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Rise & Fall of Israel’s Kingdom

(Category 7 of 16)

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CHAPTER 9 References

1 a1 Sam.
14:51; 1 Chr.
8:33; 9:36–39
2 a1 Sam.
4 a2 Kin. 4:42

Saul Chosen to Be King


1 There was a man of Benjamin whose name was aKish the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphiah, a Benjamite, a mighty man of 1power.
2 And he had a choice and handsome son whose name was Saul. There was not a more handsome person than he among the children of Israel. aFrom his shoulders upward he was taller than any of the people.
3 Now the donkeys of Kish, Saul’s father, were lost. And Kish said to his son Saul, “Please take one of the servants with you, and arise, go and look for the donkeys.”
4 So he passed through the mountains of Ephraim and through the land of aShalisha, but they did not find them. Then they passed through the land of Shaalim, and they were not there. Then he passed through

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the land of the Benjamites, but they did not find them.
5 When they had come to the land of aZuph, Saul said to his servant who was with him, “Come, let bus return, lest my father cease caring about the donkeys and become worried about us.”
6 And he said to him, “Look now, there is in this city aa man of God, and he is an honorable man; ball that he says surely comes to pass. So let us go there; perhaps he can show us the way that we should go.”
7 Then Saul said to his servant, “But look, if we go, awhat shall we bring the man? For the bread in our vessels is all gone, and there is no present to bring to the man of God. What do we have?”
8 And the servant answered Saul again and said, “Look, I have here at hand one-fourth of a shekel of silver. I will give that to the man of God, to tell us our way.”
9 (Formerly in Israel, when a man awent 1to inquire of God, he spoke thus: “Come, let us go to the seer”; for he who is now called a prophet was formerly called ba seer.)
10 Then Saul said to his servant, 1“Well said; come, let us go.” So they went to the city where the man of God was.
11 As they went up the hill to the city, athey met some young women going out to draw water, and said to them, “Is the seer here?”
12 And they answered them and said, “Yes, there he is, just ahead of you. Hurry now; for today he came to this city, because athere is a sacrifice of the people today bon the high place.
13 “As soon as you come into the city, you will surely find him before he goes up to the high place to eat. For the people will not eat until he comes, because he must bless the sacrifice; afterward those who are invited will eat. Now therefore, go up, for about this time you will find him.”
14 So they went up to the city. As they were coming into the city, there was Samuel, coming out toward them on his way up to the high place.
15 aNow the LORD had told Samuel in his ear the day before Saul came, saying,
16 “Tomorrow about this time aI will send you a man from the land of Benjamin, band you shall anoint him 1commander over My people Israel, that he may save My people from the hand of the Philistines; for I have clooked upon My people, because their cry has come to Me.”
17 So when Samuel saw Saul, the LORD said to him, a“There he is, the man of whom I spoke to you. This one shall reign over My people.”
18 Then Saul drew near to Samuel

5 a1 Sam. 1:1
b1 Sam. 10:2
6 aDeut. 33:1
b1 Sam. 3:19
7 aJudg. 6:18;
9 aGen. 25:22
b2 Kin. 17:13
1Lit. to seek
10 1Lit. Your
word is good
11 aEx. 2:16
12 aGen. 31:54
b1 Kin. 3:2
15 a1 Sam.
16 aDeut.
17:15 b1 Sam.
10:1 cEx.
2:23–25; 3:7, 9
1prince or
17 a1 Sam.
20 a1 Sam. 9:3
b1 Sam. 8:5,
19; 12:13 1for
21 a1 Sam.
15:17 bJudg.
cJudg. 6:15
1Lit. tribes
24 aLev. 7:32,
25 aDeut. 22:8
1So with MT,
Tg.; LXX
omits He
spoke with
Saul on the
top of the
house; LXX,
Vg. afterward
add And he
prepared a
bed for Saul
on the top of
the house,
and he slept.
27 1now
1 a2 Kin. 9:3, 6
bPs. 2:12 cActs
13:21 dDeut.
32:9 1So with
MT, Tg.,Vg.;
LXX people
Israel; and you
shall rule the
people of the
Lord; LXX,Vg.
add And you
shall deliver
His people
from the
hands of their
enemies all
around them.
And this shall
be a sign to
you, that God
has anointed
you to be a
2 aGen.
35:16–20; 48:7
bJosh. 18:28
c1 Sam. 9:3–5

