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The Wilderness

(Category 5 of 16)

In this video we explore the importance of the ancient laws in the Old Testament. Why are they in the Bible, and what do they say to followers of Jesus? We explore how they fulfilled a strategic purpose in one key phase of the biblical story, leading up to Jesus who fulfilled the law and summarized it in the call to love God and love your neighbor as yourself.

Explore The Law

The Law


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CHAPTER 21 References

3 aNum. 19:2
5 aDeut. 10:8;
1 Chr. 23:13
bDeut. 17:8, 9
1Lit. stroke
6 aPs. 19:12;
26:6; Matt.
8 aDeut. 19:10,
13; Jon. 1:14
9 aDeut. 19:13
11 aNum. 31:18
12 aLev. 14:8,
9; Num. 6:9
13 aPs. 45:10

The Law Concerning Unsolved Murder


1 “If anyone is found slain, lying in the field in the land which the Lord your God is giving you to possess, and it is not known who killed him,
2 “then your elders and your judges shall go out and measure the distance from the slain man to the surrounding cities.
3 “And it shall be that the elders of the city nearest to the slain man will take a heifer which has not been worked and which has not pulled with a ayoke.
4 “The elders of that city shall bring the heifer down to a valley with flowing water, which is neither plowed nor sown, and they shall break the heifer’s neck there in the valley.
5 “Then the priests, the sons of Levi, shall come near, for athe LORD your God has chosen them to minister to Him and to bless in the name of the LORD; bby their word every controversy and every 1assault shall be settled.
6 “And all the elders of that city nearest to the slain man ashall wash their hands over the heifer whose neck was broken in the valley.
7 “Then they shall answer and say, ‘Our hands have not shed this blood, nor have our eyes seen it.
8 ‘Provide atonement, O LORD, for Your people Israel, whom You have redeemed, aand do not lay innocent blood to the charge of Your people Israel.’ And atonement shall be provided on their behalf for the blood.
9 “So ayou shall put away the guilt of innocent blood from among you when you do what is right in the sight of the LORD.

Female Captives

10 “When you go out to war against your enemies, and the LORD your God delivers them into your hand, and you take them captive,
11 “and you see among the captives a beautiful woman, and desire her and would take her for your awife,
12 “then you shall bring her home to your house, and she shall ashave her head and trim her nails.
13 “She shall put off the clothes of her captivity, remain in your house, and amourn her father and her mother a full month; after that you

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may go in to her and be her husband, and she shall be your wife.
14 “And it shall be, if you have no delight in her, then you shall set her free, but you certainly shall not sell her for money; you shall not treat her brutally, because you have ahumbled her.

Firstborn Inheritance Rights

15 “If a man has two wives, one loved aand the other unloved, and they have borne him children, both the loved and the unloved, and if the firstborn son is of her who is unloved,
16 “then it shall be, aon the day he bequeaths his possessions to his sons, that he must not bestow firstborn status on the son of the loved wife in preference to the son of the unloved, the true firstborn.
17 “But he shall acknowledge the son of the unloved wife as the firstborn aby giving him a double portion of all that he has, for he bis the beginning of his strength; cthe right of the firstborn is his.

The Rebellious Son

18 “If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who will not obey the voice of his father or the voice of his mother, and who, when they have chastened him, will not heed them,
19 “then his father and his mother shall take hold of him and bring him out to the elders of his city, to the gate of his city.
20 “And they shall say to the elders of his city, ‘This son of ours is stubborn and rebellious; he will not obey our voice; he is a glutton and a drunkard.’
21 “Then all the men of his city shall stone him to death with stones; aso you shall put away the evil from among you, band all Israel shall hear and fear.

Miscellaneous Laws

22 “If a man has committed a sin adeserving of death, and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree,
23 a“his body shall not remain overnight on the tree, but you shall surely bury him that day, so that byou do not defile the land which the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance; for che who is hanged is accursed of God.


1 “You ashall not see your brother’s ox or his sheep going astray, and 1hide yourself from them; you shall certainly bring them back to your brother.
2 “And if your brother is not near you, or if you do not know him, then you shall bring it to your own house, and it shall remain with you until your brother seeks it; then you shall restore it to him.

