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The Wisdom of Israel

(Category 9 of 16)

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1 Better ais the poor who walks in his integrity Than one who is perverse in his lips, and is a fool.

2 Also it is not good for a soul to be without knowledge, And he sins who hastens with his feet.

3 The foolishness of a man twists his way, And his heart frets against the LORD.

4 aWealth makes many friends, But the poor is separated from his friend.

5 A afalse witness will not go unpunished,

CHAPTER 19 References

1 aProv. 28:6
4 aProv. 14:20
5 aEx. 23:1;
Prov. 6:19;
7 aProv. 14:20
bPs. 38:11
1Lit. are not
8 aProv. 16:20
1Lit. heart
10 aProv.
30:21, 22
11 aJames 1:19
bProv. 16:32;
[Matt. 5:44];
Eph. 4:32;
Col. 3:13
12 aProv. 16:14
bGen. 27:28;
Deut. 33:28;
Ps. 133:3;
Hos. 14:5;
Mic. 5:7
13 aProv. 10:1
bProv. 21:9, 19
14 a2 Cor.
12:14 bProv.
15 aProv. 6:9
bProv. 10:4
16 aProv.
13:13; 16:17;
Luke 10:28;
11:28 1Is reckless,
17 aDeut. 15:7,
8; Job 23:12,
13; Prov.
28:27; Eccl.
11:1; Matt.
10:42; 25:40;
[2 Cor. 9:6–8];
Heb. 6:10
18 aProv. 13:24
1Lit. to put
him to death;
a Jewish tradition
on his

And he who speaks lies will not escape.

6 Many entreat the favor of the nobility, And every man is a friend to one who gives gifts.
7 aAll the brothers of the poor hate him; How much more do his friends go bfar from him! He may pursue them with words, yet they 1abandon him.

8 He who gets 1wisdom loves his own soul; He who keeps understanding awill find good.

9 A false witness will not go unpunished, And he who speaks lies shall perish.

10 Luxury is not fitting for a fool, Much less afor a servant to rule over princes.

11 aThe discretion of a man makes him slow to anger, bAnd his glory is to overlook a transgression.

12 aThe king’s wrath is like the roaring of a lion, But his favor is blike dew on the grass.

13 aA foolish son is the ruin of his father, bAnd the contentions of a wife are a continual 1dripping.

14 aHouses and riches are an inheritance from fathers, But ba prudent wife is from the LORD.

15 aLaziness casts one into a deep sleep, And an idle person will bsuffer hunger.

16 aHe who keeps the commandment keeps his soul, But he who 1is careless of his ways will die.

17 aHe who has pity on the poor lends to the LORD, And He will pay back what he has given.

18 aChasten your son while there is hope, And do not set your heart 1on his destruction.

19 A man of great wrath will suffer punishment; For if you rescue him, you will have to do it again.

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20 Listen to counsel and receive instruction, That you may be wise ain your latter days.

21 There are many plans in a man’s heart, aNevertheless the LORD’s counsel—that will stand.

22 What is desired in a man is 1kindness, And a poor man is better than a liar.

23 aThe fear of the LORD leads to life, And he who has it will abide in satisfaction; He will not be visited with evil.

24 aA lazy man buries his hand in the 1bowl, And will not so much as bring it to his mouth again.

25 Strike a scoffer, and the simple awill become wary; bRebuke one who has understanding, and he will discern knowledge.

26 He who mistreats his father and chases away his mother Is aa son who causes shame and brings reproach.

27 Cease listening to instruction, my son, And you will stray from the words of knowledge.

28 A 1disreputable witness scorns justice, And athe mouth of the wicked devours iniquity.

29 Judgments are prepared for scoffers, aAnd beatings for the backs of fools.


1 Wine ais a mocker, Strong drink is a brawler, And whoever is led astray by it is not wise.

2 The 1wrath of a king is like the roaring of a lion; Whoever provokes him to anger sins against his own life.

3 aIt is honorable for a man to stop striving, Since any fool can start a quarrel.

4 aThe lazy man will not plow because of winter; bHe will beg during harvest and have nothing.