1 SAMUEL 10:3

in the gate, and said, “Please tell me, where is the seer’s house?”
19 Samuel answered Saul and said, “I am the seer. Go up before me to the high place, for you shall eat with me today; and tomorrow I will let you go and will tell you all that is in your heart.
20 “But as for ayour donkeys that were lost three days ago, do not be anxious about them, for they have been found. And 1on whom bis all the desire of Israel? Is it not on you and on all your father’s house?”
21 And Saul answered and said, a“Am I not a Benjamite, of the bsmallest of the tribes of Israel, and cmy family the least of all the families of the 1tribe of Benjamin? Why then do you speak like this to me?”
22 Now Samuel took Saul and his servant and brought them into the hall, and had them sit in the place of honor among those who were invited; there were about thirty persons.
23 And Samuel said to the cook, “Bring the portion which I gave you, of which I said to you, ‘Set it apart.’ ”
24 So the cook took up athe thigh with its upper part and set it before Saul. And Samuel said, “Here it is, what was kept back. It was set apart for you. Eat; for until this time it has been kept for you, since I said I invited the people.” So Saul ate with Samuel that day.
25 When they had come down from the high place into the city, 1Samuel spoke with Saul on athe top of the house.
26 They arose early; and it was about the dawning of the day that Samuel called to Saul on the top of the house, saying, “Get up, that I may send you on your way.” And Saul arose, and both of them went outside, he and Samuel.

Saul Anointed King

27 As they were going down to the outskirts of the city, Samuel said to Saul, “Tell the servant to go on ahead of us.” And he went on. “But you stand here 1awhile, that I may announce to you the word of God.”


1 Then aSamuel took a flask of oil and poured it on his head, band kissed him and said: “Is it not because cthe LORD has anointed you commander over dHis 1inheritance?
2 “When you have departed from me today, you will find two men by aRachel’s tomb in the territory of Benjamin bat Zelzah; and they will say to you, ‘The donkeys which you went to look for have been found. And now your father has ceased caring about the donkeys and is worrying about cyou, saying, “What shall I do about my son?” ’
3 “Then you shall go on forward from there and come to the terebinth

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1 SAMUEL 10:4

tree of Tabor. There three men going up ato God at Bethel will meet you, one carrying three young goats, another carrying three loaves of bread, and another carrying a skin of wine.
4 “And they will 1greet you and give you two loaves of bread, which you shall receive from their hands.
5 “After that you shall come to the hill of God awhere the Philistine garrison is. And it will happen, when you have come there to the city, that you will meet a group of prophets coming down bfrom the high place with a stringed instrument, a tambourine, a flute, and a harp before them; cand they will be prophesying.
6 “Then athe Spirit of the LORD will come upon you, and byou will prophesy with them and be turned into another man.
7 “And let it be, when these asigns come to you, that you do as the occasion demands; for bGod is with you.
8 “You shall go down before me ato Gilgal; and surely I will come down to you to offer burnt offerings and make sacrifices of peace offerings. bSeven days you shall wait, till I come to you and show you what you should do.”
9 So it was, when he had turned his back to go from Samuel, that God 1gave him another heart; and all those signs came to pass that day.
10 aWhen they came there to the hill, there was ba group of prophets to meet him; then the Spirit of God came upon him, and he prophesied among them.
11 And it happened, when all who knew him formerly saw that he indeed prophesied among the prophets, that the people said to one another, “What is this that has come upon the son of Kish? aIs Saul also among the prophets?”
12 Then a man from there answered and said, “But awho is their father?” Therefore it became a proverb: “Is Saul also among the prophets?”
13 And when he had finished prophesying, he went to the high place.
14 Then Saul’s auncle said to him and his servant, “Where did you go?” So he said, “To look for the donkeys. When we saw that they were nowhere to be found, we went to Samuel.”
15 And Saul’s uncle said, “Tell me, please, what Samuel said to you.”
16 So Saul said to his uncle, “He told us plainly that the donkeys had been afound.” But about the matter of the kingdom, he did not tell him what Samuel had said.

