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Rise & Fall of Israel’s Kingdom

(Category 7 of 16)

In this video we explore the mysterious promise on page three of the Bible, that a promised deliverer would one day come to confront evil and rescue humanity. We trace this theme through the family of Abraham, the messianic lineage of David, and ultimately to Jesus who defeated evil by letting it defeat him.

Explore The Messiah

The Messiah (THM)

 

page 273

Ishbosheth Is Murdered

4

1 When Saul’s 1son heard that Abner had died in Hebron, ahe2 lost heart, and all Israel was btroubled.
2 Now Saul’s son had two men who were captains of troops. The name of one was Baanah and the name of the other Rechab, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, of the children of Benjamin. (For aBeeroth also was 1part of Benjamin,
3 because the Beerothites fled to aGittaim and have been sojourners there until this day.)
4 aJonathan, Saul’s son, had a son who was lame in his feet. He was five years old when the news about Saul and Jonathan came bfrom Jezreel; and his nurse took him up and fled. And it happened, as she made haste to flee, that he fell and became lame. His name was cMephibosheth.1
5 Then the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, Rechab and Baanah, set out and came at about the heat of the day to the ahouse of Ishbosheth, who was lying on his bed at noon.
6 And they came there, all the way into the house, as though to get wheat, and they 1stabbed him ain the stomach. Then Rechab and Baanah his brother escaped.
7 For when they came into the

CHAPTER 4 References

1 aEzra 4:4;
Is. 13:7 bMatt.
2:3 1Ishbosheth
1Lit. his
hands
dropped
2 aJosh. 18:25
1considered
part of
3 aNeh. 11:33
4 a2 Sam. 9:3
b1 Sam. 29:1,
11 c2 Sam. 9:6
1Merib-Baal,
1 Chr. 8:34;
9:40
5 a2 Sam.
2:8, 9
6 a2 Sam.
2:23; 20:10
1Lit. struck
8 a1 Sam.
19:2, 10, 11;
23:15; 25:29
9 aGen. 48:16;
1 Kin. 1:29;
Ps. 31:7
10 a2 Sam.
1:2–16
11 a[Gen. 9:5,
6; Ps. 9:12] 1Or bloodshed
2Lit.
consume you
12 a2 Sam.
1:15 b2 Sam.
3:32

CHAPTER 5 References

1 a1 Chr.
11:1–3 bGen.
29:14; Judg.
9:2; 2 Sam.
19:12, 13
2 a1 Sam.
18:5, 13, 16
b1 Sam. 16:1
3 a2 Sam.
3:17; 1 Chr.
11:3 b2 Sam.
2:4; 3:21;
2 Kin. 11:17
cJudg. 11:11;
1 Sam. 23:18
4 aGen. 41:46;
Num. 4:3;
Luke 3:23
b1 Kin. 2:11;
1 Chr. 26:31;
29:27
5 a2 Sam.
2:11; 1 Chr.
3:4; 29:27
6 aJudg. 1:21
bJosh. 15:63;
Judg. 1:8;
19:11, 12

2 SAMUEL 5:7

house, he was lying on his bed in his bedroom; then they struck him and killed him, beheaded him and took his head, and were all night escaping through the plain.
8 And they brought the head of Ishbosheth to David at Hebron, and said to the king, “Here is the head of Ishbosheth, the son of Saul your enemy, awho sought your life; and the LORD has avenged my lord the king this day of Saul and his descendants.”
9 But David answered Rechab and Baanah his brother, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, and said to them, “As the LORD lives, awho has redeemed my life from all adversity,
10 “when asomeone told me, saying, ‘Look, Saul is dead,’ thinking to have brought good news, I arrested him and had him executed in Ziklag— the one who thought I would give him a reward for his news.
11 “How much more, when wicked men have killed a righteous person in his own house on his bed? Therefore, shall I not now arequire his 1blood at your hand and 2remove you from the earth?”
12 So David acommanded his young men, and they executed them, cut off their hands and feet, and hanged them by the pool in Hebron. But they took the head of Ishbosheth and buried it in the btomb of Abner in Hebron.

