The Prophets of The Exile
(Category 10 of 16)
The Potter and the Clay
1 The word which came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying:
2 “Arise and go down to the potter’s house, and there I will cause you to hear My words.”
3 Then I went down to the potter’s house, and there he was, making something at the 1wheel.
4 And the vessel that he 1made of clay was 2marred in the hand of the
CHAPTER 18 References
4 1was making
6 aRom. 9:20,
21 bIs. 64:8
7 aJer. 1:10
18:21; 33:11] bJer. 26:3
11 a2 Kin.
12 aJer. 2:25
23:17 1Lit. do
13 aJer. 2:10,
11 bJer. 5:30
15 aJer. 2:13,
32 bJer. 6:16
16 aJer. 19:8 b1
17 aJer. 13:24
bPs. 48:7 cJer.
2:27 1So with
look them in
potter; so he made it again into another vessel, as it seemed good to the potter to make.
5 Then the word of the LORD came to me, saying:
6 “O house of Israel, acan I not do with you as this potter?” says the LORD. “Look, bas the clay is in the potter’s hand, so are you in My hand, O house of Israel!
7 “The instant I speak concerning a nation and concerning a kingdom, to apluck up, to pull down, and to destroy it,
8 a“if that nation against whom I have spoken turns from its evil, bI will relent of the disaster that I thought to bring upon it.
9 “And the instant I speak concerning a nation and concerning a kingdom, to build and to plant it,
10 “if it does evil in My sight so that it does not obey My voice, then I will relent concerning the good with which I said I would benefit it.
11 “Now therefore, speak to the men of and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying, ‘Thus says the LORD: “Behold, I am fashioning a disaster and devising a plan against you. aReturn now every one from his evil way, and make your ways and your doings bgood.” ’ ”
God’s Warning Rejected
12 And they said, a“That is hopeless! So we will walk according to our own plans, and we will every one 1obey the bdictates2 of his evil heart.”
13 Therefore thus says the LORD:
a“Ask now among the Gentiles, Who has heard such things? The virgin of Israel has done ba very horrible thing.
14 Will a man 1leave the snow water of Lebanon, Which comes from the rock of the field? Will the cold flowing waters be forsaken for strange waters?
15 “Because My people have forgotten aMe, They have burned
16 To make their land adesolate and a perpetual bhissing; Everyone who passes by it will be astonished And shake his head.
17 aI will scatter them bas with an east wind before the enemy; cI will 1show them the back and not the face In the day of their calamity.”
18 Then they said, a“Come and let us devise plans against Jeremiah; bfor the law shall not perish from the priest, nor counsel from the wise, nor the word from the prophet. Come and let us attack him with the tongue, and let us not give heed to any of his words.”
19 Give heed to me, O LORD, And listen to the voice of those who contend with me!
20 aShall evil be repaid for good? For they have bdug a pit for my life. Remember that I cstood before You To speak good 1for them, To turn away Your wrath from them.
21 Therefore adeliver up their children to the famine, And pour out their blood By the force of the sword; Let their wives become widows And bbereaved of their children. Let their men be put to death, Their young men be slain By the sword in battle.
22 Let a cry be heard from their houses, When You bring a troop suddenly upon them; For they have dug a pit to take me, And hidden snares for my feet.
23 Yet, LORD,You know all their counsel Which is against me, to slay me. aProvide no atonement for their iniquity, Nor blot out their sin from Your sight; But let them be overthrown before You. Deal thus with them In the time of Your banger.
The Sign of the Broken Flask
1 Thus says the LORD: “Go and get a potter’s earthen flask, and take some of the elders of the people and some of the elders of the priests.
2 “And go out to athe Valley of the Son of Hinnom, which is by the entry of the Potsherd Gate; and proclaim there the words that I will tell you,
3 a“and say, ‘Hear the word of the LORD, O kings of and inhabitants of Jerusalem. Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: “Behold, I will bring such a catastrophe on this place, that whoever hears of it, his ears will btingle.
