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The Covenant at Mt. Sinai

(Category 4 of 16)

page 112

Promise of Blessing and Retribution

26

1 ‘You shall anot make idols for yourselves;

CHAPTER 26 References

1 aEx. 20:4, 5;
Deut. 4:15–18;
5:8
2 aLev. 19:30
1observe
3 aDeut.
28:1–14
4 aIs. 30:23
bPs. 67:6
5 aDeut. 11:15;
Joel 2:19, 26;
Amos 9:13
bLev. 25:18,
19; Ezek.
34:25
6 aIs. 45:7 bJob
11:19; Ps. 4:8;
Zeph. 3:13
c2 Kin. 17:25;
Hos. 2:18
dEzek. 14:17
1wild beasts
8 aDeut. 32:30;
Judg. 7:7–12
9 aEx. 2:25;
2 Kin. 13:23
bGen. 17:6, 7;
Ps. 107:38
cGen. 17:1–7
10 aLev. 25:22
11 aEx. 25:8;
29:45, 46;
Josh. 22:19;
Ps. 76:2; Ezek.
37:26; Rev.
21:3 1dwelling
place
12 aDeut.
23:14; [2 Cor.
6:16] 13 aGen. 27:40
1erect

neither a carved image nor a sacred pillar shall you rear up for yourselves; nor shall you set up an engraved stone in your land, to bow down to it; for I am the LORD your God.
2 aYou shall 1keep My Sabbaths and reverence My sanctuary: I am the LORD.

3 a‘If you walk in My statutes and keep My commandments, and perform them,
4 athen I will give you rain in its season, bthe land shall yield its produce, and the trees of the field shall yield their fruit.
5 aYour threshing shall last till the time of vintage, and the vintage shall last till the time of sowing; you shall eat your bread to the full, and bdwell in your land safely.
6 aI will give peace in the land, and byou shall lie down, and none will make you afraid; I will rid the land of cevil1 beasts, and dthe sword will not go through your land.
7 You will chase your enemies, and they shall fall by the sword before you.
8 aFive of you shall chase a hundred, and a hundred of you shall put ten thousand to flight; your enemies shall fall by the sword before you.

9 ‘For I will alook on you favorably and bmake you fruitful, multiply you and confirm My ccovenant with you.
10 You shall eat the aold harvest, and clear out the old because of the new.
11 aI will set My 1tabernacle among you, and My soul shall not abhor you.
12 aI will walk among you and be your God, and you shall be My people.
13 I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, that you should not be their slaves; I have broken the bands of your ayoke and made you walk 1upright.

14 ‘But if you do not obey Me, and do not observe all these commandments,
15 and if you despise My statutes, or if your soul abhors My judgments, so that you do not perform all My commandments, but break My covenant,

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16 I also will do this to you: I will even appoint terror over you, awasting disease and fever which shall bconsume the eyes and ccause sorrow of heart. And dyou shall sow your seed 1in vain, for your enemies shall eat it.
17 I will 1set aMy face against you, and byou shall be defeated by your enemies. cThose who hate you shall reign over you, and you shall dflee when no one pursues you.

18 ‘And after all this, if you do not obey Me, then I will punish you aseven times more for your sins.
19 I will abreak the pride of your power; I bwill make your heavens like iron and your earth like bronze.
20 And your astrength shall be spent in vain; for your bland shall not yield its produce, nor shall the trees of the land yield their fruit.

21 ‘Then, if you walk contrary to Me, and are not willing to obey Me, I will bring on you seven times more plagues, according to your sins.
22 aI will also send wild beasts among you, which shall rob you of your children, destroy your livestock, and make you few in number; and byour highways shall be desolate.

23 ‘And if aby these things you are not reformed by Me, but walk contrary to Me,
24 athen I also will walk contrary to you, and I will punish you yet seven times for your sins.
25 And aI will bring a sword against you that will execute the vengeance of the covenant; when you are gathered together within your cities bI will send pestilence among you; and you shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy.
26 aWhen I have cut off your supply of bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and they shall bring back your bread by weight, band you shall eat and not be satisfied.