David Reigns over All Israel

5

1 Then all the tribes of Israel acame to David at Hebron and spoke, saying, “Indeed bwe are your bone and your flesh.
2 “Also, in time past, when Saul was king over us, ayou were the one who led Israel out and brought them in; and the LORD said to you, b‘You shall shepherd My people Israel, and be ruler over Israel.’ ”
3 aTherefore all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, band King David made a covenant with them at Hebron cbefore the LORD. And they anointed David king over Israel.
4 David was athirty years old when he began to reign, and bhe reigned forty years.
5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah aseven years and six months, and in Jerusalem he reigned thirtythree years over all Israel and Judah.

The Conquest of Jerusalem

6 aAnd the king and his men went to Jerusalem against bthe Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land, who spoke to David, saying, “You shall not come in here; but the blind and the lame will repel you,” thinking, “David cannot come in here.”
7 Nevertheless David took the

page 274

2 SAMUEL 5:8

stronghold of Zion a(that is, the City of David).
8 Now David said on that day, “Whoever climbs up by way of the water shaft and defeats the Jebusites (the lame and the blind, who are hated by David’s soul), ahe shall be chief and captain.” Therefore they say, “The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.”
9 Then David dwelt in the stronghold, and called it athe City of David. And David built all around from 1the Millo and inward.
10 So David went on and became great, and athe LORD God of hosts was with bhim.
11 Then aHiram bking of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters and masons. And they built David a house.
12 So David knew that the LORD had established him as king over Israel, and that He had aexalted His kingdom bfor the sake of His people Israel.
13 And aDavid took more concubines and wives from Jerusalem, after he had come from Hebron. Also more sons and daughters were born to David.
14 Now athese are the names of those who were born to him in Jerusalem: 1Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, bSolomon,
15 Ibhar, 1Elishua, Nepheg, Japhia,
16 Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphelet.

The Philistines Defeated

17 aNow when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines went up to search for David. And David heard of it band went down to the stronghold.
18 The Philistines also went and deployed themselves in athe Valley of Rephaim.
19 So David ainquired of the LORD, saying, “Shall I go up against the Philistines? Will You deliver them into my hand?” And the LORD said to David, “Go up, for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into your hand.”
20 So David went to aBaal Perazim, and David defeated them there; and he said, “The LORD has broken through my enemies before me, like a breakthrough of water.” Therefore he called the name of that place 1Baal Perazim.
21 And they left their 1images there, and David and his men acarried them away.
22 aThen the Philistines went up once again and deployed themselves in the Valley of Rephaim.
23 Therefore aDavid inquired of the LORD, and He said, “You shall not go up; circle around behind them, and come upon them in front of the mulberry trees.

7 a1 Kin. 2:10;
8:1; 9:24
8 a1 Chr.
11:6–9
9 a2 Sam. 5:7
1Lit. The
Landfill
10 a1 Sam.
17:45 b1 Sam.
18:12, 28
11 a1 Kin.
5:1–18 b1 Chr.
14:1
12 aNum. 24:7
bIs. 45:4
13 a[Deut.
17:17] 14 a1 Chr.
3:5–8 b2 Sam.
12:24
1Shimea,
1 Chr. 3:5
15 1Elishama,
1 Chr. 3:6
17 a1 Chr.
11:16 b2 Sam.
23:14
18 a1 Chr.
11:15
19 a1 Sam.
23:2
20 aIs. 28:21
1Lit. Master
of Breakthroughs
21 aDeut. 7:5,
25 1idols
22 a1 Chr.
14:13
23 a2 Sam.
5:19
24 a1 Chr.
14:15 bJudg.
4:14
25 a1 Chr.
14:16 bJosh.
16:10 1So
with MT, Tg.,
Vg.; LXX
Gibeon

