The Exodus from Egypt
(Category 3 of 16)
The first part of Exodus recounts how Abraham’s family ends up enslaved in Egypt. God raises up a deliverer to confront the evil of Pharaoh and to liberate the Israelites. From Egypt they set out into the wilderness on the way to Mt. Sinai.
This video explores the main ideas and flow of thought of the first half of the book of Exodus which is the story of Moses leading Israel out of Egypt. It is the first place the words “Redemption” and “Salvation” are used in the Bible. Find out how this epic story fits into the entire Biblical Narrative.
Explore Exodus 1-18
Exodus 1-18 (TOR)
Miraculous Signs for Pharaoh
1 Then Moses answered and said, “But suppose they will not believe me or listen to my voice; suppose they say, ‘The LORD has not appeared to you.’ ”
2 So the LORD said to him, “What is that in your hand?” He said, “A rod.”
3 And He said, “Cast it on the ground.” So he cast it on the ground, and it became a serpent; and Moses fled from it.
4 Then the LORD said to Moses, “Reach out your hand and take it by the tail” (and he reached out his hand and caught it, and it became a rod in his hand),
5 “that they may abelieve that the bLORD God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has appeared to you.”
6 Furthermore the LORD said to him, “Now put your hand in your bosom.” And he put his hand in his bo-
CHAPTER 4 References
5 aEx. 4:31;
19:9 bEx. 3:6,
6 aNum. 12:10
7 aDeut. 32:39
8 aEx. 7:6–13
9 aEx. 7:19, 20
10 aEx. 3:11;
1heavy or dull
11 aPs. 94:9;
12 aIs. 50:4
13 aJon. 1:3
14 aNum. 11:1,
15 aEx. 4:12,
30; 7:1, 2
12 cDeut. 5:31
16 aEx. 7:1, 2
18 aEx. 2:21;
19 aEx. 3:1;
46:3, 6 cEx.
20 aEx. 18:2–5
21 aEx. 3:20;
som, and when he took it out, behold, his hand was leprous, alike snow.
7 And He said, “Put your hand in your bosom again.” So he put his hand in his bosom again, and drew it out of his bosom, and behold, ait was restored like his other flesh.
8 “Then it will be, if they do not believe you, nor heed the message of the afirst sign, that they may believe the message of the latter sign.
9 “And it shall be, if they do not believe even these two signs, or listen to your voice, that you shall take water from 1the river and pour it on the dry land. aThe water which you take from the river will become blood on the dry land.”
10 Then Moses said to the LORD, “O my Lord, I am not eloquent, neither before nor since You have spoken to Your servant; but aI am slow of speech and 1slow of tongue.”
11 So the LORD said to him, a“Who has made man’s mouth? Or who makes the mute, the deaf, the seeing, or the blind? Have not I, the LORD?
12 “Now therefore, go, and I will be awith your mouth and teach you what you shall say.”
13 But he said, “O my Lord, aplease send by the hand of whomever else You may send.”
14 So athe anger of the LORD was kindled against Moses, and He said: “Is not Aaron the Levite your bbrother? I know that he can speak well. And look, che is also coming out to meet you.When he sees you, he will be glad in his heart.
15 “Now ayou shall speak to him and bput the words in his mouth. And I will be with your mouth and with his mouth, and cI will teach you what you shall do.
16 “So he shall be your spokesman to the people. And he himself shall be as a mouth for you, and ayou shall be to him as God.
17 “And you shall take this rod in your hand, with which you shall do the signs.”
Moses Goes to Egypt
18 So Moses went and returned to aJethro his father-in-law, and said to him, “Please let me go and return to my brethren who are in Egypt, and see whether they are still alive.” And Jethro said to Moses, b“Go in peace.”
19 Now the LORD said to Moses in aMidian, “Go, return to bEgypt; for call the men who sought your life are dead.”
20 Then Moses atook his wife and his sons and set them on a donkey, and he returned to the land of Egypt. And Moses took bthe rod of God in his hand.
