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The Prophets Before the Exile

(Category 8 of 16)

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Fasting that Pleases God


1 “Cry aloud, 1spare not; Lift up your voice like a trumpet; bTell My people their transgression, And the house of Jacob their sins.
2 Yet they seek Me daily, And delight to know My ways, As a nation that did righteousness, And did not forsake the ordinance of their God. They ask of Me the ordinances of justice; They take delight in approaching God.
3 ‘Whya have we fasted,’ they say, ‘and You have not seen? Why have we bafflicted our

CHAPTER 58 References

1 aMic. 3:8 1do
not hold back
3 aMal.
3:13–18; Luke
18:12 bLev.
16:29; 23:27
1Lit. drive
4 a1 Kin. 21:9
5 aZech. 7:5
bLev. 16:29
cEsth. 4:3; Job
2:8; Dan. 9:3
6 aLuke 4:18,
19 bNeh.
5:10–12 cJer.
34:9 1Lit.
bonds of the
7 aEzek. 18:7;
Matt. 25:35
bJob 31:19–22;
James 2:14–17
cGen. 29:14;
Neh. 5:5
8 aJob 11:17
bEx. 14:19; Is.
9 aPs. 12:2; Is.
59:13 1Lit.
sending out of
10 1Or gloom

souls, and You take no notice?’

“In fact, in the day of your fast you find pleasure, And 1exploit all your laborers.
4 aIndeed you fast for strife and debate, And to strike with the fist of wickedness. You will not fast as you do this day, To make your voice heard on high.
5 Is ait a fast that I have chosen, bA day for a man to afflict his soul? Is it to bow down his head like a bulrush, And cto spread out sackcloth and ashes? Would you call this a fast, And an acceptable day to the LORD?

6 “Is this not the fast that I have chosen: To aloose the bonds of wickedness, bTo undo the 1heavy burdens, cTo let the oppressed go free, And that you break every yoke?
7 Is it not ato share your bread with the hungry, And that you bring to your house the poor who are 1cast out; bWhen you see the naked, that you cover him, And not hide yourself from cyour own flesh?
8 aThen your light shall break forth like the morning, Your healing shall spring forth speedily, And your righteousness shall go before you; bThe glory of the LORD shall be your rear guard.
9 Then you shall call, and the LORD will answer; You shall cry, and He will say, ‘Here I am.’

“If you take away the yoke from your midst, The 1pointing of the finger, and aspeaking wickedness,
10 If you extend your soul to the hungry And satisfy the afflicted soul, Then your light shall dawn in the darkness, And your 1darkness shall be as the noonday.
11 The LORD will guide you continually, And satisfy your soul in drought, And strengthen your bones; You shall be like a watered garden,

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And like a spring of water, whose waters do not fail.
12 Those from among you aShall build the old waste places; You shall raise up the foundations of many generations; And you shall be called the Repairer of the Breach, The Restorer of 1Streets to Dwell In.

13 “If ayou turn away your foot from the Sabbath, From doing your pleasure on My holy day, And call the Sabbath a delight, The holy day of the LORD honorable, And shall honor Him, not doing your own ways, Nor finding your own pleasure, Nor speaking your own words,
14 aThen you shall delight yourself in the LORD; And I will cause you to bride on the high hills of the earth, And feed you with the heritage of Jacob your father. cThe mouth of the LORD has spoken.”

Separated from God


1 Behold, the LORD’s hand is not ashortened, That it cannot save; Nor His ear heavy, That it cannot hear.
2 But your iniquities have separated you from your God; And your sins have hidden His face from you, So that He will anot hear.
3 For ayour hands are defiled with 1blood, And your fingers with iniquity; Your lips have spoken lies, Your tongue has muttered perversity.

4 No one calls for justice, Nor does any plead for truth. They trust in aempty words and speak lies; bThey conceive 1evil and bring forth iniquity.
5 They hatch vipers’ eggs and weave the spider’s web; He who eats of their eggs dies, And from that which is crushed a viper breaks out.

6 aTheir webs will not become garments, Nor will they cover themselves with their works; Their works are works of iniquity, And the act of violence is in their hands.
7 aTheir feet run to evil,

12 aIs. 61:4
1Lit. Paths
13 aEx. 31:16,
17; 35:2, 3; Is.
56:2, 4, 6; Jer.
14 aJob 22:26;
Is. 61:10
bDeut. 32:13;
33:29; Is.
33:16; Hab.
3:19 cIs. 1:20;
40:5; Mic. 4:4

CHAPTER 59 References

1 aNum. 11:23;
Is. 50:2; Jer.
2 aIs. 1:15
3 aIs. 1:15, 21;
Jer. 2:30, 34;
Ezek. 7:23;
Hos. 4:2
4 aIs. 30:12;
Jer. 7:4 bJob
15:35; Ps.
7:14; Is. 33:11
6 aJob 8:14
7 aProv. 1:16;
Rom. 3:15
bProv. 6:17 cIs.
55:7 dRom.
3:16, 17
8 aIs. 57:20, 21
bPs. 125:5;
Prov. 2:15
9 aJer. 8:15
10 aDeut.
28:29; Job
5:14; Amos
11 aIs. 38:14;
Ezek. 7:16
12 aIs. 24:5;
13 aMatt. 12:34
15 aIs. 5:23;
10:2; 29:21;
32:7 1Lit. it
was evil in
His eyes
16 aIs. 41:28;
63:5; 64:7;
Ezek. 22:30
bMark 6:6 cPs.
98:1; Is. 63:5

ISAIAH 59:16

And they make haste to shed binnocent blood; cTheir thoughts are thoughts of iniquity; Wasting and ddestruction are in their paths.
8 The way of apeace they have not known, And there is no justice in their ways; bThey have made themselves crooked paths; Whoever takes that way shall not know peace.

