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The Prophets Before the Exile

(Category 8 of 16)

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God’s Continuing Love for Israel


1 “When Israel was a 1child, I loved him, And out of Egypt aI called My bson.
2 1As they called them, So they awent 2from them; They sacrificed to the Baals, And burned incense to carved images.

3 “Ia taught Ephraim to walk, Taking them by 1their arms; But they did not know that bI healed them.
4 I drew them with 1gentle cords, With bands of love, And aI was to them as those who take the yoke from their 2neck. bI stooped and fed them.

5 “He shall not return to the land of Egypt; But the Assyrian shall be his king, Because they refused to repent.
6 And the sword shall slash in his cities, Devour his districts, And consume them, Because of their own counsels.
7 My people are bent on abacksliding from Me. Though 1they call 2to the Most High, None at all exalt Him.

8 “Howa can I give you up, Ephraim? How can I hand you over, Israel? How can I make you like bAdmah? How can I set you like Zeboiim? My heart 1churns within Me; My sympathy is stirred.
9 I will not execute the fierceness of My anger;

CHAPTER 11 References

1 aMatt. 2:15
bEx. 4:22, 23
1Or youth
2 a2 Kin.
17:13–15 1So
with MT,Vg.;
LXX Just as I
called them;
Tg. interprets
as I sent
prophets to a
thousand of
them. 2So
with MT, Tg.,
Vg.; LXX
from My face
3 aDeut. 1:31;
32:10, 11 bEx.
15:26 1Some
Heb. mss.,
LXX, Syr.,Vg.
My arms
4 aLev. 26:13
bEx. 16:32; Ps.
78:25 1Lit.
cords of a
man 2Lit.
7 aJer. 3:6, 7;
8:5 1The
prophets 2Or
8 aJer. 9:7
bGen. 14:8;
19:24, 25;
Deut. 29:23
1Lit. turns
9 aNum. 23:19
1Or enter a
10 aIs. 31:4;
[Joel 3:16];
Amos 1:2
11 aIs. 11:11;
60:8; Hos. 7:11
bEzek. 28:25,
26; 34:27, 28
12 1Or holy

CHAPTER 12 References

1 aJob 15:2, 3;
Hos. 8:7
b2 Kin. 17:4;
Hos. 8:9 cIs.
30:6 1ruin 2Or
2 aHos. 4:1;
Mic. 6:2 1A legal
3 aGen. 25:26
4 a[Gen.
35:9–15] 5 aEx. 3:15
6 aHos. 14:1;
Mic. 6:8
7 aProv. 11:1;
Amos 8:5;
Mic. 6:11 1Or
8 aPs. 62:10;
Hos. 13:6;
Rev. 3:17

HOSEA 12:8

I will not again destroy Ephraim. aFor I am God, and not man, The Holy One in your midst; And I will not 1come with terror.

10 “They shall walk after the LORD. aHe will roar like a lion. When He roars, Then His sons shall come trembling from the west;
11 They shall come trembling like a bird from Egypt, aLike a dove from the land of Assyria. bAnd I will let them dwell in their houses,” Says the LORD.

God’s Charge Against Ephraim

12 “Ephraim has encircled Me with lies, And the house of Israel with deceit; But Judah still walks with God, Even with the 1Holy One who is faithful.


1 “Ephraim afeeds on the wind, And pursues the east wind; He daily increases lies and 1desolation. bAlso they make a 2covenant with the Assyrians, And coil is carried to Egypt.

2 “Thea LORD also brings a 1charge against Judah, And will punish Jacob according to his ways; According to his deeds He will recompense him.
3 He took his brother aby the heel in the womb, And in his strength he bstruggled with God.
4 Yes, he struggled with the Angel and prevailed; He wept, and sought favor from Him. He found Him in aBethel, And there He spoke to us—
5 That is, the LORD God of hosts. The LORD is His amemorable name.
6 aSo you, by the help of your God, return; Observe mercy and justice, And wait on your God continually.

7 “A cunning 1Canaanite! aDeceitful scales are in his hand; He loves to oppress.
8 And Ephraim said, a‘Surely I have become rich, I have found wealth for myself; In all my labors They shall find in me no iniquity that is sin.’

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HOSEA 12:9

9 “But I am the LORD your God, Ever since the land of Egypt; aI will again make you dwell in tents, As in the days of the appointed feast.
10 aI have also spoken by the prophets, And have multiplied visions; I have given 1symbols 2through the witness of the prophets.”

11 Though aGilead has idols— Surely they are 1vanity— Though they sacrifice bulls in bGilgal, Indeed their altars shall be heaps in the furrows of the field.

12 Jacob afled to the country of Syria; bIsrael served for a spouse, And for a wife he tended sheep.
13 aBy a prophet the LORD brought Israel out of Egypt, And by a prophet he was preserved.
14 Ephraim aprovoked Him to anger most bitterly; Therefore his Lord will leave the guilt of his bloodshed upon him, bAnd return his reproach upon him.

Relentless Judgment on Israel


1 When Ephraim spoke, trembling, He exalted himself in Israel; But when he offended through Baal worship, he died.
2 Now they sin more and more, And have made for themselves molded images, Idols of their silver, according to their skill; All of it is the work of craftsmen. They say of them, “Let 1the men who sacrifice 2kiss the calves!”
3 Therefore they shall be like the morning cloud And like the early dew that passes away, aLike chaff blown off from a threshing floor And like smoke from a chimney.

