Rise & Fall of Israel’s Kingdom
(Category 7 of 16)
Saul Spares King Agag
1 Samuel also said to Saul, a“The LORD sent me to anoint you king over His people, over Israel. Now therefore, heed the voice of the words of the LORD.
2 “Thus says the LORD of hosts: ‘I will punish Amalek for what he did to Israel, ahow he ambushed him on the way when he came up from Egypt.
3 ‘Now go and aattack1 Amalek, and butterly destroy all that they have, and do not spare them. But kill both man and woman, infant and nursing child, ox and sheep, camel and donkey.’ ”
4 So Saul gathered the people together and numbered them in Telaim, two hundred thousand foot soldiers and ten thousand men of .
5 And Saul came to a city of Amalek, and lay in wait in the valley.
6 Then Saul said to athe Kenites, b“Go, depart, get down from among the Amalekites, lest I destroy you with them. For cyou showed kindness to all the children of Israel when they came up out of Egypt.” So the Kenites departed from among the Amalekites.
7 aAnd Saul attacked the Amalekites, from bHavilah all the way to cShur, which is east of Egypt.
8 aHe also took Agag king of the Amalekites alive, and butterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword.
9 But Saul and the people aspared Agag and the best of the sheep, the oxen, the fatlings, the lambs, and all that was good, and were unwilling to utterly destroy them. But everything despised and worthless, that they utterly destroyed.
Saul Rejected as King
10 Now the word of the LORD came to Samuel, saying,
11 a“I greatly regret that I have set up Saul as king, for he has bturned back from following Me, cand has not performed My commandments.” And it dgrieved Samuel, and he cried out to the LORD all night.
12 So when Samuel rose early in the morning to meet Saul, it was told Samuel, saying, “Saul went to aCarmel, and indeed, he set up a monument for himself; and he has gone on around, passed by, and gone down to Gilgal.”
13 Then Samuel went to Saul, and Saul said to him, a“Blessed are you
CHAPTER 15 References
1 a1 Sam.
3 aDeut. 25:19
6 aNum. 24:21
19:12, 14 cEx.
7 a1 Sam.
2:11; 25:17, 18
8 a1 Sam.
9 a1 Sam.
15:3, 15, 19
11 aGen. 6:6, 7
b1 Kin. 9:6
c1 Sam. 13:13;
d1 Sam. 15:35;
12 aJosh. 15:55
13 aJudg. 17:2
15 a[Gen. 3:12,
13]; 1 Sam.
17 a1 Sam.
20 a1 Sam.
21 a1 Sam.
1:11–17] b[Hos. 6:6] 23 a1 Sam.
24 aJosh. 7:20
b[Is. 51:12, 13] 26 a1 Sam.
1 SAMUEL 15:26
of the LORD! I have performed the commandment of the LORD.”
14 But Samuel said, “What then is this bleating of the sheep in my ears, and the lowing of the oxen which I hear?”
15 And Saul said, “They have brought them from the Amalekites; afor the people spared the best of the sheep and the oxen, to sacrifice to the LORD your God; and the rest we have utterly destroyed.”
16 Then Samuel said to Saul, “Be quiet! And I will tell you what the LORD said to me last night.” And he said to him, “Speak on.”
17 So Samuel said, a“When you were little in your own eyes, were you not head of the tribes of Israel? And did not the LORD anoint you king over Israel?
18 “Now the LORD sent you on a mission, and said, ‘Go, and utterly destroy the sinners, the Amalekites, and fight against them until they are 1consumed.’
19 “Why then did you not obey the voice of the LORD? Why did you swoop down on the 1spoil, and do evil in the sight of the LORD?”
20 And Saul said to Samuel, a“But I have obeyed the voice of the LORD, and gone on the mission on which the LORD sent me, and brought back Agag king of Amalek; I have utterly destroyed the Amalekites.
