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The People of the Kingdom

(Category 15 of 16)

Watch our Read Scripture video on 2 Timothy, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. There is one Read Scripture video dedicated to 2 Timothy, which aims to help you see its unique contribution to the story of Jesus, but also how it works within the Bible’s overall framework.

In 2 Timothy, Paul is near execution and offers a personal challenge to Timothy to keeping following Jesus no matter the sacrifice and risk.

Explore 2 Timothy



page 1047

The Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to


PRISON is the last place from which to expect a letter of encouragement, but that
is where Paul’s second letter to Timothy originates. He begins by assuring Timothy
of his continuing love and prayers, and reminds him of his spiritual heritage
and responsibilities. Only the one who perseveres, whether as a soldier, athlete,
farmer, or minister of Jesus Christ, will reap the reward. Paul warns Timothy that
his teaching will come under attack as men desert the truth for ear-itching words
(4:3). But Timothy has Paul’s example to guide him and God’s Word to fortify him
as he faces growing opposition and glowing opportunities in the last days.
Paul’s last epistle received the title Pros Timotheon B, the “Second to Timothy.”
When Paul’s epistles were collected together the B was probably added to distinguish
this letter from the first letter he wrote to Timothy.



1 PAUL, an apostle of 1Jesus Christ by the will of God, according to the apromise of life which is in Christ Jesus,

2 To Timothy, a abeloved son:

Grace, mercy, and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.

Timothy’s Faith and Heritage

3 I thank God, whom I serve with a pure conscience, as my aforefathers did, as without ceasing I remember you in my prayers night and day,
4 greatly desiring to see you, being mindful of your tears, that I may be filled with joy,
5 when I call to remembrance athe 1genuine faith that is in you, which dwelt first in your grandmother Lois and byour mother Eunice, and I am persuaded is in you also.
6 Therefore I remind you ato stir up the gift of God which is in you through the laying on of my hands.
7 For aGod has not given us a spirit of fear, bbut of power and of love and of a sound mind.

Not Ashamed of the Gospel

8 aTherefore do not be ashamed of bthe testimony of our Lord, nor of me cHis prisoner, but share with me in the sufferings for the gospel according to the power of God,
9 who has saved us and called us with a holy calling, anot according to our works, but baccording to His own purpose and grace which was given to us in Christ Jesus cbefore time began,
10 but ahas now been revealed by the appearing of our Savior Jesus Christ, who has abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel,
11 ato which I was appointed a

CHAPTER 1 References

1 aTitus 1:2
1NU, M Christ
2 a1 Tim. 1:2;
2 Tim. 2:1;
Titus 1:4
3 aActs 24:14
5 a1 Tim. 1:5;
4:6 bActs 16:1
1Lit. unhypocritical
6 a1 Tim. 4:14
7 aJohn 14:27;
Rom. 8:15;
1 John 4:18
b[Acts 1:8] 8 a[Mark 8:38;
Luke 9:26;
Rom. 1:16];
2 Tim. 1:12, 16
b1 Tim. 2:6
cEph. 3:1;
2 Tim. 1:16
9 a[Rom. 3:20];
Eph. 2:8, 9
bRom. 8:28
cRom. 16:25;
Eph. 1:4; Titus
10 aEph. 1:9
11 aActs 9:15
1NU omits of
the Gentiles
12 a1 Pet. 4:19
13 a2 Tim.
3:14; Titus 1:9
bRom. 2:20;
6:17 c1 Tim.
16 a2 Tim. 4:19
18 aMatt. 6:4;
Mark 9:41
b2 Thess. 1:10
cHeb. 6:10
1to me from
Vg., a few Gr.

CHAPTER 2 References

1 a1 Tim. 1:2
bEph. 6:10
3 a2 Tim. 4:5
b1 Cor.
9:7;1 Tim. 1:18
1NU You
must share
4 a[2 Pet. 2:20] 5 a[1 Cor. 9:25]

preacher, an apostle, and a teacher 1of the Gentiles.
12 For this reason I also suffer these things; nevertheless I am not ashamed, afor I know whom I have believed and am persuaded that He is able to keep what I have committed to Him until that Day.

Be Loyal to the Faith

13 aHold fast bthe pattern of csound words which you have heard from me, in faith and love which are in Christ Jesus.
14 That good thing which was committed to you, keep by the Holy Spirit who dwells in us.
15 This you know, that all those in Asia have turned away from me, among whom are Phygellus and Hermogenes.
16 The Lord grant mercy to the ahousehold of Onesiphorus, for he often refreshed me, and was not ashamed of my chain;
17 but when he arrived in Rome, he sought me out very zealously and found me.
18 The Lord agrant to him that he may find mercy from the Lord bin that Day—and you know very well how many ways he cministered 1to me at Ephesus.

