The Wisdom of Israel
(Category 9 of 16)
Watch our Read Scripture video on the Song of Songs, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. There is one Read Scripture video dedicated to the Song of Songs, which aims to help you see its unique contribution to the story of Jesus, but also how it works within the Bible’s overall framework.
The Song of Songs is a collection of ancient Israelite love poems that celebrate the beauty and power of God’s gift of love and sexual desire.
Explore Song of Songs
SONG OF SONGS: (RS)
SONG OF SOLOMON
(SONG OF SONGS)
THE Song of Solomon is a love song written by Solomon and abounding in
metaphors and oriental imagery. Historically, it depicts the wooing and wedding
of a shepherdess by King Solomon, and the joys and heartaches of wedded
Allegorically, it pictures Israel as God’s betrothed bride (Hos. 2:19, 20), and the
church as the bride of Christ. As human life finds its highest fulfillment in the love
of man and woman, so spiritual life finds its highest fulfillment in the love of God
for His people and Christ for His church.
The book is arranged like scenes in a drama with three main speakers: the
bride (Shulamite), the king (Solomon), and a chorus (daughters of Jerusalem).
The Hebrew title Shir Hashirim comes from 1:1, “The song of songs.” This is in
the superlative and speaks of Solomon’s most exquisite song. The Greek title
Asma Asmaton and the Latin Canticum Canticorum also mean “Song of Songs”
or “The Best Song.” The name Canticles (“Songs”) is derived from the Latin title.
Because Solomon is mentioned in 1:1, the book is also known as the Song of
SONG OF SOLOMON 1:1
1 THE asong of songs, which is Solomon’s.
2 Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth— aFor 2your love is better than wine.
3 Because of the fragrance of your good ointments, Your name is ointment poured forth; Therefore the virgins love you.
4 aDraw me away!
THE DAUGHTERS OF JERUSALEM
bWe will run after 1you.
The king chas brought me into his chambers.
THE DAUGHTERS OF JERUSALEM
We will be glad and rejoice in 2you.
We will remember 1your love more than wine.
Rightly do they love you.
5 I am dark, but lovely, O daughters of Jerusalem, Like the tents of Kedar, Like the curtains of Solomon.
6 Do not look upon me, because I am dark, Because the sun has 1tanned me. My mother’s sons were angry with me; They made me the keeper of the vineyards, But my own avineyard I have not kept.
(TO HER BELOVED)
7 Tell me, O you whom I love, Where you feed your flock, Where you make it rest at noon. For why should I be as one who 1veils herself By the flocks of your companions?
8 If you do not know, aO fairest among women, 1Follow in the footsteps of the flock, And feed your little goats Beside the shepherds’ tents.
9 I have compared you, amy love, bTo my filly among Pharaoh’s chariots.
CHAPTER 1 References
1 a1 Kin. 4:32
2 aSong 4:10
person of the
identity is not
4 aHos. 11:4;
6 aSong 8:11,
12 1Lit. looked
7 1LXX, Syr.,
8 aSong 5:9
1Lit. Go out
9 aSong 2:2,
10, 13; 4:1, 7;
b2 Chr. 1:16
11 1Fem. sing.:
15 aSong 4:1;
5:12 1my companion,
CHAPTER 2 References
3 aSong 4:16;
Rev. 22:1, 2
4 1Lit. house
6 aSong 8:3
7 aSong 3:5;
10 aYour cheeks are lovely with ornaments, Your neck with chains of gold.
THE DAUGHTERS OF JERUSALEM
11 We will make 1you ornaments of gold With studs of silver.
12 While the king is at his table, My 1spikenard sends forth its fragrance.
13 A bundle of myrrh is my beloved to me, That lies all night between my breasts.
14 My beloved is to me a cluster of henna blooms In the vineyards of En Gedi.
15 aBehold, you are fair, 1my love! Behold, you are fair! You have dove’s eyes.
16 Behold, you are ahandsome, my beloved! Yes, pleasant! Also our 1bed is green.
17 The beams of our houses are cedar, And our rafters of fir.
1 I am the rose of Sharon, And the lily of the valleys.
2 Like a lily among thorns, So is my love among the daughters.
3 Like an apple tree among the trees of the woods, So is my beloved among the sons. I sat down in his shade with great delight, And ahis fruit was sweet to my taste.
THE SHULAMITE TO THE DAUGHTERS OF JERUSALEM
4 He brought me to the 1banqueting house, And his banner over me was love.
5 Sustain me with cakes of raisins, Refresh me with apples, For I am lovesick.
6 aHis left hand is under my head, And his right hand embraces me.
7 aI 1charge you, O daughters of Jerusalem, By the gazelles or by the does of the field, Do not stir up nor awaken love Until it pleases.
The Beloved’s Request
8 The voice of my beloved! Behold, he comes Leaping upon the mountains, Skipping upon the hills.
9 aMy beloved is like a or a young stag. Behold, he stands behind our wall; He is looking through the windows, Gazing through the .
10 My beloved spoke, and said to me: “Rise up, my love, my fair one, And come away.
11 For lo, the winter is past, The rain is over and gone.
12 The flowers appear on the earth; The time of singing has come, And the voice of the Is heard in our land.
13 The fig tree puts forth her green figs, And the vines with the tender grapes Give a good smell. Rise up, my love, my fair one, And come away!
14 “O my adove, in the clefts of the rock, In the secret places of the cliff, Let me see your 1face, bLet me hear your voice; For your voice is sweet, And your face is lovely.”
