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The Covenant at Mt. Sinai

(Category 4 of 16)

page 106

CHAPTER 21 References

1 aEzek. 44:25
4 1Lit. master
or husband
5 aDeut. 14:1

Regulations for Conduct of Priests

21

1 And the LORD said to Moses, “Speak to the priests, the sons of Aaron, and say to them: a‘None shall defile himself for the dead among his people,
2 ‘except for his relatives who are nearest to him: his mother, his father, his son, his daughter, and his brother;
3 ‘also his virgin sister who is near to him, who has had no husband, for her he may defile himself.
4 ‘Otherwise he shall not defile himself, being a 1chief man among his people, to profane himself.
5 a‘They shall not make any bald

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place on their heads, nor shall they shave the edges of their beards nor make any cuttings in their flesh.
6 ‘They shall be aholy to their God and not profane the name of their God, for they offer the offerings of the LORD made by fire, and the bbread of their God; ctherefore they shall be holy.
7 a‘They shall not take a wife who is a harlot or a defiled woman, nor shall they take a woman bdivorced from her husband; for 1the priest is holy to his God.
8 ‘Therefore you shall 1consecrate him, for he offers the bread of your God. He shall be holy to you, for aI the LORD, who bsanctify you, am holy.
9 ‘The daughter of any priest, if she profanes herself by playing the harlot, she profanes her father. She shall be aburned with fire.
10 ‘He who is the high priest among his brethren, on whose head the anointing oil was apoured and who is consecrated to wear the garments, shall not buncover1 his head nor tear his clothes;
11 ‘nor shall he go anear any dead body, nor defile himself for his father or his mother;
12 a‘nor shall he go out of the sanctuary, nor profane the sanctuary of his God; for the bconsecration of the anointing oil of his God is upon him: I am the LORD.
13 ‘And he shall take a wife in her virginity.
14 ‘A widow or a divorced woman or a defiled woman or a harlot— these he shall not marry; but he shall take a virgin of his own people as wife.
15 ‘Nor shall he profane his posterity among his people, for I the LORD sanctify him.’ ”
16 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
17 “Speak to Aaron, saying: ‘No man of your descendants in succeeding generations, who has any defect, may approach to offer the bread of his God.
18 ‘For any man who has a adefect shall not approach: a man blind or lame, who has a marred face or any limb btoo long,
19 ‘a man who has a broken foot or broken hand,
20 ‘or is a hunchback or a dwarf, or a man who has a defect in his eye, or eczema or scab, or is a eunuch.
21 ‘No man of the descendants of Aaron the priest, who has a defect, shall come near to offer the offerings made by fire to the LORD. He has a defect; he shall not come near to offer the bread of his God.
22 ‘He may eat the bread of his God, both the most holy and the holy;
23 ‘only he shall not go near the

6 aEx. 22:31
bLev. 3:11 cIs.
52:11
7 aEzek. 44:22
bDeut. 24:1, 2
1Lit. he
8 aLev. 11:44,
45 bLev. 8:12,
30 1set him
apart
9 aDeut. 22:21
10 aLev. 8:12
bLev. 10:6, 7
1In mourning
11 aNum. 19:14
12 aLev. 10:7
bEx. 29:6, 7
18 aLev.
22:19–25 bLev.
22:23
23 aLev. 16:2
bLev. 21:12

CHAPTER 22 References

2 aNum. 6:3
bLev. 18:21
cEx. 28:38;
Lev. 16:19;
25:10; Num.
18:32; Deut.
15:19 1keep
themselves
apart from
3 aLev. 7:20,
21; Num.
19:13 1defilement
4 aNum. 5:2
bLev. 15:2
cLev. 14:2;
15:13 dLev.
11:24–28, 39,
40; Num.
19:11 eLev.
15:16, 17
5 aLev.
11:23–28 bLev.
15:7, 19
6 aLev. 15:5
7 aLev. 21:22;
Num. 18:11,
13
8 aEx. 22:31;
Lev. 7:24;
11:39, 40;
17:15; Ezek.
44:31
9 aLev. 18:30
bEx. 28:43;
Lev. 22:16;
Num. 18:22
1charge
10 aEx. 29:33;
Lev. 22:13;
Num. 3:10 1As
a visitor
11 aEx. 12:44
15 aNum.
18:32

LEVITICUS 22:15

aveil or approach the altar, because he has a defect, lest bhe profane My sanctuaries; for I the LORD sanctify them.’ ”
24 And Moses told it to Aaron and his sons, and to all the children of Israel.