21 And the LORD said to Moses, “When you go back to Egypt, see that you do all those awonders before
Pharaoh which I have put in your hand. But bI will harden his heart, so that he will not let the people go.
22 “Then you shall asay to Pharaoh, ‘Thus says the LORD: b“Israel is My son, cMy firstborn.
23 “So I say to you, let My son go that he may serve Me. But if you refuse to let him go, indeed aI will kill your son, your firstborn.” ’ ”
24 And it came to pass on the way, at the aencampment, that the LORD bmet him and sought to ckill him.
25 Then aZipporah took ba sharp stone and cut off the foreskin of her son and 1cast it at 2Moses’ feet, and said, “Surely you are a husband of blood to me!”
26 So He let him go. Then she said, “You are a 1husband of blood!”— because of the circumcision.
27 And the LORD said to Aaron, “Go into the wilderness ato meet Moses.” So he went and met him on bthe mountain of God, and kissed him.
28 So Moses atold Aaron all the words of the LORD who had sent him, and all the bsigns which He had commanded him.
29 Then Moses and Aaron awent and gathered together all the elders of the children of Israel.
30 aAnd Aaron spoke all the words which the LORD had spoken to Moses. Then he did the signs in the sight of the people.
31 So the people abelieved; and when they heard that the LORD had bvisited the children of Israel and that He chad looked on their affliction, then dthey bowed their heads and worshiped.
First Encounter with Pharaoh
1 Afterward Moses and Aaron went in and told Pharaoh, “Thus says the LORD God of Israel: ‘Let My people go, that they may 1hold aa feast to Me in the wilderness.’ ”
2 And Pharaoh said, a“Who is the LORD, that I should obey His voice to let Israel go? I do not know the LORD, bnor will I let Israel go.”
3 So they said, a“The God of the Hebrews has bmet with us. Please, let us go three days’ journey into the desert and sacrifice to the LORD our God, lest He fall upon us with cpestilence or with the sword.”
4 Then the king of Egypt said to them, “Moses and Aaron, why do you take the people from their work? Get back to your alabor.”
5 And Pharaoh said, “Look, the people of the land are amany now, and you make them rest from their labor!”
6 So the same day Pharaoh commanded the ataskmasters of the people and their officers, saying,
7 “You shall no longer give the people straw to make abrick as be-
21 bEx. 7:3, 13;
9:12, 35; 10:1,
20, 27; 14:4, 8;
1 Sam. 6:6; Is.
22 aEx. 5:1 bIs.
2 Cor. 6:16,
18] cJer. 31:9;
[James 1:18] 23 aEx. 11:5;
24 aGen. 42:27
bEx. 3:18; 5:3;
25 aEx. 2:21;
5:2, 3 1Lit.
made it touch
27 aEx. 4:14
bEx. 3:1; 18:5;
28 aEx. 4:15,
16 bEx. 4:8, 9
29 aEx. 3:16;
30 aEx. 4:15,
31 aEx. 3:18;
4:8, 9; 19:9
Ex. 3:16 cEx.
2:25; 3:7 dGen.
12:27; 1 Chr.
CHAPTER 5 References
1 aEx. 3:18;
1keep a pilgrim–
2 a2 Kin.
18:35; 2 Chr.
3 aEx. 3:18;
7:16 bEx. 4:24;
4 aEx. 1:11;
5 aEx. 1:7, 9
6 aEx. 1:11;
3:7; 5:10, 13,
7 aEx. 1:14
14 aEx. 5:6 bIs.
21 aEx. 6:9;
16:2 1Lit. our
scent to stink
fore. Let them go and gather straw for themselves.
8 “And you shall lay on them the quota of bricks which they made before. You shall not reduce it. For they are idle; therefore they cry out, saying, ‘Let us go and sacrifice to our God.’
9 “Let more work be laid on the men, that they may labor in it, and let them not regard false words.”
