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Rise & Fall of Israel’s Kingdom

(Category 7 of 16)

Watch our Read Scripture video on the books of 1-2 Kings, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. In Kings, David’s son Solomon leads Israel to greatness, only to fail and lead Israel to a civil war and ultimately towards destruction and exile.

Known as Kings 1 and 2 in English Bibles, The Book of Kings is originally a single book that recounts the rule of Israel’s kings from David‘s son Solomon up until the time of Israel’s exile, the final result of Israel’s disobedience.

Explore 1 & 2 KINGS

1 & 2 KINGS: (RS)

 

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The First Book of the

KINGS

THE first half of First Kings traces the life of Solomon. Under his leadership
Israel rises to the peak of her size and glory. Solomon’s great accomplishments,
including the unsurpassed splendor of the temple which he constructs in
Jerusalem, bring him worldwide fame and respect. However, Solomon’s zeal for
God diminishes in his later years, as pagan wives turn his heart away from worship
in the temple of God. As a result, the king with the divided heart leaves
behind a divided kingdom. For the next century, the book of First Kings traces the
twin histories of two sets of kings and two nations of disobedient people who are
growing indifferent to God’s prophets and precepts.
Like the two books of Samuel, the two books of Kings were originally one in
the Hebrew Bible. The original title was Melechim, “Kings,” taken from the first
word in 1:1, Vehamelech, “Now King.” The Septuagint artificially divided the book
of Kings in the middle of the story of Ahaziah into two books. It called the books
of Samuel “First and Second Kingdoms” and the books of Kings “Third and Fourth
Kingdoms.” The Septuagint may have divided Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles into
two books each because the Greek required a greater amount of scroll space than
did the Hebrew. The Latin title for these books is Liber Regum Tertius et Quartus,
“Third and Fourth Books of Kings.”
 
 

Adonijah Presumes to Be King

1

1 NOW King David was aold, 1advanced in years; and they put covers on him, but he could not get warm.
2 Therefore his servants said to him, “Let a young woman, a virgin, be sought for our lord the king, and let her 1stand before the king, and let her care for him; and let her lie in your bosom, that our lord the king may be warm.”
3 So they sought for a lovely young woman throughout all the territory of Israel, and found aAbishag the bShunammite, and brought her to the king.
4 The young woman was very lovely; and she cared for the king, and served him; but the king did not know her.
5 Then aAdonijah the 1son of Haggith exalted himself, saying, “I will 2be king”; and bhe prepared for himself chariots and horsemen, and fifty men to run before him.
6 (And his father had not 1rebuked him at any time by saying, “Why have you done so?” He was also very good-looking. aHis mother had borne him after Absalom.)
7 Then he conferred with aJoab the son of Zeruiah and with bAbiathar the priest, and cthey followed and helped Adonijah.
8 But aZadok the priest, bBenaiah the son of Jehoiada, cNathan the prophet, dShimei, Rei, and ethe mighty men who belonged to David were not with Adonijah.
9 And Adonijah sacrificed sheep and oxen and fattened cattle by the stone of 1Zoheleth, which is by aEn

CHAPTER 1 References

1 a1 Chr. 23:1
1Seventy
years
2 1Or serve
3 a1 Kin. 2:17
bJosh. 19:18;
1 Sam. 28:4
5 a2 Sam. 3:4
b2 Sam. 15:1
1The fourth
son 2Lit. reign
6 a2 Sam. 3:3,
4; 1 Chr. 3:2
1Lit. pained
7 a1 Chr. 11:6
b2 Sam. 20:25
c1 Kin. 2:22,
28
8 a1 Kin. 2:35
b1 Kin. 2:25;
2 Sam. 8:18
c2 Sam. 12:1
d1 Kin. 4:18
e2 Sam. 23:8
9 aJosh. 15:7;
18:16; 2 Sam.
17:17 1Lit.
Serpent 2A
spring south
of Jerusalem
in the Kidron
Valley
10 a2 Sam.
12:24
11 a2 Sam. 3:4
13 a1 Kin. 1:30;
1 Chr. 22:9–13
17 a1 Kin. 1:13,
30
19 a1 Kin.
1:7–9, 25