Be Strong in Grace


1 You therefore, amy son, bbe strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus.
2 And the things that you have heard from me among many witnesses, commit these to faithful men who will be able to teach others also.
3 You therefore must aendure1 hardship bas a good soldier of Jesus Christ.
4 aNo one engaged in warfare entangles himself with the affairs of this life, that he may please him who enlisted him as a soldier.
5 And also aif anyone competes in athletics, he is not crowned unless he competes according to the rules.

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6 The hard-working farmer must be first to partake of the crops.
7 Consider what I say, and 1may the Lord agive you understanding in all things.
8 Remember that Jesus Christ, aof the seed of David, bwas raised from the dead caccording to my gospel,
9 afor which I suffer trouble as an evildoer, beven to the point of chains; cbut the word of God is not chained.
10 Therefore aI endure all things for the sake of the 1elect, bthat they also may obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory.
11 This is a faithful saying:

For aif we died with Him, We shall also live with Him.
12 aIf we endure, We shall also reign with Him. bIf we deny Him, He also will deny us.
13 If we are faithless, He remains faithful; He acannot deny Himself.

Approved and Disapproved Workers

14 Remind them of these things, acharging them before the Lord not to 1strive about words to no profit, to the ruin of the hearers.
15 aBe diligent to present yourself approved to God, a worker who does not need to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.
16 But shun profane and 1idle babblings, for they will 2increase to more ungodliness.
17 And their message will spread like cancer. aHymenaeus and Philetus are of this sort,
18 who have strayed concerning the truth, asaying that the resurrection is already past; and they overthrow the faith of some.
19 Nevertheless athe solid foundation of God stands, having this seal: “The Lord bknows those who are His,” and, “Let everyone who names the name of 1Christ depart from iniquity.”
20 But in a great house there are not only avessels of gold and silver, but also of wood and clay, some for honor and some for dishonor.
21 Therefore if anyone cleanses himself from the latter, he will be a vessel for honor, 1sanctified and useful for the Master, aprepared for every good work.
22 aFlee also youthful lusts; but pursue righteousness, faith, love, peace with those who call on the Lord out of a pure heart.
23 But avoid foolish and ignorant disputes, knowing that they generate strife.
24 And aa servant of the Lord must not quarrel but be gentle to all, bable to teach, cpatient,

7 aProv. 2:6
1NU the Lord
will give you
8 aRom. 1:3, 4
b1 Cor. 15:4
cRom. 2:16
9 aActs 9:16
bEph. 3:1
cActs 28:31
10 aEph. 3:13
b2 Cor. 1:6
1chosen ones
11 aRom. 6:5, 8
12 a[Rom.
5:17; 8:17] bMatt. 10:33
13 aNum.
14 aTitus 3:9
15 a2 Pet. 1:10
16 1empty
chatter 2lead
17 a1 Tim. 1:20
18 a1 Cor.
19 a[1 Cor.
3:11] b[Nah.
1:7] 1NU, M
the Lord
20 aRom. 9:21
21 a2 Tim. 3:17
1set apart
22 a1 Tim. 6:11
24 aTitus 3:2
bTitus 1:9
c1 Tim. 3:3
25 aGal. 6:1
bActs 8:22
c1 Tim. 2:4
26 a1 Tim. 3:7

CHAPTER 3 References

1 a1 Tim. 4:1
1times of
3 1irreconcilable
4 a2 Pet. 2:10
5 aTitus 1:16
b1 Tim. 5:8
c2 Thess. 3:6
6 aMatt. 23:14
7 a1 Tim. 2:4
8 aEx. 7:11, 12,
22; 8:7; 9:11
b1 Tim. 6:5
cRom. 1:28
9 aEx. 7:11, 12;
8:18; 9:11
10 a1 Tim. 4:6
11 aActs
bActs 14:1–6,
19 cActs
14:8–20 dPs.
12 a[Ps. 34:19] 13 a2 Thess.
14 a2 Tim. 1:13
15 aJohn 5:39
16 a[2 Pet.
1:20] bRom.
4:23; 15:4
1training, discipline
17 a1 Tim. 6:11
b2 Tim. 2:21

25 ain humility correcting those who are in opposition, bif God perhaps will grant them repentance, cso that they may know the truth,
26 and that they may come to their senses and aescape the snare of the devil, having been taken captive by him to do his will.

