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The Story So Far

(Category 13 of 16)

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CHAPTER 13 References

1 a1 Kin. 15:1
b1 Kin. 12:17
2 1Maachah,
1 Kin. 15:2;
2 Chr. 11:20,
4 aJosh. 18:22
5 a2 Sam.
7:8–16 bLev.
2:13; Num.
6 a1 Kin.
11:28; 12:20

Abijah Reigns in Judah


1 In athe eighteenth year of King Jeroboam, Abijah became king over bJudah.
2 He reigned three years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was 1Michaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. And there was war between Abijah and Jeroboam.
3 Abijah set the battle in order with an army of valiant warriors, four hundred thousand choice men. Jeroboam also drew up in battle formation against him with eight hundred thousand choice men, mighty men of valor.
4 Then Abijah stood on Mount aZemaraim, which is in the mountains of Ephraim, and said, “Hear me, Jeroboam and all Israel:
5 “Should you not know that the LORD God of Israel agave the dominion over Israel to David forever, to him and his sons, bby a covenant of salt?
6 “Yet Jeroboam the son of Nebat, the servant of Solomon the son of David, rose up and arebelled against his lord.

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7 “Then aworthless rogues gathered to him, and strengthened themselves against Rehoboam the son of Solomon, when Rehoboam was byoung and inexperienced and could not withstand them.
8 “And now you think to withstand the kingdom of the LORD, which is in the hand of the sons of David; and you are a great multitude, and with you are the gold calves which Jeroboam amade for you as gods.
9 a“Have you not cast out the priests of the LORD, the sons of Aaron, and the Levites, and made for yourselves priests, like the peoples of other lands, bso that whoever comes to consecrate himself with a young bull and seven rams may be a priest of cthings that are not gods?
10 “But as for us, the LORD is our aGod, and we have not forsaken Him; and the priests who minister to the LORD are the sons of Aaron, and the Levites attend to their duties.
11 a“And they burn to the LORD every morning and every evening burnt sacrifices and sweet incense; they also set the bshowbread in order on the pure gold table, and the lampstand of gold with its lamps cto burn every evening; for we keep the command of the LORD our God, but you have forsaken Him.
12 “Now look, God Himself is with us as our ahead, band His priests with sounding trumpets to sound the alarm against you. O children of Israel, do not fight against the LORD God of your fathers, for you shall not prosper!”
13 But Jeroboam caused an ambush to go around behind them; so they were in front of Judah, and the ambush was behind them.
14 And when Judah looked around, to their surprise the battle line was at both front and rear; and they acried out to the LORD, and the priests sounded the trumpets.
15 Then the men of Judah gave a shout; and as the men of Judah shouted, it happened that God astruck Jeroboam and all Israel before Abijah and Judah.
16 And the children of Israel fled before Judah, and God delivered them into their hand.
17 Then Abijah and his people struck them with a great slaughter; so five hundred thousand choice men of Israel fell slain.
18 Thus the children of Israel were subdued at that time; and the children of Judah prevailed, abecause they relied on the LORD God of their fathers.
19 And Abijah pursued Jeroboam and took cities from him: Bethel with its villages, Jeshanah with its villages, and aEphrain1 with its villages.

7 aJudg. 9:4
b2 Chr. 12:13
8 a1 Kin.
12:28; 14:9;
2 Chr. 11:15;
[Hos. 8:4–6] 9 a2 Chr.
11:13–15 bEx.
29:29–33 cJer.
2:11; 5:7
10 aJosh. 24:15
11 aEx. 29:38;
2 Chr. 2:4 bEx.
25:30; Lev.
24:5–9 cEx.
27:20, 21; Lev.
24:2, 3
12 aJosh.
5:13–15; [Heb.
2:10] b[Num.
10:8–10] 14 aJosh. 24:7;
2 Chr. 6:34,
35; 14:11
15 a1 Kin.
14:14; 2 Chr.
18 a1 Chr. 5:20;
2 Chr. 14:11;
[Ps. 22:5] 19 aJosh. 15:9
1Or Ephron
20 a1 Sam. 2:6;
25:38; Acts
12:23 b1 Kin.
22 a2 Chr. 9:29
1Or commentary,