Rogel;2 he also invited all his brothers, the king’s sons, and all the men of Judah, the king’s servants.
10 But he did not invite Nathan the prophet, Benaiah, the mighty men, or aSolomon his brother.
11 So Nathan spoke to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon, saying, “Have you not heard that Adonijah the son of aHaggith has become king, and David our lord does not know it?
12 “Come, please, let me now give you advice, that you may save your own life and the life of your son Solomon.
13 “Go immediately to King David and say to him, ‘Did you not, my lord, O king, swear to your maidservant, saying, a“Assuredly your son Solomon shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne”? Why then has Adonijah become king?’
14 “Then, while you are still talking there with the king, I also will come in after you and confirm your words.”
15 So Bathsheba went into the chamber to the king. (Now the king was very old, and Abishag the Shunammite was serving the king.)
16 And Bathsheba bowed and did homage to the king. Then the king said, “What is your wish?”
17 Then she said to him, “My lord, ayou swore by the LORD your God to your maidservant, saying, ‘Assuredly Solomon your son shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne.’
18 “So now, look! Adonijah has become king; and now, my lord the king, you do not know about it.
19 a“He has sacrificed oxen and

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1 KINGS 1:20

fattened cattle and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the sons of the king, Abiathar the priest, and Joab the commander of the army; but Solomon your servant he has not invited.
20 “And as for you,my lord, O king, the eyes of all Israel are on you, that you should tell them who will sit on the throne of my lord the king after him.
21 “Otherwise it will happen, when my lord the king arests with his fathers, that I and my son Solomon will be counted as offenders.”
22 And just then, while she was still talking with the king, Nathan the prophet also came in.
23 So they told the king, saying, “Here is Nathan the prophet.” And when he came in before the king, he bowed down before the king with his face to the ground.
24 And Nathan said, “My lord, O king, have you said, ‘Adonijah shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne’?
25 a“For he has gone down today, and has sacrificed oxen and fattened cattle and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the king’s sons, and the commanders of the army, and Abiathar the priest; and look! They are eating and drinking before him; and they say, b‘Long1 live King Adonijah!’
26 “But he has not invited me—me your servant—nor Zadok the priest, nor Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, nor your servant Solomon.
27 “Has this thing been done by my lord the king, and you have not told your servant who should sit on the throne of my lord the king after him?”

David Proclaims Solomon King

28 Then King David answered and said, “Call Bathsheba to me.” So she came into the king’s presence and stood before the king.
29 And the king took an oath and said, a“As the LORD lives, who has redeemed my life from every distress,
30 ajust as I swore to you by the LORD God of Israel, saying, ‘Assuredly Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne in my place,’ so I certainly will do this day.”
31 Then Bathsheba bowed with her face to the earth, and paid homage to the king, and said, a“Let my lord King David live forever!”
32 And King David said, “Call to me Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada.” So they came before the king.
33 The king also said to them, a“Take with you the servants of your lord, and have Solomon my son ride

21 aDeut.
31:16; 2 Sam.
7:12; 1 Kin.
2:10
25 a1 Kin. 1:9,
19 b1 Sam.
10:24 1Lit. Let
King Adonijah
live
29 a2 Sam. 4:9;
12:5
30 a1 Kin. 1:13,
17
31 aNeh. 2:3;
Dan. 2:4; 3:9
33 a2 Sam.
20:6 bEsth. 6:8
c2 Chr. 32:30;
33:14 1A
spring east of
Jerusalem in
the Kidron
Valley
34 a1 Sam.
10:1; 16:3, 12;
2 Sam. 2:4;
5:3; 1 Kin.
19:16; 2 Kin.
9:3; 11:12;
1 Chr. 29:22
b2 Sam. 15:10;
2 Kin. 9:13;
11:14 1Lit. Let
King Solomon
live
36 aJer. 28:6
37 aJosh. 1:5,
17; 1 Sam.
20:13 b1 Kin.
1:47
38 a2 Sam.
8:18; 23:20–23
b2 Sam. 20:7;
1 Chr. 18:17
39 aEx. 30:23,
25, 32; Ps.
89:20 b1 Chr.
29:22 c1 Sam.
10:24 1Lit. Let
King Solomon
live
42 a2 Sam.
17:17, 20
b2 Sam. 18:27
46 a1 Kin. 2:12;
1 Chr. 29:23
47 a1 Kin. 1:37
bGen. 47:31