CHAPTER 6 References

2 a1 Chr. 13:5,
6 bPs. 80:1
1Baalah, Kirjath
Jearim,
Josh. 15:9;
1 Chr. 13:6
2LXX, Tg.,
Vg. omit by
the Name;
many Heb.
mss., Syr.
there
3 a1 Sam. 26:1
1LXX adds
with the ark
4 a1 Sam. 7:1
5 a1 Sam.
18:6, 7
6 a1 Chr. 13:9
bNum. 4:15,
19, 20 1held it
7 1Or irreverence
8 1Lit. Outburst
Against Uzzah
9 aPs. 119:120
10 a2 Sam. 5:7
b1 Chr. 13:13;
26:4–8
11 a1 Chr.
13:14 bGen.
30:27; 39:5
12 a1 Chr.
15:25—16:3
13 aJosh. 3:3

24 “And it shall be, when you ahear the sound of marching in the tops of the mulberry trees, then you shall advance quickly. For then bthe LORD will go out before you to strike the camp of the Philistines.”
25 And David did so, as the LORD commanded him; and he drove back the Philistines from aGeba1 as far as bGezer.

The Ark Brought to Jerusalem

6

1 Again David gathered all the choice men of Israel, thirty thousand.
2 And aDavid arose and went with all the people who were with him from 1Baale Judah to bring up from there the ark of God, whose name is called 2by the Name, the LORD of Hosts, bwho dwells between the cherubim.
3 So they set the ark of God on a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab, which was on athe hill; and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drove the new 1cart.
4 And they brought it out of athe house of Abinadab, which was on the hill, accompanying the ark of God; and Ahio went before the ark.
5 Then David and all the house of Israel aplayed music before the LORD on all kinds of instruments of fir wood, on harps, on stringed instruments, on tambourines, on sistrums, and on cymbals.
6 And when they came to aNachon’s threshing floor, Uzzah put out his bhand to the ark of God and 1took hold of it, for the oxen stumbled.
7 Then the anger of the LORD was aroused against Uzzah, and God struck him there for his 1error; and he died there by the ark of God.
8 And David became angry because of the LORD’s outbreak against Uzzah; and he called the name of the place 1Perez Uzzah to this day.
9 aDavid was afraid of the LORD that day; and he said, “How can the ark of the LORD come to me?”
10 So David would not move the ark of the LORD with him into the aCity of David; but David took it aside into the house of Obed-Edom the bGittite.
11 aThe ark of the LORD remained in the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite three months. And the LORD bblessed Obed-Edom and all his household.
12 Now it was told King David, saying, “The LORD has blessed the house of Obed-Edom and all that belongs to him, because of the ark of God.” aSo David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obed-Edom to the City of David with gladness.
13 And so it was,when athose bearing the ark of the LORD had gone six

page 275

paces, that he sacrificed boxen and fatted sheep.
14 Then David adanced1 before the LORD with all his might; and David was wearing ba linen ephod.
15 aSo David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouting and with the sound of the trumpet.
16 Now as the ark of the LORD came into the City of David, aMichal, Saul’s daughter, looked through a window and saw King David leaping and whirling before the LORD; and she despised him in her heart.
17 So athey brought the ark of the LORD, and set it in bits place in the midst of the tabernacle that David had erected for it. Then David coffered burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD.
18 And when David had finished offering burnt offerings and peace offerings, ahe blessed the people in the name of the LORD of hosts.
19 aThen he distributed among all the people, among the whole multitude of Israel, both the women and the men, to everyone a loaf of bread, a piece of meat, and a cake of raisins. So all the people departed, everyone to his house.
20 aThen David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and said, “How glorious was the king of Israel today, buncovering himself today in the eyes of the maids of his servants, as one of the cbase fellows 1shamelessly uncovers himself!”
21 So David said to Michal, “It was before the LORD, awho chose me instead of your father and all his house, to appoint me ruler over the bpeople of the LORD, over Israel. Therefore I will play music before the LORD.
22 “And I will be even more undignified than this, and will be humble in my own sight. But as for the maidservants of whom you have spoken, by them I will be held in honor.”
23 Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul had no children ato the day of her death.

