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Jesus & the Kingdom
(Category 14 of 16)
The final week of Jesus’ life culminated in a controversial week in Jerusalem during Passover. In this video we’ll explore the Gospel of Luke chs. 19-23, and how it came about that the innocent Jesus ended up being executed as a revolutionary rebel against Rome. We’ll also see how Jesus was not at all surprised, because he believed that his death would open up a new future for Israel, and for all humanity.
Explore Luke 19-23:(GOS)
LUKE 19-23: (GOS)
Jesus Comes to Zacchaeus’ House
1 Then Jesus entered and passed through aJericho.
2 Now behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus who was a chief tax collector, and he was rich.
3 And he sought to asee who Jesus was, but could not because of the crowd, for he was of short stature.
4 So he ran ahead and climbed up into a tree to see Him, for He was going to pass that way.
5 And when Jesus came to the place, He looked up 1and saw him, and said to him, “Zacchaeus, 2make haste and come down, for today I must stay at your house.”
6 So he 1made haste and came down, and received Him joyfully.
7 But when they saw it, they all 1complained, saying, a“He has gone to be a guest with a man who is a sinner.”
8 Then Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, “Look, Lord, I give half of my goods to the apoor; and if I have taken anything from anyone by bfalse accusation, cI restore fourfold.”
9 And Jesus said to him, “Today salvation has come to this house, because ahe also is ba son of Abraham;
10 a“for the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.”
The Parable of the Minas
11 Now as they heard these things, He spoke another parable, because He was near Jerusalem and because athey thought the kingdom of God would appear immediately.
12 aTherefore He said: “A certain nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom and to return.
13 “So he called ten of his servants, delivered to them ten 1minas, and said to them, ‘Do business till I come.’
14 a“But his citizens hated him, and sent a delegation after him, saying, ‘We will not have this man to reign over us.’
15 “And so it was that when he returned, having received the kingdom, he then commanded these servants, to whom he had given the money, to be called to him, that he might know how much every man had gained by trading.
16 “Then came the first, saying, ‘Master, your mina has earned ten minas.’
17 “And he said to him, a‘Well done, good servant; because you were
CHAPTER 19 References
1 aJosh. 6:26;
1 Kin. 16:34
3 aJohn 12:21
5 1NU omits
and saw him
7 aMatt. 9:11;
8 a[Ps. 41:1] bLuke 3:14
cEx. 22:1; Lev.
6:5; Num. 5:7;
1 Sam. 12:3;
2 Sam. 12:6
9 aLuke 3:8;
4:16; Gal. 3:7] b[Luke 13:16] 10 aMatt.
5:8] 11 aActs 1:6
13 1Gr. mna,
same as Heb.
14 a[John 1:11] 17 aMatt.
21 aMatt. 25:24
22 a2 Sam.
1:16; Job 15:6;
[Matt. 12:37] bMatt. 25:26
29 aMatt. 21:1;
Acts 1:12 1M
32 aLuke 22:13
35 a2 Kin. 9:13;
bfaithful in a very little, have authority over ten cities.’
18 “And the second came, saying, ‘Master, your mina has earned five minas.’
19 “Likewise he said to him, ‘You also be over five cities.’
20 “Then another came, saying, ‘Master, here is your mina, which I have kept put away in a handkerchief.
21 a‘For I feared you, because you are 1an austere man. You collect what you did not deposit, and reap what you did not sow.’
22 “And he said to him, a‘Out of your own mouth I will judge you, you wicked servant. bYou knew that I was an austere man, collecting what I did not deposit and reaping what I did not sow.
23 ‘Why then did you not put my money in the bank, that at my coming I might have collected it with interest?’
24 “And he said to those who stood by, ‘Take the mina from him, and give it to him who has ten minas.’
25 (“But they said to him, ‘Master, he has ten minas.’)
26 ‘For I say to you, athat to everyone who has will be given; and from him who does not have, even what he has will be taken away from him.
27 ‘But bring here those enemies of mine, who did not want me to reign over them, and slay them before me.’ ”
The Triumphal Entry
28 When He had said this, aHe went on ahead, going up to Jerusalem.
29 aAnd it came to pass, when He drew near to 1Bethphage and bBethany, at the mountain called cOlivet, that He sent two of His disciples,
30 saying, “Go into the village opposite you, where as you enter you will find a colt tied, on which no one has ever sat. Loose it and bring it here.
31 “And if anyone asks you, ‘Why are you loosing it?’ thus you shall say to him, ‘Because the Lord has need of it.’ ”
32 So those who were sent went their way and found it just aas He had said to them.
33 But as they were loosing the colt, the owners of it said to them, “Why are you loosing the colt?”
34 And they said, “The Lord has need of him.”
35 Then they brought him to Jesus. aAnd they threw their own clothes on the colt, and they set Jesus on him.
36 And as He went, many spread their clothes on the road.
37 Then, as He was now drawing near the descent of the Mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to arejoice and praise God
with a loud voice for all the mighty works they had seen,
a“‘Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the LORD!’ bPeace in heaven and glory in the highest!”
