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Rise & Fall of Israel’s Kingdom

(Category 7 of 16)

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Josiah Restores True Worship


1 Now athe king sent them to gather all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem to him.
2 The king went up to the house of the LORD with all the men of Judah, and with him all the inhabitants of Jerusalem—the priests and the prophets and all the people, both small and great. And he aread in their hearing all the words of the Book of the Covenant bwhich had been found in the house of the LORD.
3 Then the king astood by a pillar and made a bcovenant before the LORD, to follow the LORD and to keep His commandments and His testimonies and His statutes, with all his heart and all his soul, to perform the words of this covenant that were written in this book. And all the people took a stand for the covenant.
4 And the king commanded Hilkiah the high priest, the apriests of the second order, and the doorkeepers, to bring bout of the temple of the LORD all the articles that were made for Baal, for 1Asherah, and for all 2the host of heaven; and he burned them outside Jerusalem in the fields of Kidron, and carried their ashes to Bethel.
5 Then he removed the idolatrous priests whom the kings of Judah had ordained to burn incense on the high places in the cities of Judah and in the places all around Jerusalem, and those who burned incense to Baal,

CHAPTER 23 References

1 a2 Chr.
34:29, 30
2 aDeut.
b2 Kin. 22:8
3 a2 Kin. 11:14
b2 Kin. 11:17
4 a2 Kin. 25:18
b2 Kin. 21:3–7
1A Canaanite
goddess 2The
gods of the
5 a2 Kin. 21:3
1Of the Zodiac
6 a2 Kin. 21:7
bEx. 32:20
c2 Chr. 34:4
Asherah, a
7 a1 Kin.
14:24; 15:12
bEzek. 16:16
cEx. 38:8 1Lit.
houses 2Heb.
those practicing
and prostitution
religious rituals
8 aJosh. 21:17
9 a[Ezek.
44:10–14] b1 Sam. 2:36
10 aIs. 30:33
bJosh. 15:8
c[Lev. 18:21] d2 Kin. 21:6
1Kt. Sons
11 1given
12 aJer. 19:13
b2 Kin. 21:5
13 a1 Kin.
11:5–7 1Places
for pagan
worship 2Lit.
right of 3The
Mount of
14 a[Ex. 23:24] 15 a1 Kin.
12:28–33 1A
place for pagan

to the sun, to the moon, to the 1constellations, and to aall the host of heaven.
6 And he brought out the awooden1 image from the house of the LORD, to the Brook Kidron outside Jerusalem, burned it at the Brook Kidron and ground it to bashes, and threw its ashes on cthe graves of the common people.
7 Then he tore down the ritual 1booths aof the 2perverted persons that were in the house of the LORD, bwhere the cwomen wove hangings for the wooden image.
8 And he brought all the priests from the cities of Judah, and defiled the high places where the priests had burned incense, from aGeba to Beersheba; also he broke down the high places at the gates which were at the entrance of the Gate of Joshua the governor of the city, which were to the left of the city gate.
9 aNevertheless the priests of the high places did not come up to the altar of the LORD in Jerusalem, bbut they ate unleavened bread among their brethren.
10 And he defiled aTopheth, which is in bthe Valley of the 1Son of Hinnom, cthat no man might make his son or his daughter dpass through the fire to Molech.
11 Then he removed the horses that the kings of Judah had 1dedicated to the sun, at the entrance to the house of the LORD, by the chamber of Nathan-Melech, the officer who was in the court; and he burned the chariots of the sun with fire.
12 The altars that were aon the roof, the upper chamber of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars which bManasseh had made in the two courts of the house of the LORD, the king broke down and pulverized there, and threw their dust into the Brook Kidron.
13 Then the king defiled the 1high places that were east of Jerusalem, which were on the 2south of 3the Mount of Corruption, which aSolomon king of Israel had built for Ashtoreth the abomination of the Sidonians, for Chemosh the abomination of the Moabites, and for Milcom the abomination of the people of Ammon.
14 And he abroke in pieces the sacred pillars and cut down the wooden images, and filled their places with the bones of men.
15 Moreover the altar that was at Bethel, and the 1high place awhich Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel sin, had made, both that altar and the high place he broke down; and he burned the high place and crushed it to powder, and burned the wooden image.
16 As Josiah turned, he saw the tombs that were there on the moun-