Perilous Times and Perilous Men


1 But know this, that ain the last days 1perilous times will come:
2 For men will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy,
3 unloving, 1unforgiving, slanderers, without self-control, brutal, despisers of good,
4 atraitors, headstrong, haughty, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God,
5 ahaving a form of godliness but bdenying its power. And cfrom such people turn away!
6 For aof this sort are those who creep into households and make captives of gullible women loaded down with sins, led away by various lusts,
7 always learning and never able ato come to the knowledge of the truth.
8 aNow as Jannes and Jambres resisted Moses, so do these also resist the truth: bmen of corrupt minds, cdisapproved concerning the faith;
9 but they will progress no further, for their folly will be manifest to all, aas theirs also was.

The Man of God and the Word of God

10 aBut you have carefully followed my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffering, love, perseverance,
11 persecutions, afflictions, which happened to me aat Antioch, bat Iconium, cat Lystra—what persecutions I endured. And dout of them all the Lord delivered me.
12 Yes, and aall who desire to live godly in Christ Jesus will suffer persecution.
13 aBut evil men and impostors will grow worse and worse, deceiving and being deceived.
14 But you must acontinue in the things which you have learned and been assured of, knowing from whom you have learned them,
15 and that from childhood you have known athe Holy Scriptures, which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.
16 aAll Scripture is given by inspiration of God, band is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for 1instruction in righteousness,
17 athat the man of God may be complete, bthoroughly equipped for every good work.

page 1049

Preach the Word


1 I acharge you 1therefore before God and the Lord Jesus Christ, bwho will judge the living and the dead 2at His appearing and His kingdom:
2 Preach the word! Be ready in season and out of season. aConvince, brebuke, cexhort, with all longsuffering and teaching.
3 aFor the time will come when they will not endure bsound doctrine, cbut according to their own desires, because they have itching ears, they will heap up for themselves teachers;
4 and they will turn their ears away from the truth, and abe turned aside to fables.
5 But you be watchful in all things, aendure afflictions, do the work of ban evangelist, fulfill your ministry.

Paul’s Valedictory

6 For aI am already being poured out as a drink offering, and the time of bmy departure is at hand.
7 aI have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith.
8 Finally, there is laid up for me athe crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous bJudge, will give to me con that Day, and not to me only but also to all who have loved His appearing.

The Abandoned Apostle

9 Be diligent to come to me quickly;
10 for aDemas has forsaken me, bhaving loved this present world, and has departed for Thessalonica— Crescens for Galatia, Titus for Dalmatia.

CHAPTER 4 References

1 a1 Tim. 5:21
bActs 10:42
1NU omits
2NU and by
2 aTitus 2:15
b1 Tim. 5:20
c1 Tim. 4:13
3 a2 Tim. 3:1
b1 Tim. 1:10
c2 Tim. 3:6
4 a1 Tim. 1:4
5 a2 Tim. 1:8
bActs 21:8
6 aPhil. 2:17
b[Phil. 1:23] 7 a1 Cor.
8 aJames 1:12
bJohn 5:22
c2 Tim. 1:12
10 aCol. 4:14
b1 John 2:15
11 aActs 12:12,
25; 15:37–39
12 aActs 20:4
14 a1 Tim. 1:20
16 aActs 7:60
17 aActs 23:11
bActs 9:15
c1 Sam. 17:37
18 aPs. 121:7
bRom. 11:36
19 aActs 18:2
b2 Tim. 1:16
20 aRom. 16:23
bActs 20:4;
22 1NU omits
Jesus Christ

2 TIMOTHY 4:22

11 Only Luke is with me. Get aMark and bring him with you, for he is useful to me for ministry.
12 And aTychicus I have sent to Ephesus.
13 Bring the cloak that I left with Carpus at Troas when you come— and the books, especially the parchments.
14 aAlexander the coppersmith did me much harm. May the Lord repay him according to his works.
15 You also must beware of him, for he has greatly resisted our words.
16 At my first defense no one stood with me, but all forsook me. aMay it not be charged against them.

The Lord Is Faithful

17 aBut the Lord stood with me and strengthened me, bso that the message might be preached fully through me, and that all the Gentiles might hear. Also I was delivered cout of the mouth of the lion.
18 aAnd the Lord will deliver me from every evil work and preserve me for His heavenly kingdom. bTo Him be glory forever and ever. Amen!

Come Before Winter

19 Greet aPrisca and Aquila, and the household of bOnesiphorus.
20 aErastus stayed in Corinth, but bTrophimus I have left in Miletus sick.
21 Do your utmost to come before winter. Eubulus greets you, as well as Pudens, Linus, Claudia, and all the brethren.