CHAPTER 14 References

1 a1 Kin. 15:8
3 a1 Kin.
15:14; 2 Chr.
15:17 b[Ex.
34:13] c1 Kin.
11:7 1Places
for pagan
4 a[2 Chr. 7:14] 5 1Places for
pagan worship
6 a2 Chr. 15:15
8 a1 Chr. 12:2
b2 Chr. 13:3
1large shields
9 a2 Chr. 12:2,
3; 16:8 bJosh.
11 aEx. 14:10;
2 Chr. 13:14;
[Ps. 22:5] b[1 Sam. 14:6] c1 Sam. 17:45;
[Prov. 18:10] 12 a2 Chr.


20 So Jeroboam did not recover strength again in the days of Abijah; and the LORD astruck him, and bhe died.
21 But Abijah grew mighty, married fourteen wives, and begot twenty-two sons and sixteen daughters.
22 Now the rest of the acts of Abijah, his ways, and his sayings are written in athe 1annals of the prophet Iddo.


1 So Abijah rested with his fathers, and they buried him in the City of David. Then aAsa his son reigned in his place. In his days the land was quiet for ten years.

Asa Reigns in Judah

2 Asa did what was good and right in the eyes of the LORD his God,
3 for he removed the altars of the foreign gods and athe 1high places, and bbroke down the sacred pillars cand cut down the wooden images.
4 He commanded Judah to aseek the LORD God of their fathers, and to observe the law and the commandment.
5 He also removed the 1high places and the incense altars from all the cities of Judah, and the kingdom was quiet under him.
6 And he built fortified cities in Judah, for the land had rest; he had no war in those years, because the LORD had given him arest.
7 Therefore he said to Judah, “Let us build these cities and make walls around them, and towers, gates, and bars, while the land is yet before us, because we have sought the LORD our God; we have sought Him, and He has given us rest on every side.” So they built and prospered.
8 And Asa had an army of three hundred thousand from Judah who carried 1shields and spears, and from Benjamin two hundred and eighty thousand men who carried shields and drew abows; all these were mighty men of bvalor.
9 aThen Zerah the Ethiopian came out against them with an army of a million men and three hundred chariots, and he came to bMareshah.
10 So Asa went out against him, and they set the troops in battle array in the Valley of Zephathah at Mareshah.
11 And Asa acried out to the LORD his God, and said, “LORD, it is bnothing for You to help, whether with many or with those who have no power; help us, O LORD our God, for we rest on You, and cin Your name we go against this multitude. O LORD, You are our God; do not let man prevail against You!”
12 So the LORD astruck the Ethiopians before Asa and Judah, and the Ethiopians fled.
13 And Asa and the people who

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were with him pursued them to aGerar. So the Ethiopians were overthrown, and they could not recover, for they were broken before the LORD and His army. And they carried away very much 1spoil.
14 Then they defeated all the cities around Gerar, for athe fear of the LORD came upon them; and they plundered all the cities, for there was exceedingly much 1spoil in them.
15 They also 1attacked the livestock enclosures, and carried off sheep and camels in abundance, and returned to Jerusalem.

The Reforms of Asa


1 Now athe Spirit of God came upon Azariah the son of Oded.
2 And he went out 1to meet Asa, and said to him: “Hear me, Asa, and all Judah and Benjamin. aThe LORD is with you while you are with Him. bIf you seek Him, He will be found by you; but cif you forsake Him, He will forsake you.
3 a“For a long time Israel has been without the true God, without a bteaching priest, and without claw;
4 “but awhen in their trouble they turned to the LORD God of Israel, and sought Him, He was found by them.
5 “And in those times there was no peace to the one who went out, nor to the one who came in, but great turmoil was on all the inhabitants of the lands.
6 a“So nation was 1destroyed by nation, and city by city, for God troubled them with every adversity.
7 “But you, be strong and do not let your hands be weak, for your work shall be rewarded!”
8 And when Asa heard these words and the prophecy of 1Oded the prophet, he took courage, and removed the abominable idols from all the land of Judah and Benjamin and from the cities awhich he had taken in the mountains of Ephraim; and he restored the altar of the LORD that was before the vestibule of the LORD.
9 Then he gathered all Judah and Benjamin, and athose who dwelt with them from Ephraim, Manasseh, and Simeon, for they came over to him in great numbers from Israel when they saw that the LORD his God was with him.
10 So they gathered together at Jerusalem in the third month, in the fifteenth year of the reign of Asa.
11 aAnd they offered to the LORD 1at that time seven hundred bulls and seven thousand sheep from the 2spoil they had brought.
12 Then they aentered into a covenant to seek the LORD God of their fathers with all their heart and with all their soul;
13 aand whoever would not seek the LORD God of Israel bwas to be put

