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Rise & Fall of Israel’s Kingdom

(Category 7 of 16)

page 324

The Second Book of the

KINGS

THE Book of Second Kings continues the drama begun in First Kings—the
tragic history of two nations on a collision course with captivity. The author
systematically traces the reigning monarchs of Israel and Judah, first by carrying
one nation’s history forward, then retracing the same period for the other nation.
Nineteen consecutive evil kings rule in Israel, leading to the captivity by Assyria.
The picture is somewhat brighter in Judah, where godly kings occasionally
emerge to reform the evils of their predecessors. In the end, however, sin outweighs
righteousness and Judah is marched off to Babylon.
 

God Judges Ahaziah

1

1 MOAB arebelled against Israel bafter the death of Ahab.
2 Now aAhaziah fell through the lattice of his upper room in Samaria, and was injured; so he sent messengers and said to them, “Go, inquire of bBaal-Zebub,1 the god of cEkron, whether I shall recover from this injury.”
3 But the 1angel of the LORD said to Elijah the Tishbite, “Arise, go up to meet the messengers of the king of Samaria, and say to them, ‘Is it because there is no God in Israel that you are going to inquire of Baal-Zebub, the god of Ekron?’
4 “Now therefore, thus says the LORD: ‘You shall not come down from the bed to which you have gone up, but you shall surely die.’ ” So Elijah departed.
5 And when the messengers returned to 1him, he said to them, “Why have you come back?”
6 So they said to him, “A man came up to meet us, and said to us, ‘Go, return to the king who sent you, and say to him, “Thus says the LORD: ‘Is it because there is no God in Israel that you are sending to inquire of Baal-Zebub, the god of Ekron? Therefore you shall not come down from the bed to which you have gone up, but you shall surely die.’ ” ’ ”
7 Then he said to them, “What kind of man was it who came up to meet you and told you these words?”
8 So they answered him, a“A hairy man wearing a leather belt around his waist.” And he said, b“It is Elijah the Tishbite.”
9 Then the king sent to him a captain of fifty with his fifty men. So he went up to him; and there he was, sitting on the top of a hill. And he spoke to him: “Man of God, the king has said, ‘Come down!’ ”
10 So Elijah answered and said to the captain of fifty, “If I am a man of God, then alet fire come down from heaven and consume you and your fifty men.” And fire came down from heaven and consumed him and his fifty.

CHAPTER 1 References

1 a2 Sam. 8:2
b2 Kin. 3:5
2 a1 Kin. 22:40
b2 Kin. 1:3, 6,
16; Matt.
10:25; Mark
3:22 c1 Sam.
5:10 1Lit. Lord
of Flies
3 1Or Angel
5 1Ahaziah
8 aZech. 13:4;
Matt. 3:4;
Mark 1:6
b1 Kin. 18:7
10 a1 Kin.
18:36–38;
Luke 9:54
13 a1 Sam.
26:21; Ps.
72:14 1Lit.
bowed down
15 1Or Angel
17 a1 Kin.
22:50; 2 Kin.
8:16; Matt. 1:8
1The son of
Ahab king of
Israel, 2 Kin.
3:1