on my own bmule, and take him down to cGihon.1
34 “There let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet aanoint him king over Israel; and bblow the horn, and say, 1‘Long live King Solomon!’
35 “Then you shall come up after him, and he shall come and sit on my throne, and he shall be king in my place. For I have appointed him to be ruler over Israel and Judah.”
36 Benaiah the son of Jehoiada answered the king and said, a“Amen! May the LORD God of my lord the king say so too.
37 a“As the LORD has been with my lord the king, even so may He be with Solomon, and bmake his throne greater than the throne of my lord King David.”
38 So Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, aBenaiah the son of Jehoiada, the bCherethites, and the Pelethites went down and had Solomon ride on King David’s mule, and took him to Gihon.
39 Then Zadok the priest took a horn of aoil from the tabernacle and banointed Solomon. And they blew the horn, cand all the people said, 1“Long live King Solomon!”
40 And all the people went up after him; and the people played the flutes and rejoiced with great joy, so that the earth seemed to split with their sound.
41 Now Adonijah and all the guests who were with him heard it as they finished eating. And when Joab heard the sound of the horn, he said, “Why is the city in such a noisy uproar?”
42 While he was still speaking, there came aJonathan, the son of Abiathar the priest. And Adonijah said to him, “Come in, for byou are a prominent man, and bring good news.”
43 Then Jonathan answered and said to Adonijah, “No! Our lord King David has made Solomon king.
44 “The king has sent with him Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the Cherethites, and the Pelethites; and they have made him ride on the king’s mule.
45 “So Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king at Gihon; and they have gone up from there rejoicing, so that the city is in an uproar. This is the noise that you have heard.
46 “Also Solomon asits on the throne of the kingdom.
47 “And moreover the king’s servants have gone to bless our lord King David, saying, a‘May God make the name of Solomon better than your name, and may He make his throne greater than your throne.’ bThen the king bowed himself on the bed.

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48 “Also the king said thus, ‘Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, who has agiven one to sit on my throne this day, while my eyes see bit!’ ”
49 So all the guests who were with Adonijah were afraid, and arose, and each one went his way.
50 Now Adonijah was afraid of Solomon; so he arose, and went and atook hold of the horns of the altar.
51 And it was told Solomon, saying, “Indeed Adonijah is afraid of King Solomon; for look, he has taken hold of the horns of the altar, saying, ‘Let King Solomon swear to me today that he will not put his servant to death with the sword.’ ”
52 Then Solomon said, “If he proves himself a worthy man, anot one hair of him shall fall to the earth; but if wickedness is found in him, he shall die.”
53 So King Solomon sent them to bring him down from the altar. And he came and fell down before King Solomon; and Solomon said to him, “Go to your house.”

David’s Instructions to Solomon

2

1 Now athe days of David drew near that he should die, and he 1charged Solomon his son, saying:
2 a“I go the way of all the earth; bbe strong, therefore, and prove yourself a man.
3 “And keep the charge of the LORD your God: to walk in His ways, to keep His statutes, His commandments, His judgments, and His testimonies, as it is written in the Law of Moses, that you may aprosper in all that you do and wherever you turn;
4 “that the LORD may afulfill His word which He spoke concerning me, saying, b‘If your sons take heed to their way, to cwalk before Me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul,’ He said, d‘you shall not lack a man on the throne of Israel.’
5 “Moreover you know also what Joab the son of Zeruiah adid to me, and what he did to the two commanders of the armies of Israel, to bAbner the son of Ner and cAmasa the son of Jether, whom he killed. And he shed the blood of war in peacetime, and put the blood of war on his belt that was around his waist, and on his sandals that were on his feet.
6 “Therefore do aaccording to your wisdom, and do not let his gray hair go down to the grave in peace.
7 “But show kindness to the sons of aBarzillai the Gileadite, and let them be among those who beat at your table, for so cthey came to me when I fled from Absalom your brother.
8 “And see, you have with you aShimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite

48 a1 Kin. 3:6;
[Ps. 132:11,
12] b2 Sam.
7:12
50 aEx. 27:2;
30:10; 1 Kin.
2:28
52 a1 Sam.
14:45; 2 Sam.
14:11; Acts
27:34