22

1 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
2 “Speak to Aaron and his sons, that they aseparate1 themselves from the holy things of the children of Israel, and that they bdo not profane My holy name by what they cdedicate to Me: I am the LORD.
3 “Say to them: ‘Whoever of all your descendants throughout your generations, who goes near the holy things which the children of Israel dedicate to the LORD, awhile he has 1uncleanness upon him, that person shall be cut off from My presence: I am the LORD.
4 ‘Whatever man of the descendants of Aaron, who is a aleper or has ba discharge, shall not eat the holy offerings cuntil he is clean. And dwhoever touches anything made unclean by a corpse, or ea man who has had an emission of semen,
5 ‘or awhoever touches any creeping thing by which he would be made unclean, or bany person by whom he would become unclean, whatever his uncleanness may be—
6 ‘the person who has touched any such thing shall be unclean until evening, and shall not eat the holy offerings unless he awashes his body with water.
7 ‘And when the sun goes down he shall be clean; and afterward he may eat the holy offerings, because ait is his food.
8 a‘Whatever dies naturally or is torn by beasts he shall not eat, to defile himself with it: I am the LORD.
9 ‘They shall therefore keep aMy 1ordinance, blest they bear sin for it and die thereby, if they profane it: I the LORD sanctify them.
10 a‘No outsider shall eat the holy offering; one who 1dwells with the priest, or a hired servant, shall not eat the holy thing.
11 ‘But if the priest abuys a person with his money, he may eat it; and one who is born in his house may eat his food.
12 ‘If the priest’s daughter is married to an outsider, she may not eat of the holy offerings.
13 ‘But if the priest’s daughter is a widow or divorced, and has no child, and has returned to her father’s house as in her youth, she may eat her father’s food; but no outsider shall eat it.
14 ‘And if a man eats the holy offering unintentionally, then he shall restore a holy offering to the priest, and add one-fifth to it.
15 ‘They shall not profane the aholy

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LEVITICUS 22:16

offerings of the children of Israel, which they offer to the LORD,
16 ‘or allow them to bear the guilt of trespass when they eat their holy offerings; for I the LORD sanctify them.’ ”

Offerings Accepted and Not Accepted

17 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
18 “Speak to Aaron and his sons, and to all the children of Israel, and say to them: a‘Whatever man of the house of Israel, or of the strangers in Israel, who 1offers his sacrifice for any of his vows or for any of his freewill offerings, which they offer to the LORD as a burnt offering—
19 a‘you shall offer of your own free will a male without blemish from the cattle, from the sheep, or from the goats.
20 a‘Whatever has a defect, you shall not offer, for it shall not be acceptable on your behalf.
21 ‘And awhoever offers a sacrifice of a peace offering to the LORD, bto fulfill his vow, or a freewill offering from the cattle or the sheep, it must be perfect to be accepted; there shall be no defect in it.
22 a‘Those that are blind or broken or maimed, or have an 1ulcer or eczema or scabs, you shall not offer to the LORD, nor make ban offering by fire of them on the altar to the LORD.
23 ‘Either a bull or a lamb that has any limb atoo long or too short you may offer as a freewill offering, but for a vow it shall not be accepted.
24 ‘You shall not offer to the LORD what is bruised or crushed, or torn or cut; nor shall you make any offering of them in your land.
25 ‘Nor afrom a foreigner’s hand shall you offer any of these as bthe bread of your God, because their ccorruption is in them, and defects are in them. They shall not be accepted on your behalf.’ ”
26 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
27 a“When a bull or a sheep or a goat is born, it shall be seven days with its mother; and from the eighth day and thereafter it shall be accepted as an offering made by fire to the LORD.
28 “Whether it is a cow or ewe, do not kill both her aand her young on the same day.
29 “And when you aoffer a sacrifice of thanksgiving to the LORD, offer it of your own free will.
30 “On the same day it shall be eaten; you shall leave anone of it until morning: I am the LORD.
31 a“Therefore you shall keep My commandments, and perform them: I am the LORD.
32 a“You shall not profane My holy