God’s Covenant with David

7

1 Now it came to pass awhen the king was dwelling in his house, and the LORD had given him rest from all his enemies all around,
2 that the king said to Nathan the prophet, “See now, I dwell in aa house of cedar, bbut the ark of God dwells inside tent ccurtains.”
3 Then Nathan said to the king, “Go, do all that is in your aheart, for the LORD is with you.”
4 But it happened that night that the word of the LORD came to Nathan, saying,
5 “Go and tell My servant David,

13 b1 Kin. 8:5
14 aPs. 30:11;
149:3 b1 Sam.
2:18, 28
1whirled
about
15 a1 Chr.
15:28
16 a2 Sam.
3:14
17 a1 Chr. 16:1
b1 Chr. 15:1
c1 Kin. 8:5,
62, 63
18 a1 Kin.
8:14, 15, 55
19 a1 Chr. 16:3
20 aPs. 30:title
b2 Sam. 6:14,
16 cJudg. 9:4
1openly
21 a1 Sam.
13:14; 15:28
b2 Kin. 11:17
23 aIs. 22:14

CHAPTER 7 References

1 a1 Chr.
17:1–27
2 a2 Sam. 5:11
bActs 7:46
cEx. 26:1
3 a1 Kin. 8:17,
18
5 a1 Kin. 5:3,
4; 8:19
6 a1 Kin. 8:16
bEx. 40:18, 34
7 aLev. 26:11,
12 b2 Sam.
5:2
8 a1 Sam.
16:11, 12
9 a2 Sam. 5:10
b1 Sam. 31:6
1destroyed
10 aPs. 44:2;
80:8 bPs.
89:22, 23
11 aJudg.
2:14–16
b2 Sam. 7:27
1declares to
you 2Royal
dynasty
12 a1 Kin. 2:1
bDeut. 31:16
cPs. 132:11
13 a1 Kin. 5:5;
8:19 b[Is. 9:7;
49:8] 14 a[Heb. 1:5] b[Ps. 2:7;
89:26, 27, 30] 1strokes
15 a1 Sam.
15:23, 28;
16:14
16 a2 Sam.
7:13 1LXX Me
18 aEx. 3:11
19 a[Is.
55:8, 9]

2 SAMUEL 7:19

‘Thus says the LORD: a“Would you build a house for Me to dwell in?
6 “For I have not dwelt in a house asince the time that I brought the children of Israel up from Egypt, even to this day, but have moved about in ba tent and in a tabernacle.
7 “Wherever I have amoved about with all the children of Israel, have I ever spoken a word to anyone from the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded bto shepherd My people Israel, saying, ‘Why have you not built Me a house of cedar?’ ” ’
8 “Now therefore, thus shall you say to My servant David, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts: a“I took you from the sheepfold, from following the sheep, to be ruler over My people, over Israel.
9 “And aI have been with you wherever you have gone, band have 1cut off all your enemies from before you, and have made you a great name, like the name of the great men who are on the earth.
10 “Moreover I will appoint a place for My people Israel, and will aplant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own and move no more; bnor shall the sons of wickedness oppress them anymore, as previously,
11 a“since the time that I commanded judges to be over My people Israel, and have caused you to rest from all your enemies. Also the LORD 1tells you bthat He will make you a 2house.
12 a“When your days are fulfilled and you brest with your fathers, cI will set up your seed after you, who will come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom.
13 a“He shall build a house for My name, and I will bestablish the throne of his kingdom forever.
14 a“I will be his Father, and he shall be bMy son. If he commits iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men and with the 1blows of the sons of men.
15 “But My mercy shall not depart from him, aas I took it from Saul, whom I removed from before you.
16 “And ayour house and your kingdom shall be established forever before 1you. Your throne shall be established forever.” ’ ”
17 According to all these words and according to all this vision, so Nathan spoke to David.

