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Rise & Fall of Israel’s Kingdom

(Category 7 of 16)

page 276

CHAPTER 9 References

1 a1 Sam.

David’s Kindness to Mephibosheth


1 Now David said, “Is there still anyone who is left of the house of Saul, that I may ashow him 1kindness for Jonathan’s sake?”
2 And there was a servant of the

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house of Saul whose name was aZiba. So when they had called him to David, the king said to him, “Are you Ziba?” He said, “At your service!”
3 Then the king said, “Is there not still someone of the house of Saul, to whom I may show athe kindness of God?” And Ziba said to the king, “There is still a son of Jonathan who is blame in his feet.”
4 So the king said to him, “Where is he?” And Ziba said to the king, “Indeed he is in the house of aMachir the son of Ammiel, in Lo Debar.”
5 Then King David sent and brought him out of the house of Machir the son of Ammiel, from Lo Debar.
6 Now when aMephibosheth1 the son of Jonathan, the son of Saul, had come to David, he fell on his face and prostrated himself. Then David said, “Mephibosheth?” And he answered, “Here is your servant!”
7 So David said to him, “Do not fear, for I will surely show you kindness for Jonathan your father’s sake, and will restore to you all the land of Saul your grandfather; and you shall eat bread at my table continually.”
8 Then he bowed himself, and said, “What is your servant, that you should look upon such aa dead dog as I?”
9 And the king called to Ziba, Saul’s servant, and said to him, a“I have given to your master’s son all that belonged to Saul and to all his house.
10 “You therefore, and your sons and your servants, shall work the land for him, and you shall bring in the harvest, that your master’s son may have food to eat. But Mephibosheth your master’s son ashall eat bread at my table always.” Now Ziba had bfifteen sons and twenty servants.
11 Then Ziba said to the king, “According to all that my lord the king has commanded his servant, so will your servant do.” “As for Mephibosheth,” said the king, “he shall eat at 1my table like one of the king’s sons.”
12 Mephibosheth had a young son awhose name was Micha. And all who dwelt in the house of Ziba were servants of Mephibosheth.
13 So Mephibosheth dwelt in Jerusalem, afor he ate continually at the king’s table. And he bwas lame in both his feet.

The Ammonites and Syrians Defeated


1 It happened after this that the aking of the people of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his place.
2 Then David said, “I will show

2 a2 Sam.
16:1–4; 19:17,
3 a1 Sam.
20:14 b2 Sam.
4 a2 Sam.
6 a2 Sam. 16:4;
19:24–30 1Or
8 a2 Sam. 16:9
9 a2 Sam. 16:4;
10 a2 Sam. 9:7,
11, 13; 19:28
b2 Sam. 19:17
11 1LXX
David’s table
12 a1 Chr. 8:34
13 a2 Sam. 9:7,
10, 11; 1 Kin.
2:7; 2 Kin.
25:29 b2 Sam.

CHAPTER 10 References

1 a2 Sam. 11:1;
1 Chr. 19:1
2 a2 Sam. 9:1;
1 Kin. 2:7
b1 Sam. 11:1
4 aIs. 20:4;
5 1humiliated
6 aGen. 34:30;
Ex. 5:21
b2 Sam. 8:3, 5
cJudg. 18:28
dDeut. 3:14;
Josh. 13:11, 13
eJudg. 11:3, 5
7 a2 Sam. 23:8
8 a2 Sam. 10:6
10 a1 Sam.
26:6; 2 Sam.
12 aDeut. 31:6;
Josh. 1:6, 7, 9;
Neh. 4:14
b1 Sam. 4:9;
1 Cor. 16:13
c1 Sam. 3:18
14 a2 Sam.