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tain. And he sent and took the bones out of the tombs and burned them on the altar, and defiled it according to the aword of the LORD which the man of God proclaimed, who proclaimed these words.
17 Then he said, “What gravestone is this that I see?” So the men of the city told him, “It is athe tomb of the man of God who came from Judah and proclaimed these things which you have done against the altar of Bethel.”
18 And he said, “Let him alone; let no one move his bones.” So they let his bones alone, with the bones of athe prophet who came from Samaria.
19 Now Josiah also took away all the 1shrines of the 2high places that were ain the cities of Samaria,which the kings of Israel had made to provoke 3the LORD to anger; and he did to them according to all the deeds he had done in Bethel.
20 aHe bexecuted all the priests of the 1high places who were there, on the altars, and cburned men’s bones on them; and he returned to Jerusalem.
21 Then the king commanded all the people, saying, a“Keep the Passover to the LORD your God, bas it is written in this Book of the Covenant.”
22 aSuch a Passover surely had never been held since the days of the judges who judged Israel, nor in all the days of the kings of Israel and the kings of Judah.
23 But in the eighteenth year of King Josiah this Passover was held before the LORD in Jerusalem.
24 Moreover Josiah put away those who consulted mediums and spiritists, the household gods and idols, all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, that he might perform the words of athe law which were written in the book bthat Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD.
25 aNow before him there was no king like him, who turned to the LORD with all his heart, with all his soul, and with all his might, according to all the Law of Moses; nor after him did any arise like him.

Impending Judgment on Judah

26 Nevertheless the LORD did not turn from the fierceness of His great wrath, with which His anger was aroused against Judah, abecause of all the provocations with which Manasseh had provoked Him.
27 And the LORD said, “I will also remove Judah from My sight, as aI have removed Israel, and will cast off this city Jerusalem which I have chosen, and the house of which I said, b‘My name shall be there.’ ”

16 a1 Kin. 13:2
17 a1 Kin.
13:1, 30, 31
18 a1 Kin.
13:11, 31
19 a2 Chr.
34:6, 7 1Lit.
2Places for
pagan worship
3So with
LXX, Syr.,
Vg.; MT, Tg.
omit the
20 a1 Kin. 13:2
b2 Kin. 10:25;
11:18 c2 Chr.
34:5 1Places
for pagan
21 a2 Chr. 35:1
bDeut. 16:2–8
22 a2 Chr.
35:18, 19
24 a[Lev.
19:31; 20:27] b2 Kin. 22:8
25 a2 Kin. 18:5
26 aJer. 15:4
27 a2 Kin.
17:18, 20;
18:11; 21:13
b1 Kin. 8:29;
29 aJer. 2:16;
46:2 bZech.
12:11 c2 Kin.
14:8 1Or to
attack, Heb.
al can mean
together with
or against
30 a2 Chr.
35:24 b2 Chr.
31 aJer. 22:11
b2 Kin. 24:18
33 a2 Kin. 25:6
34 a2 Chr. 36:4
bDan. 1:7
cMatt. 1:11
dEzek. 19:3, 4
35 a2 Kin.
36 a2 Chr. 36:5

CHAPTER 24 References

1 aDan. 1:1
b2 Kin. 20:14
2 aJer. 25:9;
32:28; 35:11

2 KINGS 24:2

Josiah Dies in Battle

28 Now the rest of the acts of Josiah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
29 aIn his days Pharaoh Necho king of Egypt went 1to the aid of the king of Assyria, to the River Euphrates; and King Josiah went against him. And Pharaoh Necho killed him at bMegiddo when he cconfronted him.
30 aThen his servants moved his body in a chariot from Megiddo, brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own tomb.And bthe people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, anointed him, and made him king in his father’s place.

