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Prophets After the Exile

(Category 12 of 16)

Watch our Read Scripture video on the book of Zechariah, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. There is one Read Scripture video dedicated to the book of Zechariah, which aims to help you see its unique contribution to the story of Jesus, but also how they work within the Bible’s overall framework.

In this book, Zechariah’s visions foster hope in the future promise of the messianic kingdom and challenge Israel after the exile to remain faithful to God.

Explore Zechariah



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The book of


FOR a dozen years or more, the task of rebuilding the temple has been half completed.
Zechariah is commissioned by God to encourage the people in their
unfinished responsibility. Rather than exhorting them to action with strong words
of rebuke, Zechariah seeks to encourage them to action by reminding them of the
future importance of the temple. The temple must be built, for one day the Messiah’s
glory will inhabit it. But future blessing is contingent upon present
obedience. The people are not merely building a building; they are building the future.
With that as their motivation, they can enter into the building project with
wholehearted zeal, for their Messiah is coming.
Zekar-yah means “Yahweh Remembers” or “Yahweh Has Remembered.” This
theme dominates the whole book: Israel will be blessed because Yahweh remembers
the covenant He made with the fathers. The Greek and Latin version of his
name is Zacharias.

A Call to Repentance


1 IN the eighth month aof the second year of Darius, the word of the LORD came bto Zechariah the son of Berechiah, the son of cIddo the prophet, saying,
2 “The LORD has been very angry with your fathers.
3 “Therefore say to them, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts: “Return ato Me,” says the LORD of hosts, “and I will return to you,” says the LORD of hosts.
4 “Do not be like your fathers, ato whom the former prophets preached, saying, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts: b“Turn now from your evil ways and your evil deeds.”’ But they did not hear nor heed Me,” says the LORD.

5 “Your fathers, where are they? And the prophets, do they live forever?
6 Yet surely aMy words and My statutes, Which I commanded My servants the prophets, Did they not overtake your fathers?

“So they returned and said:

b‘Just as the LORD of hosts determined to do to us, According to our ways and according to our deeds, So He has dealt with us.’ ” ’ ”

Vision of the Horses

7 On the twenty-fourth day of the eleventh month, which is the month Shebat, in the second year of Darius, the word of the LORD came to Zechariah the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo the prophet:
8 I saw by night, and behold, aa man riding on a red horse, and it stood among the myrtle trees in the

CHAPTER 1 References

1 aZech. 7:1
bMatt. 23:35
cNeh. 12:4, 16
3 a[Mal.
3:7–10] 4 a2 Chr.
36:15, 16 bIs.
6 a[Is. 55:11] bLam. 1:18;
8 a[Rev. 6:4] b[Zech. 6:2–7] 9 aZech. 4:4, 5,
13; 6:4
10 a[Heb. 1:14] 11 a[Ps.
103:20, 21] 1Lit. sitting
and quiet
12 aPs. 74:10
bJer. 25:11, 12;
13 aJer. 29:10
14 aZech. 8:2
1Lit. Cry out
2Or jealous
3Or jealousy
15 aIs. 47:6
16 a[Zech.
2:10; 8:3] bEzra 6:14, 15
cIs. 44:28
dZech. 2:1–3

hollow; and behind him were bhorses: red, sorrel, and white.
9 Then I said, a“My lord, what are these?” So the angel who talked with me said to me, “I will show you what they are.”
10 And the man who stood among the myrtle trees answered and said, a“These are the ones whom the LORD has sent to walk to and fro throughout the earth.”
11 aSo they answered the Angel of the LORD, who stood among the myrtle trees, and said, “We have walked to and fro throughout the earth, and behold, all the earth is 1resting quietly.”

The LORD Will Comfort Zion

12 Then the Angel of the LORD answered and said, “O LORD of hosts, ahow long will You not have mercy on Jerusalem and on the cities of Judah, against which You were angry bthese seventy years?”
13 And the LORD answered the angel who talked to me, with agood and comforting words.
14 So the angel who spoke with me said to me, 1Proclaim, saying, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts:

“I am azealous2 for Jerusalem And for Zion with great 3zeal.
15 I am exceedingly angry with the nations at ease; For aI was a little angry, And they helped—but with evil intent.”

16 ‘Therefore thus says the LORD:

a“I am returning to Jerusalem with mercy; My bhouse cshall be built in it,” says the LORD of hosts, “And da surveyor’s line shall be stretched out over Jerusalem.” ’

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17 “Again proclaim, saying, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts:

“My cities shall again 1spread out through prosperity; aThe LORD will again comfort Zion, And bwill again choose Jerusalem.” ’ ”
Vision of the Horns

18 Then I raised my eyes and looked, and there were four ahorns.
19 And I said to the angel who talked with me, “What are these?” So he answered me, a“These are the 1horns that have scattered Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem.”
20 Then the LORD showed me four craftsmen.
21 And I said, “What are these coming to do?” So he said, “These are the ahorns that scattered Judah, so that no one could lift up his head; but 1the craftsmen are coming to terrify them, to cast out the horns of the nations that blifted up their horn against the land of Judah to scatter it.”

