. 5:2
72 a1 Kin. 9:4

64 aTheir priests fell by the sword, And btheir widows made no lamentation.

65 Then the Lord awoke as from sleep, aLike a mighty man who shouts because of wine.
66 And aHe beat back His enemies; He put them to a perpetual reproach.

67 Moreover He rejected the tent of Joseph, And did not choose the tribe of Ephraim,
68 But chose the tribe of Judah, Mount Zion awhich He loved.
69 And He built His asanctuary like the heights, Like the earth which He has established forever.
70 aHe also chose David His servant, And took him from the sheepfolds;
71 From following athe ewes that had young He brought him, bTo shepherd Jacob His people, And Israel His inheritance.
72 So he shepherded them according to the aintegrity of his heart, And guided them by the skillfulness of his hands.




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