Saul Proclaimed King

17 Then Samuel called the people together ato the LORD bat Mizpah,
18 and said to the children of Israel, a“Thus says the LORD God of Israel:

3 aGen. 28:22;
35:1, 3, 7
4 1ask you
about your
5 a1 Sam. 13:2,
3 b1 Sam.
19:12, 20
c2 Kin. 3:15
6 aNum. 11:25,
29 b1 Sam.
10:10; 19:23,
7 aEx. 4:8
bJudg. 6:12
8 a1 Sam.
11:14, 15; 13:8
b1 Sam.
9 1changed his
10 a1 Sam.
10:5 b1 Sam.
11 aMatt.
12 aJohn 5:30,
14 a1 Sam.
16 a1 Sam.
17 aJudg. 20:1
b1 Sam. 7:5, 6
18 aJudg. 6:8, 9
19 a1 Sam. 8:7,
19; 12:12
20 aActs 1:24,
22 a1 Sam.
23:2, 4, 10, 11
23 a1 Sam. 9:2
24 a2 Sam.
21:6 b1 Kin.
1:25, 39 1Lit.
May the king
25 a1 Sam.
26 aJudg. 20:14
27 a1 Sam.
11:12 bDeut.
13:13 c1 Kin.
4:21; 10:25
1kept silent
1 a1 Sam.
12:12 bJudg.
21:8 cGen.
2 aGen. 34:14
3 1deliver
4 a1 Sam.
10:26; 15:34
bJudg. 2:4;
20:23, 26; 21:2

‘I brought up Israel out of Egypt, and delivered you from the hand of the Egyptians and from the hand of all kingdoms and from those who oppressed you.’
19 a“But you have today rejected your God, who Himself saved you from all your adversities and your tribulations; and you have said to Him, ‘No, set a king over us!’ Now therefore, present yourselves before the LORD by your tribes and by your 1clans.”
20 And when Samuel had acaused all the tribes of Israel to come near, the tribe of Benjamin was chosen.
21 When he had caused the tribe of Benjamin to come near by their families, the family of Matri was chosen. And Saul the son of Kish was chosen. But when they sought him, he could not be found.
22 Therefore they ainquired of the LORD further, “Has the man come here yet?” And the LORD answered, “There he is, hidden among the equipment.”
23 So they ran and brought him from there; and when he stood among the people, ahe was taller than any of the people from his shoulders upward.
24 And Samuel said to all the people, “Do you see him awhom the LORD has chosen, that there is no one like him among all the people?” So all the people shouted and said, b“Long1 live the king!”
25 Then Samuel explained to the people athe behavior of royalty, and wrote it in a book and laid it up before the LORD. And Samuel sent all the people away, every man to his house.
26 And Saul also went home ato Gibeah; and valiant men went with him, whose hearts God had touched.
27 aBut some brebels said, “How can this man save us?” So they despised him, cand brought him no presents. But he 1held his peace.

Saul Saves Jabesh Gilead


1 Then aNahash the Ammonite came up and 1encamped against bJabesh Gilead; and all the men of Jabesh said to Nahash, c“Make a covenant with us, and we will serve you.”
2 And Nahash the Ammonite answered them, “On this condition I will make a covenant with you, that I may put out all your right eyes, and bring areproach on all Israel.”
3 Then the elders of Jabesh said to him, “Hold off for seven days, that we may send messengers to all the territory of Israel. And then, if there is no one to 1save us, we will come out to you.”
4 So the messengers came ato Gibeah of Saul and told the news in the hearing of the people. And ball

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the people lifted up their voices and wept.
5 Now there was Saul, coming behind the herd from the field; and Saul said, “What troubles the people, that they weep?” And they told him the words of the men of Jabesh.
6 aThen the Spirit of God came upon Saul when he heard this news, and his anger was greatly aroused.
7 So he took a yoke of oxen and acut them in pieces, and sent them throughout all the territory of Israel by the hands of messengers, saying, b“Whoever does not go out with Saul and Samuel to battle, so it shall be done to his oxen.” And the fear of the LORD fell on the people, and they came out 1with one consent.
8 When he numbered them in aBezek, the children bof Israel were three hundred thousand, and the men of Judah thirty thousand.
9 And they said to the messengers who came, “Thus you shall say to the men of Jabesh Gilead: ‘Tomorrow, by the time the sun is hot, you shall have help.’ ” Then the messengers came and reported it to the men of Jabesh, and they were glad.
10 Therefore the men of Jabesh said, “Tomorrow we will come out to you, and you may do with us whatever seems good to you.”
11 So it was, on the next day, that aSaul put the people bin three companies; and they came into the midst of the camp in the morning watch, and killed Ammonites until the heat of the day. And it happened that those who survived were scattered, so that no two of them were left together.
12 Then the people said to Samuel, a“Who is he who said, ‘Shall Saul reign over us?’ bBring the men, that we may put them to death.”
13 But Saul said, a“Not a man shall be put to death this day, for today bthe LORD has accomplished salvation in Israel.”
14 Then Samuel said to the people, “Come, let us go ato Gilgal and renew the kingdom there.”
15 So all the people went to Gilgal, and there they made Saul king abefore the LORD in Gilgal. bThere they made sacrifices of peace offerings before the LORD, and there Saul and all the men of Israel rejoiced greatly.