The Reign and Captivity of Jehoahaz

31 aJehoahaz was twenty-three years old when he became king, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was bHamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.
32 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his fathers had done.
33 Now Pharaoh Necho put him in prison aat Riblah in the land of Hamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem; and he imposed on the land a tribute of one hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold.
34 Then aPharaoh Necho made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in place of his father Josiah, and bchanged his name to cJehoiakim. And Pharaoh took Jehoahaz dand went to Egypt, and 1he died there.

Jehoiakim Reigns in Judah

35 So Jehoiakim gave athe silver and gold to Pharaoh; but he taxed the land to give money according to the command of Pharaoh; he exacted the silver and gold from the people of the land, from every one according to his assessment, to give it to Pharaoh Necho.
36 aJehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Zebudah the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah.
37 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his fathers had done.

Judah Overrun by Enemies


1 In ahis days Nebuchadnezzar king of bBabylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his vassal for three years. Then he turned and rebelled against him.
2 aAnd the LORD sent against him raiding 1bands of Chaldeans, bands of Syrians, bands of Moabites, and bands of the people of Ammon; He

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2 KINGS 24:3

sent them against Judah to destroy it, baccording to the word of the LORD which He had spoken by His servants the prophets.
3 Surely at the commandment of the LORD this came upon Judah, to remove them from His sight abecause of the sins of Manasseh, according to all that he had done,
4 aand also because of the innocent blood that he had shed; for he had filled Jerusalem with innocent blood, which the LORD would not pardon.
5 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
6 aSo Jehoiakim rested with his fathers. Then Jehoiachin his son reigned in his place.
7 And athe king of Egypt did not come out of his land anymore, for bthe king of Babylon had taken all that belonged to the king of Egypt from the Brook of Egypt to the River Euphrates.

The Reign and Captivity of Jehoiachin

8 aJehoiachin1 was eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. His mother’s name was Nehushta the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem.
9 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his father had done.
10 aAt that time the servants of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against Jerusalem, and the city 1was besieged.
11 And Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came against the city, as his servants were besieging it.
12 aThen Jehoiachin king of Judah, his mother, his servants, his princes, and his officers went out to the king of Babylon; and the king of Babylon, bin the eighth year of his reign, took him prisoner.

The Captivity of Jerusalem

13 aAnd he carried out from there all the treasures of the house of the LORD and the treasures of the king’s house, and he bcut in pieces all the articles of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the LORD, cas the LORD had said.
14 Also ahe carried into captivity all Jerusalem: all the captains and all the mighty men of valor, bten thousand captives, and call the craftsmen and smiths. None remained except dthe poorest people of the land.
15 And ahe carried Jehoiachin captive to Babylon. The king’s mother, the king’s wives, his officers, and the mighty of the land he carried into captivity from Jerusalem to Babylon.
16 aAll the valiant men, seven thousand, and craftsmen and smiths, one

2 b2 Kin.
3 a2 Kin. 21:2,
11; 23:26
4 a2 Kin. 21:16
6 aJer. 22:18,
7 aJer. 37:5–7
bJer. 46:2
8 a2 Chr. 36:9
1 Chr. 3:16;
Jer. 24:1; or
Coniah, Jer.
22:24, 28
10 aDan. 1:1
1Lit. came
into siege
12 aJer.
22:24–30; 24:1;
29:1, 2 b2 Chr.
13 aIs. 39:6
bDan. 5:2, 3
cJer. 20:5
14 aJer. 24:1
b2 Kin. 24:16
c1 Sam. 13:19
d2 Kin. 25:12
15 aJer.
16 aJer. 52:28
17 aJer. 37:1
b2 Chr. 36:10
c2 Chr. 36:4
1Lit. his
18 aJer. 52:1
b2 Kin. 23:31
19 a2 Chr.
20 aEzek.