Sin Confessed

9 Therefore justice is far from us, Nor does righteousness overtake us; aWe look for light, but there is darkness! For brightness, but we walk in blackness!
10 aWe grope for the wall like the blind, And we grope as if we had no eyes; We stumble at noonday as at twilight; We are as dead men in desolate places.
11 We all growl like bears, And amoan sadly like doves; We look for justice, but there is none; For salvation, but it is far from us.
12 For our atransgressions are multiplied before You, And our sins testify against us; For our transgressions are with us, And as for our iniquities, we know them:
13 In transgressing and lying against the LORD, And departing from our God, Speaking oppression and revolt, Conceiving and uttering afrom the heart words of falsehood.
14 Justice is turned back, And righteousness stands afar off; For truth is fallen in the street, And equity cannot enter.
15 So truth fails, And he who departs from evil makes himself a aprey.

The Redeemer of Zion

Then the LORD saw it, and 1it displeased Him That there was no justice.
16 aHe saw that there was no man, And bwondered that there was no intercessor; cTherefore His own arm brought salvation for Him; And His own righteousness, it sustained Him.

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ISAIAH 59:17

17 aFor He put on righteousness as a breastplate, And a helmet of salvation on His head; He put on the garments of vengeance for clothing, And was clad with zeal as a cloak.
18 aAccording to their deeds, accordingly He will repay, Fury to His adversaries, Recompense to His enemies; The coastlands He will fully repay.
19 aSo shall they fear The name of the LORD from the west, And His glory from the rising of the sun; When the enemy comes in blike a flood, The Spirit of the LORD will lift up a standard against him.

20 “Thea Redeemer will come to Zion, And to those who turn from transgression in Jacob,” Says the LORD.

21 “Asa for Me,” says the LORD, “this is My covenant with them: My Spirit who is upon you, and My words which I have put in your mouth, shall not depart from your mouth, nor from the mouth of your descendants, nor from the mouth of your descendantsdescendants,” says the LORD, “from this time and forevermore.”

The Gentiles Bless Zion


1 Arise, ashine; For your light has come! And bthe glory of the LORD is risen upon you.
2 For behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, And deep darkness the people; But the LORD will arise over you, And His glory will be seen upon you.
3 The aGentiles shall come to your light, And kings to the brightness of your rising.

4 “Lifta up your eyes all around, and see: They all gather together, bthey come to you; Your sons shall come from afar, And your daughters shall be nursed at your side.
5 Then you shall see and become radiant, And your heart shall swell with joy; Because athe abundance of the sea shall be turned to you,

17 aEph. 6:14,
17; 1 Thess.
18 aIs. 63:6;
Rom. 2:6
19 aPs. 113:3;
Mal. 1:11
bRev. 12:15
20 aRom. 11:26
21 a[Heb. 8:10;

CHAPTER 60 References

1 aEph. 5:14
bMal. 4:2
3 aIs. 49:6, 23;
Rev. 21:24
4 aIs. 49:18 bIs.
5 a[Rom.
11:25–27] 6 aGen. 25:4
bGen. 25:3; Ps.
72:10 cIs. 61:6;
Matt. 2:11
7 aGen. 25:13
bIs. 56:7 cIs.
60:13; Hag.
2:7, 9
9 aPs. 72:10
b[Gal. 4:26] cJer. 3:17 dIs.
10 aIs. 14:1, 2;
61:5; Zech.
6:15 bIs. 49:23;
Rev. 21:24 cIs.
57:17 dIs.
54:7, 8
11 aIs. 26:2;
60:18; 62:10;
Rev. 21:25, 26
12 aIs. 14:2;
Zech. 14:17;
Matt. 21:44
13 aIs. 35:2
b1 Chr. 28:2;
Ps. 132:7
14 aIs. 45:14
bIs. 49:23;
Rev. 3:9
c[Heb. 12:22;
Rev. 14:1]

The wealth of the Gentiles shall come to you.
6 The multitude of camels shall cover your land, The dromedaries of Midian and aEphah; All those from bSheba shall come; They shall bring cgold and incense, And they shall proclaim the praises of the LORD.
7 All the flocks of aKedar shall be gathered together to you, The rams of Nebaioth shall minister to you; They shall ascend with bacceptance on My altar, And cI will glorify the house of My glory.

