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Covenant with Abraham

(Category 2 of 16)

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Esau Comes to Meet Jacob


1 So Jacob went on his way, and athe angels of God met him.
2 When Jacob saw them, he said, “This is God’s acamp.” And he called the name of that place 1Mahanaim.
3 Then Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother ain the land of Seir, bthe 1country of Edom.
4 And he commanded them, saying, a“Speak thus to my lord Esau, ‘Thus your servant Jacob says: “I have dwelt with Laban and stayed there until now.
5 a“I have oxen, donkeys, flocks, and male and female servants; and I have sent to tell my lord, that bI may find favor in your sight.” ’ ”
6 Then the messengers returned to Jacob, saying, “We came to your brother Esau, and ahe also is coming to meet you, and four hundred men are with him.”
7 So Jacob was greatly afraid and adistressed; and he divided the people that were with him, and the flocks and herds and camels, into two companies.
8 And he said, “If Esau comes to the one company and 1attacks it, then the other company which is left will escape.”
9 aThen Jacob said, b“O God of my father Abraham and God of my father Isaac, the LORD cwho said to me, ‘Return to your country and to your family, and I will deal well with you’:
10 “I am not worthy of the least of all the amercies and of all the truth which You have shown Your servant; for I crossed over this Jordan with bmy staff, and now I have become two companies.
11 a“Deliver me, I pray, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau; for I fear him, lest he come and 1attack me and bthe mother with the children.
12 “For aYou said, ‘I will surely treat you well, and make your descendants as the bsand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude.’ ”
13 So he lodged there that same night, and took what 1came to his hand as aa present for Esau his brother:
14 two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams,
15 thirty milk camels with their colts, forty cows and ten bulls, twenty female donkeys and ten foals.
16 Then he delivered them to the hand of his servants, every drove by itself, and said to his servants, “Pass over before me, and put some dis-

55 bGen. 28:1
cGen. 18:33;
30:25; Num.

CHAPTER 32 References

1 aNum. 22:31;
2 Kin. 6:16,
17; [Ps. 34:7;
91:1; Heb.
1:14] 2 aJosh. 5:14;
Ps. 103:21;
148:2; Luke
2:13 1Lit. Double
3 aGen. 14:6;
33:14, 16
bGen. 25:30;
36:6–9; Deut.
2:5; Josh. 24:4
1Lit. field
4 aProv. 15:1
5 aGen. 30:43
bGen. 33:8, 15
6 aGen. 33:1
7 aGen. 32:11;
8 1Lit. strikes
9 a[Ps. 50:15] bGen. 28:13;
31:42 cGen.
31:3, 13
10 aGen. 24:27
bJob 8:7
11 aPs. 59:1, 2
bHos. 10:14
1Lit. strike
12 aGen.
bGen. 22:17
13 aGen. 43:11
1he had
20 a[Prov.
21:14] 22 aNum.
21:24; Deut.
3:16; Josh.
23 1across
24 aJosh.
5:13–15; Hos.
12:2–4 1dawn
25 aMatt.
26:41; 2 Cor.
12:7 1struck
26 aLuke 24:28
bHos. 12:4
28 aGen. 35:10;
1 Kin. 18:31;
2 Kin. 17:34
bHos. 12:3, 4
cGen. 25:31;
27:33 1Lit.
Prince with
29 aJudg.
13:17, 18
bGen. 35:9
30 aGen. 16:13;
Ex. 24:10, 11;
33:20; Num.
12:8; Deut.
5:24; Judg.
6:22; Is. 6:5;
[Matt. 5:8;
1 Cor. 13:12] 1Lit. Face of
31 1Lit. Face of
God; same as
Peniel, v. 30
32 1struck

CHAPTER 33 References

1 aGen. 32:6


tance between successive droves.”
17 And he commanded the first one, saying, “When Esau my brother meets you and asks you, saying, ‘To whom do you belong, and where are you going? Whose are these in front of you?’
18 “then you shall say, ‘They are your servant Jacob’s. It is a present sent to my lord Esau; and behold, he also is behind us.’ ”
19 So he commanded the second, the third, and all who followed the droves, saying, “In this manner you shall speak to Esau when you find him;
20 “and also say, ‘Behold, your servant Jacob is behind us.’ ” For he said, “I will aappease him with the present that goes before me, and afterward I will see his face; perhaps he will accept me.”
21 So the present went on over before him, but he himself lodged that night in the camp.

