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The People of the Kingdom

(Category 15 of 16)


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CHAPTER 9 References

1 a2 Cor. 1:23
2 aRom. 10:1
3 aEx. 32:32
1Or relatives
4 aEx. 4:22
b1 Sam. 4:21
cActs 3:25
dPs. 147:19
eHeb. 9:1, 6
f[Acts 2:39;

Israel’s Rejection of Christ


1 I atell the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit,
2 athat I have great sorrow and continual grief in my heart.
3 For aI could wish that I myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my 1countrymen according to the flesh,
4 who are Israelites, ato whom pertain the adoption, bthe glory, cthe covenants, dthe giving of the law, ethe service of God, and fthe promises;

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5 aof whom are the fathers and from bwhom, according to the flesh, Christ came, cwho is over all, the eternally blessed God. Amen.

Israel’s Rejection and God’s Purpose

6 aBut it is not that the word of God has taken no effect. For bthey are not all Israel who are of Israel,
7 anor are they all children because they are the seed of Abraham; but, b“In Isaac your seed shall be called.”
8 That is, those who are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God; but athe children of the promise are counted as the seed.
9 For this is the word of promise: a“At this time I will come and Sarah shall have a son.”
10 And not only this, but when aRebecca also had conceived by one man, even by our father Isaac
11 (for the children not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of aHim who calls),
12 it was said to her, a“The older shall serve the younger.”
13 As it is written, aJacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated.”

Israel’s Rejection and God’s Justice

14 What shall we say then? aIs there unrighteousness with God? Certainly not!
15 For He says to Moses, a“I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whomever I will have compassion.”
16 So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who shows mercy.
17 For athe Scripture says to the Pharaoh, b“For this very purpose I have raised you up, that I may show My power in you, and that My name may be declared in all the earth.”
18 Therefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He ahardens.
19 You will say to me then, “Why does He still find fault? For awho has resisted His will?”
20 But indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God? aWill the thing formed say to him who formed it, “Why have you made me like this?”
21 Does not the apotter have power over the clay, from the same lump to make bone vessel for honor and another for dishonor?
22 What if God, wanting to show His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much longsuffering athe vessels of wrath bprepared for destruction,
23 and that He might make known athe riches of His glory on the vessels

5 aDeut. 10:15
b[Luke 1:34,
35; 3:23] cJer.
6 aNum. 23:19
b[Gal. 6:16] 7 a[Gal. 4:23] bGen. 21:12
8 aGal. 4:28
9 aGen. 18:10,
10 aGen. 25:21
11 a[Rom.
4:17; 8:28] 12 aGen. 25:23
13 aMal. 1:2, 3
14 aDeut. 32:4
15 aEx. 33:19
17 aGal. 3:8
bEx. 9:16
18 aEx. 4:21
19 a2 Chr. 20:6
20 aIs. 29:16
21 aProv. 16:4
b2 Tim. 2:20
22 a[1 Thess.
5:9] b[1 Pet.
2:8] 23 a[Col. 1:27] b[Rom.
8:28–30] 24 a[Rom.
8:28] bRom.
25 aHos. 2:23
26 aHos. 1:10
27 aIs. 10:22,
23 bRom. 11:5
28 aIs. 10:23;
28:22 1NU the
LORD will finish
the work
and cut it
short upon
the earth
29 aIs. 1:9 bIs.
13:19 1Lit., in
Heb., Hosts
30 aRom. 4:11
bRom. 1:17;
3:21; 10:6
31 a[Rom.
10:2–4] b[Gal.
5:4] 1NU
omits of righteousness
32 a[Is. 8:14,
15; 1 Cor.
1:23] 1NU by
works, omitting
of the
33 aIs. 8:14;
28:16 bRom.
5:5; 10:11

CHAPTER 10 References

1 1NU them
2 aActs 21:20
3 a[Rom. 1:17] b[Phil. 3:9]

of mercy, which He had bprepared beforehand for glory,
24 even us whom He acalled, bnot of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?
25 As He says also in Hosea:

a“I will call them My people, who were not My people, And her beloved, who was not beloved.”
26 “Anda it shall come to pass in the place where it was said to them, ‘You are not My people,’ There they shall be called sons of the living God.”

27 Isaiah also cries out concerning Israel:

a“Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, bThe remnant will be saved.
28 For 1He will finish the work and cut it short in righteousness, aBecause the LORD will make a short work upon the earth.”