20 aPs. 37:37
21 aPs. 33:10,
11; Prov. 16:9;
Is. 46:10; Heb.
22 1Lit. lovingkindness
23 aProv.
14:27; [1 Tim.
4:8] 24 aProv. 15:19
1LXX, Syr.
bosom; Tg.,
Vg. armpit
25 aDeut. 13:11
bProv. 9:8
26 aProv. 17:2
28 aJob 15:16
1Lit. witness
of Belial,
29 aProv. 26:3

CHAPTER 20 References

1 aGen. 9:21;
23:29–35; Is.
28:7; Hos. 4:11
2 1Lit. fear or
terror, produced
by the
king’s wrath
3 aProv. 17:14
4 aProv. 10:4
bProv. 19:15
6 1Lit. mercy
7 a2 Cor. 1:12
bPs. 37:26
9 a[1 Kin. 8:46;
2 Chr. 6:36];
Job 9:30, 31;
14:4; [Ps. 51:5;
Eccl. 7:20;
Rom. 3:9;
1 John 1:8] 10 aDeut. 25:13
11 aMatt. 7:16
12 aEx. 4:11;
Ps. 94:9
13 aRom. 12:11
14 1Lit. evil,
15 a[Job
Prov. 3:13–15] 16 aProv. 22:26
17 aProv. 9:17
18 aProv. 24:6
bLuke 14:31
19 aProv. 11:13
bRom. 16:1


5 Counsel in the heart of man is like deep water, But a man of understanding will draw it out.

6 Most men will proclaim each his own 1goodness, But who can find a faithful man?

7 aThe righteous man walks in his integrity; bHis children are blessed after him.

8 A king who sits on the throne of judgment Scatters all evil with his eyes.

9 aWho can say, “I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin”?

10 aDiverse weights and diverse measures, They are both alike, an abomination to the LORD.

11 Even a child is aknown by his deeds, Whether what he does is pure and right.

12 aThe hearing ear and the seeing eye, The LORD has made them both.

13 aDo not love sleep, lest you come to poverty; Open your eyes, and you will be satisfied with bread.

14 “It is 1good for nothing,” cries the buyer; But when he has gone his way, then he boasts.

15 There is gold and a multitude of rubies, But athe lips of knowledge are a precious jewel.

16 aTake the garment of one who is surety for a stranger, And hold it as a pledge when it is for a seductress.

17 aBread gained by deceit is sweet to a man, But afterward his mouth will be filled with gravel.

18 aPlans are established by counsel; bBy wise counsel wage war.

19 aHe who goes about as a talebearer reveals secrets; Therefore do not associate with one

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20 aWhoever curses his father or his mother, bHis lamp will be put out in deep darkness.

21 aAn inheritance gained hastily at the beginning bWill not be blessed at the end.

22 aDo not say, “I will 1recompense evil”; bWait for the LORD, and He will save you.

23 Diverse weights are an abomination to the LORD, And dishonest scales are not good.

24 A man’s steps are of the LORD; How then can a man understand his own way?

25 It is a snare for a man to devote rashly something as holy, And afterward to reconsider his vows.

26 aA wise king sifts out the wicked, And brings the threshing wheel over them.

27 aThe spirit of a man is the lamp of the LORD, Searching all the 1inner depths of his heart.

28 aMercy and truth preserve the king, And by 1lovingkindness he upholds his throne.

29 The glory of young men is their strength, And athe splendor of old men is their gray head.

30 Blows that hurt cleanse away evil, As do stripes the 1inner depths of the heart.


1 The king’s heart is in the hand of the LORD, Like the 1rivers of water; He turns it wherever He wishes.

2 aEvery way of a man is right in his own eyes, bBut the LORD weighs the hearts.

3 aTo do righteousness and justice Is more acceptable to the LORD than sacrifice.

4 aA haughty look, a proud heart, And the 1plowing of the wicked are sin.

5 aThe plans of the diligent lead surely to plenty,

20 aEx. 21:17;
Lev. 20:9;
Prov. 30:11;
Matt. 15:4
bJob 18:5, 6;
Prov. 24:20
21 aProv. 28:20
bHab. 2:6
22 a[Deut.
32:35]; Prov.
17:13; 24:29;
1 Thess. 5:15;
[1 Pet. 3:9] b2 Sam. 16:12
26 aPs. 101:8
27 a1 Cor. 2:11
1Lit. rooms of
the belly
28 aPs. 101:1;
Prov. 21:21
29 aProv. 16:31
30 1Lit. rooms
of the belly

CHAPTER 21 References

1 1channels
2 aProv. 16:2
bProv. 24:12;
Luke 16:15
3 a1 Sam.
15:22; Prov.
15:8; Is. 1:11,
16, 17; Hos.
6:6; [Mic. 6:7,
8] 4 aProv. 6:17
1Or lamp
5 aProv. 10:4
6 a2 Pet. 2:3
1LXX Pursue
vanity on the
snares of
death; Vg. Is
vain and foolish,
and shall
stumble on
the snares of
death; Tg.
They shall be
and they shall
fall who seek
7 1Lit. drag
them away
8 1Or The way
of a man is
perverse and
9 aProv. 19:13
10 aJames 4:5
11 aProv. 19:25
13 a[Matt. 7:2;
James 2:13;
1 John 3:17
14 1Under
cover, lit. in
the bosom
16 aPs. 49:14
19 1Lit. in the
land of the

But those of everyone who is hasty, surely to poverty.