CHAPTER 2 References

1 aGen. 5:24;
[Heb. 11:5] b1 Kin.
19:16–21
2 aRuth 1:15,
16

11 Then he sent to him another captain of fifty with his fifty men. And he answered and said to him: “Man of God, thus has the king said, ‘Come down quickly!’ ”
12 So Elijah answered and said to them, “If I am a man of God, let fire come down from heaven and consume you and your fifty men.” And the fire of God came down from heaven and consumed him and his fifty.
13 Again, he sent a third captain of fifty with his fifty men. And the third captain of fifty went up, and came and 1fell on his knees before Elijah, and pleaded with him, and said to him: “Man of God, please let my life and the life of these fifty servants of yours abe precious in your sight.
14 “Look, fire has come down from heaven and burned up the first two captains of fifties with their fifties. But let my life now be precious in your sight.”
15 And the 1angel of the LORD said to Elijah, “Go down with him; do not be afraid of him.” So he arose and went down with him to the king.
16 Then he said to him, “Thus says the LORD: ‘Because you have sent messengers to inquire of Baal– Zebub, the god of Ekron, is it because there is no God in Israel to inquire of His word? Therefore you shall not come down from the bed to which you have gone up, but you shall surely die.’ ”
17 So Ahaziah died according to the word of the LORD which Elijah had spoken. Because he had no son, aJehoram1 became king in his place, in the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah.
18 Now the rest of the acts of Ahaziah which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

Elijah Ascends to Heaven

2

1 And it came to pass, when the LORD was about to atake up Elijah into heaven by a whirlwind, that Elijah went with bElisha from Gilgal.
2 Then Elijah said to Elisha, a“Stay here, please, for the LORD has sent

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me on to Bethel.” But Elisha said, “As the LORD lives, and bas your soul lives, I will not leave you!” So they went down to Bethel.
3 Now athe sons of the prophets who were at Bethel came out to Elisha, and said to him, “Do you know that the LORD will take away your master 1from over you today?” And he said, “Yes, I know; keep silent!”
4 Then Elijah said to him, “Elisha, stay here, please, for the LORD has sent me on to Jericho.” But he said, “As the LORD lives, and as your soul lives, I will not leave you!” So they came to Jericho.
5 Now the sons of the prophets who were at Jericho came to Elisha and said to him, “Do you know that the LORD will take away your master from over you today?” So he answered, “Yes, I know; keep silent!”
6 Then Elijah said to him, “Stay here, please, for the LORD has sent me on to the Jordan.” But he said, “As the LORD lives, and as your soul lives, I will not leave you!” So the two of them went on.
7 And fifty men of the sons of the prophets went and stood facing them at a distance, while the two of them stood by the Jordan.
8 Now Elijah took his mantle, rolled it up, and struck the water; and ait was divided this way and that, so that the two of them crossed over on dry bground.
9 And so it was, when they had crossed over, that Elijah said to Elisha, “Ask! What may I do for you, before I am taken away from you?” Elisha said, “Please let a double portion of your spirit be upon me.”
10 So he said, “You have asked a hard thing. Nevertheless, if you see me when I am taken from you, it shall be so for you; but if not, it shall not be so.”
11 Then it happened, as they continued on and talked, that suddenly aa chariot of fire appeared with horses of fire, and separated the two of them; and Elijah bwent up by a whirlwind into heaven.
12 And Elisha saw it, and he cried out, a“My father,my father, the chariot of Israel and its horsemen!” So he saw him no more. And he took hold of his own clothes and tore them into two pieces.
13 He also took up the mantle of Elijah that had fallen from him, and went back and stood by the bank of the Jordan.
14 Then he took the mantle of Elijah that had fallen from him, and struck the water, and said, “Where is the LORD God of Elijah?” And when he also had struck the water, ait was divided this way and that; and Elisha crossed over.
15 Now when the sons of the prophets who were afrom1 Jericho saw

2 b1 Sam. 1:26;
2 Kin. 2:4, 6;
4:30
3 a1 Kin.
20:35; 2 Kin.
2:5, 7, 15; 4:1,
38; 9:1 1Lit.
from your
head
8 aEx. 14:21,
22; Josh. 3:16;
2 Kin. 2:14
bJosh. 3:17
11 a2 Kin. 6:17;
Ps. 104:4
bGen. 5:24;
Heb. 11:5
12 a2 Kin.
13:14
14 a2 Kin. 2:8
15 a2 Kin. 2:7
1Or at Jericho
opposite him
saw
16 a1 Kin.
18:12; Ezek.
8:3; Acts 8:39
17 a2 Kin. 8:11
21 aEx. 15:25,
26; 2 Kin.
4:41; 6:6; John
9:6 1purified
22 aEzek.
47:8, 9
24 aDeut.
27:13–26
25 a1 Kin.
18:19, 20;
2 Kin. 4:25