Wrestling with God

22 And he arose that night and took his two wives, his two female servants, and his eleven sons, aand crossed over the ford of Jabbok.
23 He took them, sent them 1over the brook, and sent over what he had.
24 Then Jacob was left alone; and aa Man wrestled with him until the 1breaking of day.
25 Now when He saw that He did not prevail against him, He 1touched the socket of his hip; and athe socket of Jacob’s hip was out of joint as He wrestled with him.
26 And aHe said, “Let Me go, for the day breaks.” But he said, b“I will not let You go unless You bless me!”
27 So He said to him, “What is your name?” He said, “Jacob.”
28 And He said, a“Your name shall no longer be called Jacob, but 1Israel; for you have bstruggled with God and cwith men, and have prevailed.”
29 Then Jacob asked, saying, “Tell me Your name, I pray.” And He said, a“Why is it that you ask about My name?” And He bblessed him there.
30 So Jacob called the name of the place 1Peniel: “For aI have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.”
31 Just as he crossed over 1Penuel the sun rose on him, and he limped on his hip.
32 Therefore to this day the children of Israel do not eat the muscle that shrank, which is on the hip socket, because He 1touched the socket of Jacob’s hip in the muscle that shrank.

Jacob and Esau Meet


1 Now Jacob lifted his eyes and looked, and there, aEsau was coming, and with him were four

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hundred men. So he divided the children among Leah, Rachel, and the two maidservants.
2 And he put the maidservants and their children in front, Leah and her children behind, and Rachel and Joseph last.
3 Then he crossed over before them and abowed himself to the ground seven times, until he came near to his brother.
4 aBut Esau ran to meet him, and embraced him, band fell on his neck and kissed him, and they wept.
5 And he lifted his eyes and saw the women and children, and said, “Who are these with you?” So he said, “The children awhom God has graciously given your servant.”
6 Then the maidservants came near, they and their children, and bowed down.
7 And Leah also came near with her children, and they bowed down. Afterward Joseph and Rachel came near, and they bowed down.
8 Then Esau said, “What do you mean by aall this company which I met?” And he said, “These are bto find favor in the sight of my lord.”
9 But Esau said, “I have enough, my brother; keep what you have for yourself.”
10 And Jacob said, “No, please, if I have now found favor in your sight, then receive my present from my hand, inasmuch as I ahave seen your face as though I had seen the face of God, and you were pleased with me.
11 “Please, take amy blessing that is brought to you, because God has dealt bgraciously with me, and because I have 1enough.” cSo he urged him, and he took it.
12 Then Esau said, “Let us take our journey; let us go, and I will go before you.”
13 But Jacob said to him, “My lord knows that the children are weak, and the flocks and herds which are nursing are with me. And if the men should drive them hard one day, all the flock will die.
14 “Please let my lord go on ahead before his servant. I will lead on slowly at a pace which the livestock that go before me, and the children, 1are able to endure, until I come to my lord ain Seir.”
15 And Esau said, “Now let me leave with you some of the people who are with me.” But he said, “What need is there? aLet me find favor in the sight of my lord.”
16 So Esau returned that day on his way to Seir.
17 And Jacob journeyed to aSuccoth, built himself a house, and made 1booths for his livestock. Therefore the name of the place is called 2Succoth.