21 a“But the people took of the plunder, sheep and oxen, the best of the things which should have been utterly destroyed, to sacrifice to the LORD your God in Gilgal.”
22 So Samuel said:
a“Has the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, As in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, bto obey is better than sacrifice, And to heed than the fat of rams.
23 For rebellion is as the sin of 1witchcraft, And stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of the LORD, aHe also has rejected you from being king.”
24 aThen Saul said to Samuel, “I have sinned, for I have transgressed the commandment of the LORD and your words, because I bfeared the people and obeyed their voice.
25 “Now therefore, please pardon my sin, and return with me, that I may worship the LORD.”
26 But Samuel said to Saul, “I will not return with you, afor you have rejected the word of the LORD, and
1 SAMUEL 15:27
the LORD has rejected you from being king over Israel.”
27 And as Samuel turned around to go away, aSaul seized the edge of his robe, and it tore.
28 So Samuel said to him, a“The LORD has torn the kingdom of Israel from you today, and has given it to a neighbor of yours, who is better than you.
29 “And also the Strength of Israel awill not lie nor relent. For He is not a man, that He should relent.”
30 Then he said, “I have sinned; yet ahonor me now, please, before the elders of my people and before Israel, and return with me, that I may worship the LORD your God.”
31 So Samuel turned back after Saul, and Saul worshiped the LORD.
32 Then Samuel said, “Bring Agag king of the Amalekites here to me.” So Agag came to him cautiously. And Agag said, “Surely the bitterness of death is past.”
33 But Samuel said, a“As your sword has made women childless, so shall your mother be childless among women.” And Samuel hacked Agag in pieces before the LORD in Gilgal.
34 Then Samuel went to aRamah, and Saul went up to his house at bGibeah of Saul.
35 And aSamuel went no more to see Saul until the day of his death. Nevertheless Samuel mourned for Saul, and the LORD regretted that He had made Saul king over Israel.
David Anointed King
1 Now the LORD said to Samuel, a“How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? bFill your horn with oil, and go; I am sending you to cJesse the Bethlehemite. For dI have 1provided Myself a king among his sons.”
2 And Samuel said, “How can I go? If Saul hears it, he will kill me.” But the LORD said, “Take a heifer with you, and say, a‘I have come to sacrifice to the LORD.’
3 “Then invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do; you shall anoint for Me the one I name to you.”
4 So Samuel did what the LORD said, and went to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town atrembled at his coming, and said, b“Do you come peaceably?”
5 And he said, “Peaceably; I have come to sacrifice to the LORD. aSanctify1 yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice.” Then he consecrated Jesse and his sons, and invited them to the sacrifice.
6 So it was, when they came, that he looked at aEliab and bsaid, “Surely the LORD’s anointed is before Him!”
27 a1 Kin.
28 a1 Kin.
30 a[John 5:44;
12:43] 33 a[Gen. 9:6] 34 a1 Sam.
7:17 b1 Sam.
35 a1 Sam.
CHAPTER 16 References
1 a1 Sam.
b1 Sam. 9:16;
2 a1 Sam. 9:12
4 a1 Sam. 21:1
b1 Kin. 2:13
5 aEx. 19:10
6 a1 Sam.
b1 Kin. 12:26
7 aPs. 147:10
bIs. 55:8, 9
c2 Cor. 10:7
d1 Kin. 8:39
2LXX For God
does not see
as man sees;
Tg. It is not
a man; Vg.
Nor do I
looks of a
11 a2 Sam. 7:8
Tg., Syr. turn
12 a1 Sam.
39:6 c1 Sam.
14 aJudg. 16:20
16 a1 Sam.
17 1Lit. Look
now for a
man for me
18 a1 Sam.
3:19; 18:12, 14
20 a1 Sam.
7 But the LORD said to Samuel, a“Do not look at his appearance or at his physical stature, because I have 1refused him. bFor2 the LORD does not see as man sees; for man clooks at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the dheart.”
