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Jesus & the Kingdom

(Category 14 of 16)

Part three explores the central part of Luke’s Gospel. Jesus continues his controversial announcement of good news for the poor during his long road-trip to Jerusalem, which increases conflict with Israel’s religious leaders. This tension provides the setting for the famous parable of the Prodigal Son.

Explore Luke 9-19

LUKE 9-19: (GOS)


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Many Women Minister to Jesus


1 Now it came to pass, afterward, that He went through every city

CHAPTER 8 References

1 1proclaiming
the good
2 aMatt. 27:55;
Mark 15:40,
41; Luke
23:49, 55
bMatt. 27:56;
Mark 16:9
3 1NU, M
them 2possessions
4 aMatt.
13:2–9; Mark
8 aMatt. 11:15;
Mark 7:16;
Luke 14:35;
Rev. 2:7, 11,
17, 29; 3:6, 13,
22; 13:9 1Lit.
9 aMatt.
Mark 4:10–20
10 aIs. 6:9;
Matt. 13:14;
Acts 28:26
1secret or hidden
11 aMatt.
13:18; Mark
4:14; [1 Pet.
1:23] bLuke
5:1; 11:28
13 1testing
14 aMatt.
19:23; 1 Tim.
6:9, 10
15 a[Rom. 2:7;
Heb. 10:36–39;
James 5:7, 8] 1endurance

LUKE 8:15

and village, preaching and 1bringing the glad tidings of the kingdom of God. And the twelve were with Him,
2 and acertain women who had been healed of evil spirits and 1infirmities— Mary called Magdalene, bout of whom had come seven demons,
3 and Joanna the wife of Chuza, Herod’s steward, and Susanna, and many others who provided for 1Him from their 2substance.

The Parable of the Sower

4 aAnd when a great multitude had gathered, and they had come to Him from every city, He spoke by a parable:
5 “A sower went out to sow his seed. And as he sowed, some fell by the wayside; and it was trampled down, and the birds of the air devoured it.
6 “Some fell on rock; and as soon as it sprang up, it withered away because it lacked moisture.
7 “And some fell among thorns, and the thorns sprang up with it and choked it.
8 “But others fell on good ground, sprang up, and yielded 1a crop a hundredfold.” When He had said these things He cried, a“He who has ears to hear, let him hear!”

The Purpose of Parables

9 aThen His disciples asked Him, saying, “What does this parable mean?”
10 And He said, “To you it has been given to know the 1mysteries of the kingdom of God, but to the rest it is given in parables, that

a‘Seeing they may not see, And hearing they may not understand.’

The Parable of the Sower Explained

11 a“Now the parable is this: The seed is the bword of God.
12 “Those by the wayside are the ones who hear; then the devil comes and takes away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved.
13 “But the ones on the rock are those who, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, who believe for a while and in time of 1temptation fall away.
14 “Now the ones that fell among thorns are those who, when they have heard, go out and are choked with cares, ariches, and pleasures of life, and bring no fruit to maturity.
15 “But the ones that fell on the good ground are those who, having heard the word with a noble and good heart, keep it and bear fruit with apatience.1

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LUKE 8:16

The Parable of the Revealed Light

16 a“No one, when he has lit a lamp, covers it with a vessel or puts it under a bed, but sets it on a lampstand, that those who enter may see the blight.
17 a“For nothing is secret that will not be brevealed, nor anything hidden that will not be known and come to light.
18 “Therefore take heed how you hear. aFor whoever has, to him more will be given; and whoever does not have, even what he 1seems to bhave will be taken from him.”

Jesus’ Mother and Brothers Come to Him

19 aThen His mother and brothers came to Him, and could not approach Him because of the crowd.
20 And it was told Him by some, who said, “Your mother and Your brothers are standing outside, desiring to see You.”
21 But He answered and said to them, “My mother and My brothers are these who hear the word of God and do it.”

Wind and Wave Obey Jesus

22 aNow it happened, on a certain day, that He got into a boat with His disciples. And He said to them, “Let us cross over to the other side of the lake.” And they launched out.
23 But as they sailed He fell asleep. And a windstorm came down on the lake, and they were filling with water, and were in 1jeopardy.
24 And they came to Him and awoke Him, saying, “Master, Master, we are perishing!” Then He arose and rebuked the wind and the raging of the water. And they ceased, and there was a calm.
25 But He said to them, a“Where is your faith?” And they were afraid, and marveled, saying to one another, b“Who can this be? For He commands even the winds and water, and they obey Him!”