David’s Thanksgiving to God

18 Then King David went in and sat before the LORD; and he said: a“Who am I, O Lord GOD? And what is my house, that You have brought me this far?
19 “And yet this was a small thing in Your sight, O Lord GOD; and You have also spoken of Your servant’s house for a great while to come. aIs this the manner of man, O Lord GOD?

page 276

2 SAMUEL 7:20

20 “Now what more can David say to You? For You, Lord GOD, aknow Your servant.
21 “For Your word’s sake, and according to Your own heart, You have done all these great things, to make Your servant know them.
22 “Therefore aYou are great, 1O Lord GOD. For bthere is none like You, nor is there any God besides You, according to all that we have heard with our cears.
23 “And who is like Your people, like Israel, athe one nation on the earth whom God went to redeem for Himself as a people, to make for Himself a name—and to do for Yourself great and awesome deeds for Your land— before bYour people whom You redeemed for Yourself from Egypt, the nations, and their gods?
24 “For aYou have made Your people Israel Your very own people forever; band You, LORD, have become their God.
25 “Now, O LORD God, the word which You have spoken concerning Your servant and concerning his house, establish it forever and do as You have said.
26 “So let Your name be magnified forever, saying, ‘The LORD of hosts is the God over Israel.’ And let the house of Your servant David be established before You.
27 “For You, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, have revealed this to Your servant, saying, ‘I will build you a house.’ Therefore Your servant has found it in his heart to pray this prayer to You.
28 “And now, O Lord GOD,You are God, and aYour words are true, and You have promised this goodness to Your servant.
29 “Now therefore, let it please You to bless the house of Your servant, that it may continue before You forever; for You, O Lord GOD, have spoken it, and with Your blessing let the house of Your servant be blessed aforever.”

David’s Further Conquests

8

1 After this it came to pass that David 1attacked the Philistines and subdued them. And David took 2Metheg Ammah from the hand of the Philistines.
2 Then ahe defeated Moab. Forcing them down to the ground, he measured them off with a line.With two lines he measured off those to be put to death, and with one full line those to be kept alive. So the Moabites became David’s bservants, and cbrought tribute.
3 David also defeated Hadadezer the son of Rehob, king of aZobah, as he went to recover bhis territory at the River Euphrates.
4 David took from him one thou-

20 aJohn 21:17
22 aDeut.
10:17 bEx.
15:11 cEx.
10:2 1Tg.,
Syr. O LORD
God
23 aPs. 147:20
bDeut. 9:26;
33:29
24 a[Deut.
26:18] bPs.
48:14
28 aJohn 17:17
29 a2 Sam.
22:51

CHAPTER 8 References

1 1Lit. struck
2Lit. The Bridle
of the
Mother City
2 aNum. 24:17
b2 Sam. 12:31
c1 Kin. 4:21
3 a1 Sam.
14:47 b2 Sam.
10:15–19
4 aJosh. 11:6,
9 1seven
thousand,
1 Chr. 18:4
5 a1 Kin.
11:23–25
6 a2 Sam. 7:9;
8:14
7 a1 Kin. 10:16
8 aEzek. 47:16
1Tibhath,
1 Chr. 18:8
2Chun,
1 Chr. 18:8
9 a1 Kin. 8:65
1Tou, 1 Chr.
18:9
10 1Hadoram,
1 Chr. 18:10
2Lit. ask him
of his welfare
11 a1 Kin. 7:51
12 a2 Sam.
5:17–25
1LXX, Syr.,
Heb. mss.
Edom
13 a2 Sam. 7:9
b2 Kin. 14:7
c1 Chr. 18:12
1LXX, Syr.,
Heb. mss.
Edomites
and 1 Chr.
18:12
14 aGen.
27:29, 37–40
16 a2 Sam.
19:13; 20:23
b1 Kin. 4:3
17 a1 Chr.
6:4–8; 24:3
1Shavsha,
1 Chr. 18:16
2secretary
18 a1 Chr.
18:17 b1 Sam.
30:14 1Lit.
priests