8 So Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, “Neither has the LORD chosen this one.”
9 Then Jesse made Shammah pass by. And he said, “Neither has the LORD chosen this one.”
10 Thus Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, “The LORD has not chosen these.”
11 And Samuel said to Jesse, “Are all the young men here?” Then he said, “There remains yet the youngest, and there he is, keeping the asheep.” And Samuel said to Jesse, “Send and bring him. For we will not 1sit down till he comes here.”
12 So he sent and brought him in. Now he was aruddy, bwith 1bright eyes, and good-looking. cAnd the LORD said, “Arise, anoint him; for this is the one!”
13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and athe Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel arose and went to Ramah.
A Distressing Spirit Troubles Saul
14 aBut the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and ba distressing spirit from the LORD troubled him.
15 And Saul’s servants said to him, “Surely, a distressing spirit from God is troubling you.
16 “Let our master now command your servants, who are before you, to seek out a man who is a skillful player on the harp. And it shall be that he will aplay it with his hand when the 1distressing spirit from God is upon you, and you shall be well.”
17 So Saul said to his servants, 1“Provide me now a man who can play well, and bring him to me.”
18 Then one of the servants answered and said, “Look, I have seen a son of Jesse the Bethlehemite, who is skillful in playing, a mighty man of valor, a man of war, prudent in speech, and a handsome person; and athe LORD is with him.”
19 Therefore Saul sent messengers to Jesse, and said, “Send me your son David, who is with the sheep.”
20 And Jesse atook a donkey loaded with bread, a skin of wine, and a young goat, and sent them by his son David to Saul.
21 So David came to Saul and astood before him. And he loved him greatly, and he became his armorbearer.
22 Then Saul sent to Jesse, saying,
“Please let David stand before me, for he has found favor in my sight.” 23 And so it was, whenever the spirit from God was upon Saul, that David would take a harp and play it with his hand. Then Saul would become refreshed and well, and the distressing spirit would depart from him.
David and Goliath
1 Now the Philistines gathered their armies together to battle, and were gathered at aSochoh, which belongs to
2 And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and they encamped in the Valley of Elah, and drew up in battle array against the Philistines.
3 The Philistines stood on a mountain on one side, and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side, with a valley between them.
4 And a champion went out from the camp of the Philistines, named aGoliath, from bGath, whose height was six cubits and a span.
5 He had a bronze helmet on his head, and he was 1armed with a coat of mail, and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of bronze.
6 And he had bronze armor on his legs and a bronze javelin between his shoulders.
7 Now the staff of his spear was like a weaver’s beam, and his iron spearhead weighed six hundred shekels; and a -bearer went before him.
8 Then he stood and cried out to the armies of Israel, and said to them, “Why have you come out to line up for battle? Am I not a Philistine, and you the aservants of Saul? Choose a man for yourselves, and let him come down to me.
9 “If he is able to fight with me and kill me, then we will be your servants. But if I prevail against him and kill him, then you shall be our servants and aserve us.”
10 And the Philistine said, “I adefy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together.”
11 When Saul and all Israel heard these words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly afraid.
12 Now David was athe son of that bEphrathite of Bethlehem , whose name was Jesse, and who had ceight sons. And the man was old, advanced in years, in the days of Saul.
13 The three oldest sons of Jesse had gone to follow Saul to the battle. The anames of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, next to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah
CHAPTER 17 References
1 aJosh. 15:35;
2 Chr. 28:18
4 a2 Sam.
8 a1 Sam. 8:17
9 a1 Sam. 11:1
10 a1 Sam.
17:26, 36, 45;
2 Sam. 21:21
12 aRuth 4:22;
1 Sam. 16:1,
c1 Sam. 16:10,
11; 1 Chr.
13 a1 Sam.
16:6, 8, 9;
1 Chr. 2:13
15 a1 Sam.
2 Sam. 7:8
18 aGen. 37:13,
23 a1 Sam.
25 aJosh. 15:16
26 a1 Sam.