Samuel’s Address at Saul’s Coronation


1 Now Samuel said to all Israel: “Indeed I have 1heeded ayour voice in all that you said to me, and bhave made a king over you.
2 “And now here is the king, awalking before you; band I am old and grayheaded, and look, my sons are with you. I have walked before you from my childhood to this day.

6 aJudg. 3:10;
6:34; 11:29;
13:25; 14:6
7 aJudg. 19:29
bJudg. 21:5, 8,
10 1Lit. as one
8 aJudg. 1:5
b2 Sam. 24:9
11 a1 Sam.
31:11 bJudg.
7:16, 20
12 a1 Sam.
10:27 bLuke
13 a2 Sam.
19:22 bEx.
14:13, 30
14 a1 Sam.
7:16; 10:8
15 a1 Sam.
10:17 b1 Sam.
1 a1 Sam. 8:5,
7, 9, 20, 22
b1 Sam. 10:24;
11:14, 15 1listened
2 aNum. 27:17
b1 Sam. 8:1, 5
3 a1 Sam.
10:1; 24:6
bNum. 16:15
cEx. 23:8
dDeut. 16:19
4 aLev. 19:13
5 aActs 23:9;
24:20 bEx.
6 aMic. 6:4
7 aIs. 1:18
bJudg. 5:11
8 aGen. 46:5, 6
bEx. 2:23–25
cEx. 3:10;
4:14–16 1So
with MT, Tg.,
Vg.; LXX
adds and the
afflicted them
9 aJudg. 3:7
bJudg. 4:2
cJudg. 3:31;
10:7; 13:1
dJudg. 3:12–30
10 aJudg. 10:10
bJudg. 2:13;
3:7 1Images of
11 aJudg. 11:1
b1 Sam. 7:13
1Gideon, cf.
Judg. 6:25–32;
Syr. Deborah;
Tg. Gideon
2LXX, Syr.
Barak; Tg.
Simson 3Syr.
12 a1 Sam.
11:1, 2
b1 Sam. 8:5,
19, 20 cJudg.
13 a1 Sam.
10:24 b1 Sam.
8:5; 12:17, 19
cHos. 13:11
14 aJosh. 24:14
15 aDeut.
28:15 bIs. 1:20

1 SAMUEL 12:15

3 “Here I am.Witness against me before the LORD and before aHis anointed: bWhose ox have I taken, or whose donkey have I taken, or whom have I cheated? Whom have I oppressed, or from whose hand have I received any cbribe with which to dblind my eyes? I will restore it to you.”
4 And they said, a“You have not cheated us or oppressed us, nor have you taken anything from any man’s hand.”
5 Then he said to them, “The LORD is witness against you, and His anointed is witness this day, athat you have not found anything bin my hand.” And they answered, “He is witness.”
6 Then Samuel said to the people, a“It is the LORD who raised up Moses and Aaron, and who brought your fathers up from the land of Egypt.
7 “Now therefore, stand still, that I may areason with you before the LORD concerning all the brighteous acts of the LORD which He did to you and your fathers:
8 a“When Jacob had gone into 1Egypt, and your fathers bcried out to the LORD, then the LORD csent Moses and Aaron, who brought your fathers out of Egypt and made them dwell in this place.
9 “And when they aforgot the LORD their God, He sold them into the hand of bSisera, commander of the army of Hazor, into the hand of the cPhilistines, and into the hand of the king of dMoab; and they fought against them.
10 “Then they cried out to the LORD, and said, a‘We have sinned, because we have forsaken the LORD band served the Baals and 1Ashtoreths; but now deliver us from the hand of our enemies, and we will serve You.’
11 “And the LORD sent 1Jerubbaal, 2Bedan, aJephthah, and bSamuel,3 and delivered you out of the hand of your enemies on every side; and you dwelt in safety.
12 “And when you saw that aNahash king of the Ammonites came against you, byou said to me, ‘No, but a king shall reign over us,’ when cthe LORD your God was your king.
13 “Now therefore, ahere is the king bwhom you have chosen and whom you have desired. And take note, cthe LORD has set a king over you.
14 “If you afear the LORD and serve Him and obey His voice, and do not rebel against the commandment of the LORD, then both you and the king who reigns over you will continue following the LORD your God.
15 “However, if you do anot obey the voice of the LORD, but brebel against the commandment of the LORD, then the hand of the LORD will be against you, as it was against your fathers.