14 aGen. 34:2;
Deut. 22:29;
Judg. 19:24
15 aGen. 29:33
16 a1 Chr. 5:2;
17 a2 Kin. 2:9
bGen. 49:3
cGen. 25:31,
21 aDeut. 13:5;
19:19, 20;
22:21, 24
bDeut. 13:11
22 aDeut.
22:26; Matt.
26:66; Mark
14:64; Acts
23 aJosh. 8:29;
10:26, 27;
John 19:31
bLev. 18:25;
Num. 35:34
cGal. 3:13

CHAPTER 22 References

1 aEx. 23:4
1ignore them
3 1may not
avoid responsibility
4 aEx. 23:5
5 1detestable
6 aLev. 22:28
7 aDeut. 4:40
9 aLev. 19:19
10 a[2 Cor.
6:14–16] 11 aLev. 19:19
12 aNum.
Matt. 23:5
13 aDeut.
21:15; 24:3

3 “You shall do the same with his donkey, and so shall you do with his garment; with any lost thing of your brother’s, which he has lost and you have found, you shall do likewise; you 1must not hide yourself.
4 a“You shall not see your brother’s donkey or his ox fall down along the road, and hide yourself from them; you shall surely help him lift them up again.
5 “A woman shall not wear anything that pertains to a man, nor shall a man put on a woman’s garment, for all who do so are 1an abomination to the LORD your God.
6 “If a bird’s nest happens to be before you along the way, in any tree or on the ground, with young ones or eggs, with the mother sitting on the young or on the eggs, ayou shall not take the mother with the young;
7 “you shall surely let the mother go, and take the young for yourself, athat it may be well with you and that you may prolong your days.
8 “When you build a new house, then you shall make a parapet for your roof, that you may not bring guilt of bloodshed on your household if anyone falls from it.
9 a“You shall not sow your vineyard with different kinds of seed, lest the yield of the seed which you have sown and the fruit of your vineyard be defiled.
10 a“You shall not plow with an ox and a donkey together.
11 a“You shall not wear a garment of different sorts, such as wool and linen mixed together.
12 “You shall make atassels on the four corners of the clothing with which you cover yourself.

Laws of Sexual Morality

13 “If any man takes a wife, and goes in to her, and adetests her,
14 “and charges her with shameful conduct, and brings a bad name on her, and says, ‘I took this woman, and when I came to her I found she was not a virgin,’
15 “then the father and mother of the young woman shall take and bring out the evidence of the young woman’s virginity to the elders of the city at the gate.
16 “And the young woman’s father shall say to the elders, ‘I gave my daughter to this man as wife, and he detests her.
17 ‘Now he has charged her with shameful conduct, saying, “I found your daughter was not a virgin,” and yet these are the evidences of my daughter’s virginity.’ And they shall spread the cloth before the elders of the city.
18 “Then the elders of that city shall take that man and punish him;
19 “and they shall fine him one hundred shekels of silver and give them

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to the father of the young woman, because he has brought a bad name on a virgin of Israel. And she shall be his wife; he cannot divorce her all his days.
20 “But if the thing is true, and evidences of virginity are not found for the young woman,
21 “then they shall bring out the young woman to the door of her father’s house, and the men of her city shall stone her to death with astones, because she has bdone a disgraceful thing in Israel, to play the harlot in her father’s house. cSo you shall 1put away the evil from among you.
22 a“If a man is found lying with a woman married to a husband, then both of them shall die—the man that lay with the woman, and the woman; so you shall put away the evil from Israel.
23 “If a young woman who is a virgin is abetrothed to a husband, and a man finds her in the city and lies with her,
24 “then you shall bring them both out to the gate of that city, and you shall stone them to death with stones, the young woman because she did not cry out in the city, and the man because he ahumbled his neighbor’s wife; bso you shall put away the evil from among you.
25 “But if a man finds a betrothed young woman in the countryside, and the man forces her and lies with her, then only the man who lay with her shall die.
26 “But you shall do nothing to the young woman; there is in the young woman no sin deserving of death, for just as when a man rises against his neighbor and kills him, even so is this matter.
27 “For he found her in the countryside, and the betrothed young woman cried out, but there was no one to save her.
28 a“If a man finds a young woman who is a virgin, who is not betrothed, and he seizes her and lies with her, and they are found out,
29 “then the man who lay with her shall give to the young woman’s father afifty shekels of silver, and she shall be his wife bbecause he has humbled her; he shall not be permitted to divorce her all his days.
30 a“A man shall not take his father’s wife, nor buncover his father’s bed.

