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The Prophets Before the Exile

(Category 8 of 16)

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God’s Disappointing Vineyard

5

1 Now let me sing to my Well-beloved A song of my Beloved aregarding His vineyard:

My Well-beloved has a vineyard 1On a very fruitful hill.
2 He dug it up and cleared out its stones, And planted it with the choicest vine. He built a tower in its midst, And also 1made a winepress in it; aSo He expected it to bring forth good grapes, But it brought forth wild grapes.

3 “And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem and men of Judah, aJudge, please, between Me and My vineyard.
4 What more could have been done to My vineyard That I have not done in ait? Why then, when I expected it to bring forth good grapes, Did it bring forth wild grapes?
5 And now, please let Me tell you what I will do to My vineyard: aI will take away its hedge, and it shall be burned; And break down its wall, and it shall be trampled down.
6 I will lay it awaste; It shall not be pruned or 1dug,

CHAPTER 5 References

1 aPs. 80:8;
Jer. 2:21;
Matt. 21:33;
Mark 12:1;
Luke 20:9
1Lit. In a
horn, the son
of fatness
2 aDeut. 32:6
1Lit. hewed
out
3 a[Rom. 3:4] 4 a2 Chr.
36:15, 16; Jer.
2:5; 7:25, 26;
Mic. 6:3; Matt.
23:37
5 a2 Chr.
36:19; Ps.
80:12; 89:40,
41
6 a2 Chr.
36:19–21 bIs.
7:19–25; Jer.
25:11 1hoed
7 1wailing
8 aJer.
22:13–17; Mic.
2:2; Hab.
2:9–12 1Accumulate
houses
9 aIs. 22:14
10 aEzek.
45:11 11 bath
= 1⁄10 homer
21 homer = 1⁄10
ephah
11 aProv.
23:29, 30;
Eccl. 10:16,
17; Is. 5:22
1pursue
12 aAmos 6:5
bJob 34:27;
Ps. 28:5
13 a2 Kin.
24:14–16 bIs.
1:3; 27:11;
Hos. 4:6
15 aIs. 2:9, 11
16 aIs. 2:11

ISAIAH 5:17

But there shall come up briers and bthorns. I will also command the clouds That they rain no rain on it.”

7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, And the men of Judah are His pleasant plant. He looked for justice, but behold, oppression; For righteousness, but behold, 1a cry for help.

Impending Judgment on Excesses

8 Woe to those who 1join ahouse to house; They add field to field, Till there is no place Where they may dwell alone in the midst of the land!
9 aIn my hearing the LORD of hosts said, “Truly, many houses shall be desolate, Great and beautiful ones, without inhabitant.
10 For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one abath,1 And a 2homer of seed shall yield one ephah.”

11 aWoe to those who rise early in the morning, That they may 1follow intoxicating drink; Who continue until night, till wine inflames them!
12 aThe harp and the strings, The tambourine and flute, And wine are in their feasts; But bthey do not regard the work of the LORD, Nor consider the operation of His hands.

13 aTherefore my people have gone into captivity, Because they have no bknowledge; Their honorable men are famished, And their multitude dried up with thirst.
14 Therefore Sheol has enlarged itself And opened its mouth beyond measure; Their glory and their multitude and their pomp, And he who is jubilant, shall descend into it.
15 People shall be brought down, aEach man shall be humbled, And the eyes of the lofty shall be humbled.
16 But the LORD of hosts shall be aexalted in judgment, And God who is holy shall be hallowed in righteousness.
17 Then the lambs shall feed in their pasture,

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ISAIAH 5:18

And in the waste places of athe 1fat ones strangers shall eat.

18 Woe to those who 1draw iniquity with cords of 2vanity, And sin as if with a cart rope;
19 aThat say, “Let Him make speed and hasten His work, That we may see it; And let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw near and come, That we may know it.”