4 “Because they ahave forsaken Me and made this an alien place, because they have burned in it to other gods whom neither they,
18 aJer. 11:19
[John 7:48] 20 aPs. 109:4
bPs. 35:7; 57:6;
Jer. 5:26 cJer.
bJer. 15:7, 8;
23 aNeh. 4:5;
109:14; Is. 2:9;
Jer. 11:20 bJer.
CHAPTER 19 References
2 aJosh. 15:8;
2 Kin. 23:10;
3 aJer. 17:20
b1 Sam. 3:11;
2 Kin. 21:12
4 aDeut. 28:20;
Is. 65:11; Jer.
2:13, 17, 19;
b2 Kin. 21:12;
Jer. 2:34; 7:6
5 aNum. 22:41;
18:21; 2 Kin.
6 aJosh. 15:8;
7 aLev. 26:17;
Jer. 15:2, 9
bPs. 79:2; Jer.
8 aJer. 18:16;
9 aLev. 26:29;
55; Is. 9:20;
10 aJer. 51:63,
11 aPs. 2:9; Is.
4:2; Rev. 2:27
bJer. 7:32 1restored
13 a2 Kin.
74:7; 79:1; Jer.
b2 Kin. 23:12;
Zeph. 1:5 cJer.
14 a2 Chr. 20:5;
15 aNeh. 9:17,
29; Jer. 7:26;
CHAPTER 20 References
1 aEzra 2:37,
38 b1 Chr.
their fathers, nor the kings of
5 a“(they have also built the high places of Baal, to burn their sons with fire for burnt offerings to Baal, bwhich I did not command or speak, nor did it come into My mind),
6 “therefore behold, the days are coming,” says the LORD, “that this place shall no more be called Tophet or athe Valley of the Son of Hinnom, but the Valley of Slaughter.
7 “And I will make void the counsel of and Jerusalem in this place, aand I will cause them to fall by the sword before their enemies and by the hands of those who seek their lives; their bcorpses I will give as meat for the birds of the heaven and for the beasts of the earth.
8 “I will make this city adesolate and a hissing; everyone who passes by it will be astonished and hiss because of all its plagues.
9 “And I will cause them to eat the aflesh of their sons and the flesh of their daughters, and everyone shall eat the flesh of his friend in the siege and in the desperation with which their enemies and those who seek their lives shall drive them to despair.” ’
10 a“Then you shall break the flask in the sight of the men who go with you,
11 “and say to them, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts: a“Even so I will break this people and this city, as one breaks a potter’s vessel, which cannot be 1made whole again; and they shall bbury them in Tophet till there is no place to bury.
12 “Thus I will do to this place,” says the LORD, “and to its inhabitants, and make this city like Tophet.
13 “And the houses of Jerusalem and the houses of the kings of shall be defiled alike the place of Tophet, because of all the houses on whose broofs they have burned to all the host of heaven, and cpoured out drink offerings to other gods.” ’ ”
14 Then Jeremiah came from Tophet, where the LORD had sent him to prophesy; and he stood in athe court of the Lord’s house and said to all the people,
15 “Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: ‘Behold, I will bring on this city and on all her towns all the doom that I have pronounced against it, because athey have stiffened their necks that they might not hear My words.’ ”
The Word of God to Pashhur
1 Now aPashhur the son of bImmer, the priest who was also chief governor in the house of the
LORD, heard that Jeremiah prophesied these things.
2 Then Pashhur struck Jeremiah the prophet, and put him in the stocks that were in the high agate of Benjamin, which was by the house of the LORD.
3 And it happened on the next day that Pashhur brought Jeremiah out of the stocks. Then Jeremiah said to him, “The LORD has not called your name Pashhur, but 1Magor-Missabib.
4 “For thus says the LORD: ‘Behold, I will make you a terror to yourself and to all your friends; and they shall fall by the sword of their enemies, and your eyes shall see it. I will agive all into the hand of the king of , and he shall carry them captive to and slay them with the sword.
