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The Prophets of The Exile

(Category 10 of 16)

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CHAPTER 37 References

1 a2 Kin.
24:17; 1 Chr.
3:15; 2 Chr.
36:10; Jer.
2 a2 Kin.
24:19, 20;
2 Chr.
[Prov. 29:12] 3 aJer. 21:1, 2;
29:25; 52:24
b1 Kin. 13:6;
Jer. 42:2; Acts
5 a2 Kin. 24:7;
Jer. 37:7;
Ezek. 17:15

Zedekiah’s Vain Hope


1 Now King aZedekiah the son of Josiah reigned instead of Coniah the son of Jehoiakim, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon made king in the land of Judah.
2 aBut neither he nor his servants nor the people of the land gave heed to the words of the LORD which He spoke by the prophet Jeremiah.
3 And Zedekiah the king sent Jehucal the son of Shelemiah, and aZephaniah the son of Maaseiah, the priest, to the prophet Jeremiah, saying, b“Pray now to the LORD our God for us.”
4 Now Jeremiah was coming and going among the people, for they had not yet put him in prison.
5 Then aPharaoh’s army came up from Egypt; and when the Chaldeans who were besieging Jerusalem heard news of them, they departed from Jerusalem.
6 Then the word of the LORD came to the prophet Jeremiah, saying,
7 “Thus says the LORD, the God of

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Israel, ‘Thus you shall say to the king of Judah, awho sent you to Me to inquire of Me: “Behold, Pharaoh’s army which has come up to help you will return to Egypt, to their own land.
8 a“And the Chaldeans shall come back and fight against this city, and take it and burn it with fire.” ’
9 “Thus says the LORD: ‘Do not deceive yourselves, saying, “The Chaldeans will surely depart from us,” for they will not depart.
10 a‘For though you had defeated the whole army of the Chaldeans who fight against you, and there remained only wounded men among them, they would rise up, every man in his tent, and burn the city with fire.’

Jeremiah Imprisoned

11 And it happened, when the army of the Chaldeans left the siege of Jerusalem for fear of Pharaoh’s army,
12 that Jeremiah went out of Jerusalem to go into the land of Benjamin to claim his property there among the people.
13 And when he was in the Gate of Benjamin, a captain of the guard was there whose name was Irijah the son of Shelemiah, the son of Hananiah; and he seized Jeremiah the prophet, saying, “You are defecting to the Chaldeans!”
14 Then Jeremiah said, 1“False! I am not defecting to the Chaldeans.” But he did not listen to him. So Irijah seized Jeremiah and brought him to the princes.
15 Therefore the princes were angry with Jeremiah, and they struck him aand put him in prison in the bhouse of Jonathan the scribe. For they had made that the prison.
16 When Jeremiah entered athe dungeon and the cells, and Jeremiah had remained there many days,
17 then Zedekiah the king sent and took him out. The king asked him secretly in his house, and said, “Is there any word from the LORD?” And Jeremiah said, “There is.” Then he said, “You shall be adelivered into the hand of the king of Babylon!”
18 Moreover Jeremiah said to King Zedekiah, “What offense have I committed against you, against your servants, or against this people, that you have put me in prison?
19 “Where now are your prophets who prophesied to you, saying, ‘The king of Babylon will not come against you or against this land’?
20 “Therefore please hear now, O my lord the king. Please, let my petition be accepted before you, and do not make me return to the house of Jonathan the scribe, lest I die there.”
21 Then Zedekiah the king commanded that they should commit Jeremiah ato the court of the prison,

7 aIs. 36:6; Jer.
21:2; Ezek.
8 a2 Chr.
36:19; Jer.
10 aLev.
26:36–38; Is.
30:17; Jer.
21:4, 5
14 1a lie
15 aJer. 20:2;
[Matt. 21:35] bGen. 39:20;
2 Chr. 16:10;
18:26; Jer.
38:26; Acts
16 aJer. 38:6
17 a2 Kin.
25:4–7; Jer.
21:7; Ezek.
12:12, 13;
21 aJer. 32:2;
38:13, 28
b2 Kin. 25:3;
Jer. 38:9; 52:6

CHAPTER 38 References

1 aJer. 37:3
bJer. 21:1 cJer.
21:8 1Jehucal,
Jer. 37:3
2 aJer. 21:9
3 aJer. 21:10;
32:3 bJer. 34:2
4 aJer. 26:11
1Is discouraging
6 aJer. 37:21;
Lam. 3:55 1Or
son of Hammelech
7 aJer. 39:16
1Or officers
9 aJer. 37:21

and that they should give him daily a piece of bread from the bakers’ street, buntil all the bread in the city was gone. Thus Jeremiah remained in the court of the prison.