sand chariots, 1seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand foot soldiers. Also David ahamstrung all the chariot horses, except that he spared enough of them for one hundred chariots.
5 aWhen the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David killed twenty-two thousand of the Syrians.
6 Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus; and the Syrians became David’s servants, and brought tribute. So athe LORD preserved David wherever he went.
7 And David took athe shields of gold that had belonged to the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.
8 Also from 1Betah and from aBerothai,2 cities of Hadadezer, King David took a large amount of bronze.
9 When 1Toi king of aHamath heard that David had defeated all the army of Hadadezer,
10 then Toi sent 1Joram his son to King David, to 2greet him and bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer and defeated him (for Hadadezer had been at war with Toi); and Joram brought with him articles of silver, articles of gold, and articles of bronze.
11 King David also adedicated these to the LORD, along with the silver and gold that he had dedicated from all the nations which he had subdued
12 from 1Syria, from Moab, from the people of Ammon, from the aPhilistines, from Amalek, and from the spoil of Hadadezer the son of Rehob, king of Zobah.
13 And David made himself a aname when he returned from killing beighteen thousand 1Syrians in cthe Valley of Salt.
14 He also put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom he put garrisons, and aall the Edomites became David’s servants. And the LORD preserved David wherever he went.

David’s Administration

15 So David reigned over all Israel; and David administered judgment and justice to all his people.
16 aJoab the son of Zeruiah was over the army; bJehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;
17 aZadok the son of Ahitub and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar were the priests; 1Seraiah was the 2scribe;
18 aBenaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the bCherethites and the Pelethites; and David’s sons were 1chief ministers.

page 520

PSALM 88

A Prayer for Help in Despondency

A Song. A Psalm of the sons of Korah. To the Chief Musician. Set to “Mahalath Leannoth.” A 1Contemplation of aHeman the Ezrahite.

1 O LORD, aGod of my salvation, I have cried out day and night before You.
2 Let my prayer come before You; 1Incline Your ear to my cry.

3 For my soul is full of troubles, And my life adraws near to the grave.
4 I am counted with those who ago1 down to the pit; bI am like a man who has no strength,
5 1Adrift among the dead, Like the slain who lie in the grave, Whom You remember no more, And who are cut off from Your hand.

6 You have laid me in the lowest pit, In darkness, in the depths.
7 Your wrath lies heavy upon me, And You have afflicted me with all aYour waves. Selah
8 aYou have 1put away my acquaintances far from me; You have made me an abomination to them; bI am shut up, and I cannot get out;

PSALM 88 References

title a1 Kin.
4:31; 1 Chr.
2:6 1Heb.
Maschil
1 aPs. 27:9;
[Luke 18:7] 2 1Listen to
3 aPs. 107:18
4 a[Ps. 28:1] bPs. 31:12
1Die
5 1Lit. Free
7 aPs. 42:7
8 aJob 19:13,
19; Ps. 31:11;
142:4 bLam.
3:7 1taken
away my
friends
9 aPs. 86:3
10 1shades,
ghosts
16 1destroyed
me
18 aJob 19:13;
Ps. 31:11;
38:11

9 My eye wastes away because of affliction.

aLORD, I have called daily upon You; I have stretched out my hands to You.
10 Will You work wonders for the dead? Shall 1the dead arise and praise You? Selah
11 Shall Your lovingkindness be declared in the grave? Or Your faithfulness in the place of destruction?
12 Shall Your wonders be known in the dark? And Your righteousness in the land of forgetfulness?

13 But to You I have cried out, O LORD, And in the morning my prayer comes before You.
14 LORD, why do You cast off my soul? Why do You hide Your face from me?
15 I have been afflicted and ready to die from my youth; I suffer Your terrors; I am distraught.
16 Your fierce wrath has gone over me; Your terrors have 1cut me off.
17 They came around me all day long like water; They engulfed me altogether.
18 aLoved one and friend You have put far from me, And my acquaintances into darkness.

 
 

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