13 aGen. 10:19;
20:1 1plunder
14 aGen. 35:5;
Deut. 11:25;
Josh. 2:9;
2 Chr. 17:10
15 1Lit. struck

CHAPTER 15 References

1 aNum. 24:2;
Judg. 3:10;
2 Chr. 20:14;
2 a[James 4:8] b[1 Chr. 28:9];
2 Chr. 14:4;
33:12, 13; [Jer.
29:13; Matt.
7:7] c2 Chr.
24:20 1Lit.
3 aHos. 3:4
b2 Kin. 12:2
cLev. 10:11;
2 Chr. 17:8, 9
4 a[Deut. 4:29] 6 aMatt. 24:7
1Lit. beaten in
8 a2 Chr. 13:19
1So with MT,
LXX; Syr.,Vg.
Azariah the
son of Oded
(cf. v. 1)
9 a2 Chr. 11:16
11 a2 Chr.
14:13–15 1Lit.
in that day
12 a2 Kin. 23:3;
2 Chr. 23:16;
34:31; Neh.
13 aEx. 22:20
bDeut. 13:5–15
15 a2 Chr. 15:2
b2 Chr. 14:7
16 a1 Kin. 15:2,
10, 13 1Or
2A Canaanite
17 a1 Kin.
15:14; 2 Chr.
14:3, 5 1Places
for pagan

CHAPTER 16 References

1 a1 Kin.
b2 Chr. 15:9
7 a1 Kin. 16:1;
2 Chr. 19:2
b2 Chr.
32:8–10; Ps.
118:9; [Is.
31:1; Jer. 17:5] 8 a2 Chr. 14:9
b2 Chr. 12:3

to death, whether small or great, whether man or woman.
14 Then they took an oath before the LORD with a loud voice, with shouting and trumpets and rams’ horns.
15 And all Judah rejoiced at the oath, for they had sworn with all their heart and asought Him with all their soul; and He was found by them, and the LORD gave them brest all around.
16 Also he removed aMaachah, the 1mother of Asa the king, from being queen mother, because she had made an obscene image of 2Asherah; and Asa cut down her obscene image, then crushed and burned it by the Brook Kidron.
17 But athe 1high places were not removed from Israel. Nevertheless the heart of Asa was loyal all his days.
18 He also brought into the house of God the things that his father had dedicated and that he himself had dedicated: silver and gold and utensils.
19 And there was no war until the thirty-fifth year of the reign of Asa.

Asa’s Treaty with Syria


1 In the thirty-sixth year of the reign of Asa, aBaasha king of Israel came up against Judah and built Ramah, bthat he might let none go out or come in to Asa king of Judah.
2 Then Asa brought silver and gold from the treasuries of the house of the LORD and of the king’s house, and sent to Ben-Hadad king of Syria, who dwelt in Damascus, saying,
3 “Let there be a treaty between you and me, as there was between my father and your father. See, I have sent you silver and gold; come, break your treaty with Baasha king of Israel, so that he will withdraw from me.”
4 So Ben-Hadad heeded King Asa, and sent the captains of his armies against the cities of Israel. They attacked Ijon, Dan, Abel Maim, and all the storage cities of Naphtali.
5 Now it happened, when Baasha heard it, that he stopped building Ramah and ceased his work.
6 Then King Asa took all Judah, and they carried away the stones and timber of Ramah,which Baasha had used for building; and with them he built Geba and Mizpah.

