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The Wisdom of Israel

(Category 9 of 16)

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CHAPTER 16 References

1 aJer. 10:23
bMatt. 10:19
2 aProv. 21:2
3 aPs. 37:5;
Prov. 3:6;
[1 Pet. 5:7] 1Lit. Roll
4 aIs. 43:7;
Rom. 11:36
bJob 21:30;
[Rom. 9:22] 1Lit. evil
5 aProv. 6:17;
8:13 1Lit.
hand to hand
6 aDan. 4:27;
Luke 11:41
bProv. 8:13;
8 aPs. 37:16;
Prov. 15:16
9 aProv. 19:21
bPs. 37:23;
Prov. 20:24;
Jer. 10:23
11 aLev. 19:36


1 The apreparations1 of the heart belong to man, bBut the answer of the tongue is from the LORD.

2 All the ways of a man are pure in his own aeyes, But the LORD weighs the spirits.

3 aCommit1 your works to the LORD, And your thoughts will be established.

4 The aLORD has made all for Himself, bYes, even the wicked for the day of 1doom.

5 aEveryone proud in heart is an abomination to the LORD; Though they join 1forces, none will go unpunished.

6 aIn mercy and truth Atonement is provided for iniquity; And bby the fear of the LORD one departs from evil.

7 When a man’s ways please the LORD, He makes even his enemies to be at peace with him.

8 aBetter is a little with righteousness, Than vast revenues without justice.

9 aA man’s heart plans his way, bBut the LORD directs his steps.

10 Divination is on the lips of the king; His mouth must not transgress in judgment.
11 aHonest weights and scales are the LORD’s; All the weights in the bag are His 1work.

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12 It is an abomination for kings to commit wickedness, For aa throne is established by righteousness.
13 aRighteous lips are the delight of kings, And they love him who speaks what is right.
14 As messengers of death is the king’s wrath, But a wise man will aappease it.
15 In the light of the king’s face is life, And his favor is like a acloud of the latter rain.

16 aHow much better to get wisdom than gold! And to get understanding is to be chosen rather than silver.

17 The highway of the upright is to depart from evil; He who keeps his way preserves his soul.

18 Pride goes before destruction, And a haughty spirit before 1a fall.
19 Better to be of a humble spirit with the lowly, Than to divide the 1spoil with the proud.

20 He who heeds the word wisely will find good, And whoever atrusts in the LORD, happy is he.

21 The wise in heart will be called prudent, And sweetness of the lips increases learning.

22 Understanding is a wellspring of life to him who has it. But the correction of fools is folly.

23 The heart of the wise teaches his mouth, And adds learning to his lips.

24 Pleasant words are like a honeycomb, Sweetness to the soul and health to the bones.

25 There is a way that seems right to a man, But its end is the way of adeath.

26 The person who labors, labors for himself, For his hungry mouth drives ahim on.

27 1An ungodly man digs up evil, And it is on his lips like a burning afire.
28 A perverse man sows strife, And aa whisperer separates the best of friends.

12 aProv. 25:5
13 aProv. 14:35
14 aProv. 25:15
15 aZech. 10:1
16 aProv. 8:10,
11, 19
18 1stumbling
19 1plunder
20 aPs. 34:8;
Jer. 17:7
25 aProv. 14:12
26 a[Eccl. 6:7;
John 6:35] 27 a[James 3:6] 1Lit. A man of
28 aProv. 17:9
30 1Lit. compresses
31 aProv. 20:29
32 aProv.
14:29; 19:11
1 aProv. 15:17
1Or sacrificial
2 aProv. 10:5
3 a1 Chr.
29:17; Ps.
26:2; Prov.
15:11; Jer.
17:10; [Mal.
3:3] 4 1Lit. destructive
5 aProv. 14:31
bJob 31:29;
Prov. 24:17;
Obad. 12;
1 Cor. 13:6
6 a[Ps. 127:3;
128:3] 9 a[Prov. 10:12;
1 Cor. 13:5–7;
James 5:20] bProv. 16:28
10 aProv.
10:17; [Mic.

