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The Promised Land

(Category 6 of 16)

page 197

CHAPTER 9 References

1 aNum. 13:29;
Josh. 3:10
bNum. 34:6
cEx. 3:17;
2 aJosh. 10:5;
Ps. 83:3, 5
1Lit. mouth
3 aJosh. 9:17,
22; 10:2;
21:17; 2 Sam.
21:1, 2 bJosh.
4 1acted as
envoys 2Lit.
tied up
6 aJosh. 5:10
7 aJosh. 9:1;

The Treaty with the Gibeonites


1 And it came to pass when aall the kings who were on this side of the Jordan, in the hills and in the lowland and in all the coasts of bthe Great Sea toward Lebanon—cthe Hittite, the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite—heard about it,
2 that they agathered together to fight with Joshua and Israel with one 1accord.
3 But when the inhabitants of aGibeon bheard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai,
4 they worked craftily, and went and 1pretended to be ambassadors. And they took old sacks on their donkeys, old wineskins torn and 2mended,
5 old and patched sandals on their feet, and old garments on themselves; and all the bread of their provision was dry and moldy.
6 And they went to Joshua, ato the camp at Gilgal, and said to him and to the men of Israel, “We have come from a far country; now therefore, make a 1covenant with us.”
7 Then the men of Israel said to the aHivites, “Perhaps you dwell

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among us; so bhow can we make a covenant with you?”
8 But they said to Joshua, a“We are your servants.” And Joshua said to them, “Who are you, and where do you come from?”
9 So they said to him: a“From a very far country your servants have come, because of the name of the LORD your God; for we have bheard of His fame, and all that He did in Egypt,
10 “and aall that He did to the two kings of the Amorites who were beyond the Jordan—to Sihon king of Heshbon, and Og king of Bashan, who was at Ashtaroth.
11 “Therefore our elders and all the inhabitants of our country spoke to us, saying, ‘Take provisions with you for the journey, and go to meet them, and say to them, “We are your servants; now therefore, make a covenant with us.” ’
12 “This bread of ours we took hot for our provision from our houses on the day we departed to come to you. But now look, it is dry and moldy.
13 “And these wineskins which we filled were new, and see, they are torn; and these our garments and our sandals have become old because of the very long journey.”
14 Then the men of Israel took some of their provisions; abut they 1did not ask counsel of the LORD.
15 So Joshua amade peace with them, and made a covenant with them to let them live; and the rulers of the congregation swore to them.
16 And it happened at the end of three days, after they had made a covenant with them, that they heard that they were their neighbors who dwelt near them.
17 Then the children of Israel journeyed and came to their cities on the third day. Now their cities were aGibeon, Chephirah, Beeroth, and Kirjath Jearim.
18 But the children of Israel did not 1attack them, abecause the rulers of the congregation had sworn to them by the LORD God of Israel. And all the congregation complained against the rulers.
19 Then all the rulers said to all the congregation, “We have sworn to them by the LORD God of Israel; now therefore, we may not touch them.
20 “This we will do to them: We will let them live, lest awrath be upon us because of the oath which we swore to them.”
21 And the rulers said to them, “Let them live, but let them be awoodcutters and water carriers for all the congregation, as the rulers had bpromised them.”
22 Then Joshua called for them, and he spoke to them, saying, “Why have you deceived us, saying, a‘We are

7 bEx. 23:32;
Deut. 7:2
8 aDeut. 20:11;
2 Kin. 10:5
9 aDeut. 20:15
bEx. 15:14;
Josh. 2:9, 10;
10 aNum.
21:24, 33
14 aNum.
27:21; Is. 30:1
1Lit. did not
inquire at the
mouth of
15 a2 Sam.
17 aJosh. 18:25
18 aPs. 15:4
20 a2 Sam.
21:1, 2, 6;
Ezek. 17:13,
21 aDeut. 29:11
bJosh. 9:15
22 aJosh. 9:6, 9
bJosh. 9:16
23 aGen. 9:25
24 aEx.
Deut. 7:1, 2
bEx. 15:14
25 aGen. 16:6
27 aJosh. 9:21,
23 bDeut. 12:5