10 And the taskmasters of the people and their officers went out and spoke to the people, saying, “Thus says Pharaoh: ‘I will not give you straw.
11 ‘Go, get yourselves straw where you can find it; yet none of your work will be reduced.’ ”
12 So the people were scattered abroad throughout all the land of Egypt to gather stubble instead of straw.
13 And the taskmasters forced them to hurry, saying, “Fulfill your work, your daily quota, as when there was straw.”
14 Also the aofficers of the children of Israel, whom Pharaoh’s taskmasters had set over them, were bbeaten and were asked, “Why have you not fulfilled your task in making brick both yesterday and today, as before?”
15 Then the officers of the children of Israel came and cried out to Pharaoh, saying, “Why are you dealing thus with your servants?
16 “There is no straw given to your servants, and they say to us, ‘Make brick!’ And indeed your servants are beaten, but the fault is in your own people.”
17 But he said, “You are idle! Idle! Therefore you say, ‘Let us go and sacrifice to the LORD.’
18 “Therefore go now and work; for no straw shall be given you, yet you shall deliver the quota of bricks.”
19 And the officers of the children of Israel saw that they were in trouble after it was said, “You shall not reduce any bricks from your daily quota.”
20 Then, as they came out from Pharaoh, they met Moses and Aaron who stood there to meet them.
21 aAnd they said to them, “Let the LORD look on you and judge, because you have made 1us abhorrent in the sight of Pharaoh and in the sight of his servants, to put a sword in their hand to kill us.”
Israel’s Deliverance Assured
22 So Moses returned to the LORD and said, “Lord, why have You brought trouble on this people? Why is it You have sent me?
23 “For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in Your name, he has done evil
to this people; neither have You delivered Your people at all.”
1 Then the LORD said to Moses, “Now you shall see what I will do to Pharaoh. For awith a strong hand he will let them go, and with a strong hand bhe will drive them out of his land.”
2 And God spoke to Moses and said to him: “I am 1the LORD.
3 a“I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, as bGod Almighty, but by My name cLORD1 I was not known to them.
4 a“I have also 1established My covenant with them, bto give them the land of , the land of their 2pilgrimage, cin which they were 3strangers.
5 “And aI have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel whom the Egyptians keep in bondage, and I have remembered My covenant.
6 “Therefore say to the children of Israel: a‘I am the LORD; bI will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, I will crescue you from their bondage, and I will redeem you with 1an outstretched arm and with great judgments.
7 ‘I will atake you as My people, and bI will be your God. Then you shall know that I am the LORD your God who brings you out cfrom under the burdens of the Egyptians.
8 ‘And I will bring you into the land which I aswore1 to give to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; and I will give it to you as a heritage: I am the LORD.’ ”
9 So Moses spoke thus to the children of Israel; abut they did not heed Moses, because of banguish1 of spirit and cruel bondage.
10 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
11 “Go in, tell Pharaoh king of Egypt to let the children of Israel go out of his land.”
12 And Moses spoke before the LORD, saying, “The children of Israel have not heeded me. How then shall Pharaoh heed me, for aI am 1of uncircumcised lips?”
13 Then the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, and gave them a acommand1 for the children of Israel and for Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt.
The Family of Moses and Aaron
14 These are the heads of their fathers’ houses: aThe sons of Reuben, the firstborn of Israel, were Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi. These are the families of Reuben.
15 aAnd the sons of Simeon were 1Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanite woman. These are the families of Simeon.
CHAPTER 6 References
1 aEx. 3:19
3 aGen. 17:1;
4 aGen. 12:7;
15:18; 17:4, 7,
8; 26:3; 28:4,
13 bLev. 25:23
1made or ratified
5 aEx. 2:24
6 aDeut. 6:12
7 a2 Sam. 7:24
bEx. 29:45, 46
cEx. 5:4, 5
8 aGen. 15:18;
up My hand
9 aEx. 5:21
bEx. 2:23 1Lit.