20 Woe to those who call evil good, and good evil; Who put darkness for light, and light for darkness; Who put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter!

21 Woe to those who are awise in their own eyes, And prudent in their own sight!

22 Woe to men mighty at drinking wine, Woe to men valiant for mixing intoxicating drink,
23 Who ajustify the wicked for a bribe, And take away justice from the righteous man!

24 Therefore, aas the 1fire devours the stubble, And the flame consumes the chaff, So btheir root will be as rottenness, And their blossom will ascend like dust; Because they have rejected the law of the LORD of hosts, And despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.
25 aTherefore the anger of the LORD is aroused against His people; He has stretched out His hand against them And stricken them, And bthe hills trembled. Their carcasses were as refuse in the midst of the streets.

cFor all this His anger is not turned away, But His hand is stretched out still.

26 aHe will lift up a banner to the nations from afar, And will bwhistle to them from cthe end of the earth; Surely dthey shall come with speed, swiftly.
27 No one will be weary or stumble among them, No one will slumber or sleep; Nor awill the belt on their loins be loosed, Nor the strap of their sandals be broken;
28 aWhose arrows are sharp,

17 aIs. 10:16
1Lit. fatlings,
rich ones
18 1drag
2emptiness or
falsehood
19 aJer. 17:15;
Amos 5:18
21 aProv. 3:7;
Rom. 1:22;
12:16; [1 Cor.
3:18–20] 23 aEx. 23:8;
Prov. 17:15; Is.
1:23; Mic.
3:11; 7:3
24 aEx. 15:7
bJob 18:16
1Lit. tongue of
fire
25 a2 Kin.
22:13, 17; Is.
66:15 bPs.
18:7; Is. 64:3;
Jer. 4:24; Nah.
1:5 cIs. 9:12,
17; Jer. 4:8;
Dan. 9:16
26 aIs. 11:10,
12 bIs. 7:18;
Zech. 10:8
cMal. 1:11
dJoel 2:7
27 aDan. 5:6
28 aJer. 5:16
1Lit. be regarded
as
30 aIs. 8:22;
Jer. 4:23–28;
Joel 2:10;
Luke 21:25, 26
1distress

CHAPTER 6 References

1 a2 Kin. 15:7;
2 Chr. 26:23;
Is. 1:1 bJohn
12:41; Rev.
4:2, 3; 20:11
2 aEzek. 1:11
3 aRev. 4:8
bNum. 14:21;
Ps. 72:19
5 aEx. 6:12, 30
1destroyed,
cut off
6 aRev. 8:3
7 aJer. 1:9;
Dan. 10:16
1atoned for
8 aGen. 1:26
9 aIs. 43:8;
Matt. 13:14;
Mark 4:12;
Luke 8:10;
John 12:40;
Acts 28:26;
Rom. 11:8

And all their bows bent; Their horses’ hooves will 1seem like flint, And their wheels like a whirlwind.
29 Their roaring will be like a lion, They will roar like young lions; Yes, they will roar And lay hold of the prey; They will carry it away safely, And no one will deliver.
30 In that day they will roar against them Like the roaring of the sea. And if one alooks to the land, Behold, darkness and 1sorrow; And the light is darkened by the clouds.

Isaiah Called to Be a Prophet

6

1 In the year that aKing Uzziah died, I bsaw the Lord sitting on a throne, high and lifted up, and the train of His robe filled the temple.
2 Above it stood seraphim; each one had six wings: with two he covered his face, awith two he covered his feet, and with two he flew.
3 And one cried to another and said:

a“Holy, holy, holy is the LORD of hosts; bThe whole earth is full of His glory!”

4 And the posts of the door were shaken by the voice of him who cried out, and the house was filled with smoke.
5 So I said:

“Woe is me, for I am 1undone! Because I am a man of aunclean lips, And I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips; For my eyes have seen the King, The LORD of hosts.”

