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Covenant with Abraham

(Category 2 of 16)

Category 2 Song called Covenant With Abraham

The Bible’s main way of talking about God’s relationship to humanity is the image of a partnership. This video traces the way God entered into a series of formal relationships with various human partners in order to rescue the world through Jesus, the ultimate covenant partner.

An animated walkthrough of “The Covenants” in the Bible

The Covenants


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Hagar and Ishmael


1 Now Sarai, Abram’s wife, ahad borne him no children. And she had ban Egyptian maidservant whose name was cHagar.
2 aSo Sarai said to Abram, “See now, the LORD bhas restrained me from bearing children. Please, cgo in to my maid; perhaps I shall 1obtain children by her.” And Abram dheeded the voice of Sarai.
3 Then Sarai, Abram’s wife, took Hagar her maid, the Egyptian, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife, after Abram ahad dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan.
4 So he went in to Hagar, and she conceived. And when she saw that she had conceived, her mistress became adespised in her 1eyes.
5 Then Sarai said to Abram, 1“My wrong be upon you! I gave my maid into your embrace; and when she saw that she had conceived, I became despised in her eyes. aThe LORD judge between you and me.”
6 aSo Abram said to Sarai, “Indeed your maid is in your hand; do to her as you please.” And when Sarai

CHAPTER 16 References

1 aGen. 11:30;
15:2, 3 bGen.
12:16; 21:9
cGal. 4:24
2 aGen. 30:3
bGen. 20:18
cGen. 30:3, 9
dGen. 3:17
1Lit. be built
up from
3 aGen. 12:4, 5
4 a[Prov.
30:21, 23] 1sight
5 aGen. 31:53
1The wrong
done to me be
6 a1 Pet. 3:7
bEx. 2:15
7 aGen. 21:17,
18; 22:11, 15;
31:11 bGen.
20:1; 25:18
cEx. 15:22
9 a(Titus 2:9)
10 aGen. 17:20
11 aLuke 1:13,
31 1Lit. God
12 aGen. 21:20
bGen. 25:18
13 aGen. 31:42
1Heb. El Roi
2Seen the
back of
14 aGen. 24:62
bNum. 13:26
1Lit.Well of
the One Who
Lives and
Sees Me
15 aGal. 4:22

CHAPTER 17 References

1 aGen. 12:7;
18:1 bGen.
28:3; 35:11
c2 Kin. 20:3
dDeut. 18:13
1Heb. El
2 aGen. 15:18
bGen. 12:2;
13:16; 15:5;
4 a[Rom. 4:11,
12, 16] 1Lit.
multitude of
5 aNeh. 9:7
bRom. 4:17
1Lit. Exalted
Father 2Lit.
Father of a
Multitude 3a
multitude of
6 aGen. 17:16;
35:11 bMatt.

dealt harshly with her, bshe fled from her presence.
7 Now the aAngel of the LORD found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, bby the spring on the way to cShur.
8 And He said, “Hagar, Sarai’s maid, where have you come from, and where are you going?” She said, “I am fleeing from the presence of my mistress Sarai.”
9 The Angel of the LORD said to her, “Return to your mistress, and asubmit yourself under her hand.”
10 Then the Angel of the LORD said to her, a“I will multiply your descendants exceedingly, so that they shall not be counted for multitude.”
11 And the Angel of the LORD said to her:

“Behold, you are with child, aAnd you shall bear a son. You shall call his name 1Ishmael, Because the LORD has heard your affliction.
12 aHe shall be a wild man; His hand shall be against every man, And every man’s hand against him. bAnd he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.”

13 Then she called the name of the LORD who spoke to her, You-Are- 1the-God-Who-Sees; for she said, “Have I also here 2seen Him awho sees me?”
14 Therefore the well was called aBeer Lahai Roi;1 observe, it is bbetween Kadesh and Bered.
15 So aHagar bore Abram a son; and Abram named his son, whom Hagar bore, Ishmael.
16 Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore Ishmael to Abram.

The Sign of the Covenant


1 When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the LORD aappeared to Abram and said to him, b“I am 1Almighty God; cwalk before Me and be dblameless.
2 “And I will make My acovenant between Me and you, and bwill multiply you exceedingly.”
3 Then Abram fell on his face, and God talked with him, saying:
4 “As for Me, behold, My covenant is with you, and you shall be aa father of 1many nations.
5 “No longer shall ayour name be called 1Abram, but your name shall be 2Abraham; bfor I have made you a father of 3many nations.
6 “I will make you exceedingly fruitful; and I will make anations of you, and bkings shall come from you.