3 aGen. 18:2;
4 aGen. 32:28
bGen. 45:14,
5 aGen. 48:9;
[Ps. 127:3]; Is.
8 aGen.
bGen. 32:5
10 aGen. 43:3;
2 Sam. 3:13;
14:24, 28, 32
11 aJudg. 1:15;
1 Sam. 25:27;
30:26 bGen.
30:43; Ex.
33:19 c2 Kin.
5:23 1Lit. all
14 aGen. 32:3;
36:8 1can
stand it
15 aGen. 34:11;
47:25; Ruth
17 aJosh.
13:27; Judg.
8:5; Ps. 60:6
1shelters 2Lit.
18 aJohn 3:23
bGen. 12:6;
35:4; Josh.
24:1; Judg.
9:1; Ps. 60:6
1Or to
Shalem, a city
19 aJosh.
24:32; John
4:5 1Lit. the
20 aGen. 35:7
1Lit. God, the
God of Israel

CHAPTER 34 References

1 aGen. 30:21
2 aGen. 20:2
3 1Lit. clung
to 2tenderly
4 aJudg. 14:2
5 a2 Sam.
13:22 1kept
7 aDeut.
Josh. 7:15;
Judg. 20:6
bDeut. 23:17;
2 Sam. 13:12
12 aEx. 22:16,
17; Deut.
22:29 1brideprice
13 aGen. 31:7;
Ex. 8:29
14 aEx. 12:48
bJosh. 5:2–9

Jacob Comes to Canaan

18 Then Jacob came 1safely to athe city of bShechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padan Aram; and he pitched his tent before the city.
19 And ahe bought the parcel of 1land, where he had pitched his tent, from the children of Hamor, Shechem’s father, for one hundred pieces of money.
20 Then he erected an altar there and called it aEl1 Elohe Israel.

The Dinah Incident


1 Now aDinah the daughter of Leah, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.
2 And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he atook her and lay with her, and violated her.
3 His soul 1was strongly attracted to Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the young woman and spoke 2kindly to the young woman.
4 So Shechem aspoke to his father Hamor, saying, “Get me this young woman as a wife.”
5 And Jacob heard that he had defiled Dinah his daughter. Now his sons were with his livestock in the field; so Jacob aheld1 his peace until they came.
6 Then Hamor the father of Shechem went out to Jacob to speak with him.
7 And the sons of Jacob came in from the field when they heard it; and the men were grieved and very angry, because he ahad done a disgraceful thing in Israel by lying with Jacob’s daughter, ba thing which ought not to be done.
8 But Hamor spoke with them, saying, “The soul of my son Shechem longs for your daughter. Please give her to him as a wife.
9 “And make marriages with us; give your daughters to us, and take our daughters to yourselves.
10 “So you shall dwell with us, and the land shall be before you. Dwell and trade in it, and acquire possessions for yourselves in it.”
11 Then Shechem said to her father and her brothers, “Let me find favor in your eyes, and whatever you say to me I will give.
12 “Ask me ever so much adowry1 and gift, and I will give according to what you say to me; but give me the young woman as a wife.”
13 But the sons of Jacob answered Shechem and Hamor his father, and spoke adeceitfully, because he had defiled Dinah their sister.
14 And they said to them, “We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to one who is auncircumcised, for bthat would be a reproach to us.

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15 “But on this condition we will consent to you: If you will become as we are, if every male of you is circumcised,
16 “then we will give our daughters to you, and we will take your daughters to us; and we will dwell with you, and we will become one people.
17 “But if you will not heed us and be circumcised, then we will take our daughter and be gone.”
18 And their words pleased Hamor and Shechem, Hamor’s son.
19 So the young man did not delay to do the thing, because he delighted in Jacob’s daughter. He was amore honorable than all the household of his father.
20 And Hamor and Shechem his son came to the agate of their city, and spoke with the men of their city, saying:
21 “These men are at peace with us. Therefore let them dwell in the land and trade in it. For indeed the land is large enough for them. Let us take their daughters to us as wives, and let us give them our daughters.
22 “Only on this condition will the men consent to dwell with us, to be one people: if every male among us is circumcised as they are circumcised.
23 “Will not their livestock, their property, and every animal of theirs be ours? Only let us consent to them, and they will dwell with us.”
24 And all who went out of the gate of his city heeded Hamor and Shechem his son; every male was circumcised, all who awent out of the gate of his city.
25 Now it came to pass on the third day,when they were in pain, that two of the sons of Jacob, aSimeon and Levi, Dinah’s brothers, each took his sword and came boldly upon the city and killed all the males.
26 And they akilled Hamor and Shechem his son with the edge of the sword, and took Dinah from Shechem’s house, and went out.
27 The sons of Jacob came upon the slain, and plundered the city, because their sister had been defiled.
28 They took their sheep, their oxen, and their donkeys, what was in the city and what was in the field,
29 and all their wealth. All their little ones and their wives they took captive; and they plundered even all that was in the houses.
30 Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, a“You have btroubled me cby making me obnoxious among the inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites and the Perizzites; dand since I am few in number, they will gather themselves together against me and kill me. I shall be destroyed, my household and I.”
31 But they said, “Should he treat our sister like a harlot?”