Jeremiah in the Dungeon


1 Now Shephatiah the son of Mattan, Gedaliah the son of Pashhur, aJucal1 the son of Shelemiah, and bPashhur the son of Malchiah cheard the words that Jeremiah had spoken to all the people, saying,
2 “Thus says the LORD: a‘He who remains in this city shall die by the sword, by famine, and by pestilence; but he who goes over to the Chaldeans shall live; his life shall be as a prize to him, and he shall live.’
3 “Thus says the LORD: a‘This city shall surely be bgiven into the hand of the king of Babylon’s army, which shall take it.’ ”
4 Therefore the princes said to the king, “Please, alet this man be put to death, for thus he 1weakens the hands of the men of war who remain in this city, and the hands of all the people, by speaking such words to them. For this man does not seek the 2welfare of this people, but their harm.”
5 Then Zedekiah the king said, “Look, he is in your hand. For the king can do nothing against you.”
6 aSo they took Jeremiah and cast him into the dungeon of Malchiah 1the king’s son, which was in the court of the prison, and they let Jeremiah down with ropes. And in the dungeon there was no water, but mire. So Jeremiah sank in the mire.
7 aNow Ebed-Melech the Ethiopian, one of the 1eunuchs, who was in the king’s house, heard that they had put Jeremiah in the dungeon.When the king was sitting at the Gate of Benjamin,
8 Ebed-Melech went out of the king’s house and spoke to the king, saying:
9 “My lord the king, these men have done evil in all that they have done to Jeremiah the prophet, whom they have cast into the dungeon, and he is likely to die from hunger in the place where he is. For there is ano more bread in the city.”
10 Then the king commanded Ebed- Melech the Ethiopian, saying, “Take from here thirty men with you, and lift Jeremiah the prophet out of the dungeon before he dies.”
11 So Ebed-Melech took the men with him and went into the house of the king under the treasury, and took from there old clothes and old rags, and let them down by ropes into the dungeon to Jeremiah.
12 Then Ebed-Melech the Ethiopian said to Jeremiah, “Please put these old clothes and rags under your arm-

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pits, under the ropes.” And Jeremiah did so.
13 So they pulled Jeremiah up with ropes and lifted him out of the dungeon. And Jeremiah remained ain the court of the prison.

Zedekiah’s Fears and Jeremiah’s Advice

14 Then Zedekiah the king sent and had Jeremiah the prophet brought to him at the third entrance of the house of the LORD. And the king said to Jeremiah, “I will aask you something. Hide nothing from me.”
15 Jeremiah said to Zedekiah, “If I declare it to you, will you not surely put me to death? And if I give you advice, you will not listen to me.”
16 So Zedekiah the king swore secretly to Jeremiah, saying, “As the LORD lives, awho made our very souls, I will not put you to death, nor will I give you into the hand of these men who seek your life.”
17 Then Jeremiah said to Zedekiah, “Thus says the LORD, the God of hosts, the God of Israel: ‘If you surely asurrender1 bto the king of Babylon’s princes, then your soul shall live; this city shall not be burned with fire, and you and your house shall live.
18 ‘But if you do not 1surrender to the king of Babylon’s princes, then this city shall be given into the hand of the Chaldeans; they shall burn it with fire, and ayou shall not escape from their hand.’ ”
19 And Zedekiah the king said to Jeremiah, “I am afraid of the Jews who have adefected to the Chaldeans, lest they deliver me into their hand, and they babuse me.”
20 But Jeremiah said, “They shall not deliver you. Please, obey the voice of the LORD which I speak to you. So it shall be awell with you, and your soul shall live.
21 “But if you refuse to 1surrender, this is the word that the LORD has shown me:
22 ‘Now behold, all the awomen who are left in the king of Judah’s house shall be surrendered to the king of Babylon’s princes, and those women shall say:

“Your close friends have 1set upon you And prevailed against you; Your feet have sunk in the mire, And they have 2turned away again.”

23 ‘So they shall surrender all your wives and achildren to the Chaldeans. bYou shall not escape from their hand, but shall be taken by the hand of the king of Babylon. And you shall cause this city to be burned with fire.’ ”
24 Then Zedekiah said to Jeremiah,

13 aNeh. 3:25;
Jer. 37:21;
Acts 23:35;
24:27; 28:16,
14 aJer. 21:1, 2;
16 aNum.
16:22; Is.
57:16; Zech.
12:1; [Acts
17:25, 28] 17 a2 Kin.
24:12 bJer.
39:3 1Lit. go
18 aJer. 32:4;
34:3 1Lit. go
19 aJer. 39:9
b1 Sam. 31:4
20 aJer. 40:9
21 1Lit. go out
22 aJer. 8:10
1Or misled
2Deserted you
23 aJer. 39:6;
41:10 bJer.
26 aJer. 37:20
bJer. 37:15
28 a[Ps. 23:4];
Jer. 37:21;

CHAPTER 39 References

1 a2 Kin.
25:1–12; Jer.
52:4; Ezek.
24:1, 2
2 aJer. 1:3
1city wall was
3 aJer. 1:15;
38:17 1A title,
Chief Officer;
also v. 13 2A
title, probably
Troop Commander;
v. 13
4 a2 Kin. 25:4;
Is. 30:16; Jer.
52:7; Amos
2:14 1Or
Arabah; the
Jordan Valley
5 aJer. 21:7;
32:4; 38:18, 23
b2 Kin. 23:33;
Jer. 52:9, 26,
6 aDeut. 28:34
bJer. 34:19–21
7 a2 Kin. 25:7;
Jer. 52:11;
Ezek. 12:13
8 a2 Kin. 25:9;
Jer. 38:18;
52:13 bJer.
21:10 c2 Kin.
25:10; Neh.
1:3; Jer. 52:14
9 a2 Kin. 25:8,
11, 12, 20