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7 “And I will aestablish My covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you in their generations, for an everlasting covenant, bto be God to you and cyour descendants after you.
8 “Also aI give to you and your descendants after you the land bin1 which you are a stranger, all the land of Canaan, as an everlasting possession; and cI will be their God.”
9 And God said to Abraham: “As for you, ayou shall keep My covenant, you and your descendants after you throughout their generations.
10 “This is My covenant which you shall keep, between Me and you and your descendants after you: aEvery male child among you shall be circumcised;
11 “and you shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskins, and it shall be aa sign of the covenant between Me and you.
12 “He who is eight days old among you ashall be circumcised, every male child in your generations, he who is born in your house or bought with money from any foreigner who is not your descendant.
13 “He who is born in your house and he who is bought with your money must be circumcised, and My covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.
14 “And the uncircumcised male child, who is not circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin, that person ashall be cut off from his people; he has broken My covenant.”
15 Then God said to Abraham, “As for Sarai your wife, you shall not call her name Sarai, but 1Sarah shall be her name.
16 “And I will bless her aand also give you a son by her; then I will bless her, and she shall be a mother bof nations; ckings of peoples shall be from her.”
17 Then Abraham fell on his face aand laughed, and said in his heart, “Shall a child be born to a man who is one hundred years old? And shall Sarah, who is ninety years old, bear a child?”
18 And Abraham asaid to God, “Oh, that Ishmael might live before You!”
19 Then God said: “No, aSarah your wife shall bear you a son, and you shall call his name Isaac; I will establish My bcovenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his descendants after him.
20 “And as for Ishmael, I have heard you. Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and awill multiply him exceedingly. He shall beget btwelve princes, cand I will make him a great nation.
21 “But My acovenant I will establish with Isaac, bwhom Sarah shall bear to you at this cset time next year.”

7 a[Gal. 3:17] bGen. 26:24;
28:13 cRom.
8 aActs 7:5
bGen. 23:4;
28:4 cLev.
26:12 1Lit. of
your sojournings
9 aEx. 19:5
10 aActs 7:8
11 aEx. 12:13,
12 aLev. 12:3
14 aEx.
15 1Lit.
16 aGen. 18:10
bGen. 35:11
cGen. 17:6;
17 aGen. 17:3;
18:12; 21:6
18 aGen. 18:23
19 aGen. 18:10;
21:2; bGen.
20 aGen. 16:10
cGen. 21:13,
21 aGen.
26:2–5 bGen.
21:2 cGen.
27 aGen. 18:19

CHAPTER 18 References

1 aGen. 13:18;
14:13 1Heb.
Alon Mamre
2 aHeb. 13:2
bGen. 19:1
4 aGen. 19:2;
24:32; 43:24
5 aJudg. 6:18,
19; 13:15, 16
bJudg. 19:5
cGen. 19:8;
8 aGen. 19:3
9 aGen. 24:67
10 a2 Kin. 4:16
bRom. 9:9
11 aGen. 17:17
bGen. 31:35
1Lit. the manner
of women
had ceased to
be with Sarah
12 aGen. 17:17


22 Then He finished talking with him, and God went up from Abraham.
23 So Abraham took Ishmael his son, all who were born in his house and all who were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham’s house, and circumcised the flesh of their foreskins that very same day, as God had said to him.
24 Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.
25 And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.
26 That very same day Abraham was circumcised, and his son Ishmael;
27 and aall the men of his house, born in the house or bought with money from a foreigner, were circumcised with him.

The Son of Promise


1 Then the LORD appeared to him by 1the aterebinth trees of Mamre, as he was sitting in the tent door in the heat of the day.
2 aSo he lifted his eyes and looked, and behold, three men were standing by him; band when he saw them, he ran from the tent door to meet them, and bowed himself to the ground,
3 and said, “My Lord, if I have now found favor in Your sight, do not pass on by Your servant.
4 “Please let aa little water be brought, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree.
5 “And aI will bring a morsel of bread, that byou may refresh your hearts. After that you may pass by, cinasmuch as you have come to your servant.” They said, “Do as you have said.”
6 So Abraham hurried into the tent to Sarah and said, “Quickly, make ready three measures of fine meal; knead it and make cakes.”
7 And Abraham ran to the herd, took a tender and good calf, gave it to a young man, and he hastened to prepare it.
8 So ahe took butter and milk and the calf which he had prepared, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree as they ate.
9 Then they said to him, “Where is Sarah your wife?” So he said, “Here, ain the tent.”
10 And He said, “I will certainly return to you aaccording to the time of life, and behold, bSarah your wife shall have a son.” (Sarah was listening in the tent door which was behind him.)
11 Now aAbraham and Sarah were old,well advanced in age; and 1Sarah bhad passed the age of childbearing.
12 Therefore Sarah alaughed within

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herself, saying, b“After I have grown old, shall I have pleasure, my clord being old also?”
13 And the LORD said to Abraham, “Why did Sarah laugh, saying, ‘Shall I surely bear a child, since I am old?’ 14 a“Is anything too hard for the LORD? bAt the appointed time I will return to you, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son.”
15 But Sarah denied it, saying, “I did not laugh,” for she was afraid. And He said, “No, but you did laugh!”