39 And some of the Pharisees called to Him from the crowd, “Teacher, rebuke Your disciples.”
40 But He answered and said to them, “I tell you that if these should keep silent, athe stones would immediately cry out.”
Jesus Weeps over Jerusalem
41 Now as He drew near, He saw the city and awept over it,
42 saying, “If you had known, even you, especially in this ayour day, the things that bmake for your cpeace! But now they are hidden from your eyes.
43 “For days will come upon you when your enemies will abuild an embankment around you, surround you and close you in on every side,
44 a“and level you, and your children within you, to the ground; and bthey will not leave in you one stone upon another, cbecause you did not know the time of your visitation.”
Jesus Cleanses the Temple
45 aThen He went into the temple and began to drive out those who 1bought and sold in it,
46 saying to them, “It is written, a‘My house 1is a house of prayer,’ but you have made it a b‘den of thieves.’ ”
47 And He awas teaching daily in the temple. But bthe chief priests, the scribes, and the leaders of the people sought to destroy Him,
48 and were unable to do anything; for all the people were very attentive to ahear Him.
1 Now ait happened on one of those days, as He taught the people in the temple and preached the gospel, that the chief priests and the scribes, together with the elders, confronted Him
2 and spoke to Him, saying, “Tell us, aby what authority are You doing these things? Or who is he who gave You this authority?”
3 But He answered and said to them, “I also will ask you one thing, and answer Me:
4 “The abaptism of John—was it from heaven or from men?”
5 And they reasoned among themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ He will say, ‘Why 1then did you not believe him?’
6 “But if we say, ‘From men,’ all the people will stone us, afor they are
38 aPs. 118:26
b[Eph. 2:14] 40 aHab. 2:11
41 aJohn 11:35
42 aHeb. 3:13
b[Acts 10:36] c[Rom. 5:1] 43 aJer. 6:3, 6
44 a1 Kin. 9:7,
8 bMatt. 24:2
c[1 Pet. 2:12] 45 aMark
46 aIs. 56:7
bJer. 7:11 1NU
48 aLuke 21:38
CHAPTER 20 References
2 aActs 4:7;
4 aJohn 1:26,
5 1NU, M omit
10 a[1 Thess.
persuaded that John was a prophet.”
7 So they answered that they did not know where it was from.
8 And Jesus said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things.”
The Parable of the Wicked Vinedressers
9 Then He began to tell the people this parable: a“A certain man planted a vineyard, leased it to 1vinedressers, and went into a far country for a long time.
10 “Now at 1vintage-time he asent a servant to the vinedressers, that they might give him some of the fruit of the vineyard. But the vinedressers beat him and sent him away empty-handed.
11 “Again he sent another servant; and they beat him also, treated him shamefully, and sent him away empty-handed.
12 “And again he sent a third; and they wounded him also and cast him out.
13 “Then the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my beloved son. Probably they will respect him when they see him.’
14 “But when the vinedressers saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, ‘This is the aheir. Come, blet us kill him, that the inheritance may be cours.’
15 “So they cast him out of the vineyard and akilled him. Therefore what will the owner of the vineyard do to them?
16 “He will come and destroy those vinedressers and give the vineyard to aothers.” And when they heard it they said, “Certainly not!”
17 Then He looked at them and said, “What then is this that is written:
a‘The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief cornerstone’?
18 “Whoever falls on that stone will be abroken; but bon whomever it falls, it will grind him to powder.”
19 And the chief priests and the scribes that very hour sought to lay hands on Him, but they 1feared the people—for they knew He had spoken this parable against them.
The Pharisees: Is It Lawful to Pay Taxes to Caesar?
20 aSo they watched Him, and sent spies who pretended to be righteous, that they might seize on His words, in order to deliver Him to the power and the authority of the governor.
21 Then they asked Him, saying, a“Teacher, we know that You say and teach rightly, and You do not
show personal favoritism, but teach the way of God in truth:
22 “Is it lawful for us to pay taxes to Caesar or not?”
23 But He perceived their craftiness, and said to them, 1“Why do you test Me?
24 “Show Me a denarius. Whose image and inscription does it have?” They answered and said, “Caesar’s.”
25 And He said to them, a“Render1 therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.”
26 But they could not catch Him in His words in the presence of the people. And they marveled at His answer and kept silent.
The Sadducees: What About the Resurrection?
27 aThen some of the Sadducees, bwho deny that there is a resurrection, came to Him and asked Him,
28 saying: “Teacher, Moses wrote to us that if a man’s brother dies, having a wife, and he dies without children, his brother should take his wife and raise up offspring for his brother.
29 “Now there were seven brothers. And the first took a wife, and died without children.
30 “And the second 1took her as wife, and he died childless.
31 “Then the third took her, and in like manner the seven 1also; and they left no children, and died.
32 “Last of all the woman died also.
33 “Therefore, in the resurrection, whose wife does she become? For all seven had her as wife.”
34 Jesus answered and said to them, “The sons of this age marry and are given in marriage.
35 “But those who are acounted worthy to attain that age, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor are given in marriage;
36 “nor can they die anymore, for athey are equal to the angels and are sons of God, bbeing sons of the resurrection.
