The Exodus from Egypt
(Category 3 of 16)
Category 3 Song called The Exodus From Egypt
Watch our Read Scripture video on the book of Exodus, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. This is the first of two Read Scripture videos dedicated to the book of Exodus, which aims to help you see its unique contribution to the story of Jesus, but also how it works within the Bible’s overall framework.
This video explores the main ideas and flow of thought of the book of Exodus Ch. 1-18.
Explore Exodus 1-18
Exodus 1-18 (RS)
The Second Book of Moses Called
EXODUS is the record of Israel’s birth as a nation.Within the protective “womb” of Egypt, the Jewish family of seventy rapidly multiplies. At the right time, accompanied with severe “birth pains,” an infant nation, numbering between two and three million people, is brought into the world where it is divinely protected, fed, and nurtured. The Hebrew title,We’elleh Shemoth, “Now These Are the Names,” comes from the first phrase in 1:1. Exodus begins with “Now” to show it as a continuation of Genesis. The Greek title is Exodus, a word meaning “exit,” “departure,” or “going out.” The Septuagint uses this word to describe the book by its key event
(see 19:1, “gone out”). In Luke 9:31 and in Second Peter 1:15, the word exodus speaks of physical death (Jesus and Peter). This embodies Exodus’s theme of redemption, because redemption is accomplished only through death. The Latin title is Liber Exodus, “Book of Departure,” taken from the Greek title.
1 NOW athese are the names of the children of Israel who came to Egypt; each man and his household came with Jacob:
2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and ;
3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin;
4 Dan, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.
5 All those 1who were descendants of Jacob were aseventy2 persons (for Joseph was in Egypt already).
6 And aJoseph died, all his brothers, and all that generation.
7 aBut the children of Israel were fruitful and increased abundantly, multiplied and 1grew exceedingly mighty; and the land was filled with them.
8 Now there arose a new king over Egypt, awho did not know Joseph.
9 And he said to his people, “Look, the people of the children of Israel are more and amightier than we;
10 a“come, let us bdeal shrewdly with them, lest they multiply, and it happen, in the event of war, that they also join our enemies and fight against us, and so go up out of the land.”
11 Therefore they set taskmasters over them ato afflict them with their bburdens. And they built for Pharaoh csupply cities, Pithom dand Raamses.
12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were in dread of the children of Israel.
13 So the Egyptians made the children of Israel aserve with 1rigor.
14 And they amade their lives bitter with hard bondage—bin mortar, in brick, and in all manner of service in the field. All their service in which they made them serve was with rigor.
15 Then the king of Egypt spoke to the aHebrew midwives, of whom the name of one was Shiphrah and the name of the other Puah;
16 and he said, “When you do the duties of a midwife for the Hebrew women, and see them on the birthstools, if it is a ason, then you shall kill him; but if it is a daughter, then she shall live.”
17 But the midwives afeared God, and did not do bas the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the male children alive.
18 So the king of Egypt called for the midwives and said to them,
5 aGen. 46:26,
27 1Lit. who
cf. Acts 7:14
6 aGen. 50:26
7 aActs 7:17
8 aActs 7:18,
9 aGen. 26:16
10 aPs. 83:3, 4
11 aEx. 3:7; 5:6
2:11; 5:4–9; 6:6
c1 Kin. 9:19
13 aGen. 15:13
20:15 bPs. 81:6
15 aEx. 2:6
16 aActs 7:19
17 aProv. 16:6
bDan. 3:16, 18
19 aJosh. 2:4
1have vigor of
11:18] 1became very
21 a1 Sam.
22 aActs 7:19
Tg. add to the
CHAPTER 2 References
1 aEx. 6:16–20
2 aActs 7:20
3 aIs. 18:2
cGen. 6:14 dIs.
4 aNum. 26:59
5 aActs 7:21
10 aActs 7:21
“Why have you done this thing, and saved the male children alive?”
19 And athe midwives said to Pharaoh, “Because the Hebrew women are not like the Egyptian women; for they 1are lively and give birth before the midwives come to them.”
20 aTherefore God dealt well with the midwives, and the people multiplied and 1grew very mighty.
21 And so it was, because the midwives feared God, athat He 1provided households for them.
22 So Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, a“Every son who is 1born you shall cast into the river, and every daughter you shall save alive.”
Moses Is Born
1 And aa man of the house of Levi went and took as wife a daughter of Levi.
2 So the woman conceived and bore a son. And awhen she saw that he was a beautiful child, she hid him three months.
3 But when she could no longer hide him, she took an of abulrushes for him, daubed it with basphalt and cpitch, put the child in it, and laid it in the reeds dby the river’s bank.