5 ‘Moreover I awill deliver all the wealth of this city, all its produce, and all its precious things; all the treasures of the kings of I will give into the hand of their enemies, who will plunder them, seize them, and bcarry them to .
6 ‘And you, Pashhur, and all who dwell in your house, shall go into captivity. You shall go to , and there you shall die, and be buried there, you and all your friends, to whom you have aprophesied lies.’ ”
Jeremiah’s Unpopular Ministry
7 O LORD,You 1induced me, and I was persuaded; aYou are stronger than I, and have prevailed. bI am 2in derision daily; Everyone mocks me.
8 For when I spoke, I cried out; aI shouted, “Violence and plunder!” Because the word of the LORD was made to me A reproach and a derision daily.
9 Then I said, “I will not make mention of Him, Nor speak anymore in His name.” But His word was in my heart like a aburning fire Shut up in my bones; I was weary of holding it back, And bI could not.
10 aFor I heard many 1mocking: “Fear on every side!” “Report,” they say, “and we will report it!” bAll my acquaintances watched for my stumbling, saying, “Perhaps he can be induced; Then we will prevail against him, And we will take our revenge on him.”
2 aJer. 37:13
3 1Lit. Fear on
4 aJer. 21:4–10
5 a2 Kin. 20:17
7 aJer. 1:6, 7
all the day
8 aJer. 6:7
9 aPs. 39:3
10 aPs. 31:13
11 aJer. 1:18,
19 bJer. 15:20;
12 a[Jer. 11:20;
parts, lit. kidneys
13 aPs. 35:9,
10; 109:30, 31
14 aJob 3:3
16 aGen. 19:25
17 aJob 3:10,
18 aJob 3:20
bLam. 3:1 1toil
CHAPTER 21 References
1 a2 Kin.
24:17, 18 bJer.
38:1 c2 Kin.
2 aJer. 37:3, 7
and so elsewhere
4 1Or Babylonians,
11 But the LORD is awith me as a mighty, awesome One. Therefore my persecutors will stumble, and will not bprevail. They will be greatly ashamed, for they will not prosper. Their ceverlasting confusion will never be forgotten.
12 But, O LORD of hosts, You who atest the righteous, And see the 1mind and heart, bLet me see Your vengeance on them; For I have pleaded my cause before You.
13 Sing to the LORD! Praise the LORD! For aHe has delivered the life of the poor From the hand of evildoers.
14 aCursed be the day in which I was born! Let the day not be blessed in which my mother bore me!
15 Let the man be cursed Who brought news to my father, saying, “A male child has been born to you!” Making him very glad.
16 And let that man be like the cities Which the LORD aoverthrew, and did not relent; Let him bhear the cry in the morning And the shouting at noon,
17 aBecause he did not kill me from the womb, That my mother might have been my grave, And her womb always enlarged with me.
18 aWhy did I come forth from the womb to bsee 1labor and sorrow, That my days should be consumed with shame?
Jerusalem’s Doom Is Sealed
1 The word which came to Jeremiah from the LORD when aKing Zedekiah sent to him bPashhur the son of Melchiah, and cZephaniah the son of Maaseiah, the priest, saying,
2 a“Please inquire of the LORD for us, for 1Nebuchadnezzar king of makes war against us. Perhaps the LORD will deal with us according to all His wonderful works, that the king may go away from us.”
3 Then Jeremiah said to them, “Thus you shall say to Zedekiah,
4 ‘Thus says the LORD God of Israel: “Behold, I will turn back the weapons of war that are in your hands, with which you fight against the king of and the 1Chaldeans who besiege you outside
the walls; and aI will assemble them in the midst of this city.
5 “I aMyself will fight against you with an boutstretched hand and with a strong arm, even in anger and fury and great wrath.
6 “I will strike the inhabitants of this city, both man and beast; they shall die of a great pestilence.
7 “And afterward,” says the LORD, a“I will deliver Zedekiah king of , his servants and the people, and such as are left in this city from the pestilence and the sword and the famine, into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of , into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of those who seek their life; and he shall strike them with the edge of the sword. bHe shall not spare them, or have pity or mercy.” ’
8 “Now you shall say to this people, ‘Thus says the LORD: “Behold, aI set before you the way of life and the way of death.
