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The Covenant at Mt. Sinai

(Category 4 of 16)

Watch our Read Scripture video on the book of Leviticus, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. There is one Read Scripture video dedicated to the book of Leviticus, which aims to help you see its unique contribution to the story of Jesus, but also how it works within the Bible’s overall framework.

This video explores the main ideas and flow of thought of the book of Leviticus.

Explore Leviticus

Leviticus (RS)

 

page 87

The Third Book of Moses Called

LEVITICUS

LEVITICUS is God’s guidebook for His newly redeemed people, showing them
how to worship, serve, and obey a holy God. Fellowship with God through sacrifice
and obedience show the awesome holiness of the God of Israel. Indeed,
“ ‘you shall be holy, for I the LORD your God am holy’ ” (19:2).
Leviticus focuses on the worship and walk of the nation of God. In Exodus,
Israel was redeemed and established as a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.
Leviticus shows how God’s people are to fulfill their priestly calling.
The Hebrew title is Wayyiqra, “And He Called.” The Talmud refers to Leviticus
as the “Law of the Priests,” and the “Law of the Offerings.” The Greek title appearing
in the Septuagint is Leuitikon, “That Which Pertains to the Levites.” From this
word, the Latin Vulgate derived its name Leviticus which was adopted as the English
title. This title is slightly misleading because the book does not deal with the
Levites as a whole but more with the priests, a segment of the Levites.
 
 

The Burnt Offering

1

1 NOW the LORD acalled to Moses, and spoke to him bfrom the tabernacle of meeting, saying,
2 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: a‘When any one of you brings an offering to the LORD, you shall bring your offering of the livestock—of the herd and of the flock.
3 ‘If his offering is a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a male awithout blemish; he shall offer it of his own free will at the door of the tabernacle of meeting before the LORD.
4 a‘Then he shall put his hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it will be baccepted on his behalf cto make atonement for him.
5 ‘He shall kill the abull before the LORD; band the priests, Aaron’s sons, shall bring the blood cand sprinkle the blood all around on the altar that is by the door of the tabernacle of meeting.
6 ‘And he shall askin the burnt offering and cut it into its pieces.
7 ‘The sons of Aaron the priest shall put afire on the altar, and blay the wood in order on the fire.
8 ‘Then the priests, Aaron’s sons, shall lay the parts, the head, and the fat in order on the wood that is on the fire upon the altar;
9 ‘but he shall wash its entrails and its legs with water. And the priest shall burn all on the altar as a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, a asweet1 aroma to the LORD.
10 ‘If his offering is of the flocks— of the sheep or of the goats—as a burnt sacrifice, he shall bring a male awithout blemish.
11 a‘He shall kill it on the north side of the altar before the LORD; and the priests, Aaron’s sons, shall sprinkle its blood all around on the altar.
12 ‘And he shall cut it into its pieces,

CHAPTER 1 References

1 aEx. 19:3;
25:22 bEx.
40:34
2 aLev. 22:18,
19
3 aEph. 5:27
4 aLev. 3:2, 8,
13; 4:15
b[Rom. 12:1] c2 Chr. 29:23,
24
5 aMic. 6:6
b2 Chr. 35:11
c[Heb. 12:24] 6 aLev. 7:8
7 aMal. 1:10
bGen. 22:9
9 aGen. 8:21
1soothing or
pleasing
aroma
10 aLev. 1:3
11 aLev. 1:5
13 aNum.
15:4–7;
28:12–14
14 aLev. 5:7,
11; 12:8
15 1Lit. nip or
chop off
16 aLev. 6:10
17 aGen. 15:10
bLev. 1:9, 13
1soothing or
pleasing
aroma

CHAPTER 2 References

1 aNum. 15:4
bLev. 5:11
2 aLev. 2:9;
5:12; 6:15;
24:7
3 aLev. 7:9
bLev. 6:6;
10:12, 13
cNum. 18:9

with its head and its fat; and the priest shall lay them in order on the wood that is on the fire upon the altar;
13 ‘but he shall wash the entrails and the legs with water. Then the priest shall bring it all and burn it on the altar; it is a burnt sacrifice, an aoffering made by fire, a sweet aroma to the LORD.
14 ‘And if the burnt sacrifice of his offering to the LORD is of birds, then he shall bring his offering of aturtledoves or young pigeons.
15 ‘The priest shall bring it to the altar, 1wring off its head, and burn it on the altar; its blood shall be drained out at the side of the altar.
16 ‘And he shall remove its crop with its feathers and cast it abeside the altar on the east side, into the place for ashes.
17 ‘Then he shall split it at its wings, but ashall not divide it completely; and the priest shall burn it on the altar, on the wood that is on the fire. bIt is a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, a 1sweet aroma to the LORD.