CHAPTER 3 References

1 a2 Kin. 1:17
2 a1 Kin.
16:31, 32
3 a1 Kin.
12:28–32
4 a2 Sam. 8:2

2 KINGS 3:4

him, they said, “The spirit of Elijah rests on Elisha.” And they came to meet him, and bowed to the ground before him.
16 Then they said to him, “Look now, there are fifty strong men with your servants. Please let them go and search for your master, alest perhaps the Spirit of the LORD has taken him up and cast him upon some mountain or into some valley.” And he said, “You shall not send anyone.”
17 But when they urged him till he was aashamed, he said, “Send them!” Therefore they sent fifty men, and they searched for three days but did not find him.
18 And when they came back to him, for he had stayed in Jericho, he said to them, “Did I not say to you, ‘Do not go’?”

Elisha Performs Miracles

19 Then the men of the city said to Elisha, “Please notice, the situation of this city is pleasant, as my lord sees; but the water is bad, and the ground barren.”
20 And he said, “Bring me a new bowl, and put salt in it.” So they brought it to him.
21 Then he went out to the source of the water, and acast in the salt there, and said, “Thus says the LORD: ‘I have 1healed this water; from it there shall be no more death or barrenness.’ ”
22 So the water remains ahealed to this day, according to the word of Elisha which he spoke.
23 Then he went up from there to Bethel; and as he was going up the road, some youths came from the city and mocked him, and said to him, “Go up, you baldhead! Go up, you baldhead!”
24 So he turned around and looked at them, and apronounced a curse on them in the name of the LORD. And two female bears came out of the woods and mauled forty-two of the youths.
25 Then he went from there to aMount Carmel, and from there he returned to Samaria.

Moab Rebels Against Israel

3

1 Now aJehoram the son of Ahab became king over Israel at Samaria in the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned twelve years.
2 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, but not like his father and mother; for he put away the sacred pillar of Baal athat his father had made.
3 Nevertheless he persisted in athe sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who had made Israel sin; he did not depart from them.
4 Now Mesha king of Moab was a sheepbreeder, and he aregularly

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2 KINGS 3:5

paid the king of Israel one hundred thousand blambs and the wool of one hundred thousand rams.
5 But it happened, when aAhab died, that the king of Moab rebelled against the king of Israel.
6 So King Jehoram went out of Samaria at that time and mustered all Israel.
7 Then he went and sent to Jehoshaphat king of Judah, saying, “The king of Moab has rebelled against me. Will you go with me to fight against Moab?” And he said, “I will go up; aI am as you are, my people as your people, my horses as your horses.”
8 Then he said, “Which way shall we go up?” And he answered, “By way of the Wilderness of Edom.”
9 So the king of Israel went with the king of Judah and the king of Edom, and they marched on that roundabout route seven days; and there was no water for the army, nor for the animals that followed them.
10 And the king of Israel said, “Alas! For the LORD has called these three kings together to deliver them into the hand of Moab.”
11 But aJehoshaphat said, “Is there no prophet of the LORD here, that we may inquire of the LORD by him?” So one of the servants of the king of Israel answered and said, “Elisha the son of Shaphat is here, who bpoured1 water on the hands of Elijah.”
12 And Jehoshaphat said, “The word of the LORD is with him.” So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat and the king of Edom awent down to him.
13 Then Elisha said to the king of Israel, a“What have I to do with you? bGo to cthe prophets of your father and the dprophets of your mother.” But the king of Israel said to him, “No, for the LORD has called these three kings together to deliver them into the hand of Moab.”
14 And Elisha said, a“As the LORD of hosts lives, before whom I stand, surely were it not that I regard the presence of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, I would not look at you, nor see you.
15 “But now bring me aa musician.” Then it happened, when the musician bplayed, that cthe hand of the LORD came upon him.
16 And he said, “Thus says the LORD: a‘Make this valley full of 1ditches.’
17 “For thus says the LORD: ‘You shall not see wind, nor shall you see rain; yet that valley shall be filled with water, so that you, your cattle, and your animals may drink.’
18 “And this is a simple matter in the sight of the LORD; He will also deliver the Moabites into your hand.
19 “Also you shall attack every for-