6 Then one of the seraphim flew to me, having in his hand a live coal which he had taken with the tongs from athe altar.
7 And he atouched my mouth with it, and said:

“Behold, this has touched your lips; Your iniquity is taken away, And your sin 1purged.”

8 Also I heard the voice of the Lord, saying:

“Whom shall I send, And who will go for aUs?”

Then I said, “Here am I! Send me.”
9 And He said, “Go, and atell this people:

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‘Keep on hearing, but do not understand; Keep on seeing, but do not perceive.’

10 “Make athe heart of this people dull, And their ears heavy, And shut their eyes; bLest they see with their eyes, And hear with their ears, And understand with their heart, And return and be healed.”

11 Then I said, “Lord, how long?” And He answered:

a“Until the cities are laid waste and without inhabitant, The houses are without a man, The land is utterly desolate,
12 aThe LORD has removed men far away, And the forsaken places are many in the midst of the land.
13 But yet a tenth will be in it, And will return and be for consuming, As a terebinth tree or as an oak, Whose stump remains when it is cut down. So athe holy seed shall be its stump.”

Isaiah Sent to King Ahaz

7

1 Now it came to pass in the days of aAhaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that Rezin king of Syria and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up to Jerusalem to make war against bit, but could not 1prevail against it.
2 And it was told to the house of David, saying, “Syria’s forces are 1deployed in Ephraim.” So his heart and the heart of his people were moved as the trees of the woods are moved with the wind.
3 Then the LORD said to Isaiah, “Go out now to meet Ahaz, you and 1Shear-Jashub your son, at the end of the aqueduct from the upper pool, on the highway to the Fuller’s Field,
4 “and say to him: 1‘Take heed, and 2be aquiet; do not fear or be fainthearted for these two stubs of smoking firebrands, for the fierce anger of Rezin and Syria, and the son of Remaliah.
5 ‘Because Syria, Ephraim, and the son of Remaliah have plotted evil against you, saying,
6 “Let us go up against Judah and 1trouble it, and let us make a gap in its wall for ourselves, and set a king over them, the son of Tabel”—
7 ‘thus says the Lord GOD:

a“It shall not stand, Nor shall it come to pass.

10 aPs. 119:70;
Mark 6:1–6;
Acts 7:51;
Rom. 10:1–4
bJer. 5:21
11 aMic. 3:12
12 a2 Kin.
25:21; Is. 5:9
13 aDeut. 7:6;
Ezra 9:2

CHAPTER 7 References

1 a2 Chr. 28
b2 Kin. 16:5, 9
1conquer it
2 1Lit. settled
upon
3 1Lit. A Remnant
Shall
Return
4 aEx. 14:13;
Is. 30:15; Lam.
3:26 1Be careful
2be calm
6 1cause a
sickening
dread
7 a2 Kin. 16:5;
Is. 8:10; Acts
4:25, 26
8 a2 Sam. 8:6;
2 Kin. 17:6
1Lit. shattered
9 a2 Chr.
20:20; Is. 5:24
11 aMatt. 12:38
1Lit. make the
request deep
or make it
high above
14 aMatt. 1:23;
Luke 1:31;
John 1:45;
Rev. 12:5 b[Is.
9:6] cIs. 8:8, 10
1Lit. God-
With-Us
16 aIs. 8:4
b2 Kin. 15:30
17 a2 Chr.
28:19, 20; Is.
8:7, 8; 10:5, 6
b1 Kin. 12:16
18 aIs. 5:26
19 aIs. 2:19;
Jer. 16:16
20 aIs. 10:5, 15
b2 Kin. 16:7;
2 Chr. 28:20
1The Euphrates

ISAIAH 7:21

8 aFor the head of Syria is Damascus, And the head of Damascus is Rezin. Within sixty-five years Ephraim will be 1broken, So that it will not be a people.
9 The head of Ephraim is Samaria, And the head of Samaria is Remaliah’s son. aIf you will not believe, Surely you shall not be established.”