The Grain Offering

2

1 ‘When anyone offers aa grain offering to the LORD, his offering shall be of fine flour. And he shall pour oil on it, and put bfrankincense on it.
2 ‘He shall bring it to Aaron’s sons, the priests, one of whom shall take from it his handful of fine flour and oil with all the frankincense. And the priest shall burn ait as a memorial on the altar, an offering made by fire, a sweet aroma to the LORD.
3 a‘The rest of the grain offering shall be Aaron’s and his bsons’. cIt is most holy of the offerings to the LORD made by fire.
4 ‘And if you bring as an offering a grain offering baked in the oven,

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LEVITICUS 2:5

it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers aanointed1 with oil.
5 ‘But if your offering is a grain offering baked in a 1pan, it shall be of fine flour, unleavened, mixed with oil.
6 ‘You shall break it in pieces and pour oil on it; it is a grain offering.
7 ‘If your offering is a grain offering baked in a acovered pan, it shall be made of fine flour with oil.
8 ‘You shall bring the grain offering that is made of these things to the LORD. And when it is presented to the priest, he shall bring it to the altar.
9 ‘Then the priest shall take from the grain offering aa memorial portion, and burn it on the altar. It is an boffering made by fire, a sweet aroma to the LORD.
10 ‘And awhat is left of the grain offering shall be Aaron’s and his sons’. It is most holy of the offerings to the LORD made by fire.
11 ‘No grain offering which you bring to the LORD shall be made with aleaven, for you shall burn no leaven nor any honey in any offering to the LORD made by fire.
12 a‘As for the offering of the firstfruits, you shall offer them to the LORD, but they shall not be burned on the altar for a sweet aroma.
13 ‘And every offering of your grain offering ayou shall season with salt; you shall not allow bthe salt of the covenant of your God to be lacking from your grain offering. cWith all your offerings you shall offer salt.
14 ‘If you offer a grain offering of your firstfruits to the LORD, ayou shall offer for the grain offering of your firstfruits green heads of grain roasted on the fire, grain beaten from bfull heads.
15 ‘And ayou shall put oil on it, and lay frankincense on it. It is a grain offering.
16 ‘Then the priest shall burn athe memorial portion: part of its beaten grain and part of its oil, with all the frankincense, as an offering made by fire to the LORD.

The Peace Offering

3

1 ‘When his offering is a asacrifice of a peace offering, if he offers it of the herd, whether male or female, he shall offer it bwithout 1blemish before the LORD.
2 ‘And ahe shall lay his hand on the head of his offering, and kill it at the door of the tabernacle of meeting; and Aaron’s sons, the priests, shall bsprinkle the blood all around on the altar.
3 ‘Then he shall offer from the sacrifice of the peace offering an offering made by fire to the LORD. aThe fat that covers the entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails,

4 aEx. 29:2
1spread
5 1flat plate or
griddle
7 aLev. 7:9
9 aLev. 2:2, 16;
5:12; 6:15 bEx.
29:18
10 aLev. 2:3;
6:16
11 aLev. 6:16,
17
12 aLev. 23:10,
11, 17, 18
13 a[Col. 4:6] bNum. 18:19
cEzek. 43:24
14 aLev. 23:10,
14 b2 Kin.
4:42
15 aLev. 2:1
16 aLev. 2:2

CHAPTER 3 References

1 aLev. 7:11,
29 bLev. 1:3;
22:20–24
1imperfection
or defect
2 aLev. 1:4, 5;
16:21 bLev. 1:5
3 aLev. 1:8;
3:16; 4:8, 9
5 aEx. 29:13
b2 Chr. 35:14
cNum. 28:3–10
dNum. 15:8–10
6 aLev. 3:1;
22:20–24
7 aNum. 15:4,
5 b1 Kin. 8:62
cLev. 17:8, 9
11 aNum. 28:2
12 aNum.
15:6–11 bLev.
3:1, 7
16 aLev.
7:23–25
17 aLev. 6:18;
7:36; 17:7;
23:14 bLev.
7:23, 26;
17:10, 14
1everlasting
or neverending