A Demon-Possessed Man Healed

26 aThen they sailed to the country of the 1Gadarenes, which is opposite Galilee.
27 And when He stepped out on the land, there met Him a certain man from the city who had demons 1for a long time. And he wore no clothes, nor did he live in a house but in the tombs.
28 When he saw Jesus, he acried out, fell down before Him, and with a loud voice said, b“What have I to do with cYou, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I beg You, do not torment me!”
29 For He had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For it had often seized him, and he

16 aMatt. 5:15;
Mark 4:21;
Luke 11:33
bMatt. 5:14
17 aMatt.
10:26; Luke
12:2; [1 Cor.
4:5] b[Eccl.
12:14; 2 Cor.
5:10] 18 aMatt. 25:29
bMatt. 13:12
1thinks that
he has
19 aPs. 69:8;
Mark 3:31–35
22 aMatt.
8:23–27; Mark
23 1danger
25 aLuke 9:41
bLuke 4:36;
26 aMatt.
8:28–34; Mark
5:1–17 1NU
27 1NU and for
a long time
wore no
28 aMark 1:26;
9:26 bMark
1:23, 24 cLuke
31 aRom. 10:7;
[Rev. 20:1, 3] 32 aLev. 11:7;
Deut. 14:8
35 a[Matt.
11:28] bMatt.
28:9; Mark
7:25; Luke
10:39; 17:16;
John 11:32
c[2 Tim. 1:7] 36 1delivered
37 aMatt. 8:34
bMark 1:24;
Luke 4:34
cJob 21:14;
Acts 16:39
dLuke 5:26
38 aMark
41 aMatt.
9:18–26; Mark
42 aLuke 7:2
43 aMatt. 9:20
44 aMark 6:56;
Luke 5:13

was kept under guard, bound with chains and shackles; and he broke the bonds and was driven by the demon into the wilderness.
30 Jesus asked him, saying, “What is your name?” And he said, “Legion,” because many demons had entered him.
31 And they begged Him that He would not command them to go out ainto the abyss.
32 Now a herd of many aswine was feeding there on the mountain. So they begged Him that He would permit them to enter them. And He permitted them.
33 Then the demons went out of the man and entered the swine, and the herd ran violently down the steep place into the lake and drowned.
34 When those who fed them saw what had happened, they fled and told it in the city and in the country.
35 Then they went out to see what had happened, and came to Jesus, and found the man from whom the demons had departed, asitting at the bfeet of Jesus, clothed and in his cright mind. And they were afraid.
36 They also who had seen it told them by what means he who had been demon-possessed was 1healed.
37 aThen the whole multitude of the surrounding region of the 1Gadarenes basked Him to cdepart from them, for they were seized with great dfear. And He got into the boat and returned.
38 Now athe man from whom the demons had departed begged Him that he might be with Him. But Jesus sent him away, saying,
39 “Return to your own house, and tell what great things God has done for you.” And he went his way and proclaimed throughout the whole city what great things Jesus had done for him.

A Girl Restored to Life and a Woman Healed

40 So it was, when Jesus returned, that the multitude welcomed Him, for they were all waiting for Him.
41 aAnd behold, there came a man named Jairus, and he was a ruler of the synagogue. And he fell down at Jesus’ feet and begged Him to come to his house,
42 for he had an only daughter about twelve years of age, and she awas dying. But as He went, the multitudes thronged Him.
43 aNow a woman, having a bflow of blood for twelve years, who had spent all her livelihood on physicians and could not be healed by any,
44 came from behind and atouched the border of His garment. And immediately her flow of blood stopped.
45 And Jesus said, “Who touched