The Immanuel Prophecy

10 Moreover the LORD spoke again to Ahaz, saying,
11 a“Ask a sign for yourself from the LORD your God; 1ask it either in the depth or in the height above.”
12 But Ahaz said, “I will not ask, nor will I test the LORD!”
13 Then he said, “Hear now, O house of David! Is it a small thing for you to weary men, but will you weary my God also?
14 “Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: aBehold, the virgin shall conceive and bear ba Son, and shall call His name cImmanuel.1
15 “Curds and honey He shall eat, that He may know to refuse the evil and choose the good.
16 a“For before the Child shall know to refuse the evil and choose the good, the land that you dread will be forsaken by bboth her kings.
17 a“The LORD will bring the king of Assyria upon you and your people and your father’s house—days that have not come since the day that bEphraim departed from Judah.”

18 And it shall come to pass in that day That the LORD awill whistle for the fly That is in the farthest part of the rivers of Egypt, And for the bee that is in the land of Assyria.
19 They will come, and all of them will rest In the desolate valleys and in athe clefts of the rocks, And on all thorns and in all pastures.

20 In the same day the Lord will shave with a ahired brazor, With those from beyond 1the River, with the king of Assyria, The head and the hair of the legs, And will also remove the beard.

21 It shall be in that day That a man will keep alive a young cow and two sheep;

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ISAIAH 7:22

22 So it shall be, from the abundance of milk they give, That he will eat curds; For curds and honey everyone will eat who is left in the land.

23 It shall happen in that day, That wherever there could be a thousand vines Worth a thousand shekels of silver, aIt will be for briers and thorns.
24 With arrows and bows men will come there, Because all the land will become briers and thorns.

25 And to any hill which could be dug with the hoe, You will not go there for fear of briers and thorns; But it will become a range for oxen And a place for sheep to roam.

Assyria Will Invade the Land

8

1 Moreover the LORD said to me, “Take a large scroll, and awrite on it with a man’s pen concerning 1Maher-Shalal-Hash-Baz.
2 “And I will take for Myself faithful witnesses to record, aUriah the priest and Zechariah the son of Jeberechiah.”
3 Then I went to the prophetess, and she conceived and bore a son. Then the LORD said to me, “Call his name Maher-Shalal-Hash-Baz;
4 a“for before the child 1shall have knowledge to cry ‘My father’ and ‘My mother,’ bthe riches of Damascus and the 2spoil of Samaria will be taken away before the king of Assyria.”
5 The LORD also spoke to me again, saying:

6 “Inasmuch as these people refused The waters of aShiloah that flow softly, And rejoice bin Rezin and in Remaliah’s son;
7 Now therefore, behold, the Lord brings up over them The waters of 1the River, strong and mighty— The king of Assyria and all his glory; He will 2go up over all his channels And go over all his banks.
8 He will pass through Judah, He will overflow and pass over, aHe will reach up to the neck; And the stretching out of his wings Will 1fill the breadth of Your land, O bImmanuel.2

9 “Bea shattered, O you peoples, and be broken in pieces!

23 aIs. 5:6

CHAPTER 8 References

1 aIs. 30:8;
Hab. 2:2 1Lit.
Speed the
Spoil, Hasten
the Booty
2 a2 Kin. 16:10
4 a2 Kin. 17:6;
Is. 7:16
b2 Kin. 15:29
1knows how
2plunder
6 aJohn 9:7
bIs. 7:1, 2
7 1The Euphrates
2Overflow
8 aIs. 30:28 bIs.
7:14; Matt.
1:23 1Lit. be
the fullness of
2Lit. God-
With-Us
9 aJoel 3:9
10 aIs. 7:7;
Acts 5:38 bIs.
7:14 cRom.
8:31 1Heb. Immanuel
11 1Mighty
power
12 1Lit. fear or
terror 2Lit. in
dread
14 aIs. 4:6;
25:4; Ezek.
11:16 bLuke
2:34; 20:17;
Rom. 9:33;
1 Pet. 2:8
1holy abode
2stumbling
over
15 aMatt. 21:44
1captured
17 aDeut.
31:17; Is. 54:8
bHab. 2:3
18 aHeb. 2:13
bPs. 71:7
19 a1 Sam.
28:8 bIs. 29:4
cPs. 106:28
20 aIs. 1:10;
8:16; Luke
16:29 bIs. 8:22;
Mic. 3:6 1Or
they have no
dawn
21 aRev. 16:11
1Or by their
king and by
their God