19 a1 Chr. 4:9
20 aGen. 19:1;
23:10; Ruth
4:1, 11; 2 Sam.
24 aGen. 23:10,
25 aGen. 29:33,
34; 42:24;
26 aGen.
49:5, 6
30 aGen. 49:6
bJosh. 7:25
cEx. 5:21;
1 Sam. 13:4;
2 Sam. 10:6
dGen. 46:26,
27; Deut. 4:27;
1 Chr. 16:19;
Ps. 105:12

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A Song of Confidence in God’s Triumph over Evil

1 WHY do You stand afar off, O LORD? Why do You hide in times of trouble?
2 The wicked in his pride 1persecutes the poor; aLet them be caught in the plots which they have devised.

3 For the wicked aboasts of his heart’s desire; 1He bblesses the greedy and renounces the LORD.
4 The wicked in his proud countenance does not seek God; 1God is in none of his athoughts.

5 His ways 1are always prospering; Your judgments are far above, out of his sight; As for all his enemies, he sneers at them.
6 aHe has said in his heart, “I shall not be moved; bI shall never be in adversity.”
7 aHis mouth is full of cursing and bdeceit and oppression; Under his tongue is trouble and iniquity.

8 He sits in the lurking places of the villages; In the secret places he murders the innocent; His eyes are secretly fixed on the helpless.

PSALM 10 References

2 aPs. 7:16;
9:16 1hotly
3 aPs. 49:6;
94:3, 4 bProv.
28:4 1Or The
greedy man
curses and
spurns the
4 aPs. 14:1;
36:1 1Or All
his thoughts
are, “There is
no God”
5 1Lit. are
6 aPs. 49:11;
[Eccl. 8:11] bRev. 18:7
7 a[Rom. 3:14] bPs. 55:10, 11
10 1Or he is
crushed, is
bowed 1Or
mighty ones
12 aPs. 17:7;
94:2; Mic. 5:9
bPs. 9:12
14 a[Ps. 11:4] b[2 Tim. 1:12] cPs. 68:5; Hos.
14:3 1Lit.
leaves, entrusts
16 aPs. 29:10
18 1vindicate

9 He lies in wait secretly, as a lion in his den; He lies in wait to catch the poor; He catches the poor when he draws him into his net.
10 So 1he crouches, he lies low, That the helpless may fall by his 2strength.
11 He has said in his heart, “God has forgotten; He hides His face; He will never see.”

12 Arise, O LORD! O God, alift up Your hand! Do not forget the bhumble.
13 Why do the wicked renounce God? He has said in his heart, “You will not require an account.”

14 But You have aseen, for You observe trouble and grief, To repay it by Your hand. The helpless bcommits1 himself to You; cYou are the helper of the fatherless.
15 Break the arm of the wicked and the evil man; Seek out his wickedness until You find none.

16 aThe LORD is King forever and ever; The nations have perished out of His land.
17 LORD,You have heard the desire of the humble; You will prepare their heart; You will cause Your ear to hear,
18 To 1do justice to the fatherless and the oppressed, That the man of the earth may 2oppress no more.




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