4 aAnd his sister stood afar off, to know what would be done to him.
5 Then the adaughter of Pharaoh came down to bathe at the river. And her maidens walked along the riverside; and when she saw the among the reeds, she sent her maid to get it.
6 And when she opened it, she saw the child, and behold, the baby wept. So she had compassion on him, and said, “This is one of the Hebrews’ children.”
7 Then his sister said to Pharaoh’s daughter, “Shall I go and call a nurse for you from the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for you?”
8 And Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Go.” So the maiden went and called the child’s mother.
9 Then Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Take this child away and nurse him for me, and I will give you your wages.” So the woman took the child and nursed him.
10 And the child grew, and she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became aher son. So she called his name 1Moses, saying, “Because I drew him out of the water.”
Moses Flees to Midian
11 Now it came to pass in those days, awhen Moses was grown, that he went out to his brethren and looked at their burdens. And he saw an Egyptian beating a Hebrew, one of his brethren.
12 So he looked this way and that way, and when he saw no one, he akilled the Egyptian and hid him in the sand.
13 And awhen he went out the second day, behold, two Hebrew men bwere fighting, and he said to the one who did the wrong, “Why are you striking your companion?”
14 Then he said, a“Who made you a prince and a judge over us? Do you intend to kill me as you killed the Egyptian?” So Moses bfeared and said, “Surely this thing is known!”
15 When Pharaoh heard of this matter, he sought to kill Moses. But aMoses fled from 1the face of Pharaoh and dwelt in the land of bMidian; and he sat down by ca well.
16 aNow the priest of Midian had seven daughters. bAnd they came and drew water, and they filled the ctroughs to water their father’s flock.
17 Then the ashepherds came and bdrove them away; but Moses stood up and helped them, and cwatered their flock.
18 When they came to aReuel1 their father, bhe said, “How is it that you have come so soon today?”
19 And they said, “An Egyptian delivered us from the hand of the shepherds, and he also drew enough water for us and watered the flock.” 20 So he said to his daughters, “And where is he? Why is it that you have left the man? Call him, that he may aeat bread.”
21 Then Moses was content to live with the man, and he gave aZipporah his daughter to Moses.
22 And she bore him a son. He called his name aGershom,1 for he said, “I have been ba 2stranger in a foreign land.”
23 Now it happened ain the process of time that the king of Egypt died. Then the children of Israel bgroaned because of the bondage, and they cried out; and ctheir cry came up to God because of the bondage.
24 So God aheard their groaning, and God bremembered His ccovenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.
25 And God alooked upon the children of Israel, and God backnowledged them.
Moses at the Burning Bush
1 Now Moses was tending the flock of aJethro his father-in-law, bthe priest of Midian. And he led the flock to the back of the desert,
12 aActs 7:24,
14 aActs 7:27,
28 bJudg. 6:27
15 aActs 7:29
bEx. 3:1 cGen.
16 aEx. 3:1;
13, 19; 29:6–10
17 aGen. 47:3
cGen. 29:3, 10
18 aNum. 10:29
bEx. 3:1; 4:18
20 aGen. 31:54;
21 aEx. 4:25;
22 aEx. 4:20;
18:3, 4 bActs
23 aActs 7:34
24 aEx. 6:5
25 aEx. 4:31
CHAPTER 3 References
1 aEx. 4:18
bEx. 2:16 cEx.
18:5 dEx. 17:6
2 aDeut. 33:16
3 aActs 7:31
4 aDeut. 33:16
5 aJosh. 5:15
22:32] b1 Kin.
7 aEx. 2:23–25
bEx. 1:11 cEx.
50:24, 25 bEx.
8:7–9 dJer. 11:5
9 aEx. 2:23
bEx. 1:11, 13,
10 a[Mic. 6:4] 11 aEx. 4:10;
12 aGen. 31:3
bEx. 4:8; 19:3
14 a[John 8:24,
and came to cHoreb, dthe mountain of God.
2 And athe Angel of the LORD appeared to him in a flame of fire from the midst of a bush. So he looked, and behold, the bush was burning with fire, but the bush was not consumed.
3 Then Moses said, “I will now turn aside and see this agreat sight, why the bush does not burn.”
4 So when the LORD saw that he turned aside to look, God called ato him from the midst of the bush and said, “Moses, Moses!” And he said, “Here I am.”
5 Then He said, “Do not draw near this place. aTake your sandals off your feet, for the place where you stand is holy ground.”