9 “He who aremains in this city shall die by the sword, by famine, and by pestilence; but he who goes out and 1defects to the Chaldeans who besiege you, he shall blive, and his life shall be as a prize to him.
10 “For I have aset My face against this city for adversity and not for good,” says the LORD. b“It shall be given into the hand of the king of , and he shall cburn it with fire.” ’
Message to the House of David
11 “And concerning the house of the king of
12 ‘O house of David! Thus says the LORD:
a“Execute1 judgment bin the morning; And deliver him who is plundered Out of the hand of the oppressor, Lest My fury go forth like fire And burn so that no one can quench it, Because of the evil of your doings.
13 “Behold, aI am against you, O 1inhabitant of the valley, And rock of the plain,” says the LORD, “Who say, b‘Who shall come down against us? Or who shall enter our dwellings?’
14 But I will punish you according to the afruit of your 1doings,” says the LORD; “I will kindle a fire in its forest, And shall devour all things around it.”
4 aIs. 13:4
5 aIs. 63:10
7 aJer. 37:17;
39:5; 52:9 b2
8 aDeut. 30:15,
9 aJer. 38:2
10 aAmos 9:4
bJer. 38:3 cJer.
34:2, 22; 37:10
12 aZech. 7:9
13:8] bJer. 49:4
14 aIs. 3:10, 11
b2 Chr. 36:19
CHAPTER 22 References
2 aJer. 17:20
3 aJer. 21:12
bJer. 7:6 1Dispense
4 aJer. 17:25
5 aHeb. 6:13,
6 aSong 4:1
7 aIs. 37:24
9 a2 Chr. 34:25
10 a2 Kin.
11 a1 Chr. 3:15
b2 Kin. 23:34
13 a2 Kin.
5:4 1Lit. roof
1 Thus says the LORD: “Go down to the house of the king of
2 “and say, a‘Hear the word of the LORD, O king of , you who sit on the throne of David, you and your servants and your people who enter these gates!
3 ‘Thus says the LORD: a“Execute1 judgment and righteousness, and deliver the plundered out of the hand of the oppressor. Do no wrong and do no violence to the stranger, the bfatherless, or the widow, nor shed innocent blood in this place.
4 “For if you indeed do this thing, athen shall enter the gates of this house, riding on horses and in chariots, accompanied by servants and people, kings who sit on the throne of David.
5 “But if you will not 1hear these words, aI swear by Myself,” says the LORD, “that this house shall become a desolation.”
6 For thus says the LORD to the house of the king of :
“You are aGilead to Me, The head of Lebanon; Yet I surely will make you a wilderness, Cities which are not inhabited.
7 I will prepare destroyers against you, Everyone with his weapons; They shall cut down ayour choice cedars bAnd cast them into the fire.
8 “And many nations will pass by this city; and everyone will say to his neighbor, a‘Why has the LORD done so to this great city?’
9 “Then they will answer, a‘Because they have forsaken the covenant of the LORD their God, and worshiped other gods and served them.’ ”
10 Weep not for athe dead, nor bemoan him; Weep bitterly for him bwho goes away, For he shall return no more, Nor see his native country.
Message to the Sons of Josiah
11 For thus says the LORD concerning aShallum1 the son of Josiah, king of
12 “but he shall die in the place where they have led him captive, and shall see this land no more.
13 “Woea to him who builds his house by unrighteousness And his 1chambers by injustice, bWho uses his neighbor’s service without wages
And gives him nothing for his work,
14 Who says, ‘I will build myself a wide house with spacious 1chambers, And cut out windows for it, Paneling it with cedar And painting it with vermilion.’
15 “Shall you reign because you enclose yourself in cedar? Did not your father eat and drink, And do justice and righteousness? Then ait was well with him.