Hanani’s Message to Asa

7 And at that time aHanani the seer came to Asa king of Judah, and said to him: b“Because you have relied on the king of Syria, and have not relied on the LORD your God, therefore the army of the king of Syria has escaped from your hand.
8 “Were athe Ethiopians and bthe Lubim not a huge army with very

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many chariots and horsemen? Yet, because you relied on the LORD, He delivered them into your chand.
9 a“For the eyes of the LORD run to and fro throughout the whole earth, to show Himself strong on behalf of those whose heart is loyal to Him. In this byou have done foolishly; therefore from now on cyou shall have wars.”
10 Then Asa was angry with the seer, and aput him in prison, for he was enraged at him because of this. And Asa oppressed some of the people at that time.

Illness and Death of Asa

11 aNote that the acts of Asa, first and last, are indeed written in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel.
12 And in the thirty-ninth year of his reign, Asa became diseased in his feet, and his malady was severe; yet in his disease he adid not seek the LORD, but the physicians.
13 aSo Asa 1rested with his fathers; he died in the forty-first year of his reign.
14 They buried him in his own tomb, which he had 1made for himself in the City of David; and they laid him in the bed which was filled awith spices and various ingredients prepared in a mixture of ointments. They made ba very great burning for him.

Jehoshaphat Reigns in Judah


1 Then aJehoshaphat his son reigned in his place, and strengthened himself against Israel.
2 And he placed troops in all the fortified cities of Judah, and set garrisons in the land of aJudah and in the cities of Ephraim bwhich Asa his father had taken.
3 Now the LORD was with Jehoshaphat, because he walked in the former ways of his father David; he did not seek the Baals,
4 but sought 1the God of his father, and walked in His commandments and not according to athe acts of Israel.
5 Therefore the LORD established the kingdom in his hand; and all Judah agave presents to Jehoshaphat, band he had riches and honor in abundance.
6 And his heart took delight in the ways of the LORD; moreover ahe removed the 1high places and wooden images from Judah.
7 Also in the third year of his reign he sent his leaders, Ben-Hail, Obadiah, Zechariah, Nethanel, and Michaiah, ato teach in the cities of Judah.
8 And with them he sent Levites: Shemaiah, Nethaniah, Zebadiah, Asahel, Shemiramoth, Jehonathan, Adonijah, Tobijah, and Tobadonijah-

8 c2 Chr.
13:16, 18
9 aJob 34:21;
[Prov. 5:21;
15:3; Jer.
16:17; 32:19];
Zech. 4:10
b1 Sam. 13:13
c1 Kin. 15:32
10 a2 Chr.
18:26; Jer.
20:2; Matt.
11 a1 Kin.
15:23, 24;
2 Chr. 14:2
12 a[Jer. 17:5] 13 a1 Kin.
15:24 1Died
and joined his
14 aGen. 50:2;
Mark 16:1;
John 19:39, 40
b2 Chr. 21:19;
Jer. 34:5 1Lit.

CHAPTER 17 References

1 a1 Kin.
15:24; 2 Chr.
2 a2 Chr. 11:5
b2 Chr. 15:8
4 a1 Kin. 12:28
1LXX the
5 a1 Sam.
10:27; 1 Kin.
10:25 b2 Chr.
6 a1 Kin.
22:43; 2 Chr.
15:17; 19:3;
20:33 1Places
for pagan
7 a2 Chr. 15:3;
9 aDeut. 6:4–9;
2 Chr. 35:3;
Neh. 8:3, 7
10 aGen. 35:5;
2 Chr. 14:14
11 a2 Sam. 8:2;
2 Chr. 9:14;
16 aJudg. 5:2,
9; 1 Chr. 29:9
19 a2 Chr. 17:2