37 “But even Moses showed in the burning bush passage that the dead are raised, when he called the Lord a‘the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’
38 “For He is not the God of the dead but of the living, for aall live to Him.”
39 Then some of the scribes answered and said, “Teacher,You have spoken well.”
40 But after that they dared not question Him anymore.
Jesus: How Can David Call His Descendant Lord?
41 And He said to them, a“How can they say that the Christ is the Son of David?
23 1NU omits
Why do you
bActs 23:6, 8
30 1NU omits
the rest of
31 1NU, M also
left no children
35 aPhil. 3:11
36 a[1 Cor.
15:42, 49, 52;
1 John 3:2] bRom. 8:23
37 aEx. 3:1–6,
38 a[Rom. 6:10,
11; 14:8, 9;
Heb. 11:16] 41 aMatt.
42 aPs. 110:1;
Acts 2:34, 35
44 aActs 13:22,
23; Rom. 1:3;
46 aMatt. 23:5
47 aMatt. 23:14
b[Matt. 6:5, 6]
42 “Now David himself said in the Book of Psalms:
a‘The LORD said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand,
43 Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.” ’
44 “Therefore David calls Him ‘Lord’; ahow is He then his Son?”
Beware of the Scribes
45 aThen, in the hearing of all the people, He said to His disciples,
46 a“Beware of the scribes, who desire to go around in long robes, blove greetings in the marketplaces, the best seats in the synagogues, and the best places at feasts,
47 a“who devour widows’ houses, and for a bpretense make long prayers. These will receive greater condemnation.”
PSALM 119 vv. 65 – 83
65 You have dealt well with Your servant, O LORD, according to Your word.
66 Teach me good judgment and aknowledge, For I believe Your commandments.
67 Before I was aafflicted I went astray, But now I keep Your word.
68 You are agood, and do good; Teach me Your statutes.
69 The proud have aforged1 a lie against me, But I will keep Your precepts with my whole heart.
70 aTheir heart is 1as fat as grease, But I delight in Your law.
71 It is good for me that I have been afflicted, That I may learn Your statutes.
72 aThe law of Your mouth is better to me Than thousands of coins of gold and silver.
73 aYour hands have made me and fashioned me; Give me understanding, that I may learn Your commandments.
PSALM 119 vv. 65 – 83 References
66 aPhil. 1:9
67 aProv. 3:11;
Jer. 31:18, 19;
[Heb. 12:5–11] 68 aPs. 106:1;
19:17] 69 aJob 13:4;
Ps. 109:2 1Lit.
with a lie
17:10; Is. 6:10;
Jer. 5:28; Acts
72 aPs. 19:10;
Prov. 8:10, 11,
73 aJob 10:8;
139:15, 16] 74 aPs. 34:2
78 aPs. 25:3
81 aPs. 73:26;
83 aJob 30:30
74 aThose who fear You will be glad when they see me, Because I have hoped in Your word.
75 I know, O LORD, athat Your judgments are 1right, And that in faithfulness You have afflicted me.
76 Let, I pray, Your merciful kindness be for my comfort, According to Your word to Your servant.
77 Let Your tender mercies come to me, that I may live; For Your law is my delight.
78 Let the proud abe ashamed, For they treated me wrongfully with falsehood; But I will meditate on Your precepts.
79 Let those who fear You turn to me, Those who know Your testimonies.
80 Let my heart be blameless regarding Your statutes, That I may not be ashamed.
81 aMy soul faints for Your salvation, But I hope in Your word.
82 My eyes fail from searching Your word, Saying, “When will You comfort me?”
83 For aI have become like a wineskin in smoke,
PSALM 119 vv. 84 – 96
Yet I do not forget Your statutes.
84 aHow many are the days of Your servant? bWhen will You execute judgment on those who persecute me?
85 aThe proud have dug pits for me, Which is not according to Your law.
86 All Your commandments are faithful; They persecute me awrongfully; Help me!
87 They almost made an end of me on earth, But I did not forsake Your precepts.
88 Revive me according to Your lovingkindness, So that I may keep the testimony of Your mouth.
89 aForever, O LORD, Your word 1is settled in heaven.
PSALM 119 vv. 84 – 96 References
84 aPs. 39:4
85 aPs. 35:7;
86 aPs. 35:19
89 aPs. 89:2; Is.
24:35; [1 Pet.
90 1Lit. stands
91 aJer. 33:25
95 1give attention
96 aMatt. 5:18
90 Your faithfulness endures to all generations; You established the earth, and it 1abides.
91 They continue this day according to aYour ordinances, For all are Your servants.
92 Unless Your law had been my delight, I would then have perished in my affliction.
93 I will never forget Your precepts, For by them You have given me life.
94 I am Yours, save me; For I have sought Your precepts.
95 The wicked wait for me to destroy me, But I will 1consider Your testimonies.
96 aI have seen the consummation of all perfection, But Your commandment is exceedingly broad.
DREAM IT => PLAN IT => DO IT
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