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Me?” When all denied it, Peter 1and those with him said, “Master, the multitudes throng and press You, 2and You say, ‘Who touched Me?’ ”
46 But Jesus said, “Somebody touched Me, for I perceived apower going out from Me.”
47 Now when the woman saw that she was not hidden, she came trembling; and falling down before Him, she declared to Him in the presence of all the people the reason she had touched Him and how she was healed immediately.
48 And He said to her, “Daughter, 1be of good cheer; ayour faith has made you well. bGo in peace.”
49 aWhile He was still speaking, someone came from the ruler of the synagogue’s house, saying to him, “Your daughter is dead. Do not trouble the 1Teacher.”
50 But when Jesus heard it, He answered him, saying, “Do not be afraid; aonly believe, and she will be made well.”
51 When He came into the house, He permitted no one to go 1in except 2Peter, James, and John, and the father and mother of the girl.
52 Now all wept and mourned for her; but He said, a“Do not weep; she is not dead, bbut sleeping.”
53 And they ridiculed Him, knowing that she was dead.
54 But He 1put them all outside, took her by the hand and called, saying, “Little girl, aarise.”
55 Then her spirit returned, and she arose immediately. And He commanded that she be given something to eat.
56 And her parents were astonished, but aHe charged them to tell no one what had happened.

Sending Out the Twelve


1 Then aHe called His twelve disciples together and bgave them power and authority over all demons, and to cure diseases.
2 aHe sent them to preach the kingdom of God and to heal the sick.
3 aAnd He said to them, “Take nothing for the journey, neither staffs nor bag nor bread nor money; and do not have two tunics apiece.
4 a“Whatever house you enter, stay there, and from there depart.
5 a“And whoever will not receive you, when you go out of that city, bshake off the very dust from your feet as a testimony against them.”
6 aSo they departed and went through the towns, preaching the gospel and healing everywhere.

Herod Seeks to See Jesus

7 aNow Herod the tetrarch heard of all that was done by Him; and he was perplexed, because it was said by some that John had risen from the dead,

45 1NU omits
and those
with him 2NU
omits the rest
of v. 45.
46 aMark 5:30;
Luke 6:19
48 aMark 5:34;
Luke 7:50
bJohn 8:11
1NU omits be
of good cheer
49 aMark 5:35
1NU adds
50 a[Mark
11:22–24] 51 1NU adds
with Him
2NU, M Peter,
John, and
52 aLuke 7:13
b[John 11:11,
13] 54 aLuke 7:14;
John 11:43
1NU omits
put them all
56 aMatt. 8:4;
9:30; Mark

CHAPTER 9 References

1 aMatt. 10:1,
2; Mark 3:13;
6:7 bMark
16:17, 18;
[John 14:12] 2 aMatt. 10:7,
8; Mark 6:12;
Luke 10:1, 9
3 aMatt.
10:9–15; Mark
6:8–11; Luke
10:4–12; 22:35
4 aMatt. 10:11;
Mark 6:10
5 aMatt. 10:14
bLuke 10:11;
Acts 13:51
6 aMark 6:12;
Luke 8:1
7 aMatt. 14:1,
2; Mark 6:14
9 aLuke 23:8
10 aMark 6:30
bMatt. 14:13
12 aMatt.
14:15; Mark
6:35; John
6:1, 5
16 aLuke
22:19; 24:30
17 1satisfied
18 aMatt.
Mark 8:27–29
19 aMatt. 14:2
20 aMatt.
16:16; John
6:68, 69
21 aMatt. 8:4;
16:20; Mark
22 aMatt.
16:21; 17:22;
23:46; 24:46

LUKE 9:22

8 and by some that Elijah had appeared, and by others that one of the old prophets had risen again.
9 Herod said, “John I have beheaded, but who is this of whom I hear such things?” aSo he sought to see Him.

Feeding the Five Thousand

10 aAnd the apostles, when they had returned, told Him all that they had done. bThen He took them and went aside privately into a deserted place belonging to the city called Bethsaida.
11 But when the multitudes knew it, they followed Him; and He received them and spoke to them about the kingdom of God, and healed those who had need of healing.
12 aWhen the day began to wear away, the twelve came and said to Him, “Send the multitude away, that they may go into the surrounding towns and country, and lodge and get provisions; for we are in a deserted place here.”
13 But He said to them, “You give them something to eat.” And they said, “We have no more than five loaves and two fish, unless we go and buy food for all these people.”
14 For there were about five thousand men. Then He said to His disciples, “Make them sit down in groups of fifty.”
15 And they did so, and made them all sit down.
16 Then He took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, He ablessed and broke them, and gave them to the disciples to set before the multitude.
17 So they all ate and were 1filled, and twelve baskets of the leftover fragments were taken up by them.