CHAPTER 2 References

1 aGen. 47:29;
Deut. 31:14
1commanded
2 aJosh. 23:14
bDeut. 31:7,
23; 1 Chr.
22:13
3 a[Deut. 29:9;
Josh. 1:7];
1 Chr. 22:12,
13
4 a2 Sam. 7:25
b[Ps. 132:12] c2 Kin. 20:3
d2 Sam. 7:12,
13; 1 Kin. 8:25
5 a2 Sam. 3:39;
18:5, 12, 14
b2 Sam. 3:27;
1 Kin. 2:32
c2 Sam. 20:10
6 a1 Kin. 2:9;
Prov. 20:26
7 a2 Sam.
19:31–39
b2 Sam. 9:7,
10; 19:28
c2 Sam.
17:17–29
8 a2 Sam.
16:5–13
b2 Sam. 19:18
c2 Sam. 19:23
9 aEx. 20:7;
Job 9:28
bGen. 42:38;
44:31
10 a1 Kin. 1:21;
Acts 2:29;
13:36 b2 Sam.
5:7; 1 Kin. 3:1
1Died and
joined his
ancestors
11 a2 Sam. 5:4,
5; 1 Chr. 3:4;
29:26, 27
12 a1 Kin.
1:46; 1 Chr.
29:23 b2 Chr.
1:1
13 a1 Sam.
16:4, 5
15 a1 Kin. 1:11,
18 b1 Chr.
22:9, 10;
28:5–7; [Dan.
2:21] 16 1Lit. turn
away the face
17 a1 Kin.
1:3, 4
19 a[Ex. 20:12] bPs. 45:9
20 1Lit. turn
away the face
22 a1 Kin. 1:6;
2:15; 1 Chr.
3:2, 5 b1 Kin.
1:7

1 KINGS 2:22

from Bahurim, who cursed me with a malicious curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim. But bhe came down to meet me at the Jordan, and cI swore to him by the LORD, saying, ‘I will not put you to death with the sword.’
9 “Now therefore, ado not hold him guiltless, for you are a wise man and know what you ought to do to him; but bbring his gray hair down to the grave with blood.”

Death of David

10 So aDavid 1rested with his fathers, and was buried in bthe City of David.
11 The period that David areigned over Israel was forty years; seven years he reigned in Hebron, and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty-three years.
12 aThen Solomon sat on the throne of his father David; and his kingdom was bfirmly established.

Solomon Executes Adonijah

13 Now Adonijah the son of Haggith came to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon. So she said, a“Do you come peaceably?” And he said, “Peaceably.”
14 Moreover he said, “I have something to say to you.” And she said, “Say it.”
15 Then he said, “You know that the kingdom was amine, and all Israel had set their expectations on me, that I should reign. However, the kingdom has been turned over, and has become my brother’s; for bit was his from the LORD.
16 “Now I ask one petition of you; do not 1deny me.” And she said to him, “Say it.”
17 Then he said, “Please speak to King Solomon, for he will not refuse you, that he may give me aAbishag the Shunammite as wife.”
18 So Bathsheba said, “Very well, I will speak for you to the king.”
19 Bathsheba therefore went to King Solomon, to speak to him for Adonijah. And the king rose up to meet her and abowed down to her, and sat down on his throne and had a throne set for the king’s mother; bso she sat at his right hand.
20 Then she said, “I desire one small petition of you; do not 1refuse me.” And the king said to her, “Ask it, my mother, for I will not refuse you.”
21 So she said, “Let Abishag the Shunammite be given to Adonijah your brother as wife.”
22 And King Solomon answered and said to his mother, “Now why do you ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? Ask for him the kingdom also—for he is my aolder brother—for him, and for bAbiathar

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1 KINGS 2:23

the priest, and for Joab the son of Zeruiah.”
23 Then King Solomon swore by the LORD, saying, a“May God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah has not spoken this word against his own life!
24 “Now therefore, as the LORD lives, who has confirmed me and set me on the throne of David my father, and who has established a 1house for me, as He apromised, Adonijah shall be put to death today!”
25 So King Solomon sent by the hand of aBenaiah the son of Jehoiada; and he struck him down, and he died.