CHAPTER 10 References

1 aJosh. 9:1
bJosh. 8:1
cJosh. 6:21
dJosh. 8:22,
26, 28 eJosh.
2 aEx.
Deut. 11:25;
1 Chr. 14:17
4 aJosh. 9:15;
5 aNum. 13:29
bJosh. 9:2
6 aJosh. 5:10;
7 aJosh. 8:1
8 aJosh. 11:6;
Judg. 4:14

very far from you,’ when byou dwell near us?
23 “Now therefore, you are acursed, and none of you shall be freed from being slaves—woodcutters and water carriers for the house of my God.”
24 So they answered Joshua and said, “Because your servants were clearly told that the LORD your God acommanded His servant Moses to give you all the land, and to destroy all the inhabitants of the land from before you; therefore bwe were very much afraid for our lives because of you, and have done this thing.
25 “And now, here we are, ain your hands; do with us as it seems good and right to do to us.”
26 So he did to them, and delivered them out of the hand of the children of Israel, so that they did not kill them.
27 And that day Joshua made them awoodcutters and water carriers for the congregation and for the altar of the LORD, bin the place which He would choose, even to this day.

The Sun Stands Still


1 Now it came to pass when Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem aheard how Joshua had taken bAi and had utterly destroyed it—cas he had done to Jericho and its king, so he had done to dAi and its king— and ehow the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel and were among them,
2 that they afeared greatly, because Gibeon was a great city, like one of the royal cities, and because it was greater than Ai, and all its men were mighty.
3 Therefore Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem sent to Hoham king of Hebron, Piram king of Jarmuth, Japhia king of Lachish, and Debir king of Eglon, saying,
4 “Come up to me and help me, that we may attack Gibeon, for ait has made peace with Joshua and with the children of Israel.”
5 Therefore the five kings of the aAmorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon, bgathered together and went up, they and all their armies, and camped before Gibeon and made war against it.
6 And the men of Gibeon sent to Joshua at the camp aat Gilgal, saying, “Do not forsake your servants; come up to us quickly, save us and help us, for all the kings of the Amorites who dwell in the mountains have gathered together against us.”
7 So Joshua ascended from Gilgal, he and aall the people of war with him, and all the mighty men of valor.
8 And the LORD said to Joshua, a“Do not fear them, for I have deliv-

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ered them into your hand; bnot a man of them shall cstand before you.”
9 Joshua therefore came upon them suddenly, having marched all night from Gilgal.
10 So the LORD arouted them before Israel, killed them with a great slaughter at Gibeon, chased them along the road that goes bto Beth Horon, and struck them down as far as cAzekah and Makkedah.
11 And it happened, as they fled before Israel and were on the descent of Beth Horon, athat the LORD cast down large hailstones from heaven on them as far as Azekah, and they died. There were more who died from the hailstones than the children of Israel killed with the sword.
12 Then Joshua spoke to the LORD in the day when the LORD delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel:

a“Sun, stand still over Gibeon; And Moon, in the Valley of bAijalon.”
13 So the sun stood still, And the moon stopped, Till the people had revenge Upon their enemies.

aIs this not written in the Book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and did not hasten to go down for about a whole day.
14 And there has been ano day like that, before it or after it, that the LORD heeded the voice of a man; for bthe LORD fought for Israel.
15 aThen Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to the camp at Gilgal.

The Amorite Kings Executed

16 But these five kings had fled and hidden themselves in a cave at Makkedah.
17 And it was told Joshua, saying, “The five kings have been found hidden in the cave at Makkedah.”
18 So Joshua said, “Roll large stones against the mouth of the cave, and set men by it to guard them.
19 “And do not stay there yourselves, but pursue your enemies, and attack their rear guard. Do not allow them to enter their cities, for the LORD your God has delivered them into your hand.”
20 Then it happened, while Joshua and the children of Israel made an end of slaying them with a very great slaughter, till they had finished, that those who escaped entered fortified cities.
21 And all the people returned to the camp, to Joshua at Makkedah, in peace. aNo one 1moved his tongue against any of the children of Israel.
22 Then Joshua said, “Open the mouth of the cave, and bring out