Tobadonijah— the Levites; and with them Elishama and Jehoram, the priests.
9 aSo they taught in Judah, and had the Book of the Law of the LORD with them; they went throughout all the cities of Judah and taught the people.
10 And athe fear of the LORD fell on all the kingdoms of the lands that were around Judah, so that they did not make war against Jehoshaphat.
11 Also some of the Philistines abrought Jehoshaphat presents and silver as tribute; and the Arabians brought him flocks, seven thousand seven hundred rams and seven thousand seven hundred male goats.
12 So Jehoshaphat became increasingly powerful, and he built fortresses and storage cities in Judah.
13 He had much property in the cities of Judah; and the men of war, mighty men of valor, were in Jerusalem.
14 These are their numbers, according to their fathers’ houses. Of Judah, the captains of thousands: Adnah the captain, and with him three hundred thousand mighty men of valor;
15 and next to him was Jehohanan the captain, and with him two hundred and eighty thousand;
16 and next to him was Amasiah the son of Zichri, awho willingly offered himself to the LORD, and with him two hundred thousand mighty men of valor.
17 Of Benjamin: Eliada a mighty man of valor, and with him two hundred thousand men armed with bow and shield;
18 and next to him was Jehozabad, and with him one hundred and eighty thousand prepared for war.
19 These served the king, besides athose the king put in the fortified cities throughout all Judah.

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A Plea for Relief from Oppressors

A 1Contemplation of Asaph.

1 O GOD, why have You cast us off forever? Why does Your anger smoke against the sheep of Your pasture?
2 Remember Your congregation, which You have purchased of old, The tribe of Your inheritance, which You have redeemed— This Mount Zion where You have dwelt.
3 Lift up Your feet to the perpetual desolations. The enemy has damaged everything in the sanctuary.
4 aYour enemies roar in the midst of Your meeting place; bThey set up their banners for signs.
5 They seem like men who lift up Axes among the thick trees.
6 And now they break down its carved work, all at once, With axes and hammers.
7 They have set fire to Your sanctuary; They have defiled the dwelling place of Your name to the ground.
8 aThey said in their hearts, “Let us 1destroy them altogether.” They have burned up all the meeting places of God in the land.

9 We do not see our signs; aThere is no longer any prophet; Nor is there any among us who knows how long.
10 O God, how long will the adversary 1reproach? Will the enemy blaspheme Your name forever?

PSALM 74 References

title 1Heb.
4 aLam. 2:7
bNum. 2:2
8 aPs. 83:4
9 a1 Sam. 3:1;
Lam. 2:9;
Ezek. 7:26;
Amos 8:11
10 1revile
11 aLam. 2:3
12 aPs. 44:4
13 aEx. 14:21
1sea monsters
14 1A large
sea creature
of unknown
15 aEx. 17:5, 6;
Num. 20:11;
Ps. 105:41; Is.
48:21 bEx.
14:21, 22;
Josh. 2:10;
16 aJob 38:12
bGen. 1:14–18
17 aDeut. 32:8;
Acts 17:26
bGen. 8:22
20 aGen. 17:7,
8; Lev. 26:44,
45 1hiding
places 2homes
22 1reviles or

11 aWhy do You withdraw Your hand, even Your right hand? Take it out of Your bosom and destroy them.
12 For aGod is my King from of old, Working salvation in the midst of the earth.
13 aYou divided the sea by Your strength; You broke the heads of the 1sea serpents in the waters.
14 You broke the heads of 1Leviathan in pieces, And gave him as food to the people inhabiting the wilderness.
15 aYou broke open the fountain and the flood; bYou dried up mighty rivers.
16 The day is Yours, the night also is aYours; bYou have prepared the light and the sun.
17 You have aset all the borders of the earth; bYou have made summer and winter.

18 Remember this, that the enemy has reproached, O LORD, And that a foolish people has blasphemed Your name.
19 Oh, do not deliver the life of Your turtledove to the wild beast! Do not forget the life of Your poor forever.
20 aHave respect to the covenant; For the 1dark places of the earth are full of the 2haunts of 3cruelty.
21 Oh, do not let the oppressed return ashamed! Let the poor and needy praise Your name.
22 Arise, O God, plead Your own cause; Remember how the foolish man 1reproaches You daily.
23 Do not forget the voice of Your enemies; The tumult of those who rise up against You increases continually




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