Give ear, all you from far countries. Gird yourselves, but be broken in pieces; Gird yourselves, but be broken in pieces.
10 aTake counsel together, but it will come to nothing; Speak the word, bbut it will not stand, cFor 1God is with us.”

Fear God, Heed His Word

11 For the LORD spoke thus to me with 1a strong hand, and instructed me that I should not walk in the way of this people, saying:

12 “Do not say, ‘A conspiracy,’ Concerning all that this people call a conspiracy, Nor be afraid of their 1threats, nor be 2troubled.
13 The LORD of hosts, Him you shall hallow; Let Him be your fear, And let Him be your dread.
14 aHe will be as a 1sanctuary, But ba stone of stumbling and a rock of 2offense To both the houses of Israel, As a trap and a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
15 And many among them shall astumble; They shall fall and be broken, Be snared and 1taken.”

16 Bind up the testimony, Seal the law among my disciples.
17 And I will wait on the LORD, Who ahides His face from the house of Jacob; And I bwill hope in Him.
18 aHere am I and the children whom the LORD has given me! We bare for signs and wonders in Israel From the LORD of hosts, Who dwells in Mount Zion.

19 And when they say to you, a“Seek those who are mediums and wizards, bwho whisper and mutter,” should not a people seek their God? Should they cseek the dead on behalf of the living?
20 aTo the law and to the testimony! If they do not speak according to this word, it is because bthere1 is no light in them.
21 They will pass through it hardpressed and hungry; and it shall happen, when they are hungry, that they will be enraged and acurse 1their king and their God, and look upward.
22 Then they will look to the earth, and see trouble and darkness, gloom of anguish; and they will be driven into darkness

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PSALM 110

Announcement of the Messiah’s Reign

A Psalm of David.

1 THE aLORD said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your bfootstool.”
2 The LORD shall send the rod of Your strength aout of Zion. bRule in the midst of Your enemies!

3 aYour people shall be volunteers In the day of Your power; bIn the beauties of holiness, from the womb of the morning, You have the dew of Your youth.
4 The LORD has sworn

PSALM 110 References

1 aMatt. 22:44;
Mark 12:36;
16:19; Luke
20:42, 43; Acts
2:34, 35; Col.
3:1; Heb. 1:13
b[1 Cor. 15:25;
Eph. 1:22] 2 a[Rom.
11:26, 27] b[Ps. 2:9; Dan.
7:13, 14] 3 aJudg. 5:2;
Neh. 11:2
b1 Chr. 16:29;
Ps. 96:9
4 a[Num.
23:19] b[Zech.
6:13] c[Heb.
5:6, 10; 6:20] 5 a[Ps. 16:8] bPs. 2:5, 12;
[Rom. 2:5;
Rev. 6:17] 1Lit. break
kings in
pieces
6 aPs. 68:21
1Lit. break in
pieces
7 a[Is. 53:12]

And awill not relent, “You are a bpriest forever According to the order of cMelchizedek.”

5 The Lord is aat Your right hand; He shall 1execute kings bin the day of His wrath.
6 He shall judge among the nations, He shall fill the places with dead bodies, aHe shall 1execute the heads of many countries.
7 He shall drink of the brook by the wayside; aTherefore He shall lift up the head.

 
 

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