15 Catch us athe foxes, The little foxes that spoil the vines, For our vines have tender grapes.
16 aMy beloved is mine, and I am his. He feeds his flock among the lilies.
(TO HER BELOVED)
17 aUntil the day breaks And the shadows flee away, Turn, my beloved, And be blike a Or a young stag Upon the mountains of 1Bether.
A Troubled Night
1 By anight on my bed I sought the one I love; I sought him, but I did not find him.
2 “I will rise now,” I said, “And go about the city;
9 aProv. 6:5;
14 aSong 5:2
15 aPs. 80:13;
16 aSong 6:3
17 aSong 4:6
CHAPTER 3 References
1 aIs. 26:9
3 aSong 5:7;
Is. 21:6–8, 11,
4 aSong 8:2
5 aSong 2:7;
6 aSong 8:5
9 1A portable
CHAPTER 4 References
1 aSong 1:15;
5:12 bSong 6:5
SONG OF SOLOMON 4:1
In the streets and in the squares I will seek the one I love.” I sought him, but I did not find him.
3 aThe watchmen who go about the city found me; I said, “Have you seen the one I love?”
4 Scarcely had I passed by them, When I found the one I love. I held him and would not let him go, Until I had brought him to the ahouse of my mother, And into the 1chamber of her who conceived me.
5 aI 1charge you, O daughters of Jerusalem, By the gazelles or by the does of the field, Do not stir up nor awaken love Until it pleases.
The Coming of Solomon
6 aWho is this coming out of the wilderness Like pillars of smoke, Perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, With all the merchant’s fragrant powders?
7 Behold, it is Solomon’s couch, With sixty valiant men around it, Of the valiant of Israel.
8 They all hold swords, Being expert in war. Every man has his sword on his thigh Because of fear in the night.
9 Of the wood of Lebanon Solomon the King Made himself a 1
10 He made its pillars of silver, Its support of gold, Its seat of purple, Its interior paved with love By the daughters of Jerusalem.
11 Go forth, O daughters of Zion, And see King Solomon with the crown With which his mother crowned him On the day of his wedding, The day of the gladness of his heart.
1 Behold, ayou are fair, my love! Behold, you are fair! You have dove’s eyes behind your veil. Your hair is like a bflock of goats, Going down from Mount Gilead.
SONG OF SOLOMON 4:2
2 aYour teeth are like a flock of shorn sheep Which have come up from the washing, Every one of which bears twins, And none is 1barren among them.
3 Your lips are like a strand of , And your mouth is lovely. aYour temples behind your veil Are like a piece of pomegranate.
4 aYour neck is like the tower of David, Built bfor an armory, On which hang a thousand 1bucklers, All shields of mighty men.
5 aYour two breasts are like two fawns, Twins of a , Which feed among the lilies.
6 aUntil the day breaks And the shadows flee away, I will go my way to the mountain of myrrh And to the hill of frankincense.
7 aYou are all fair, my love, And there is no spot in you.
8 Come with me from Lebanon, my spouse, With me from Lebanon. Look from the top of Amana, From the top of Senir aand Hermon, From the lions’ dens, From the mountains of the leopards.
9 You have ravished my heart, My sister, my spouse; You have ravished my heart With one look of your eyes, With one link of your necklace.
10 How fair is your love, My sister, my spouse! aHow much better than wine is your love, And the 1scent of your perfumes Than all spices!
11 Your lips, O my spouse, Drip as the honeycomb; aHoney and milk are under your tongue; And the fragrance of your garments Is blike the fragrance of Lebanon.
12 A garden 1enclosed Is my sister, my spouse, A spring shut up, A fountain sealed.
13 Your plants are an orchard of pomegranates With pleasant fruits, Fragrant henna with spikenard,
14 Spikenard and saffron,
2 aSong 6:6
3 aSong 6:7
4 aSong 7:4
5 aProv. 5:19;
6 aSong 2:17
7 aSong 1:15;
8 aDeut. 3:9;
1 Chr. 5:23;
10 aSong 1:2, 4
Hos. 14:6, 7
12 1locked or
15 aZech. 14:8;
16 aSong 5:1
Calamus and cinnamon, With all trees of frankincense, Myrrh and aloes, With all the chief spices—
15 A fountain of gardens, A well of aliving waters, And streams from Lebanon.
16 Awake, O north wind, And come, O south! Blow upon my garden, That its spices may flow out. aLet my beloved come to his garden And eat its pleasant bfruits.
Faith in the LORD’s Righteousness
To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David.
1 IN athe LORD I put my trust; How can you say to my soul, “Flee as a bird to your mountain”?
2 For look! aThe wicked bend their bow, They make ready their arrow on the string, That they may shoot 1secretly at the upright in heart.
3 aIf the foundations are destroyed, What can the righteous do?
4 The LORD is in His holy temple, The LORD’s athrone is in heaven; bHis eyes behold, His eyelids test the sons of men.
5 The LORD atests the righteous, But the wicked and the one
PSALM 11 References
1 aPs. 56:11
2 aPs. 64:3, 4
1Lit. in darkness
3 aPs. 82:5;
4 aPs. 2:4; [Is.
Rev. 4:2 b[Ps.
16] 5 aGen. 22:1;
[James 1:12] 6 a1 Sam. 1:4;
Ps. 75:8; Ezek.
7 aPs. 33:5;
45:7 1Or The
6 Upon the wicked He will rain coals; Fire and brimstone and a burning wind aShall be 1the portion of their cup.
7 For the LORD is righteous, He aloves righteousness; 1His countenance beholds the upright.
DREAM IT => PLAN IT => DO IT
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