Peter Confesses Jesus as the Christ

18 aAnd it happened, as He was alone praying, that His disciples joined Him, and He asked them, saying, “Who do the crowds say that I am?”
19 So they answered and said, a“John the Baptist, but some say Elijah; and others say that one of the old prophets has risen again.”
20 He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” aPeter answered and said, “The Christ of God.”

Jesus Predicts His Death and Resurrection

21 aAnd He strictly warned and commanded them to tell this to no one,
22 saying, a“The Son of Man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised the third day

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LUKE 9:23

Take Up the Cross and Follow Him

23 aThen He said to them all, “If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross 1daily, and follow Me.
24 a“For whoever desires to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My sake will save it.
25 a“For what profit is it to a man if he gains the whole world, and is himself destroyed or lost?
26 a“For whoever is ashamed of Me and My words, of him the Son of Man will be bashamed when He comes in His own glory, and in His Father’s, and of the holy angels.
27 a“But I tell you truly, there are some standing here who shall not taste death till they see the kingdom of God.”

Jesus Transfigured on the Mount

28 aNow it came to pass, about eight days after these sayings, that He took Peter, John, and James and went up on the mountain to pray.
29 As He prayed, the appearance of His face was altered, and His robe became white and glistening.
30 And behold, two men talked with Him, who were aMoses and bElijah,
31 who appeared in glory and spoke of His 1decease which He was about to accomplish at Jerusalem.
32 But Peter and those with him awere heavy with sleep; and when they were fully awake, they saw His glory and the two men who stood with Him.
33 Then it happened, as they were parting from Him, that Peter said to Jesus, “Master, it is good for us to be here; and let us make three 1tabernacles: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah”—not knowing what he said.
34 While he was saying this, a cloud came and overshadowed them; and they were fearful as they entered the acloud.
35 And a voice came out of the cloud, saying, a“This is 1My beloved Son. bHear Him!”
36 When the voice had ceased, Jesus was found alone. aBut they kept quiet, and told no one in those days any of the things they had seen.

A Boy Is Healed

37 aNow it happened on the next day, when they had come down from the mountain, that a great multitude met Him.
38 Suddenly a man from the multitude cried out, saying, “Teacher, I implore You, look on my son, for he is my only child.
39 “And behold, a spirit seizes him, and he suddenly cries out; it convulses him so that he foams at the mouth; and it departs from him with great difficulty, bruising him.

23 aMatt.
10:38; 16:24
1M omits
24 a[John
12:25] 25 aMark 8:36
26 a[Rom.
1:16] bMatt.
27 aMatt. 16:28
28 aMark
30 aHeb.
b2 Kin. 2:1–11
31 1Death, lit.
32 aDan. 8:18;
33 1tents
34 aEx. 13:21
35 a[Matt.
3:17; 12:18] bActs 3:22
1NU My Son,
the Chosen
36 aMatt. 17:9
37 aMark
41 1unbelieving
2put up
44 aMatt. 17:22
45 aMark 9:32
46 aMatt.
47 aMatt. 9:4
bLuke 18:17
48 aMatt. 18:5
bJohn 12:44
cJohn 13:20
dEph. 3:8
49 aMark
50 aLuke 11:23
1NU you 2NU
51 aMark
53 aJohn 4:4, 9
54 aMark 3:17
b2 Kin. 1:10,
12 1NU omits
just as Elijah
55 a[2 Tim. 1:7] 1NU omits the
rest of v. 55.

40 “So I implored Your disciples to cast it out, but they could not.”
41 Then Jesus answered and said, “O 1faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you and 2bear with you? Bring your son here.”
42 And as he was still coming, the demon threw him down and convulsed him. Then Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit, healed the child, and gave him back to his father.

Jesus Again Predicts His Death

43 And they were all amazed at the majesty of God. But while everyone marveled at all the things which Jesus did, He said to His disciples,
44 a“Let these words sink down into your ears, for the Son of Man is about to be betrayed into the hands of men.”
45 aBut they did not understand this saying, and it was hidden from them so that they did not perceive it; and they were afraid to ask Him about this saying.

Who Is the Greatest?