8 bJosh. 1:5, 9
cJosh. 21:44
10 aJudg. 4:15;
1 Sam. 7:10,
12; Is. 28:21
bJosh. 16:3, 5
cJosh. 15:35
11 aIs. 30:30;
Rev. 16:21
12 aIs. 28:21;
Hab. 3:11
bJudg. 12:12
13 a2 Sam.
14 aIs. 38:7, 8
bEx. 14:14;
Deut. 1:30;
20:4; Josh.
10:42; 23:3
15 aJosh. 10:43
21 aEx. 11:7
1criticized, lit.
sharpened his
24 aPs. 107:40;
Is. 26:5, 6;
Mal. 4:3
25 aDeut.
31:6–8; Josh.
1:9 bDeut.
3:21; 7:19
1The captains
26 aJosh. 8:29;
2 Sam. 21:9
1The kings
27 aDeut.
21:22, 23;
Josh. 8:29
28 aDeut. 7:2,
16 bJosh. 6:21
1So with MT
and most
many Heb.
mss., some
LXX mss.,
and some Tg.
mss. it
29 aJosh.
15:42; 21:13;
2 Kin. 8:22;

JOSHUA 10:35

those five kings to me from the cave.”
23 And they did so, and brought out those five kings to him from the cave: the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon.
24 So it was,when they brought out those kings to Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said to the captains of the men of war who went with him, “Come near, put your feet on the necks of these kings.” And they drew near and aput their feet on their necks.
25 Then Joshua said to 1them, a“Do not be afraid, nor be dismayed; be strong and of good courage, for bthus the LORD will do to all your enemies against whom you fight.”
26 And afterward Joshua struck 1them and killed them, and hanged them on five trees; and they awere hanging on the trees until evening.
27 So it was at the time of the going down of the sun that Joshua commanded, and they atook them down from the trees, cast them into the cave where they had been hidden, and laid large stones against the cave’s mouth, which remain until this very day.

Conquest of the Southland

28 On that day Joshua took Makkedah, and struck it and its king with the edge of the sword. He utterly adestroyed 1them—all the people who were in it. He let none remain. He also did to the king of Makkedah bas he had done to the king of Jericho.
29 Then Joshua passed from Makkedah, and all Israel with him, to aLibnah; and they fought against Libnah.
30 And the LORD also delivered it and its king into the hand of Israel; he struck it and all the people who were in it with the edge of the sword. He let none remain in it, but did to its king as he had done to the king of Jericho.
31 Then Joshua passed from Libnah, and all Israel with him, to Lachish; and they encamped against it and fought against it.
32 And the LORD delivered Lachish into the hand of Israel, who took it on the second day, and struck it and all the people who were in it with the edge of the sword, according to all that he had done to Libnah.
33 Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua struck him and his people, until he left him none remaining.
34 From Lachish Joshua passed to Eglon, and all Israel with him; and they encamped against it and fought against it.
35 They took it on that day and

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JOSHUA 10:36

struck it with the edge of the sword; all the people who were in it he utterly destroyed that day, according to all that he had done to Lachish.
36 So Joshua went up from Eglon, and all Israel with him, to aHebron; and they fought against it.
37 And they took it and struck it with the edge of the sword—its king, all its cities, and all the people who were in it; he left none remaining, according to all that he had done to Eglon, but utterly destroyed it and all the people who were in it.
38 Then Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to aDebir; and they fought against it.
39 And he took it and its king and all its cities; they struck them with the edge of the sword and utterly destroyed all the people who were in it. He left none remaining; as he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir and its king, as he had done also to Libnah and its king.
40 So Joshua conquered all the land: the amountain country and the 1South and the lowland and the wilderness slopes, and ball their kings; he left none remaining, but cutterly destroyed all that breathed, as the LORD God of Israel had commanded.
41 And Joshua conquered them from aKadesh Barnea as far as bGaza, cand all the country of Goshen, even as far as Gibeon.
42 All these kings and their land Joshua took at one time, abecause the LORD God of Israel fought for Israel.
43 Then Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to the camp at Gilgal.

The Northern Conquest


1 And it came to pass, when Jabin king of Hazor heard these things, that he asent to Jobab king of Madon, to the king bof Shimron, to the king of Achshaph,
2 and to the kings who were from the north, in the mountains, in the plain south of aChinneroth, in the lowland, and in the heights bof Dor on the west,
3 to the Canaanites in the east and in the west, the aAmorite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Jebusite in the mountains, band the Hivite below cHermon din the land of Mizpah.
4 So they went out, they and all their armies with them, as many people aas the sand that is on the seashore in multitude, with very many horses and chariots.
5 And when all these kings had 1met together, they came and camped together at the waters of Merom to fight against Israel.
6 But the LORD said to Joshua, a“Do not be afraid because of them, for tomorrow about this time I will deliver all of them slain before Israel.