CHAPTER 4 References

2 aLev.
5:15–18
1through
error
3 aLev. 8:12

4 ‘the two kidneys and the fat that is on them by the flanks, and the fatty lobe attached to the liver above the kidneys, he shall remove;
5 ‘and Aaron’s sons ashall burn it on the altar upon the bburnt sacrifice, which is on the wood that is on the fire, as an coffering made by fire, a dsweet aroma to the LORD.
6 ‘If his offering as a sacrifice of a peace offering to the LORD is of the flock, whether male or female, ahe shall offer it without blemish.
7 ‘If he offers a alamb as his offering, then he shall boffer it cbefore the LORD.
8 ‘And he shall lay his hand on the head of his offering, and kill it before the tabernacle of meeting; and Aaron’s sons shall sprinkle its blood all around on the altar.
9 ‘Then he shall offer from the sacrifice of the peace offering, as an offering made by fire to the LORD, its fat and the whole fat tail which he shall remove close to the backbone. And the fat that covers the entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails,
10 ‘the two kidneys and the fat that is on them by the flanks, and the fatty lobe attached to the liver above the kidneys, he shall remove;
11 ‘and the priest shall burn them on the altar as afood, an offering made by fire to the LORD.
12 ‘And if his aoffering is a goat, then bhe shall offer it before the LORD.
13 ‘He shall lay his hand on its head and kill it before the tabernacle of meeting; and the sons of Aaron shall sprinkle its blood all around on the altar.
14 ‘Then he shall offer from it his offering, as an offering made by fire to the LORD. The fat that covers the entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails,
15 ‘the two kidneys and the fat that is on them by the flanks, and the fatty lobe attached to the liver above the kidneys, he shall remove;
16 ‘and the priest shall burn them on the altar as food, an offering made by fire for a sweet aroma; aall the fat is the LORD’s.
17 ‘This shall be a aperpetual1 statute throughout your generations in all your dwellings: you shall eat neither fat nor bblood.’ ”

The Sin Offering

4

1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
2 “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: a‘If a person sins 1unintentionally against any of the commandments of the LORD in anything which ought not to be done, and does any of them,
3 a‘if the anointed priest sins, bringing guilt on the people, then let him offer to the LORD for his sin

page 89

which he has sinned ba young bull without blemish as a csin offering.
4 ‘He shall bring the bull ato the door of the tabernacle of meeting before the LORD, lay his hand on the bull’s head, and kill the bull before the LORD.
5 ‘Then the anointed priest ashall take some of the bull’s blood and bring it to the tabernacle of meeting.
6 ‘The priest shall dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle some of the blood seven times before the LORD, in front of the aveil of the sanctuary.
7 ‘And the priest shall aput some of the blood on the horns of the altar of sweet incense before the LORD, which is in the tabernacle of meeting; and he shall pour bthe remaining blood of the bull at the base of the altar of the burnt offering, which is at the door of the tabernacle of meeting.
8 ‘He shall take from it all the fat of the bull as the sin offering. The fat that covers the entrails and all the fat which is on the entrails,
9 ‘the two kidneys and the fat that is on them by the flanks, and the fatty lobe attached to the liver above the kidneys, he shall remove,
10 a‘as it was taken from the bull of the sacrifice of the peace offering; and the priest shall burn them on the altar of the burnt offering.
11 a‘But the bull’s hide and all its flesh, with its head and legs, its entrails and offal
12 ‘the whole bull he shall carry outside the camp to a clean place, awhere the ashes are poured out, and bburn it on wood with fire; where the ashes are poured out it shall be burned.
13 ‘Now aif the whole congregation of Israel sins unintentionally, band the thing is hidden from the eyes of the assembly, and they have done something against any of the commandments of the LORD in anything which should not be done, and are guilty;
14 ‘when the sin which they have committed becomes known, then the assembly shall offer a young bull for the sin, and bring it before the tabernacle of meeting.
15 ‘And the elders of the congregation ashall lay their hands on the head of the bull before the LORD. Then the bull shall be killed before the LORD.
16 a‘The anointed priest shall bring some of the bull’s blood to the tabernacle of meeting.
17 ‘Then the priest shall dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle it seven times before the LORD, in front of the veil.
18 ‘And he shall put some of the blood on the horns of the altar which is before the LORD, which is in the tabernacle of meeting; and he

3 bLev. 3:1; 9:2
cLev. 9:7
4 aLev. 1:3, 4;
4:15; Num.
8:12
5 aLev. 16:14;
Num. 19:4
6 aEx. 40:21,
26
7 aLev. 4:18,
25, 30, 34;
8:15; 9:9;
16:18 bEx.
40:5, 6; Lev.
5:9
10 aLev. 3:3–5
11 aEx. 29:14;
Lev. 9:11;
Num. 19:5
12 aLev. 4:21;
6:10, 11; 16:27
b[Heb. 13:11,
12] 13 aNum.
15:24–26;
Josh. 7:11
bLev. 5:2–4, 17
15 aLev. 1:3, 4
16 aLev. 4:5;
[Heb. 9:12–14] 20 aLev. 4:3
bLev. 1:4;
Num. 15:25
1Lit. covering
22 aLev. 4:2,
13, 27 1leader
23 aLev. 4:14;
5:4 1is made
known to him
24 aLev. 4:4;
[Is. 53:6] 25 aLev. 4:7,
18, 30, 34
26 aLev. 3:3–5
bLev. 4:20;
Num. 15:28
1Lit. covering
27 aLev. 4:2;
Num. 15:27
1Lit. any soul
2Lit. people of
the land
28 aLev. 4:23
29 aLev. 1:4;
4:4, 24
31 aLev. 3:14
bLev. 3:3, 4
cGen. 8:21;
Ex. 29:18; Lev.
1:9, 13; 2:2, 9,
12 dLev. 4:26
32 aLev. 4:28
33 aLev. 1:4;
Num. 8:12