18 aLev. 1:2, 3,
10 1brings his
offering
19 aLev. 1:3;
Deut. 15:21
20 aDeut.
15:21; 17:1;
Mal. 1:8, 14;
[Eph. 5:27;
Heb. 9:14;
1 Pet. 1:19] 21 aLev. 3:1, 6
bNum. 15:3, 8;
Ps. 61:8; 65:1;
Eccl. 5:4, 5
22 aLev. 22:20;
Mal. 1:8 bLev.
1:9, 13; 3:3, 5
1running sore
23 aLev. 21:18
25 aNum.
15:15, 16 bLev.
21:6, 17 cMal.
1:14
27 aEx. 22:30
28 aDeut. 22:6,
7
29 aLev. 7:12;
Ps. 107:22;
116:17; Amos
4:5
30 aLev. 7:15
31 aLev. 19:37;
Num. 15:40;
Deut. 4:40
32 aLev. 18:21
bLev. 10:3;
Matt. 6:9;
Luke 11:2
cLev. 20:8
1treated as
holy
33 aLev. 19:36,
37; Num.
15:40; Deut.
4:40

CHAPTER 23 References

2 aEx. 12:16
3 aEx. 20:9;
23:12; 31:15;
Lev. 19:3;
Deut. 5:13, 14;
Luke 13:14
4 aEx.
23:14–16; Lev.
23:2, 37
5 aEx. 12:1–28;
Num. 9:1–5;
28:16–25;
Deut. 16:1–8;
Josh. 5:10
7 aEx. 12:16;
Num. 28:18,
25 1occupational
10 aEx. 23:19;
34:26 b[Rom.
11:16]; James
1:18; Rev. 14:4
11 aEx. 29:24
13 1pleasing

name, but bI will be 1hallowed among the children of Israel. I am the LORD who csanctifies you,
33 a“who brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: I am the LORD.”

Feasts of the LORD

23

1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
2 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘The feasts of the LORD, which you shall proclaim to be aholy convocations, these are My feasts.

The Sabbath

3 a‘Six days shall work be done, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation. You shall do no work on it; it is the Sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.

The Passover and Unleavened Bread

4 a‘These are the feasts of the LORD, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at their appointed times.
5 a‘On the fourteenth day of the first month at twilight is the LORD’s Passover.
6 ‘And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the LORD; seven days you must eat unleavened bread.
7 a‘On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no 1customary work on it.
8 ‘But you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD for seven days. The seventh day shall be a holy convocation; you shall do no customary work on it.’ ”

The Feast of Firstfruits

9 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
10 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: a‘When you come into the land which I give to you, and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of bthe firstfruits of your harvest to the priest.
11 ‘He shall awave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted on your behalf; on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it.
12 ‘And you shall offer on that day, when you wave the sheaf, a male lamb of the first year, without blemish, as a burnt offering to the LORD.
13 ‘Its grain offering shall be two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering made by fire to the LORD, for a 1sweet aroma; and its drink offering shall be of wine, one-fourth of a hin.
14 ‘You shall eat neither bread nor parched grain nor fresh grain until the same day that you have brought an offering to your God; it shall be

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a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

The Feast of Weeks

15 ‘And you shall count for yourselves from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering: seven Sabbaths shall be completed.
16 ‘Count afifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath; then you shall offer ba new grain offering to the LORD.
17 ‘You shall bring from your dwellings two wave loaves of two-tenths of an ephah. They shall be of fine flour; they shall be baked with leaven. They are athe firstfruits to the LORD.
18 ‘And you shall offer with the bread seven lambs of the first year, without blemish, one young bull, and two rams. They shall be as a burnt offering to the LORD, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, an offering made by fire for a sweet aroma to the LORD.
19 ‘Then you shall sacrifice aone kid of the goats as a sin offering, and two male lambs of the first year as a sacrifice of a bpeace offering.
20 ‘The priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits as a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs. aThey shall be holy to the LORD for the priest.
21 ‘And you shall proclaim on the same day that it is a holy convocation to you.You shall do no customary work on it. It shall be a statute forever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.
22 a‘When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not wholly reap the corners of your field when you reap, nor shall you gather any gleaning from your harvest. You shall leave them for the poor and for the stranger: I am the LORD your God.’ ”

The Feast of Trumpets

23 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
24 “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘In the aseventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a sabbath-rest, ba memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation.
25 ‘You shall do no customary work on it; and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD.’ ”

The Day of Atonement

26 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
27 a“Also the tenth day of this seventh month shall be the Day of Atonement. It shall be a holy convocation for you; you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire to the LORD.
28 “And you shall do no work on