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1 SAMUEL 12:16

16 “Now therefore, astand and see this great thing which the LORD will do before your eyes:
17 “Is today not the awheat harvest? bI will call to the LORD, and He will send thunder and crain, that you may perceive and see that dyour wickedness is great, which you have done in the sight of the LORD, in asking a king for yourselves.”
18 So Samuel called to the LORD, and the LORD sent thunder and rain that day; and aall the people greatly feared the LORD and Samuel.
19 And all the people said to Samuel, a“Pray for your servants to the LORD your God, that we may not die; for we have added to all our sins the evil of asking a king for ourselves.”
20 Then Samuel said to the people, “Do not fear.You have done all this wickedness; ayet do not turn aside from following the LORD, but serve the LORD with all your heart.
21 “And ado not turn aside; bfor then you would go after empty things which cannot profit or deliver, for they are nothing.
22 “For athe LORD will not forsake bHis people, cfor His great name’s sake, because dit has pleased the LORD to make you His people.
23 “Moreover, as for me, far be it from me that I should sin against the LORD ain ceasing to pray for you; but bI will teach you the cgood and the right way.
24 a“Only fear the LORD, and serve Him in truth with all your heart; for bconsider what cgreat things He has done for you.
25 “But if you still do wickedly, ayou shall be swept away, bboth you and your king.”

16 aEx. 14:13,
17 aGen. 30:14
5:16–18] cEzra
10:9 d1 Sam.
18 aEx. 14:31
19 aEx. 9:28
20 aDeut.
21 a2 Chr.
25:15 bIs.
22 aDeut. 31:6
bIs. 43:21 cJer.
14:21 dDeut.
23 aRom. 1:9
bPs. 34:11
c1 Kin. 8:36
24 aEccl. 12:13
bIs. 5:12
cDeut. 10:21
25 aJosh. 24:20
bDeut. 28:36

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Prayer for Israel’s Restoration

To the Chief Musician. aSet to 1“The Lilies.” A 2Testimony of Asaph. A Psalm.

1 GIVE ear, O Shepherd of Israel, aYou who lead Joseph blike a flock; You who dwell between the cherubim, cshine forth!
2 Before aEphraim, Benjamin, and Manasseh, Stir up Your strength, And come and save us!

3 aRestore us, O God; bCause Your face to shine, And we shall be saved!

4 O LORD God of hosts, aHow long will You be angry Against the prayer of Your people?
5 aYou have fed them with the bread of tears, And given them tears to drink in great measure.
6 You have made us a strife to our neighbors, And our enemies laugh among themselves.

7 Restore us, O God of hosts; Cause Your face to shine, And we shall be saved!

8 You have brought aa vine out of Egypt; bYou have cast out the 1nations, and planted it.

PSALM 80 References

title aPs. 45:
title 1Heb.
2Heb. Eduth
1 a[Ex.
1 Sam. 4:4;
2 Sam. 6:2
bPs. 77:20
cDeut. 33:2
2 aPs. 78:9, 67
3 aLam. 5:21
bNum. 6:25;
Ps. 4:6
4 aPs. 79:5
5 aPs. 42:3; Is.
8 a[Is. 5:1, 7];
Jer. 2:21;
Ezek. 15:6;
17:6; 19:10
bPs. 44:2; Acts
7:45 1Gentiles
10 aLev. 23:40
1Lit. cedars of
11 1The
12 aIs. 5:5;
Nah. 2:2
1walls or
14 aIs. 63:15
15 a[Is. 49:5] 16 a[Ps. 39:11] 17 aPs. 89:21

9 You prepared room for it, And caused it to take deep root, And it filled the land.
10 The hills were covered with its shadow, And the 1mighty cedars with its aboughs.
11 She sent out her boughs to 1the Sea, And her branches to 2the River.

12 Why have You abroken down her 1hedges, So that all who pass by the way pluck her fruit?
13 The boar out of the woods uproots it, And the wild beast of the field devours it.

14 Return, we beseech You, O God of hosts; aLook down from heaven and see, And visit this vine
15 And the vineyard which Your right hand has planted, And the branch that You made strong afor Yourself.
16 It is burned with fire, it is cut down; aThey perish at the rebuke of Your countenance.
17 aLet Your hand be upon the man of Your right hand, Upon the son of man whom You made strong for Yourself.
18 Then we will not turn back from You; Revive us, and we will call upon Your name.

19 Restore us, O LORD God of hosts; Cause Your face to shine, And we shall be saved!




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