11:2 b1 Sam.
Jer. 9:25, 26
c1 Sam. 17:10
2 Kin. 19:4;
27 a1 Sam.
28 aGen. 37:4,
1 SAMUEL 17:29
14 David was the youngest. And the three oldest followed Saul.
15 But David occasionally went and returned from Saul ato feed his father’s sheep at Bethlehem.
16 And the Philistine drew near and presented himself forty days, morning and evening.
17 Then Jesse said to his son David, “Take now for your brothers an ephah of this dried grain and these ten loaves, and run to your brothers at the camp.
18 “And carry these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand, and asee how your brothers fare, and bring back news of them.”
19 Now Saul and they and all the men of Israel were in the Valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
20 So David rose early in the morning, left the sheep with a keeper, and took the things and went as Jesse had commanded him. And he came to the camp as the army was going out to the fight and shouting for the battle.
21 For Israel and the Philistines had drawn up in battle array, army against army.
22 And David left his supplies in the hand of the supply keeper, ran to the army, and came and greeted his brothers.
23 Then as he talked with them, there was the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, coming up from the armies of the Philistines; and he spoke aaccording to the same words. So David heard them.
24 And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him and were dreadfully afraid.
25 So the men of Israel said, “Have you seen this man who has come up? Surely he has come up to defy Israel; and it shall be that the man who kills him the king will enrich with great riches, awill give him his daughter, and give his father’s house exemption from taxes in Israel.”
26 Then David spoke to the men who stood by him, saying, “What shall be done for the man who kills this Philistine and takes away athe reproach from Israel? For who is this buncircumcised Philistine, that he should cdefy the armies of dthe living God?”
27 And the people answered him in this manner, saying, a“So shall it be done for the man who kills him.”
28 Now Eliab his oldest brother heard when he spoke to the men; and Eliab’s aanger was aroused against David, and he said, “Why did you come down here? And with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your pride and the insolence of your heart, for you have come down to see the battle.”
29 And David said, “What have I
1 SAMUEL 17:30
done now? aIs1 there not a cause?”
30 Then he turned from him toward another and asaid the same thing; and these people answered him as the first ones did.
31 Now when the words which David spoke were heard, they reported them to Saul; and he sent for him.
32 Then David said to Saul, a“Let no man’s heart fail because of him; byour servant will go and fight with this Philistine.”
33 And Saul said to David, a“You are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him; for you are a youth, and he a man of war from his youth.”
34 But David said to Saul, “Your servant used to keep his father’s sheep, and when a alion or a bear came and took a lamb out of the flock,
35 “I went out after it and struck it, and delivered the lamb from its mouth; and when it arose against me, I caught it by its beard, and struck and killed it.
36 “Your servant has killed both lion and bear; and this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, seeing he has defied the armies of the living God.”
37 Moreover David said, a“The LORD, who delivered me from the paw of the lion and from the paw of the bear, He will deliver me from the hand of this Philistine.” And Saul said to David, b“Go, and the LORD be with you!”
38 So Saul clothed David with his 1armor, and he put a bronze helmet on his head; he also clothed him with a coat of mail.
39 David fastened his sword to his armor and tried to walk, for he had not tested them. And David said to Saul, “I cannot walk with these, for I have not tested them.” So David took them off.
40 Then he took his staff in his hand; and he chose for himself five smooth stones from the brook, and put them in a shepherd’s bag, in a pouch which he had, and his sling was in his hand. And he drew near to the Philistine.
41 So the Philistine came, and began drawing near to David, and the man who bore the went before him.
42 And when the Philistine looked about and saw David, he adisdained1 him; for he was only a youth, bruddy and good-looking.
43 So the Philistine asaid to David, “Am I a dog, that you come to me with sticks?” And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.
44 And the Philistine asaid to David, “Come to me, and I will give your flesh to the birds of the air and the beasts of the field!”