Those Excluded from the Congregation


1 “He who is emasculated by crushing or mutilation shall anot enter the assembly of the LORD.
2 “One of illegitimate birth shall not enter the assembly of the LORD; even to the tenth generation none of his descendants shall enter the assembly of the LORD.

21 aDeut. 21:21
bGen. 34:7;
Judg. 20:5–10;
2 Sam. 13:12,
13 cDeut. 13:5
1purge the
evil person
22 aLev. 20:10;
Num. 5:22–27;
Ezek. 16:38;
[Matt. 5:27,
28]; John 8:5;
[1 Cor. 6:9;
Heb. 13:4] 23 aLev.
Matt. 1:18, 19
24 aDeut. 21:14
bDeut. 22:21,
22; 1 Cor. 5:2,
28 aEx. 22:16,
29 aEx. 22:16,
17 bDeut.
30 aLev. 18:8;
20:11; Deut.
27:20; 1 Cor.
5:1 bRuth 3:9;
Ezek. 16:8

CHAPTER 23 References

1 aLev. 21:20;
3 aNeh. 13:1, 2
4 aDeut.
bNum. 22:5, 6;
23:7; Josh.
24:9; 2 Pet.
2:15; Jude 11
1Heb. Aram
5 aDeut. 4:37
6 aEzra 9:12
7 aGen.
Deut. 2:4, 8;
Amos 1:11;
Obad. 10, 12
bEx. 22:21;
23:9; Lev.
19:34; Deut.
10 aLev. 15:16
11 aLev. 15:5
14 aLev. 26:12;
Deut. 7:21
15 a1 Sam.
16 aEx. 22:21;
Prov. 22:22
1pleases him
17 aLev. 19:29;
Deut. 22:21
bGen. 19:5;
2 Kin. 23:7
fem. of
qadesh (note
2) 2Heb.
qadesh, one
sodomy and
prostitution in
religious rituals


3 a“An Ammonite or Moabite shall not enter the assembly of the LORD; even to the tenth generation none of his descendants shall enter the assembly of the LORD forever,
4 a“because they did not meet you with bread and water on the road when you came out of Egypt, and bbecause they hired against you Balaam the son of Beor from Pethor of 1Mesopotamia, to curse you.
5 “Nevertheless the LORD your God would not listen to Balaam, but the LORD your God turned the curse into a blessing for you, because the LORD your God aloves you.
6 a“You shall not seek their peace nor their prosperity all your days forever.
7 “You shall not abhor an d6bea04fb38c5cef52e8416ec1ae0f5bite, afor he is your brother.You shall not abhor an Egyptian, because byou were an alien in his land.
8 “The children of the third generation born to them may enter the assembly of the LORD.

Cleanliness of the Campsite

9 “When the army goes out against your enemies, then keep yourself from every wicked thing.
10 a“If there is any man among you who becomes unclean by some occurrence in the night, then he shall go outside the camp; he shall not come inside the camp.
11 “But it shall be, when evening comes, that ahe shall wash with water; and when the sun sets, he may come into the camp.
12 “Also you shall have a place outside the camp, where you may go out;
13 “and you shall have an implement among your equipment, and when you sit down outside, you shall dig with it and turn and cover your refuse.
14 “For the LORD your God awalks in the midst of your camp, to deliver you and give your enemies over to you; therefore your camp shall be holy, that He may see no unclean thing among you, and turn away from you.