36 aJosh.
38 aJosh. 15:15
40 aDeut. 1:7
bDeut. 7:24
cDeut. 20:16,
17 1Heb.
Negev, and so
the book
41 aDeut. 9:23
bGen. 10:19
cJosh. 11:16;
42 aJosh. 10:14

CHAPTER 11 References

1 aJosh. 10:3
bJosh. 19:15
2 aNum. 34:11
bJosh. 17:11
3 aJosh. 9:1
bJudg. 3:3, 5
cJosh. 11:17;
13:5, 11 dGen.
4 aJudg. 7:12
5 1Lit. assembled
6 aJosh. 10:8
b2 Sam. 8:4
8 aGen. 49:13
bJosh. 13:6
1Heb. Sidon
Rabbah 2Heb.
Maim, lit.
Burnings of
11 aDeut.
20:16 bJosh.
12 aNum.
13 1Heb. tel, a
heap of successive
14 aDeut.
15 aEx.
bDeut. 31:7, 8
cJosh. 1:7 1Lit.
He turned
aside from
16 aJosh. 12:8
bJosh. 10:40,
41 1Heb.
17 aJosh. 12:7
bDeut. 7:24
1Lit. The
Smooth or
Bald Mountain
19 aJosh. 9:3–7
20 aDeut. 2:30
1Lit. to make

You shall bhamstring their horses and burn their chariots with fire.”
7 So Joshua and all the people of war with him came against them suddenly by the waters of Merom, and they attacked them.
8 And the LORD delivered them into the hand of Israel, who defeated them and chased them to 1Greater aSidon, to the 2Brook bMisrephoth, and to the Valley of Mizpah eastward; they attacked them until they left none of them remaining.
9 So Joshua did to them as the LORD had told him: he hamstrung their horses and burned their chariots with fire.
10 Joshua turned back at that time and took Hazor, and struck its king with the sword; for Hazor was formerly the head of all those kingdoms.
11 And they struck all the people who were in it with the edge of the sword, autterly destroying them. There was none left bbreathing. Then he burned Hazor with fire.
12 So all the cities of those kings, and all their kings, Joshua took and struck with the edge of the sword. He utterly destroyed them, aas Moses the servant of the LORD had commanded.
13 But as for the cities that stood on their 1mounds, Israel burned none of them, except Hazor only, which Joshua burned.
14 And all the aspoil of these cities and the livestock, the children of Israel took as booty for themselves; but they struck every man with the edge of the sword until they had destroyed them, and they left none breathing.
15 aAs the LORD had commanded Moses his servant, so bMoses commanded Joshua, and cso Joshua did. 1He left nothing undone of all that the LORD had commanded Moses.

Summary of Joshua’s Conquests

16 Thus Joshua took all this land: athe mountain country, all the South, ball the land of Goshen, the lowland, and the Jordan 1plain— the mountains of Israel and its lowlands,
17 afrom 1Mount Halak and the ascent to Seir, even as far as Baal Gad in the Valley of Lebanon below Mount Hermon. He captured ball their kings, and struck them down and killed them.
18 Joshua made war a long time with all those kings.
19 There was not a city that made peace with the children of Israel, except athe Hivites, the inhabitants of Gibeon. All the others they took in battle.
20 For ait was of the LORD 1to harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle, that He might utterly destroy them, and that they

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might receive no mercy, but that He might destroy them, bas the LORD had commanded Moses.
21 And at that time Joshua came and cut off athe Anakim from the mountains: from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel; Joshua utterly destroyed them with their cities.
22 None of the Anakim were left in the land of the children of Israel; they remained only ain Gaza, in Gath, band in Ashdod.
23 So Joshua took the whole land, aaccording to all that the LORD had said to Moses; and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel baccording to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land crested from war.

The Kings Conquered by Moses


1 These are the kings of the land whom the children of Israel defeated, and whose land they possessed on the other side of the Jordan toward the rising of the sun, afrom the River Arnon bto Mount Hermon, and all the eastern Jordan plain:
2 One king was aSihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Heshbon and ruled half of Gilead, from Aroer, which is on the bank of the River Arnon, from the middle of that river, even as far as the River Jabbok, which is the border of the Ammonites,
3 and athe eastern Jordan plain from the 1Sea of Chinneroth as far as the 2Sea of the Arabah (the Salt Sea), bthe road to Beth Jeshimoth, and 3southward below cthe4 slopes of Pisgah.
4 The other king was aOg king of Bashan and his territory, who was of bthe remnant of the giants, cwho dwelt at Ashtaroth and at Edrei,
5 and reigned over aMount Hermon, bover Salcah, over all Bashan, cas far as the border of the Geshurites and the Maachathites, and over half of Gilead to the border of Sihon king of Heshbon.
6 aThese Moses the servant of the LORD and the children of Israel had conquered; and bMoses the servant of the LORD had given it as a possession to the Reubenites, the Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh.