4 bIs. 16:1, 2
5 a2 Kin. 1:1
7 a1 Kin. 22:4
11 a1 Kin. 22:7
b1 Kin. 19:21;
[John 13:4, 5,
13, 14] 1Was
the personal
servant of
12 a2 Kin. 2:25
13 a[Ezek.
14:3] bJudg.
10:14; Ruth
1:15 c1 Kin.
22:6–11
d1 Kin. 18:19
14 a1 Kin. 17:1;
2 Kin. 5:16
15 a1 Sam.
10:5 b1 Sam.
16:16, 23;
1 Chr. 25:1
cEzek. 1:3;
3:14, 22; 8:1
16 aJer. 14:3
1water canals
20 aEx. 29:39,
40
21 1summoned
25 aIs. 16:7,
11; Jer.
48:31, 36
27 a[Deut.
18:10; Amos
2:1; Mic. 6:7] b2 Kin. 8:20
1wrath

tified city and every choice city, and shall cut down every good tree, and stop up every spring of water, and ruin every good piece of land with stones.”
20 Now it happened in the morning, when athe grain offering was offered, that suddenly water came by way of Edom, and the land was filled with water.
21 And when all the Moabites heard that the kings had come up to fight against them, all who were able to bear arms and older were 1gathered; and they stood at the border.
22 Then they rose up early in the morning, and the sun was shining on the water; and the Moabites saw the water on the other side as red as blood.
23 And they said, “This is blood; the kings have surely struck swords and have killed one another; now therefore, Moab, to the spoil!”
24 So when they came to the camp of Israel, Israel rose up and attacked the Moabites, so that they fled before them; and they entered their land, killing the Moabites.
25 Then they destroyed the cities, and each man threw a stone on every good piece of land and filled it; and they stopped up all the springs of water and cut down all the good trees. But they left the stones of aKir Haraseth intact. However the slingers surrounded and attacked it.
26 And when the king of Moab saw that the battle was too fierce for him, he took with him seven hundred men who drew swords, to break through to the king of Edom, but they could not.
27 Then ahe took his eldest son who would have reigned in his place, and offered him as a burnt offering upon the wall; and there was great 1indignation against Israel. bSo they departed from him and returned to their own land.

page 527

PSALM 101

Promised Faithfulness to the LORD
A Psalm of David.

1 I WILL sing of mercy and justice; To You, O LORD, I will sing praises.

2 I will behave wisely in a 1perfect way. Oh, when will You come to me? I will awalk within my house with a perfect heart.

3 I will set nothing 1wicked before my eyes; aI hate the work of those bwho fall away; It shall not cling to me.
4 A perverse heart shall depart from me; I will not aknow wickedness.

PSALM 101 References

2 a1 Kin. 11:4
1blameless
3 aPs. 97:10
bJosh. 23:6
1worthless
4 a[Ps.
119:115] 5 aProv. 6:17
6 1blameless
7 1Lit. be established
8 a[Ps. 75:10];
Jer. 21:12 bPs.
48:2, 8

5 Whoever secretly slanders his neighbor, Him I will destroy; aThe one who has a haughty look and a proud heart, Him I will not endure.

6 My eyes shall be on the faithful of the land, That they may dwell with me; He who walks in a 1perfect way, He shall serve me.
7 He who works deceit shall not dwell within my house; He who tells lies shall not 1continue in my presence.
8 aEarly I will destroy all the wicked of the land, That I may cut off all the evildoers bfrom the city of the LORD.

 
 

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