12 aJer. 1:6
14 aGen. 46:9
15 aGen. 46:10
16 aGen. 46:11
17 a1 Chr. 6:17
18 a1 Chr. 6:2,
19 a1 Chr.
20 aEx. 2:1, 2
21 a1 Chr.
22 aLev. 10:4
23 aRuth 4:19,
20 bLev. 10:1
25 aNum. 25:7,
26 aEx. 7:4;
27 aPs. 77:20
29 aEx. 6:11;
30 aEx. 4:10;
who does not
16 These are the names of athe sons of Levi according to their generations: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. And the years of the life of Levi were one hundred and thirty-seven.
17 aThe sons of Gershon were Libni and Shimi according to their families.
18 And athe sons of Kohath were Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel. And the years of the life of Kohath were one hundred and thirty-three.
19 aThe sons of Merari were Mahli and Mushi. These are the families of Levi according to their generations.
20 Now aAmram took for himself bJochebed, his father’s sister, as wife; and she bore him cAaron and Moses. And the years of the life of Amram were one hundred and thirty-seven.
21 aThe sons of Izhar were Korah, Nepheg, and Zichri.
22 And athe sons of Uzziel were Mishael, Elzaphan, and Zithri.
23 Aaron took to himself Elisheba, daughter of aAmminadab, sister of Nahshon, as wife; and she bore him bNadab, Abihu, cEleazar, and Ithamar.
24 And athe sons of Korah were Assir, Elkanah, and Abiasaph. These are the families of the Korahites.
25 Eleazar, Aaron’s son, took for himself one of the daughters of Putiel as wife; and ashe bore him Phinehas. These are the heads of the fathers’ houses of the Levites according to their families.
26 These are the same Aaron and Moses to whom the LORD said, “Bring out the children of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their aarmies.”1
27 These are the ones who spoke to Pharaoh king of Egypt, ato bring out the children of Israel from Egypt. These are the same Moses and Aaron.
Aaron Is Moses’ Spokesman
28 And it came to pass, on the day the LORD spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt,
29 that the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, “I am the LORD. aSpeak to Pharaoh king of Egypt all that I say to you.”
30 But Moses said before the LORD, “Behold, aI am 1of uncircumcised lips, and how shall Pharaoh heed me?”
God the Sovereign Savior
To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David athe servant of the LORD, who spoke to the LORD the words of bthis song on the day that the LORD delivered him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul. And he said:
1 I aWILL love You, O LORD, my strength.
2 The LORD is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer; My God, my 1strength, ain whom I will trust; My and the 2horn of my salvation, my stronghold.
3 I will call upon the LORD, awho is worthy to be praised; So shall I be saved from my enemies.
4 aThe pangs of death surrounded me, And the floods of 1ungodliness made me afraid.
PSALM 18 References
title aPs. 36:
title b2 Sam.
1 aPs. 144:1
2 aHeb. 2:13
3 aPs. 76:4;
4 aPs. 116:3
7 aActs 4:31
9 aPs. 144:5
6 In my distress I called upon the LORD, And cried out to my God; He heard my voice from His temple, And my cry came before Him, even to His ears.
7 aThen the earth shook and trembled; The foundations of the hills also quaked and were shaken, Because He was angry.
8 Smoke went up from His nostrils, And devouring fire from His mouth; Coals were kindled by it.
9 aHe bowed the heavens also, and came down With darkness under His feet.
10 aAnd He rode upon a cherub, and flew; bHe flew upon the wings of the wind.
11 He made darkness His secret place; aHis canopy around Him was dark waters And thick clouds of the skies.
12 aFrom the brightness before Him, His thick clouds passed with hailstones and coals of fire.
13 The LORD thundered from heaven, And the Most High uttered aHis voice, 1Hailstones and coals of fire.
14 aHe sent out His arrows and scattered 1the foe, Lightnings in abundance, and He vanquished them.