CHAPTER 25 References

1 aJer. 6:6;
3 aLam. 4:9, 10
4 aJer. 39:2
bEzek. 12:12
1Lit. he 2Or
Arabah, the
Jordan Valley
6 aJer. 52:9
7 aJer. 39:7
8 aJer. 52:12
b2 Kin. 24:12
cJer. 39:9
9 a2 Chr.
36:19 bJer.
39:8 cJer.

thousand, all who were strong and fit for war, these the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon.

Zedekiah Reigns in Judah

17 Then athe king of Babylon made Mattaniah, bJehoiachin’s1 uncle, king in his place, and cchanged his name to Zedekiah.
18 aZedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was bHamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.
19 aHe also did evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that Jehoiakim had done.
20 For because of the anger of the LORD this happened in Jerusalem and Judah, that He finally cast them out from His presence. aThen Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.

The Fall and Captivity of Judah


1 Now it came to pass ain the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, on the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and all his army came against Jerusalem and encamped against it; and they built a siege wall against it all around.
2 So the city was besieged until the eleventh year of King Zedekiah.
3 By the ninth day of the afourth month the famine had become so severe in the city that there was no food for the people of the land.
4 Then athe city wall was broken through, and all the men of war fled at night by way of the gate between two walls, which was by the king’s garden, even though the Chaldeans were still encamped all around against the city. And bthe king1 went by way of the 2plain.
5 But the army of the Chaldeans pursued the king, and they overtook him in the plains of Jericho. All his army was scattered from him.
6 So they took the king and brought him up to the king of Babylon aat Riblah, and they pronounced judgment on him.
7 Then they killed the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, aput1 out the eyes of Zedekiah, bound him with bronze fetters, and took him to Babylon.
8 And in the fifth month, aon the seventh day of the month (which was bthe nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon), cNebuzaradan the captain of the guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem.
9 aHe burned the house of the LORD band the king’s house; all the houses of Jerusalem, that is, all the houses of the great, che burned with fire.
10 And all the army of the Chaldeans who were with the captain of

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the guard abroke down the walls of Jerusalem all around.
11 Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive athe rest of the people who remained in the city and the defectors who had deserted to the king of Babylon, with the rest of the multitude.
12 But the captain of the guard aleft some of the poor of the land as vinedressers and farmers.
13 aThe bronze bpillars that were in the house of the LORD, and cthe carts and dthe bronze Sea that were in the house of the LORD, the Chaldeans broke in pieces, and ecarried their bronze to Babylon.
14 They also took away athe pots, the shovels, the trimmers, the spoons, and all the bronze utensils with which the priests ministered.
15 The firepans and the basins, the things of solid gold and solid silver, the captain of the guard took away.
16 The two pillars, one Sea, and the carts, which Solomon had made for the house of the LORD, athe bronze of all these articles was beyond measure.
17 aThe height of one pillar was 1eighteen cubits, and the capital on it was of bronze. The height of the capital was three cubits, and the network and pomegranates all around the capital were all of bronze. The second pillar was the same, with a network.
18 aAnd the captain of the guard took bSeraiah the chief priest, cZephaniah the second priest, and the three doorkeepers.
19 He also took out of the city an officer who had charge of the men of war, afive men of 1the king’s close associates who were found in the city, the chief recruiting officer of the army, who mustered the people of the land, and sixty men of the people of the land who were found in the city.
20 So Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, took these and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah.
21 Then the king of Babylon struck them and put them to death at Riblah in the land of Hamath. aThus Judah was carried away captive from its own land.