4 “Yet aI am the LORD your God Ever since the land of Egypt, And you shall know no God but Me; For bthere is no savior besides Me.
5 aI 1knew you in the wilderness, bIn the land of 2great drought.
6 aWhen they had pasture, they were filled;

9 aLev. 23:42
10 a2 Kin.
17:13 1Or
parables 2Lit.
by the hand
11 aHos. 6:8
bHos. 9:15
12 aGen. 28:5
bGen. 29:20,
13 aEx. 12:50,
51; 13:3
14 aEzek.
bDan. 11:18

CHAPTER 13 References

2 1Or those
who offer
human sacrifice
with kisses
3 aDan. 2:35
4 aIs. 43:11
bIs. 43:11;
45:21, 22
5 aDeut. 2:7;
32:10 bDeut.
8:15 1Cared
for you 2Lit.
6 aDeut. 8:12,
14; 32:13–15
7 aLam. 3:10
bJer. 5:6
8 a2 Sam. 17:8
1Lit. beast of
the field
9 1Lit. it or he
destroyed you
2Lit. in your
10 aDeut.
32:38 b1 Sam.
8:5, 6 1LXX,
Syr., Tg.,Vg.
Where is your
11 a1 Sam. 8:7;
12 aDeut.
32:34, 35
13 aIs. 13:8
14 a[1 Cor.
15:54, 55] bJer.
15:6 1Lit.
hand 2Or
Sheol 3LXX
where is your
4Or Sheol
5LXX where
is your sting?
15 aJer. 4:11,
16 a2 Kin.
18:12 b2 Kin.
15:16 1LXX
shall be disfigured

CHAPTER 14 References

1 a[Joel 2:13]

They were filled and their heart was exalted; Therefore they forgot Me.

7 “So aI will be to them like a lion; Like ba leopard by the road I will lurk;
8 I will meet them alike a bear deprived of her cubs; I will tear open their rib cage, And there I will devour them like a lion. The 1wild beast shall tear them.

9 “O Israel, 1you are destroyed, But 2your help is from Me.
10 1I will be your King; aWhere is any other, That he may save you in all your cities? And your judges to whom byou said, ‘Give me a king and princes’?
11 aI gave you a king in My anger, And took him away in My wrath.

12 “Thea iniquity of Ephraim is bound up; His sin is stored up.
13 aThe sorrows of a woman in childbirth shall come upon him. He is an unwise son, For he should not stay long where children are born.

14 “I will ransom them from the 1power of 2the grave; I will redeem them from death. aO Death, 3I will be your plagues! O 4Grave, 5I will be your destruction! bPity is hidden from My eyes.”

15 Though he is fruitful among his brethren, aAn east wind shall come; The wind of the LORD shall come up from the wilderness. Then his spring shall become dry, And his fountain shall be dried up. He shall plunder the treasury of every desirable prize. 16 Samaria 1is held guilty, For she has arebelled against her God. They shall fall by the sword, Their infants shall be dashed in pieces, And their women with child bripped open.

Israel Restored at Last


1 O Israel, areturn to the LORD your God, For you have stumbled because of your iniquity;
2 Take words with you, And return to the LORD.

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Say to Him, “Take away all iniquity; Receive us graciously, For we will offer the asacrifices1 of our lips.
3 Assyria shall anot save us, bWe will not ride on horses, Nor will we say anymore to the work of our hands, ‘You are our gods.’ cFor in You the fatherless finds mercy.”

4 “I will heal their abacksliding, I will blove them freely, For My anger has turned away from him.
5 I will be like the adew to Israel; He shall 1grow like the lily, And 2lengthen his roots like Lebanon.
6 His branches shall 1spread; aHis beauty shall be like an olive tree, And bhis fragrance like Lebanon.

2 a[Heb. 13:15] 1Lit. bull
calves; LXX
3 aHos. 7:11;
10:13; 12:1
b[Ps. 33:17] cPs. 10:14;
4 aJer. 14:7
b[Eph. 1:6] 5 aProv. 19:12
1Lit. bud or
sprout 2Lit.
6 aPs. 52:8;
128:3 bGen.
27:27 1Lit. go
7 aDan. 4:12
1Lit. bud or
sprout 2Lit.
8 a[John 15:4] 9 a[Prov.

7 aThose who dwell under his shadow shall return; They shall be revived like grain, And 1grow like a vine. Their 2scent shall be like the wine of Lebanon.

8 “Ephraim shall say, ‘What have I to do anymore with idols?’ I have heard and observed him. I am like a green cypress tree; aYour fruit is found in Me.”

9 Who is wise? Let him understand these things. Who is prudent? Let him know them. For athe ways of the LORD are right; The righteous walk in them, But transgressors stumble in them.

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The LORD the Defense of His People

A Song of Ascents. Of David.

1 “IF it had not been the LORD who was on our aside,” bLet Israel now say—
2 “If it had not been the LORD who was on our side, When men rose up against us,
3 Then they would have aswallowed us alive, When their wrath was kindled against us;
4 Then the waters would have overwhelmed us, The stream would have 1gone over our soul;

PSALM 124 References

1 aPs. 118:6;
[Rom. 8:31] bPs. 129:1
3 aNum. 16:30;
Ps. 56:1, 2;
57:3; Prov.
4 1swept over
5 1swept over
7 aPs. 91:3
bProv. 6:5;
Hos. 9:8 1Persons
catch birds in
a trap or
8 a[Ps. 121:2] bGen. 1:1; Ps.

5 Then the swollen waters Would have 1gone over our soul.”

6 Blessed be the LORD, Who has not given us as prey to their teeth.
7 aOur soul has escaped bas a bird from the snare of the 1fowlers; The snare is broken, and we have escaped.
8 aOur help is in the name of the LORD, bWho made heaven and earth.




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