2 SAMUEL 10:15

akindness to Hanun the son of bNahash, as his father showed kindness to me.” So David sent by the hand of his servants to comfort him concerning his father. And David’s servants came into the land of the people of Ammon.
3 And the princes of the people of Ammon said to Hanun their lord, “Do you think that David really honors your father because he has sent comforters to you? Has David not rather sent his servants to you to search the city, to spy it out, and to overthrow it?”
4 Therefore Hanun took David’s servants, shaved off half of their beards, cut off their garments in the middle, aat their buttocks, and sent them away.
5 When they told David, he sent to meet them, because the men were greatly 1ashamed. And the king said, “Wait at Jericho until your beards have grown, and then return.”
6 When the people of Ammon saw that they ahad made themselves repulsive to David, the people of Ammon sent and hired bthe Syrians of cBeth Rehob and the Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand foot soldiers; and from the king of dMaacah one thousand men, and from eIsh- Tob twelve thousand men.
7 Now when David heard of it, he sent Joab and all the army of athe mighty men.
8 Then the people of Ammon came out and put themselves in battle array at the entrance of the gate. And athe Syrians of Zoba, Beth Rehob, Ish-Tob, and Maacah were by themselves in the field.
9 When Joab saw that the battle line was against him before and behind, he chose some of Israel’s best and put them in battle array against the Syrians.
10 And the rest of the people he put under the command of aAbishai his brother, that he might set them in battle array against the people of Ammon.
11 Then he said, “If the Syrians are too strong for me, then you shall help me; but if the people of Ammon are too strong for you, then I will come and help you.
12 a“Be of good courage, and let us bbe strong for our people and for the cities of our God. And may cthe LORD do what is good in His sight.”
13 So Joab and the people who were with him drew near for the battle against the Syrians, and they fled before him.
14 When the people of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fleeing, they also fled before Abishai, and entered the city. So Joab returned from the people of Ammon and went to aJerusalem.
15 When the Syrians saw that they

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2 SAMUEL 10:16

had been defeated by Israel, they gathered together.
16 Then 1Hadadezer sent and brought out the Syrians who were beyond 2the River, and they came to Helam. And 3Shobach the commander of Hadadezer’s army went before them.
17 When it was told David, he gathered all Israel, crossed over the Jordan, and came to Helam. And the Syrians set themselves in battle array against David and fought with him.
18 Then the Syrians fled before Israel; and David killed seven hundred charioteers and forty thousand ahorsemen of the Syrians, and struck Shobach the commander of their army, who died there.
19 And when all the kings who were servants to 1Hadadezer saw that they were defeated by Israel, they made peace with Israel and aserved them. So the Syrians were afraid to help the people of Ammon anymore.

David, Bathsheba, and Uriah


1 It happened in the spring of the year, at the atime when kings go out to battle, that bDavid sent Joab and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the people of Ammon and besieged cRabbah. But David remained at Jerusalem.
2 Then it happened one evening that David arose from his bed aand walked on the roof of the king’s house. And from the roof he bsaw a woman bathing, and the woman was very beautiful to behold.
3 So David sent and inquired about the woman. And someone said, “Is this not 1Bathsheba, the daughter of 2Eliam, the wife aof Uriah the bHittite?”
4 Then David sent messengers, and took her; and she came to him, and ahe lay with her, for she was bcleansed from her impurity; and she returned to her house.
5 And the woman conceived; so she sent and told David, and said, “I am with child.”
6 Then David sent to Joab, saying, “Send me Uriah the Hittite.” And Joab sent Uriah to David.
7 When Uriah had come to him, David asked how Joab was doing, and how the people were doing, and how the war prospered.
8 And David said to Uriah, “Go down to your house and awash your feet.” So Uriah departed from the king’s house, and a gift of food from the king followed him.
9 But Uriah slept at the adoor of the king’s house with all the servants of his lord, and did not go down to his house.
10 So when they told David, saying,