Vision of the Measuring Line


1 Then I raised my eyes and looked, and behold, aa man with a measuring line in his hand.
2 So I said, “Where are you going?” And he said to me, a“To measure Jerusalem, to see what is its width and what is its length.”
3 And there was the angel who talked with me, going out; and another angel was coming out to meet him,
4 who said to him, “Run, speak to this young man, saying: a‘Jerusalem shall be inhabited as towns without walls, because of the multitude of men and livestock in it.
5 ‘For I,’ says the LORD, ‘will be aa wall of fire all around her, band I will be the glory in her midst.’ ”

Future Joy of Zion and Many Nations

6 “Up, up! Flee afrom the land of the north,” says the LORD; “for I have bspread you abroad like the four winds of heaven,” says the LORD.
7 “Up, Zion! aEscape, you who dwell with the daughter of Babylon.”
8 For thus says the LORD of hosts: “He sent Me after glory, to the nations which plunder you; for he who atouches you touches the 1apple of His eye.
9 “For surely I will ashake My hand against them, and they shall become 1spoil for their servants. Then byou will know that the LORD of hosts has sent Me.
10 a“Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion! For behold, I am coming and

17 a[Is. 40:1, 2;
51:3] bZech.
2:12 1Or overflow
18 a[Lam.
2:17] 19 aEzra 4:1, 4,
7 1Kingdoms
or powers
21 a[Ps. 75:10] bPs. 75:4, 5
1Lit. these

CHAPTER 2 References

1 aJer. 31:39
2 aRev. 11:1
4 aJer. 31:27
5 a[Is. 26:1] b[Is. 60:19] 6 aIs. 48:20
bDeut. 28:64
7 aIs. 48:20
8 aDeut. 32:10
1Lit. pupil
9 aIs. 19:16
bZech. 4:9
1booty or
10 aIs. 12:6
b[Lev. 26:12] 11 a[Is. 2:2, 3] bZech. 3:10
cEx. 12:49
dEzek. 33:33
12 a[Deut.
32:9] 13 aHab. 2:20
bPs. 68:5

CHAPTER 3 References

1 aHag. 1:1
bPs. 109:6
1Lit. the
2 a[Jude 9] b[Rom. 8:33] cAmos 4:11
3 aIs. 64:6
4 aIs. 61:10
5 aEx. 29:6
7 aLev. 8:35
bDeut. 17:9, 12
cZech. 3:4
8 aPs. 71:7 bIs.
42:1 cIs. 11:1;
53:2; Jer. 23:5
1Lit. men of a
sign or wonder
9 a[Zech. 4:10] bPs. 118:22
cJer. 31:34;
10 aZech. 2:11

I bwill dwell in your midst,” says the LORD.
11 a“Many nations shall be joined to the LORD bin that day, and they shall become cMy people. And I will dwell in your midst. Then dyou will know that the LORD of hosts has sent Me to you.
12 “And the LORD will atake possession of Judah as His inheritance in the Holy Land, and will again choose Jerusalem.
13 a“Be silent, all flesh, before the LORD, for He is aroused bfrom His holy habitation!”

Vision of the High Priest


1 Then he showed me aJoshua the high priest standing before the Angel of the LORD, and bSatan1 standing at his right hand to oppose him.
2 And the LORD said to Satan, a“The LORD rebuke you, Satan! The LORD who bhas chosen Jerusalem rebuke you! cIs this not a brand plucked from the fire?”
3 Now Joshua was clothed with afilthy garments, and was standing before the Angel.
4 Then He answered and spoke to those who stood before Him, saying, “Take away the filthy garments from him.” And to him He said, “See, I have removed your iniquity from you, aand I will clothe you with rich robes.”
5 And I said, “Let them put a clean aturban on his head.” So they put a clean turban on his head, and they put the clothes on him. And the Angel of the LORD stood by.