29 A violent man entices his neighbor, And leads him in a way that is not good.
30 He winks his eye to devise perverse things; He 1purses his lips and brings about evil.

31 aThe silver-haired head is a crown of glory, If it is found in the way of righteousness.

32 aHe who is slow to anger is better than the mighty, And he who rules his spirit than he who takes a city.

33 The lot is cast into the lap, But its every decision is from the LORD.


1 Better is aa dry morsel with quietness, Than a house full of 1feasting with strife.

2 A wise servant will rule over aa son who causes shame, And will share an inheritance among the brothers.

3 The refining pot is for silver and the furnace for gold, aBut the LORD tests the hearts.

4 An evildoer gives heed to false lips; A liar listens eagerly to a 1spiteful tongue.

5 aHe who mocks the poor reproaches his Maker; bHe who is glad at calamity will not go unpunished.

6 aChildren’s children are the crown of old men, And the glory of children is their father.

7 Excellent speech is not becoming to a fool, Much less lying lips to a prince.

8 A present is a precious stone in the eyes of its possessor; Wherever he turns, he prospers.

9 aHe who covers a transgression seeks love, But bhe who repeats a matter separates friends.

10 aRebuke is more effective for a wise man Than a hundred blows on a fool.

11 An evil man seeks only rebellion;

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Therefore a cruel messenger will be sent against him.

12 Let a man meet aa bear robbed of her cubs, Rather than a fool in his folly.

13 Whoever arewards evil for good, Evil will not depart from his house.

14 The beginning of strife is like releasing water; Therefore astop contention before a quarrel starts.

15 aHe who justifies the wicked, and he who condemns the just, Both of them alike are an abomination to the LORD.

16 Why is there in the hand of a fool the purchase price of wisdom, Since he has no heart for it?

17 aA friend loves at all times, And a brother is born for adversity.

18 aA man devoid of 1understanding 2shakes hands in a pledge, And becomes 3surety for his friend.

19 He who loves transgression loves strife, And ahe who exalts his gate seeks destruction.

20 He who has a 1deceitful heart finds no good, And he who has aa perverse tongue falls into evil.

21 He who begets a scoffer does so to his sorrow, And the father of a fool has no joy.

22 A amerry heart 1does good, like medicine, But a broken spirit dries the bones.

23 A wicked man accepts a bribe 1behind the back To pervert the ways of justice.

24 aWisdom is in the sight of him who has understanding, But the eyes of a fool are on the ends of the earth.

25 A afoolish son is a grief to his father, And bitterness to her who bore him.

26 Also, to punish the righteous is not good,

12 a2 Sam.
17:8; Hos. 13:8
13 aPs. 109:4,
5; Jer. 18:20;
Rom. 12:17;
1 Thess. 5:15;
[1 Pet. 3:9] 14 a[Prov. 20:3;
1 Thess. 4:11] 15 aEx. 23:7;
Prov. 24:24; Is.
17 aRuth 1:16;
Prov. 18:24
18 aProv. 6:1
1Lit. heart
2Lit. strikes
the hands
3guaranty or
19 aProv. 16:18
20 aJames 3:8
22 aProv.
12:25; 15:13,
15 1Or makes
medicine even
23 1Under
cover, lit. from
the bosom
24 aEccl. 2:14
25 aProv. 10:1;
15:20; 19:13
27 aProv.
10:19; James
28 aJob 13:5
1 1sound wisdom
2 aEccl. 10:3
4 aProv. 10:11
b[James 3:17] 5 aLev. 19:15;
Deut. 1:17;
16:19; Ps.
82:2; Prov.
7 aPs. 64:8;
140:9; Prov.
10:14 bEccl.
8 aProv. 12:18
1gossip or
slanderer 2A
Jewish tradition
3Lit. rooms of
the belly
10 a2 Sam.
22:2, 3, 33; Ps.
18:2; 61:3;
91:2; 144:2
1secure, lit.
set on high
12 aProv.
15:33; 16:18


Nor to strike princes for their uprightness.