46 aThen a dispute arose among them as to which of them would be greatest.
47 And Jesus, aperceiving the thought of their heart, took a blittle child and set him by Him,
48 and said to them, a“Whoever receives this little child in My name receives Me; and bwhoever receives Me creceives Him who sent Me. dFor he who is least among you all will be great.”

Jesus Forbids Sectarianism

49 aNow John answered and said, “Master, we saw someone casting out demons in Your name, and we forbade him because he does not follow with us.”
50 But Jesus said to him, “Do not forbid him, for ahe who is not against 1us is on 2our side.”

A Samaritan Village Rejects the Savior

51 Now it came to pass, when the time had come for aHim to be received up, that He steadfastly set His face to go to Jerusalem,
52 and sent messengers before His face. And as they went, they entered a village of the Samaritans, to prepare for Him.
53 But athey did not receive Him, because His face was set for the journey to Jerusalem.
54 And when His disciples aJames and John saw this, they said, “Lord, do You want us to command fire to come down from heaven and consume them, 1just as bElijah did?”
55 But He turned and rebuked them, 1and said, “You do not know what manner of aspirit you are of.

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56 1“For athe Son of Man did not come to destroy men’s lives but to save them.” And they went to another village.

The Cost of Discipleship

57 aNow it happened as they journeyed on the road, that someone said to Him, “Lord, I will follow You wherever You go.”
58 And Jesus said to him, “Foxes have holes and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man ahas nowhere to lay His head.”
59 aThen He said to another, “Follow Me.” But he said, “Lord, let me first go and bury my father.”
60 Jesus said to him, “Let the dead bury their own dead, but you go and preach the kingdom of God.”
61 And another also said, “Lord, aI will follow You, but let me first go and bid them farewell who are at my house.”
62 But Jesus said to him, “No one, having put his hand to the plow, and looking back, is afit for the kingdom of God.”

56 aJohn 3:17;
12:47 1NU
omits For the
Son of Man
did not come
to destroy
men’s lives
but to save
57 aMatt.
58 aLuke 2:7;
59 aMatt. 8:21,
61 a1 Kin.
62 a2 Tim. 4:10

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Thanksgiving for Deliverance from Death

1 I aLOVE the LORD, because He has heard My voice and my supplications.
2 Because He has inclined His ear to me, Therefore I will call upon Him as long as I live.

3 aThe 1pains of death surrounded me, And the 2pangs of Sheol 3laid hold of me; I found trouble and sorrow.
4 Then I called upon the name of the LORD: “O LORD, I implore You, deliver my soul!”

5 aGracious is the LORD, and brighteous; Yes, our God is merciful.
6 The LORD preserves the simple; I was brought low, and He saved me.
7 Return to your arest, O my soul, For bthe LORD has dealt bountifully with you.

8 aFor You have delivered my soul from death, My eyes from tears, And my feet from falling.
9 I will walk before the LORD aIn the land of the living.

PSALM 116 References

1 aPs. 18:1
3 aPs. 18:4–6
1Lit. cords
3Lit. found me
5 a[Ps. 103:8] b[Ezra 9:15];
Neh. 9:8; [Ps.
145:17; Jer.
12:1; Dan.
9:14] 7 a[Jer. 6:16;
Matt. 11:29] bPs. 13:6
8 aPs. 56:13
9 aPs. 27:13
10 a2 Cor. 4:13
11 aPs. 31:22
bRom. 3:4
14 aPs. 116:18
15 aPs. 72:14;
[Rev. 14:13] 16 aPs.
143:12 bPs.
17 aLev. 7:12;
Ps. 50:14;
19 aPs. 96:8
1Heb. Hallelujah

10 aI believed, therefore I spoke, “I am greatly afflicted.”
11 aI said in my haste, b“All men are liars.”

12 What shall I render to the LORD For all His benefits toward me?
13 I will take up the cup of salvation, And call upon the name of the LORD.
14 aI will pay my vows to the LORD Now in the presence of all His people.

15 aPrecious in the sight of the LORD Is the death of His saints.

16 O LORD, truly aI am Your servant; I am Your servant, bthe son of Your maidservant; You have loosed my bonds.
17 I will offer to You athe sacrifice of thanksgiving, And will call upon the name of the LORD.

18 I will pay my vows to the LORD Now in the presence of all His people,
19 In the acourts of the LORD’s house, In the midst of you, O Jerusalem.

1Praise the LORD!



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