The Coming Branch

6 Then the Angel of the LORD admonished Joshua, saying,
7 “Thus says the LORD of hosts: ‘If you will walk in My ways, And if you will akeep My command, Then you shall also bjudge My house, And likewise have charge of My courts; I will give you places to walk Among these who cstand here.
8 ‘Hear, O Joshua, the high priest, You and your companions who sit before you, For they are aa1 wondrous sign; For behold, I am bringing forth bMy Servant the cBRANCH.
9 For behold, the stone That I have laid before Joshua: aUpon the stone are bseven eyes. Behold, I will engrave its inscription,’ Says the LORD of hosts, ‘And cI will remove the iniquity of that land in one day.
10 aIn that day,’ says the LORD of hosts,

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‘Everyone will invite his neighbor bUnder his vine and under his fig tree.’ ”

Vision of the Lampstand and Olive Trees


1 Now athe angel who talked with me came back and wakened me, bas a man who is wakened out of his sleep.
2 And he said to me, “What do you see?” So I said, “I am looking, and there is aa lampstand of solid gold with a bowl on top of it, band on the stand seven lamps with seven pipes to the seven lamps.
3 a“Two olive trees are by it, one at the right of the bowl and the other at its left.”
4 So I answered and spoke to the angel who talked with me, saying, “What are these, my lord?”
5 Then the angel who talked with me answered and said to me, “Do you not know what these are?” And I said, “No, my lord.”
6 So he answered and said to me:

“This is the word of the LORD to aZerubbabel: b‘Not by might nor by power, but by My Spirit,’ Says the LORD of hosts.
7 ‘Who are you, aO great mountain? Before Zerubbabel you shall become a plain! And he shall bring forth bthe capstone cWith shouts of “Grace, grace to it!” ’ ”

8 Moreover the word of the LORD came to me, saying:

9 “The hands of Zerubbabel aHave laid the foundation of this 1temple; His hands bshall also finish it. Then cyou will know That the dLORD of hosts has sent Me to you.
10 For who has despised the day of asmall things? For these seven rejoice to see The 1plumb line in the hand of Zerubbabel. bThey are the eyes of the LORD, Which scan to and fro throughout the whole earth.”

11 Then I answered and said to him, “What are these atwo olive trees—at the right of the lampstand and at its left?”
12 And I further answered and said to him, “What are these two olive branches that drip 1into the receptacles of the two gold pipes from which the golden oil drains?”
13 Then he answered me and said,

10 bIs. 36:16

CHAPTER 4 References

1 aZech. 1:9;
2:3 bDan. 8:18
2 aRev. 1:12
b[Rev. 4:5] 3 aRev. 11:3, 4
6 aHag. 1:1
bHos. 1:7
7 aJer. 51:25
bPs. 118:22
cEzra 3:10, 11,
9 aEzra
3:8–10; 5:16
bEzra 6:14, 15
cZech. 2:9, 11;
6:15 d[Is.
43:16] 1Lit.
10 aHag. 2:3
b2 Chr. 16:9
1Lit. plummet
11 aZech. 4:3
12 1Lit. into
the hands of
14 aRev. 11:4
bZech. 3:1–7
1Lit. sons of
fresh oil

“Do you not know what these are?” And I said, “No, my lord.”
14 So he said, a“These are the two 1anointed ones, bwho stand beside the Lord of the whole earth.”

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Urgent Prayer for the Restored Favor of God

To the Chief Musician. aSet to 1“Lily of the Testimony.” A Michtam of David. For teaching. bWhen he fought against Mesopotamia and Syria of Zobah, and Joab returned and killed twelve thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt.

1 O GOD, cYou have cast us off; You have broken us down; You have been displeased; Oh, restore us again!
2 You have made the earth tremble; You have broken it; aHeal its breaches, for it is shaking.
3 aYou have shown Your people hard things; bYou have made us drink the wine of 1confusion.

4 aYou have given a banner to those who fear You, That it may be displayed because of the truth. Selah
5 aThat Your beloved may be delivered, Save with Your right hand, and hear me.

PSALM 60 References

title aPs. 80
b2 Sam. 8:3,
13; 1 Chr. 18:3
1 aPs. 44:9
2 a[2 Chr.
7:14]; Is. 30:26
3 aPs. 71:20
bIs. 51:17, 22;
Jer. 25:15
4 aPs. 20:5; Is.
5:26; 11:12;
5 aPs. 108:6–13
6 aPs. 89:35
bJosh. 1:6
cGen. 12:6
dJosh. 13:27
7 aDeut. 33:17
b[Gen. 49:10] 1Lit. protection
8 a2 Sam. 8:2
b2 Sam. 8:14;
Ps. 108:9
c2 Sam. 8:1
10 aPs. 108:11
bJosh. 7:12
11 aPs. 118:8;
12 aNum. 24:18

6 God has aspoken in His holiness: “I will rejoice; I will bdivide cShechem And measure out dthe Valley of Succoth.
7 Gilead is Mine, and Manasseh is Mine; aEphraim also is the 1helmet for My head; bJudah is My lawgiver.
8 aMoab is My washpot; bOver Edom I will cast My shoe; cPhilistia, shout in triumph because of Me.”

9 Who will bring me to the strong city? Who will lead me to Edom?
10 Is it not You, O God, awho cast us off? And You, O God, who did bnot go out with our armies?
11 Give us help from trouble, aFor the help of man is useless.
12 Through God awe will do valiantly, For it is He who shall tread down our enemies.




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