6 Moreover He said, a“I am the God of your father—the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.” And Moses hid his face, for bhe was afraid to look upon God.
7 And the LORD said: a“I have surely seen the oppression of My people who are in Egypt, and have heard their cry bbecause of their taskmasters, cfor I know their 1sorrows.
8 “So aI have come down to bdeliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up from that land cto a good and large land, to a land dflowing with milk and honey, to the place of ethe Canaanites and the Hittites and the Amorites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites.
9 “Now therefore, behold, athe cry of the children of Israel has come to Me, and I have also seen the boppression with which the Egyptians oppress them.
10 a“Come now, therefore, and I will send you to Pharaoh that you may bring My people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt.”
11 But Moses said to God, a“Who am I that I should go to Pharaoh, and that I should bring the children of Israel out of Egypt?”
12 So He said, a“I will certainly be with you. And this shall be a bsign to you that I have sent you: When you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God on this mountain.”
13 Then Moses said to God, “Indeed, when I come to the children of Israel and say to them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they say to me, ‘What is His name?’ what shall I say to them?”
14 And God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.” And He said, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, a‘I AM has sent me to you.’ ”
15 Moreover God said to Moses, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel: ‘The LORD God of your
fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is aMy name forever, and this is My memorial to all generations.’
16 “Go and agather the elders of Israel together, and say to them, ‘The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, appeared to me, saying, b“I have surely visited you and seen what is done to you in Egypt;
17 “and I have said aI will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt to the land of the Canaanites and the Hittites and the Amorites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites, to a land flowing with milk and honey.” ’
18 “Then athey will heed your voice; and byou shall come, you and the elders of Israel, to the king of Egypt; and you shall say to him, ‘The LORD God of the Hebrews has cmet with us; and now, please, let us go three days’ journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the LORD our God.’
19 “But I am sure that the king of Egypt awill not let you go, no, not even by a mighty hand.
20 “So I will astretch out My hand and strike Egypt with ball My wonders which I will do in its midst; and cafter that he will let you go.
21 “And aI will give this people favor in the sight of the Egyptians; and it shall be, when you go, that you shall not go empty-handed.
22 a“But every woman shall ask of her neighbor, namely, of her who dwells near her house, barticles of silver, articles of gold, and clothing; and you shall put them on your sons and on your daughters. So cyou shall plunder the Egyptians.”
15 aPs. 30:4;
16 aEx. 4:29
bEx. 2:25; 4:31
18 aEx. 4:31
bEx. 5:1, 3
cNum. 23:3, 4,
19 aEx. 5:2
20 aEx. 6:6;
6:22 cEx. 11:1;
21 aEx. 11:3;
22 aEx. 11:2
bEx. 33:6 cJob
Prayer with Confidence in Final Salvation
A Prayer of David.
1 HEAR a just cause, O LORD, Attend to my cry; Give ear to my prayer which is not from deceitful lips.
2 Let my vindication come from Your presence; Let Your eyes look on the things that are upright.
3 You have tested my heart; You have visited me in the night; aYou have 1tried me and have found 2nothing; I have purposed that my mouth shall not btransgress.
4 Concerning the works of men, By the word of Your lips, I have kept away from the paths of the destroyer.
5 aUphold my steps in Your paths, That my footsteps may not slip.
6 aI have called upon You, for You will hear me, O God; Incline Your ear to me, and hear my speech.
7 Show Your marvelous lovingkindness by Your right hand, O You who 1save those who trust in You From those who rise up against them.
PSALM 17 References
3 aJob 23:10;
[1 Pet. 1:7] bPs. 39:1 1examined
5 aJob 23:11;
6 aPs. 86:7;
16:49 b[1 Sam.
2:3] 15 a[1 John
3:2] bPs. 4:6,
7; 16:11 c[Is.
8 Keep me as the 1apple of Your eye; Hide me under the shadow of Your wings,
9 From the wicked who oppress me, From my deadly enemies who surround me.
10 They have closed up their afat hearts; With their mouths they bspeak proudly.
11 They have now surrounded us in our steps; They have set their eyes, crouching down to the earth,
12 As a lion is eager to tear his prey, And like a young lion lurking in secret places.
13 Arise, O LORD, Confront him, cast him down; Deliver my life from the wicked with Your sword,
14 With Your hand from men, O LORD, From men of the world who have their portion in this life, And whose belly You fill with Your hidden treasure. They are satisfied with children, And leave the rest of their possession for their babes.
15 As for me, aI will see Your face in righteousness; bI shall be satisfied when I cawake in Your likeness.
DREAM IT => PLAN IT => DO IT
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