Abiathar Exiled, Joab Executed

26 And to Abiathar the priest the king said, “Go to aAnathoth, to your own fields, for 1you are deserving of death; but I will not put you to death at this time, bbecause you carried the ark of the Lord GOD before my father David, and because you were afflicted every time my father was afflicted.”
27 So Solomon removed Abiathar from being priest to the LORD, that he might afulfill the word of the LORD which He spoke concerning the house of Eli at Shiloh.
28 Then news came to Joab, for Joab ahad defected to Adonijah, though he had not defected to Absalom. So Joab fled to the tabernacle of the LORD, and btook hold of the horns of the altar.
29 And King Solomon was told, “Joab has fled to the tabernacle of the LORD; there he is, by the altar.” Then Solomon sent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, saying, “Go, astrike him down.”
30 So Benaiah went to the tabernacle of the LORD, and said to him, “Thus says the king, a‘Come out!’ ” And he said, “No, but I will die here.” And Benaiah brought back word to the king, saying, “Thus said Joab, and thus he answered me.”
31 Then the king said to him, a“Do as he has said, and strike him down and bury him, bthat you may take away from me and from the house of my father the innocent blood which Joab shed.
32 “So the LORD awill return his 1blood on his head, because he struck down two men more righteous band better than he, and killed them with the sword—cAbner the son of Ner, the commander of the army of Israel, and dAmasa the son of Jether, the commander of the army of Judah—though my father David did not know it.
33 “Their blood shall therefore return upon the head of Joab and aupon the head of his descendants forever. bBut upon David and his descendants, upon his house and his

23 aRuth 1:17
24 a2 Sam.
7:11, 13;
1 Chr. 22:10
1Royal
dynasty
25 a2 Sam.
8:18; 1 Kin.
4:4
26 aJosh.
21:18; Jer. 1:1
b1 Sam. 22:23;
23:6; 2 Sam.
15:14, 29 1Lit.
you are a
man of death
27 a1 Sam.
2:31–35
28 a1 Kin. 1:7
b1 Kin. 1:50
29 a1 Kin.
2:5, 6
30 a[Ex. 21:14] 31 a[Ex. 21:14] b[Num. 35:33;
Deut. 19:13;
21:8, 9] 32 a[Gen. 9:6];
Judg. 9:24, 57
b2 Chr. 21:13,
14 c2 Sam.
3:27 d2 Sam.
20:9, 10 1Or
bloodshed
33 a2 Sam.
3:29 b[Prov.
25:5] 35 a1 Sam.
2:35; 1 Kin.
4:4; 1 Chr.
6:53; 24:3;
29:22 b1 Kin.
2:27
36 a2 Sam.
16:5–13;
1 Kin. 2:8
37 a2 Sam.
15:23; 2 Kin.
23:6; John
18:1 bLev.
20:9; Josh.
2:19; 2 Sam.
1:16; Ezek.
18:13 1Or
bloodshed
39 a1 Sam.
27:2
44 a2 Sam.
16:5–13
b1 Sam. 25:39;
2 Kin. 11:1,
12–16; Ps.
7:16; Ezek.
17:19
45 a2 Sam.
7:13; [Prov.
25:5] 46 a1 Kin. 2:12;
2 Chr. 1:1

CHAPTER 3 References

1 a1 Kin. 7:8;
9:24 b2 Sam.
5:7 1an
alliance

throne, there shall be peace forever from the LORD.”
34 So Benaiah the son of Jehoiada went up and struck and killed him; and he was buried in his own house in the wilderness.
35 The king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his place over the army, and the king put aZadok the priest in the place of bAbiathar.

Shimei Executed

36 Then the king sent and called for aShimei, and said to him, “Build yourself a house in Jerusalem and dwell there, and do not go out from there anywhere.
37 “For it shall be, on the day you go out and cross athe Brook Kidron, know for certain you shall surely die; byour 1blood shall be on your own head.”
38 And Shimei said to the king, “The saying is good. As my lord the king has said, so your servant will do.” So Shimei dwelt in Jerusalem many days.
39 Now it happened at the end of three years, that two slaves of Shimei ran away to aAchish the son of Maachah, king of Gath. And they told Shimei, saying, “Look, your slaves are in Gath!”
40 So Shimei arose, saddled his donkey, and went to Achish at Gath to seek his slaves. And Shimei went and brought his slaves from Gath.
41 And Solomon was told that Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to Gath and had come back.
42 Then the king sent and called for Shimei, and said to him, “Did I not make you swear by the LORD, and warn you, saying, ‘Know for certain that on the day you go out and travel anywhere, you shall surely die’? And you said to me, ‘The word I have heard is good.’
43 “Why then have you not kept the oath of the LORD and the commandment that I gave you?”
44 The king said moreover to Shimei, “You know, as your heart acknowledges, aall the wickedness that you did to my father David; therefore the LORD will breturn your wickedness on your own head.
45 “But King Solomon shall be blessed, and athe throne of David shall be established before the LORD forever.”
46 So the king commanded Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; and he went out and struck him down, and he died. Thus the akingdom was established in the hand of Solomon.