27 aHe who has knowledge spares his words, And a man of understanding is of a calm spirit.
28 aEven a fool is counted wise when he holds his peace; When he shuts his lips, he is considered perceptive.


1 A man who isolates himself seeks his own desire; He rages against all 1wise judgment.

2 A fool has no delight in understanding, But in expressing his aown heart.

3 When the wicked comes, contempt comes also; And with dishonor comes reproach.

4 aThe words of a man’s mouth are deep waters; bThe wellspring of wisdom is a flowing brook.

5 It is not good to show partiality to the wicked, Or to overthrow the righteous in ajudgment.

6 A fool’s lips enter into contention, And his mouth calls for blows.
7 aA fool’s mouth is his destruction, And his lips are the snare of his bsoul.
8 aThe words of a 1talebearer are like 2tasty trifles, And they go down into the 3inmost body.

9 He who is slothful in his work Is a brother to him who is a great destroyer.

10 The name of the LORD is a strong atower; The righteous run to it and are 1safe.
11 The rich man’s wealth is his strong city, And like a high wall in his own esteem.

12 aBefore destruction the heart of a man is haughty, And before honor is humility.

13 He who answers a matter before he hears it, It is folly and shame to him.

14 The spirit of a man will sustain him in sickness,

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But who can bear a broken spirit?

15 The heart of the prudent acquires knowledge, And the ear of the wise seeks knowledge.

16 aA man’s gift makes room for him, And brings him before great men.

17 The first one to plead his cause seems right, Until his neighbor comes and examines him.

18 Casting alots causes contentions to cease, And keeps the mighty apart.

19 A brother offended is harder to win than a strong city, And contentions are like the bars of a castle.

20 aA man’s stomach shall be satisfied from the fruit of his mouth; From the produce of his lips he shall be filled.

21 aDeath and life are in the power of the tongue, And those who love it will eat its fruit.

22 aHe who finds a wife finds a good thing, And obtains favor from the LORD.

23 The poor man uses entreaties, But the rich answers aroughly.

24 A man who has friends 1must himself be friendly, aBut there is a friend who sticks closer than a brother.

16 aGen. 32:20,
21; 1 Sam.
25:27; Prov.
17:8; 21:14
18 a[Prov.
16:33] 20 aProv.
12:14; 14:14
21 aProv.
12:13; 13:3;
Matt. 12:37
22 aGen. 2:18;
[Prov. 12:4;
19:14] 23 aJames 2:3,
24 aProv.
17:17; [John
15:14, 15] 1So
with Gr. mss.,
Syr., Tg.,Vg.;
MT may come
to ruin

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The LORD Helps His Troubled People

A Psalm of David awhen he fled from Absalom his son.

1 LORD, how they have increased who trouble me! Many are they who rise up against me.
2 Many are they who say of me, “There is no help for him in God.” Selah

3 But You, O LORD, are aa shield 1for me, My glory and bthe One who lifts up my head.

PSALM 3 References

title a2 Sam.
3 aPs. 5:12;
28:7 bPs. 9:13;
27:6 1Lit.
4 aPs. 4:3;
34:4 bPs. 2:6;
15:1; 43:3
5 aLev. 26:6
6 aPs. 23:4;
7 aJob 16:10
8 a[Is. 43:11]

4 I cried to the LORD with my voice, And aHe heard me from His bholy hill. Selah

5 aI lay down and slept; I awoke, for the LORD sustained me.
6 aI will not be afraid of ten thousands of people Who have set themselves against me all around.

7 Arise, O LORD; Save me, O my God! aFor You have struck all my enemies on the cheekbone; You have broken the teeth of the ungodly.
8 aSalvation belongs to the LORD. Your blessing is upon Your people. Selah




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