LEVITICUS 4:33

shall pour the remaining blood at the base of the altar of burnt offering, which is at the door of the tabernacle of meeting.
19 ‘He shall take all the fat from it and burn it on the altar.
20 ‘And he shall do awith the bull as he did with the bull as a sin offering; thus he shall do with it. bSo the priest shall make 1atonement for them, and it shall be forgiven them.
21 ‘Then he shall carry the bull outside the camp, and burn it as he burned the first bull. It is a sin offering for the assembly.
22 ‘When a 1ruler has sinned, and adone something unintentionally against any of the commandments of the LORD his God in anything which should not be done, and is guilty,
23 ‘or aif his sin which he has committed 1comes to his knowledge, he shall bring as his offering a kid of the goats, a male without blemish.
24 ‘And ahe shall lay his hand on the head of the goat, and kill it at the place where they kill the burnt offering before the LORD. It is a sin offering.
25 a‘The priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger, put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and pour its blood at the base of the altar of burnt offering.
26 ‘And he shall burn all its fat on the altar, like athe fat of the sacrifice of the peace offering. bSo the priest shall make 1atonement for him concerning his sin, and it shall be forgiven him.
27 a‘If 1anyone of the 2common people sins unintentionally by doing something against any of the commandments of the LORD in anything which ought not to be done, and is guilty,
28 ‘or aif his sin which he has committed comes to his knowledge, then he shall bring as his offering a kid of the goats, a female without blemish, for his sin which he has committed.
29 a‘And he shall lay his hand on the head of the sin offering, and kill the sin offering at the place of the burnt offering.
30 ‘Then the priest shall take some of its blood with his finger, put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and pour all the remaining blood at the base of the altar.
31 a‘He shall remove all its fat, bas fat is removed from the sacrifice of the peace offering; and the priest shall burn it on the altar for a csweet aroma to the LORD. dSo the priest shall make atonement for him, and it shall be forgiven him.
32 ‘If he brings a lamb as his sin offering, ahe shall bring a female without blemish.
33 ‘Then he shall alay his hand on

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LEVITICUS 4:34

the head of the sin offering, and kill it as a sin offering at the place where they kill the burnt offering.
34 ‘The priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger, put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and pour all the remaining blood at the base of the altar.
35 ‘He shall remove all its fat, as the fat of the lamb is removed from the sacrifice of the peace offering. Then the priest shall burn it on the altar, aaccording to the offerings made by fire to the LORD. bSo the priest shall make atonement for his sin that he has committed, and it shall be forgiven him.

35 aLev. 3:5
bLev. 4:26, 31

page 486

PSALM 30

The Blessedness of Answered Prayer

A Psalm. A Song aat the dedication of the house of David.

1 I WILL extol You, O LORD, for You have alifted me up, And have not let my foes brejoice over me.
2 O LORD my God, I cried out to You, And You ahealed me.
3 O LORD, aYou brought my soul up from the grave; You have kept me alive, 1that I should not go down to the pit.

4 aSing praise to the LORD, you saints of His, And give thanks at the remembrance of 1His holy name.
5 For aHis anger is but for a moment, bHis favor is for life; Weeping may endure for a night, But 1joy comes in the morning.

PSALM 30 References

title aDeut.
20:5
1 aPs. 28:9 bPs.
25:2
2 aPs. 6:2;
103:3; [Is.
53:5] 3 aPs. 86:13
1So with Qr.,
Tg.; Kt., LXX,
Syr.,Vg. from
those who descend
to the
pit
4 aPs. 97:12
1Or His holiness
5 aPs. 103:9;
Is. 26:20; 54:7,
8 bPs. 63:3 1a
shout of joy
6 1shaken
7 a[Deut.
31:17; Ps.
104:29; 143:7] 9 a[Ps. 6:5] 11 aEccl. 3:4;
Is. 61:3; Jer.
31:4 1The
sackcloth of
my mourning
12 1soul

6 Now in my prosperity I said, “I shall never be 1moved.”
7 LORD, by Your favor You have made my mountain stand strong; aYou hid Your face, and I was troubled.

8 I cried out to You, O LORD; And to the LORD I made supplication:
9 “What profit is there in my blood, When I go down to the pit? aWill the dust praise You? Will it declare Your truth?
10 Hear, O LORD, and have mercy on me; LORD, be my helper!”
11 aYou have turned for me my mourning into dancing; You have put off 1my sackcloth and clothed me with gladness,
12 To the end that my 1glory may sing praise to You and not be silent. O LORD my God, I will give thanks to You forever.

 

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