27 ‘And after all this, if you do not obey Me, but walk contrary to Me,

16 aDeut.
28:22 b1 Sam.
2:33 cEzek.
24:23; 33:10
dJudg. 6:3–6
1without
profit
17 aPs. 34:16
bDeut. 28:25
cPs. 106:41
dProv. 28:1
1oppose you
18 a1 Sam. 2:5
19 aIs. 25:11
bDeut. 28:23
20 aPs. 127:1
bGen. 4:12
22 aDeut.
32:24 bJudg.
5:6
23 aAmos
4:6–12
24 aLev. 26:28,
41
25 aEzek. 5:17
bDeut. 28:21
26 aPs. 105:16
bMic. 6:14
29 a2 Kin.
6:28, 29 1In
time of
famine
30 a2 Chr. 34:3
31 a2 Kin.
25:4, 10 bPs.
74:7 cIs.
1:11–15
1pleasing
32 aJer. 9:11;
18:16
33 aDeut. 4:27
34 a2 Chr.
36:21
35 aLev. 25:2
36 aEzek. 21:7,
12, 15 1fear
37 a1 Sam.
14:15, 16
bJosh. 7:12, 13
38 aDeut. 4:26
39 aEzek. 4:17;
33:10 bEx.
34:7 1rot
away
40 aNeh. 9:2

LEVITICUS 26:41

28 then I also will walk contrary to you in fury; and I, even I, will chastise you seven times for your sins.
29 aYou1 shall eat the flesh of your sons, and you shall eat the flesh of your daughters.
30 aI will destroy your high places, cut down your incense altars, and cast your carcasses on the lifeless forms of your idols; and My soul shall abhor you.
31 I will lay your acities waste and bbring your sanctuaries to desolation, and I will not csmell the fragrance of your 1sweet aromas.
32 aI will bring the land to desolation, and your enemies who dwell in it shall be astonished at it.
33 aI will scatter you among the nations and draw out a sword after you; your land shall be desolate and your cities waste.
34 aThen the land shall enjoy its sabbaths as long as it lies desolate and you are in your enemies’ land; then the land shall rest and enjoy its sabbaths.
35 As long as it lies desolate it shall rest— for the time it did not rest on your asabbaths when you dwelt in it.
36 ‘And as for those of you who are left, I will send afaintness1 into their hearts in the lands of their enemies; the sound of a shaken leaf shall cause them to flee; they shall flee as though fleeing from a sword, and they shall fall when no one pursues.
37 aThey shall stumble over one another, as it were before a sword, when no one pursues; and byou shall have no power to stand before your enemies.
38 You shall aperish among the nations, and the land of your enemies shall eat you up.
39 And those of you who are left ashall 1waste away in their iniquity in your enemies’ lands; also in their bfathers’ iniquities, which are with them, they shall waste away.

40 ‘But aif they confess their iniquity and the iniquity of their fathers, with their unfaithfulness in which they were unfaithful to Me, and that they also have walked contrary to Me,
41 and that I also have walked

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LEVITICUS 26:42

contrary to them and have brought them into the land of their enemies; if their auncircumcised hearts are bhumbled, and they caccept their guilt—
42 then I will aremember My covenant with Jacob, and My covenant with Isaac and My covenant with Abraham I will remember; I will bremember the land.
43 aThe land also shall be left empty by them, and will enjoy its sabbaths while it lies desolate without them; they will accept their guilt, because they bdespised My judgments and because their soul abhorred My statutes.
44 Yet for all that, when they are in the land of their enemies, aI will not cast them away, nor shall I abhor them, to utterly destroy them and break My covenant with them; for I am the LORD their God.
45 But afor their sake I will remember the covenant of their ancestors, bwhom I brought out of the land of Egypt cin the sight of the nations, that I might be their God: I am the LORD.’ ”

46 aThese are the statutes and judgments and laws which the LORD made between Himself and the children of Israel bon Mount Sinai by the hand of Moses.