8 “Who are these who fly like a cloud, And like doves to their roosts?
9 aSurely the coastlands shall wait for Me; And the ships of Tarshish will come first, bTo bring your sons from afar, cTheir silver and their gold with them, To the name of the LORD your God, And to the Holy One of Israel, dBecause He has glorified you.

10 “Thea sons of foreigners shall build up your walls, bAnd their kings shall minister to you; For cin My wrath I struck you, dBut in My favor I have had mercy on you.
11 Therefore your gates ashall be open continually; They shall not be shut day or night, That men may bring to you the wealth of the Gentiles, And their kings in procession.
12 aFor the nation and kingdom which will not serve you shall perish, And those nations shall be utterly ruined.

13 “Thea glory of Lebanon shall come to you, The cypress, the pine, and the box tree together, To beautify the place of My sanctuary; And I will make bthe place of My feet glorious.
14 Also the sons of those who afflicted you Shall come abowing to you, And all those who despised you shall bfall prostrate at the soles of your feet; And they shall call you The City of the LORD, cZion of the Holy One of Israel.

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15 “Whereas you have been forsaken and hated, So that no one went through you, I will make you an eternal excellence, A joy of many generations.
16 You shall drink the milk of the Gentiles, aAnd milk the breast of kings; You shall know that bI, the LORD, am your Savior And your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.

17 “Instead of bronze I will bring gold, Instead of iron I will bring silver, Instead of wood, bronze, And instead of stones, iron. I will also make your officers peace, And your magistrates righteousness.
18 Violence shall no longer be heard in your land, Neither 1wasting nor destruction within your borders; But you shall call ayour walls Salvation, And your gates Praise.

God the Glory of His People

19 “The asun shall no longer be your light by day, Nor for brightness shall the moon give light to you; But the LORD will be to you an everlasting light, And byour God your glory.
20 aYour sun shall no longer go down, Nor shall your moon withdraw itself; For the LORD will be your everlasting light, And the days of your mourning shall be ended.
21 aAlso your people shall all be righteous; bThey shall inherit the land forever, cThe branch of My planting, dThe work of My hands, That I may be glorified.
22 aA little one shall become a thousand, And a small one a strong nation. I, the LORD, will hasten it in its time.”

16 aIs. 49:23
bIs. 43:3
18 aIs. 26:1
19 aRev. 21:23;
22:5 bIs. 41:16;
45:25; Zech.
20 aAmos 8:9
21 aIs. 52:1;
Rev. 21:27
bPs. 37:11;
Matt. 5:5 aIs.
61:3; [Matt.
15:13; John
15:2] bIs.
29:23; [Eph.
2:10] 22 aMatt.
13:31, 32

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PSALM 119 vv. 153


153 aConsider my affliction and deliver me,

PSALM 119 vv. 153 References

153 aLam. 5:1

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PSALM 119 vv. 154 – 176

For I do not forget Your law.
154 aPlead my cause and redeem me; Revive me according to Your word.
155 Salvation is far from the wicked, For they do not seek Your statutes.
156 1Great are Your tender mercies, O LORD; Revive me according to Your judgments.
157 Many are my persecutors and my enemies, Yet I do not aturn from Your testimonies.
158 I see the treacherous, and aam disgusted, Because they do not keep Your word.
159 Consider how I love Your precepts; Revive me, O LORD, according to Your lovingkindness.
160 The entirety of Your word is truth, And every one of Your righteous judgments endures forever.


161 aPrinces persecute me without a cause, But my heart stands in awe of Your word.
162 I rejoice at Your word As one who finds great treasure.
163 I hate and abhor lying, But I love Your law.
164 Seven times a day I praise You, Because of Your righteous judgments.

PSALM 119 vv. 154 – 176 References

154 a1 Sam.
24:15; Mic. 7:9
156 1Or Many
157 aPs. 44:18
158 aEzek. 9:4
161 a1 Sam.
24:11; 26:18
165 aProv. 3:2;
[Is. 26:3;
32:17] 1Lit.
they have no
166 aGen.
168 aJob 24:23;
Prov. 5:21
169 aPs.
119:27, 144
170 1Prayer of
171 aPs. 119:7
173 aJosh.
24:22; Luke
174 aPs.
119:166 bPs.
119:16, 24
176 a[Is. 53:6];
Jer. 50:6;
Matt. 18:12;
Luke 15:4;
[1 Pet. 2:25]

165 aGreat peace have those who love Your law, And 1nothing causes them to stumble.
166 aLORD, I hope for Your salvation, And I do Your commandments.
167 My soul keeps Your testimonies, And I love them exceedingly.
168 I keep Your precepts and Your testimonies, aFor all my ways are before You.


169 Let my cry come before You, O LORD; aGive me understanding according to Your word.
170 Let my 1supplication come before You; Deliver me according to Your word.
171 aMy lips shall utter praise, For You teach me Your statutes.
172 My tongue shall speak of Your word, For all Your commandments are righteousness.
173 Let Your hand become my help, For aI have chosen Your precepts.
174 aI long for Your salvation, O LORD, And bYour law is my delight.
175 Let my soul live, and it shall praise You; And let Your judgments help me.
176 aI have gone astray like a lost sheep; Seek Your servant, For I do not forget Your commandments.




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