16 1Heb.
1 Chr. 19:16
18 a1 Chr.
19 a2 Sam. 8:6

CHAPTER 11 References

1 a1 Kin.
b1 Chr. 20:1
c2 Sam. 12:26;
Jer. 49:2, 3;
Amos 1:14
2 aDeut. 22:8;
1 Sam. 9:25;
Matt. 24:17;
Acts 10:9
bGen. 34:2;
[Ex. 20:17];
Job 31:1;
[Matt. 5:28] 3 a2 Sam.
b1 Sam. 26:6
1 Chr. 3:5
1 Chr. 3:5
4 a[Lev. 20:10;
Deut. 22:22];
Ps. 51:title;
[James 1:14,
15] bLev.
15:19, 28
8 aGen. 18:4;
9 a1 Kin.
14:27, 28
11 a2 Sam. 7:2,
6 b2 Sam.
13 aGen. 19:33,
35 b2 Sam.
14 a1 Kin.
21:8, 9
15 a2 Sam.
12:9 1fiercest
21 aJudg.
Judg. 6:32ff
25 1Lit. be evil
in your sight

“Uriah did not go down to his house,” David said to Uriah, “Did you not come from a journey? Why did you not go down to your house?”
11 And Uriah said to David, a“The ark and Israel and Judah are dwelling in tents, and bmy lord Joab and the servants of my lord are encamped in the open fields. Shall I then go to my house to eat and drink, and to lie with my wife? As you live, and as your soul lives, I will not do this thing.”
12 Then David said to Uriah, “Wait here today also, and tomorrow I will let you depart.” So Uriah remained in Jerusalem that day and the next.
13 Now when David called him, he ate and drank before him; and he made him adrunk. And at evening he went out to lie on his bed bwith the servants of his lord, but he did not go down to his house.
14 In the morning it happened that David awrote a letter to Joab and sent it by the hand of Uriah.
15 And he wrote in the letter, saying, “Set Uriah in the forefront of the 1hottest battle, and retreat from him, that he may abe struck down and die.”
16 So it was, while Joab besieged the city, that he assigned Uriah to a place where he knew there were valiant men.
17 Then the men of the city came out and fought with Joab. And some of the people of the servants of David fell; and Uriah the Hittite died also.
18 Then Joab sent and told David all the things concerning the war,
19 and charged the messenger, saying, “When you have finished telling the matters of the war to the king,
20 “if it happens that the king’s wrath rises, and he says to you: ‘Why did you approach so near to the city when you fought? Did you not know that they would shoot from the wall?
21 ‘Who struck aAbimelech the son of 1Jerubbesheth? Was it not a woman who cast a piece of a millstone on him from the wall, so that he died in Thebez? Why did you go near the wall?’—then you shall say, ‘Your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.’ ”
22 So the messenger went, and came and told David all that Joab had sent by him.
23 And the messenger said to David, “Surely the men prevailed against us and came out to us in the field; then we drove them back as far as the entrance of the gate.
24 “The archers shot from the wall at your servants; and some of the king’s servants are dead, and your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.”
25 Then David said to the messenger, “Thus you shall say to Joab: ‘Do not let this thing 1displease you, for

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the sword devours one as well as another. Strengthen your attack against the city, and overthrow it.’ So encourage him.”
26 When the wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she mourned for her husband.
27 And when her mourning was over, David sent and brought her to his house, and she abecame his wife and bore him a son. But the thing that David had done bdispleased1 the LORD.

Nathan’s Parable and David’s Confession


1 Then the LORD sent Nathan to David. And ahe came to him, and bsaid to him: “There were two men in one city, one rich and the other poor.
2 “The rich man had exceedingly many flocks and herds.
3 “But the poor man had nothing, except one little ewe lamb which he had bought and nourished; and it grew up together with him and with his children. It ate of his own food and drank from his own cup and lay in his bosom; and it was like a daughter to him.
4 “And a traveler came to the rich man, who refused to take from his own flock and from his own herd to prepare one for the wayfaring man who had come to him; but he took the poor man’s lamb and prepared it for the man who had come to him.”
5 So David’s anger was greatly aroused against the man, and he said to Nathan, “As the LORD lives, the man who has done this 1shall surely die!
6 “And he shall restore afourfold for the lamb, because he did this thing and because he had no pity.”
7 Then Nathan said to David, “You are the man! Thus says the LORD God of Israel: ‘I aanointed you king over Israel, and I delivered you from the hand of Saul.
8 ‘I gave you your master’s house and your master’s wives into your keeping, and gave you the house of Israel and Judah. And if that had been too little, I also would have given you much more!
9 a‘Why have you bdespised the commandment of the LORD, to do evil in His sight? cYou have killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword; you have taken his wife to be your wife, and have killed him with the sword of the people of Ammon.
10 ‘Now therefore, athe sword shall never depart from your house, because you have despised Me, and have taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your wife.’
11 “Thus says the LORD: ‘Behold, I will raise up adversity against you from your own house; and I will atake your wives before your eyes