Solomon Requests Wisdom

3

1 Now aSolomon made 1a treaty with Pharaoh king of Egypt, and married Pharaoh’s daughter; then he brought her bto the City of David un-

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til he had finished building his cown house, and dthe house of the LORD, and ethe wall all around Jerusalem.
2 aMeanwhile the people sacrificed at the high places, because there was no house built for the name of the LORD until those days.
3 And Solomon aloved the LORD, bwalking in the statutes of his father David, except that he sacrificed and burned incense at the high places.
4 Now athe king went to Gibeon to sacrifice there, bfor that was the great high place: Solomon offered a thousand burnt offerings on that altar.
5 aAt Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon bin a dream by night; and God said, “Ask! What shall I give you?”
6 aAnd Solomon said: “You have shown great mercy to Your servant David my father, because he bwalked before You in truth, in righteousness, and in uprightness of heart with You; You have continued this great kindness for him, and You chave given him a son to sit on his throne, as it is this day.
7 “Now, O LORD my God, You have made Your servant king instead of my father David, but I am a alittle child; I do not know how bto go out or come in.
8 “And Your servant is in the midst of Your people whom You ahave chosen, a great people, btoo numerous to be numbered or counted.
9 a“Therefore give to Your servant an 1understanding heart bto judge Your people, that I may cdiscern between good and evil. For who is able to judge this great people of Yours?”
10 The speech pleased the Lord, that Solomon had asked this thing.
11 Then God said to him: “Because you have asked this thing, and have anot asked long life for yourself, nor have asked riches for yourself, nor have asked the life of your enemies, but have asked for yourself understanding to discern justice,
12 a“behold, I have done according to your words; bsee, I have given you a wise and understanding heart, so that there has not been anyone like you before you, nor shall any like you arise after you.
13 “And I have also agiven you what you have not asked: both briches and honor, so that there shall not be anyone like you among the kings all your days.
14 “So aif you walk in My ways, to keep My statutes and My commandments, bas your father David walked, then I will clengthen1 your days.”
15 Then Solomon aawoke; and indeed it had been a dream. And he came to Jerusalem and stood before the ark of the covenant of the LORD, offered up burnt offerings, offered

1 c1 Kin. 7:1
d1 Kin. 6
e1 Kin. 9:15,
19
2 a[Deut.
12:2–5, 13, 14];
1 Kin. 11:7;
22:43
3 a[Rom. 8:28] b[1 Kin. 3:6,
14] 4 a1 Kin. 9:2;
2 Chr. 1:3
b1 Chr. 16:39;
21:29
5 a1 Kin. 9:2;
11:9; 2 Chr.
1:7 bNum.
12:6; Matt.
1:20; 2:13
6 a2 Chr. 1:8
b1 Kin. 2:4;
9:4; 2 Kin.
20:3 c2 Sam.
7:8–17; 1 Kin.
1:48
7 a1 Chr. 22:5;
Jer. 1:6, 7
bNum. 27:17;
2 Sam. 5:2
8 a[Ex. 19:6;
Deut. 7:6] bGen. 13:6;
15:5; 22:17
9 a2 Chr. 1:10;
[James 1:5] bPs. 72:1, 2
c2 Sam. 14:17;
Is. 7:15; [Heb.
5:14] 1Lit.
hearing
11 a[James 4:3] 12 a[1 John
5:14, 15] b1 Kin.
4:29–31; 5:12;
10:24; Eccl.
1:16
13 a[Matt. 6:33;
Eph. 3:20] b1 Kin. 4:21,
24; 10:23;
1 Chr. 29:12
14 a[1 Kin.
6:12] b1 Kin.
15:5 cPs.
91:16; Prov.
3:2 1prolong
15 aGen. 41:7
bGen. 40:20;
1 Kin. 8:65;
Esth. 1:3;
Dan. 5:1;
Mark 6:21
16 aNum. 27:2
18 1Lit. no
stranger
26 aGen. 43:30;
Is. 49:15; Jer.
31:20; Hos.
11:8
28 a1 Kin. 3:9,
11, 12; 2 Chr.
1:12; Dan.
1:17; [Col.
2:2, 3]

peace offerings, and bmade a feast for all his servants.