6 aGetting treasures by a lying tongue 1Is the fleeting fantasy of those who seek death.

7 The violence of the wicked will 1destroy them, Because they refuse to do justice.

8 The way of 1a guilty man is perverse; But as for the pure, his work is right.

9 Better to dwell in a corner of a housetop, Than in a house shared with aa contentious woman.

10 aThe soul of the wicked desires evil; His neighbor finds no favor in his eyes.

11 When the scoffer is punished, the simple is made wise; But when the awise is instructed, he receives knowledge.

12 The righteous God wisely considers the house of the wicked, Overthrowing the wicked for their wickedness.

13 aWhoever shuts his ears to the cry of the poor Will also cry himself and not be heard.

14 A gift in secret pacifies anger, And a bribe 1behind the back, strong wrath.

15 It is a joy for the just to do justice, But destruction will come to the workers of iniquity.

16 A man who wanders from the way of understanding Will rest in the assembly of the adead.

17 He who loves pleasure will be a poor man; He who loves wine and oil will not be rich.

18 The wicked shall be a ransom for the righteous, And the unfaithful for the upright.

19 Better to dwell 1in the wilderness, Than with a contentious and angry woman.

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20 aThere is desirable treasure, And oil in the dwelling of the wise, But a foolish man squanders it.

21 aHe who follows righteousness and mercy Finds life, righteousness, and honor.

22 A awise man 1scales the city of the mighty, And brings down the trusted stronghold.

23 aWhoever guards his mouth and tongue Keeps his soul from troubles.

24 A proud and haughty man— “Scoffer” is his name; He acts with arrogant pride.
25 The adesire of the lazy man kills him, For his hands refuse to labor.
26 He covets greedily all day long, But the righteous agives and does not spare.

27 aThe sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination; How much more when he brings it with wicked intent!

28 A false witness shall perish, But the man who hears him will speak endlessly.

29 A wicked man hardens his face, But as for the upright, he 1establishes his way.

30 aThere is no wisdom or understanding Or counsel against the LORD.

31 The horse is prepared for the day of battle, But adeliverance is of the LORD.

20 aPs. 112:3;
Prov. 8:21
21 aProv. 15:9;
Matt. 5:6;
[Rom. 2:7];
1 Cor. 15:58
22 a2 Sam.
5:6–9; Prov.
24:5; Eccl.
7:19; 9:15, 16
1Climbs over
the walls of
23 aProv.
12:13; 13:3;
18:21; [James
3:2] 25 aProv. 13:4
26 a[Prov. 22:9;
Eph. 4:28] 27 aProv. 15:8;
Is. 66:3; Jer.
6:20; Amos
29 1Qr., LXX
30 aIs. 8:9, 10;
[Jer. 9:23, 24];
Acts 5:39;
1 Cor. 3:19, 20
31 aPs. 3:8; Jer.
3:23; [1 Cor.

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The Safety of the Faithful

To the 1Chief Musician.With stringed instruments. A Psalm of David.

1 HEAR me when I call, O God of my righteousness! You have relieved me in my distress; 1Have mercy on me, and hear my prayer.

2 How long, O you sons of men, Will you turn my glory to shame? How long will you love worthlessness And seek falsehood? Selah
3 But know that athe LORD has 1set apart for Himself him who is godly; The LORD will hear when I call to Him.

PSALM 4 References

title 1Choir
1 1Be gracious
to me
3 a[2 Tim.
2:19] 1Many
Heb. mss.,
LXX, Tg.,Vg.
made wonderful
4 a[Ps. 119:11;
Eph. 4:26] bPs. 77:6 1Lit.
Tremble or Be
5 aDeut. 33:19;
Ps. 51:19 bPs.
37:3, 5; 62:8
6 aNum. 6:26;
Ps. 80:3, 7, 19
7 aPs. 97:11,
12; Is. 9:3;
Acts 14:17
8 aJob 11:19;
Ps. 3:5 b[Lev.
25:18]; Deut.

4 aBe1 angry, and do not sin. bMeditate within your heart on your bed, and be still. Selah
5 Offer athe sacrifices of righteousness, And bput your trust in the LORD.

6 There are many who say, “Who will show us any good?” aLORD, lift up the light of Your countenance upon us.
7 You have put agladness in my heart, More than in the season that their grain and wine increased.
8 aI will both lie down in peace, and sleep; bFor You alone, O LORD, make me dwell in safety.




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