27 a2 Sam.
12:9 b1 Chr.
21:7; [Heb.
13:4] 1Lit.
was evil in
the eyes of

CHAPTER 12 References

1 aPs. 51:title
b1 Kin.
5 1deserves to
die, lit. is a
son of death
6 a[Ex. 22:1];
Luke 19:8
7 a1 Sam.
16:13; 2 Sam.
9 a1 Sam.
15:19 bNum.
15:31 c2 Sam.
11:14–17, 27
10 a2 Sam.
13:28; 18:14;
1 Kin. 2:25;
[Amos 7:9] 11 aDeut.
28:30; 2 Sam.
16:21, 22
12 a2 Sam.
13 a1 Sam.
15:24 b2 Sam.
24:10; Job
7:20; Ps. 51;
Luke 18:13
c2 Sam. 24:10;
Job 7:21; [Ps.
32:1–5; Prov.
28:13; Mic.
7:18]; Zech.
14 aIs. 52:5;
[Ezek. 36:20,
23]; Rom.
15 a1 Sam.
16 a2 Sam.
20 aRuth 3:3;
Matt. 6:17
bJob 1:20
22 aIs. 38:1–5;
Joel 2:14;
Jon. 3:9 1Heb.
mss., Syr.
23 aGen. 37:35
bJob 7:8–10
24 aMatt. 1:6

2 SAMUEL 12:24

and give them to your neighbor, and he shall lie with your wives in the sight of this sun.
12 ‘For you did it secretly, abut I will do this thing before all Israel, before the sun.’ ”
13 aSo David said to Nathan, b“I have sinned against the LORD.” And Nathan said to David, “The LORD also has cput away your sin; you shall not die.
14 “However, because by this deed you have given great occasion to the enemies of the LORD ato blaspheme, the child also who is born to you shall surely die.”
15 Then Nathan departed to his house.

The Death of David’s Son

And the aLORD struck the child that Uriah’s wife bore to David, and it became ill.
16 David therefore pleaded with God for the child, and David fasted and went in and alay all night on the ground.
17 So the elders of his house arose and went to him, to raise him up from the ground. But he would not, nor did he eat food with them.
18 Then on the seventh day it came to pass that the child died. And the servants of David were afraid to tell him that the child was dead. For they said, “Indeed, while the child was alive, we spoke to him, and he would not heed our voice. How can we tell him that the child is dead? He may do some harm!”
19 When David saw that his servants were whispering, David perceived that the child was dead. Therefore David said to his servants, “Is the child dead?” And they said, “He is dead.”
20 So David arose from the ground, washed and aanointed himself, and changed his clothes; and he went into the house of the LORD and bworshiped. Then he went to his own house; and when he requested, they set food before him, and he ate.
21 Then his servants said to him, “What is this that you have done? You fasted and wept for the child while he was alive, but when the child died, you arose and ate food.”
22 And he said, “While the child was alive, I fasted and wept; afor I said, ‘Who can tell whether 1the LORD will be gracious to me, that the child may live?’
23 “But now he is dead; why should I fast? Can I bring him back again? I shall go ato him, but bhe shall not return to me.”

Solomon Is Born

24 Then David comforted Bathsheba his wife, and went in to her and lay with her. So ashe bore

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2 SAMUEL 12:25

a son, and bhe1 called his name Solomon. Now the LORD loved him,
25 and He sent word by the hand of Nathan the prophet: So 1he called his name 2Jedidiah, because of the LORD.