16 aActs 2:1
bNum. 28:26
17 aEx. 23:16,
19; Num.
15:17–21
19 aLev. 4:23,
28; Num.
28:30; [2 Cor.
5:21] bLev. 3:1
20 aLev. 14:13;
Num. 18:12;
Deut. 18:4
22 aLev. 19:9,
10; Deut.
24:19–22;
Ruth 2:2, 15
24 aNum. 29:1
bLev. 25:9
27 aLev.
16:1–34; 25:9;
Num. 29:7
28 aLev. 16:34
29 aIs. 22:12;
Jer. 31:9;
Ezek. 7:16
bGen. 17:14;
Lev. 13:46;
Num. 5:2
30 aLev. 20:3–6
32 1humble
yourselves
2observe your
sabbath
34 aEx. 23:16;
Num. 29:12;
Deut.
16:13–16; Ezra
3:4; Neh. 8:14;
Zech.
14:16–19;
John 7:2
36 aNum.
29:12–34
bNum.
29:35–38;
Neh. 8:18;
John 7:37
cDeut. 16:8;
2 Chr. 7:8
1solemn
37 aLev. 23:2, 4
38 aNum. 29:39
39 aEx. 23:16;
Deut. 16:13
40 aNeh. 8:15
bDeut. 12:7;
16:14, 15
1foliage
41 aNum.
29:12; Neh.
8:18
42 a[Is. 4:6] bNeh. 8:14–16
1tabernacles;
shelters made
of boughs
43 aEx. 13:14;
Deut. 31:13;
Ps. 78:5

LEVITICUS 23:43

that same day, for it is the Day of Atonement, ato make atonement for you before the LORD your God.
29 “For any person who is not aafflicted in soul on that same day bshall be cut off from his people.
30 “And any person who does any work on that same day, athat person I will destroy from among his people.
31 “You shall do no manner of work; it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
32 “It shall be to you a sabbath of solemn rest, and you shall 1afflict your souls; on the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you shall 2celebrate your sabbath.”

The Feast of Tabernacles

33 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
34 “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: a‘The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the Feast of Tabernacles for seven days to the LORD.
35 ‘On the first day there shall be a holy convocation. You shall do no customary work on it.
36 ‘For seven days you shall offer an aoffering made by fire to the LORD. bOn the eighth day you shall have a holy convocation, and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD. It is a csacred1 assembly, and you shall do no customary work on it.
37 a‘These are the feasts of the LORD which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire to the LORD, a burnt offering and a grain offering, a sacrifice and drink offerings, everything on its day—
38 a‘besides the Sabbaths of the LORD, besides your gifts, besides all your vows, and besides all your freewill offerings which you give to the LORD.
39 ‘Also on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have agathered in the fruit of the land, you shall keep the feast of the LORD for seven days; on the first day there shall be a sabbath-rest, and on the eighth day a sabbath-rest.
40 ‘And ayou shall take for yourselves on the first day the 1fruit of beautiful trees, branches of palm trees, the boughs of leafy trees, and willows of the brook; band you shall rejoice before the LORD your God for seven days.
41 a‘You shall keep it as a feast to the LORD for seven days in the year. It shall be a statute forever in your generations.You shall celebrate it in the seventh month.
42 a‘You shall dwell in 1booths for seven days. bAll who are native Israelites shall dwell in booths,
43 a‘that your generations may

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LEVITICUS 23:44

bknow that I made the children of Israel dwell in booths when cI brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.’ ”
44 So Moses adeclared to the children of Israel the feasts of the LORD.

43 bEx. 10:2
cLev. 22:33
44 aLev. 23:2

page 491

PSALM 37

The Heritage of the Righteous and the Calamity of the Wicked

A Psalm of David.

1 DOa not fret because of evildoers, Nor be envious of the workers of iniquity.
2 For they shall soon be cut down alike the grass, And wither as the green herb.

3 Trust in the LORD, and do good; Dwell in the land, and feed on His faithfulness.
4 aDelight yourself also in the LORD, And He shall give you the desires of your bheart.

5 aCommit1 your way to the LORD, Trust also in Him, And He shall bring it to pass.
6 aHe shall bring forth your righteousness as the light, And your justice as the noonday.

7 Rest in the LORD, aand wait patiently for Him; Do not fret because of him who bprospers in his way, Because of the man who brings wicked schemes to pass.
8 aCease from anger, and forsake wrath; bDo not fret—it only causes harm.

9 For evildoers shall be 1cut off; But those who wait on the LORD, They shall ainherit the earth.
10 For ayet a little while and the wicked shall be no more; Indeed, byou will look carefully for his place, But it shall be no more.
11 aBut the meek shall inherit the earth, And shall delight themselves in the abundance of peace.