29 And as Isaiah said before:

a“Unless the LORD of 1Sabaoth had left us a seed, bWe would have become like Sodom, And we would have been made like Gomorrah.”

Present Condition of Israel

30 What shall we say then? aThat Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have attained to righteousness, beven the righteousness of faith;
31 but Israel, apursuing the law of righteousness, bhas not attained to the law 1of righteousness.
32 Why? Because they did not seek it by faith, but as it were, 1by the works of the law. For athey stumbled at that stumbling stone.
33 As it is written:

a“Behold, I lay in Zion a stumbling stone and rock of offense, And bwhoever believes on Him will not be put to shame.”

Israel Needs the Gospel


1 Brethren, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for 1Israel is that they may be saved.
2 For I bear them witness athat they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge.
3 For they being ignorant of aGod’s righteousness, and seeking to establish their own brighteousness, have not submitted to the righteousness of God.

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4 For aChrist is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.
5 For Moses writes about the righteousness which is of the law, a“The man who does those things shall live by them.”
6 But the righteousness of faith speaks in this way, a“Do not say in your heart, ‘Who will ascend into heaven?’ ” (that is, to bring Christ down from above)
7 or,a“ ‘Who will descend into the abyss?’ ” (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead).
8 But what does it say? a“The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart” (that is, the word of faith which we preach):
9 that aif you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved.
10 For with the heart one believes unto righteousness, and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.
11 For the Scripture says, a“Whoever believes on Him will not be put to shame.”
12 For athere is no distinction between Jew and Greek, for bthe same Lord over all cis rich to all who call upon Him.
13 For a“whoever calls bon the name of the LORD shall be saved.”

Israel Rejects the Gospel

14 How then shall they call on Him in whom they have not believed? And how shall they believe in Him of whom they have not heard? And how shall they hear awithout a preacher?
15 And how shall they preach unless they are sent? As it is written:

a“How beautiful are the feet of those who 1preach the gospel of peace, Who bring glad tidings of good things!”

16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Isaiah says, a“LORD, who has believed our report?”
17 So then faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.
18 But I say, have they not heard? Yes indeed:

a“Their sound has gone out to all the earth, bAnd their words to the ends of the world.”

19 But I say, did Israel not know? First Moses says:

a“I will provoke you to jealousy by those who are not a nation,

4 a[Gal. 3:24;
4:5] 5 aLev. 18:5
6 aDeut.
7 aDeut. 30:13
8 aDeut. 30:14
9 aLuke 12:8
11 aIs. 28:16
12 aRom. 3:22,
29 bActs 10:36
cEph. 1:7
13 aJoel 2:32
bActs 9:14
14 aTitus 1:3
15 aIs. 52:7;
Nah. 1:15 1NU
omits preach
the gospel of
16 aIs. 53:1
18 aPs. 19:4
b1 Kin. 18:10
19 aDeut.
32:21 bTitus
20 aIs. 65:1
21 aIs. 65:2

I will move you to anger by a bfoolish nation.”

20 But Isaiah is very bold and says:

a“I was found by those who did not seek Me; I was made manifest to those who did not ask for Me.”

21 But to Israel he says:
a“All day long I have stretched out My hands To a disobedient and contrary people.”

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Longing for Zion in a Foreign Land

1 BY the rivers of Babylon, There we sat down, yea, we wept When we remembered Zion.
2 We hung our harps Upon the willows in the midst of it.
3 For there those who carried us away captive asked of us a song, And those who aplundered us requested mirth, Saying, “Sing us one of the songs of Zion!”

4 How shall we sing the LORD’s song In a foreign land?

PSALM 137 References

3 aPs. 79:1
6 aJob 29:10;
Ps. 22:15;
Ezek. 3:26
7 aJer. 49:7–22;
Lam. 4:21;
25:12–14; 35:2;
Amos 1:11;
Obad. 10–14
1Lit. Make
8 aIs. 13:1–6;
47:1 bJer.
50:15; Rev.
9 a2 Kin. 8:12;
Is. 13:16; Hos.
13:16; Nah.

5 If I forget you, O Jerusalem, Let my right hand forget its skill!
6 If I do not remember you, Let my atongue cling to the roof of my mouth— If I do not exalt Jerusalem Above my chief joy.

7 Remember, O LORD, against athe sons of Edom The day of Jerusalem, Who said, 1“Raze it, raze it, To its very foundation!”

8 O daughter of Babylon, awho are to be destroyed, Happy the one bwho repays you as you have served us!
9 Happy the one who takes and adashes Your little ones against the rock!




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