15 Then the channels of the sea were seen, The foundations of the world were uncovered At Your rebuke, O LORD, At the blast of the breath of Your nostrils.
16 aHe sent from above, He took me; He drew me out of many waters.
17 He delivered me from my strong enemy, From those who hated me, For they were too strong for me.
18 They confronted me in the day of my calamity, But the LORD was my support.
19 aHe also brought me out into a broad place; He delivered me because He delighted in me.
20 aThe LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness; According to the cleanness of my hands He has recompensed me.
21 For I have kept the ways of the LORD, And have not wickedly departed from my God.
22 For all His judgments were before me, And I did not put away His statutes from me.
23 I was also blameless 1before Him, And I kept myself from my iniquity.
24 aTherefore the LORD has recompensed me according to my righteousness, According to the cleanness of my hands in His sight.
PSALM 18 References
10 aPs. 80:1;
104:3] 11 aPs. 97:2
12 aPs. 97:3;
13 a[Ps. 29:3–9;
with MT, Tg.,
Vg.; a few
and coals of
16 aPs. 144:7
19 aPs. 4:1;
20 a1 Sam.
33:26]; Ps. 7:8
24 a1 Sam.
25 a[1 Kin.
27 a[Ps. 101:5];
28 a1 Kin. 15:4;
Job 18:6; [Ps.
119:105] 29 1Or run
15:3 bPs. 12:6;
[Prov. 30:5] c[Ps. 17:7] 1Lit. refined
1 Sam. 2:2;
Is. 45:5] 32 a[Ps. 91:2] 33 a2 Sam.
34 aPs. 144:1
36 aPs. 66:9;
39 1Lit. caused
26 With the pure You will show Yourself pure; And awith the devious You will show Yourself shrewd.
27 For You will save the humble people, But will bring down ahaughty looks.
28 aFor You will light my lamp; The LORD my God will enlighten my darkness.
29 For by You I can 1run against a troop, By my God I can leap over a wall.
30 As for God, aHis way is perfect; bThe word of the LORD is 1proven; He is a cto all who trust in Him.
31 aFor who is God, except the LORD? And who is a rock, except our God?
32 It is God who aarms me with strength, And makes my way perfect.
33 aHe makes my feet like the feet of deer, And bsets me on my high places.
34 aHe teaches my hands to make war, So that my arms can bend a bow of bronze.
35 You have also given me the
36 You enlarged my path under me, aSo my feet did not slip.
37 I have pursued my enemies and overtaken them; Neither did I turn back again till they were destroyed.
38 I have wounded them, So that they could not rise; They have fallen under my feet.
39 For You have armed me with strength for the battle; You have 1subdued under me those who rose up against me.
40 You have also given me the necks of my enemies, So that I destroyed those who hated me.
41 They cried out, but there was none to save;
aEven to the LORD, but He did not answer them.
42 Then I beat them as fine as the dust before the wind; I acast them out like dirt in the streets.
43 You have delivered me from the strivings of the people; aYou have made me the head of the 1nations; bA people I have not known shall serve me.
44 As soon as they hear of me they obey me; The foreigners 1submit to me.
45 aThe foreigners fade away, And come frightened from their hideouts.
46 The LORD lives! Blessed be my Rock! Let the God of my salvation be exalted.
PSALM 18 References
41 aJob 27:9;
Prov. 1:28; Is.
42 aZech. 10:5
43 a2 Sam.
8; Ps. 89:27
44 1feign submission
45 aMic. 7:17
47 aPs. 47:3
48 aPs. 27:6;
49 a2 Sam.
50 a2 Sam.
7:12; Ps. 21:1;
48 He delivers me from my enemies. aYou also lift me up above those who rise against me; You have delivered me from the violent man.
49 aTherefore I will give thanks to You, O LORD, among the 1Gentiles, And sing praises to Your name.
50 aGreat deliverance He gives to His king, And shows mercy to His anointed, To David and his 1descendants forevermore.
DREAM IT => PLAN IT => DO IT
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