“Let no one know of these words, and you shall not die.
25 “But if the princes hear that I have talked with you, and they come to you and say to you, ‘Declare to us now what you have said to the king, and also what the king said to you; do not hide it from us, and we will not put you to death,’
26 “then you shall say to them, a‘I presented my request before the king, that he would not make me return bto Jonathan’s house to die there.’ ”
27 Then all the princes came to Jeremiah and asked him. And he told them according to all these words that the king had commanded. So they stopped speaking with him, for the conversation had not been heard.
28 Now aJeremiah remained in the court of the prison until the day that Jerusalem was taken. And he was there when Jerusalem was taken.

The Fall of Jerusalem


1 In the aninth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the tenth month, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and all his army came against Jerusalem, and besieged it.
2 In the aeleventh year of Zedekiah, in the fourth month, on the ninth day of the month, the 1city was penetrated.
3 aThen all the princes of the king of Babylon came in and sat in the Middle Gate: Nergal-Sharezer, Samgar-Nebo, Sarsechim, 1Rabsaris, Nergal-Sarezer, 2Rabmag, with the rest of the princes of the king of Babylon.
4 aSo it was, when Zedekiah the king of Judah and all the men of war saw them, that they fled and went out of the city by night, by way of the king’s garden, by the gate between the two walls. And he went out by way of the 1plain.
5 But the Chaldean army pursued them and aovertook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho. And when they had captured him, they brought him up to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, to bRiblah in the land of Hamath,where he pronounced judgment on him.
6 Then the king of Babylon killed the sons of Zedekiah before his aeyes in Riblah; the king of Babylon also killed all the bnobles of Judah.
7 Moreover ahe put out Zedekiah’s eyes, and bound him with bronze 1fetters to carry him off to Babylon.
8 aAnd the Chaldeans burned the king’s house and the houses of the people with bfire, and broke down the cwalls of Jerusalem.
9 aThen Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive to Babylon the remnant of the people who remained in the city and those

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who bdefected to him, with the rest of the people who remained.
10 But Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard left in the land of Judah the apoor people, who had nothing, and gave them vineyards and fields 1at the same time.

Jeremiah Goes Free

11 Now Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon gave charge concerning Jeremiah to Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, saying,
12 “Take him and look after him, and do him no aharm; but do to him just as he says to you.”
13 So Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard sent Nebushasban, Rabsaris, Nergal-Sharezer, Rabmag, and all the king of Babylon’s chief officers;
14 then they sent someone ato take Jeremiah from the court of the prison, and committed him bto Gedaliah the son of cAhikam, the son of Shaphan, that he should take him home. So he dwelt among the people.
15 Meanwhile the word of the LORD had come to Jeremiah while he was shut up in the court of the prison, saying,
16 “Go and speak to aEbed-Melech the Ethiopian, saying, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: “Behold, bI will bring My words upon this city for adversity and not for good, and they shall be performed in that day before you.
17 “But I will deliver you in that day,” says the LORD, “and you shall not be given into the hand of the men of whom you are afraid.
18 “For I will surely deliver you, and you shall not fall by the sword; but ayour life shall be as a prize to you, bbecause you have put your trust in Me,” says the LORD.

9 bJer. 38:19
10 aJer. 40:7
1Lit. on that
12 aJer. 1:18,
19; 15:20, 21
14 aJer. 38:28
bJer. 40:5
c2 Kin. 22:12,
14; 2 Chr.
34:20; Jer.
16 aJer. 38:7,
12 bJer. 21:10;
[Dan. 9:12;
Zech. 1:6] 18 aJer. 21:9;
45:5 b1 Chr.
5:20; Ps.
37:40; [Jer.
17:7, 8]

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The LORD the Shepherd of His People

A Psalm of David.

1 THE LORD is amy shepherd; bI shall not 1want.
2 aHe makes me to lie down in 1green pastures; bHe leads me beside the 2still waters.
3 He restores my soul; aHe leads me in the paths of righteousness For His name’s sake.

PSALM 23 References

1 a[Is. 40:11];
b[Phil. 4:19] 1lack
2 aEzek. 34:14
b[Rev. 7:17] 1Lit. pastures
of tender
grass 2Lit.
waters of rest
3 aPs. 5:8; 31:3
4 aJob 3:5;
10:21, 22;
24:17 b[Ps.
3:6; 27:1] c[Is.
43:2] 5 aPs. 104:15
bPs. 92:10
6 1So with
LXX, Syr.,
Tg.,Vg.; MT
return 2Or To
the end of my
days, lit. For
length of days

4 Yea, though I walk through the valley of athe shadow of death, bI will fear no evil; cFor You are with me; Your rod and Your staff, they comfort me.

5 You aprepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; You banoint my head with oil; My cup runs over.
6 Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me All the days of my life; And I will 1dwell in the house of the LORD 2Forever.




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