Abraham Intercedes for Sodom

16 Then the men rose from there and looked toward Sodom, and Abraham went with them ato send them on the way. 17 And the LORD said, a“Shall I hide from Abraham what I am doing,
18 “since Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be ablessed in him?
19 “For I have known him, in order athat he may command his children and his household after him, that they keep the way of the LORD, to do righteousness and justice, that the LORD may bring to Abraham what He has spoken to him.”
20 And the LORD said, “Because athe outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their bsin is very grave,
21 a“I will go down now and see whether they have done altogether according to the outcry against it that has come to Me; and if not, bI will know.”
22 Then the men turned away from there aand went toward Sodom, but Abraham still stood before the LORD.
23 And Abraham acame near and said, b“Would You also cdestroy the drighteous with the wicked?
24 “Suppose there were fifty righteous within the city; would You also destroy the place and not spare it for the fifty righteous that were in it?
25 “Far be it from You to do such a thing as this, to slay the righteous with the wicked, so athat the righteous should be as the wicked; far be it from You! bShall not the Judge of all the earth do right?”
26 So the LORD said, a“If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sakes.”
27 Then Abraham answered and said, “Indeed now, I who am abut dust and ashes have taken it upon myself to speak to the Lord:
28 “Suppose there were five less than the fifty righteous; would You destroy all of the city for lack of five?” So He said, “If I find there forty-five, I will not destroy it.”
29 And he spoke to Him yet again

12 bLuke 1:18
c1 Pet. 3:6
14 aJer. 32:17
bGen. 17:21;
16 aRom. 15:24
17 aPs. 25:14
18 a[Acts 3:25,
19 a[Deut. 4:9,
10; 6:6, 7] 20 aGen. 4:10;
19:13 bGen.
21 aGen. 11:5
bDeut. 8:2;
22 aGen. 18:16;
23 a[Heb.
10:22] bNum.
16:22 cJob
9:22 dGen.
25 aIs. 3:10, 11
bDeut. 1:16,
17; 32:4
26 aJer. 5:1
27 a(Gen. 3:19)
32 aJudg. 6:39
bJames 5:16

and said, “Suppose there should be forty found there?” So He said, “I will not do it for the sake of forty.” 30 Then he said, “Let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak: Suppose thirty should be found there?” So He said, “I will not do it if I find thirty there.”
31 And he said, “Indeed now, I have taken it upon myself to speak to the Lord: Suppose twenty should be found there?” So He said, “I will not destroy it for the sake of twenty.”
32 Then he said, a“Let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak but once more: Suppose ten should be found there?” bAnd He said, “I will not destroy it for the sake of ten.”
33 So the LORD went His way as soon as He had finished speaking with Abraham; and Abraham returned to his place.

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A Prayer for Guidance

To the Chief Musician.With 1flutes. A Psalm of David.

1 GIVE aear to my words, O LORD, Consider my 1meditation.
2 Give heed to the voice of my cry, My King and my God, For to You I will pray.
3 My voice You shall hear in the morning, O LORD; aIn the morning I will direct it to You, And I will look up.

4 For You are not a God who takes pleasure in wickedness, Nor shall evil 1dwell with You.
5 The aboastful shall not bstand in Your sight; You hate all workers of iniquity.
6 You shall destroy those who speak falsehood; The LORD abhors the abloodthirsty and deceitful man.

7 But as for me, I will come into Your house in the multitude of Your mercy; In fear of You I will worship toward 1Your holy temple.

PSALM 5 References

title 1Heb. nehiloth
1 aPs. 4:1 1Lit.
3 aPs. 55:17;
4 1Lit. sojourn
5 a[Hab. 1:13] bPs. 1:5
6 aPs. 55:23
7 1Lit. the
temple of
Your holiness
8 aPs. 25:4, 5;
27:11; 31:3
9 aRom. 3:13
11 1protect, lit.

8 aLead me, O LORD, in Your righteousness because of my enemies; Make Your way straight before my face.

9 For there is no 1faithfulness in their mouth; Their inward part is destruction; aTheir throat is an open tomb; They flatter with their tongue.
10 Pronounce them guilty, O God! Let them fall by their own counsels; Cast them out in the multitude of their transgressions, For they have rebelled against You.

11 But let all those rejoice who put their trust in You; Let them ever shout for joy, because You 1defend them; Let those also who love Your name Be joyful in You.
12 For You, O LORD, will bless the righteous; With favor You will surround him as with a shield.




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