22 The Lord 1Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Grace be with you. Amen.

page 482


The Suffering, Praise, and Posterity of the Messiah

To the Chief Musician. Set to 1“The Deer of the Dawn.” A Psalm of David.

1 MY aGod, My God, why have You forsaken Me? Why are You so far from helping Me, And from the words of My groaning?
2 O My God, I cry in the daytime, but You do not hear; And in the night season, and am not silent.

3 But You are holy, Enthroned in the apraises of Israel.
4 Our fathers trusted in You; They trusted, and You delivered them.
5 They cried to You, and were delivered; aThey trusted in You, and were not ashamed.

6 But I am aa worm, and no man; bA reproach of men, and despised by the people.
7 aAll those who see Me ridicule Me; They 1shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying,
8 “Hea 1trusted in the LORD, let Him rescue Him; bLet Him deliver Him, since He delights in Him!”

9 aBut You are He who took Me out of the womb; You made Me trust while on My mother’s breasts.
10 I was cast upon You from birth. From My mother’s womb aYou have been My God.
11 Be not far from Me, For trouble is near; For there is none to help.

12 aMany bulls have surrounded Me; Strong bulls of bBashan have encircled Me.
13 aThey 1gape at Me with their mouths, Like a raging and roaring lion.

14 I am poured out like water, aAnd all My bones are out of joint; My heart is like wax; It has melted 1within Me.
15 aMy strength is dried up like a potsherd, And bMy tongue clings to My jaws; You have brought Me to the dust of death.

PSALM 22 References

title 1Heb.
1 a[Matt.
27:46; Mark
15:34] 3 aDeut. 10:21;
Ps. 148:14
5 aIs. 49:23
6 aJob 25:6; Is.
41:14 bPs.
109:25; [Is.
53:3]; Matt.
7 aMatt. 27:39;
Mark 15:29
1Show contempt
their mouth
8 aMatt. 27:43;
Luke 23:35
bPs. 91:14
1LXX, Syr.,
Vg. hoped;
Tg. praised
9 a[Ps. 71:5, 6] 10 a[Is. 46:3;
49:1]; Luke
12 aPs. 22:21;
12 bDeut.
13 aJob 16:10;
1Lit. have
opened their
mouths at
14 aDan. 5:6
1Lit. in the
midst of My
15 aProv.
17:22 bJohn
16 aMatt.
27:35; 1So
with some
Heb. mss.,
LXX, Syr.,
Vg.; MT Like
a lion instead
of They
17 aLuke
23:27, 35
18 aMatt. 27:35
20 aPs. 35:17
1Lit. My only
21 a2 Tim.
4:17 bIs. 34:7
22 aHeb. 2:12
b[Rom. 8:29] 23 aPs. 135:19,
20 1Lit. seed
24 aHeb. 5:7
25 aPs. 35:18;
40:9, 10 bEccl.
27 1Gentiles
2So with MT,
LXX, Tg.;
Arab., Syr.,
Vg. Him
28 aMatt. 6:13
29 aPs. 17:10;
45:12; b[Is.
26:19] 1Death

16 For dogs have surrounded Me; The congregation of the wicked has enclosed Me. aThey1 pierced My hands and My feet;
17 I can count all My bones. aThey look and stare at Me.
18 aThey divide My garments among them, And for My clothing they cast lots.

19 But You, O LORD, do not be far from Me; O My Strength, hasten to help Me!
20 Deliver Me from the sword, aMy1 precious life from the power of the dog.
21 aSave Me from the lion’s mouth And from the horns of the wild oxen!

bYou have answered Me.

22 aI will declare Your name to bMy brethren; In the midst of the assembly I will praise You.
23 aYou who fear the LORD, praise Him! All you 1descendants of Jacob, glorify Him, And fear Him, all you offspring of Israel!
24 For He has not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted; Nor has He hidden His face from Him; But awhen He cried to Him, He heard.

25 aMy praise shall be of You in the great assembly; bI will pay My vows before those who fear Him.
26 The poor shall eat and be satisfied; Those who seek Him will praise the LORD. Let your heart live forever!

27 All the ends of the world Shall remember and turn to the LORD, And all the families of the 1nations Shall worship before 2You.
28 aFor the kingdom is the LORD’s, And He rules over the nations.

29 aAll the prosperous of the earth Shall eat and worship; bAll those who go down to 1the dust Shall bow before Him, Even he who cannot keep himself alive.

30 A posterity shall serve Him. It will be recounted of the Lord to the next generation,
31 They will come and declare His righteousness to a people who will be born, That He has done this.




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