12 The wicked plots against the just, aAnd gnashes at him with his teeth.
13 aThe Lord laughs at him, For He sees that bhis day is coming.
14 The wicked have drawn the sword And have bent their bow, To cast down the poor and needy, To slay those who are of upright conduct.
15 Their sword shall enter their own heart, And their bows shall be broken.

16 aA little that a righteous man has Is better than the riches of many wicked.
17 For the arms of the wicked shall be broken, But the LORD upholds the righteous.

18 The LORD knows the days of the upright, And their inheritance shall be forever.
19 They shall not be ashamed in the evil time, And in the days of famine they shall be satisfied.

PSALM 37 References

1 aPs. 73:3;
[Prov. 23:17;
24:19] 2 aJob 14:2;
Ps. 90:5, 6;
92:7; James
1:11
4 aJob 22:26;
Ps. 94:19; Is.
58:14 bPs.
21:2; 145:19;
[Matt. 7:7, 8] 5 a[Ps. 55:22;
Prov. 16:3;
1 Pet. 5:7] 1Lit. Roll off
onto
6 aJob 11:17;
[Is. 58:8, 10] 7 aPs. 40:1;
62:5; [Lam.
3:26] b[Ps.
73:3–12] 8 a[Eph. 4:26] bPs. 73:3
9 aPs. 25:13;
Prov. 2:21; [Is.
57:13; 60:21;
Matt. 5:5] 1destroyed
10 a[Heb.
10:36] bJob
7:10; Ps.
37:35, 36
11 a[Matt. 5:5] 12 aPs. 35:16
13 aPs. 2:4;
59:8 b1 Sam.
26:10; Job
18:20
16 aProv.
15:16; 16:8;
[1 Tim. 6:6] 21 aPs. 112:5, 9
22 a[Prov. 3:33] 1destroyed
23 a[1 Sam.
2:9]; Ps. 40:2;
66:9; 119:5
1established
24 aProv. 24:16
26 a[Deut.
15:8]; Ps.
37:21 1Lit. all
the day
29 aPs. 37:9;
Prov. 2:21
30 a[Matt.
12:35] 31 1slip
32 aPs. 10:8;
17:11
33 aPs. 31:8;
[2 Pet. 2:9] 34 aPs. 27:14;
37:9
36 1So with
MT, LXX, Tg.;
Syr.,Vg. I
passed by
38 a[Ps. 1:4–6;
37:20, 28] 39 aPs. 9:9;
37:19
40 aPs. 22:4; Is.
31:5; Dan.
3:17; 6:23
b1 Chr. 5:20;
Ps. 34:22

20 But the wicked shall perish; And the enemies of the LORD, Like the splendor of the meadows, shall vanish. Into smoke they shall vanish away.

21 The wicked borrows and does not repay, But athe righteous shows mercy and gives.
22 aFor those blessed by Him shall inherit the earth, But those cursed by Him shall be 1cut off.

23 aThe steps of a good man are 1ordered by the LORD, And He delights in his way.
24 aThough he fall, he shall not be utterly cast down; For the LORD upholds him with His hand.
25 I have been young, and now am old; Yet I have not seen the righteous forsaken, Nor his descendants begging bread.
26 aHe is 1ever merciful, and lends; And his descendants are blessed.

27 Depart from evil, and do good; And dwell forevermore.
28 For the LORD loves justice, And does not forsake His saints; They are preserved forever, But the descendants of the wicked shall be cut off.
29 aThe righteous shall inherit the land, And dwell in it forever.

30 aThe mouth of the righteous speaks wisdom, And his tongue talks of justice.
31 The law of his God is in his heart; None of his steps shall 1slide.
32 The wicked awatches the righteous, And seeks to slay him.
33 The LORD awill not leave him in his hand, Nor condemn him when he is judged.

34 aWait on the LORD, And keep His way, And He shall exalt you to inherit the land; When the wicked are cut off, you shall see it.
35 I have seen the wicked in great power, And spreading himself like a native green tree.
36 Yet 1he passed away, and behold, he was no more; Indeed I sought him, but he could not be found.

37 Mark the blameless man, and observe the upright; For the future of that man is peace.
38 aBut the transgressors shall be destroyed together; The future of the wicked shall be cut off.

39 But the salvation of the righteous is from the LORD; He is their strength ain the time of trouble.
40 And athe LORD shall help them and deliver them; He shall deliver them from the wicked, And save them, bBecause they trust in Him.

 
 

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