Solomon’s Wise Judgment

16 Now two women who were harlots came to the king, and astood before him.
17 And one woman said, “O my lord, this woman and I dwell in the same house; and I gave birth while she was in the house.
18 “Then it happened, the third day after I had given birth, that this woman also gave birth. And we were together; 1no one was with us in the house, except the two of us in the house.
19 “And this woman’s son died in the night, because she lay on him.
20 “So she arose in the middle of the night and took my son from my side, while your maidservant slept, and laid him in her bosom, and laid her dead child in my bosom.
21 “And when I rose in the morning to nurse my son, there he was, dead. But when I had examined him in the morning, indeed, he was not my son whom I had borne.”
22 Then the other woman said, “No! But the living one is my son, and the dead one is your son.” And the first woman said, “No! But the dead one is your son, and the living one is my son.” Thus they spoke before the king.
23 And the king said, “The one says, ‘This is my son, who lives, and your son is the dead one’; and the other says, ‘No! But your son is the dead one, and my son is the living one.’ ”
24 Then the king said, “Bring me a sword.” So they brought a sword before the king.
25 And the king said, “Divide the living child in two, and give half to one, and half to the other.”
26 Then the woman whose son was living spoke to the king, for ashe yearned with compassion for her son; and she said, “O my lord, give her the living child, and by no means kill him!” But the other said, “Let him be neither mine nor yours, but divide him.”
27 So the king answered and said, “Give the first woman the living child, and by no means kill him; she is his mother.”
28 And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had rendered; and they feared the king, for they saw that the awisdom of God was in him to administer justice.

page 524

PSALM 94

God the Refuge of the Righteous

1 O LORD God, ato whom vengeance belongs— O God, to whom vengeance belongs, shine forth!
2 Rise up, O aJudge of the earth; 1Render punishment to the proud.
3 LORD, ahow long will the wicked, How long will the wicked triumph?

4 They autter speech, and speak insolent things; All the workers of iniquity boast in themselves.
5 They break in pieces Your people, O LORD, And afflict Your heritage.
6 They slay the widow and the stranger, And murder the fatherless.
7 aYet they say, “The LORD does not see, Nor does the God of Jacob 1understand.”

8 Understand, you senseless among the people; And you fools, when will you be wise?
9 aHe who planted the ear, shall He not hear? He who formed the eye, shall He not see?
10 He who 1instructs the 2nations, shall He not correct, He who teaches man knowledge?
11 The LORD aknows the thoughts of man, That they are futile.

12 Blessed is the man whom You ainstruct, O LORD, And teach out of Your law,

PSALM 94 References

1 aDeut. 32:35;
[Is. 35:4; Nah.
1:2; Rom.
12:19] 2 a[Gen. 18:25] 1Repay with
3 a[Job 20:5] 4 aPs. 31:18;
Jude 15
7 aJob 22:13;
Ps. 10:11 1pay
attention
9 a[Ex. 4:11;
Prov. 20:12] 10 1disciplines
2Gentiles
11 aJob 11:11;
1 Cor. 3:20
12 a[Deut. 8:5;
Job 5:17; Ps.
119:71; Prov.
3:11, 12; Heb.
12:5, 6] 13 1relief
14 1abandon
20 aAmos 6:3
21 a[Ex. 23:7];
Ps. 106:38;
[Prov. 17:15];
Matt. 27:4
23 1destroy
them

13 That You may give him 1rest from the days of adversity, Until the pit is dug for the wicked.
14 For the LORD will not 1cast off His people, Nor will He forsake His inheritance.
15 But judgment will return to righteousness, And all the upright in heart will follow it.

16 Who will rise up for me against the evildoers? Who will stand up for me against the workers of iniquity?
17 Unless the LORD had been my help, My soul would soon have settled in silence.
18 If I say, “My foot slips,” Your mercy, O LORD, will hold me up.
19 In the multitude of my anxieties within me, Your comforts delight my soul.

20 Shall athe throne of iniquity, which devises evil by law, Have fellowship with You?
21 They gather together against the life of the righteous, And condemn ainnocent blood.
22 But the LORD has been my defense, And my God the rock of my refuge.
23 He has brought on them their own iniquity, And shall 1cut them off in their own wickedness; The LORD our God shall cut them off.

 
 

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