16 He 1judged the cause of the poor and needy; Then it was well. Was not this knowing Me?” says the LORD.
17 “Yeta your eyes and your heart are for nothing but your covetousness, For shedding innocent blood, And practicing oppression and violence.”
18 Therefore thus says the LORD concerning Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of:
a“They shall not lament for him, Saying, b‘Alas, my brother!’ or ‘Alas, my sister!’ They shall not lament for him, Saying, ‘Alas, master!’ or ‘Alas, his glory!’
19 aHe shall be buried with the burial of a donkey, Dragged and cast out beyond the gates of Jerusalem.
20 “Go up to Lebanon, and cry out, And lift up your voice in Bashan; Cry from Abarim, For all your lovers are destroyed.
21 I spoke to you in your prosperity, But you said, ‘I will not hear.’ aThis has been your manner from your youth, That you did not obey My voice.
22 The wind shall eat up all ayour 1rulers, And your lovers shall go into captivity; Surely then you will be ashamed and humiliated For all your wickedness.
23 O inhabitant of Lebanon, Making your nest in the cedars, How gracious will you be when pangs come upon you, Like athe pain of a woman in 1labor?
Message to Coniah
24 “As I live,” says the LORD, a“though 1Coniah the son of Je-
14 1Lit. roof
15 aPs. 128:2
17 aEzek. 19:6
18 aJer. 16:4, 6
b1 Kin. 13:30
19 aJer. 36:30
21 aJer. 3:24,
22 aJer. 23:1
23 aJer. 6:24
24 a2 Kin.
24:6, 8 bHag.
2:23 1Or Jeconiah
25 aJer. 34:20
26 a2 Kin.
28 aHos. 8:8
1See note at v.
29 aDeut. 32:1
30 aMatt. 1:12
hoiakim, king of
25 a“and I will give you into the hand of those who seek your life, and into the hand of those whose face you fear—the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of and the hand of the 1Chaldeans.
26 a“So I will cast you out, and your mother who bore you, into another country where you were not born; and there you shall die.
27 “But to the land to which they desire to return, there they shall not return.
28 “Is this man 1Coniah a despised, broken idol— aA vessel in which is no pleasure? Why are they cast out, he and his descendants, And cast into a land which they do not know?
29 aO earth, earth, earth, Hear the word of the LORD!
30 Thus says the LORD: ‘Write this man down as achildless, A man who shall not prosper in his days; For bnone of his descendants shall prosper, Sitting on the throne of David, And ruling anymore in .’ ”
God the Sovereign Savior
To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David athe servant of the LORD, who spoke to the LORD the words of bthis song on the day that the LORD delivered him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul. And he said:
1 I aWILL love You, O LORD, my strength.
2 The LORD is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer; My God, my 1strength, ain whom I will trust; My and the 2horn of my salvation, my stronghold.
3 I will call upon the LORD, awho is worthy to be praised; So shall I be saved from my enemies.
4 aThe pangs of death surrounded me, And the floods of 1ungodliness made me afraid.
PSALM 18 References
title aPs. 36:
title b2 Sam.
1 aPs. 144:1
2 aHeb. 2:13
3 aPs. 76:4;
4 aPs. 116:3
7 aActs 4:31
9 aPs. 144:5
6 In my distress I called upon the LORD, And cried out to my God; He heard my voice from His temple, And my cry came before Him, even to His ears.
7 aThen the earth shook and trembled; The foundations of the hills also quaked and were shaken, Because He was angry.
8 Smoke went up from His nostrils, And devouring fire from His mouth; Coals were kindled by it.
9 aHe bowed the heavens also, and came down With darkness under His feet.
10 aAnd He rode upon a cherub, and flew; bHe flew upon the wings of the wind.
11 He made darkness His secret place; aHis canopy around Him was dark waters And thick clouds of the skies.
12 aFrom the brightness before Him, His thick clouds passed with hailstones and coals of fire.
13 The LORD thundered from heaven, And the Most High uttered aHis voice, 1Hailstones and coals of fire.
14 aHe sent out His arrows and scattered 1the foe, Lightnings in abundance, and He vanquished them.