10 a2 Kin.
14:13; Neh.
11 aIs. 1:9;
Jer. 5:19; 39:9
12 a2 Kin.
24:14; Jer.
39:10; 40:7;
13 aJer. 52:17
b1 Kin. 7:15
c1 Kin. 7:27
d1 Kin. 7:23
e2 Kin. 20:17;
Jer. 27:19–22
14 aEx. 27:3;
1 Kin. 7:45
16 a1 Kin. 7:47
17 a1 Kin.
7:15–22; Jer.
52:21 1About
27 feet
18 aJer.
52:12–16, 24
b1 Chr. 6:14;
Ezra 7:1 cJer.
21:1; 29:25, 29
19 aEsth. 1:14;
Jer. 52:25 1Lit.
those seeing
the king’s
21 aLev. 26:33;
Deut. 28:36,
64; 2 Kin.
22 a2 Kin.
22:12 bIs. 1:9;
Jer. 40:5
23 aJer. 40:7–9
1Jezaniah, Jer.
25 aJer. 41:1–3
26 a2 Kin.
19:31; Jer.
27 a2 Kin.
24:12, 15; Jer.
bGen. 40:13,
20 1Lit. Man
of Marduk
29 a2 Sam. 9:7
30 1Lit.

2 KINGS 25:30

Gedaliah Made Governor of Judah

22 Then he made Gedaliah the son of aAhikam, the son of Shaphan, governor over bthe people who remained in the land of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had left.
23 Now when all the acaptains of the armies, they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had made Gedaliah governor, they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah—Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, Johanan the son of Careah, Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and 1Jaazaniah the son of a Maachathite, they and their men.
24 And Gedaliah took an oath before them and their men, and said to them, “Do not be afraid of the servants of the Chaldeans. Dwell in the land and serve the king of Babylon, and it shall be well with you.”
25 But ait happened in the seventh month that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the royal family, came with ten men and struck and killed Gedaliah, the Jews, as well as the Chaldeans who were with him at Mizpah.
26 And all the people, small and great, and the captains of the armies, arose aand went to Egypt; for they were afraid of the Chaldeans.

Jehoiachin Released from Prison

27 aNow it came to pass in the thirtyseventh year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on the twentyseventh day of the month, that 1Evil-Merodach king of Babylon, in the year that he began to reign, breleased Jehoiachin king of Judah from prison.
28 He spoke kindly to him, and gave him a more prominent seat than those of the kings who were with him in Babylon.
29 So Jehoiachin changed from his prison garments, and he aate 1bread regularly before the king all the days of his life.
30 And as for his 1provisions, there was a 2regular ration given him by the king, a portion for each day, all the days of his life.

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Assurance of God’s Victory over Enemies

A Song. A Psalm of David.

1 O aGOD, my heart is steadfast; I will sing and give praise, even with my glory.
2 aAwake, lute and harp! I will awaken the dawn.
3 I will praise You, O LORD, among the peoples, And I will sing praises to You among the nations.
4 For Your mercy is great above the 1heavens, And Your truth reaches to the clouds.

5 aBe exalted, O God, above the heavens, And Your glory above all the earth;
6 aThat Your beloved may be delivered, Save with Your right hand, and 1hear me.

PSALM 108 References

1 aPs. 57:7–11
2 aPs. 57:8–11
4 1skies
5 aPs. 57:5, 11
6 aPs. 60:5–12
1Lit. answer
8 a[Gen. 49:10] 1Lit. protection
10 aPs. 60:9
13 aPs. 60:12

7 God has spoken in His holiness: “I will rejoice; I will divide Shechem And measure out the Valley of Succoth.
8 Gilead is Mine; Manasseh is Mine; Ephraim also is the 1helmet for My head; aJudah is My lawgiver.
9 Moab is My washpot; Over Edom I will cast My shoe; Over Philistia I will triumph.”

10 aWho will bring me into the strong city? Who will lead me to Edom?
11 Is it not You, O God, who cast us off? And You, O God, who did not go out with our armies?
12 Give us help from trouble, For the help of man is useless.
13 aThrough God we will do valiantly, For it is He who shall tread down our enemies.




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