Redeeming Persons and Property Dedicated to God

27

1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
2 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: a‘When a man 1consecrates by a vow certain persons to the LORD, according to your 2valuation,
3 ‘if your valuation is of a male from twenty years old up to sixty years old, then your valuation shall be fifty shekels of silver, aaccording to the shekel of the sanctuary.
4 ‘If it is a female, then your valuation shall be thirty shekels;
5 ‘and if from five years old up to twenty years old, then your valuation for a male shall be twenty shekels, and for a female ten shekels;
6 ‘and if from a month old up to five years old, then your valuation for a male shall be five shekels of silver, and for a female your valuation shall be three shekels of silver;
7 ‘and if from sixty years old and

41 aActs 7:51;
Rom. 2:29
b2 Chr. 12:6, 7,
12; 1 Pet. 5:5,
6 cPs. 39:9;
51:3, 4; Dan.
9:7
42 aEx. 2:24;
6:5; Ps.
106:45; Ezek.
16:60 bPs.
136:23
43 aLev. 26:34,
35 bLev. 26:15
44 aDeut. 4:31;
2 Kin. 13:23;
Jer. 30:11;
[Rom.
11:1–36] 45 a[Rom.
11:28] bLev.
22:33; 25:38
cPs. 98:2;
Ezek. 20:9, 14,
22
46 aLev. 27:34;
Deut. 6:1;
12:1; [John
1:17] bLev.
25:1

CHAPTER 27 References

2 aLev. 7:16;
Num. 6:2;
Deut.
23:21–23;
Judg. 11:30,
31, 39 1Or
makes a difficult
or
extraordinary
vow
2appraisal
3 aEx. 30:13;
Lev. 27:25;
Num. 3:47;
18:16
8 aLev. 5:11;
14:21–24
10 aLev. 27:33
13 aLev. 6:5;
22:14; 27:15,
19
14 1sets apart
15 1buy back
16 1sets apart
18 aLev. 25:15,
16, 28
21 aLev. 25:10,
28, 31 bLev.
27:28 cNum.
18:14; Ezek.
44:29
22 aLev. 25:10,
25

above, if it is a male, then your valuation shall be fifteen shekels, and for a female ten shekels.
8 ‘But if he is too poor to pay your valuation, then he shall present himself before the priest, and the priest shall set a value for ahim; according to the ability of him who vowed, the priest shall value him.
9 ‘If it is an animal that men may bring as an offering to the LORD, all that anyone gives to the LORD shall be holy.
10 ‘He shall not substitute it or exchange it, good for bad or bad for good; and if he at all exchanges animal for animal, then both it and the one exchanged for it shall be aholy.
11 ‘If it is an unclean animal which they do not offer as a sacrifice to the LORD, then he shall present the animal before the priest;
12 ‘and the priest shall set a value for it, whether it is good or bad; as you, the priest, value it, so it shall be.
13 a‘But if he wants at all to redeem it, then he must add onefifth to your valuation.
14 ‘And when a man 1dedicates his house to be holy to the LORD, then the priest shall set a value for it, whether it is good or bad; as the priest values it, so it shall stand.
15 ‘If he who dedicated it wants to 1redeem his house, then he must add one-fifth of the money of your valuation to it, and it shall be his.
16 ‘If a man 1dedicates to the LORD part of a field of his possession, then your valuation shall be according to the seed for it. A homer of barley seed shall be valued at fifty shekels of silver.
17 ‘If he dedicates his field from the Year of Jubilee, according to your valuation it shall stand.
18 ‘But if he dedicates his field after the Jubilee, then the priest shall areckon to him the money due according to the years that remain till the Year of Jubilee, and it shall be deducted from your valuation.
19 ‘And if he who dedicates the field ever wishes to redeem it, then he must add one-fifth of the money of your valuation to it, and it shall belong to him.
20 ‘But if he does not want to redeem the field, or if he has sold the field to another man, it shall not be redeemed anymore;
21 ‘but the field, awhen it is released in the Jubilee, shall be holy to the LORD, as a bdevoted field; it shall be cthe possession of the priest.
22 ‘And if a man dedicates to the LORD a field which he has bought, which is not the field of ahis possession,
23 ‘then the priest shall reckon to him the worth of your valuation, up