15 Then the channels of the sea were seen, The foundations of the world were uncovered At Your rebuke, O LORD, At the blast of the breath of Your nostrils.
16 aHe sent from above, He took me; He drew me out of many waters.
17 He delivered me from my strong enemy, From those who hated me, For they were too strong for me.
18 They confronted me in the day of my calamity, But the LORD was my support.
19 aHe also brought me out into a broad place; He delivered me because He delighted in me.
20 aThe LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness; According to the cleanness of my hands He has recompensed me.
21 For I have kept the ways of the LORD, And have not wickedly departed from my God.
22 For all His judgments were before me, And I did not put away His statutes from me.
23 I was also blameless 1before Him, And I kept myself from my iniquity.
24 aTherefore the LORD has recompensed me according to my righteousness, According to the cleanness of my hands in His sight.
PSALM 18 References
10 aPs. 80:1;
104:3] 11 aPs. 97:2
12 aPs. 97:3;
13 a[Ps. 29:3–9;
with MT, Tg.,
Vg.; a few
and coals of
16 aPs. 144:7
19 aPs. 4:1;
20 a1 Sam.
33:26]; Ps. 7:8
24 a1 Sam.
25 a[1 Kin.
27 a[Ps. 101:5];
28 a1 Kin. 15:4;
Job 18:6; [Ps.
119:105] 29 1Or run
15:3 bPs. 12:6;
[Prov. 30:5] c[Ps. 17:7] 1Lit. refined
1 Sam. 2:2;
Is. 45:5] 32 a[Ps. 91:2] 33 a2 Sam.
34 aPs. 144:1
36 aPs. 66:9;
39 1Lit. caused
26 With the pure You will show Yourself pure; And awith the devious You will show Yourself shrewd.
27 For You will save the humble people, But will bring down ahaughty looks.
28 aFor You will light my lamp; The LORD my God will enlighten my darkness.
29 For by You I can 1run against a troop, By my God I can leap over a wall.
30 As for God, aHis way is perfect; bThe word of the LORD is 1proven; He is a cto all who trust in Him.
31 aFor who is God, except the LORD? And who is a rock, except our God?
32 It is God who aarms me with strength, And makes my way perfect.
33 aHe makes my feet like the feet of deer, And bsets me on my high places.
34 aHe teaches my hands to make war, So that my arms can bend a bow of bronze.
35 You have also given me the
36 You enlarged my path under me, aSo my feet did not slip.
37 I have pursued my enemies and overtaken them; Neither did I turn back again till they were destroyed.
38 I have wounded them, So that they could not rise; They have fallen under my feet.
39 For You have armed me with strength for the battle; You have 1subdued under me those who rose up against me.
40 You have also given me the necks of my enemies, So that I destroyed those who hated me.
41 They cried out, but there was none to save;
aEven to the LORD, but He did not answer them.
42 Then I beat them as fine as the dust before the wind; I acast them out like dirt in the streets.
43 You have delivered me from the strivings of the people; aYou have made me the head of the 1nations; bA people I have not known shall serve me.
44 As soon as they hear of me they obey me; The foreigners 1submit to me.
45 aThe foreigners fade away, And come frightened from their hideouts.
46 The LORD lives! Blessed be my Rock! Let the God of my salvation be exalted.
PSALM 18 References
41 aJob 27:9;
Prov. 1:28; Is.
42 aZech. 10:5
43 a2 Sam.
8; Ps. 89:27
44 1feign submission
45 aMic. 7:17
47 aPs. 47:3
48 aPs. 27:6;
49 a2 Sam.
50 a2 Sam.
7:12; Ps. 21:1;
48 He delivers me from my enemies. aYou also lift me up above those who rise against me; You have delivered me from the violent man.
49 aTherefore I will give thanks to You, O LORD, among the 1Gentiles, And sing praises to Your name.
50 aGreat deliverance He gives to His king, And shows mercy to His anointed, To David and his 1descendants forevermore.
DREAM IT => PLAN IT => DO IT
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