45 Then David said to the Philistine,
29 a1 Sam.
17:17 1Lit. Is
it not a word
30 a1 Sam.
b1 Sam. 16:18
34 aJudg. 14:5
37 a[2 Cor.
1:10; 2 Tim.
4:17, 18] b1 Sam. 20:13;
1 Chr. 22:11,
38 1Lit. clothes
42 a[Ps. 123:4;
1 Cor. 1:27,
28] b1 Sam.
43 a1 Sam.
24:14; 2 Sam.
3:8; 9:8; 16:9;
2 Kin. 8:13
44 a1 Sam.
17:46; 1 Kin.
45 a2 Sam.
2 Chr. 32:8;
[2 Cor. 10:4];
Heb. 11:33, 34
b1 Sam. 17:10
46 aDeut. 28:26
1 Kin. 8:43;
18:36; 2 Kin.
47 a1 Sam.
14:6; 2 Chr.
Ps. 44:6; Hos.
1:7; Zech. 4:6
b2 Chr. 20:15
48 aPs. 27:3
50 aJudg. 3:31;
51 a1 Sam.
21:9; 2 Sam.
52 aJosh. 15:36
1So with MT,
55 a1 Sam.
14:50 b1 Sam.
57 a1 Sam.
58 a1 Sam.
“You come to me with a sword, with a spear, and with a javelin. aBut I come to you in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have bdefied.
46 “This day the LORD will deliver you into my hand, and I will strike you and take your head from you. And this day I will give athe carcasses of the camp of the Philistines to the birds of the air and the wild beasts of the earth, bthat all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel.
47 “Then all this assembly shall know that the LORD adoes not save with sword and spear; for bthe battle is the LORD’s, and He will give you into our hands.”
48 So it was, when the Philistine arose and came and drew near to meet David, that David hurried and aran toward the army to meet the Philistine.
49 Then David put his hand in his bag and took out a stone; and he slung it and struck the Philistine in his forehead, so that the stone sank into his forehead, and he fell on his face to the earth.
50 So David prevailed over the Philistine with a asling and a stone, and struck the Philistine and killed him. But there was no sword in the hand of David.
51 Therefore David ran and stood over the Philistine, took his asword and drew it out of its sheath and killed him, and cut off his head with it. And when the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, bthey fled.
52 Now the men of Israel and arose and shouted, and pursued the Philistines as far as the entrance of 1the valley and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell along the road to aShaaraim, even as far as Gath and Ekron.
53 Then the children of Israel returned from chasing the Philistines, and they plundered their tents.
54 And David took the head of the Philistine and brought it to Jerusalem, but he put his armor in his tent.
55 When Saul saw David going out against the Philistine, he said to aAbner, the commander of the army, “Abner, bwhose son is this youth?” And Abner said, “As your soul lives, O king, I do not know.”
56 So the king said, “Inquire whose son this young man is.”
57 Then, as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him and brought him before Saul awith the head of the Philistine in his hand.
58 And Saul said to him, “Whose son are you, young man?” So David answered, a“I am the son of your servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.”
A Plea for Justice
A Psalm of Asaph.
1 GOD astands in the congregation of 1the mighty; He judges among bthe 2gods.
2 How long will you judge unjustly, And ashow partiality to the wicked? Selah
3 1Defend the poor and fatherless; Do justice to the afflicted and aneedy.
4 Deliver the poor and needy; Free them from the hand of the wicked.
PSALM 82 References
1 a[2 Chr.
19:6] bPs. 82:6
1Heb. El, lit.
ones or gods
2 a[Deut. 1:17] 3 a[Deut.
5 aPs. 11:3
6 aJohn 10:34
8 a[Rev. 11:15]
6 I said, a“You are 1gods, And all of you are children of the Most High.
7 But you shall die like men, And fall like one of the princes.”
8 Arise, O God, judge the earth; aFor You shall inherit all nations.
DREAM IT => PLAN IT => DO IT
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