Rabbah Is Captured

26 Now aJoab fought against bRabbah of the people of Ammon, and took the royal city.
27 And Joab sent messengers to David, and said, “I have fought against Rabbah, and I have taken the city’s water supply.
28 “Now therefore, gather the rest of the people together and encamp against the city and take it, lest I take the city and it be called after my name.”
29 So David gathered all the people together and went to Rabbah, fought against it, and took it.
30 aThen he took their king’s crown from his head. Its weight was a talent of gold, with precious stones. And it was set on David’s head. Also he brought out the 1spoil of the city in great abundance.
31 And he brought out the people who were in it, and put them to work with saws and iron picks and iron axes, and made them cross over to the brick works. So he did to all the cities of the people of Ammon. Then David and all the people returned to Jerusalem.

24 b1 Chr. 22:9
1So with Kt.,
Qr., a few
Heb. mss.,
Syr., Tg. she
25 1Qr., some
Heb. mss.,
Syr., Tg. she
2Lit. Beloved
of the LORD
26 a1 Chr. 20:1
bDeut. 3:11;
2 Sam. 11:1
30 a1 Chr. 20:2

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Remembering the Covenant with David, and Sorrow for Lost Blessings

A 1Contemplation of aEthan the Ezrahite.

1 I WILL sing of the mercies of the LORD forever; With my mouth will I make known Your faithfulness to all generations.
2 For I have said, “Mercy shall be built up forever; aYour faithfulness You shall establish in the very heavens.”

3 “Ia have made a covenant with My chosen, I have bsworn to My servant David:
4 ‘Your seed I will establish forever, And build up your throne ato all generations.’ ” Selah

5 And athe heavens will praise Your wonders, O LORD; Your faithfulness also in the assembly of the saints.
6 aFor who in the heavens can be compared to the LORD? Who among the sons of the mighty can be likened to the LORD?
7 aGod is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints, And to be held in reverence by all those around Him.
8 O LORD God of hosts, Who is mighty like You, O LORD? Your faithfulness also surrounds You.
9 aYou rule the raging of the sea; When its waves rise,You still them. 10 aYou have broken 1Rahab in pieces, as one who is slain; You have scattered Your enemies with Your mighty arm.

11 aThe heavens are Yours, the earth also is Yours; The world and all its fullness, You have founded them.

PSALM 89 References

title a1 Kin.
4:31 1Heb.
2 a[Ps. 119:89,
90] 3 a1 Kin. 8:16
b2 Sam. 7:11;
1 Chr.
4 a[2 Sam.
7:13; Is. 9:7;
Luke 1:33] 5 a[Ps. 19:1] 6 aPs. 86:8;
7 aPs. 76:7, 11
9 aPs. 65:7;
93:3, 4; 107:29
10 aEx.
14:26–28; Ps.
87:4; Is. 30:7;
51:9 1Egypt
11 a[Gen. 1:1;
1 Chr. 29:11] 12 aJosh.
19:22; Judg.
4:6; Jer. 46:18
bDeut. 3:8;
Josh. 11:17;
12:1; Song 4:8
15 aLev. 23:24;
Num. 10:10;
Ps. 98:6
17 aPs. 75:10;
92:10; 132:17
19 a1 Kin.
11:34 1So with
many Heb.
mss.; MT,
LXX, Tg.,Vg.
holy ones
20 a1 Sam.
13:14; 16:1–12;
Acts 13:22
21 aPs. 80:17
22 1Or exact
usury from

12 The north and the south,You have created them; aTabor and bHermon rejoice in Your name.
13 You have a mighty arm; Strong is Your hand, and high is Your right hand.
14 Righteousness and justice are the foundation of Your throne; Mercy and truth go before Your face.
15 Blessed are the people who know the ajoyful sound! They walk, O LORD, in the light of Your countenance.
16 In Your name they rejoice all day long, And in Your righteousness they are exalted.
17 For You are the glory of their strength, And in Your favor our 1horn is aexalted.
18 For our shield belongs to the LORD, And our king to the Holy One of Israel.