Miscellaneous Laws

15 a“You shall not give back to his master the slave who has escaped from his master to you.
16 “He may dwell with you in your midst, in the place which he chooses within one of your gates, where it 1seems best to him; ayou shall not oppress him.
17 “There shall be no ritual 1harlot aof the daughters of Israel, or a bperverted2 one of the sons of Israel.
18 “You shall not bring the wages of a harlot or the price of a dog to the house of the LORD your God for any vowed offering, for both of these

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are 1an abomination to the LORD your God.
19 a“You shall not charge interest to your brother—interest on money or food or anything that is lent out at interest.
20 a“To a foreigner you may charge interest, but to your brother you shall not charge interest, bthat the LORD your God may bless you in all to which you set your hand in the land which you are entering to possess.
21 a“When you make a vow to the LORD your God, you shall not delay to pay it; for the LORD your God will surely require it of you, and it would be sin to you.
22 “But if you abstain from vowing, it shall not be sin to you.
23 a“That which has gone from your lips you shall keep and perform, for you voluntarily vowed to the LORD your God what you have promised with your mouth.
24 “When you come into your neighbor’s vineyard, you may eat your fill of grapes at your pleasure, but you shall not put any in your container.
25 “When you come into your neighbor’s standing grain, ayou may pluck the heads with your hand, but you shall not use a sickle on your neighbor’s standing grain.

18 1detestable
19 aEx. 22:25;
Lev. 25:35–37;
Neh. 5:2–7;
Ps. 15:5
20 aDeut. 15:3
bDeut. 15:10
21 aNum. 30:1,
2; Job 22:27;
Ps. 61:8; Eccl.
5:4, 5; Matt.
23 aNum. 30:2;
Ps. 66:13, 14
25 aMatt. 12:1;
Mark 2:23;
Luke 6:1

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Urgent Prayer for the Restored Favor of God

To the Chief Musician. aSet to 1“Lily of the Testimony.” A Michtam of David. For teaching. bWhen he fought against Mesopotamia and Syria of Zobah, and Joab returned and killed twelve thousand d6bea04fb38c5cef52e8416ec1ae0f5bites in the Valley of Salt.

1 O GOD, cYou have cast us off; You have broken us down; You have been displeased; Oh, restore us again!
2 You have made the earth tremble; You have broken it; aHeal its breaches, for it is shaking.
3 aYou have shown Your people hard things; bYou have made us drink the wine of 1confusion.

4 aYou have given a banner to those who fear You, That it may be displayed because of the truth. Selah
5 aThat Your beloved may be delivered, Save with Your right hand, and hear me.

PSALM 60 References

title aPs. 80
b2 Sam. 8:3,
13; 1 Chr. 18:3
1 aPs. 44:9
2 a[2 Chr.
7:14]; Is. 30:26
3 aPs. 71:20
bIs. 51:17, 22;
Jer. 25:15
4 aPs. 20:5; Is.
5:26; 11:12;
5 aPs. 108:6–13
6 aPs. 89:35
bJosh. 1:6
cGen. 12:6
dJosh. 13:27
7 aDeut. 33:17
b[Gen. 49:10] 1Lit. protection
8 a2 Sam. 8:2
b2 Sam. 8:14;
Ps. 108:9
c2 Sam. 8:1
10 aPs. 108:11
bJosh. 7:12
11 aPs. 118:8;
12 aNum. 24:18

6 God has aspoken in His holiness: “I will rejoice; I will bdivide cShechem And measure out dthe Valley of Succoth.
7 Gilead is Mine, and Manasseh is Mine; aEphraim also is the 1helmet for My head; bJudah is My lawgiver.
8 aMoab is My washpot; bOver Edom I will cast My shoe; cPhilistia, shout in triumph because of Me.”

9 Who will bring me to the strong city? Who will lead me to Edom?
10 Is it not You, O God, awho cast us off? And You, O God, who did bnot go out with our armies?
11 Give us help from trouble, aFor the help of man is useless.
12 Through God awe will do valiantly, For it is He who shall tread down our enemies.




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