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to the Year of Jubilee, and he shall give your valuation on that day as a holy offering to the LORD.
24 a‘In the Year of Jubilee the field shall return to him from whom it was bought, to the one who owned the land as a possession.
25 ‘And all your valuations shall be according to the shekel of the sanctuary: atwenty gerahs to the shekel.
26 ‘But the afirstborn of the animals, which should be the LORD’s firstborn, no man shall dedicate; whether it is an ox or sheep, it is the LORD’s.
27 ‘And if it is an unclean animal, then he shall redeem it according to your valuation, and ashall add onefifth to it; or if it is not redeemed, then it shall be sold according to your valuation.
28 a‘Nevertheless no 1devoted offering that a man may devote to the LORD of all that he has, both man and beast, or the field of his possession, shall be sold or redeemed;

24 aLev.
25:10–13, 28
25 aEx. 30:13
26 aEx. 13:2,
12; 22:30
27 aLev. 27:11,
12
28 aJosh.
6:17–19
1Given exclusively
and
irrevocably
29 aNum. 21:2
30 aGen. 28:22
31 aLev. 27:13
32 aJer. 33:13
33 aLev. 27:10
34 aLev. 26:46
b[Heb.
12:18–29]

every devoted offering is most holy to the LORD.
29 a‘No person under the ban, who may become doomed to destruction among men, shall be redeemed, but shall surely be put to death.
30 ‘And aall the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land or of the fruit of the tree, is the LORD’s. It is holy to the LORD.
31 a‘If a man wants at all to redeem any of his tithes, he shall add onefifth to it.
32 ‘And concerning the tithe of the herd or the flock, of whatever apasses under the rod, the tenth one shall be holy to the LORD.
33 ‘He shall not inquire whether it is good or bad, anor shall he exchange it; and if he exchanges it at all, then both it and the one exchanged for it shall be holy; it shall not be redeemed.’ ”
34 aThese are the commandments which the LORD commanded Moses for the children of Israel on Mount bSinai.

page 493

PSALM 39

Prayer for Wisdom and Forgiveness

To the Chief Musician. To Jeduthun. A Psalm of David.

1 I SAID, “I will guard my ways, Lest I sin with my atongue; I will restrain my mouth with a muzzle, While the wicked are before me.”
2 aI was mute with silence, I held my peace even from good; And my sorrow was stirred up.
3 My heart was hot within me; While I was 1musing, the fire burned. Then I spoke with my tongue:

4 “LORD, amake me to know my end, And what is the measure of my days, That I may know how frail I am.
5 Indeed,You have made my days as handbreadths, And my age is as nothing before You; Certainly every man at his best state is but avapor. Selah
6 Surely every man walks about like a shadow; Surely they 1busy themselves in vain; He heaps up riches, And does not know who will gather them.

PSALM 39 References

1 aJob 2:10;
Ps. 34:13;
[James
3:5–12] 2 aPs. 38:13
3 1meditating
4 aPs. 90:12;
119:84
5 aPs. 62:9;
[Eccl. 6:12] 6 1make an
uproar for
nothing
7 aPs. 38:15
8 aPs. 44:13;
79:4; 119:22
9 aPs. 39:2
b2 Sam. 16:10;
Job 2:10
10 aJob 9:34;
13:21
11 aJob 13:28;
[Ps. 90:7]; Is.
50:9
12 aGen. 47:9;
Lev. 25:23;
1 Chr. 29:15;
Ps. 119:19;
Heb. 11:13;
1 Pet. 2:11
13 aJob 7:19;
10:20, 21;
14:6; Ps.
102:24 b[Job
14:10

7 “And now, Lord, what do I wait for? My ahope is in You.
8 Deliver me from all my transgressions; Do not make me athe reproach of the foolish.
9 aI was mute, I did not open my mouth, Because it was bYou who did it.
10 aRemove Your plague from me; I am consumed by the blow of Your hand.
11 When with rebukes You correct man for iniquity,

You make his beauty amelt away like a moth; Surely every man is vapor. Selah

12 “Hear my prayer, O LORD, And give ear to my cry; Do not be silent at my tears; For I am a stranger with You, A sojourner, aas all my fathers were.
13 aRemove Your gaze from me, that I may regain strength, Before I go away and bam no more.”

 
 

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