The Kings Conquered by Joshua

7 And these are the kings of the country awhich Joshua and the children of Israel conquered on this side of the Jordan, on the west, from Baal Gad in the Valley of Lebanon as far as 1Mount Halak and the ascent to bSeir, which Joshua cgave to the tribes of Israel as a possession according to their divisions,
8 ain the mountain country, in the lowlands, in the Jordan plain, in the

20 bDeut.
20:16, 17
21 aNum.
13:22, 33
22 a1 Sam.
17:4 bJosh.
23 aNum.
bNum. 26:53
cDeut. 12:9,
10; 25:19

CHAPTER 12 References

1 aNum. 21:24
bDeut. 3:8
2 aDeut.
3 aDeut. 3:17
bJosh. 13:20
cDeut. 3:17;
4:49 1Sea of
Galilee 2Lit.
Sea of the
Plain, the
Dead Sea 3Or
Teman 4Or
Ashdoth Pisgah
4 aNum. 21:33
bDeut. 3:11
cDeut. 1:4
5 aDeut. 3:8
bDeut. 3:10
cDeut. 3:14
6 aNum. 21:24,
35 bNum.
7 aJosh. 11:17
bGen. 14:6;
32:3 cJosh.
11:23 1Lit. The
Bald Mountain
8 aJosh. 10:40;
11:16 bEx. 3:8;
9 aJosh. 6:2
bJosh. 8:29
10 aJosh. 10:23
12 aJosh. 10:33
13 aJosh.
10:38, 39
15 aJosh.
10:29, 30
16 aJosh. 10:28
bJudg. 1:22
17 a1 Kin. 4:10
18 1Or Sharon
19 aJosh. 11:10
20 aJosh. 11:1;
22 aJosh.
19:37; 20:7;
23 aJosh. 11:2
bIs. 9:1
24 aDeut. 7:24

slopes, in the wilderness, and in the South—bthe Hittites, the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites:
9 athe king of Jericho, one; bthe king of Ai, which is beside Bethel, one;
10 athe king of Jerusalem, one; the king of Hebron, one;
11 the king of Jarmuth, one; the king of Lachish, one;
12 the king of Eglon, one; athe king of Gezer, one;
13 athe king of Debir, one; the king of Geder, one;
14 the king of Hormah, one; the king of Arad, one;
15 athe king of Libnah, one; the king of Adullam, one;
16 athe king of Makkedah, one; bthe king of Bethel, one;
17 the king of Tappuah, one; athe king of Hepher, one;
18 the king of Aphek, one; the king of 1Lasharon, one;
19 the king of Madon, one; athe king of Hazor, one;
20 the king of aShimron Meron, one; the king of Achshaph, one;
21 the king of Taanach, one; the king of Megiddo, one;
22 athe king of Kedesh, one; the king of Jokneam in Carmel, one;
23 the king of Dor in the aheights of Dor, one; the king of bthe people of Gilgal, one;
24 the king of Tirzah, one—aall the kings, thirty-one.

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An Invocation and a Doxology

To the Chief Musician. On 1stringed instruments. A Psalm. A Song.

1 GOD be merciful to us and bless us, And acause His face to shine upon us, Selah
2 That aYour way may be known on earth, bYour salvation among all nations.

3 Let the peoples praise You, O God; Let all the peoples praise You.
4 Oh, let the nations be glad and sing for joy! For aYou shall judge the people righteously, And govern the nations on earth. Selah

PSALM 67 References

title 1Heb.
1 aNum. 6:25
2 aActs 18:25
bIs. 52:10;
Titus 2:11
4 a[Ps. 96:10,
13; 98:9] 6 aLev. 26:4;
Ps. 85:12;
[Ezek. 34:27];
Zech. 8:12
1give her produce

5 Let the peoples praise You, O God; Let all the peoples praise You.
6 aThen the earth shall 1yield her increase; God, our own God, shall bless us.
7 God shall bless us, And all the ends of the earth shall fear Him.




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