19 Then You spoke in a vision to Your 1holy one, And said: “I have given help to one who is mighty; I have exalted one achosen from the people.
20 aI have found My servant David; With My holy oil I have anointed him,
21 aWith whom My hand shall be established; Also My arm shall strengthen him.
22 The enemy shall not 1outwit him, Nor the son of wickedness afflict him.
23 I will beat down his foes before his face, And plague those who hate him.

24 “But My faithfulness and My mercy shall be with him, And in My name his horn shall be exalted.


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PSALM 89:25

25 Also I will aset his hand over the sea, And his right hand over the rivers.
26 He shall cry to Me, ‘You are amy Father, My God, and bthe rock of my salvation.’
27 Also I will make him aMy firstborn, bThe highest of the kings of the earth.
28 aMy mercy I will keep for him forever, And My covenant shall stand firm with him.
29 His seed also I will make to endure forever, aAnd his throne bas the days of heaven.

30 “Ifa his sons bforsake My law And do not walk in My judgments,
31 If they 1break My statutes And do not keep My commandments,
32 Then I will punish their transgression with the rod, And their iniquity with stripes.
33 aNevertheless My lovingkindness I will not 1utterly take from him, Nor 2allow My faithfulness to fail.
34 My covenant I will not break, Nor aalter the word that has gone out of My lips.
35 Once I have sworn aby My holiness; I will not lie to David:
36 aHis seed shall endure forever, And his throne bas the sun before Me;
37 It shall be established forever like the moon, Even like the faithful witness in the sky.” Selah

38 But You have acast off and babhorred,1 You have been furious with Your 2anointed.
39 You have renounced the covenant of Your servant; aYou have 1profaned his crown by casting it to the ground.

PSALM 89 References

25 aPs. 72:8
26 a[1 Chr.
22:10] b2 Sam.
27 a[Col. 1:15,
18] bRev.
28 aIs. 55:3
29 aJer. 33:17
bDeut. 11:21
30 a[2 Sam.
7:14] bPs.
31 1profane
33 a2 Sam.
7:14, 15 1Lit.
break off 2Lit.
deal falsely
with My
34 aJer.
35 aAmos 4:2
36 a[Luke
1:33] bPs.
38 a[1 Chr.
28:9] bDeut.
Heb. messiah
39 aLam. 5:16
40 1fortresses
41 aPs. 80:12
44 1splendor
or brightness
47 aPs. 90:9
bPs. 62:9
48 a[Eccl. 3:19] 1experience
death 2Or
49 a[2 Sam.
7:15] bPs. 54:5
50 aPs. 69:9, 19
51 aPs. 74:10,
18, 22 1Commissioned
one, Heb.
52 aPs. 41:13

40 You have broken down all his hedges; You have brought his 1strongholds to ruin.
41 All who pass by the way aplunder him; He is a reproach to his neighbors.
42 You have exalted the right hand of his adversaries; You have made all his enemies rejoice.
43 You have also turned back the edge of his sword, And have not sustained him in the battle.
44 You have made his 1glory cease, And cast his throne down to the ground.
45 The days of his youth You have shortened; You have covered him with shame. Selah

46 How long, LORD? Will You hide Yourself forever? Will Your wrath burn like fire?
47 Remember how short my time ais; For what bfutility have You created all the children of men?
48 What man can live and not 1see adeath? Can he deliver his life from the power of 2the grave? Selah
49 Lord, where are Your former lovingkindnesses, Which You aswore to David bin Your truth?
50 Remember, Lord, the reproach of Your servants— aHow I bear in my bosom the reproach of all the many peoples,
51 aWith which Your enemies have reproached, O LORD, With which they have reproached the footsteps of Your 1anointed.

52 aBlessed be the LORD forevermore! Amen and Amen.




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